• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
This science unit belongs to Ryan
P Murphy Copyright 2010
Area of Focus: WatershedsArea of Focus: Watersheds
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Area of Focus: WatershedsArea of Focus: Watersheds
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Watershed: The region draining into aWatershed: The region draining into a
river.river.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of the Mississippi River Watershed.
– This watershed is the largest in the United
States.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• Picture of the Mississippi River Watershed.
– This watershed is the largest in the United
States.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• What do you think the Great Basin is?
• What do you think the Great Basin is?
• The Great Basin is a watershed where the
water does not flow to the ocean.
– The Great Salt Lake is in the Great Basin.
...
The salt content is very high which
makes the water more dense and you
more buoyant.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
• Which letters represent places we would
find the largest rivers.
Watersheds. Learn more at…
http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watershed.html
• You can now complete this question.
• You can now complete this question.
• What are some of the major rivers in the
United States?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Next
Next
Next
Next
• Activity Worksheet! Please color code
some of the major watersheds in the US.
– Example on next slide.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Activity! Find a .jpeg Image of your states
rivers and create your own local watershed
map.
Example of New Hampshire
Connecticut
Merrimack
Androscoggin
Saco
Coastal / Great
Bay
• You can now complete this question.
• Where do rivers start?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Most rivers start in the mountains and work
their way downhill.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Most rivers start in the mountains and work
their way downhill.
– Water always travels downhill toward the path
of least...
• Does the river with the yellow flow into the
river with the blue?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! No, smaller rivers feed into larger
rivers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which direction is the largest river
flowing?
– How do you know?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The river is flowing to the left.
– You can tell by the following clues.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The clear water is mixing with the cloudier
water in a downriver direction.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The shallow Islands / sand bars in the
middle are shaped with points facing the
direction of the current.
Copyright © 20...
• The shallow Islands / sand bars in the
middle are shaped with points facing the
direction of the current.
Copyright © 20...
• The shallow Islands / sand bars in the
middle are shaped with points facing the
direction of the current.
Copyright © 20...
• The shallow Islands / sand bars in the
middle are shaped with points facing the
direction of the current.
Copyright © 20...
Parts of a riverParts of a river
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The headwaters.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Headwaters: Extreme upper reaches of aHeadwaters: Extreme upper reaches of a
stream.stream.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murp...
• In the headwater streams, light is blocked
by trees making plant life in the streams
scarce.
• In the headwater streams, light is blocked
by trees making plant life in the streams
scarce.
• In the headwater streams, light is blocked
by trees making plant life in the streams
scarce.
• In the headwater streams, light is blocked
by trees making plant life in the streams
scarce.
– Also less nutrients avail...
• Video Link! (Optional) Headwaters and
whitewater kayaking. – A few minutes only.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=VhVut...
Downriver.Downriver.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Downriver: Between headwaters andDownriver: Between headwaters and
floodplain.floodplain.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Tributary: A stream or river which flows into aTributary: A stream or river which flows into a
mainstream.mainstream.
Co...
• Which letter is the tributary?
• Which letter is the tributary?
• If a friend told you to meet them at the
confluence, where should you go?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• If a friend told you to meet them at the
confluence, where should you go?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• If a friend told you to meet them at the
confluence, where should you go?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Floodplain.Floodplain.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Floodplain: The relatively flat land adjacentFloodplain: The relatively flat land adjacent
to a river channel that is und...
River at flood stage
River at normal flow
River at flood stage
River at flood stage
• The water carries more sediment in the
floodplain.
• The water carries more sediment in the
floodplain.
– More light and nutrients also causes more plant
matter to grow.
Learn more about floodplains at…
http://www.cees.iupui.edu/education/Information_Resources/floo
dplains.htm
• Activity! Google Earth Opportunity.
– Use Google Earth to look at the floodplain
section of a local river.
– http://www....
Mouth / Delta.Mouth / Delta.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mouth/Delta: An area formed from theMouth/Delta: An area formed from the
deposition of sediments at the mouth of adeposit...
• Estuary: the area where a river meets the
sea or ocean, where fresh water from the
river meets salt water from the sea (...
• Many aquatic species from the ocean can
be found in the mouth / delta as the ocean
water mixes with the freshwater.
Copy...
• Many aquatic species from the ocean can
be found in the mouth / delta as the ocean
water mixes with the freshwater.
Copy...
• Many aquatic species from the ocean can
be found in the mouth / delta as the ocean
water mixes with the freshwater.
Copy...
• On the next slide please put the river
together by having the teacher minimize out
of slideshow and assist students to c...
Learn more about river deltas at…
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/156797/delta
Stream Order: A classification system forStream Order: A classification system for
rivers.rivers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Activity! Please sketch this river in your
journal.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
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1 1
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1 1
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1 1
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1 1
1 1
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1 1
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1 1
1 1
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1 1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
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1 1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
2
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1 1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
2
2
1
1
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1
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1 1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
2
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1 1
1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
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3
1
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1 1
1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
2
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3 3
1
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1
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1 1
1
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1 1
1 1
2
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2 2
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2
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3 3
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1
1
1
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1
1
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
1
1 1
1 1
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
3 3
4
Stream Order = 4
• Activity! Try this one on your own.
• Answer: Headwaters
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
• When two first order streams meet =
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
• Forms second order stream.
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
• When two second order streams meet?
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
• Forms a third order stream.
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
3
• When a third order meets a second order?
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
3
• Stays a third order stream..
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
3
3
• Answer: Stream Order of 3
11
1
1 11 1
1
1
1
2 2
2
3
3
Stream Order = 3
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• What numbers are under the boxes?
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1
1 2 1
2 3 3 1
1 1 4 1
1
• You can now complete this question.
• Activity! Designing a River
– The class will design a river from Headwaters to
the Mouth/Delta putting as much informati...
• Example of possibilities.
– Groups will need to collaborate to make the
river reach the ocean.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The groups sketch out the path of the
river.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The groups sketch out the path of the
river.
– Your group must begin and end with the
groups in front and behind.
Copyri...
• The headwater group starts the process
working together by creating many small
streams that flow into one river.
Copyrig...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The downriver group must include a few
tributaries that make the river larger.
• The downriver group must include a few
tributaries that make the river larger.
• The downriver group must include a few
tributaries that make the river larger.
• The floodplain should slowly meander
through the groups pages and connect to
the mouth / delta.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The mouth / delta should mix with the
ocean with many branches and islands /
sediment.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
= Text
• Break into groups of 4. Read the information
packet provided in the rivers folder provide
some info to your river page.
...
• Each student is responsible for one part of a
large project.
– You get an individual grade and a group grade.
– Your ind...
The following is a list of vocabulary you will need
when you create the river from the mountains to
the sea.
• Deposition
...
Headwaters
Headwaters
Headwaters
Downriver
Headwaters
Downriver
Floodplain
Headwaters
Downriver
Floodplain
Mouth / Delta
Headwaters
Downriver
Floodplain
Mouth / Delta
• You can now complete this question.
Erosion: Process where fragments of soilErosion: Process where fragments of soil
and rock are broken off from the surface...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.r...
Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.r...
Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.r...
Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.r...
Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of
rock are deposited in a new location.r...
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
• Which river is young and which is old?
Learn more about erosion and deposition at…
http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamental
s/10w.html
• Please sketch a river like this in your
journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Cut Bank: High steep banks along theCut Bank: High steep banks along the
edge of a channel.edge of a channel.
• Where would we find the cut-banks, the
place the water moves quickly and
causes erosion.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Cut banks are on the outside of
curves.
Cut-
bank
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Cut banks are on the outside of
curves.
– The water moves more quickly here and
erodes the banks.
Cut-
bank
Copy...
• If you are interested in catching large trout,
than always throw your fly…
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• If you are interested in catching large trout,
than always throw your fly…
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Cut-banks will often erode the riverbank
and trees will fall into the river.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• These trees are dangerous for boaters and
are called “strainers”.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• These trees are dangerous for boaters and
are called “strainers”.
– They are dangerous because they can pin and
hold you...
• If you can’t avoid a strainer try to climb up on
top of it, rather than going under it.
– It is a nice thing to breathe ...
This is a
dangerous
situation. Getting
caught under the
water in this
strainer is certain
death.
• Video Link! Moving Water Safety.
– Watch from the 9:30 minute mark to learn about
strainers.
– http://www.youtube.com/wa...
Riffles: Shallow fast moving section of theRiffles: Shallow fast moving section of the
river between meanders.river betwe...
Riffles: Shallow fast moving section of theRiffles: Shallow fast moving section of the
river between meanders.river betwe...
Pool: Deep section of the riverPool: Deep section of the river
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Pool: Deep section of the riverPool: Deep section of the river
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Point Bar: Shallow part on the inside curvePoint Bar: Shallow part on the inside curve
of a river where the water slows a...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bar
• Which side of the river would be the
safest to swim from with your family?
Cut-Bank Point Bar
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Answer! The point bar would be a safer
place to swim because it is shallow and with
less current.
“Help”
“Help”
Copyrigh...
“Help”
“Strainer”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Climb on top
of it to stay
alive!”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Billy is
drowning,
HELP”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Why are all
of you
smiling?”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed
by slowly moving water.by slowly moving ...
• Video Link: Meanders in a stream table.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=LOXWqBoxPZM&feature=related
• Which colored path is the most direct to
the pencil sharpener during work time and
which meanders?
• Which colored path is the most direct to
the pencil sharpener during work time and
which meanders?
• Which colored path is the most direct to
the pencil sharpener during work time and
which meanders?
• Which colored path is the most direct to
the pencil sharpener during work time and
which meanders?
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the river...
Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the river...
Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the river...
Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the river...
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off
from the river that remains when the riv...
Bar
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
• Video Link: Oxbow formation (Optional)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSFKjxACbhQ
Please draw in your science journal.
Please draw in your science journal.
Please draw in your science journal.
Please draw in your science journal.
Oxbow
Please draw in your science journal.
Oxbow
T I M E
Please draw in your science journal.
M O R E T I M E
Please draw in your science journal.
E V E N M O R E T I M E
Please draw in your science journal.
A L O N G T I M E
Please draw in your science journal.
EVENTUALLY Meander Scar
Old Channel: A dry channel where theOld Channel: A dry channel where the
stream changed course.stream changed course.
Cop...
• Which colored arrow is pointing to an old-
channel?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Yellow
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Yellow
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You can now complete this question.
• What is this a picture of?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Terraces
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Terraces
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
AA Terrace
B Terrace
C Terrace
• Answer! Terraces
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
AA Terrace
B Terrace
C Terrace
D Terrace
Terraces: Areas where the streamTerraces: Areas where the stream
overflowed a channel and created a flatoverflowed a chan...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Terraces in agriculture to grow crops on
steep slopes by preventing erosion.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A lot of our highways and cities are built
on the flat areas (terraces) near rivers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
A
B
C
Riparian Area: An area of vegetation thatRiparian Area: An area of vegetation that
grows along waterways.grows along wate...
Riparian Area: An area of vegetation thatRiparian Area: An area of vegetation that
grows along waterways.grows along wate...
• Also a corridor for plants and animals to
travel.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is this?
Braided Stream: A place where theBraided Stream: A place where the
stream breaks into many smaller streamsstream breaks i...
Estuary: the area where a river meets theEstuary: the area where a river meets the
ocean.ocean.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
Estuary: the area where a river meets theEstuary: the area where a river meets the
ocean.ocean.
 Fresh water meets salt ...
• Reading Link: Estuaries. Please read the
article and answer the questions.
– http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/remediation_huds...
Alluvial Fan / Delta: An area of sedimentAlluvial Fan / Delta: An area of sediment
deposits that build up near a rivers m...
• Can you point out an alluvial fan?
• Can you point out an alluvial fan?
• Can you point out an alluvial fan?
• Can you point out an alluvial fan?
• Can you point out an alluvial fan?
• You can now complete this question.
• Video Link! Life of a Stream
– A nice review before the quiz with many new
terms.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SfJ-
...
• Quiz Wiz 1-10! Name the physical feature
of a river.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Bonus: Who is this actor?
• Answers! Quiz Wiz 1-10 Name the
physical feature of a river.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Bonus: Who is this actor?
• Bonus: Who is this actor? Seth Green
• You can now complete this question.
Headwaters
Downriver
Floodplain
Mouth / Delta
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you know.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you know.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes. Raise your hand when you know.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2...
• Activity! Stream Table.
• Stream Table: Activities and Extensions.
– http://www.maine.gov/doc/nrimc/mgs/educatio
n/lessons/act15.htm
Use long water tight tray and smooth / wet sand. Fill
bottle and use clay to stop flow. Remove clay to allow
water to flow...
