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Precambrian Supereon, Earths Past, Geologic History Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, …

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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  • 1. • Meteorites bombard the planet. – The earth increases in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 3. -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 5. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 6. • Precambrian 4.5 to 3.8 billion years ago. Solar system forms
  • 7. Planet forming disk around a star. (artistic)
  • 8. • Video Link! (Optional) Star and planet formation. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uhy1fucSRQI
  • 9. • Protoplanet: a hypothetical whirling gaseous mass within a giant cloud of gas and dust that rotates around a sun and is believed to give rise to a planet.
  • 10. • Precambrian • Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s – - – - – - – - – -
  • 11. • Precambrian • Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s – - – - – - – - – -
  • 12. • Precambrian • Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s – - – - – - – - – -
  • 13. • Precambrian • Hadean, Archean, and Proterozoic Eon’s – - – - – - – - – -
  • 14. • Earth’s molten layers form (Denser materials go to the middle / core) • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 15. • Formation of Earth’s Crust (cooling). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 16. • Meteorites bombard the planet. – The earth increases in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 17. • Meteorites bombard the planet. – The earth increases in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 18. • Meteorites bombard the planet. – The earth increases in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 19. • How did the moon get here / form?
  • 20. • Theories on how moon was formed? – The Fission Theory: The Moon was once part of the Earth and somehow separated from the Earth early in the history of the Solar System. The present Pacific Ocean basin is the most popular site for the part of the Earth from which the Moon came. – The Capture Theory: The Moon was formed somewhere else, and was later captured by the gravitational field of the earth. – The Condensation Theory: The Moon and the Earth condensed together from the original nebula that formed the Solar System. – The Colliding Planetesimals Theory: The interaction of earth- orbiting and Sun-orbiting planetesimals (very large chunks of rocks like asteroids) early in the history of the Solar System led to their breakup. The Moon condensed from this debris. – The Ejected Ring Theory: A planetesimal the size of Mars struck the earth, ejecting large volumes of matter. A disk of orbiting material was formed, and this matter eventually condensed to form the Moon in orbit around the earth.
  • 21. • Theories on how moon was formed? – The Fission Theory: The Moon was once part of the Earth and somehow separated from the Earth early in the history of the Solar System. The present Pacific Ocean basin is the most popular site for the part of the Earth from which the Moon came. – The Capture Theory: The Moon was formed somewhere else, and was later captured by the gravitational field of the earth. – The Condensation Theory: The Moon and the Earth condensed together from the original nebula that formed the Solar System. – The Colliding Planetesimals Theory: The interaction of earth- orbiting and Sun-orbiting planetesimals (very large chunks of rocks like asteroids) early in the history of the Solar System led to their breakup. The Moon condensed from this debris. – The Ejected Ring Theory: A planetesimal the size of Mars struck the earth, ejecting large volumes of matter. A disk of orbiting material was formed, and this matter eventually condensed to form the Moon in orbit around the earth.
  • 22. Theories on moon formation, Learn more: http://www.universetoday.com/47996/how-was-the-moon- formed/
  • 23. • Video Link! Formation of the moon. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibV4MdN5wo0
  • 24. • Video Link! Formation of the Moon – Longer Version – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8P5ujNwEwM
  • 25. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer.
  • 26. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer.
  • 27. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer.
  • 28. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer.
  • 29. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer. “Thank you Protoplanet Theia for crashing into earth 4.533 Billion years ago.”
  • 30. • Water molecules found inside salt crystals of meteorites.
  • 31. • Water molecules found inside salt crystals of meteorites. – The earth was bombarded for billions of years, each meteorite carrying with it small amounts of liquid water.
  • 32. • Amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins have been found inside meteorites.
  • 33. • Atmosphere originates (No oxygen yet).
  • 34. • Atmosphere originates (No oxygen yet).
  • 35. • Atmosphere originates (No oxygen yet).
  • 36. • The first oceans…
  • 37. • The first oceans…
  • 38. • The first continents
  • 39. • A long time goes by and then…
  • 40. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
  • 41. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
  • 42. • Earliest life begins (primitive protocells).
  • 43. • A long time goes by and then…
  • 44. • Earth became frozen.
  • 45. • Microbes helped produce an oxygen rich atmosphere through photosynthesis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 46. • Microbes helped produce an oxygen rich atmosphere through photosynthesis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 47. • First Multi-cellular life (many cells). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 48. • First Multi-cellular life (many cells). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 49. • First Multi-cellular life (many cells). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 50. • Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria at 3.4 billion years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 51. • Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria at 3.4 billion years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bacteria: Very small single celled organisms.
  • 52. • Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria at 3.4 billion years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bacteria: Very small single celled organisms. -They reproduce by splitting in half.
  • 53. • Picture of earliest fossilized cyanobacteria at 3.4 billion years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bacteria: Very small single celled organisms. -They reproduce by splitting in half. - Very primitive internal structure. No nucleus.
  • 54. • On Origins Optional PowerPoint in activities folder. – This can also be run at the end of the unit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 55. • Supercontinents form (Rodinia)
  • 56. • Explosion of new animals (sea)
  • 57. This black space represents the Precambrian Super-Eon of Earth’s History 87%
  • 58. his black space represents the other 13% of ime. From the first multi-cellular life to now.
  • 59. Human Species
  • 60. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
  • 61. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
  • 62. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Paleozoic Era Mesozoic Era Cenozoic Era
  • 63. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
  • 64. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon
  • 65. 4.56 meters 500 m.y. 500 m.y 250 m.y. 250 Hadeon Eon Archean Eon Proterozoic Eon Paleozoic Era Cenozoic Era
  • 66. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 67. • This part of the PowerPoint roadmap is just one small part of my Geology Topics Unit. This unit includes… • A six part 6,000 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, flashcards, materials list, and much more. • A 18 bundled homework package, modified version, 19 pages of unit notes, 6 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html
  • 68. Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami’s, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks., Age of the Earth, Uniformitarianism, Principle of Superposition, Earth History, Time Units, Timeline of Events, Basic Evolution, Mass Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, Early Mammals, and more. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_U nit.html
  • 69. • This was a very brief tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  • 70. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  • 71. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 72. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  • 73. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link: