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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, …

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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  • 1. • Volcano: An opening in the earth's crust through which molten magma and gases erupt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 6. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 7. • What’s the only U.S. state that ends with three vowels? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 8. • Answer! Hawaii Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 9. • Activity! Making a volcanic island chain. 1.) Give one volunteer a large colored marker. 2.) Create a crack big enough for the pencil to poke through between the lab tables. 3.) Group members move ocean plate (poster size paper) toward clock very slowly and curve it. -Movement needs to be 5 minutes from start to finish 4.) Person under table touches marker to paper every thirty seconds for five minutes. 5.) Make first circles largest, and last circles the smallest. At end neaten island chain. 6.) Sketch results in journal when complete. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 10. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Time
  • 11. • Which way is Hawaii moving? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 12. • Answer! Northwest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 13. • Answer! Northwest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 14. • Which Island is the oldest? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 15. • Which Island is the oldest? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 16. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 17. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  • 18. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  • 19. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  • 20. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  • 21. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  • 22. • Which Island is the oldest? Youngest Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Only Island with active volcanoes
  • 23. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  • 24. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  • 25. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  • 26. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  • 27. • Where is a new Hawaiian Island forming?
  • 28. • Image of Loihi forming under the ocean south of the big island. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 29.  Hawaii is caused by a hot spot: A location above an upwelling of magma from the mantle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 30.  Hawaii is caused by a hot spot: A location above an upwelling of magma from the mantle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Hawaii’s Hot Spot. Learn more at… http://www.marinebio.net/marinescience/02ocea n/hwgeo.htm
  • 31. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  • 32. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  • 33. • Where is this in the United States? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 34. • Answer! Yellowstone Park. Wyoming. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 35. • Video Link! (Optional) Old Faithful Geyser – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tyyH_15PabA
  • 36. • How a geyser works. (Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4zA_YPCyHs
  • 37. • Supervolcano:
  • 38. • Supervolcano: A volcano capable of producing a super volcanic eruption with ejecta greater than 1000 cubic kilometers.
  • 39. • This is the range of serious destruction if the Yellowstone Supervolcano were to erupt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 40. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 41. • Yellowstone’s Burning Question? – Please read article and answer one question? – Are we in serious danger?
  • 42. • Yellowstone’s Burning Question? – Please read article and answer one question? – Are we in serious danger? – Answer: It does not appear that we are in any serious danger. A long time from now, this supervolcano will erupt and cause serious devastation.
  • 43. • Yellowstone’s Burning Question? – Please read article and answer one question? – Are we in serious danger? – Answer: It does not appear that we are in any serious danger. A long time from now, this supervolcano will erupt and cause serious devastation in N. America and worldwide.
  • 44. • Explosions happen about “every 600,000 years at Yellowstone," Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 45. • Explosions happen about “every 600,000 years at Yellowstone," • "And it's been about 640,000 years since the last super explosive eruption there." Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 46. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 47. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 48. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 49. • The Hot Spot under the continent has erupted periodically throughout history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 50. • Picture of Super volcano on Jupiter’s moon Io. Learn more about the Yellowstone Super volcano at.. http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/supervolcano/supervolcano. html
  • 51. A catastrophic Supervolcano eruption deals with which big Idea?
  • 52. A supervolcanic eruption would challenge civilization as we know it. Volcanoes are dangerous.
  • 53. A supervolcanic eruption would challenge civilization as we know it. Volcanoes are dangerous.
  • 54. • The rest of the United States would be buried in 1 meter of Ash. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 55. • The rest of the United States would be buried in 1 meter of Ash. – The global climate would shift for many years as dust clouds would block out the sun. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 56. • The rest of the United States would be buried in 1 meter of Ash. – The global climate would shift for many years as dust clouds would block out the sun. – Agriculture would become difficult. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 57. • Video Link! (Optional) Supervolcanoes – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7as7Ej_U6y U (46:00 Minutes)
  • 58.  New Area of Focus: Volcanoes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 59.  Volcano: An opening in the earth's crust through which molten magma and gases erupt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 60. • Activity! Google Earth, Visiting Volcanoes as we cover them. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
  • 61. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 62. • Mt Etna in Italy
  • 63. • Mt Etna in Italy
  • 64. • Mt Pinatubo – Indonesia
  • 65. • Mt Rainer in Washington State
  • 66. • Mount Saint Helens
  • 67. • Video Link! Mt. Saint Helens Eruption. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-H_HZVY1tT4
  • 68. Note: Although difficult, Volcanologist can use data to predict when a volcano may erupt. Seismometers can be used to pinpoint earthquakes which track the rise of magma and its movement along fissures. The tilt of the mountain can also be used as well as instruments that collect gas samples.
