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Genetics Unit Lesson PowerPoint
 

Genetics Unit Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint was one very small part of my DNA and Genetics from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html . Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks ...

This PowerPoint was one very small part of my DNA and Genetics from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html . Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks
A five part, 3,000+ Slide PowerPoint roadmap delivers daily lessons full of meaningful hands-on activities, important red slide notes, built-in quizzes, video links, projects, 3 PowerPoint Review Games with Answers, discussion questions and much more. A homework package and detailed lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow

The DNA and Genetics Unit covers science topics associated with the DNA molecule, discovery of DNA, DNA's structure, cellular division, cancer, dangers of smoking, meiosis, and genetics. This unit includes a five part interactive and engaging PowerPoint Presentation of 2000+ slides with built-in class notes (Red Slides), lab activities, project ideas, discussion questions, assessments (Quiz Wiz), challenge questions with answers, video links, and much more. Text is in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide so it can read from all angles of a classroom. A shade technique and color coded text helps to increase student focus and allows the teacher to control the pace of the lesson. The entire unit except for the videos can be edited to fit any curriculum or time requirement. Also included is a 14 page assessment that chronologically goes with the slideshow for nightly homework, as well as an 8 page modified assessment. 12 pages of class notes with images are also included for students who require modifications, as well as answer keys to both of the assessments for support professionals, teachers, and homeschool parents. 13 video links (.flv files) are provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most relevant to play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes (internet connection needed). One PowerPoint review game is included (125+ slides). Answers to the PowerPoint review game are provided in PowerPoint form so students can self-assess. Lastly, several class games such as guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes, and the find the hidden owl somewhere within the slideshow are provided. Difficulty rating 9/10.

Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit:
DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Transcription and Translation, Protein Synthesis, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What's Inside a Cigarette?, Statistics about Smoking, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate.
Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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    Genetics Unit Lesson PowerPoint Genetics Unit Lesson PowerPoint Presentation Transcript

    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • • Part V of this unit will cover… – Some common phenotypes – Genetics and Vocabulary – Gregor Mendel – Genetic Basics – Probability – Punnett Squares – Genetic Disorders – Bioethics
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  New Area of Focus: Genetics Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Please list three physical and behavioral similarities you have with your parents or siblings. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Is there anyone in this class who shares similar genetic traits to you……? Ummm? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Can you do any of the following? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Can you do any of the following? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Can you do any of the following? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Can you do any of the following? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Can you do any of the following? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • What is your number 1-50? Does anyone share your number?
    • Go one step at a time from the middle outward toward your genetic number.
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • Example
    • • This unit has a lot of difficult vocabulary.
    • • This unit has a lot of difficult vocabulary. – Learning and understanding the meaning of these words is the key to success.
    • • Video Link! Genetics 101 Part I – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xlR6GkE6lg o&feature=related
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy  Record these words in your science journal. Leave a line for their definition.
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Traits:  Heredity:  Purebred:  Genes:  Alleles:  Genotype:  Phenotype:  Homozygous:  Heterozygous:  Dominant Alleles:  Recessive Alleles:  Hybrids:  Probability: Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Student volunteers will be asked to do some reading over the next set of slides.
    • • Student volunteers will be asked to do some reading over the next set of slides.
    • • Student volunteers will be asked to do some reading over the next set of slides. “The definitions to the important vocabulary will be highlighted in blue.”
    • • Gregor Mendel: The father of modern Genetics. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • He counted his results and kept statistical notes. – Much like your science journal. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The year was 1851, a young priest from Vienna studied mathematics and science at the university. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The year was 1851, a young priest from Vienna studied mathematics and science at the university. Upon finishing, he went back to priesthood and tended a garden outside of the monastery. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The year was 1851, a young priest from Vienna studied mathematics and science at the university. Upon finishing, he went back to priesthood and tended a garden outside of the monastery. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Gregor Mendel at… http://www.biography.com/peo ple/gregor-mendel- 39282?page=1
    • • He worked with pea plants and became curious as to why some pea plants had different characteristics or traits. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • He worked with pea plants and became curious as to why some pea plants had different characteristics or traits. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Video Link! Genetics 101 Part II SNP’s – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=51q6fsfPkJI &feature=related
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The change in species can occur through selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Does anyone know what this is? – Hint, It has to do with selective breeding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This is a device used to collect semen (sperm) from prize animals for selective breeding. – People pay big dollars for prize genes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Selective Breeding: The intentional breeding of organisms with desirable traits in an attempt to produce offspring with similar desirable characteristics or with improved traits. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Corn 6,000 to 10,000 years ago looked much different than it does today. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Corn 6,000 to 10,000 years ago looked much different than it does today. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Corn 6,000 to 10,000 years ago looked much different than it does today. – By breeding the best corn species of a crop together over thousands of years, the edible part has become much larger. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Mendel seemed to notice that pea plants tended to pass traits from parents to offspring, which is called heredity. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Segregation: Separation of genes into different gametes during meiosis
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive. Which one will fertilize?
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive. Which will fertilize? Which will fertilize?
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Law of segregation (Heredity), states that allele pairs separate or segregate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – A gene can exist in more than one form. – Organisms inherit two alleles for each trait. – When gametes are produced (by meiosis), allele pairs separate leaving each cell with a single allele for each trait. – When the two alleles of a pair are different, one is dominant and the other is recessive.
    • • Mendel started doing experiments with purebred plants, or plants that always produce offspring with the same trait as the parent. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Mendel started doing experiments with purebred plants, or plants that always produce offspring with the same trait as the parent. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • For example, short pea plants always produce short offspring. Mendel then decided to cross short pea plants with tall pea plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • For example, short pea plants always produce short offspring. Mendel then decided to cross short pea plants with tall pea plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Tall
    • • For example, short pea plants always produce short offspring. Mendel then decided to cross short pea plants with tall pea plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Tall Short
    • • For example, short pea plants always produce short offspring. Mendel then decided to cross short pea plants with tall pea plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Tall Short
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed tall and short? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Half tall, and half short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • “What the heck is going on here?” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This confused Mendel. He then decided to breed all of these tall plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This confused Mendel. He then decided to breed all of these tall plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This confused Mendel. He then decided to breed all of these tall plants. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What do you think Mendel got when he breed all of those tall offspring? A.) Medium sized plants. B.) Most tall and some short. C.) All Short D.) All Tall E.) They won’t germinate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • “Wait a minute, the information for the small plants was hidden in the all tall generation” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • In the next F2 generation, ¼ of the pea plants were short, ¾ were tall. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The shortness was hidden (not gone) the time he bred the tall and short and got all tall. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • An organisms phenotype is its physical appearance or its visible traits.
    • • An organisms phenotype is its physical appearance or its visible traits.
    • • What are some of your phenotypes? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What are some of your phenotypes? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy PTC? “Hey”
    • • Video Link! Genetics 101 Part IV Phenotypes – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHWJqzlHl3w
    • • An organisms genotype is its genetic makeup, or allele combinations Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • An organisms genotype is its genetic makeup, or allele combinations Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Learn more about genotype and phenotype and the flow of information at… http://www.brooklyn.cuny.edu/bc/ahp/B ioInfo/SD.Geno.HP.html
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA through transcription makes mRNA. – mRNA = Messenger RNA. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • mRNA through translation makes proteins with the help of ribosomes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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    • • Video Link! (Optional) Transcription, Translation Crash Course. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=itsb2SqR-R0
    • • DNA replication: The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create a new identical strand.
    • • DNA replication: The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create a new identical strand. Hopefully 
    • • Proteins and enzymes pull DNA strands apart. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Proteins and enzymes pull DNA strands apart. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Transcription is when a segment of DNA is copied into RNA by the enzyme, RNA polymerase
    • • Activity! Each group 1-5 needs to verbalize to the class the corresponding base pair before it attaches to the DNA. – Teacher will point to a group so be ready. – Teacher may repeat as necessary.
    • • Primers add new nucleotides A-T, C-G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nucleus: Largest organelle in the cell – (dark spot) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Contains genetic information (DNA) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA makes RNA which make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Proteins: Very important for cell functions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Proteins: Very important for cell functions. –Anything that you can describe happening in a living organism, most likely proteins are either making it happen or regulating it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Chromosomes / Chromatin.
    • • Contains genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Contains genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Contains genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Video! DNA wrapping – How does DNA fit a lot of information into a small space? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OjPcT1uUZiE Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Composed of DNA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Thicken for cellular division. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Thicken for cellular division. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Set number per species. – Humans have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Set number per species. – Humans have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Set number per species. – Humans have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Set number per species. – Humans have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Set number per species. – Humans have 46 chromosomes (23 pairs). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Round dark spot shape in nucleus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Only visible when cell is not dividing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Activity! Chromatin and Chromosomes – Teacher cuts each group large length of string. (several meters)
    • • Activity! Chromatin and Chromosomes – Teacher cuts each group large length of string. (several meters) – Students wind chromatin into a tightly packed chromosome.
    • • Activity! Chromatin and Chromosomes – Teacher cuts each group large length of string. (several meters) – Students wind chromatin into a tightly packed chromosome. – Students then unwind chromosome into chromatin. (Good Luck! Chromosomes can do it)
    • • Contains RNA for protein manufacturing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Makes ribosomes that travel out of nucleus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Makes ribosomes that travel out of nucleus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Makes ribosomes that travel out of nucleus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Ribosomes attach outside of nucleus and make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Each cell contains thousands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Each cell contains thousands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Each cell contains thousands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Each cell contains thousands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Each cell contains thousands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Amino Acids: The building blocks of proteins. 20 variations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Composes 25% of cell's mass. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Most are embedded in rough endoplasmic reticulum. Some free in cytoplasm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Site of Protein Synthesis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Site of Protein Synthesis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Miniature protein factories (Protein synthesis). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Proteins (ONCH) are very important to our cells and body. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • DNA makes RNA, RNA has information to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Draw Ribosomes and mRNA zipper. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Activity! Techno Dance, Nucleus, E.R, and Ribosomes, – Create nucleus and nucleolus in classroom and place two students inside and have them dance / spawn students (ribosomes) – Have nuclear membrane tunnel out of nucleus. – Arrange chairs / tables to create membrane maze of endoplasmic reticulum. – Nucleolus makes ribosomes (dance) / (students) that spin and interpretive dance through membrane and through E.R maze. • Ribosomes should stop on sides of E.R. and make proteins / wave toilet paper (1 meter) around in a rhythmic fashion to the music. • Example on next slide, music on last slide / background
    • Nucleus
    • Nucleus
    • Nucleus Nucleolus
    • Nucleus Nucleolus Nuclear Membrane
    • Nucleus Nucleolus Nuclear Membrane Nuclear Pores
    • Spin and dance (student)
    • Protein Synthesis
    • Protein Synthesis
    • • If you stand around and act bored than you can never complain about this class being boring. – I am playing techno music and just asking you to jam, have ribosomal fun, and create some toilet paper proteins. C’mon.
    • • Some background music for this dance. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GoEjVF8_LYg
    •  Protein Synthesis: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy DNA is unwound and mRNA is produced (Transcription)
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Protein
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Protein
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Transfer RNA (tRNA) linked to Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Every Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Every Amino Acid is coded by three corresponding Bases (codon)
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which the genetic code carried by messenger RNA directs cellular organelles called ribosomes to produce proteins from amino acids. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA A mi no Ac
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA A mi no Ac
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Each triplet / codon matches with a the opposite pair on mRNA A mi no Ac Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A mi no Ac Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A mi no Ac Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A mi no Ac Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A mi no Ac Amino Acid
    •  Protein Synthesis: The process in which Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A mi no Ac Amino Acid
    • • Step by step drawing of Protein Synthesis.
    • Complete mRNA however you wish.
    • • Proteins Synthesis Animation. – To make proteins. – Ribosomes are units that help read RNA. – RNA is the information code that tells the type of proteins to be made.
