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ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource Presentation Transcript

  • *Roof Carpets Walls Wooden Floors Kitchens Wine Cellar Bathrooms Bedrooms Curtains Painting *Gardens Electrics Lighting Furniture If I wanted to build a house I would need some instructions on all these different parts.
  • Roofing
    • Chapter 1
    • Making beams.
    • Chapter 2
    • Making tiles.
    • Chapter 3
    • Making Cement.
    • …………..etc
    Back to the book case
  • Gardens
    • Chapter 1
    • Flower beds.
    • Chapter 2
    • Grass.
    • Chapter 3
    • Ponds.
    • …………..etc
    Back to the book case
  • Building Organisms is a lot like building houses. Just follow the instructions But where do we keep these…? We have our own bookshelf
  • Each Chromosome = Book Each Chapter = Gene Humans have 46 Chromosomes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 * 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 * 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46
  • Let’s Take a Look at Chromosome 11 Chromosome Number 11 Around 1,300 – 1,700 Chapters One chapter tells us how to make up red blood cells. We’ll be coming back to this chapter later in the module. Back to the human bookcase
  • The only difference in our bodies the chapters are all mixed up. Let’s look at chromosome 19 Chromosome Number 19 Again around 1,300 – 1,700 Chapters One chapter tells us what colour to make our eyes. Another chapter tells us what colour to make our hair. Back to the human bookcase
  • You’ve been sat for too long
    • Break out the beads!
    • Design your own chromosome –
    • You can include any genes you want.
    • Mr Johnson’s Chromosome
    • Brown – Gene for hair colour
    • Green – Gene for eye colour
    • Purple – Gene for tooth length (perfect in my case
    • Yellow – Gene for nose shape (again perfect)
  • Let’s get real for a minute
    • What is this stuff DNA?
  • How is this information written in these books?
    • All organisms instructions are written in the same alphabet.
    • Very simple – Only 4 letters A,T,G,C
    • So one Gene (Chapter) might look like this -
  • CAGTACAGTACTGACTACATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATGCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGACAGTACAGTACTGACTACATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATGCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGACAGTACAGTACTGACTACATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATGCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGA So one Gene (Chapter) in the Chromosome (Book) might be written like this -