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Planet Venus Astronomy Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package,......

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 8 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow and meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and follow up questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation. Teaching Duration = 5+ weeks. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEOs, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Blackholes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Spacetime and much more. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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  • 1. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 3. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 4. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 5. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 6.  Area of Focus: Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 7. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 8. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 9. • Activity! Visit the websites about Venus and record information for the unit assessment. – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/venus.ht ml – http://www.space.com/venus/http://nineplanets.or g/venus.html – http://www.solarspace.co.uk/Venus/venus.php – http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Venus/VenusP lanet.html
  • 10. • Venus Symbol
  • 11. • Venus: The Goddess of Love and Beauty. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 12. • Brightest object in the sky besides the sun and moon.
  • 13. • Brightest object in the sky besides the sun and moon. Morning Star / Evening Star
  • 14. • Where is Venus?
  • 15. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 16. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 17. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 18. • Which planet is larger, Venus or Earth?
  • 19. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – Venus is considered earth’s sister planet because the two are very similar. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 20. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – Venus is considered Earth’s sister planet because the two are very similar in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 21. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – They also are very close to each other, and have a similar composition and density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 22. • Venus is the closest planet to earth.
  • 23. • How fun would it be to visit Venus?
  • 24. • Venus has a constant temperature of 480 Degrees Celsius or 864°F. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 25. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 26. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 27. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 28. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 29. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 30. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 31. “I can’t breathe.” “It burns.”
  • 32. • Pressure on the surface is 90 times that of Earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 33. • Pressure on the surface is 90 times that of Earth. – Equal to being about a mile under the sea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 34. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit.
  • 35. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up!
  • 36. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up! – The atmosphere is toxic!
  • 37. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up! – The atmosphere is toxic! – The pressure would crush you!
  • 38. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 39. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 40. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 41. • The surface of Venus is rather smooth in many places. – However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains.
  • 42. • The surface of Venus is rather smooth in many places. – However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains. However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains.
  • 43. • Elevation image of Venus
  • 44. • Elevation image of Venus
  • 45. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth,
  • 46. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 47. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 48. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 49. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 50. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 51. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 52. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus Note: no evidence that Maat Mons is currently active.
  • 53. • Canyons on Venus,
  • 54. • Canyons on Venus, – Not as deep as the Grand Canyon.
  • 55. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 56. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 57. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 58. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 59. Day on Venus = 243 Earth Days
  • 60. Day on Venus = 243 Earth Days Year on Venus = 224.7 Earth Days
  • 61. • Video! Visiting the surface of Venus. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ro- EG0ZCvKE
  • 62. • Video Link! Venus: A fly by tour (Animation) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HqFVxWfVtoo
  • 63. • Video Link: Recent lava flow from a volcano on Venus. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHqPpz7vXn U&feature=fvst
  • 64. • Video Link! (Optional) Venus and Mercury, – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73VZT6kj2 UA (44:16 minutes)
  • 65. Some Facts about Venus VENUS Distance from Sun 108 million km (67 million miles) 0.72 AU (Earth=1 AU) Length of Day 243 Earth days Length of Year 224.7 Earth days Temperature 462º degrees Celsius Day or Night. 894º F
  • 66. • Try again! Try and guess the picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 67. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 68. • Inner Planetary Topics Review Game Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 69. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  • 70. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.scientificamerican.com/space • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  • 71. • This Solar System Basics and the Sun lesson is just one small part of my Astronomy Topics Unit. This unit includes • A five part 2,800 Slide PowerPoint Presentation / unit roadmap full of activities, review questions, games, video links, materials list, and much more. • A 13 bundled homework package, modified version, 7 pages of unit notes, 4 PowerPoint Review Games of 100+ slides each, videos, rubrics, and much more that all chronologically follow the unit slideshow. • This is a fantastic unit for any Earth Science Class. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
  • 72. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEO’s, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Black holes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Age of the Earth, Time, Earth events in a 12 hour day, Principle of Superposition, Geologic Timescale, Extinction Events, Dinosaurs, and much more. Full Unit found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html
  • 73. • This was a very brief 5 mb tour. Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum package. – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  • 74. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  • 75. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The Rivers and Water Quality Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and Science Skills Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 76. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  • 77. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link: