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Beauty Of Sweet Falls Shillong by Vivek Kumar Scientist

Beauty Of Sweet Falls Shillong by Vivek Kumar Scientist



This is a research paper by Vivek Kumar,Scientist on Sweet Falls of Shillong,Meghalaya,India.This paper discuss beauty of falls as well as the abundant species and their potential in economic terms.

This is a research paper by Vivek Kumar,Scientist on Sweet Falls of Shillong,Meghalaya,India.This paper discuss beauty of falls as well as the abundant species and their potential in economic terms.



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    Beauty Of Sweet Falls Shillong by Vivek Kumar Scientist Beauty Of Sweet Falls Shillong by Vivek Kumar Scientist Presentation Transcript

    • INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION & ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Organised By-Assam University,Silchar,16-17 March 2012Title Of The Research Paper- PUBLISHEDAuthor-Vivek KumarDirector General,Albert Einstein Research Co-Author-Institute,Bihar,India.Consultant,GLG Research Abanda WahlangUnited Kingdom. Research associate of VivekTechnical Director,VACS Ayur & Foods Pvt. Kumar.Ltd. Secretary,Northeastdivision,Principal Scientist,AEDO,Nepal. Science & EnvironmentEditor-Biofuel section,ECO Seed,USA Awareness Society,Bihar,India
    • Nature,the existing system of things; the world of matter, or of matterand mind; the creation; the Universe. Nature has such a mysteriousbeauty,that everything is mesmerized into her. Nature is mans teacher.She unfolds her treasures to his search, unseals his eye, illumes hismind, and purifies his heart; an influence breathes from all the sightsand sounds of her existence. Biodiversity – the variety of Life on Earth– makes our planet habitable and beautiful. We depend on it for thefood, energy, raw materials, air and water that make life possible anddrive our economy. And we look to the natural environment for equallyimportant things like aesthetic pleasure, artistic inspiration andrecreation. North East India is a mysterious, magical and beautifulregion where Nature has wide-spread its beauty. North Eastern statesallure tourists with its wonderful verdant valleys, hilly streams, lushgreen forests, vast tea gardens, snowcapped mountain peaks, mightyrivers, tribal culture, colorful fairs and festivals. North East India toexperience the charm of rich biodiversity, treasures of tribalcommunities and unparalleled scenic beauty of Himalayan Mountain.Meghalaya, a Sanskrit word meaning "the abode of cloud",is endowedwith a rich variety of flora and fauna. Of about 17,000 species oforchids in the world, around 3000 varieties.
    • Sweet Falls,Shillong• Geographical Location-• 25* 33’ 39.38” N & 91* 57’ 30.20”E• The Sweet Falls (also called “Weitden in the native parlance) apart from the adorable name does not possess any feminine quality. Situated near Happy Valley, the Sweet Falls travel a stomach wrenching dive height of an incredible 96 meters before it pounds the black rocks in the crevice below. The Falls is very popular on the internet but yet after talking to the people we found that very few people goes to the falls.The area is very rich in Biodiversity. Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Satellite View Of The AreaPublished @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • The area is very rich in Biodiversity.You can find here the abundance ofEupatorium sp.,Lantana sp.,Rubus sp.,fern species like Osmundacinnamomea, Phagopteres auriculata,etc,can also be found.Pine trees areavailable all around which adds-up to the beauty of this place.Some pictures of the area- Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Picture of PineTreePublished @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Picture Of Falls Clicked from different angles It is believed by the local people that this falls is haunted and it attracts people.If people go in odd number then they return in even number,it is believed by the local people.Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Vegetation Picture of the AreaPublished @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Potential Of Weeds Found There-For our study we selected three weeds species:-• Ageratina adenophora• Lantana camara• Rubus ellipticus Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Ageratina adenophora• Order: Asterales• Family: Asteraceae• Tribe: Eupatorieae• Genus: Ageratina• Species: adenophora Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • General DescriptionIt is a longlived (perennial) herbaceous plant or small soft-stemmed shrubusually growing 1-2 m tall, but occasionally reaching 3 m in height. Itproduces numerous upright (erect) stems from a woody rootstock. Thebranched stems are densely covered in sticky (glandular) hairs when youngand may be green, reddish or purplish in colour. They become slightly woodyand turn brownish-green or brown in colour when mature. Its roots areyellowish in colour and give off a distinct carrot-like smell when broken ordamaged.The leaves are oppositely arranged along the stems and are borne on stalks(petioles) 1-6 cm long. The broad leaf blades (4-15 cm long and 3-9 cm wide)are trowel-shaped, diamond-shaped (rhomboid), or triangular with bluntly orsharply toothed (crenate or serrate) margins.The small white flower-heads (capitula) consist of several tiny flowers(tubular florets) surrounded by two rows of greenish bracts (an involucre) 3-5mm long. These flower-heads (5-8 mm across) are borne in large numbersand arranged in clusters at the tips of the branches (in terminal corymboseinflorescences). The tiny tubular florets (3-5 mm long) are white and containboth male and female flower parts (they are bisexual). The seeds (achenes)Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 colour, and slightly curved.are slender, reddish-brown or blackish-brown in March 2012
    • Uses• This species has not got that much potential and oil extracted from it is used in skin diseases(Rajendra C. Padalia*, Ram S. Verma and Vellu Sundaresan,2010).Local people also use this plant to heal wounds.Also used as ornamental plant. Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Lantana camara• Division: Magnoliophyta• Class: Magnoliopsida• Order: Lamiales• Family:Verbenaceae• Genus:Lantana• Species:camara Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • General Description• Lantana camara is a low erect or subscandent, vigorous shrub with stout recurved prickles and a strong odour of black currents; it grows to 1.2-2.4 metres (or even more); its root system is very strong, and it gives out a new flush of shoots even after repeated cuttings; Leaf ovate or ovate-oblong, acute or subacute, crenate- serrate, rugose above, scabrid on both sides; Flower small, usually orange, sometimes varying from white to red in various shades and having a yellow throat, in axillary heads, almost throughout the year; Fruit small, greenish-blue black, blackish, drupaceous, shining, with two nutlets,almost throughout the year, dispersed by birds. Seeds germinates very easily. (Sastri and Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Herbal UseLantana has got great potential as herbal plant. Lantana camara leaves are used torelieve itching. Investigation of wound healing activity of Lantana camara in Spraguedawley rats using a burn wound model: The study showed antimicrobial activity butnot wound healing activity on burn wound in rats. Evaluation of wound healingactivity of Lantana camara - a Preclinical study: Study showed LC is effective inhealing excision wounds in the experimental animal and suggests further evaluation asa therapeutic agent in tissue repair processes associated with injuries (B. ShivanandaNayak, S. Sivachandra Raju et al / Phytotherapy Research /Vol 23 Issue 2, Pages 241 –245). Mosquito Larvicidal Activity of Lantana camara was also proposed by MSathish Kumar and S. Maneemegalai in 2008.According to them, Phytochemicalscreeding of leaves and flowers yielded saponin, terpenoids, flavonoids and cardiacglycosides. Phytol, a diterpene,is present in higher concentration in the methanol leafextract of Lantana camara. The larvicidal activity noted was attributed to thephytochemicals and results suggests the shrub may have a potential in the control ofvector borne diseases. Lantana oil is sometimes used for the treatment of skin itches,asan antiseptic for wounds (Anon. 1962), and externally for leprosy and scabies(Ghisalberti 2000).Plant extracts are used in folk medicine for the treatment ofcancers, chicken pox, measles, asthma,ulcers, swellings, eczema, tumors, high bloodpressure, bilious fevers, catarrhal infections, tetanus,rheumatism, malaria and atoxy ofabdominal viscera (Anon. 1962, Kirtikar and Basu 1981, Ghisalberti 2000, in Day etal. 2003). Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Used as Pesticide and Insecticide• Aerial parts of Lantana camara were investigated for their insecticidal, antiovipositional and antifeedant activity against Callosobruchus chinensis. Petroleum ether and methanol extracts of the plant showed 10–43% mortality at 1–5% concentrations. The extracts also showed complete feeding deterrent action at 5% concentrations. Loss of fecundity was also noticed in both the extracts at higher doses. The antiovipositional values were 30 mg/100 g for petroleum ether extract and 40 mg/100 g of seed for methanol extract (R.C. Saxena, O.P. Dixit, V. Harshan 1992). Lantana camara is also used in the preparation of “Daskavya”,a pesticide-cum-organic fertilizer.It increases growth, yield and quality of the crops, controls pests like aphids, thrips, mites and other sucking pests,etc proposed by Tamilnadu Agricultural University,Coimbatore. Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Rubus ellipticus• Division-Magnoliophyta• Class-Magnoliopsida• Order-Rosales• Family- Rosaceae• Genus-Rubus• Species-ellipticus Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • General Description"Stout, weakly climbing, evergreen shrubs; stems often 30-40 dmlong, forming impenetrable thickets several m wide, primocanes usuallyerect, covered with usually spreading prickles up to 5 mmlong, floricanes covered with stout, recurved,longitudinally elongateprickles up to 6 mm long and densely covered with slender, spreadingprickles, also sparsely to moderately pilose. Leaves persistent, palmatelycompound, thick, leaflets 3, bradly obcordate, the terminal onelargest, usually 6-8 cm long, 5-6.5 cm wide, those of the primocanesslightly smaller, upper surface sparsely pilose, lower surface denselyvelvety pilose, midrib with a few small, stout, recurved prickles andsmaller straight ones, margins serrate, petiolules 1.5-3 cmlong, petiolules and petioles densely covered with long, straight pricklesand scattered stout, recurved prickles, also sparsely to moderately pilose.Flowers in short, terminal panicles,tomentose and covered throughoutwith short prickles, pedicels 3-10 mm long; petals white, obovate, 7-9mm long. Fruit yellow, depressed-hemispherical, ca. 0.8 cmlong, glabrous." (Wagner et al. 1999). Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • UsesRubus ellipticus (Smith) has got great potential and is widely used for medicinalpurpose. The plant is astringent and febrifuge. A decoction of the root, combined withGirardinia diversifolia root and the bark of Lagerstroemia parviflora, is used in thetreatment of fevers. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of fevers, gastrictroubles, diarrhoea and dysentery. A paste of the roots is applied externally towounds. Both the roots and the young shoots are considered to be a good treatmentfor colic. The leaf buds, combined with Centella asiatica and Cynodon dactylon, arepounded to a juice and used in the treatment of peptic ulcers. The juice of the fruit isused in the treatment of fever, colic, coughs and sore throat. The inner bark is used inTibetan medicine, it is said to have a sweet and sour flavour plus a heating potency. Arenal tonic and antidiuretic, it is used in the treatment of weakening of thesenses, vaginal/seminal discharge, polyuria and micturation during sleep.Root paste is used as poultice for the treatment of bone fracture. Ripe fruits arelaxative and used in case of constipation.Paste of young fruits, 0-20gm at a time istaken twice or thrice in a day in case of gastritis, as antacid and to check diarrhoeaand dysentery.Anti-diabetic effect of Rubus ellipticus fruit extracts has also been presented byU.S. Sharma1, 2, A. Kumar3(Journal of Diabetology, June 2011; 2:4 ) Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • ConclusionEverything present in Nature has got its ownpotential.After collecting species samples and identifyingit and knowing about their potential,we came toconclusion that the three weeds which are present inabundant amount in the area of SweetFalls,Weitden,Shillong has got lots of potential.It is usedwidely for medicinal purpose.Rural people preparetraditional medicines from these plants. Apart from thatas we discussed that Lantana camara has also been usedas pesticide and for the preparation ofDaskavya:fertilizer-cum-pesticide. Published @ Assam University,Silchar,BECH-12,16-17 March 2012
    • Biodiesel From AlgaeVivek Kumar has published his firstBook from Germany on Biodiesel FromAlgae on which he has been workingsince past 5 years.The Book has got96% positive reviews inUSA,UK,Germany,Russia and othercountries.Have been feted by Dr. Kalam,formerPreseident and Scientist in 2008.Havepresented 13 research papers and hasgot two inventions patented.VivekKumar is working to Serve Nature andLiving Beings… Copyright @ Vivek Kumar
    • Serve Nature,Nature will Serve You…