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• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Please make notes legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-Don’t s...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
• Which is the predator and which is prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is the predator and which is prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is the predator and which is prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is the predator and which is prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is the predator and which is prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is the predator and which is prey?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Predator: An organism that lives by preying
on other organisms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Prey: An animal hunted for food.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Prey: An animal hunted for food.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Prey: An animal hunted for food.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• Which letter below represents the
predator, and which represents the prey?
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• Activity Simulation! Learning optimal foraging
techniques and predator prey cycles.
– How are you going to avoid becomin...
• Some techniques to survive this
simulation.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some techniques to survive this
simulation.
– Are you going to be a generalist
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some techniques to survive this
simulation.
– Are you going to be a generalist or specialist?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Rhino left – White Rhino eats grass and lots
of it.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Rhino left – White Rhino eats grass and lots
of it.
• Rhino right – Black Rhino, Browses for best
food and doesn’t eat a...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
• Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and
which is the Black Rhino (specialist)?
– Hint! Their lip can tell you what th...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Generalist doesn’t waste energy looking
for high quality food. Eat the obvious!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Generalist doesn’t waste energy looking
for high quality food. Eat the obvious!
• Specialist uses lots of time and energ...
• Which plant species would the rhinos below
eat?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which plant species would the rhinos below
eat?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which plant species would the rhinos below
eat?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which plant species would the rhinos below
eat?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which plant species would the rhinos below
eat?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review!
–Habitat: The area or environment where an
organism or ecological community
normally lives.
Copyright © 2010 Rya...
• Habitat includes space, take advantage of
safe places to rest such as burrows.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Habitat includes space, take advantage of
safe places to rest such as burrows.
• Take advantage of the food that a habit...
• Habitat includes space, take advantage of
safe places to rest such as burrows.
• Take advantage of the food that a habit...
• Make caches of food.
• Storing food for later.
– Don’t forget where they are.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Swarming: Is a collective behavior
exhibited by animals of similar size which
group together.
– Often moving together, o...
• Swarming: Is a collective behavior
exhibited by animals of similar size which
group together.
– Often moving together, o...
• Video Link! (Optional). Starlings of Otmoor
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XH-
groCeKbE
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Gregarious: Tending to form a group with
others of the same species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Gregarious: Tending to form a group with
others of the same species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• By living in a herd or group, members
make each other aware of danger.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• By living in a herd or group, members
make each other aware of danger.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Observing
• By living in a herd or group, members
make each other aware of danger.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Feeding
• By living in a group, you gain…
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• By living in a group, you gain…
– Young are all born at once.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• By living in a group, you gain…
– Young are all born at once.
– Group can protect and nourish young and each
other.
Copy...
• By living in a group, you gain…
– Young are all born at once.
– Group can protect and nourish young and each
other.
– Fi...
• By living in a group, you gain…
– Young are all born at once.
– Group can protect and nourish young and each
other.
– Fi...
• Flocking:
– Allows birds to take advantage of abundant
food sources.
• A few birds will find the food and the rest take
...
• Flocking:
– Allows birds to take advantage of abundant
food sources.
• A few birds will find the food and the rest take
...
• Flocking:
– Allows birds to take advantage of abundant
food sources.
• A few birds will find the food and the rest take
...
• Flocking:
– Allows birds to take advantage of abundant
food sources.
• A few birds will find the food and the rest take
...
• Schooling
– Schools protect fish from enemies because there
is always safety in numbers. Predators find it
easier to cha...
• Schooling
– Schools protect fish from enemies because there
is always safety in numbers. Predators find it
easier to cha...
• Activity!
• You are a predator.
• Try and focus on this fish.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• They use verbal and visual cues to warn
their group that danger is near.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• They use verbal and visual cues to warn
their group that danger is near.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• They use verbal and visual cues to warn
their group that danger is near.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Herbivores ears can swivel to hear
predators from all directions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Herbivores eyes can see almost all the
way around them because the poke out of
the head.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Herbivores eyes can see almost all the
way around them because the poke out of
the head.
– Note: They don’t see in front...
• Herbivores eyes can see almost all the
way around them because the poke out of
the head.
– Note: They don’t see in front...
• Herbivores can have powerful legs that
are streamlined for running great
distances, and kicking hoofs.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Herbivores can have powerful legs that
are streamlined for running great
distances, and kicking hoofs.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Herbivores will jump and prance to show
predators how fit they are?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Herbivores will jump and prance to show
predators how fit they are?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Herbivores will jump and prance to show
predators how fit they are?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“If you want me,
the...
