Properties of Water PowerPoint, Adhesion, Cohesion, Surface Tension

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This unit consists of a three part 1500 slide PowerPoint roadmap from http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ complete with a 14 page bundled homework package, modified version, 9 pages of unit notes, built-in hands-on activities with instructions and visuals, 25 video links, built-in quizzes, review games, answer keys, rubrics, worksheets that follow slideshow for classwork, complete student version of the unit, and much more.
Areas of Focus: -Locations of Water on the Planet, Importance of Water, Groundwater, Groundwater Pollution, The Water Molecule, Properties of Water, Polarity, Cohesion, Adhesion, Capillary Action, High Specific Heat, Water has a Neutral pH, lower density of ice, lake turnover, water cycle, three stares of matter, Water is the Universal Solvent, Mixtures, and much more.
I also sell all 20 Middle-Level Science Units as a curriculum package. This includes all 20 units (50,000 slides), in Life, Earth, and Physical Science for students in grades 5-10, This also includes 275 pages of bundled homework / assessment that chronologically follows each unit, 175 pages of modified assessments, 325 pages of answer keys, 260 pages of unit notes, 37 PowerPoint review games (5000+ slides), 315 videos, hundreds of pages of handouts, First Day PowerPoint, Guidebook, and Four Year Curriculum Guide and classroom license.
Thank you for time and if you have any questions please feel free to contact me at www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com. Best wishes.
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks

Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/

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Properties of Water PowerPoint, Adhesion, Cohesion, Surface Tension

  1. 1. • Adhesion: When water molecules hold to a surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • Activity! Building our own Lava Lamps in a few days. – You will need your own plastic bottle. – Bring a 20 oz bottle. If you want a larger 2 liter bottle then bring in your own vegetable oil.
  6. 6. • Activity! Building our own Lava Lamps in a few days. – You will need your own plastic bottle. – Bring a 20 oz bottle. If you want a larger 2 liter bottle then bring in your own vegetable oil.
  7. 7. • Caution! We will be using dihydrogen monoxide shortly. (DHMO) – DHMO (dihydrogen monoxide) causes the following… • Also known as hydroxl acid, and is the major component of acid rain. • Can cause death if inhaled in large quantities. • Industrial solvent and coolant. • Used in nuclear power plants. • Ingestion causes excessive sweating and urination. • Causes severe erosion of our natural landscape. • Used in pesticide production and distribution. • An additive to food products. • and much more…
  8. 8. • Caution! We will be using dihydrogen monoxide shortly. (DHMO) – DHMO (dihydrogen monoxide) causes the following… • Also known as hydroxl acid, and is the major component of acid rain. • Can cause death if inhaled in large quantities. • Industrial solvent and coolant. • Used in nuclear power plants. • Ingestion causes excessive sweating and urination. • Causes severe erosion of our natural landscape. • Used in pesticide production and distribution. • An additive to food products. • and much more…
  9. 9. • Caution! We will be using dihydrogen monoxide shortly. (DHMO) – DHMO (dihydrogen monoxide) causes the following… • Also known as hydroxl acid, and is the major component of acid rain. • Can cause death if inhaled in large quantities. • Industrial solvent and coolant. • Used in nuclear power plants. • Ingestion causes excessive sweating and urination. • Causes severe erosion of our natural landscape. • Used in pesticide production and distribution. • An additive to food products. • and much more…
  10. 10. • I will place a sample of dihydrogen monoxide on your table. • Please do not touch it until instructed.
  11. 11. • Dihydrogen monoxide is known as H2O. – It’s made of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen.
  12. 12. • Dihydrogen monoxide is known as H2O. – It’s made of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen.
  13. 13. • Dihydrogen monoxide is known H2O. – It’s made of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen.
  14. 14. • Without dihydrogen monoxide life is not possible.
  15. 15. • Without dihydrogen monoxide life is not possible. – Earth is the blue planet because of dihydrogen monoxide…
  16. 16. • Without dihydrogen monoxide life is not possible. – Earth is the blue planet because of dihydrogen monoxide… aka water.
  17. 17. Water is HWater is H22O. Two hydrogen atoms, oneO. Two hydrogen atoms, one oxygen.oxygen. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Please create a step by step drawing of the water molecule in your journal.
  19. 19. The Water Molecule H2O
  20. 20. The Water Molecule H2O
  21. 21. The Water Molecule H2O
  22. 22. The Water Molecule H2O
  23. 23. The Water Molecule H2O
  24. 24. The Water Molecule H2O
  25. 25. The Water Molecule H2O “The Oxygen (head) is much larger than the hydrogen (ears).”
  26. 26. The Water Molecule H2O “The Oxygen (head) is much larger than the hydrogen (ears).” Structure of H2O at… http://www.johnky rk.com/H2O.html
  27. 27. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part III. – Bring to class everyday.
  28. 28. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part III. – Bring to class everyday.
  29. 29. • Activity! • Draw the picture below. Use a Petri-Dish to assist you. Label as “Before”.
  30. 30. • Activity! • Draw the picture below. Use a Petri-Dish to assist you. Label as “Before”. Swirly Milk. Learn more at… http://chemistry.about.com/od/chemistryhowto guide/a/magicmilk.htm
  31. 31. • Activity! Swirly Milk, A fun starting off activity. – Fill the depression of the plate with whole milk. – Add one drop of different food colorings at 12, 3, 6, 9 O’clock of the plate. OR Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • Swirly Milk Continued. – Draw the plate. – Take a toothpick and dip it into detergent. – Touch detergent (Dawn) on toothpick into the middle of the milk. – Record your findings with a detailed drawing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This product belongs to Ryan P. Murphy www.sciencepowerpoint.com Copyright 2010
  33. 33. • Draw a “After” Sketch of the SWIRLY MILK . Use a Petri-dish to assist you.
  34. 34. • Draw a “After” Sketch of the SWIRLY MILK . Use a Petri-dish to assist you.
  35. 35. • Questions! Swirly Milk. – What happened to the milk? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • How Swirly Milk Works – When you introduce detergent to the milk, several things happen at once. • The detergent breaks the surface tension (skin on the top of the water). • Food coloring is now free to flow through the milk. • Detergent reacts with milk…Creates motion. • Detergent also breaks up fat in milk / pushes color around. • Continues for awhile and then stops. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. New Area of Focus: Properties of Water.New Area of Focus: Properties of Water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. Properties of Water: Water has uniqueProperties of Water: Water has unique properties because of it’s lopsided + and –properties because of it’s lopsided + and – ends.ends. - + + Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. Some water basicsSome water basics -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius, andWater freezes at 0 degrees Celsius, and boils at 100 degrees.boils at 100 degrees. Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit (F)Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit (F) and boils at 212 degrees F (Sea-Level)and boils at 212 degrees F (Sea-Level) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius, andWater freezes at 0 degrees Celsius, and boils at 100 degrees.boils at 100 degrees. – Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit (F)Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit (F) and boils at 212 degrees F (Sea-Level)and boils at 212 degrees F (Sea-Level) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. Water weighs 28.3 Kilograms per cubicWater weighs 28.3 Kilograms per cubic foot.foot. Weight: 62.416 pounds per cubic foot atWeight: 62.416 pounds per cubic foot at 32°F (It’s heavy).32°F (It’s heavy). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. Water weighs 28.3 Kilograms per cubicWater weighs 28.3 Kilograms per cubic foot.foot. Weight: 62.416 pounds per cubic foot at 32°FWeight: 62.416 pounds per cubic foot at 32°F (It’s heavy).(It’s heavy). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Water from your tap weighs the same as this water.
  55. 55. Density: 1 gram per cubic centimeter.Density: 1 gram per cubic centimeter. More facts about water at…. http://www.scienc ekids.co.nz/scienc efacts/water.html
  56. 56. • Mini area of Focus: Volume, Liter, l How is your HW? I Love the Metric System
  57. 57. • Volume: The three-dimensional space an object occupies. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Metric
  58. 58. • Volume and Density Available Sheet. – Additional classwork / homework
  59. 59. • The standard unit of volume in the metric system is the liter. – A liter is 1000 milliliters Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Always measure a liquid at the bottom of the curved meniscus. – How many milliliters is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Answer: 6.8 ml (milliliters) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Answer: 6.8 ml (milliliters) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Activity! – Please fill a measured container with 100 ml of liquid. Add one drop of food coloring. – Please fill another container with 500 ml of water. Add a different drop. Mix the colors. I hope you are current on your homework. I love the Metric System and Want to Use it.
  64. 64. • Activity! • Use the colored liquid to measure 100 ml in a 100 ml graduated cylinder. – Use the cups nearby for the extra fluid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • Volume is also the space that matter occupies. – Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • Volume is also the space that matter occupies. – Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • How do you find the volume of a cube? – Length x Width x Height - ____cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • How do you find the volume of a cube? – Length x Width x Height = ____cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • Activity! Finding the volume of a cube. – Please measure the length, width and height and multiply L x W x H to get answer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • What is the volume of this cube? 5 cm 5cm 5 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Answer: 53 or 5 x 5 x 5 = 5 cm 5cm 5 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Answer: 53 or 5 x 5 x 5 = 125 cm3 5 cm 5cm 5 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • What is the volume of this cube? 40 cm 40 cm 40 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Answer! 40 x 40 x 40 = 40 cm 40 cm 40 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Answer! 40 x 40 x 40 = 64,000 cm3 40 cm 40 cm 40 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • What is the volume of this rectangle? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Answer! 144 cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • What is the volume of this rectangle? Each unit is equal to 1 cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Answer! 5 (L) x 4 (W) x 3 (H) = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Answer! 5 (L) x 4 (W) x 3 (H) = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • Answer! 5 (L) x 4 (W) x 3 (H) = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Answer! 5 (L) x 4 (W) x 3 (H) = 60 cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • Find the volume of the density cubes? 2.5 cm 2.5 cm 2.5 cm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Answer! 15.625 cm3 2.5 cm 2.5 cm 2.5 cm