    • • Video! Protein Synthesis – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJxobgkPEAo
    • • Protien Synthesis! Crazy video from 70’s (Optional) – Question? How are proteins made? – What was higher education like in the 70’s? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nmqhdozuf7Y
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • An organism’s genotype is its genetic makeup, or allele combinations Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • An organism’s genotype is its genetic makeup, or allele combinations Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • An organism’s genotype is its genetic makeup, or allele combinations Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • From all of Mendel’s’ results, he reasoned that individual factors must control the inheritance of traits in peas. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • From all of Mendel’s’ results, he reasoned that individual factors must control the inheritance of traits in peas. Mendel knew that the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other factor in sexual reproduction. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • From all of Mendel’s’ results, he reasoned that individual factors must control the inheritance of traits in peas. Mendel knew that the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other factor in sexual reproduction. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • From all of Mendel’s’ results, he reasoned that individual factors must control the inheritance of traits in peas. Mendel knew that the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other factor in sexual reproduction. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • From all of Mendel’s’ results, he reasoned that individual factors must control the inheritance of traits in peas. Mendel knew that the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other factor in sexual reproduction. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • From all of Mendel’s’ results, he reasoned that individual factors must control the inheritance of traits in peas. Mendel knew that the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other factor in sexual reproduction. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Warning! Real Images of bacteria Reproduction!
    • “Please don’t watch me.” “Fission is so awkward.”
    • • What are these bacteria missing that you and I have to make babies? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer! • A Pee-pee-dee-pee and Ahoosy ma whatsy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Binary Fission: The process by which a bacterium multiplies by splitting in two. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • In asexual reproduction, one individual produces offspring that are genetically identical to itself. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Sexual Reproduction: Genetic material from two different individuals combines into a genetically unique offspring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Sexual Reproduction: Genetic material from two different individuals combines into a genetically unique offspring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Sexual Reproduction: Genetic material from two different individuals combines into a genetically unique offspring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Sexual Reproduction: Genetic material from two different individuals combines into a genetically unique offspring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Which animation is sexual reproduction and which is asexual? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Which animation is sexual reproduction and which is asexual? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Sexual Reproduction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Sexual Reproduction Asexual Reproduction Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Some bacteria use Conjugation – (Still considered asexual) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A few ways animals reproduce without two parents. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Budding: Offspring develop as a growth on the body of the parent.
    • • Budding: Offspring develop as a growth on the body of the parent. Offspring
    • • Fragmentation: As certain tiny worms grow to full size, they spontaneously break up into 8 or 9 pieces. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Fragmentation: As certain tiny worms grow to full size, they spontaneously break up into 8 or 9 pieces. Each of these fragments develops into a mature worm, and the process is repeated. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Fragmentation: As certain tiny worms grow to full size, they spontaneously break up into 8 or 9 pieces. Each of these fragments develops into a mature worm, and the process is repeated. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Fragmentation: As certain tiny worms grow to full size, they spontaneously break up into 8 or 9 pieces. Each of these fragments develops into a mature worm, and the process is repeated. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Fragmentation: As certain tiny worms grow to full size, they spontaneously break up into 8 or 9 pieces. Each of these fragments develops into a mature worm, and the process is repeated. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Parthenogenesis ("virgin birth"), the females produce eggs, but these develop into young without ever being fertilized. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • “Check out my snazzy genes.”
    • • Today’s scientists call the factors that control traits genes. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Today’s scientists call the factors that control traits genes. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Today’s scientists call the factors that control traits genes. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Today’s scientists call the factors that control traits genes. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Does this help?”
    • • Video Where do your genes come from? • Video Link! Genetics 101 Part III, Where do your genes come from? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Om0ZvtBmSAs Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Video Where do your genes come from? • Video Link! Genetics 101 Part III, Where do your genes come from? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Om0ZvtBmSAs Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Video Where do your genes come from? • Video Link! Genetics 101 Part III, Where do your genes come from? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Om0ZvtBmSAs Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Scientists call the different forms of a gene alleles. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Scientists call the different forms of a gene alleles. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A dominant allele is one whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A dominant allele is one whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A dominant allele is one whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A dominant allele is one whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A recessive allele is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. A hybrid has two different alleles Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A recessive allele is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. A hybrid has two different alleles Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A recessive allele is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. A hybrid has two different alleles Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A recessive allele is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. A hybrid has two different alleles Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • A recessive allele is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. A hybrid has two different alleles Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • “That’s it, the small pea plants were recessive and didn’t appear because the tall were dominant” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • “Glad I didn’t Just get frustrated and quit.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant • tt = Two recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant • tt = Two recessive • Tt = One dominant, one recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant • tt = Two recessive • Tt = One dominant, one recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant • tt = Two recessive • Tt = One dominant, one recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant • tt = Two recessive • Tt = One dominant, one recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • T = Dominant • t = Recessive • TT = Two dominant • tt = Two recessive • Tt = One dominant, one recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes a gene? – A.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) Factors that control traits. – D.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes heredity? – A.) When the female contributes one factor, while the male contributes the other. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) Factors that control traits. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. Answer is… • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. Answer is… • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. Answer is… • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. Answer is… • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. Answer is… • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. Answer is… • Which letter below best describes Mendel’s Law of Segregation? – A.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – B.) When allele pairs separate during gamete formation, and randomly unite at fertilization. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) An organisms genetic makeup, or allele combinations. – E.) Allele that is covered up when the dominant allele is with it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which letter below best describes an allele? – A.) An organisms genetic make up. – B.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – C.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) Alleles do not exist in nature. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Vocabulary Review. • Which two letters below best describes an organisms phenotype and genotype? – A.) When traits are passed from parents to offspring. – B.) An organisms genetic make up. – C.) An organisms physical appearance or visible traits. – D.) The different forms of a gene. – E.) When an organism cannot pass on genetic information. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • You can now complete page 9 of your bundled homework. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square: A diagram that is used to predict the outcome of a particular cross Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square: A diagram that is used to predict the outcome of a particular cross Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square: A diagram that is used to predict the outcome of a particular cross Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Video Link! Khan Academy “Punnett Squares.” (Advanced) – http://www.khanacademy.org/video/punnett- square-fun?playlist=Biology Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • • When a man and women decide to have a child, who determines the gender? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Use the Punnett Square below to help you. XX=Female XY=Male Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Who determines gender?
    • • Answer! The male, he is the only one who carries the Y chromosome. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer! The male, he is the only one who carries the Y chromosome. If he gives the X it is female, if he gives the Y it is male. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer! The male, he is the only one who carries the Y chromosome. If he gives the X it is female, if he gives the Y it is male. The woman is XX and can only give the X. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • In some cultures, women are harassed and looked down upon when they give birth to a daughter. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • In some cultures, women are harassed and looked down upon when they give birth to a daughter. “I’m too ignorant to understand the science but very quick to be abusive.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes (46 total) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Really interesting NPR (Radio Lab) Science Friday. (Optional) Adult Content – Genghis Khan, the Y chromosome and his 16 million descendants. • http://www.radiolab.org/2007/sep/10/genghis-khan/ Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Now, the probability that if you flip a coin four times, is that 50% will land on heads, and 50% will land tails. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Now, the probability that if you flip a coin four times, is that 50% will land on heads, and 50% will land tails. – Let’s see if our results match probability? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics deals heavily with probability, or the likelihood that a particular event will occur. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics deals heavily with probability, or the likelihood that a particular event will occur. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about probability at… http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/probability.html
    • • What is the probability that a dice will land on 6? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: The odds and 1-6 or 16.67% Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: The odds and 1-6 or 16.67% • Anyone want to bet against me that I roll a 6? I only get one chance? Are the odds good? What do you bet if you take me on? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • And the winner is…
    • • And the winner is…
    • • People who look at this machine do not understand probability. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This machine keeps track of the colors and numbers on roulette. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This machine keeps track of the colors and numbers on roulette. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This machine keeps track of the colors and numbers on roulette. – “Hey Jimmy, the history board shows that red hasn’t come up in a while, it’s due.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • History doesn’t determine probability in mathematics. If the probability is 50/50, it will always be 50/50. Black will be due 50% of the time.
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Dude” “Black is hot right now.” “Bet Black.”
    • • Roulette isn’t a 50/50 chance of winning because of the two green slots is where the house wins if you didn’t place your bet on green. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Roulette isn’t a 50/50 chance of winning because of the two green slots is where the house wins if you didn’t place your bet on green. 48% Chance you will win, 52% you will lose. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • “Jeepers!” “Probability showed I would lose and I did.” “How did this happen?”
    • • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? 5/10 50/50 – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? 5/10 50/50 – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. 2500/5000 50/50 – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Activity! Visit a virtual coin flip engine online. – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 10 times? 5/10 50/50 – What are the odds of flipping heads on a coin 5000 times. 2500/5000 50/50 – What are the odds for flipping a coin millions of times? 500,000/1,000,000 50/50 Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The more numbers you get, the true probability becomes more apparent or accurate. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous- Has two identical alleles TT or tt Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous- Has two identical alleles TT or tt Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous- Has two identical alleles TT or tt Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Homozygous Dominant: All dominant / Capital Letters. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Heterozygous: Has two different alleles Tt, One capital, and one lower case. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Heterozygous: Has two different alleles Tt, One capital, and one lower case. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Heterozygous: Has two different alleles Tt, One capital, and one lower case. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Which boxes are homozygous recessive? 1 2 3 4
    • • Which boxes are homozygous recessive? 1 2 3 4
    • • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
    • • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
    • • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
    • • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
    • • In asexual reproduction, the offspring are identical to the parent.
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • • Quiz Wiz 1-10 Answers will follow each questions. – Word Bank: Homozygous Dominant, Homozygous recessive, heterozygous. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Bonus – Name the Movie Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Bonus: The Princess Bride, • Rob Reiner (1987) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Let’s try one Punnett Square. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf?
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf?
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • h = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human Human
    • • Punnett Square “Twilight” – What would the offspring of Jacob and Renesmee be…? • W = Werewolf • V = Vampire • H = Human Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Vampwolf? Werewolf Human Vampire Human Human “Oh the possibilities!” “I hope they make more books…”
    • • Video Link (Optional) Heredity – Khan Academy – http://www.khanacademy.org/video/introducti on-to-heredity?playlist=Biology
    • • Activity Sheet! Designing your child with dominant and recessive traits. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Designing your child Activity – Use Face Creator – (Print screen and paste to paint, then crop and print). Or use poster boards, pens etc. – Everyone should create portrait of offspring using information from sheet. – http://flashface.ctapt.de/ Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • You can now complete the top of page 10 of your bundled homework. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • • Video Link! Punnett Squares. – Pause at dihybrid cross (6:50). This slide will appear again. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1PCwxUDTl8
    • • Who here owns a pet?
    • • We just bought some gerbils (brother and sister) from the pet store. – Both gerbils are black in color. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Black BB Black Bb • Homozygous Heterozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Black BB Black Bb • Homozygous Heterozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Black BB Black Bb • Homozygous Heterozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nobody at the pet store wanted this one. – Homozygous recessive is bb, and the gerbil will be white. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • The gerbils explored the cage for a few hours, ate some food, drank some water, and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heterozygous
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy  Homozygous Dominant
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B B Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B B Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb Note: Phenotypic Ratio is 4:0 Genotypic Ratio is 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb Note: Phenotypic Ratio is 4:0 Genotypic Ratio is 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: All black gerbils B b B B BB BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Bb Note: Phenotypic Ratio is 4:0 Genotypic Ratio is 2:2 (BB and Bb)
    • • All were black. So we took all of the babies out and put them in another cage. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • All were black. So we took all of the babies out and put them in another cage. – Sometimes gerbils will eat their babies and we don’t want to see half eaten baby gerbils. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • All of the black gerbil babies grew up quickly. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • All of the black gerbil babies grew up quickly. They got sick of hanging out in the cage and eventually got bored. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • All of the black gerbil babies grew up quickly. They got sick of hanging out in the cage and eventually got bored. Then they decided it was time to… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  How many are white and how many black? Ratio Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Both parents are heterozygous
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heterozygous