• Herbivores have strong noses for smelling
predators from a great distance.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How many Zebras are in this picture?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How many Zebras are in this picture?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How many Zebras are in this picture?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How many Zebras are in this picture?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which body goes to which head?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Maybe?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Many animals have coloration patterns
that confused or intimidate predators.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Predators struggle to single out one zebra
for prey.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Even more difficult when they are all running.
 Watch as I go quickly through the next few
slides.
Copyright © 2010 Rya...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger
than it may actually be because of the
curved black lines.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
• Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger
than it may actually be because of the
curved black lines.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
• Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger
than it may actually be because of the
curved black lines. Looks very large!
Cop...
• Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger
than it may actually be because of the
curved black lines. Looks very large!
Cop...
• Add in the visual distortion from rising heat
on the plains, and a herd of zebra
becomes a difficult prey.
Copyright © 2...
• Add in the visual distortion from rising heat
on the plains, and a herd of zebra
becomes a difficult prey.
Copyright © 2...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video Link! (Optional). Crossing the Mara
River in the great wildebeest survival.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rppno...
• Never turn your back!
• Take small bites, and watch your back.
• Use your senses and be alert!
• Predators are always lu...
• Never turn your back!
• Take small bites, and watch your back.
• Use your senses and be alert!
• Predators are always lu...
• Video – How herbivores avoid predation,
and how predators attack.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtnLNmB3Z
NE&feature=...
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
• Set-up of simulation.
Hula-Hoop = Habitat / Safe Zone
Teacher = Predator
Seeds are everywhere in the grass
Grass
White bean = 1
White bean = 1
Red Bean = 5
White bean = 1
Red Bean = 5
Green Bean = 10
White bean = 1
Red Bean = 5
Green Bean = 10
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Directions to Simulation (Round 1).
– Each round, obtain 30 energy units
• White = 1 unit
• Red = 5 units
• Green = 10 u...
• Predator Prey Second Round
• Habitat and Predators
– Same as first, but this time with predators.
– You still need 30 en...
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
• Please record the following questions in your
journal and leave four lines in between
questions for your response.
• Des...
• Predator Prey (Round 3) No habitat
– A shopping plaza has cut habitat in half.
– Only one Hula-Hoop
– Predators still ex...
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• Activity! Indoor Predator Prey Cycle
– Please record the spreadsheet on the next
slide into your journal.
– 11 x 3
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
Generations Rabbits Coyotes
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
• Activity! Predator Prey Cycle
– Have many (300+ per table group) normal note cards
(rabbits) (colored if possible)
– Hav...
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8
Double Coyotes
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32
Coyotes 5 8 12
Double Coyotes
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32 52
Coyotes 5 8 12
Double Rabbits
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32 52
Coyotes 5 8 12
Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Rabbits 20 32 52 70
Coyotes 5 8 12 24
Generations Rabbits Coyotes
1 20 5
2 32 8
3 50 12
4 80 20
5 32 40
6 20 50
7 32 10
8 50 16
9 80 30
10 32 50
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Rabbits
Coyotes
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Rabbits
Coyotes
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Rabbits
Coyotes
Lag
Time
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Rabbits
Coyotes
Lag
Time
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Rabbits
Coyotes
Lag
Time
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Rabbits
Coyotes
Lag
Time
Note: Many other limiting factors can influence...
• Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
• Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
*
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
*
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Any Predictions?
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Typical Predator and Prey population
graph.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Please make some inferences about this
graph.
– Why do the populations rise and fall as they do?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Answer! As prey rise,
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind
them.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind
them. As they rise they overpopulate and many
prey get eaten.
Copyright ...
• Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind
them. As they rise they overpopulate and many
prey get eaten. The predat...
• Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind
them. As they rise they overpopulate and many
prey get eaten. The predat...
• Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind
them. As they rise they overpopulate and many
prey get eaten. The predat...
• Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind
them. As they rise they overpopulate and many
prey get eaten. The predat...
• Predator Prey Simulator (Optional)
– http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/R
abbitsAndWolves/
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a
population to decrease in size.
– Sunlight
– Water
– Temperature
– Disease
– Pa...
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• You can now complete this question on
your bundled homework package.
• Video Link (Optional) Predators and Prey
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZynrBA91fY
• Guess the hidden picture beneath the
boxes.
– Raise your hand when you think you know.
You only get one guess.
Copyright...
• Guess the hidden picture beneath the
boxes.
– Raise your hand when you think you know.
You only get one guess.
Copyright...
• Video Link! (Optional) Ecosystems (Advanced)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ot_KmOTYfRA
• Video Link! Ecology: Rules for Living on
Earth. Watch first few minutes.
– Advanced and Optional
– http://www.youtube.co...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology
Interactions Unit. This unit includes
• 3 Part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint
• ...
Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit:
Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the
Biosphere, ...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• Thank you for your time and interest in this
curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on
how a unit works and l...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint
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This PowerPoint was one very small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html .This unit includes a 3 part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint loaded with activities, project ideas, critical class notes (red slides), review opportunities, challenge questions with answers, 3 PowerPoint review games (125 slides each) and much more. A bundled homework package and detailed unit notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow.
Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thank you again and best wishes.

Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Transcript of "Predator Prey Relationships, Lesson PowerPoint"

  1. 1. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • Which is the predator and which is prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6. • Which is the predator and which is prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • Which is the predator and which is prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Which is the predator and which is prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Which is the predator and which is prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Which is the predator and which is prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11.  Predator: An organism that lives by preying on other organisms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12.  Prey: An animal hunted for food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13.  Prey: An animal hunted for food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14.  Prey: An animal hunted for food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  16. 16. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  17. 17. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  18. 18. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  19. 19. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  20. 20. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  21. 21. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  22. 22. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  23. 23. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  24. 24. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  25. 25. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  26. 26. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  27. 27. • Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?
  28. 28. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  29. 29. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  30. 30. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  31. 31. • Activity Simulation! Learning optimal foraging techniques and predator prey cycles. – How are you going to avoid becoming prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • Some techniques to survive this simulation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Some techniques to survive this simulation. – Are you going to be a generalist Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Some techniques to survive this simulation. – Are you going to be a generalist or specialist? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Rhino left – White Rhino eats grass and lots of it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Rhino left – White Rhino eats grass and lots of it. • Rhino right – Black Rhino, Browses for best food and doesn’t eat as much. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Which is the White Rhino (generalist), and which is the Black Rhino (specialist)? – Hint! Their lip can tell you what they eat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Generalist doesn’t waste energy looking for high quality food. Eat the obvious! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • Generalist doesn’t waste energy looking for high quality food. Eat the obvious! • Specialist uses lots of time and energy to find the energy rich foods. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Which plant species would the rhinos below eat? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Which plant species would the rhinos below eat? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Which plant species would the rhinos below eat? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Which plant species would the rhinos below eat? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Which plant species would the rhinos below eat? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Review! –Habitat: The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. • Take advantage of the food that a habitat has to offer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. • Take advantage of the food that a habitat has to offer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Make caches of food. • Storing food for later. – Don’t forget where they are. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Swarming: Is a collective behavior exhibited by animals of similar size which group together. – Often moving together, or migrating in some direction as a mass. – Schooling, flocking, herding, etc. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Swarming: Is a collective behavior exhibited by animals of similar size which group together. – Often moving together, or migrating in some direction as a mass. – Schooling, flocking, herding, etc. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Video Link! (Optional). Starlings of Otmoor – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XH- groCeKbE Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64.  Gregarious: Tending to form a group with others of the same species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65.  Gregarious: Tending to form a group with others of the same species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • By living in a herd or group, members make each other aware of danger. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • By living in a herd or group, members make each other aware of danger. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Observing
  68. 68. • By living in a herd or group, members make each other aware of danger. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Feeding
  69. 69. • By living in a group, you gain… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • By living in a group, you gain… – Young are all born at once. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • By living in a group, you gain… – Young are all born at once. – Group can protect and nourish young and each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • By living in a group, you gain… – Young are all born at once. – Group can protect and nourish young and each other. – Finding a mate is easy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • By living in a group, you gain… – Young are all born at once. – Group can protect and nourish young and each other. – Finding a mate is easy. – Safety in numbers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Flocking: – Allows birds to take advantage of abundant food sources. • A few birds will find the food and the rest take advantage. – Increases safety / protection – Attract a mate – Raising a family is safer – Aerodynamics in flying / migrating – Warmth from your neighbors Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Flocking: – Allows birds to take advantage of abundant food sources. • A few birds will find the food and the rest take advantage. – Increases safety / protection – Attracting a mate is easier – Raising a family is safer – Aerodynamics in flying / migrating – Warmth from your neighbors Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Flocking: – Allows birds to take advantage of abundant food sources. • A few birds will find the food and the rest take advantage. – Increases safety / protection – Attracting a mate is easier – Raising a family is safer – Aerodynamics in flying / migrating – Warmth from your neighbors Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Disadvantages: Disease spreads, competition, increase in visibility.
  77. 77. • Flocking: – Allows birds to take advantage of abundant food sources. • A few birds will find the food and the rest take advantage. – Increases safety / protection – Attracting a mate is easier – Raising a family is safer – Aerodynamics in flying / migrating – Warmth from your neighbors Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Disadvantages: Disease spreads, competition, increase in visibility. Flocking is helpful or the birds wouldn’t do it…
  78. 78. • Schooling – Schools protect fish from enemies because there is always safety in numbers. Predators find it easier to chase down a fish when it is all alone, than trying to single out a fish from a huge group.
  79. 79. • Schooling – Schools protect fish from enemies because there is always safety in numbers. Predators find it easier to chase down a fish when it is all alone, than trying to single out a fish from a huge group.
  80. 80. • Activity! • You are a predator. • Try and focus on this fish. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • They use verbal and visual cues to warn their group that danger is near. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • They use verbal and visual cues to warn their group that danger is near. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • They use verbal and visual cues to warn their group that danger is near. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Herbivores ears can swivel to hear predators from all directions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Herbivores eyes can see almost all the way around them because the poke out of the head. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. • Herbivores eyes can see almost all the way around them because the poke out of the head. – Note: They don’t see in front very well. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Herbivores eyes can see almost all the way around them because the poke out of the head. – Note: They don’t see in front very well. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Blind Spot
  88. 88. • Herbivores can have powerful legs that are streamlined for running great distances, and kicking hoofs. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Herbivores can have powerful legs that are streamlined for running great distances, and kicking hoofs. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Herbivores will jump and prance to show predators how fit they are? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Herbivores will jump and prance to show predators how fit they are? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Herbivores will jump and prance to show predators how fit they are? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “If you want me, then try and catch me…” “Ha-ha.”
  93. 93. • Herbivores have strong noses for smelling predators from a great distance. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • How many Zebras are in this picture? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • How many Zebras are in this picture? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • How many Zebras are in this picture? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • How many Zebras are in this picture? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Which body goes to which head? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Maybe? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Many animals have coloration patterns that confused or intimidate predators. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Predators struggle to single out one zebra for prey. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • Even more difficult when they are all running.  Watch as I go quickly through the next few slides. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. • Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger than it may actually be because of the curved black lines. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136. • Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger than it may actually be because of the curved black lines. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. • Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger than it may actually be because of the curved black lines. Looks very large! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138. • Stripes also make the Zebra look bigger than it may actually be because of the curved black lines. Looks very large! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about how the stripes aid in zebra survival at.. http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/food- web/?ar_a=1
  139. 139. • Add in the visual distortion from rising heat on the plains, and a herd of zebra becomes a difficult prey. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140. • Add in the visual distortion from rising heat on the plains, and a herd of zebra becomes a difficult prey. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Video Link! (Optional). Crossing the Mara River in the great wildebeest survival. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rppnoYZABFA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. • Never turn your back! • Take small bites, and watch your back. • Use your senses and be alert! • Predators are always lurking. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. • Never turn your back! • Take small bites, and watch your back. • Use your senses and be alert! • Predators are always lurking. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy You if you turn your back tomorrow in the simulation
  147. 147. • Video – How herbivores avoid predation, and how predators attack. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtnLNmB3Z NE&feature=results_video&playnext=1&list=PL DD3AA55406C01593 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  149. 149. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  150. 150. • Set-up of simulation. Hula-Hoop = Habitat / Safe Zone Teacher = Predator Seeds are everywhere in the grass Grass
  151. 151. White bean = 1
  152. 152. White bean = 1 Red Bean = 5
  153. 153. White bean = 1 Red Bean = 5 Green Bean = 10
  154. 154. White bean = 1 Red Bean = 5 Green Bean = 10
  155. 155. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. • Directions to Simulation (Round 1). – Each round, obtain 30 energy units • White = 1 unit • Red = 5 units • Green = 10 units • Seeds are collected at end of each round, they are not rolled over. • If you have less than 30 you die, you will play again soon. • If you have more than 30 you survive again Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • Predator Prey Second Round • Habitat and Predators – Same as first, but this time with predators. – You still need 30 energy units. – You are safe from predators if you are touching Hula-Hoop. – Predators can only walk (no running), only tag someone out if they deliberately don’t stop feeding and run away when you are standing over them making hawk noises. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  165. 165. • Please record the following questions in your journal and leave four lines in between questions for your response. • Describe the competition for resources that you experienced? • What type of seeds did you look for? Why? • How did predators (hawks) affect your feeding? • How did habitat help you? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • Predator Prey (Round 3) No habitat – A shopping plaza has cut habitat in half. – Only one Hula-Hoop – Predators still exist but in smaller numbers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  168. 168. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  169. 169. • Activity! Indoor Predator Prey Cycle – Please record the spreadsheet on the next slide into your journal. – 11 x 3
  170. 170. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  171. 171. Generations Rabbits Coyotes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
  172. 172. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  173. 173. • Activity! Predator Prey Cycle – Have many (300+ per table group) normal note cards (rabbits) (colored if possible) – Have jumbo note cards (different color represent coyotes) – Spread 20 rabbits all over large lab table so no two rabbits are touching but they are all close. – Toss 5 coyote cards onto large lab table to get the most rabbits that you can from a short distance. – If coyote card touches a rabbit then the rabbit is eaten and removed. The coyote reproduces, pick up cards and double them. If coyote misses – It’s dead and removed. Record new number after doubling each round – All the surviving rabbits reproduce as well and then spread onto the table. – Repeat rounds, record statistics on spreadsheet. – Visual of activity on the next series of slides.
  174. 174. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes
  175. 175. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  176. 176. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  177. 177. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  178. 178. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  179. 179. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  180. 180. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  181. 181. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5
  182. 182. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5 8
  183. 183. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 Coyotes 5 8
  184. 184. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8
  185. 185. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8
  186. 186. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8
  187. 187. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8
  188. 188. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8
  189. 189. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8
  190. 190. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8 Double Coyotes
  191. 191. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 Coyotes 5 8 12 Double Coyotes
  192. 192. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 52 Coyotes 5 8 12 Double Rabbits
  193. 193. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 52 Coyotes 5 8 12
  194. 194. Generations 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Rabbits 20 32 52 70 Coyotes 5 8 12 24
  195. 195. Generations Rabbits Coyotes 1 20 5 2 32 8 3 50 12 4 80 20 5 32 40 6 20 50 7 32 10 8 50 16 9 80 30 10 32 50
  196. 196. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  197. 197. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rabbits Coyotes
  198. 198. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rabbits Coyotes
  199. 199. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rabbits Coyotes Lag Time
  200. 200. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rabbits Coyotes Lag Time
  201. 201. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rabbits Coyotes Lag Time
  202. 202. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Rabbits Coyotes Lag Time Note: Many other limiting factors can influence populations besides predators. Disease, seasonal change, water availability, shelter, pollution, climate change, and much more.
  203. 203. • Feeding Simulations Available Sheet.
  204. 204. • Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy *
  205. 205.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy *
  206. 206.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Any Predictions?
  210. 210.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222.  Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. • Please make some inferences about this graph. – Why do the populations rise and fall as they do? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. • Answer! As prey rise, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. • Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. • Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. • Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. • Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. The cycle repeats. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. • Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. The cycle repeats. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. • Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. The cycle repeats. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about predator prey relationships at… http://www.globalchange.umich.edu/globalchange1/current/lec tures/predation/predation.html
  231. 231. • Predator Prey Simulator (Optional) – http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/R abbitsAndWolves/
  232. 232. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  233. 233. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  234. 234. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  235. 235. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  236. 236. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  237. 237. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  238. 238. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  239. 239. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  240. 240. • Limiting Factors: A factor that causes a population to decrease in size. – Sunlight – Water – Temperature – Disease – Parasites – Predators – Competition Density Dependent Factors (Other living things) Density Independent Factors (Non-living / Abiotic)
  241. 241. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  242. 242. • You can now complete this question on your bundled homework package.
  243. 243. • Video Link (Optional) Predators and Prey – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZynrBA91fY
  244. 244. • Guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. • Guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. • Video Link! (Optional) Ecosystems (Advanced) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ot_KmOTYfRA
  247. 247. • Video Link! Ecology: Rules for Living on Earth. Watch first few minutes. – Advanced and Optional – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=izRvPaAWgyw
  248. 248. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  249. 249. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  250. 250. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit. This unit includes • 3 Part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint • 12 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version and answer keys. • 7 pages of unit notes with visuals • 3 PowerPoint review games with answer keys. • Rubrics, games, flash cards and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactio ns_Unit.html
  251. 251. Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species. An entire mini unit of ecological succession is also included with homework, notes, field study project and PowerPoint review game Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html
  252. 252. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  253. 253. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  254. 254. • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
  255. 255. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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