  85. 85. • Answer! 15.625 cm3 2.5 cm 2.5 cm 2.5 cm Finding volume. Learn more at… http://www.helpingwithmath.com/by_subject/ geometry/geo_volume.htm
  86. 86. • Volume of a cylinder: Where Pi = 3.14 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Volume of a cylinder: Where Pi = 3.14 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Diamete r
  88. 88. • Volume of a cylinder: Where Pi = 3.14 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Activity! Can you find the volume of the cylinder below using the equation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Volume = π x r2 x h Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume to be π(102 )(7) = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume to be π(102 )(7) = • PEMDAS – Must do exponents first Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume to be π(102 )(7) = • PEMDAS – Must do exponents first • Volume to be 3.14 (100 )(7) = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume to be π(102 )(7) = • PEMDAS – Must do exponents first • Volume to be 3.14 (100 )(7) = 2,198 cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h r 8 cm Height 20 cm
  96. 96. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (82) (20) r 8 cm Height 20 cm
  97. 97. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (82) (20) • Volume = 3.14 (64) (20) r 8 cm Height 20 cm
  98. 98. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (82) (20) • Volume = 3.14 (64) (20) • Volume = 4019.2 cm3 r 8 cm Height 20 cm
  99. 99. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h r 60 cm Height 510 cm
  100. 100. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (602) (510) r 60 cm Height 510 cm
  101. 101. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (602) (510) • Volume = 3.14 (3600) (510) r 60 cm Height 510 cm
  102. 102. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (602) (510) • Volume = 3.14 (3600) (510) • Volume = 5,765,040 cm3 r 60 cm Height 510 cm
  103. 103. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h π = 3.14 r = 175 h = 20
  104. 104. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (1752) (20) π = 3.14 r = 175 h = 20
  105. 105. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (1752) (20) • Volume = 3.14 (30,625) (20) π = 3.14 r = 175 h = 20
  106. 106. • What is the volume of this cylinder? • Volume = π x r2 x h • Volume = 3.14 (1752) (20) • Volume = 3.14 (30,625) (20) • Volume = 1,923,250 cm3 π = 3.14 r = 175 h = 20
  107. 107. • Activity! Assume the soda can is a perfect cylinder. What is it’s volume.
  108. 108. • Activity! Assume the soda can is a perfect cylinder. What is it’s volume. h = 12 cm R = 3 cm
  109. 109. • Activity! Assume the soda can is a perfect cylinder. What is it’s volume. h = 12 cm R = 3 cm V = π r2 h
  110. 110. • Activity! Assume the soda can is a perfect cylinder. What is it’s volume. h = 12 cm R = 3 cm V = π r2 h V = π 32 h
  111. 111. • Activity! Assume the soda can is a perfect cylinder. What is it’s volume. h = 12 cm R = 3 cm V = π r2 h V = π 32 h V = 3.14 (9) (12) =
  112. 112. • Activity! Assume the soda can is a perfect cylinder. What is it’s volume. h = 12 cm R = 3 cm V = π r2 h V = π 32 h V = 3.14 (9) (12) = 339.12 cm3
  113. 113. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  114. 114. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  115. 115. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  116. 116. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  117. 117. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  118. 118. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  119. 119. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  120. 120. • How much is Bowser by water displacement? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  121. 121. • What is the volume of Toad? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  122. 122. • What is the volume of Toad? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  123. 123. • What is the volume of Toad? 1000 ml 500 ml 500m l 1000ml
  124. 124. • What is the volume of Toad? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  125. 125. • What is the volume of Toad? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  126. 126. • What is the volume of Toad? 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  127. 127. • What is the volume of Toad? • Answer: 100 ml 1000 ml 1000ml 500 ml 500m l
  128. 128. • How many milliliters is the toy scuba diver by using water displacement? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Answer: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Answer: About 16 ml. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Activity! Please find the volume of the irregular shaped objects using water displacement. – Draw each object and provide its volume next to the picture (cm3). – Use the graduated cylinders and other measuring containers. – Please don’t make a mess! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Activity Extension. • Blow up a small balloon and use water and a graduated cylinder to determine the volume of air in the balloon.
  133. 133. • Activity Extension. • Blow up a small balloon and use water and a graduated cylinder to determine the volume of air in the balloon.
