Rocketry Lesson PowerPoint, Build a Water Rocket

2,953 views
2,668 views

Published on

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 8 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow and meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and follow up questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation. Teaching Duration = 5+ weeks. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEOs, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Blackholes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Spacetime and much more. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,953
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
11
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Rocketry Lesson PowerPoint, Build a Water Rocket

  1. 1. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent? Sturdy Fins Nozzle Caution! Nozzle must work with launcher.
  2. 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  3. 3. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  5. 5. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6.  New Area of Focus: Rocketry. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • The Soviet Union (no-longer) took the lead in the space race putting the first person in orbit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about the space race: http://www.history.com/topics/space-race
  8. 8. • President Kennedy challenged the United States to put a man on the moon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Reading link about the Space Race and the History of the Apollo Missions at… http://teacher.scholastic.com/space /apollo11/index.htm
  9. 9. • Computers weren’t like today back in the early 60’s Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Early Computers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • The Apollo Missions to the moon were launched by the powerful Saturn V rocket
  12. 12. • The Saturn Rocket had many stages.
  13. 13. • Anatomy of the Saturn Rocket
  14. 14. • Anatomy of the Saturn Rocket
  15. 15. • Anatomy of the Saturn Rocket
  16. 16. • Anatomy of the Saturn Rocket
  17. 17. • Anatomy of the Saturn Rocket
  18. 18. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts.
  19. 19. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts.
  20. 20. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts.
  21. 21. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts.
  22. 22. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts.
  23. 23. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Tightly Packed
  24. 24. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Tightly Packed
  25. 25. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth.
  26. 26. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth.
  27. 27. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water.
  28. 28. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter.
  29. 29. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter. Command module pilot Michael Collins stayed behind while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin entered the lunar module.
  30. 30. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter. Command module pilot Michael Collins stayed behind while Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin entered the lunar module.
  31. 31. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter.
  32. 32. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter. Hatch between command module and lunar module.
  33. 33. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter.
  34. 34. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter. The Lunar Module (LM) Eagle separated from the command module
  35. 35. The Apollo spacecraft had three parts. A Command Module with a cabin for the three astronauts. Only part that landed back on Earth. Service Module which supported the Command Module with propulsion, electrical power, oxygen and water. Just tanks etc, Astronauts didn’t enter. The Lunar Module (LM) Eagle separated from the command module
  36. 36. • The whole world watched and listened in suspense.
  37. 37. • Activity! Listening to an historic event that captivated the world. (7:50 minutes in) –“The Eagle has landed.” – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5QS3JSRGk3o
  38. 38. The Apollo Missions. Learn more: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo /missions/index.html
  39. 39. • Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the moon.
  40. 40. • Apollo 11 was the spaceflight that landed the first humans on the moon. – Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin walked on the Moon on July 20, 1969.
  41. 41. • Neil Armstrong spent about two and a half hours outside of the spacecraft. – Both Armstrong and Aldrin collected lunar material for the return trip to Earth.
  42. 42. • Neil Armstrong spent about two and a half hours outside of the spacecraft. – Both Armstrong and Aldrin collected lunar material for the return trip to Earth.
  43. 43. • They also placed scientific experiments and planted a flag before leaving.
  44. 44. • Illustration of Lunar Module Ascent back to the command module.
  45. 45. • Illustration of Lunar Module Ascent back to the command module.
  46. 46. • Illustration of Lunar Module Ascent back to the command module.
  47. 47. • The lunar then approached the command module.
  48. 48. • The lunar then approached the command module.
  49. 49. • The lunar then approached the command module.
  50. 50. • The lunar then approached the command module.
  51. 51. • Activity! (Optional) Recreating the docking. – Can a student with a cone (LM) dock with a person holding a safe short pole from across the room. (Helmet / Safety Needed) – The LM (teacher’s office chair) only gets three pushes / changes in direction.
  52. 52. • After docking, Armstrong and Aldrin climbed back through the hatch with cargo to the command module.
  53. 53. • The Eagle's ascent stage was jettisoned into lunar orbit.
  54. 54. • The Eagle's ascent stage was jettisoned into lunar orbit.
  55. 55. • The Eagle's ascent stage was jettisoned into lunar orbit. – It crashed somewhere on the moon.
  56. 56. • All three astronauts in the command module attached to the service module began the trip back to Earth.
  57. 57. • The service module was jettisoned and just the command module would head back to earth.
  58. 58. • The service module was jettisoned and just the command module would head back to earth.
  59. 59. • The service module was jettisoned and just the command module would head back to earth.
  60. 60. • This is the heat shield that protected the Command Module from burning up during the reentry.
  61. 61. • This is the heat shield that protected the Command Module from burning up during the reentry.
  62. 62. • This is the heat shield that protected the Command Module from burning up during the reentry.
  63. 63. • Parachutes were deployed and the Command Module splashed into the Pacific Ocean.
  64. 64. 1st
  65. 65. 1st
  66. 66. 1st 2nd
  67. 67. 1st 2nd
  68. 68. 1st 2nd
  69. 69. 1st 2nd
  70. 70. • The Apollo Missions
  71. 71. • The Apollo Missions – Ran from 1961 to 1972
  72. 72. • The Apollo Missions – Ran from 1961 to 1972 – Six manned landings on the Moon were achieved.
  73. 73. • The Apollo Missions – Ran from 1961 to 1972 – Six manned landings on the Moon were achieved. • The Apollo 13 Flight never made it to the moon but landed safely back on Earth.
  74. 74. • The Apollo Missions – Ran from 1961 to 1972 – Six manned landings on the Moon were achieved. • The Apollo 13 Flight never made it to the moon but landed safely back on Earth. – Apollo 17 was the last flight to the moon.
  75. 75. • The Apollo Missions – Ran from 1961 to 1972 – Six manned landings on the Moon were achieved. • The Apollo 13 Flight never made it to the moon but landed safely back on Earth. – Apollo 17 was the last flight to the moon. – Apollo also spurred advances such as telecommunications and computers.
  76. 76. • You can now finish this question.
  77. 77. • Activity! Visit Google Moon and work on the Apollo questions from the homework. http://www.google.com/moon/
  78. 78. • Picture of mirror on moon to reflect laser back to earth.
  79. 79. • Picture of mirror on moon to reflect laser back to earth.
  80. 80. • Picture of mirror on moon to reflect laser back to earth.
  81. 81. • Picture of mirror on moon to reflect laser back to earth.
  82. 82. • Picture of mirror on moon to reflect laser back to earth.
  83. 83. • Picture of mirror on moon to reflect laser back to earth.
  84. 84. • Activity! Moon Patrol – Classic Video Game • http://www.webworksllc.com/games/Moon_Patr ol.cfm
  85. 85. • Rocketry 101 Available Sheet
  86. 86. • Part of this area of focus includes building your own rocket.
  87. 87. • 2-3 Person groups. Each groups needs one plastic soda bottle. 20 ounce or 2 liter will work. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • 2-3 Person groups. Each groups needs one plastic soda bottle. 20 ounce or 2 liter will work. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more: http://www.timhesterberg.net/water- bottle-rockets/how-to
  89. 89. • Water Rocket Launcher can be purchased at… • Buy Rocket Launcher
  90. 90. • We will be using water rockets and air pressure. PSI = pressure per square inch Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • We will be using water rockets and air pressure. PSI = pressure per square inch Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • We will be using water rockets and air pressure. PSI = pressure per square inch Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • The pump is used to pressurize the inside of the body tube to provide thrust for the rocket. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94.  Gravity: The force of attraction between all masses in the universe. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95.  Gravity: The force of attraction between all masses in the universe. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96.  Gravity: The force of attraction between all masses in the universe. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97.  Gravity: The force of attraction between all masses in the universe. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98.  Gravity: The force of attraction between all masses in the universe. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  100. 100. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  101. 101. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  102. 102. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  103. 103. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  104. 104. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  105. 105. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  106. 106. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  107. 107. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  108. 108. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  109. 109. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  110. 110. • Law of Gravity F = G M m / r^2 – Gravity is an attractive force between two bodies, which depends only on the mass of the two bodies (M and m) and inversely on the square of the separation between the two bodies. – (If you double the mass of the earth, its gravitational force will become twice as big; if you get 3 times further away from the earth, its gravitational force will be 3 times weaker.) If interested in some difficult mathematics visit… http://easycalculation.com/physics/classical-physics/learn- newtons-law.php
  111. 111. • Which one is the relative gravity of Jupiter? – Earth's force of gravity is measured at 1.00
  112. 112. • Which one is the relative gravity of Jupiter? – Earth's force of gravity is measured at 1.00
  113. 113. • Which one is the relative gravity of Jupiter? – Earth's force of gravity is measured at 1.00
  114. 114. • Question. – If the sun were to be shrunk into the size of a basketball without losing any mass, would it have more, less, or the same gravitational effects it has now?
  115. 115. • Question. Answer… – If the sun were to be shrunk into the size of a basketball without losing any mass, would it have more, less, or the same gravitational effects it has now?
  116. 116. • Question. Answer… – If the sun were to be shrunk into the size of a basketball without losing any mass, would it have more, less, or the same gravitational effects it has now?
  117. 117. • Question. Answer… – If the sun were to be shrunk into the size of a basketball without losing any mass, would it have more, less, or the same gravitational effects it has now?
  118. 118. • Question. Answer… – If the sun were to be shrunk into the size of a basketball without losing any mass, would it have more, less, or the same gravitational effects it has now? Learn more (Advanced) at… http://www2.astro.psu.edu/users/caryl/a10/lec4_2d.html
  119. 119. • In rocketry we can use gravity to speed up an object and change directions
  120. 120. • In rocketry we can use gravity to speed up an object and change directions
  121. 121. • Gravity of the earth keeps the moon from going into deep space,
  122. 122. • Gravity of the earth keeps the moon from going into deep space, gravity of the sun keeps the earth in orbit,
  123. 123. • Gravity of the earth keeps the moon from going into deep space, gravity of the sun keeps the earth in orbit, and gravity of our galaxy keeps sun from heading into deep space.
  124. 124. • The Apollo missions used the gravitational pull of the earth and moon to slingshot / gain velocity.
  125. 125. • Video Link! Gravity in a minute – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jk5E-CrE1zg
  126. 126. • During powered flight the propellants of the propulsion system are constantly being exhausted from the nozzle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • During powered flight the propellants of the propulsion system are constantly being exhausted from the nozzle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Fins are attached to the bottom of the body tube to provide stability during the flight. Fins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Fins are attached to the bottom of the body tube to provide stability during the flight. Fins cannot be flimsy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Expect Rotation, Center of gravity is important. Don’t be top heavy
  131. 131. • Expect Rotation, Center of gravity is important. Don’t be top heavy
  132. 132. • Rotation is important because the flight path will be more stable. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • A rifle is an accurate weapon because the bore of the rifle causes the projectile (bullet) to spiral. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. • A rifle is an accurate weapon because the bore of the rifle causes the projectile (bullet) to spiral. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. • Your rocket should be aerodynamic: The least resistance through the air. – Your rocket should have a nosecone. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136. • Lift and Drag – Two aerodynamic forces
  137. 137. • This cheesy rocket design would have too much weight and drag to successfully take off.
  138. 138. • Activity! Visiting a rocket science website. – http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/RocketScience101/RocketSci ence101.html – Student can build a rock / mission.
  139. 139. • We will have a launch pad
  140. 140. • We won’t have a guidance system like this rocket.
  141. 141. • We won’t have a guidance system like this rocket. – Your rocket should be balanced however and put on the launch pad for a vertical launch.
  142. 142. • Your rocket should have a payload.
  143. 143. • We will also analyze trajectory / path of rocket when we fire + calculate total elevation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Trajectory: The path that a projectile makes through space under the action of given forces such as thrust, wind, and gravity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D
  146. 146. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  147. 147. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  148. 148. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  149. 149. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  150. 150. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  151. 151. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D What colors should the letter be?
  152. 152. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A B C D
  153. 153. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy C Which letter represents the apex? A B D E
  154. 154. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy C Answer: D Apex = Upper A B D E
  155. 155. What would the path look like without gravity?
  156. 156. What would the path look like without gravity?
  157. 157. What would the path look like without gravity? It would keep going until acted upon by a force.
  158. 158. What would the path look like on Earth?
  159. 159. What would the path look like on Earth?
  160. 160. Objects usually have a parabolic trajectory on Earth because of gravity
  161. 161. Objects usually have a parabolic trajectory on Earth because of gravity Trajectory: Learn more at… http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class /vectors/u3l2b.cfm
  162. 162. • Activity! Ragdoll Cannon Game. How is trajectory used to complete the game? – Type Ragdoll Cannon on a Google search or – http://www.kongregate.com/games/Johnny_K/ ragdoll-cannon Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • Catapult Simulator: (Optional) – http://www.forgefx.com/casestudies/prenticeh all/ph/catapult/design-test-simulation.htm
  164. 164. • Activity! Please record the following angles for these clubs. – Driver: 80 – 3 Iron: 65 – 7 Iron: 55 – PW: 35 Golf trajectory simulator. Try and hit the 200 yard marker. http://www.lcs.syr. edu/centers/simf luid/red/golf.html
  165. 165. • Space Shuttle and ISS
  166. 166. • Space Shuttle helped put satellites into orbit.
  167. 167.  Artificial Satellite: A man made object that continuously orbits earth or some other body in space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168. • Weather Satellites help take images of weather systems.
  169. 169. • Military Uses including GPS which stands for Global Positioning System.
  170. 170. • Places we have made a junk pile. – Mt. Everest -Most land areas. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171. • Space Junk (We’ve polluted space)
  172. 172. • Collisions create debris, all of which could damage or destroy other satellites. (ISS?)
  173. 173. • The Space Shuttle:
  174. 174. • The Space Shuttle: A reusable space transportation system that can carry people and cargo;
  175. 175. • The Space Shuttle: A reusable space transportation system that can carry people and cargo; built to replace launch vehicles that could only be used once.
  176. 176. • The Space Shuttle: A reusable space transportation system that can carry people and cargo; built to replace launch vehicles that could only be used once. Program currently retired.
  177. 177. • First Shuttle was the Enterprise which was only built for testing and gliding and never went into space.
  178. 178. • The First Space Shuttle was the Columbia in 1981. – Flew nine successful missions
  179. 179. • HD Video of Space Shuttle Atlantis Launch to the ISS can be found at. • http://www.nasa.go v/multimedia/hd/HD GalleryCollection_a rchive_1.html
  180. 180. • HD Video of Space Shuttle Atlantis landing after visit to the ISS found at… • http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/hd/HDGalleryColle ction_archive_1.html
  181. 181. • The second Space Shuttle was Challenger which performed nine successful missions.
  182. 182. • Space travel has succeeded through trial and error. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. • Space travel has succeeded through trial and error. – We learn from our mistakes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. • Space travel has succeeded through trial and error. – We learn from our mistakes. – Unfortunately that can often cost lives. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Challenger Disaster, January 28, 1986 took the lives of seven brave astronauts.
  186. 186. • Space Shuttle Columbia Disaster also took the lives of seven brave astronauts.
  187. 187. • Finding out what went wrong is important. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Finding out what went wrong is important. – Challenger was faulty O-rings on the rocket boosters. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • Finding out what went wrong is important. – Challenger was faulty O-rings on the rocket boosters. – Columbia was a piece of loose hard foam that damaged heat resistant tiles. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Columbia Disaster.
  191. 191. • Columbia Disaster. – Insulating panel dislodged during take-off and damaged some heat panels on wing.
  192. 192. • Columbia Disaster. – Insulating panel dislodged during take-off and damaged some heat panels on wing. – Damaged heat panels allowed superheated gases to destroy the shuttle during re-entry.
  193. 193. • The third space shuttle was the Discovery which launched the Hubble Space telescope.
  194. 194. • The fourth space shuttle was Atlantis which was used for 28 missions.
  195. 195. • Endeavor is the fifth and newest Space Shuttle.
  196. 196. • Endeavor is the fifth and newest Space Shuttle. –Used primarily to support missions for the International Space Station (ISS)
  197. 197. • Led by the United States… – The ISS draws upon the scientific and technological resources of 16 nations: Canada, Japan, Russia, 11 nations of the European Space Agency and Brazil.
  198. 198. • HD Videos of ISS can be located: Download Prior • http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/hd/HDGalleryColle ction_archive_1.html
  199. 199. • ISS – International Space Station The ISS: Learn More: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/st ation/main/index.html
  200. 200. • The current Space Shuttle program is retired. – What’s next?
  201. 201. • The current Space Shuttle program is retired. – What’s next?
  202. 202. • Video Link! The challenges of sending the Phoenix Lander to Mars. (Optional) – http://videos.howstuffworks.com/nasa/5327-phoenix- mars-lander-video.htm
  203. 203. • All that has been accomplished in rocketry and space exploration begins with some basic understanding of physics.
  204. 204. • Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727), mathematician and physicist, one of the foremost scientific intellects of all time.
  205. 205. • Newton’s 1st Law – An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. – Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Newton’s 1st Law – An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. – Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • Newton’s 1st Law – An object at rest tends to stay at rest and an object in motion tends to stay in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force. – Called Law of Inertia Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. • Very little to no friction in space. A space vehicle will travel in the same direction at the same speed until… .
  209. 209. • Acted upon by a force.
  210. 210. Heading this way for millions of years…? NEO’s Near Earth Objects.
  211. 211. • Video! Review! Newton’s 1st Law of Motion ESA – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q0Wz5P0J deU
  212. 212. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. • Newton’s 2nd Law – The relationship between an object's mass m, its acceleration a, and the applied force F is… • F = ma. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. • Video! Review! Newton’s 2nd Law of Motion in Space with ESA. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WzvhuQ5R WJE
  220. 220. • 3rd Law –For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. • 3rd Law –For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. • 3rd Law –For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Action
  223. 223. • 3rd Law –For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Action Reaction
  224. 224. • Activity Demonstration! Blast-Off – Safety Goggles Required. – Teacher breaks Alka-Seltzer into four pieces. – Teacher fills film canister ½ with water. – Teacher quickly drops in the Alka-Seltzer. tablet and snaps on film canister cap. – Teacher quickly places upside down on floor so all can see. Stand Back!
  225. 225. • How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion?
  226. 226. • How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion? Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off.
  227. 227. • How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion? Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Reaction – The rocket is lifted in the opposite direction. Equal and opposite. Snap ! Energ y
  228. 228. • How did this demonstration relate to Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion? Action – Gases build in the canister until the pressure blasts the cap off. Reaction – The rocket is lifted in the opposite direction. Equal and opposite.POP
  229. 229. • Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through the air
  230. 230. • Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through the air – Thrust needs to overcome weight. – Drag (friction) limits thrust.
  231. 231. • Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through the air – Thrust needs to overcome weight. – Drag (friction) limits thrust.
  232. 232. • Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through the air – Thrust needs to overcome weight. – Drag (friction) limits thrust.
  233. 233. • Thrust is the force which moves an aircraft through the air – Thrust needs to overcome weight. – Drag (friction) limits thrust.
  234. 234. Advice: Find ways to limit weight, limit drag, and increase thrust.
  235. 235. Advice: Find ways to limit weight, limit drag, and increase thrust. A few students can see if adding dishwater soap increases thrust.
  236. 236. • Resistance: The actions opposing something. – Gravity – Air / Friction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. • Weight: A measurement of the gravitational force acting on an object.
  238. 238. • Video Link! Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion in Space with ESA. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cP0Bb3WXJ_k
  239. 239. • Review - Trajectory: The path of a moving object that it follows through space.
  240. 240. • We get to finally use this button on a calculator.
  241. 241. • Clinometer: Device used to find height
  242. 242. • Clinometer: Device used to find height • Height of Tree = h + B x tan(A),
  243. 243. Action
  244. 244. Action Reaction
  245. 245. Action Reaction Limits Drag
  246. 246. Action Reaction Limits Drag Increases Thrust
  247. 247. Action Reaction Limits Drag Increases Thrust Our “Propellent”
  248. 248. Action Reaction Limits Drag Increases Thrust Our “Propellent” Stabilize / Flight Path
  249. 249. Action Reaction Limits Drag Increases Thrust Our “Propellent” Stabilize / Flight Path
  250. 250. Action Reaction Limits Drag Increases Thrust Our “Propellent” Stabilize / Flight Path Creates Thrust
  251. 251. Action Reaction Limits Drag Increases Thrust Our “Propellent” Stabilize / Flight Path Creates Thrust
  252. 252. One standard plastic soda bottle is inverted so the opening becomes the nozzle.
  253. 253. One standard plastic soda bottle is inverted so the opening becomes the nozzle. Another can be cut on the bottom and placed on top to increase height of rocket.
  254. 254. One standard plastic soda bottle is inverted so the opening becomes the nozzle. Another can be cut on the bottom and placed on top to increase height of rocket.
  255. 255. Nosecone to limit drag
  256. 256. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload
  257. 257. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent
  258. 258. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent?
  259. 259. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent? Sturdy Fins
  260. 260. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent? Sturdy Fins Nozzle
  261. 261. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent? Sturdy Fins Nozzle Caution! Nozzle must work with launcher.
  262. 262. Nosecone to limit drag Lightweight Payload Fuel / Propellent ¾ filled with water and add detergent? Sturdy Fins Nozzle Air Pump to add pressure
  263. 263. • Example of a Soda Bottle Rocket.
  264. 264. Full Soda bottle without any cuts or holes
  265. 265. Bottle cut in half Full Soda bottle without any cuts or holes
  266. 266. Bottle cut in half Full Soda bottle without any cuts or holes Nosecone
  267. 267. Bottle cut in half Full Soda bottle without any cuts or holes Nosecone
  268. 268. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. • Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  270. 270. • Try Again. Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  271. 271. • Try Again. Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  272. 272. • You can complete this question.
  273. 273. • Prepare For Launch! – Launch Effects http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sJj1WpbvxM4
  274. 274. • Rocket Bottle Rockets (Safety First) – Recommended for teacher to launch and students to observe from behind chain link fence. – Safety goggles required. – Don’t use bottles that have been heated or reshaped / damaged. – Follow correct PSI and instructions for launcher purchased. – Purchase launcher at http://www.arborsci.com/prod- Bottle_Rocket_Launcher-907.aspx
  275. 275. • Project: Building Water Rockets / Poster • Worksheet Included. – Learn more http://exploration.grc.nasa.gov/education/rocket/BottleRocket/abo ut.htm
  276. 276. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  277. 277. • This Solar System Basics and the Sun lesson is just one small part of my Astronomy Topics Unit. This unit includes • A five part 2,800 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, materials list, and much more. • A 13 bundled homework package, modified version, 7 pages of unit notes, 4 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
  278. 278. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEO’s, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Black holes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Age of the Earth, Time, Earth events in a 12 hour day, Principle of Superposition, Geologic Timescale, Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, and much more. Full Unit found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
  279. 279. • This was a very brief 5 mb tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  280. 280. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  281. 281. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  282. 282. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  283. 283. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

×