  • 69. Note: Although difficult, Volcanologist can use data to predict when a volcano may erupt. Seismometers can be used to pinpoint earthquakes which track the rise of magma and its movement along fissures. The tilt of the mountain can also be used as well as instruments that collect gas samples. Learn more about predicting volcanic eruptions at… http://volcanoworld.wordpress.com/2009/03/06/how -do-volcanologists-predict-volcanic-eruptions/ Neat activities / readings about volcanic eruption predicting found at… http://www.ck12.org/earth- science/Predicting-Volcanic-Eruptions/
  • 70. • Stromboli – Mediterranean Sea
  • 71. • Surtsey – Iceland – A new island formed very quickly.
  • 72. • Surtsey – Iceland – A new island formed very quickly.
  • 73. • Kilauea – Hawaii (Big Island – Only active)
  • 74. • Mt. Vesuvius – Erupted violently August 24, 79 AD – Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area. – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  • 75. • Mt. Vesuvius – Erupted violently August 24, 79 AD – Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area. – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  • 76. • Mt. Vesuvius – Molten debris engulfed the surrounding area. – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  • 77. • Mt. Vesuvius – Suffocating the inhabitants of the neighboring Roman cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae. – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  • 78. • Mt. Vesuvius – The cities remained buried and undiscovered for almost 1700 years until excavated. – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  • 79. • Mt. Vesuvius – These excavations continue today and provide insight into life during the Roman Empire
  • 80. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  • 81. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  • 82. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  • 83. • Mt. Vesuvius – The eruption claimed many lives. Many of the inhabitants were preserved under the volcanic debris.
  • 84. • Mt. Vesuvius – Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
  • 85. • Mt. Vesuvius – Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
  • 86. • Mt. Vesuvius – Millions currently live next to this active volcano.
  • 87. • Video Link! Mt Vesuvius and Pompeii – http://penkat.com/video/73 Learn more at… http://science.nationalgeograph ic.com/science/archaeology/po mpeii/
  • 88. • Why do volcanoes erupt?
  • 89. • Why do volcanoes erupt? • When rock from the mantle melts, it moves to the surface through the crust, and releases pent-up gases which can erupt.
  • 90. • Activity! Volcanic Explosion. – A volcano is a lot like a bottle of soda exploding. – Like soda, molten earth contains gases. – These gases create a frothy cloudy explosion. – Note the air spaces in the volcanic rock Pumice.
  • 91. • Activity! Volcanic Explosion. – A volcano is a lot like a bottle of soda exploding. – Like soda, molten earth contains gases. – These gases create a frothy cloudy explosion. – Note the air spaces in the volcanic rock Pumice. – Enjoy the eruption! “Let’s go outside.” – Make tube to drop entire pack at once.
  • 92. • Krakatoa - Indonesia Top Ten Volcanoes from TIME Magazine. Learn more at… http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/completelist/0,29569, 2014572,00.html
  • 93. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 94. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 95. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 96. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 97. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 98. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 99. • The cataclysmic explosion of Krakatoa was heard as far away as Western Australia, about 1,930 miles. – 36,417 (official toll) people died. – 13,000 times the yield of the atomic bomb that devastated Hiroshima, Japan. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy New Island forming, called Anak Krakata. (Child of Krakatoa).
  • 100. • Video Link! Anak Krakata in HD – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXzQT52Sdec
  • 101. • Mt Fuji – Japan – Most photographed Mountain in the world.
  • 102. • Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack in a corn field)
  • 103. • Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack in a corn field)
  • 104. • Paricutin – Mexico (Started off as a crack in a corn field)
  • 105. • Can set-up Venn Diagram (Optional)
  • 106.  The negatives of volcanoes  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 107.  Destruction and death.