  134. 134. • Density: How much mass is contained in a given volume. We use grams/cm3 – (grams per cubic centimeter) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. • Density: How much mass is contained in a given volume. We use grams/cm3 – (grams per cubic centimeter) – Density = Mass divided by volume Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136. • Density: How much mass is contained in a given volume. We use grams/cm3 – (grams per cubic centimeter) – Density = Mass divided by volume Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Mass D = ------------- = grams/cm3 Volume
  137. 137. • What is the density of this cube if it weighs 100 grams? 1 cm
  138. 138. • What is the density of this cube if it weighs 100 grams? • 33 = 27 cm3 1 cm
  139. 139. • What is the density of this cube if it weighs 100 grams? • 33 = 27 cm3 • D = M/V 1 cm
  140. 140. • What is the density of this cube if it weighs 100 grams? • 33 = 27 cm3 • D = M/V • Mass = 100g 1 cm
  141. 141. • What is the volume of this cube if it weighs 100 grams? • 33 = 27 cm3 • D = M/V • Mass = 100g • 100g/27cm3 1 cm
  142. 142. • What is the volume of this cube if it weighs 100 grams? • 33 = 27 cm3 • D = M/V • Mass = 100g • 100g/27cm3 • D = 3.7 g/cm3 1 cm
  143. 143. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong M = 15 g V = 30 cm3 Yoshi M = 6g V = 8 cm3 Mario M = 8g V = 10cm3 Goomba M = 8g V = 6
  144. 144. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong M = 15 g V = 30 cm3 Yoshi M = 6g V = 8 cm3 Mario M = 8g V = 10cm3 Goomba M = 8g V = 6
  145. 145. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. 5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  146. 146. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  147. 147. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  148. 148. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  149. 149. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  150. 150. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  151. 151. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  152. 152. • Please determine the densities of the following characters. Who is most dense? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  153. 153. • Which one will sink in water? Donkey Kong. .5 g/cm3 Yoshi .75 g/cm3 Mario .8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  154. 154. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 500 ml 1000ml 500ml l
  155. 155. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 500 ml 1000ml 500ml 1000 ml
  156. 156. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml 1000 ml 500 ml
  157. 157. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  158. 158. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  159. 159. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  160. 160. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  161. 161. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g • Density = 200g / 250cm3 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  162. 162. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g • Density = 200g / 250cm3 • Density = .8 g/cm3 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  163. 163. What’s the Density of Wario? His Mass is 200g • Density = 200g / 250cm3 • Density = .8 g/cm3 1000 ml 1000ml 500ml500 ml
  164. 164. • An object will float in water. – Density of less than one = float. – Density of more than one = sink. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • An object will float in water. – Density of less than one = float. – Density of more than one = sink. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • An object will float in water. – Density of less than one = float. – Density of more than one = sink. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. • Which object from the tank below has a density of more than one g/cm3.
  168. 168. • Which object from the tank below has a density of more than one g/cm3.
  169. 169. • Activity (Optional) Finding density. – Go back to the irregular shaped objects, weigh them in grams and determine their density. • Which objects will float, and which will sink? • Remember your answer is in grams / cm3
  170. 170. • How can we determine the density of a person? – Measuring the L x W x H is difficult because we aren’t made of boxes.
  171. 171. • Activity Sheet Available: Density and Volume
  172. 172. • Finding the Density of a student (Optional)
  173. 173. • Finding the Density of a student (Optional)
  174. 174. Cut hole in trash barrel and wrap Duct tape / seal any leak
  175. 175. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage can and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage can and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage barrel and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage barrel and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage barrel and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage barrel and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. • Activity! Finding the volume of a person by water displacement. – First we need to find out the volume of a large bucket. – Cut hole in side of plastic garbage barrel and stick hose in with leak prevention. – Next we need to fill it with some warm water. – Next we need a smaller person to submerge themselves slowly, as we catch all the water. – Measure all of the water displaced, then we will weigh student to find the students density. D=M/V Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. Fill barrel and let water spill out until it stops. Cut hole in trash barrel and wrap Duct tape / seal any leak
  183. 183. Collect Displace d Water Safety of the person needs to be priority!
  184. 184. Collect And measure displace d water 10,000 ml Empty bucket at every 10,000 ml and keep track.
  185. 185. Collect And measure displace d water 10,000 ml Empty bucket at every 10,000 ml and keep track. Have 1000 ml container handy to measure What is left at end
  186. 186. • Please calculate the density of the student volunteer. • Density = Mass (g) divided by volume (cm3) • Example- 45,000g divided by 40,000cm3 = 1.125 g/cm3
  187. 187. • Density: How much mass is contained in aDensity: How much mass is contained in a given volume. We use grams/cmgiven volume. We use grams/cm33 – (grams per cubic centimeter)(grams per cubic centimeter) – Density = Mass divided by volumeDensity = Mass divided by volume Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Mass D = ------------- = grams/cm3 Volume
  188. 188. • Density: How muchDensity: How much massmass is contained in ais contained in a given volume. We usegiven volume. We use gramsgrams/cm/cm33 – ((gramsgrams per cubic centimeter)per cubic centimeter) – Density = Mass divided by volumeDensity = Mass divided by volume Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Mass D = ------------- = grams/cm3 Volume
  189. 189. • Density: How muchDensity: How much massmass is contained in ais contained in a givengiven volumevolume. We use. We use gramsgrams//cmcm33 – ((gramsgrams perper cubic centimetercubic centimeter)) – Density = Mass divided by volumeDensity = Mass divided by volume Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Mass D = ------------- = grams/cm3 Volume
  190. 190. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  191. 191. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  192. 192. • The word “miscibility” describes how well two substances mix. • Oil and water are said to be “immiscible,” because they do not mix. • The oil layer is on top of the water because of the difference in density of the two liquids. – The density of a substance is the ratio of its mass (weight) to its volume. The oil is less dense than the water and so is on top. The corn syrup is the most dense so it is on the bottom.
  193. 193. • The word “miscibility” describes how well two substances mix. • Oil and water are said to be “immiscible,” because they do not mix. • The oil layer is on top of the water because of the difference in density of the two liquids. – The density of a substance is the ratio of its mass (weight) to its volume. The oil is less dense than the water and so is on top. The corn syrup is the most dense so it is on the bottom.
  194. 194. • The word “miscibility” describes how well two substances mix. • Oil and water are said to be “immiscible,” because they do not mix. • The oil layer is on top of the water because of the difference in density of the two liquids. – The density of a substance is the ratio of its mass (weight) to its volume. The oil is less dense than the water and so is on top. The corn syrup is the most dense so it is on the bottom.