• Stream Table Assignment!
– Please make an extremely detailed sketch of
your river.
– Please answer the question – How di...
• Stream Table Assignment!
– Please make a detailed sketch in your journal
of your stream near the end.
• Label the follow...
• Video Link! A random stream table.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsQ7hW2fAEs
• You can now record information in the
white space and then neatly color the
pictures.
1
1
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1
2
3
1
1
2
3
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3
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• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
• This PowerPoint is only small part of my Rivers,
Lakes, and Water Quality Unit that I offer on TpT.
– This unit includes...
Areas of Focus within The Rivers and Water Quality Unit:
Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Par...
http://www.teacherspay
teachers.com/Product/P
hysical-Science-
Curriculum-596485
http://www.teachersp
ayteachers.com/Produ...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found
at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel
free to contact me with any...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
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River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,
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sciencepowerpoint.com delivers a four part 2150+ slide PowerPoint slideshow becomes the roadmap for an amazing and interactive science experience. Complete with bundled homework package, many built-in quizzes, hands-on activities with directions, unit notes, answer keys, video links, rubrics, review games, and much more.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information.
Areas of Focus within The Rivers Unit -Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Parts of River (Vocabulary), Stream Order, Erosion and Deposition, Water Quality, Chemical Properties of Water, Bio-Indicators of Water Quality (EPT richness), Physical Properties of Water Quality, Rivers and Flooding, Factors that Control Flooding, Types of Flooding, Tsunami's, Wetlands, Flood Prevention, Levees, Dams and Ecosystem, Importance of Dams, Impacts of Dams, Hydropower, Parts of Dam, Salmon (Life Cycle), Systems of Help Salmon, Fish (General), Layering in a Lake, Lake Turnover, Nutrients and Lakes.
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks + PowerPoint Review Games
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint.com

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River Unit Lesson PowerPoint, Watersheds, Stream Table,

  1. 1. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  3. 3. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  5. 5. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This science unit belongs to Ryan P Murphy Copyright 2010
  6. 6. Area of Focus: WatershedsArea of Focus: Watersheds Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. Area of Focus: WatershedsArea of Focus: Watersheds Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. Watershed: The region draining into aWatershed: The region draining into a river.river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Picture of the Mississippi River Watershed. – This watershed is the largest in the United States. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Picture of the Mississippi River Watershed. – This watershed is the largest in the United States. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • What do you think the Great Basin is?
  12. 12. • What do you think the Great Basin is?
  13. 13. • The Great Basin is a watershed where the water does not flow to the ocean. – The Great Salt Lake is in the Great Basin. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. The salt content is very high which makes the water more dense and you more buoyant.
  15. 15. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  22. 22. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  23. 23. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  24. 24. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  25. 25. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  26. 26. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  27. 27. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  28. 28. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  29. 29. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  30. 30. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  31. 31. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  32. 32. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  33. 33. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  34. 34. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  35. 35. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  36. 36. • Which letters represent places we would find the largest rivers.
  37. 37. Watersheds. Learn more at… http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watershed.html
  38. 38. • You can now complete this question.
  39. 39. • You can now complete this question.
  40. 40. • What are some of the major rivers in the United States? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. Next
  42. 42. Next
  43. 43. Next
  44. 44. Next
  45. 45. • Activity Worksheet! Please color code some of the major watersheds in the US. – Example on next slide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Activity! Find a .jpeg Image of your states rivers and create your own local watershed map.
  47. 47. Example of New Hampshire
  48. 48. Connecticut Merrimack Androscoggin Saco Coastal / Great Bay
  49. 49. • You can now complete this question.
  50. 50. • Where do rivers start? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Most rivers start in the mountains and work their way downhill. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Most rivers start in the mountains and work their way downhill. – Water always travels downhill toward the path of least resistance. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Does the river with the yellow flow into the river with the blue? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Answer! No, smaller rivers feed into larger rivers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Which direction is the largest river flowing? – How do you know? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Answer! The river is flowing to the left. – You can tell by the following clues. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • The clear water is mixing with the cloudier water in a downriver direction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • The shallow Islands / sand bars in the middle are shaped with points facing the direction of the current. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • The shallow Islands / sand bars in the middle are shaped with points facing the direction of the current. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • The shallow Islands / sand bars in the middle are shaped with points facing the direction of the current. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • The shallow Islands / sand bars in the middle are shaped with points facing the direction of the current. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. Parts of a riverParts of a river -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • The headwaters. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. Headwaters: Extreme upper reaches of aHeadwaters: Extreme upper reaches of a stream.stream. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • In the headwater streams, light is blocked by trees making plant life in the streams scarce.
