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ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
ScienceShare.co.uk Shared Resource
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  • 1. *Roof Carpets Walls Wooden Floors Kitchens Wine Cellar Bathrooms Bedrooms Curtains Painting *Gardens Electrics Lighting Furniture If I wanted to build a house I would need some instructions on all these different parts.
  • 2. Roofing
    • Chapter 1
    • Making beams.
    • Chapter 2
    • Making tiles.
    • Chapter 3
    • Making Cement.
    • …………..etc
    Back to the book case
  • 3. Gardens
    • Chapter 1
    • Flower beds.
    • Chapter 2
    • Grass.
    • Chapter 3
    • Ponds.
    • …………..etc
    Back to the book case
  • 4. Building Organisms is a lot like building houses. Just follow the instructions But where do we keep these…? We have our own bookshelf
  • 5. Each Chromosome = Book Each Chapter = Gene Humans have 46 Chromosomes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 * 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 * 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46
  • 6. Let’s Take a Look at Chromosome 11 Chromosome Number 11 Around 1,300 – 1,700 Chapters One chapter tells us how to make up red blood cells. We’ll be coming back to this chapter later in the module. Back to the human bookcase
  • 7. The only difference in our bodies the chapters are all mixed up. Let’s look at chromosome 19 Chromosome Number 19 Again around 1,300 – 1,700 Chapters One chapter tells us what colour to make our eyes. Another chapter tells us what colour to make our hair. Back to the human bookcase
  • 8. You’ve been sat for too long
    • Break out the beads!
    • Design your own chromosome –
    • You can include any genes you want.
    • Mr Johnson’s Chromosome
    • Brown – Gene for hair colour
    • Green – Gene for eye colour
    • Purple – Gene for tooth length (perfect in my case
    • Yellow – Gene for nose shape (again perfect)
  • 9. Let’s get real for a minute
    • What is this stuff DNA?
  • 10. How is this information written in these books?
    • All organisms instructions are written in the same alphabet.
    • Very simple – Only 4 letters A,T,G,C
    • So one Gene (Chapter) might look like this -
  • 11. CAGTACAGTACTGACTACATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATGCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGACAGTACAGTACTGACTACATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATGCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGACAGTACAGTACTGACTACATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATGCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGGATCGGGGGGGGGCGACGACCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAATCGATCGATCGATCGATCTAGTCGATCGATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAAGTACGATCGACGATCACTAGCATCGATCGATCGATTTTTTTTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGATCGACACGAGTCAGTGCAGGCTGTGTCGTGTGTTGTACCACACCACATCTGCAGTACTGATACTACGACACTATATATTATCATCGATCATCGAGCTATCATCATCATGCACGACTACTACATCAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCATCGATGCATCGATCATCGACGATTATTTTTTTTTTTTTCCCCCCCGACCACACACGGGGGGGGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCAAAAAAAAAAAAATTTTAAAAAAAATATAATATATTTTTTTTTCGGGGGGGGGGATCAGCTACGATCGATCGATCGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGGCTACGATCGATCGATCATCGTAGCTAGCTAGCTAGCTATCATCGATCGA So one Gene (Chapter) in the Chromosome (Book) might be written like this -

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