  195. 195. • The word “miscibility” describes how well two substances mix. • Oil and water are said to be “immiscible,” because they do not mix. • The oil layer is on top of the water because of the difference in density of the two liquids. – The density of a substance is the ratio of its mass (weight) to its volume. The oil is less dense than the water and so it’s on top. The corn syrup is the most dense so it’s on the bottom.
  196. 196. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  197. 197. Structure: HStructure: H220 (water) One oxygen0 (water) One oxygen bound by two hydrogen.bound by two hydrogen. Oxygen shares one electron with eachOxygen shares one electron with each hydrogen atom.hydrogen atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. Structure: HStructure: H220 (water) One oxygen0 (water) One oxygen bound by two hydrogen.bound by two hydrogen. Oxygen shares one electron with eachOxygen shares one electron with each hydrogen atom.hydrogen atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen
  199. 199. Structure: HStructure: H220 (water) One oxygen0 (water) One oxygen bound by two hydrogen.bound by two hydrogen. Oxygen shares one electron with eachOxygen shares one electron with each hydrogen atom.hydrogen atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen HH
  200. 200. Structure: HStructure: H220 (water) One oxygen0 (water) One oxygen bound by two hydrogen.bound by two hydrogen. Oxygen shares one electron with eachOxygen shares one electron with each hydrogen atom.hydrogen atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen HH Hydrogen
  201. 201. Structure: HStructure: H220 (water) One oxygen0 (water) One oxygen bound by two hydrogen.bound by two hydrogen. Oxygen shares one electron with eachOxygen shares one electron with each hydrogen atom.hydrogen atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen HH Hydrogen
  202. 202. Structure: HStructure: H220 (water) One oxygen0 (water) One oxygen bound by two hydrogen.bound by two hydrogen. Oxygen shares one electron with eachOxygen shares one electron with each hydrogen atom.hydrogen atom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen HH Hydrogen
  203. 203. ?
  204. 204. ?
  205. 205. ?
  206. 206. ?
  207. 207. ?
  208. 208. ?
  209. 209. Polar molecule: One end of the waterPolar molecule: One end of the water molecule tends to have a positive chargemolecule tends to have a positive charge while the other has a negative charge.while the other has a negative charge. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. “Am I polar or non-polar?”
  211. 211. “Am I polar or non-polar?”
  212. 212. • Which molecule below is polar?Which molecule below is polar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213. • Which molecule below is polar?Which molecule below is polar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. • Which molecule below is polar?Which molecule below is polar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • Which molecule below is polar?Which molecule below is polar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. • Which molecule below is polar?Which molecule below is polar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. • Polar molecule: One end of the waterPolar molecule: One end of the water molecule tends to have a positive chargemolecule tends to have a positive charge while the other has a negative charge.while the other has a negative charge. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. • Video Link (Optional) Water droplet in slow motion, some properties of this polar molecule. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vExvaDnlTSw
  219. 219. Non-polar (lipids) equal charge.Non-polar (lipids) equal charge. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. Or….
  221. 221. Learn more about polar and nonpolar molecules at… http://www.school-for- champions.com/chemistry/polar_molecules.htm
  222. 222. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  223. 223. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  224. 224. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  225. 225. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  226. 226. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  227. 227. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  228. 228. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  229. 229. • Layering liquids with different densities. • Use a clear container and add the following in this order…. – Corn Syrup – Water (food Coloring) – Vegetable Oil
  230. 230. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  231. 231. • Activity! Making a surface tension speed boat. – Break a popsicle stick in half and place a small amount of detergent on the end. – Place on a plate of water. – You only get one shot at this so enjoy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. • Questions to speed boat. – Sketch your boat in your journal and describe it’s journey. – Why do you think the boat moved around? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  233. 233. • You can now complete this question.
  234. 234. • You can now complete this question.
  235. 235. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  236. 236. • Activity! Polarity of water and observing cohesion – Add one drop of water to wax paper and sketch what it does. – Move the drop around. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. • Which is polar, and which is non-polar? Wax Paper Water Droplets
  238. 238. • Which is polar, and which is non-polar? Wax Paper = Non-Polar Water Droplets Polar
  239. 239. • Which is polar, and which is non-polar? Wax Paper = Non-Polar +/+ Water Droplets Polar
  240. 240. • Which is polar, and which is non-polar? Wax Paper = Non-Polar -/- Water Droplets Polar
  241. 241. • Which is polar, and which is non-polar? Wax Paper = Non-Polar -/- Water Droplets Polar +/-
  242. 242. • What did the molecules attach to? Why? Wax Paper Water Droplets
  243. 243. • What did the molecules attach to? Why? – Answer: Because the water molecules are polar, they attached to themselves and stayed in a drop. The wax paper is non-polar, so the water did not mix with it. Water Droplets
  244. 244. • Many products use polarity to help waterproof materials.
  245. 245. • Activity! Building our own Lava Lamps.
  246. 246. • Everyone needs a clear 20 oz bottle + cap. – If you want to create a larger lamp (2 liter) please bring in your own vegetable oil. • Remove wrapper / label. • Fill the bottle about ¾ with vegetable oil. • Fill the rest of the bottle with clean water almost to the very top. • Add many drops of food coloring (15 ish), more if you have a larger bottle. – You can experiment with colors if you wish. • Cap and enjoy. (Anyone have a flashlight)
  247. 247. • Extension Lava Lamp. – Break one Alka-Seltzer into a few pieces and add them. What happens?
  248. 248. • How does the lava lamp work?
  249. 249. • How does the lava lamp work? – Water and oil do not mix. One is non-polar (oil) while the other is polar (water).
  250. 250. • How does the lava lamp work? – Water and oil do not mix. One is non-polar (oil) while the other is polar (water). – Food coloring is also polar and only mixes with the water.
  251. 251. • How does the lava lamp work? – Water and oil do not mix. One is non-polar (oil) while the other is polar (water). – Food coloring is also polar and only mixes with the water. – Oil is less dense than water so it floats on top.
  252. 252. • What was happened when you added the pieces of Alka-Seltzer? Why?
  253. 253. • What was happened when you added the pieces of Alka-Seltzer? Why? – The Alka-Seltzer reacted with the water and released carbon dioxide gas.
  254. 254. • What was happened when you added the pieces of Alka-Seltzer? Why? – The Alka-Seltzer reacted with the water and released carbon dioxide gas. – These CO2 bubbles mix with water and food coloring and float to the top.
  255. 255. • What was happened when you added the pieces of Alka-Seltzer? Why? – The Alka-Seltzer reacted with the water and released carbon dioxide gas. – These CO2 bubbles mix with water and food coloring and float to the top. When the bubble pops the CO2 leaves at the top and the water and food coloring sink back down (denser).
  256. 256. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  257. 257. • Activity Demonstration! Oil and Water don’t… ________? – Add a few drops of vegetable oil to a clear Petri- dish using an overhead projector. – Describe what happens? – What happens when two oil bubbles meet? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  258. 258. • Answer: When two (Non-polar) oil bubbles meet, they join together to form a large bubble. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  259. 259. • Answer: When two (Non-polar) oil bubbles meet, they join together to form a large bubble. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  260. 260. • Add a few drops of food coloring to the mix. – How is the reaction different? – Is food coloring polar or non-polar? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  261. 261. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  262. 262. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  265. 265. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  266. 266. • Where have we seen the picture below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  267. 267. • Oil and water don’t mix. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  268. 268. • Oil and water don’t mix. An oil spill can cause severe damage to aquatic systems because of this property. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. Learn more about the Exxon Valdez at… http://www.eoearth.org/article/Exxon_Valdez_oil_spill?topic=58075
  270. 270. • The BP “Deep Horizon” Oil rig disaster in 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico.
  271. 271. Gulf Oil Spill. Learn more at… http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deepwater_Horizon_o il_spill
  272. 272. • The broken well was finally capped and estimates are somewhere around 4.9 million barrels of oil were spilt into the gulf ecosystem. – 11 People lost their life in the explosion. – The spill caused extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and to the Gulf's fishing and tourism industries.
  273. 273. • The broken well was finally capped and estimates are somewhere around 4.9 million barrels of oil were spilt into the gulf ecosystem. – 11 People lost their life in the explosion. – The spill caused extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and to the Gulf's fishing and tourism industries.
  274. 274. • The broken well was finally capped and estimates are somewhere around 4.9 million barrels of oil were spilt into the gulf ecosystem. – 11 People lost their life in the explosion. – The spill caused extensive damage to marine and wildlife habitats and to the Gulf's fishing and tourism industries.
  275. 275. Oil (Non-Polar) Water (Polar)
  276. 276. • Reading! Each table group will be assigned one of the questions in bold to answer for the class. – Read the article and prepare a short presentation to answer your question. – http://www.nwf.org/Kids/Ranger-Rick/People-and- Places/Ranger-Rick-on-The-Big-Oil-Spill.aspx
  277. 277. • Activity! “Ahh-Muck” (Worksheet) – Group will try to clean and contain oil spill. – Use the tools provided (next slide) – Answer Questions after activity. – Learn more at… http://www.nationalgeographic.com/educator- resources/oil-spills/activity/oil-spill-cleanup/ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  278. 278. • Let’s learn some terminology associated with oil spill clean up. – http://images.nationalgeographic.com/wpf/media -content/file/0774_worksheet-oil_marine- environment-cb1284232126.pdf
  279. 279. Which technique will work better?
  280. 280. • Activity! “Ahh-Muck” Oil Spill Set-up Oil Spill (Vegetable Oil) Oil Containment (Cup) Skimmer (string) CottonDetergent Dropper Sea Creature Tray and Water
  281. 281. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – How difficult was it to remove all of the oil? • What strategies worked the best? – Why was it difficult to remove the oil? – How much do you think it would cost to clean up a large scale oil spill?
  282. 282. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – How difficult was it to remove all of the oil?
  283. 283. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – How difficult was it to remove all of the oil? – Extremely difficult. The waves and surf dispersed the oil into small droplets that covered and stuck to everything. Getting it all was near impossible.
  284. 284. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – How difficult was it to remove all of the oil? • What strategies worked the best?
  285. 285. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – What strategies worked the best? • A combination of all of the strategies worked. No matter what was used, it was all a lot of work.
  286. 286. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – Why was it difficult to remove the oil?
  287. 287. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – Why was it difficult to remove the oil? – It was difficult to remove the oil because of it’s (Non-polar) physical properties.
  288. 288. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – How much do you think it would cost to clean up a large scale oil spill? – Cleaning up an oil spill must cost a lot of money. Supplies and labor must cost a lot. I imagine the used oil must also cost to dispose of.
  289. 289. • Follow-up “Ahh-Muck” – How much do you think it would cost to clean up a large scale oil spill? – Cleaning up an oil spill must cost a lot of money. Supplies and labor must cost a lot. I imagine the used oil must also cost to dispose of.
  290. 290. • You can now complete this question.
  291. 291. • You can now complete this question.
  292. 292. • You can also complete this question.
  293. 293. Cohesion: When hydrogen bonds holdCohesion: When hydrogen bonds hold water molecules together.water molecules together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  294. 294. • Activity! Trying to form a water droplet. – Everyone first try and stand inside the Hula-Hoop without holding on to each other. – Make sure area is safe, move all objects that could cause injury away. – Next, hold hands with the person across from you as hydrogen does with oxygen. – Can everyone stand up inside the Hula-Hoop without falling. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  295. 295. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  296. 296. • Your lab table should be kept neat and orderly. It should not end up looking like this. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  297. 297. • Your lab table should be kept neat and orderly. It should not end up looking like this. – Note: Use eyedropper vertically. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  298. 298. • Your lab table should be kept neat and orderly. It should not end up looking like this. – Note: Use eyedropper vertically. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  299. 299. • Cohesion on a penny. – How many drops of water can you get on a penny? – Make pictures in your journal at 1, 10, and your last drop.
  300. 300. • Does the side of the penny make a difference? Heads vs. Tails. Trial 1 2 3 Heads Tails Average Heads = Average Tails =
  301. 301. • The water molecules attach to each other which gives the dome of water some strength.
  302. 302. • The water molecules attach to each other which gives the large mass of water some strength. Hula-Hoop Activity?
  303. 303. • The water molecules attach to each other which gives the large mass of water some strength. Hula-Hoop Activity?
  304. 304. • Video Link! Optional – Water on a Penny Close-Up – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8O8PuMkiimg
  305. 305. • Activity! Cohesion on a penny prediction. – Smear some detergent on the penny. – Will that increase or decrease the number of drops you can get? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  306. 306. • Activity! Cohesion on a penny prediction. – Smear some detergent on the penny. – Will that increase or decrease the number of drops you can get? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  307. 307. • Activity! Cohesion on a penny prediction. – Smear some detergent on the penny. – Will that increase or decrease the number of drops you can get? Why? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “What’s the point?”
  308. 308. • Video! How does water behave in microgravity. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bgC-ocnTTto Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  309. 309. • Video! Water on the ISS – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s63JXdsL5LU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  310. 310. • You can now complete this question.
  311. 311. Adhesion: When water molecules hold to aAdhesion: When water molecules hold to a surface.surface. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  312. 312. • Activity! Transporting Water across your table using adhesion. – Tie knots at the end of thick string. – Secure string to the bottom of two clear plastic cups. – Fill one with water and food coloring and hold high in the air. – Keep the other near the table. – Slowly pour the contents down the string to the cup on the table. Adhesion!
  313. 313. • Activity! Transporting Water across your table using adhesion. – Tie knots at the end of thick string. – Dip string into water. – Secure string to two clear plastic cups. How you do this will determine your success. – Fill one with water and food coloring and hold high in the air and pinch string with finger. – Keep the other near the table / lower. – Slowly pour the contents down the wet string to the cup on the table. Adhesion!
  314. 314. • Activity! Transporting Water across your table using adhesion. – Tie knots at the end of thick string. – Secure string to the bottom of two clear plastic cups. – Fill one with water and food coloring and hold high in the air. – Keep the other near the table. – Slowly pour the contents down the string to the cup on the table. Adhesion!
  315. 315. A meniscus is the curved surface at theA meniscus is the curved surface at the top of a column of liquid caused bytop of a column of liquid caused by adhesion to the glass.adhesion to the glass. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  316. 316. A meniscus is the curved surface at theA meniscus is the curved surface at the top of a column of liquid caused bytop of a column of liquid caused by adhesion to the glass.adhesion to the glass. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  317. 317. A meniscus is the curved surface at theA meniscus is the curved surface at the top of a column of liquid caused bytop of a column of liquid caused by adhesion to the glass.adhesion to the glass. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  318. 318. • Always measure a liquid at the bottom of the curved meniscus. – How many milliliters is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  319. 319. • Answer: 6.8 ml (milliliters) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  320. 320. • Answer: 6.8 ml (milliliters) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  321. 321. Learn more about adhesion and cohesion of water at… http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/adhesion.html
  322. 322. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  323. 323. • Please trace a glass slide twice into your journal. Label accordingly Before After
  324. 324. • Activity: Adhesion on a glass slide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  325. 325. • Activity: Adhesion on a glass slide. – Please place 4 drops of water on your table. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  326. 326. • Activity! Adhesion follow-up. – Gently place the glass slide on top of the water droplet. – Record finding in your journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  327. 327. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy After
  328. 328. • Questions: Adhesion on glass slide. – What happened to the water drop? – Why is it hard to lift the slide after the drop smeared? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  329. 329. • Questions: Adhesion on glass slide. – What happened to the water drop? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  330. 330. • Questions: Adhesion on glass slide. – What happened to the water drop? – Answer: The water spread out between the glass and the table because of adhesion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  331. 331. • Questions: Adhesion on glass slide. – Why is it hard to lift the slide after the drop smeared? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  332. 332. • Questions: Adhesion on glass slide. – Why is it hard to lift the slide after the drop smeared? – The water molecules adhered to the table, glass, and other water molecules. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  333. 333. • You can now complete this question.