  66. 66. • In the headwater streams, light is blocked by trees making plant life in the streams scarce.
  67. 67. • In the headwater streams, light is blocked by trees making plant life in the streams scarce.
  68. 68. • In the headwater streams, light is blocked by trees making plant life in the streams scarce. – Also less nutrients available.
  69. 69. • Video Link! (Optional) Headwaters and whitewater kayaking. – A few minutes only. – http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=VhVutD_7nTs&feature=related
  70. 70. Downriver.Downriver. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. Downriver: Between headwaters andDownriver: Between headwaters and floodplain.floodplain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72.  Tributary: A stream or river which flows into aTributary: A stream or river which flows into a mainstream.mainstream. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Which letter is the tributary?
  74. 74. • Which letter is the tributary?
  75. 75. • If a friend told you to meet them at the confluence, where should you go? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • If a friend told you to meet them at the confluence, where should you go? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • If a friend told you to meet them at the confluence, where should you go? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. Floodplain.Floodplain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. Floodplain: The relatively flat land adjacentFloodplain: The relatively flat land adjacent to a river channel that is underwater whento a river channel that is underwater when the river floods.the river floods. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. River at flood stage
  81. 81. River at normal flow River at flood stage
  82. 82. River at flood stage
  83. 83. • The water carries more sediment in the floodplain.
  84. 84. • The water carries more sediment in the floodplain. – More light and nutrients also causes more plant matter to grow.
  85. 85. Learn more about floodplains at… http://www.cees.iupui.edu/education/Information_Resources/floo dplains.htm
  86. 86. • Activity! Google Earth Opportunity. – Use Google Earth to look at the floodplain section of a local river. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. Mouth / Delta.Mouth / Delta. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. Mouth/Delta: An area formed from theMouth/Delta: An area formed from the deposition of sediments at the mouth of adeposition of sediments at the mouth of a river.river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Estuary: the area where a river meets the sea or ocean, where fresh water from the river meets salt water from the sea (tidal) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Many aquatic species from the ocean can be found in the mouth / delta as the ocean water mixes with the freshwater. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Many aquatic species from the ocean can be found in the mouth / delta as the ocean water mixes with the freshwater. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Many aquatic species from the ocean can be found in the mouth / delta as the ocean water mixes with the freshwater. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • On the next slide please put the river together by having the teacher minimize out of slideshow and assist students to complete the puzzle. – Identify Headwaters, Downriver, Floodplain, Mouth / Delta
  94. 94. Learn more about river deltas at… http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/156797/delta
  95. 95. Stream Order: A classification system forStream Order: A classification system for rivers.rivers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Activity! Please sketch this river in your journal.
  97. 97. 1
  98. 98. 1 1
  99. 99. 1 1 1
  100. 100. 1 1 1 1 1
  101. 101. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  102. 102. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
  103. 103. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2
  104. 104. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2
  105. 105. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2
  106. 106. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
  107. 107. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
  108. 108. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
  109. 109. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3
  110. 110. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
  111. 111. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 4
  112. 112. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 4 Stream Order = 4
  113. 113. • Activity! Try this one on your own.
  114. 114. • Answer: Headwaters 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1
  115. 115. • When two first order streams meet = 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1
  116. 116. • Forms second order stream. 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2
  117. 117. 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2
  118. 118. 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2
  119. 119. 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2 2
  120. 120. • When two second order streams meet? 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2 2
  121. 121. • Forms a third order stream. 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3
  122. 122. • When a third order meets a second order? 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3
  123. 123. • Stays a third order stream.. 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3
  124. 124. • Answer: Stream Order of 3 11 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 3 3 Stream Order = 3
  125. 125. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  126. 126. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  127. 127. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  128. 128. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  129. 129. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  130. 130. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  131. 131. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  132. 132. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  133. 133. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  134. 134. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  135. 135. • What numbers are under the boxes? 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 3 3 1 1 1 4 1 1
  136. 136. • You can now complete this question.
  137. 137. • Activity! Designing a River – The class will design a river from Headwaters to the Mouth/Delta putting as much information from the sheets as possible into your work. – The river will be needed on an upcoming assessment. – Each group of four or more gets four sheets. Plan the width of the river accordingly. – Your section should line up with the group down river and upriver. – Only use light colored pencils “everybody” – Worth a two class grades (your part, your groups part.) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138. • Example of possibilities. – Groups will need to collaborate to make the river reach the ocean. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  139. 139. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140. • The groups sketch out the path of the river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • The groups sketch out the path of the river. – Your group must begin and end with the groups in front and behind. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. • The headwater group starts the process working together by creating many small streams that flow into one river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • The downriver group must include a few tributaries that make the river larger.
  148. 148. • The downriver group must include a few tributaries that make the river larger.
  149. 149. • The downriver group must include a few tributaries that make the river larger.
  150. 150. • The floodplain should slowly meander through the groups pages and connect to the mouth / delta. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • The mouth / delta should mix with the ocean with many branches and islands / sediment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy = Text
  162. 162. • Break into groups of 4. Read the information packet provided in the rivers folder provide some info to your river page. Learn more: http://www.tulane.edu/~sanels on/geol111/streams.htm
  163. 163. • Each student is responsible for one part of a large project. – You get an individual grade and a group grade. – Your individual grade is based on your portion and behavior. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. The following is a list of vocabulary you will need when you create the river from the mountains to the sea. • Deposition • Braided Stream • Alluvial Fan • Levee • Estuary • Riparian Area • Tributary • Waterfall • Watershed • Meander • Oxbow Lake • Old-Channel • Cutbank • Riffles • Pool • Terraces • Watershed Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. Headwaters
  166. 166. Headwaters
  167. 167. Headwaters Downriver
  168. 168. Headwaters Downriver Floodplain
  169. 169. Headwaters Downriver Floodplain Mouth / Delta
  170. 170. Headwaters Downriver Floodplain Mouth / Delta
  171. 171. • You can now complete this question.
  172. 172. Erosion: Process where fragments of soilErosion: Process where fragments of soil and rock are broken off from the surfaceand rock are broken off from the surface and carried away.and carried away. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location.rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location.rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location.rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location.rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. Deposition: Process by which fragments ofDeposition: Process by which fragments of rock are deposited in a new location.rock are deposited in a new location. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180. • Which river is young and which is old?
  181. 181. • Which river is young and which is old?
  182. 182. • Which river is young and which is old?
  183. 183. • Which river is young and which is old?
  184. 184. • Which river is young and which is old?
  185. 185. • Which river is young and which is old?
  186. 186. • Which river is young and which is old?
  187. 187. Learn more about erosion and deposition at… http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamental s/10w.html
  188. 188. • Please sketch a river like this in your journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. Cut Bank: High steep banks along theCut Bank: High steep banks along the edge of a channel.edge of a channel.
  190. 190. • Where would we find the cut-banks, the place the water moves quickly and causes erosion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Answer! Cut banks are on the outside of curves. Cut- bank Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • Answer! Cut banks are on the outside of curves. – The water moves more quickly here and erodes the banks. Cut- bank Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • If you are interested in catching large trout, than always throw your fly… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • If you are interested in catching large trout, than always throw your fly… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195. • Cut-banks will often erode the riverbank and trees will fall into the river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • These trees are dangerous for boaters and are called “strainers”. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • These trees are dangerous for boaters and are called “strainers”. – They are dangerous because they can pin and hold you under that water like pasta in a strainer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • If you can’t avoid a strainer try to climb up on top of it, rather than going under it. – It is a nice thing to breathe while you wait for help. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. This is a dangerous situation. Getting caught under the water in this strainer is certain death.
  200. 200. • Video Link! Moving Water Safety. – Watch from the 9:30 minute mark to learn about strainers. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1xE8EOVUZ3I
  201. 201. Riffles: Shallow fast moving section of theRiffles: Shallow fast moving section of the river between meanders.river between meanders. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. Riffles: Shallow fast moving section of theRiffles: Shallow fast moving section of the river between meanders.river between meanders. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203. Pool: Deep section of the riverPool: Deep section of the river Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. Pool: Deep section of the riverPool: Deep section of the river Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. Point Bar: Shallow part on the inside curvePoint Bar: Shallow part on the inside curve of a river where the water slows and dropsof a river where the water slows and drops off its sediment load.off its sediment load. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. Bar
  209. 209. • Which side of the river would be the safest to swim from with your family? Cut-Bank Point Bar Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. • Answer! The point bar would be a safer place to swim because it is shallow and with less current. “Help” “Help” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. “Help” “Strainer” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. “Climb on top of it to stay alive!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213. “Billy is drowning, HELP” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. “Why are all of you smiling?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. Meander: Looping curve in a river formedMeander: Looping curve in a river formed by slowly moving water.by slowly moving water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. • Video Link: Meanders in a stream table. – http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=LOXWqBoxPZM&feature=related
  231. 231. • Which colored path is the most direct to the pencil sharpener during work time and which meanders?
  232. 232. • Which colored path is the most direct to the pencil sharpener during work time and which meanders?
  233. 233. • Which colored path is the most direct to the pencil sharpener during work time and which meanders?
  234. 234. • Which colored path is the most direct to the pencil sharpener during work time and which meanders?
  235. 235. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  236. 236. Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  238. 238. Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239. Oxbow Lake:Oxbow Lake: CrescentCrescent shaped lake cut offshaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which letters are oxbow lakes?
  241. 241. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which letters are oxbow lakes?
  242. 242. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which letters are oxbow lakes?
  243. 243. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which letters are oxbow lakes?
  244. 244. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which letters are oxbow lakes? Soon to erode the bank and create a new oxbow lake.
  245. 245. Oxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut offOxbow Lake: Crescent shaped lake cut off from the river that remains when the riverfrom the river that remains when the river cuts a new channel. (An old meander)cuts a new channel. (An old meander) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Which letters are oxbow lakes? Soon to erode the bank and create a new oxbow lake.
  246. 246. Bar
  247. 247. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. 1 2 3 4
  249. 249. 1 2 3 4
  250. 250. 1 2 3 4
  251. 251. 1 2 3 4
  252. 252. 1 2 3 4
  253. 253. • Video Link: Oxbow formation (Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSFKjxACbhQ
  254. 254. Please draw in your science journal.
  255. 255. Please draw in your science journal.
  256. 256. Please draw in your science journal.
  257. 257. Please draw in your science journal. Oxbow
  258. 258. Please draw in your science journal. Oxbow T I M E
  259. 259. Please draw in your science journal. M O R E T I M E
  260. 260. Please draw in your science journal. E V E N M O R E T I M E
  261. 261. Please draw in your science journal. A L O N G T I M E
  262. 262. Please draw in your science journal. EVENTUALLY Meander Scar
  263. 263. Old Channel: A dry channel where theOld Channel: A dry channel where the stream changed course.stream changed course. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264. • Which colored arrow is pointing to an old- channel? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  265. 265. • Answer! Yellow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  266. 266. • Answer! Yellow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  267. 267. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  268. 268. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. • You can now complete this question.
  270. 270. • What is this a picture of? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  271. 271. • Answer! Terraces Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  272. 272. • Answer! Terraces Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy AA Terrace B Terrace C Terrace
  273. 273. • Answer! Terraces Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy AA Terrace B Terrace C Terrace D Terrace
  274. 274. Terraces: Areas where the streamTerraces: Areas where the stream overflowed a channel and created a flatoverflowed a channel and created a flat floodplain.floodplain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  275. 275. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  276. 276. • Terraces in agriculture to grow crops on steep slopes by preventing erosion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  277. 277. • A lot of our highways and cities are built on the flat areas (terraces) near rivers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  278. 278. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  279. 279. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  280. 280. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  281. 281. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  282. 282. A B C
  283. 283. Riparian Area: An area of vegetation thatRiparian Area: An area of vegetation that grows along waterways.grows along waterways. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. Riparian Area: An area of vegetation thatRiparian Area: An area of vegetation that grows along waterways.grows along waterways. Acts as a buffer for pollution and helps preventActs as a buffer for pollution and helps prevent erosion.erosion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. • Also a corridor for plants and animals to travel. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  287. 287. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  288. 288. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  289. 289. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  290. 290. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  291. 291. • What is this?
  292. 292. Braided Stream: A place where theBraided Stream: A place where the stream breaks into many smaller streamsstream breaks into many smaller streams Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  293. 293. Estuary: the area where a river meets theEstuary: the area where a river meets the ocean.ocean. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  294. 294. Estuary: the area where a river meets theEstuary: the area where a river meets the ocean.ocean.  Fresh water meets salt water(tidal).Fresh water meets salt water(tidal). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  295. 295. • Reading Link: Estuaries. Please read the article and answer the questions. – http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/remediation_huds on_pdf/hrlpadapt2es.pdf
  296. 296. Alluvial Fan / Delta: An area of sedimentAlluvial Fan / Delta: An area of sediment deposits that build up near a rivers mouth.deposits that build up near a rivers mouth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  297. 297. • Can you point out an alluvial fan?
  298. 298. • Can you point out an alluvial fan?
  299. 299. • Can you point out an alluvial fan?
  300. 300. • Can you point out an alluvial fan?
  301. 301. • Can you point out an alluvial fan?
  302. 302. • You can now complete this question.
  303. 303. • Video Link! Life of a Stream – A nice review before the quiz with many new terms. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SfJ- XfPtBas&feature=related
  304. 304. • Quiz Wiz 1-10! Name the physical feature of a river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  305. 305. • Bonus: Who is this actor?
  306. 306. • Answers! Quiz Wiz 1-10 Name the physical feature of a river. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  307. 307. • Bonus: Who is this actor?
  308. 308. • Bonus: Who is this actor? Seth Green
  309. 309. • You can now complete this question.
  310. 310. Headwaters Downriver Floodplain Mouth / Delta
  311. 311. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  312. 312. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  313. 313. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  314. 314. • Activity! Stream Table.
  315. 315. • Stream Table: Activities and Extensions. – http://www.maine.gov/doc/nrimc/mgs/educatio n/lessons/act15.htm
  316. 316. Use long water tight tray and smooth / wet sand. Fill bottle and use clay to stop flow. Remove clay to allow water to flow. Recycle water to the bottle with cup. Record features on the next slide. Food coloring optional.
  317. 317. • Stream Table Assignment! – Please make an extremely detailed sketch of your river. – Please answer the question – How did the stream table change over time? – Label your sketch with the following terms on the next slide. • Be Prepared to show me all of these terms on your stream table.
  318. 318. • Stream Table Assignment! – Please make a detailed sketch in your journal of your stream near the end. • Label the following: • Meander • Old-Channel • Cutbank • Terraces • Braided Stream • Alluvial Fan • Ox-Bow Lake • Pool • Riffles • Point Bar
  319. 319. • Video Link! A random stream table. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YsQ7hW2fAEs
  320. 320. • You can now record information in the white space and then neatly color the pictures.
  321. 321. 1 1 2
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  327. 327. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php? p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx? journal=tstPlease visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  328. 328. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.sciencedaily.com/ • http://www.sciencemag.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx? journal=tst
  329. 329. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  330. 330. • This PowerPoint is only small part of my Rivers, Lakes, and Water Quality Unit that I offer on TpT. – This unit includes a four part 2,150 slide PowerPoint roadmap. – 13 page bundled homework, modified version, 8 pages of lesson notes, built-in visual quizzes, review game, 23 video links, hands-on activities with instructions and questions, crossword, rubrics, projects, answer keys, readings, materials list, curriculum guide, and much more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quali ty_Unit.htm
  331. 331. Areas of Focus within The Rivers and Water Quality Unit: Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Parts of River (Vocabulary), Stream Order, Erosion and Deposition, Water Quality, Chemical Properties of Water, Bio-Indicators of Water Quality (EPT richness), Physical Properties of Water Quality, Rivers and Flooding, Factors that Control Flooding, Types of Flooding, Tsunami’s, Wetlands, Flood Prevention, Levees, Dams and Ecosystem, Importance of Dams, Impacts of Dams, Hydropower, Parts of Dam, Salmon (Life Cycle), Systems of Help Salmon, Fish (General), Layering in a Lake, Lake Turnover, Nutrients and Lakes. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.h tm
  332. 332. http://www.teacherspay teachers.com/Product/P hysical-Science- Curriculum-596485 http://www.teachersp ayteachers.com/Produ ct/Life-Science- Curriculum-601267 http://www.teachersp ayteachers.com/Produ ct/Earth-Science- Curriculum-590950
  333. 333. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  334. 334. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  335. 335. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed
  336. 336. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/

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