  • 108.  Loss of land until…? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 109. • Indonesian Mud Volcano.
  • 110. • Mud volcanoes are built by a mixture of hot water and fine sediment (mud and clay) that is forced to the surface.
  • 111. • Engineers are trying to plug hole with concrete balls.
  • 112. • They are also pumping the mud / water into the river nearby which is causing problems to the local fishery.
  • 113. • Volcanoes Available Sheet to answer reading for Indonesian Mud Volcano Disaster
  • 114. • Reading. Indonesian Mud Volcano – Found in activities folder.
  • 115. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, what, where, when, why? – How did this mud volcano happen? – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate? – You are the president of the mining company that caused the mud volcano. What would you do?
  • 116. • Video Link after reading about the Mud Volcano. – Reading in activities folder with questions. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6ypm24quhA
  • 117. • Reading and video about the Mud Volcano. – Reading in activities folder with questions. – Video Link! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6ypm24quhA
  • 118. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why?
  • 119. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  • 120. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  • 121. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  • 122. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  • 123. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  • 124. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Who, What, Where, When, Why? • Who? Local people, Mud Volcano, Lapindo Drilling Company, scientists, Indonesian government. • What? Mud volcano is destroying town, caused by by drilling. • Where?: East Java Indonesia • When?: 2006 to present • Why? Drilling triggered the eruption.
  • 125. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen?
  • 126. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen? – The drilling company created a bore hole that started the mud volcano.
  • 127. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen? – The drilling company created a bore hole that started the mud volcano. • We know this b/c the company poured heavy mud into the bore hole it drilled to slow eruption.
  • 128. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – How did this Mud Volcano happen? – The drilling company created a bore hole that started the mud volcano. • We know this b/c the company poured heavy mud into the bore hole it drilled to slow eruption. – The drilled bore hole connects to the mud volcano.
  • 129. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate?
  • 130. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate? • No, the scientists worked for the oil company and claimed an earthquake 175 miles away could have caused the volcano.
  • 131. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – Are the scientist studying this volcano from the oil company being accurate? • No, the scientists worked for the oil company and claimed an earthquake 175 miles away could have caused the volcano. – Remember, the drilling company pumped heavier mud into the bore hole they drilled to slow the flow of mud.
  • 132. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – You are the president of the mining company that caused the mud volcano. What would you do?
  • 133. • Questions: Please answer these questions in your journal or on your sheet. – You are the president of the mining company that caused the mud volcano. What would you do? • The drilling company has given 600 million dollars to clean up and relocation. This is not a lot of money compared to the damage caused. Lapindo Brantas continues to make millions and be a large part of the government.
  • 134. Image search key words: mud volcano Indonesia
  • 135.  The negatives of volcanoes  Death and destruction  Loss of land until…?  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 136.  Release of poisonous and greenhouse gases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 137. • Disruption of transportation –Video Link: Ash cloud disrupts air travel.
  • 138. • Disruption of transportation –Video Link: Ash cloud disrupts air travel. 59 minute video of Icelandic Volcano and disruption of air travel at… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=blDXgde1Tpg
  • 139. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 140. • Munch, The Scream, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 141. • Munch, The Scream, was inspired by the sunsets caused from the particles after the eruption of Krakatoa in 1883. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 142. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 143. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Anomaly: Something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected.
  • 144. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 145. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 146. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 147. • Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 148. • Tambura 1815: The year without summer
  • 149. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 150. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy For those species that don’t make it.
  • 151. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy For those species that don’t make it. Good for us simply because we exist
  • 152. • Mass extinction events? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy For those species that don’t make it. Good for us simply because we exist
  • 153.  The positives of volcanoes  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 154.  New Land is formed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 155.  Release of healthy gases. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 156.  Many gems and ores worth $. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 157.  Many gems and ores worth $. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 158. • Diamond mine / pit in Africa
  • 159. • Mirny Diamond Mine, Serbia
  • 160. • Mirny Diamond Mine, Serbia Note: These diamond mine pits were formed from past geologic events and unevenly distributed around the planet.
  • 161. • Sulfur mining: A horrible job
  • 162. • Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 163.  Volcanic ash fertilizes land. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 164.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 165.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 166.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 167.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 168.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 169.  Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 170. The big Idea that volcanoes fertilize the earth and created the atmosphere deals with…?
  • 171. The creation of the atmosphere from volcanoes dates billion of years ago
  • 172. The Earth’s atmosphere has changed as a result of volcanoes.
  • 173. Volcanoes cycle Carbon and Sulfur on our planet which are necessary for plant and animal survival.
  • 174. Today’s volcanoes behave in the same way that volcanoes from millions of years ago do.
  • 175. • Volcanoes are very important to Earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 176. • Activity! Tic-Tac-Toe Volcano and the atmosphere. – Teacher to minimize from slideshow. – Students “X” go first and must read the entire horizontal row and name the square they want to put answer in. – Teacher “O” will also read horizontal box.
  • 177. 1st atmosphere H and He from solar nebula Lost to solar wind 2nd atmosphere H20, CO2 and SO2 from From Volcanoes Transformed by photosynthesis Current atmosphere N2, O2, from photosynthesis and constant N2 production Nitrogen fixing + continued photosynthesis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 178. 1st atmosphere H and He from solar nebula Lost to solar wind 2nd atmosphere H20, CO2 and SO2 from From Volcanoes Transformed by photosynthesis Current atmosphere N2, O2, from photosynthesis and constant N2 production Nitrogen fixing + continued photosynthesis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 179. 1st atmosphere H and He from solar nebula Lost to solar wind 2nd atmosphere H20, CO2 and SO2 from From Volcanoes Transformed by photosynthesis Current atmosphere N2, O2, from photosynthesis and constant N2 production Nitrogen fixing + continued photosynthesis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 180.  Tourism
  • 181.  Tourism
  • 182.  Tourism Hope I’m the only one at the top
  • 183.  Tourism Hope I’m the only one at the top
  • 184. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of healthy gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 185. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of healthy gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 186. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of healthy gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 187. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions destroyed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 188. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions destroyed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 189. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions destroyed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 190. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 191. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) New land is formed C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 192. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) New land is formed C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 193. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) New land is formed C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 194. • Which of the following is not a negative of volcanoes? A.) Death and Destruction. B.) Loss of land and permanent loss of structures. C.) Release of poisonous gases. D.) Eruptions can have a tremendous impact on global climate. E.) Mass extinctions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 195. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash destroys land forever. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 196. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash destroys land forever. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 197. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash destroys land forever. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 198. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.)Tourism. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 199. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.) Death and Destruction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 200. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.) Death and Destruction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 201. • Which of the following is not a positive of volcanoes? • A.) New Land is formed. • B.) Release of healthy gases. • C.) Many gems and ores worth $. • D.) Hominids used obsidian (cutting tools) to advance. • E.) Volcanic ash fertilizes the land. • F.) Volcanic eruptions formed oceans and early atmosphere. • G.) Tourism Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 202. • You can now complete this question.
  • 203. • You can now complete this question.
  • 204.  Types of volcanoes  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Types of Volcanoes. Learn more at… http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/vwlessons/lessons/lesson6.h tml
  • 205.  Fissure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 206.  Shield. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 207.  Shield. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 208.  Shield. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The lava has a relatively low viscosity (low resistance to flow) the lava can travel far from the vent creating shield.
  • 209. • Olympus Mons on the planet Mars was an active shield volcano. – Largest volcano / Mt in the solar system.
  • 210.  Dome
  • 211.  Dome
  • 212.  Dome
  • 213.  Dome
  • 214.  Dome Slow release of highly viscous silica-rich magma. Doesn’t flow well and travels slow
  • 215.  Ash Cinder Erupting gases carry lava into the atmosphere to form lava fountains. The lava blobs commonly solidify during flight through the air before landing on the ground.
  • 216.  Ash Cinder
  • 217.  Ash Cinder Erupting gases carry lava into the atmosphere to form lava fountains. The lava blobs commonly solidify during flight through the air before landing on the ground.
  • 218.  Ash Cinder Erupting gases carry lava into the atmosphere to form lava fountains. The lava blobs commonly solidify during flight through the air before landing on the ground.
  • 219. • Which is a dome volcano, and which is an ash cinder volcano? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 220. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  • 221. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  • 222. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  • 223. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  • 224. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer:
  • 225. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Answer: Ash Cinder
  • 226.  Composite or Stratovolcano. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 227. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 228. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy High viscosity (Doesn’t flow well) Andesite magma mainly of fragmental debris.
  • 229.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 230.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 231.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 232.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 233.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 234.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 235.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 236.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 237.  Caldera Volcano: Large crater caused by the violent explosion of a volcano that collapses into a depression.
  • 238. • Video Link! What type of volcano are we looking at? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
  • 239. • Video Link! What type of volcano are we looking at? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
  • 240. • Video Link! What type of volcano are we looking at? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VG3YunIcZ54
  • 241. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 242. • Name that type of Volcano. 1-10. – Word Bank: Fissure, Shield, Dome, Ash Cinder, Composite or Stratovolcano, Caldera. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 243. • Bonus! Who is this falling into the volcano within Mt. Doom?
  • 244. • Bonus: What movie is this? I think it has something to do with a volcano?
  • 245. • Answers. 1-10. – Word Bank: Fissure, Shield, Dome, Ash Cinder, Composite or Stratovolcano, Caldera. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 246. • Bonus! Who is this falling into the volcano within Mt. Doom?
  • 247. • Bonus! Gollum from The LOTR.
  • 248. • Bonus: What movie is this? I think it has something to do with a volcano?
  • 249. • Bonus: Spy Kids.
  • 250. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 251. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 252.  Pyroclasitc flow: A fast-moving avalanche of hot lava fragments. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 253. • Video! Pyroclastic Flow – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPRoTQYX wuY Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 254.  Pyroclastic rock: Rock ejected from a volcano. (Volcanic Bombs) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 255.  Lahar: A flow of volcanic ash and water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 256. • A lahar is often produced when a snow- capped volcano erupts and hot pyroclastics melt a large amount of snow or ice. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 257. • A lahar is often produced when a snow- capped volcano erupts and hot pyroclastics melt a large amount of snow or ice. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Snowmelt mixed with ash
  • 258. • Tacoma, Washington is built on an old lahar / lahar danger zone from Mt. Rainer. – City of 200,000 people.
  • 259. • Video! Small lahar footage. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WEAfXO7q8Xs
  • 260. • Video of lahar near Mt. Marapi • http://vimeo.com/17678904
  • 261. The big Idea that volcanoes have lahars, pyroclastic flows, eruptions, and have hot lava…
  • 262. • Please sketch / label the main features of a stratovolcano. (Use the word bank next slide)
  • 263. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 264. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 265. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 266. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 267. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 268. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 269. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 270. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 271. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 272. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 273. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 274. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 275. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 276. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 277. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 278. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 279. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 280. Ash cloud, Volcanic Bombs, Secondary Cone Secondary Vent Lava Flow Main Vent, Magma Chamber, Crater, Pyroclastic Flow
  • 281. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  • 282. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  • 283. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  • 284. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact. Sulfuric acid and hydrogen chlorides
  • 285. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  • 286. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact.
  • 287. A crater is a steep walled depression located at the summit of a volcano. A crater can also be produced by a meteorite impact. A caldera is a large depression in a volcano formed either by the collapse of the top of a composite volcano after an explosive eruption, or from the collapse of the top of a shield volcano after the magma chamber is drained.
  • 288. • Activity – Making a cheesy volcano
  • 289. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 290. 1.) Select the type of volcano you are going to create. 2.) Work inside tray to keep activity clean. 3.) Use the film canister to hold magma. 4.) Use clay and filler to surround canister. 5.) Label parts of the volcano with toothpicks and labeled flags. 6.) Add baking soda, a drop of food coloring and some dishwater detergent. 7.) Add Vinegar at end. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 291. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up Film Canister Plate / Tray
  • 292. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up Clay
  • 293. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up
  • 294. • Building a cheesy volcano set-up Rim Vent Label the parts with toothpick and tape – Parts are on the next series of slides
  • 295. Hold off on the eruption for now. It will come soon.
  • 296. • You can now complete parts to this question on the bundled homework.
  • 297. • Learning the difference between lava and magma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 298.  Magma is beneath the earths surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 299.  Magma is beneath the earths surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 300.  Lava is above the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 301.  Lava is above the surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 302. • This is lava
  • 303. • This is lava.
  • 304. • This is magma, why isn’t it a photo?
  • 305. • Is this Magma or Lava?
  • 306. • Answer! Lava
  • 307. • Answer! Magma is beneath the crust. “You can’t see Magma because then it’s lava or you would be dead.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 308. • Lava's composition determines its behavior more than the temperature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 309.  3 types of lava  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 310. • What happens when you blow into a milkshake? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 311. • Answer!
  • 312.  Felsic lava: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 313.  Felsic lava: High in silica. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 314.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 315.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 316.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 317.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 318.  Felsic lava: High in silica. (Sticky and chunky) Highly explosive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 319. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 320. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “That is one large explosion!”
  • 321. • Felsic lava usually forms composite or Strato-volcano’s. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “That is one large explosion!”
  • 322. • Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
  • 323. • Video Link! Amazing Volcanic Eruption! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iCGgnYNJNLU
  • 324.  Mafic lava: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 325.  Mafic lava: Flows more, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 326.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 327.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 328.  Mafic lava: Flows more, high in basalt. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 329. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 330. • Mafic lava usually forms shields and domes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 331. • Video Link! Optional. Carbonatite Lava from Oldoinyo Lengai Tanzania. Very rare occurrence. Lowest temp lava. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qputaVyn7TE http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbonatite
  • 332.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  • 333.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  • 334.  Intermediate: Has a higher amount of silica (Silica = liquid quartz or sand)
  • 335. • Eruption time: Add vinegar to the top the volcano. • Can you identify any parts of the eruption? Vinegar
  • 336. Ash Cloud
  • 337. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock
  • 338. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar
  • 339. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel
  • 340. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes
  • 341. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  • 342. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  • 343. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Pyroclasitic Flow Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow
  • 344. Ash Cloud Pyroclastic Rock Pyroclasitic Flow Lahar Disrupted air travel Climatic Changes Lava flow Death and Destruction
  • 345. Any Positives?
  • 346. New Land
  • 347. New Land Fertile Soils
  • 348. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere
  • 349. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores
  • 350. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores Tourism
  • 351. New Land Fertile Soils Creation of Atmosphere Gems and Ores Tourism Maybe?
  • 352. • Please clear your area and listen to your teacher. “Let’s clean up this mess so we can make another.”
  • 353.  Viscosity: Resistance of liquid to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 354.  High Viscosity = Travels slow because of high resistance.
  • 355.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance.
  • 356.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 357.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 358.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 359.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 360.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 361.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 362.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 363.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 364.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 365.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 366.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 367.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 368.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 369.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 370.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 371.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 372.  Low Viscosity = Travels fast because of low resistance. Note: This topic is being covered now as the type of volcano that is formed has a lot to do with the lavas viscosity.
  • 373. • Activity! What is more viscous? – Remember, Viscosity is resistance to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 374. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 375. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 376. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 377. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 378. • Answer! The peanut butter doesn’t flow as much as the ketchup so it has a higher viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 379. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  • 380. • Activity! The Condiment Olympics. – Official / ceremony / entrance of the condiments required. Volunteers needed to march each condiment into the classroom. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EbHw8DBCXQ8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 381. • Create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Condiment Finish Time Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup (Fake) Chocolate Syrup Mystery Fluid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 382. • Create the following spreadsheet in your journal. Condiment Finish Time Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup (Fake) Chocolate Syrup Mystery Fluid Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 383. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table.
  • 384. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line.
  • 385. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race.
  • 386. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race. – Record the times each condiment takes to cross the finish line. (DNF = Did Not Finish) –I needed green text here to complete the Olympic colors.
  • 387. • Activity! Viscosity. – Lay tray on table. – Place condiments at one side along a starting line. – Use textbooks or manually raise tray just off the vertical at start of race. – Record the times each condiment takes to cross the finish line. (DNF = Did Not Finish) –I needed green text here to complete the Olympic colors.
  • 388. • Visual of Set-Up Top View Side View Start Finish
  • 389. • Alternative Methods. – Fill graduated cylinders with various clear fluids. – Gently place a marble into the cylinder and record the time it takes for the marble to reach the bottom. – Record on time spreadsheet and graph. Side View Start Finish
  • 390. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 391. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 392. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 393. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 394. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 395. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar LineA line graph could become confusing in this case
  • 396. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 397. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar Line
  • 398. • Please graph your findings. You decide which graph will work the best. Pie Column Bar LineYou may begin creating your graph now.
  • 399. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  • 400. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? – Name five other things and describe their probable viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 401. • Graph of Possible Outcomes 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Mustard Ketchup Jelly Maple Syrup Chocolate Syrup Mystery
  • 402. • Viscosity Olympics Available Sheet
  • 403. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 404. • Questions? – Which substance had the highest viscosity and why? – Answer: Answers will vary based on the brand. Generally, the ketchup, mustard, and jelly was the slowest down the ramp and demonstrated most resistance to flow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 405. • Questions? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 406. • Questions? – Which substance had the lowest viscosity and why? – Answer: The real maple syrup had the lowest viscosity and traveled quickly down the ramp on to the floor almost immediately after putting it on the ramp. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 407. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano
  • 408. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano Higher Viscosity
  • 409. • Which volcano will explode? Mustard Volcano Maple Syrup Volcano Higher Viscosity Low Viscosity
  • 410. • Do Basaltic (Mafic) lavas have a high or low viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 411. • Answer! Basaltic / Mafic Lavas have a low viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 412. • Do Granitic (Felsic) lava’s have a high or low viscosity? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 413. • Answer! Granitic / Felsic lavas have a high viscosity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 414. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 415. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 416. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 417. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 418. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 419. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 420. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 421. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 422. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 423. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 424. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 425. • Questions? – Name five other fluids and describe their probable viscosity? – Vegetable Oil: Low Viscosity – Peanut Butter: High Viscosity – Toothpaste: High Viscosity – Hair Gel: High Viscosity – Soda: Low Viscosity Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 426. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  • 427. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  • 428.  Types of lava when cooled.  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 429.  'A'ā: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 430.  'A'ā: Rough lava, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 431.  'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has crystalized, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 432.  'A'ā: Rough lava, older and has crystalized, Pronounced “ahh ahh” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 433. • Why do you think it’s called 'A'ā lava? – You are a native Hawaiian hundreds of years ago before Nike sneakers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 434. “Aloha” “It is called because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  • 435. “Aloha” “It is called 'A'ā because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  • 436. “Aloha” “It is called 'A'ā because that’s what you say when you walk on it.” “Ah” “Ah”
  • 437.  Pāhoehoe: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 438.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 439.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 440.  Pāhoehoe: (Pa hoy hoy) Fresh lava, Basaltic lava that is smooth and flowing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 441. • Which type of magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) is shown below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 442. • Answer! “Did I trick you?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 443. • Which type of Magma ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 444. • Which type of lava ('A'ā or Pāhoehoe) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 445. • Answer! Pāhoehoe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 446. • Which Type of Lava? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 447. • Answer 'A'ā. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 448. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 449. • Quiz 1-10 (Stand and make correct sign) • Pahoehoe, or 'A'ā. + Say on command. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 450. • #11 Bonus – These creatures live in an old lava chamber.
  • 451. • You can now complete this viscosity question.
  • 452. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 453. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 454. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 455. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 456. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 457. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 458. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 459. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 460. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 461. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 462. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 463. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 464. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 465. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 466. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 467. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 468. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 469. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 470. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 471. • Volcanoes Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • 472. • You can now record information in the white space around the following drawings. – Color only the drawings not the white space.
  • 473. • Activity! Volcanoes Review Game Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 474. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  • 475. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.earthmagazine.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  • 476. • Video Link! In the Path of a Killer Volcano. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z80uSliaUtg (56 mins. About Pinatubo Eruption) 1991
  • 477. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 478. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks., Age of the Earth, Uniformitarianism, Principle of Superposition, Earth History, Time Units, Timeline of Events, Basic Evolution, Mass Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, Early Mammals, and more.
  • 479. • This was a very brief tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  • 480. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  • 481. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 482. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  • 483. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link: