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Photo Teach Tool 2


Five concepts of digital photography for visual literacy projects in education.

Five concepts of digital photography for visual literacy projects in education.

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  • 1. DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY: EXPERIMENTING WITH CONCEPTS EME 6205: Teaching Tool 2 Oksana Hlodan May 24 2007
  • 2. This activity is about concepts:
    • Lighting
    • Close-ups
    • Exposure
    • Perspective
    • Motion
    • Photo credits: All photos by Oksana Hlodan
  • 3. Lighting of Indoor Close-ups
    • Don’t stand close to the subject. Let the zoom do the work for you. Too close, and the flash washes out the subject.
    • Play with the indoor lighting - overhead lights, lamps, candles. Soft lighting from lamps, placed strategically, may help the colors shine through.
    • If the subject is naturally dark, place natural light close to it.
  • 4. Example 1: Small, Colorful Objects
    • • Small photo: AUTO setting and FLASH, w. overhead lights on
    • • Large photo: INDOOR setting and FLASH, w. corner lamp, adjusted distance and zoom
  • 5. Example 2
    • The same photo techniques were used for this oil painting hanging on the wall.
    • Q: What is the main problem in these shots? How would you correct it?
  • 6. Outdoor close-ups
    • Use micro/foliage mode in SCN or adjust stops manually.
    • Keep sunlight behind you or else use a polarizer filter.
    • If windy day, adjust film speed.
    • Choose focal point carefully.
  • 7. Example
    • Both pictures are of seagrape leaves and stems of flowers and were taken using the foliage mode, no flash and from the same distance. L: shutter 1/20, f4.0, ISO 80; R: 1/60, f4.0, ISO 80.
    • Q: What could be some of the reasons the photo on the left is blurry and the one on the right is clear?
  • 8. Landscapes: Exposure
    • For beginners, buildings can be shot in the landscape mode.
    • Composition is important to framing the building.
    • Experiment with exposure settings to take into account sunlight, clouds, and reflections.
  • 9. Example
    • L: AUTO setting - 1/1000, f5.5, and ISO 80, -2 exp. R: LANDSCAPE setting - 1/60, f2/6, 0 exp., ISO 200.
    • Q: Changing the viewpoint improved composition but how can the photo at right be improved even more?
    Frost Bank, Austin, TX
  • 10. Landscapes: Perspective
    • The Landscape Mode is made for outdoor landscapes where you want clarity of foreground and background.
    • Where you place your focal point will define the clarity of the perspective and create a pleasing composition.
  • 11. Examples
    • L: Landscape Mode: 1/200; f3.5; ISO 80; focal length of 9.82 mm
    • R: Landscape Mode: 1/125; f5; ISO 200; focal length 18.35 mm
  • 12. Motion
    • Capturing motion within or on an object makes for an interesting photo.
    • Use the focus lock (AF) to capture the movement quickly or low contrasts.
    • Try the exposure lock (AE) for strong contrasts.
  • 13. Example 1 Auto Mode: 1/800; f3.5; ISO 80; AE lock used due to extreme sunlight and intent to capture moving clouds and shadows in window panes.
  • 14. Example 2
    • Using Auto Mode: 1/200; f2.6; ISO 80; the focus lock was used to capture the movement on the street, which is reflected in the metal guitar and glass window.
  • 15. Q: Which concept would you focus on for these subjects? How would you achieve your goal?