  334. 334. • You can now complete this question.
  335. 335. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  336. 336. • Activity! Adhesion and Capillary Action. – Please dip one end of the celery into a container with red food coloring. – Record your observations in your journal every few minutes with pictures and text. – Leave the celery in the water for overnight. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  337. 337. • Questions: Celery and Adhesion. – Explain your observations in terms of the water molecules. – How did they climb up the celery? – Why is this important to many plants? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  338. 338. • Questions: Celery and Adhesion. – Explain your observations in terms of the water molecules. – How did they climb up the celery? – Why is this important to many plants? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about capillary action at… http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/capillaryaction.html
  339. 339. Capillary action: When water climbs upCapillary action: When water climbs up plants by adhesion.plants by adhesion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  340. 340. Capillary action: When water climbs upCapillary action: When water climbs up plants by adhesion.plants by adhesion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  341. 341. Capillary action: When water climbs upCapillary action: When water climbs up plants by adhesion.plants by adhesion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  342. 342. Capillary action: When water climbs upCapillary action: When water climbs up plants by adhesion.plants by adhesion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  343. 343. Chromatography: A method used toChromatography: A method used to separate complex mixtures using adhesion.separate complex mixtures using adhesion. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  344. 344. • Available Sheet: Properties of Water. – Note: This will be due at the end of Part II. – Bring to class everyday.
  345. 345. • Activity! Dissection!
  346. 346. • Activity! Dissection! We are going to dissect this black dot.
  347. 347. • Activity! Chromatography and Adhesion.
  348. 348. • Activity! Chromatography and Adhesion. • Black dot must not touch the water!
  349. 349. • Activity! Dissecting a black dot. – Challenge, Separate all of the colors of a black dot. – Procedure: Make a black dot on the bottom of the coffee filter paper with black vis-à-vis marker (cut into long rectangles). – Place bottom of coffee filter in water. • (Dot needs to stay above water level.) – Keep the bottom of the coffee filter in the water for 10 minutes – Record results in a drawing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  350. 350. • Questions? – What colors are a black dot made of? – Which colors are the heaviest / most dense and the lightest / least dense. • Note: Dense colors are near the bottom, Less dense are at the top.
  351. 351. • Less Dense = Red
  352. 352. • Less Dense = Red • More Dense = Yellowish
  353. 353. • You can now complete this question.
  354. 354. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  355. 355. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  356. 356. Donkey Kong. 1.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  357. 357. Donkey Kong. 1.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  358. 358. Donkey Kong. 1.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  359. 359. Donkey Kong. 1.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  360. 360. Donkey Kong. 1.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  361. 361. Donkey Kong. 1.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  362. 362. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  363. 363. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  364. 364. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  365. 365. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/cm3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  366. 366. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/c3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  367. 367. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/c3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  368. 368. Donkey Kong. 0.5 g/cm3 Yoshi 1.75 g/cm3 Mario 1.8 g/c3 Goomba 1.3 g/cm3
  369. 369. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  370. 370. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  371. 371. • You can now record information about the pictures below in the white space and then neatly color the pictures.
  372. 372. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  373. 373. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  374. 374. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  375. 375. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination “Please make it colorful, deals with surface tension”
  376. 376. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  377. 377. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  378. 378. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  379. 379. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  380. 380. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  381. 381. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  382. 382. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  383. 383. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  384. 384. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  385. 385. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  386. 386. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  387. 387. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  388. 388. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  389. 389. The vogaer space proble taking a picture of the Earth 6 Billion miles away – The blue planet b/c of all the water Survival / Health Househol d Recreatio nal Industrial Transport ation Agricultur al Place text about the reading and images and how thankful you are for living in an area with water and stable government. Discuss ways to conserve groundwater from what we learned in class. Discuss the Love Canal Tragedy. Make references to ground water contamination
  390. 390. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php? p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx? journal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  391. 391. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.sciencedaily.com/ • http://www.sciencemag.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx? journal=tst
  392. 392. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  393. 393. Areas of Focus within the Water Molecule Unit: Locations of Water on the Planet, Importance of Water, Groundwater, Groundwater Pollution, The Water Molecule, Properties of Water, Polarity, Cohesion, Adhesion, Capillary Action, High Specific Heat, Water has a Neutral pH, Lower Density of Ice. Water is the Universal Solvent, Mixtures Full unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html
  394. 394. http://www.teacherspay teachers.com/Product/P hysical-Science- Curriculum-596485 http://www.teachersp ayteachers.com/Produ ct/Life-Science- Curriculum-601267 http://www.teachersp ayteachers.com/Produ ct/Earth-Science- Curriculum-590950
  395. 395. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  396. 396. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  397. 397. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed
  398. 398. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/

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