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b Bb - Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b B Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BBHomozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB B Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb B Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb b Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: Three black gerbils and one white gerbil B b B b BB Bb Bb bb Homozygous recessive Homozygous Dominant Heterozygous Heterozygous Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Phenotypic ratio was 3:1, The Genotypic ratio was 1:2:1
    • • ¾ were black and ¼ were white. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • ¾ were black and ¼ were white. We decided to get more cages and put them together. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • ¾ were black and ¼ were white. We decided to get more cages and put them together. The Gerbils hung out for a bit and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, BB and Bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: B b B B BB Bb Bb Bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous and the other is homozygous dominant We will do a monohybrid cross of these two gerbils for color
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  How many are white and how many black? Ratio Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy One parent is heterozygous while the other is homozygous recessive
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Homozygous recessive
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heterozygous
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • Do the Punnett Square, Bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b B b Bb Bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio was 2:2 The Genotypic ratio was 2:2
    • • 50/50 Black and White. We took the babies out and put them in another cage. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • 50/50 Black and White. We took the babies out and put them in another cage. – The gerbils ate some food, played in the wheel a bit, got bored and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Decided to get some more food. After they ate they got bored and then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Rested for a bit. Once they were well rested they got bored and decided to… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Play on the wheel again because it’s the most fun thing to do in the cage. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Play on the wheel again because it’s the most fun thing to do in the cage. After playing on the wheel, the two gerbils went off and… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Decided to hang out in the little corral, Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Decided to hang out in the little corral, where they eventually agreed that their mental relationship paralleled their physical relationship and the time was right to start a family. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Decided to hang out in the little corral, where they eventually agreed that their mental relationship paralleled their physical relationship and the time was right to start a family. The gerbils then… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy -Both parents are homozygous recessive
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio is 4:0 The genotypic ratio is 4:0
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio is 4:0 The genotypic ratio is 4:0
    • • Do the Punnett Square, bb and bb – B = Black Dominant – bb = White Recessive  Probability of outcome is: b b b b bb bb bb bb Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The phenotypic ratio is 4:0 The genotypic ratio is 4:0
    • • Reverse the whole story and the two starting black gerbils were BB and BB Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy BB BB
    • • Reverse the whole story and the two starting black gerbils were BB and BB – What will the outcome be after several crosses? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy BB BB
    • • Answer: All will be black because the two gerbils were BB homozygous dominant. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: All will be black because the two gerbils were BB homozygous dominant. “Can we take a break now, I’m all worn out.” Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Based on your gerbil inbreeding? – Why might inbreeding not be the best option for a small population? Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer – Inbreeding increases the chance of a harmful recessive mutation being expressed.
    • • You can now complete page 10 of your bundled homework. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • and the top of page 11. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up.
    • This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up.
    • This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
    • This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
    • This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
    • This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
    • • Video Link! Punnett Squares • Dihybrid crosses starts at… 6:50 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y1PCwxUD Tl8
    • • Dihybrid Cross: A cross that involves two sets of characteristics. Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg) BB
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg) BB
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG bbGg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • BG Bg bG bg BG Bg bG bg BBGG BBGg BbGG BbGg BBGg BBgg BbGg BbGg BbGG BbGg bbGG Bb/Gg BbGg Bbgg bbGg bbgg B=Brown, G= Green, b=blue Dominant recessive Male (BGbg) is crossed with female (BGbg)
    • • Two Guinea pigs meet… Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Two Guinea pigs meet… B=Black fur b=brown fur S=Short fur s=long fur Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Two Guinea pigs meet… B=Black fur b=brown fur S=Short fur s=long fur The Male Guinea pig is BbSs and the female is the same BbSs. (BbSs x BbSs) Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short Black Fur / Short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black Fur / Short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / long
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brown fur / Short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brown fur / long
    • Your on your own now Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 3
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 3 ?
    • Copyright© 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Black fur / short Black fur / Long Brown fur / short Brown fur / long 9 3 3 1
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 2 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 2 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • How many Guinea Pigs were: Black and Short BBSS: 1 BBSs: 2 BbSs: 4 BbSS: 2 Black and Long BBss: 1 Bbss: 2 Brown and Short bbSS: 1 bbSs: 2 Brown and Long bbss: 1 How many Guinea Pigs were?: Black and Short:_____ Black and Long:_____ Brown and Short:____ Brown and Long:____
    • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Codominance is a relationship among alleles where both alleles contribute to the phenotype of the heterozygote. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Codominance is a relationship among alleles where both alleles contribute to the phenotype of the heterozygote. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • • Incomplete Dominance: One allele for a specific trait is not completely dominant over the other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • ? ?
    • ? ?
    • P Generation
    • P Generation
    • P Generation
    • P Generation F1 Generation
    • P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
    • P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
    • P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
    • P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
    • P Generation F1 Generation F2 Generation
    • • Genetics Available Sheets
    • • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
    • • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
    • • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
    • • Pedigree Chart: A diagram that shows the occurrence and appearance or phenotypes of a particular gene or organism and its ancestors from one generation to the next.
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart for color blindness
    • • Pedigree Chart Activity. – Investigation of Nicotine Addiction – http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/addiction/ genetics/pi.html
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Remember: Evolution is the change in the gene pool over time
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Remember: Evolution is the change in the gene pool over time
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Remember: Evolution is the change in the gene pool over time
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Remember: Evolution is the change in the gene pool over time
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Remember: Evolution is the change in the gene pool over time
    • • Genetics (DNA) A more recent branch of science that shows how organisms have evolved and are related on a genetic level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Remember: Evolution is the change in the gene pool over time , The gene pool is the set of all genes, or genetic information, in any population.
    • • Everyone trace your hand like so in your journal.
    • • Everyone trace your hand like so in your journal.
    • • Video Link! Five Fingers of Evolution – Describes genes / genetics a bit. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5NdMnlt2k eE
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
    • • Scientist look at the genes in a DNA molecule (It is in all of our cells). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Scientist look at the genes in a DNA molecule (It is in all of our cells). – DNA provides a unique marker. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Scientist look at the genes in a DNA molecule (It is in all of our cells). – DNA provides a unique marker. – It shows how similar and how different species are. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Scientist look at the genes in a DNA molecule (It is in all of our cells). – DNA provides a unique marker. – It shows how similar and how different species are. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Scientist look at the genes in a DNA molecule (It is in all of our cells). – DNA provides a unique marker. – It shows how similar and how different species are. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • There are two main groups of cells. – Prokaryotic – Eukaryotic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • There are two main groups of cells. – Prokaryotic – Eukaryotic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • There are two main groups of cells. – Prokaryotic – Eukaryotic Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What are some of the similarities between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: They both have all of these. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: They both have all of these. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • What are some of the differences between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Answer: Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus, and are much larger and have more organelles. (More complex) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Prokaryotic cells – - – - – - – - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • No nuclear membrane
    • • Genetic material is free in cytoplasm. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • No membrane-bound organelles Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Most primitive type of cell – appeared about 3.8 billion years ago. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Eukaryotic Cells. We have eukaryotic cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Eukaryotic Cells – - – - – - – - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nuclear membrane surrounding genetic material Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nuclear membrane surrounding genetic material Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nuclear membrane surrounding genetic material Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nuclear membrane surrounding genetic material Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Nuclear membrane surrounding genetic material Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Numerous membrane-bound organelles Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Complex internal structure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Appeared approximately 2.2 billion years ago. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Try and figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Try and figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Try and figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Try and figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • Video Link! Heredity Crash Course. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBezq1fFUEA
    • • Genetics PowerPoint Review Game
    • • DNA and Genetics Assessment due soon! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
    • • This PowerPoint is one small part of my DNA and Genetics Unit. • This unit includes… – A five part 3,000 slide PowerPoint roadmap. – 14 page bundled homework package, answer keys, lesson notes, rubrics, materials list, guide, and much more. – PowerPoint Review Game, games, flashcards, crosswords, and more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics _Unit.html
    • • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tstPlease visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.
    • • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
    • Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit: DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What is Inside a Cigarette?, Facts about Smoking?, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate Full Unit found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html
    • • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult  5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
    • Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
    • • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
    • • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com