• Warning! Quiz Wiz on names / Life Cycle
of a Salmon.
– 2 minutes to study this page.
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
New Area of Focus: Salmon and Fish.New Area of Focus: Salmon and Fish.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Graph showing declining salmon
population on the Columbia River.
• Graph showing declining salmon
population on the Columbia River.
• Salmon are a very important food source
for the following organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Salmon are a very important food source
for the following organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Salmon is a very healthy fish to eat.
• Activity Video Link! Salmon.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhqZyrNzW_4
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! John West (For Fun)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVS1UfCfxlU
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Aquaculture / Fish Farms are used to raise
salmon for human consumption.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Salmon Life Cycles.
Learn more at…
http://...
Anadromous fish:Anadromous fish:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can anyone correctly
pronounce Anadromous?
http://howjsa...
Anadromous fish: Fish born in freshwaterAnadromous fish: Fish born in freshwater
then migrate to the ocean to grow intoth...
• Warning! Quiz Wiz on names / Life Cycle
of a Salmon.
– 2 minutes to study this page.
• Bonus: What is the sharks name in
Finding Nemo?
• Answers! 1-5 Life Cycle of a Salmon.
• Bonus: What is the sharks name in
Finding Nemo?
• Bonus: What is the sharks name in
Finding Nemo?
• You can now complete this question.
• Video Link! Salmon Life Cycle (For real)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DqjsWsY8-g
Systems to help SalmonSystems to help Salmon
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish bypass (going downstream)Fish bypass (going downstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This is what happens without a fish
bypass system!
Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This Juvenile Transport Vessel
col...
Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Many juvenile fish die in the
tran...
• Once you’ve made it to the ocean life is still
difficult because you have many predators.
• Once the fish have become adults and
begin their migration back up the river…
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fish Ladders. Learn more at…
http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,457
0,7-153-10364_52259_19092-
46291--,00.html
Protection of spawning grounds.Protection of spawning grounds.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• This is what happens after you spawn.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
The nutrients in the salmon
(Phosphorus and Nitrogen) are given
to the forest ecosystem.
Birds, Bears, and other animals
eat the salmon and fertilize the
forest with their scat (feces).
• Activity! Salmon and Dam Article.
– Please read the article and answer the
questions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Salmon Simulation
– Must follow rules.
– Must act safe.
– This is a scientific simulation, no cheaters please....
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Two students will be spinning a
jump rope.
Two students will be spinning a
jump rope.
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
• If you do survive to spawn you die shortly
afterwards.
– (You get a 5 minute nap on the mat before death)
Copyright © 20...
Ocean
Fishing Boat
Ocean
Predators
Safety /
Energy
Fish
Ladder
Cliff
Turbine
/ Dam
River Zone
Predators
Safe
Copyright © 2...
• Salmon Song (Optional) I will Survive
– Background music while you answer questions on
the next slide.
– http://www.yout...
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was life like as a salmon?
– What was the hardest part?
– What was your survival / ...
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was life like as a salmon?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was life like as a salmon?
– Answer: Very difficult! Most of you died more
often th...
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was the hardest part?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was the hardest part?
– Answer: The whole simulation was difficult.
The turbine and...
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was your survival / death rate?
• How many times did you die vs. spawn?
• Bar graph...
• Questions: Salmon Simulation.
– What was your survival / death rate?
• How many times did you die vs. spawn?
• Bar graph...
• You can now complete this question.
New Area of Focus: FishNew Area of Focus: Fish
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Fish can be very large like this whale
shark.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Fish can be very small like the
Paedocypris progenetica.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Fish can be very small like the
Paedocypris progenetica.
– It is the world's smallest vertebrate or
backboned animal.
Co...
• Fish can be very small like the
Paedocypris progenetica.
– It is the world's smallest vertebrate or
backboned animal.
Co...
Fish…Fish…
--
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Cold-blooded.Cold-blooded.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Have fins.Have fins.
• Flying Fish.
• Video Link! (Optional) Flying Fish,
– Adapted fins for airborne escape from predators.
• First half of video are fish fl...
Have backbones.Have backbones.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Fish are bony, others have cartilage.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Fish are bony, others have cartilage.
• Which is a bony fish, and which is a
cartilage fish?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Fish are bony, others have cartilage.
• Which is a bony fish, and which is a
cartilage fish?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Fish are bony, others have cartilage.
• Which is a bony fish, and which is a
cartilage fish?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Fish are bony, others have cartilage.
• Which is a bony fish, and which is a
cartilage fish?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Fish are bony, others have cartilage.
• Which is a bony fish, and which is a
cartilage fish?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Answer! Sharks have cartilage for bones.
Cartilage is heavy and sharks sink unless
the constantly swim.
Copyright © 2010...
• Answer! Sharks have cartilage for bones.
Cartilage is heavy and sharks sink unless
the constantly swim. 95% of fish have...
Have scalesHave scales
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Gills.Gills.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Labeling parts of a fish.
– Please draw the mystery fish given to you.
– Label as many parts as you can using ...
• Activity! Labeling parts of a fish.
– Please draw the mystery fish given to you.
– Label as many parts as you can using ...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Choose 4 additional terms
on the next slide to add to
your fish sketch and then
you can e...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity: Fashion a Fish.
– Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body
type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproduct...
• Activity: Fashion a Fish.
– Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body
type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproduct...
• Activity: Fashion a Fish.
– Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body
type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproduct...
• Fish are very diverse and come in many
sizes and shapes.
• Flat Bellied – for laying on the bottom.
• Flat Bellied – for laying on the bottom.
• Torpedo Shaped – For speed.
• Torpedo Shaped – For speed.
• Hump backed: Stable in fast moving
water.
• Hump backed: Stable in fast moving
water.
• Vertical Disk: Feeds above or below.
• Vertical Disk: Feeds above or below.
• Horizontal Disk: Bottom Dweller
• Horizontal Disk: Bottom Dweller
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below? Vertical Disk
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below? Humpback
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below? Bottom Dweller
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below? Torpedo
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below? Flat Bellied
• Which symbol best represents the body
shape of the fish below?
“Enough of me,
let’s discuss
mouthparts .”
• Sucker Shaped Mouth: Feeds on small
plants and animals. Bottom feeding
• Sucker Shaped Mouth: Feeds on small
plants and animals. Bottom feeding
• Activity! Fish Mouths.
– Who can make the best fish mouth?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Elongated Upper Jaw: Feeds on prey it
looks down upon.
• Elongated Upper Jaw: Feeds on prey it
looks down upon.
• Elongated Lower Jaw: Feeds on Prey
that it sees above.
• Elongated Lower Jaw: Feeds on Prey
that it sees above.
• Extremely Large Jaws: Surrounds and
engulfs prey.
• Extremely Large Jaws: Surrounds and
engulfs prey.
• Duckbill Jaws: For snatching and
grasping prey on the move.
• Duckbill Jaws: For snatching and
grasping prey on the move.
• Which mouth is best adapted to eat
organisms from the bottom?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Which mouth is best adapted to
eat organisms from the bottom?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which mouth is best adapted to eat
organisms from the surface or above?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Which mouth is best adapted to
eat organisms from the surface or above?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which mouth is best adapted to eat
organisms swimming through the water?
• Which mouth is best adapted to eat
organisms swimming through the water?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below? Elongate Lower Jaw
Lower
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below? Sucker Mouth
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below? Large Jaws
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below? Elongate Upper Jaw
UPPER
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the mouth
type of the fish below? Duck Billed
• Video Link! (Optional) The Goblin Shark.
– A very unique mouth on a very unique shark.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=...
• Video Link. Fish Anatomy Review.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=WGbqaayGCRA first few minutes.
• Fish Coloration
• Mottled Coloration: Can hide in rock and
on bottom.
• Mottled Coloration: Can hide in rock and
on bottom.
• Horizontal Stripes: Can hide in vegetation
well.
• Horizontal Stripes: Can hide in vegetation
well.
• Vertical Stripes: Also for blending into the
vegetation.
• Vertical Stripes: Also for blending into the
vegetation.
• Dark Upperside: Difficult to see the fish
from above.
• Dark Upperside: Difficult to see the fish
from above.
Looking at shark from above
• Video (Optional) Great White Shark.
• Check out the sharks counter
shadowing.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n-
t2ayKa...
• Light Colored Belly: Predators have
difficulty seeing from below.
• Light Colored Belly: Predators have
difficulty seeing from below.
Looking at shark from
below.
Counter shadowingCounter shadowing
Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above
Light bottom – can’t ...
Counter shadowingCounter shadowing
Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above
Light bottom – can’t ...
Counter shadowingCounter shadowing
Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above
Light bottom – can’t ...
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below? Dark Upperside
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below? Vertical Stripes
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below? Mottled Coloration
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below? Horizontal Stripes
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the color
pattern of the fish below? Light Colored Belly
• Fish have varying methods of reproduction
strategies.
• Eggs Deposited on bottom: Eggs are
hidden from predators.
• Eggs Deposited on bottom: Eggs are
hidden from predators.
• Eggs deposited in nests: Adults stay to
protect the eggs. Increases survival.
• Eggs deposited in nests: Adults stay to
protect the eggs. Increases survival.
• Floating Eggs: Dispersed in high
numbers. Many die, but many are laid.
• Floating Eggs: Dispersed in high
numbers. Many die, but many are laid.
• Eggs attached to vegetation: They are
kept stable until hatching.
• Eggs attached to vegetation: They are
kept stable until hatching.
• Live Bearers: Low numbers but high
survival rate.
• Live Bearers: Low numbers but high
survival rate.
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below? Free Floating Eggs
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below? Deposited in nests
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below? On vegetation
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below? Live Bearers
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below?
• Which symbol best represents the birth
type of the fish below? Eggs of Bottom
• Try and name the pictures associated with
the fish.
– There can be more than one.
• Activity: Fashion a Fish.
– Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body
type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproduct...
• Activity! Fashion a Fish Example
• Must have supportive text.
• Well written and neat. Horizontal
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Coloration- Dark
...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Coloration- Dark
...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Coloration- Dark
...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Coloration- Dark
...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Coloration- Dark
...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dorsal fin for
stability through
the water with
barbs to sting
predators
Coloration- Dark
...
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What if ice sank? How would the world be
different as we know it?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The world would be a much
different place.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Ice would form and then sink to the bottom.
On the next cold day / night more ice would
form and sink.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• This process would continue until the lake
was frozen solid.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Aquatic organisms would die, the planets
climate would shift dramatically as the ice at
the poles would accumulate.
– Li...
• What’s a Turnover?
• What’s a Turnover?
• Answer: A dish made by folding a pastry
over some filling.
• What’s a turnover?
• What’s a turnover?
• Answer: A turnover is when the team with
the ball loses possession of the ball, which
is then gaine...
• What’s a Turnover?
• Answer: Measures how long a fund holds on
to the stocks it buys. The longer a mutual fund
holds on ...
• What’s a Turnover?
• Answer: Measures how long a fund holds on
to the stocks it buys. The longer a mutual fund
holds on ...
• What’s turnover?
• What’s turnover?
• Answer: The rate at which an employer
gains and loses employees.
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer:
• What’s Lake Turnover?
• Answer: A process where the layers that
form in a lake are mixed seasonally.
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Lake Turnover…
– Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper
layers of water get cold.
– Wind and chop mix the upper lay...
• Please draw the following in your journal.
– (About ½ Page)
Epilimnion
Epilimnion
• Epilimnion: The upper layer in a layered
lake.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Epilimnion
Thermocline
• Thermocline: A layer within a body of water
where the temperature changes rapidly with
depth.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Low Oxygen
because isolated
from oxygen
sources.
• Cold water fish such as trout and salmon
enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen
levels of the thermocline.
Copyright ©...
• Cold water fish such as trout and salmon
enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen
levels of the thermocline.
Copyright ©...
• Cold water fish such as trout and salmon
enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen
levels of the thermocline.
Copyright ©...
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Hypolimnion
• Hypolimnion - The bottom and most dense
layer of water in a lake. Non-circulatory and
remains cold throughout the year
C...
Epilimnion
Thermocline
Hypolimnion
Summer Stagnation
in a Lake
• Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
• Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
– Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food
coloring)
– Very hot water (red...
• Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
– Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food
coloring)
– Very hot water (red...
• Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
– Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food
coloring)
– Very hot water (red...
• Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
– Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food
coloring)
– Very hot water (red...
• Activity! Set-up of Lake Turnover.
Cold
Hot
Device to prevent
mixing
Remove after.
• Activity! Lake Turnover.
– Please observe the layering of the Lake in
summer (Start)
– Teacher will ask students to blow...
• Activity! Lake Turnover
– Please sketch the following in your journal.
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation...
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Layers form under ice
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover
Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Lake Turnover Question.
– Please describe in three sentences how a
lake changes throughout the year.
Copyright...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a
lake goes through many changes. In the
summer the lake has three distinct layers...
• You can now
complete this
question on
your homework
packet about
lake turnover.
• Make sure to
use color for
this questi...
• Video Link! Lake Turnover (Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSFSNTI67wc
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– When you think you know, raise your hand.
You only get one guess.
Co...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– When you think you know, raise your hand.
You only get one guess.
Co...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– When you think you know, raise your hand.
You only get one guess.
Co...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Rivers, Lakes and Water Quality
Review Game.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What happens in your fish tank if you don’t
clean it after a long time?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What happens in your fish tank if you don’t
clean it after a long time?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What happens in your fish tank if you don’t
clean it after a long time?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What happens in your fish tank if you don’t
clean it after a long time?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Area of focus: Nutrients and AquaticArea of focus: Nutrients and Aquatic
Systems.Systems.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please set up three containers with pond or
stream water.
– Have one be control with ju...
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
– What does fertilizer do to an a...
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
– Please sketch what the four containers look
like now.
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
• What does fertilizer do to an aquatic
system?
Control Low Medium High
• Experiment from two weeks ago.
• What does fertilizer do to an aquatic
system?
• Answer: The nitrogen and phosphorus
cau...
• This bloom occurs from excess nutrients
and sunlight.
– Nutrients include Nitrogen and Phosphorus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
Draw three Lakes – Add the appropriate
colors and vegetation to each box.
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2...
Draw three Lakes – Add the appropriate
colors and vegetation to each box.
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2...
Draw three Lakes – Add the appropriate
colors and vegetation to each box.
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2...
• Oligotrophic
– Describes a lake or river with low productivity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mesotrophic
– Production is considered moderate.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eutrophic
• Having concentrations of nutrients optimal or
for plant or animal growth. It is used to
describe nutrient or...
• Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is
Eutrophic?
• Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is
Eutrophic?
• Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is
Eutrophic?
• Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is
Eutrophic?
• Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is
Eutrophic?
• Eutrophication.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Please draw the following
• Half of a page to a full page.
Don’t color yet
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Fertilizers Human Waste
Manure
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Darn you extra
phosphorus and
nitrogen” “Darn
you.”
• How does excess nitrogen and phosphorus enter an
aquatic system?
– What type of effects can it have if there is too much...
Eutrophication.Eutrophication.
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Aquatic plants use Phosphorus andAquatic plants use Phosphorus and
Nitrogen and grow out of control.Nitrogen and grow out...
Plants then overpopulate and die.Plants then overpopulate and die.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bacteria break down dead plants andBacteria break down dead plants and
use oxygen in water (respiration).use oxygen in wa...
Bacteria break down dead plants andBacteria break down dead plants and
use oxygen in water (respiration).use oxygen in wa...
Bacteria break down dead plants andBacteria break down dead plants and
use oxygen in water (respiration).use oxygen in wa...
Bacteria break down dead plants andBacteria break down dead plants and
use oxygen in water (respiration).use oxygen in wa...
No oxygen left for fish / other aquaticNo oxygen left for fish / other aquatic
life and they die.life and they die.
Copyr...
– No oxygen left for fish / other aquaticNo oxygen left for fish / other aquatic
life and they die.life and they die.
Copy...
– No oxygen left for fish / other aquaticNo oxygen left for fish / other aquatic
life and they die.life and they die.
Copy...
• Which side was given phosphorus in this
water quality study?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! No nutrients Nutrients (N, P)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! No nutrients Nutrients (N, P)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Nutrient Pollution. Learn
more at…
http://www.epa....
• Activity 1-10 – Olgiotrophic, Mesotrophic,
or Eutrophic or Eutrophication
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
3
6
9
• Bonus! Name the movie.
• Answers 1-10 – Olgiotrophic, Mesotrophic,
or Eutrophic or Eutrophication
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
3
3
6
6
9
9
• Bonus! Name the movie.
• Bonus! Name the movie. Happy Gilmore
“Hey Happy.”
“Let me tell you
about nutrient
pollution.”
• You can now complete these questions on
page 10 of your bundled homework.
• Try and be the first to identify the image beneath
the squares.
– Raise you hand if you think you know. You only get
one...
• Try Again! Be the first to identify the image
beneath the squares.
– Raise you hand if you think you know. You only get
...
Nitrogen and
Phosphorus
Nitrogen and
Phosphorus
Healthy Plants
Nitrogen and
Phosphorus
Run-off
Nutrient
Pollution
“Darn you extra
phosphorus and
nitrogen” “Darn you.”
• You can now record information in the
white space and then neatly color the
pictures.
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
1
1
2
3
Please record
information in this
space about the
salmon simulation
• Activity! Flooding, Levees, Dams, Salmon,
Fish, Lakes Review Game
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• Information Cited
– This section is currently under construction. Thank you to all
sources of information. Without your ...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
• This PowerPoint is only small part of my Rivers,
Lakes, and Water Quality Unit.
– This unit includes a four part 2,150 s...
Areas of Focus within The Rivers and Water Quality Unit:
Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Par...
http://www.teacherspay
teachers.com/Product/P
hysical-Science-
Curriculum-596485
http://www.teachersp
ayteachers.com/Produ...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found
at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel
free to contact me with any...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
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sciencepowerpoint.com delivers a four part 2150+ slide PowerPoint slideshow becomes the roadmap for an amazing and interactive science experience. Complete with bundled homework package, many built-in quizzes, hands-on activities with directions, unit notes, answer keys, video links, rubrics, review games, and much more.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information.
Areas of Focus within The Rivers Unit -Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Parts of River (Vocabulary), Stream Order, Erosion and Deposition, Water Quality, Chemical Properties of Water, Bio-Indicators of Water Quality (EPT richness), Physical Properties of Water Quality, Rivers and Flooding, Factors that Control Flooding, Types of Flooding, Tsunami's, Wetlands, Flood Prevention, Levees, Dams and Ecosystem, Importance of Dams, Impacts of Dams, Hydropower, Parts of Dam, Salmon (Life Cycle), Systems of Help Salmon, Fish (General), Layering in a Lake, Lake Turnover, Nutrients and Lakes.
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks + PowerPoint Review Games
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint.com

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Salmon and Fish Unit PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Warning! Quiz Wiz on names / Life Cycle of a Salmon. – 2 minutes to study this page.
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  6. 6. New Area of Focus: Salmon and Fish.New Area of Focus: Salmon and Fish. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • Graph showing declining salmon population on the Columbia River.
  8. 8. • Graph showing declining salmon population on the Columbia River.
  9. 9. • Salmon are a very important food source for the following organisms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Salmon are a very important food source for the following organisms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Salmon is a very healthy fish to eat.
  12. 12. • Activity Video Link! Salmon. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BhqZyrNzW_4 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Video Link! John West (For Fun) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CVS1UfCfxlU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Aquaculture / Fish Farms are used to raise salmon for human consumption. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. Life Cycle of a Salmon:Life Cycle of a Salmon: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Salmon Life Cycles. Learn more at… http://www.fishex.com/ seafood/salmon/salmon- life-cycles.html
  23. 23. Anadromous fish:Anadromous fish: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Can anyone correctly pronounce Anadromous? http://howjsay.com/index.php?word=anadromous&submit=Submit
  24. 24. Anadromous fish: Fish born in freshwaterAnadromous fish: Fish born in freshwater then migrate to the ocean to grow intothen migrate to the ocean to grow into adults, and then return to freshwater toadults, and then return to freshwater to spawn.spawn. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Warning! Quiz Wiz on names / Life Cycle of a Salmon. – 2 minutes to study this page.
  26. 26. • Bonus: What is the sharks name in Finding Nemo?
  27. 27. • Answers! 1-5 Life Cycle of a Salmon.
  28. 28. • Bonus: What is the sharks name in Finding Nemo?
  29. 29. • Bonus: What is the sharks name in Finding Nemo?
  30. 30. • You can now complete this question.
  31. 31. • Video Link! Salmon Life Cycle (For real) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5DqjsWsY8-g
  32. 32. Systems to help SalmonSystems to help Salmon -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. Fish bypass (going downstream)Fish bypass (going downstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. This is what happens without a fish bypass system!
  35. 35. Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Juvenile Transport Vessel collects small fish at dams and then transports them via lock system to the ocean.
  37. 37. Stocking and transportationStocking and transportation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Many juvenile fish die in the transportation process.
  38. 38. • Once you’ve made it to the ocean life is still difficult because you have many predators.
  39. 39. • Once the fish have become adults and begin their migration back up the river…
  40. 40. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. Fish Ladder (going upstream)Fish Ladder (going upstream) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. Fish Ladders. Learn more at… http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,457 0,7-153-10364_52259_19092- 46291--,00.html
  48. 48. Protection of spawning grounds.Protection of spawning grounds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • This is what happens after you spawn. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. The nutrients in the salmon (Phosphorus and Nitrogen) are given to the forest ecosystem.
  51. 51. Birds, Bears, and other animals eat the salmon and fertilize the forest with their scat (feces).
  52. 52. • Activity! Salmon and Dam Article. – Please read the article and answer the questions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Activity! Salmon Simulation – Must follow rules. – Must act safe. – This is a scientific simulation, no cheaters please. – Tally your successes vs. death in journal. – Map of playing area on next slide. – Teacher to rotate in predators. – Collect food source in ocean and when you have collected enough (teacher sets amount) you can enter the river. – If you get out as a salmon, log it, and then get back in line and try again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Under hand toss of foam ball
  55. 55. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Under hand toss of foam ball
  56. 56. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Freshwater fish eats small Alevin (Stationary but can tag)
  57. 57. Two students will be spinning a jump rope.
  58. 58. Two students will be spinning a jump rope.
  59. 59. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Two students with jump rope (Dam Turbine) get hit and your out.
  60. 60. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A few students must tag salmon (they have to run dragging a cardboard box by one foot.
  61. 61. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Fishing boat can try and encircle salmon (drag on ground) -Salmon can’t jump over rope.
  62. 62. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Food in Ocean
  63. 63. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Food in Ocean River
  64. 64. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Must jump from hoop to hoop without missing.
  65. 65. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy High Jump for final waterfall to reach the spawning grounds.
  66. 66. • If you do survive to spawn you die shortly afterwards. – (You get a 5 minute nap on the mat before death) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. Ocean Fishing Boat Ocean Predators Safety / Energy Fish Ladder Cliff Turbine / Dam River Zone Predators Safe Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Salmon Song (Optional) I will Survive – Background music while you answer questions on the next slide. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qV30UZ9aF04
  69. 69. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was life like as a salmon? – What was the hardest part? – What was your survival / death rate? • How many times did you die vs. spawn? • Bar graph your findings • If you survived, how did you do it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was life like as a salmon? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was life like as a salmon? – Answer: Very difficult! Most of you died more often than spawned. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was the hardest part? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was the hardest part? – Answer: The whole simulation was difficult. The turbine and predators in the ocean were difficult. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was your survival / death rate? • How many times did you die vs. spawn? • Bar graph your findings • If you survived, how did you do it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Questions: Salmon Simulation. – What was your survival / death rate? • How many times did you die vs. spawn? • Bar graph your findings • If you survived, how did you do it? • Survived 2 times, Died 26 times – I survived because the others in front of me got eaten and I got lucky (Survival of the Fittest?) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Spawned Died
  76. 76. • You can now complete this question.
  77. 77. New Area of Focus: FishNew Area of Focus: Fish Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Fish can be very large like this whale shark. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Fish can be very small like the Paedocypris progenetica. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Fish can be very small like the Paedocypris progenetica. – It is the world's smallest vertebrate or backboned animal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • Fish can be very small like the Paedocypris progenetica. – It is the world's smallest vertebrate or backboned animal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. Fish…Fish… -- -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83.  Cold-blooded.Cold-blooded. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. Have fins.Have fins.
  85. 85. • Flying Fish.
  86. 86. • Video Link! (Optional) Flying Fish, – Adapted fins for airborne escape from predators. • First half of video are fish flying, second half is flying fish reproduction. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8nEwte-x-iw
  87. 87. Have backbones.Have backbones. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Fish are bony, others have cartilage. • Which is a bony fish, and which is a cartilage fish? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Answer! Sharks have cartilage for bones. Cartilage is heavy and sharks sink unless the constantly swim. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Answer! Sharks have cartilage for bones. Cartilage is heavy and sharks sink unless the constantly swim. 95% of fish have bones. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. Have scalesHave scales Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. Gills.Gills. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Activity! Labeling parts of a fish. – Please draw the mystery fish given to you. – Label as many parts as you can using the key on the next slide. – Add features to your drawing not present. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Activity! Labeling parts of a fish. – Please draw the mystery fish given to you. – Label as many parts as you can using the key on the next slide. – Add features to your drawing not present. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Choose 4 additional terms on the next slide to add to your fish sketch and then you can eat your fish.” “If you wish.”
  108. 108. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Let’s talk about our bodies.”
  122. 122. • Fish are very diverse and come in many sizes and shapes.
  123. 123. • Flat Bellied – for laying on the bottom.
  124. 124. • Flat Bellied – for laying on the bottom.
  125. 125. • Torpedo Shaped – For speed.
  126. 126. • Torpedo Shaped – For speed.
  127. 127. • Hump backed: Stable in fast moving water.
  128. 128. • Hump backed: Stable in fast moving water.
  129. 129. • Vertical Disk: Feeds above or below.
  130. 130. • Vertical Disk: Feeds above or below.
  131. 131. • Horizontal Disk: Bottom Dweller
  132. 132. • Horizontal Disk: Bottom Dweller
  133. 133. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  134. 134. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Vertical Disk
  135. 135. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  136. 136. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Humpback
  137. 137. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  138. 138. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Bottom Dweller
  139. 139. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  140. 140. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Torpedo
  141. 141. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below?
  142. 142. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? Flat Bellied
  143. 143. • Which symbol best represents the body shape of the fish below? “Enough of me, let’s discuss mouthparts .”
  144. 144. • Sucker Shaped Mouth: Feeds on small plants and animals. Bottom feeding
  145. 145. • Sucker Shaped Mouth: Feeds on small plants and animals. Bottom feeding
  146. 146. • Activity! Fish Mouths. – Who can make the best fish mouth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Elongated Upper Jaw: Feeds on prey it looks down upon.
  148. 148. • Elongated Upper Jaw: Feeds on prey it looks down upon.
  149. 149. • Elongated Lower Jaw: Feeds on Prey that it sees above.
  150. 150. • Elongated Lower Jaw: Feeds on Prey that it sees above.
  151. 151. • Extremely Large Jaws: Surrounds and engulfs prey.
  152. 152. • Extremely Large Jaws: Surrounds and engulfs prey.
  153. 153. • Duckbill Jaws: For snatching and grasping prey on the move.
  154. 154. • Duckbill Jaws: For snatching and grasping prey on the move.
  155. 155. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the bottom? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Answer! Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the bottom? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the surface or above? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Answer! Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms from the surface or above? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms swimming through the water?
  160. 160. • Which mouth is best adapted to eat organisms swimming through the water? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  162. 162. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Elongate Lower Jaw Lower
  163. 163. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  164. 164. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Sucker Mouth
  165. 165. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  166. 166. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Large Jaws
  167. 167. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  168. 168. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Elongate Upper Jaw UPPER
  169. 169. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below?
  170. 170. • Which symbol best represents the mouth type of the fish below? Duck Billed
  171. 171. • Video Link! (Optional) The Goblin Shark. – A very unique mouth on a very unique shark. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9W9ty96rdpk
  172. 172. • Video Link. Fish Anatomy Review. – http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=WGbqaayGCRA first few minutes.
  173. 173. • Fish Coloration
  174. 174. • Mottled Coloration: Can hide in rock and on bottom.
  175. 175. • Mottled Coloration: Can hide in rock and on bottom.
  176. 176. • Horizontal Stripes: Can hide in vegetation well.
  177. 177. • Horizontal Stripes: Can hide in vegetation well.
  178. 178. • Vertical Stripes: Also for blending into the vegetation.
  179. 179. • Vertical Stripes: Also for blending into the vegetation.
  180. 180. • Dark Upperside: Difficult to see the fish from above.
  181. 181. • Dark Upperside: Difficult to see the fish from above.
  182. 182. Looking at shark from above
  183. 183. • Video (Optional) Great White Shark. • Check out the sharks counter shadowing. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n- t2ayKadD0 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. • Light Colored Belly: Predators have difficulty seeing from below.
  185. 185. • Light Colored Belly: Predators have difficulty seeing from below.
  186. 186. Looking at shark from below.
  187. 187. Counter shadowingCounter shadowing Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above Light bottom – can’t see from below.Light bottom – can’t see from below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. Counter shadowingCounter shadowing Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above Light bottom – can’t see from below.Light bottom – can’t see from below. Dark Top Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. Counter shadowingCounter shadowing Dark top - can’t see from aboveDark top - can’t see from above Light bottom – can’t see from below.Light bottom – can’t see from below. Light Bottom Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  191. 191. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Dark Upperside
  192. 192. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  193. 193. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Vertical Stripes
  194. 194. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  195. 195. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Mottled Coloration
  196. 196. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  197. 197. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Horizontal Stripes
  198. 198. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below?
  199. 199. • Which symbol best represents the color pattern of the fish below? Light Colored Belly
  200. 200. • Fish have varying methods of reproduction strategies.
  201. 201. • Eggs Deposited on bottom: Eggs are hidden from predators.
  202. 202. • Eggs Deposited on bottom: Eggs are hidden from predators.
  203. 203. • Eggs deposited in nests: Adults stay to protect the eggs. Increases survival.
  204. 204. • Eggs deposited in nests: Adults stay to protect the eggs. Increases survival.
  205. 205. • Floating Eggs: Dispersed in high numbers. Many die, but many are laid.
  206. 206. • Floating Eggs: Dispersed in high numbers. Many die, but many are laid.
  207. 207. • Eggs attached to vegetation: They are kept stable until hatching.
  208. 208. • Eggs attached to vegetation: They are kept stable until hatching.
  209. 209. • Live Bearers: Low numbers but high survival rate.
  210. 210. • Live Bearers: Low numbers but high survival rate.
  211. 211. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  212. 212. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Free Floating Eggs
  213. 213. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  214. 214. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Deposited in nests
  215. 215. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  216. 216. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? On vegetation
  217. 217. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  218. 218. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Live Bearers
  219. 219. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below?
  220. 220. • Which symbol best represents the birth type of the fish below? Eggs of Bottom
  221. 221. • Try and name the pictures associated with the fish. – There can be more than one.
  222. 222. • Activity: Fashion a Fish. – Create an imaginary fish that has a specific body type, mouthpart, coloration, and reproductive strategy. – Learn More at http://www.4hfishing.org/resources/aquatic_ecolo gy_pdfs/4a_fashion_a_fish.pdf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. • Activity! Fashion a Fish Example • Must have supportive text. • Well written and neat. Horizontal Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. • You can now complete this question.
  225. 225. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  231. 231. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators
  233. 233. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below
  234. 234. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey
  235. 235. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey
  236. 236. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey Reproductive strategy is to lay eggs on vegetation. This keeps eggs stable until they hatch.
  237. 237. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey Reproductive strategy is to lay eggs on vegetation. This keeps eggs stable until they hatch. Fishicus swedicus
  238. 238. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Dorsal fin for stability through the water with barbs to sting predators Coloration- Dark top and light bottom makes fish difficult to see from above and below The Duck bill mouth is great at grasping and holding on to prey Reproductive strategy is to lay eggs on vegetation. This keeps eggs stable until they hatch. Fishicus swedicus NAME!
  239. 239. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  249. 249. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  250. 250. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  251. 251. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • What if ice sank? How would the world be different as we know it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254. • Answer! The world would be a much different place. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255. • Ice would form and then sink to the bottom. On the next cold day / night more ice would form and sink. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256. • This process would continue until the lake was frozen solid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  257. 257. • Aquatic organisms would die, the planets climate would shift dramatically as the ice at the poles would accumulate. – Life as we know it would change for the worse. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  258. 258. • What’s a Turnover?
  259. 259. • What’s a Turnover? • Answer: A dish made by folding a pastry over some filling.
  260. 260. • What’s a turnover?
  261. 261. • What’s a turnover? • Answer: A turnover is when the team with the ball loses possession of the ball, which is then gained by the other team.
  262. 262. • What’s a Turnover? • Answer: Measures how long a fund holds on to the stocks it buys. The longer a mutual fund holds on to a stock and the less trading the fund does, the lower the turnover will be…
  263. 263. • What’s a Turnover? • Answer: Measures how long a fund holds on to the stocks it buys. The longer a mutual fund holds on to a stock and the less trading the fund does, the lower the turnover will be…
  264. 264. • What’s turnover?
  265. 265. • What’s turnover? • Answer: The rate at which an employer gains and loses employees.
  266. 266. • What’s Lake Turnover?
  267. 267. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  268. 268. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  269. 269. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  270. 270. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  271. 271. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  272. 272. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  273. 273. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  274. 274. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  275. 275. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer:
  276. 276. • What’s Lake Turnover? • Answer: A process where the layers that form in a lake are mixed seasonally.
  277. 277. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well • These get colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  278. 278. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well • These get colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  279. 279. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • These get colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering . Cold Wind
  280. 280. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  281. 281. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  282. 282. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  283. 283. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  284. 284. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  285. 285. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  286. 286. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  287. 287. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  288. 288. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  289. 289. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  290. 290. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered. – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering .
  291. 291. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered. – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers
  292. 292. • Lake Turnover… – Fall - Air temperatures drop, and the upper layers of water get cold. – Wind and chop mix the upper layers as well. • Upper water layer gets colder, denser, heavier, and sink. – Colder water displaces the water the lake bottom forcing the lower layers to the surface. – Winter - Ice forms layer over water. Lake becomes layered. – Spring – Melting ice causes water to sink and mixes layers – Summer – Warm temperatures cause layering.
  293. 293. • Please draw the following in your journal. – (About ½ Page)
  294. 294. Epilimnion
  295. 295. Epilimnion
  296. 296. • Epilimnion: The upper layer in a layered lake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  297. 297. Epilimnion Thermocline
  298. 298. • Thermocline: A layer within a body of water where the temperature changes rapidly with depth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  299. 299. Epilimnion Thermocline
  300. 300. Epilimnion Thermocline
  301. 301. Epilimnion Thermocline
  302. 302. Epilimnion Thermocline
  303. 303. Epilimnion Thermocline Low Oxygen because isolated from oxygen sources.
  304. 304. • Cold water fish such as trout and salmon enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen levels of the thermocline. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  305. 305. • Cold water fish such as trout and salmon enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen levels of the thermocline. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  306. 306. • Cold water fish such as trout and salmon enjoy the colder temperatures and oxygen levels of the thermocline. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  307. 307. Epilimnion Thermocline Hypolimnion
  308. 308. • Hypolimnion - The bottom and most dense layer of water in a lake. Non-circulatory and remains cold throughout the year Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  309. 309. Epilimnion Thermocline Hypolimnion Summer Stagnation in a Lake
  310. 310. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar.
  311. 311. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring) – Pour in cold water first. – Then use Petri dish as cover and pour the hot on top of the cold without mixing the layers.
  312. 312. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring)
  313. 313. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring) – Pour in cold water first.
  314. 314. • Activity! Creating Lake Turnover in a Jar. – Teacher will have ice cold water (blue food coloring) – Very hot water (red food coloring) – Pour in cold water first. – Then use Petri dish as cover and pour the hot on top of the cold without mixing the layers.
  315. 315. • Activity! Set-up of Lake Turnover. Cold Hot Device to prevent mixing Remove after.
  316. 316. • Activity! Lake Turnover. – Please observe the layering of the Lake in summer (Start) – Teacher will ask students to blow on top layers. (Early Fall) – Teacher will add ice cubes (Early Winter) – Same effect occurs with Spring
  317. 317. • Activity! Lake Turnover – Please sketch the following in your journal. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  318. 318. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  319. 319. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  320. 320. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  321. 321. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  322. 322. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  323. 323. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  324. 324. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Layers form under ice
  325. 325. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  326. 326. Summer Stagnation Fall Turnover Winter Stagnation Spring Turnover Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  327. 327. • Activity! Lake Turnover Question. – Please describe in three sentences how a lake changes throughout the year. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  328. 328. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. The lake returns to it’s summer layering when the temperatures warm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  329. 329. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  330. 330. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  331. 331. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  332. 332. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  333. 333. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. The lake returns to it’s summer layering when the temperatures warm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  334. 334. • Possible Answer: Throughout the year, a lake goes through many changes. In the summer the lake has three distinct layers. Colder temperatures and wind in the fall mix the layers. After the ice forms across the lake, winter layers form. The melting ice mixes the layers in the spring. The lake returns to it’s summer layering when the temperatures warm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about lake turnover at… http://www.islandnet.com/~see/weather/elements/turnlakes.htm
  335. 335. • You can now complete this question on your homework packet about lake turnover. • Make sure to use color for this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  336. 336. • Video Link! Lake Turnover (Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uSFSNTI67wc
  337. 337. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – When you think you know, raise your hand. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  338. 338. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – When you think you know, raise your hand. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  339. 339. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – When you think you know, raise your hand. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  340. 340. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  341. 341. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  342. 342. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  343. 343. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  344. 344. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  345. 345. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  346. 346. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  347. 347. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  348. 348. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  349. 349. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  350. 350. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  351. 351. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  352. 352. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  353. 353. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  354. 354. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy .
  355. 355. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  356. 356. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  357. 357. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  358. 358. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  359. 359. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  360. 360. • Activity! Rivers, Lakes and Water Quality Review Game. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  361. 361. • What happens in your fish tank if you don’t clean it after a long time? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  362. 362. • What happens in your fish tank if you don’t clean it after a long time? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  363. 363. • What happens in your fish tank if you don’t clean it after a long time? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  364. 364. • What happens in your fish tank if you don’t clean it after a long time? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  365. 365. Area of focus: Nutrients and AquaticArea of focus: Nutrients and Aquatic Systems.Systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  366. 366. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please set up three containers with pond or stream water. – Have one be control with just water, and then have the next three have increasing amounts of nutrients / fertilizer. – Label each one and place near light source. Control Low Medium High
  367. 367. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. – What does fertilizer do to an aquatic system? Control Low Medium High
  368. 368. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  369. 369. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  370. 370. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  371. 371. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  372. 372. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  373. 373. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  374. 374. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  375. 375. • Experiment from two weeks ago. – Please sketch what the four containers look like now. Control Low Medium High
  376. 376. • Experiment from two weeks ago. • What does fertilizer do to an aquatic system? Control Low Medium High
  377. 377. • Experiment from two weeks ago. • What does fertilizer do to an aquatic system? • Answer: The nitrogen and phosphorus caused an increase in plant growth in the containers over time. Control Low Medium High
  378. 378. • This bloom occurs from excess nutrients and sunlight. – Nutrients include Nitrogen and Phosphorus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  379. 379. Draw three Lakes – Add the appropriate colors and vegetation to each box. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  380. 380. Draw three Lakes – Add the appropriate colors and vegetation to each box. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  381. 381. Draw three Lakes – Add the appropriate colors and vegetation to each box. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Rocky Bottom
  382. 382. • Oligotrophic – Describes a lake or river with low productivity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  383. 383. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  384. 384. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  385. 385. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  386. 386. • Mesotrophic – Production is considered moderate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  387. 387. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  388. 388. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  389. 389. Eutrophic Mesotrophic Olgiotrophic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  390. 390. • Eutrophic • Having concentrations of nutrients optimal or for plant or animal growth. It is used to describe nutrient or soil solutions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  391. 391. • Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is Eutrophic?
  392. 392. • Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is Eutrophic?
  393. 393. • Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is Eutrophic?
  394. 394. • Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is Eutrophic?
  395. 395. • Which one is Olgiotrophic and which is Eutrophic?
  396. 396. • Eutrophication. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  397. 397. • Please draw the following • Half of a page to a full page. Don’t color yet Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  398. 398. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  399. 399. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  400. 400. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  401. 401. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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  406. 406. Copyright © 2010 Ryan