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• Inference: A conclusion based on your
observations.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are
very important and should be recorded in
your science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
-Please make notes legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-Don’t s...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
 Observation – Anything you can
see, hear, smell, touch, taste, (Using your
senses).
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
Do these red lines bend?
Do these red lines bend?
• Please write down the phrase that you will
see on the next slide? You get just a second.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mary had
had a little lamb
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Write down
what it said in
your journal?”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Did your brain
act faster than
your eyes?”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mary had
had a little lamb
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mary had
had a little lamb
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mary had
had a little lamb
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Our brains are programmed for normal
right side-up.
Our brains are programmed for normal
right side-up.
I will flip this picture and you will see.
• Video Link! Amazing Anamorphic Illusions
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBNHPk-Lnkk
• On the next series of slides.
• Say the color of the words below.
• (Not the actual words)
• Try to do it as fast as you...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Repeat! See if it is easier upside down.
• On the next series of slides.
• Say the color of the words below.
• (Not the ...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Can you see the mans face?
• Please record what you see beneath this
box.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The white marks say the word
LIFT.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The white marks say the word
LIFT.
L I F T
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Shrinking Head Illusion:
– On the next slide stare into this animation for two
minutes and then teacher will change slid...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
• Observation Basics.
– Our perceptions are not photographs, they are
constructions - something that our minds
manufacture...
 Inference: A conclusion based on your
observations.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Raise your hand when you think you
know the picture beneath the boxes.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Let’s Play…I’m thinking of a
person in this classroom…
Yes/No Questions only. You
are allo...
• Activity! How well do you observe the
world around you.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! How well do you observe the
world around you.
– Observe each scene for 1 minute and then
answer some questions...
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
– How many vehicles were driving?
• Two were driving, two were parked
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Questions for the street scene.
–How many vehicles were driving?
• Two were driving, two were parked.
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Questions for the street scene.
–What type of vehicles were they?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
–What type of vehicles were they?
• Utility van with no labels and small 4
door SUV.
Cop...
• Questions for the street scene.
–What colors were they?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
–What colors were they?
• Utility van was white, SUV was dark
blue with no license plate...
• Questions for the street scene.
–Was it raining?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
–Was it raining?
–Answer: No. But the SUV’s wipers were
on, conditions were overcast and...
• Questions for the street scene.
–What was the speed limit?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
–What was the speed limit?
• 35 mph
• What country is this picture in?
Copyright © 2010 ...
• Questions for the street scene.
–What was the speed limit?
• 35 mph
• What country is this picture in?
• The United Stat...
• Questions for the street scene.
–How many witnesses were there, what
were they doing?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
–How many witnesses were there, what
were they doing?
• One witness, he was mowing the
l...
• Questions for the street scene.
–What season was it?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the street scene.
–What season was it?
• Summer, the leaves were well
established and green.
Copyright © 2...
• Questions for the street scene.
• Two were driving, two were parked.
• Utility van with no labels and small 4 door
SUV.
...
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Question about the backyard scene?
– What was the color of the roof of the shed?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What color was the roof?
– Answer: You can’t tell from the photograph.
In this area of the country the roofs are dark
co...
• If we lived in the Slovenia, Germany , our
constructions would be different as the
rooftops here are all orange.
Copyrig...
• Activity! How well do you observe the
world around you.
– Observe each scene for 30 seconds and then
answer some questio...
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Is this a picture of a boys room or girls
room? Why?
• Is this a picture of a boys room or girls
room? Why?
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What color was the sky?
• What color was the sky?
• Which of the following roadways were
shown?
• A.) 16, 74, 674,
• B.) 74, 39, 901,
• C.) 73, 29, 601
• D.) 74, 28, 602
• ...
• Which of the following roadways were
shown?
• A.) 16, 74, 674,
• B.) 74, 39, 901,
• C.) 73, 29, 601
• D.) 74, 28, 602
• ...
• Which of the following roadways were
shown?
• A.) 16, 74, 674,
• B.) 74, 39, 901,
• C.) 73, 29, 601
• D.) 74, 28, 602
• ...
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions about the street scene?
– What type of location are the people at?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions about the street scene?
– What type of location are the people at?
• Airport, Train Station, Bus Station?
Copy...
• Questions about the street scene?
– Describe the person who walked away with
someone else’s green suitcase.
Copyright © ...
• Questions about the street scene?
– Describe the person who walked away with
someone else’s green suitcase.
• Male, 5’8”...
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is this a picture of?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is this a picture of?
– A women (adult) with blonde hair, maroon
shirt and wearing eyeglasses.
Copyright © 2010 Rya...
• Questions for the ocean scene?
– Specifically, where was this photo taken?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions for the ocean scene?
– Specifically, where was this photo taken?
– Picture taken by passenger on a bus or trai...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is the grand opening for?
• Hint- You have all most likely been there.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Path of Travel
I hypothesize that
a condiment
station is next to
this wall.
• Questions about the grand opening.
– What is the grand opening for?
• This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow
co...
• Questions about the grand opening.
– What is the grand opening for?
• This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow
co...
• Questions about the grand opening.
– What is the grand opening for?
• This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow
co...
• Questions about the grand opening.
– What is the grand opening for?
• This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow
co...
• Questions about the previous scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Where is this?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Where is this?
• A place of worship.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Who is in this picture? Where?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Caution! The next series of slides requires
maturity.
– Teacher must decide right now if the class
can handle the next s...
• Questions about the Skittles.
– What three letter word comes to mind after
seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___
Copyright © ...
• Questions about the Skittles.
– What three letter word comes to mind after
seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___
Copyright © ...
• Questions about the Skittles.
– What three letter word comes to mind after
seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___
Copyright © ...
• Questions about the Skittles.
– What three letter word comes to mind after
seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___
Copyright © ...
This was not a coincidence.
Subliminal messages are everywhere on
purpose. Your brain may see it and
understand it without you even knowing it.
“Your subconscious saw
me…”
• Videos! (Optional) Subliminal
Advertisements (ARIA Awards and BMX)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJTGGlDZUzk ARIA AWA...
• Let’s go back a few slides and look for
some hidden messages placed into the
slide. (Full Image on Next Slide)
 Collaborates (talks) with others.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
S
C
I
e
N
C
e
For
RealT...
 Collaborates (talks) with others.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
S
C
I
e
N
C
e
For
RealT...
Can you find the
message $?
 Hypothesis: An educated guess to your
problem / question that is testable.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Teacher to collect galls from
goldenrod plant.
• Activity! Goldenrod Gall Observation.
– Make quick prediction of what you think this is
and what may be inside?
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
– A quick lesson in the scientific method.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
– A quick lesson in the scientific method.
– Make an observation of your goldenrod in the
f...
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
– A quick lesson in the scientific method.
– Make an observation of your goldenrod in the
f...
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
– A quick lesson in the scientific method.
– Make an observation of your goldenrod in the
f...
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
– A quick lesson in the scientific method.
– Make an observation of your goldenrod in the
f...
• Activity! The Goldenrod Gall
– A quick lesson in the scientific method.
– Make an observation of your goldenrod in the
f...
Larvae of the
stem gall fly.
Larvae of the
stem gall fly. Scat
Fly injects egg into stem
of goldenrod plant.
Fly injects egg into stem
of goldenrod plant. The
egg releases chemicals
that cause the plant to
grow cells in that area.
Fly injects egg into stem
of goldenrod plant. The
egg releases chemicals
that cause the plant to
grow cells in that area.
...
Fly injects egg into stem
of goldenrod plant. The
egg releases chemicals
that cause the plant to
grow cells in that area.
...
Fly injects egg into stem
of goldenrod plant. The
egg releases chemicals
that cause the plant to
grow cells in that area.
...
Gall fly injecting egg.
Escape hole from the
adult fly
• Three common gall types exist,
• Three common gall types exist, the stem
gall,
• Three common gall types exist, the stem
gall, ball gall,
• Three common gall types exist, the stem
gall, ball gall, and leaf gall.
Goldenrod galls don’t generally harm the
plant.
-Note the double galls on this plant.
• Stem gall fly larvae are an important food
source for many birds during the winter.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Parasitic Wasp – lays egg in gall and larvae
eats the stem gall fly larvae inside.
Eurystoma obtusiventris
Copyright © 2...
Just mates with
female and does not
inject egg into
goldenrod
• Stem gall fly larvae has a natural anti-
freeze in it’s body to prevent freezing.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• NASA was interested in this biological
antifreeze as a way to prevent humans
from freezing in the cold of deep space.
• Activity! Investigating the scientific method
and soda cans.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Soda and the Scientific Method.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Soda and the Scientific Method.
– Problem: What type of soda should we bring
on a rafting trip?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Soda and the Scientific Method.
– Problem: What type of soda should we bring
on a rafting trip?
– We are going rafting d...
• Soda and the Scientific Method.
– Problem: What type of soda should we bring
on a rafting trip?
– We are going rafting d...
• Please set up the spread sheet below. (6 by 7)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium
mg
Calories Sugar
g
...
• Please set up the spread sheet below. (6 by 7)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium
mg
Calories Sugar
g
...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Please find the information to complete the
spreadsheet from the soda can labels.
– Weigh e...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Please find the information to complete the
spreadsheet from the soda can labels.
– Weigh e...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Please find the information to complete the
spreadsheet from the soda can labels.
– Weigh e...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Please find the information to complete the
spreadsheet from the soda can labels.
– Weigh e...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Please find the information to complete the
spreadsheet from the soda can labels.
– Weigh e...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Please find the information to complete the
spreadsheet from the soda can labels.
– Weigh e...
• Answers
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 3...
• Answers
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 3...
• Soda and Scientific Method
– Determine the density of each soda D= M/V
– Mass (g)
– Density = ----------------- = ______...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Density
Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml...
• Which one will float in water?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume.
H2O
Dens...
• Which one will float in water? Diet Coke
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Brand of
Soda
Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume...
• Answer: The diet soda floats because it
has a density of less than 1.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer: The diet soda floats because it
has a density of less than 1.
– The regular soda sinks because the
abundance of ...
• Answer: The diet soda floats because it
has a density of less than 1.
– The regular soda sinks because the
abundance of ...
• Answer: The diet soda floats because it
has a density of less than 1.
– The regular soda sinks because the
abundance of ...
• Answer: The diet soda floats because it
has a density of less than 1.
– The regular soda sinks because the
abundance of ...
• Video Link! (Optional) Mtn. Dew Mouth.
– How Mtn. Dew and other sodas can cause
serious tooth decay if misused.
– http:/...
• Activity! CSI
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! CSI
– You will visit a crime scene.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! CSI
– You will visit a crime scene.
– Sketch out the scene focusing on all of your
observations.
Copyright © 2...
• Activity! CSI
– You will visit a crime scene.
– Sketch out the scene focusing on all of your
observations.
– Create a hy...
• Activity! CSI
– You will visit a crime scene.
– Sketch out the scene focusing on all of your
observations.
– Create a hy...
• Activity! (Optional) Times Have Changed.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity Sheet Available, Times have
changed, Trials, Average.
– Variance and Standard Deviation Extension
• Note- The learning today will only partly be
about variations in sound.
• Note- The learning today will only partly be
about variations in sound.
– Learning how to conduct trials is an important...
• We must use the scientific method to gather
empirical and measurable evidence.
• We must use the scientific method to gather
empirical and measurable evidence.
– The sample size should be large.
• We must use the scientific method to gather
empirical and measurable evidence.
– The sample size should be large.
– Rand...
• We must use the scientific method to gather
empirical and measurable evidence.
– The sample size should be large.
– Rand...
• Please create the following spreadsheet.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials
Old
New
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials
Old
New
• Please create the following spreadsheet.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials
Old
New
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials
Old
New
• Problem: Can you determine an old penny
from a new penny by the sound it makes
when dropped?
• Problem: Can you determine an old penny
from a new penny by the sound it makes
when dropped?
– Old = Made before 1982
– ...
• Problem: Can you determine an old penny
from a new penny by the sound it makes
when dropped?
– Old = Made before 1982
– ...
• Activity! (Optional) Times Have Changed.
– Pennies have changed in composition over
the years. (Background Information)
...
• Activity! (Optional) Times Have Changed.
– Pennies have changed in composition over
the years. (Background Information)
...
• Make an educated guess called a
hypothesis for the problem.
– Problem: Can you determine an old penny
from a new penny b...
• Please drop an old penny and a new penny
15 times each from a height of 30 cm onto a
hard surface and listen to the soun...
• Example of tester organizing trials.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Old Old Old Old Old
New New New New New
Trials
Old
New
• Activity! Times Have Changed
– Choose a partner for this project that was not
next to you during random order collection...
• Problem: Can you determine an old penny
from a new penny by the sound it makes
when dropped?
–Score your own sheet
• (10...
• Continuation (Optional) Finding standard
deviation and variance.
– Standard variation is the square root on the
variance...
• Statistical Methods
– The mean / average was…
– Everyone calculate how far away their data was
from the mean / average.
...
• The Standard Deviation is just the square
root of the Variance.
– So square the variance that we found.
Example…
6523 = ...
• The Standard Deviation is just the square
root of the Variance.
– So square the variance that we found.
Example…
6523 = ...
• Stand Deviation Calculator:
– Did we calculate correctly?
– http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/standard-
deviation-calculato...
• Raise your hand when you think you know
the picture beneath the boxes.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Raise your hand when you think you know
the picture beneath the boxes.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
“Subliminal advertising”
“Subliminal advertising” “This is
wrong on so many levels.”
• Raise your hand when you think you know
the picture beneath the boxes.
– You only get one guess.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
Snow White
“Never conclude a
lab report with…”
“The End.”
• Remember to use, and encourage others
to use the Metric System!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You should be very close to completion of
your bundle.
• You can now add information to the white
spaces around the following.
– You can also color the sketches and text.
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
Magnification:
The act of
expanding
something in
apparent size.
King
Henry
Died
While
Drinking
Chocolate
Milk
A study of n...
• Activity! Science Skills Unit Review Game
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! (Optional) Making Goop / Time
to show me your science skills.
– Available Sheet
• Activity! (Optional) Making Goop
• Directions in video and on next slide.
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=48-
DU0kQtPg
• Materials
– Glue bottle (4oz)
– 2 mixing bowls
– Water
– Mixing spoon
– Measuring Cups
– Borax
– Measuring spoon
– Seala...
• Procedure:
– 1.) Squeeze glue into bowl.
– 2.) Fill glue bottle with water, cap, mix, and pour into the
glue in bowl.
– ...
• Goop is a polymer you can make from white
glue and borax.
– Borax is a cleaning agent and natural mineral
composed of so...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
Areas of Focus within The Science Skills Unit:
Lab Safety, Lab Safety Equipment, Magnification, Microscopes,
Stereoscopes,...
• This PowerPoint is on small part of my Science Skills Unit. This unit
includes…
• A Four Part 2,000+ Slide PowerPoint pr...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
http://www.teacherspaytea
chers.com/Product/Physical
-Science-Curriculum-
596485
http://www.teacherspayt
eachers.com/Produ...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method
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Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method

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A 2000+ slide PowerPoint presentation from www.sciencepowerpoint.com becomes the roadmap for an amazing learning experience. Complete with homework package, built-in activities with directions, built-in quizzes, unit notes, follow along worksheets, answer keys, video links, review games, rubrics, and much more.
Also included are directions on how create a student version of the unit that is much like the teachers but missing the answer keys, quizzes, PowerPoint review games, hidden box challenges, owl, and surprises meant for the classroom. This is a great resource to distribute to your students and support professionals and will only take you a few minutes to create.
This is a great introductory unit that covers science topics associated with Lab Safety, Magnification, Base Units of the Metric System, Scientific Method, Inferences, and Observation Skills (See list below for more topics covered). This unit includes an interactive and engaging PowerPoint Presentation of 2000 slides with built in class notes (Red Slides), lab activities, project ideas, discussion questions, assessments (Quiz Wiz), and challenge questions with answers.
Text is in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide so it can seen and read from all angles of a classroom. A shade technique, as well as color coded text helps to increase student focus and allows teacher to control pace of the lessons. Also included is a 10 page assessment / bundled homework that chronologically follows the slideshow for nightly homework and end of the unit assessment, as well as a 9 page modified assessment. 14 pages of class notes with images are also included for students who require modifications, as well as answer keys to both of the assessments for support professionals, teachers, and home school parents. Several video links are provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most relevant to play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes. One PowerPoint review game (125+ slides)is included. Answers to the PowerPoint review game are provided in PowerPoint form so students can self-assess. Lastly, several class games such as guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes, and the find the hidden owl somewhere within the slideshow are provided. Difficulty rating of 5 (Ten is most difficult)

Thank you for time and if you have any questions please feel free to contact me at www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com. Best wishes.
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks

Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
Science PowerPoints

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Transcript of "Observation Science PowerPoint, Scientific Method"

  1. 1. • Inference: A conclusion based on your observations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label
  4. 4. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  5. 5.  Observation – Anything you can see, hear, smell, touch, taste, (Using your senses). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. Do these red lines bend?
  13. 13. Do these red lines bend?
  14. 14. • Please write down the phrase that you will see on the next slide? You get just a second. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. Mary had had a little lamb Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. “Write down what it said in your journal?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. “Did your brain act faster than your eyes?” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. Mary had had a little lamb Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. Mary had had a little lamb Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. Mary had had a little lamb Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. Our brains are programmed for normal right side-up.
  22. 22. Our brains are programmed for normal right side-up. I will flip this picture and you will see.
  23. 23. • Video Link! Amazing Anamorphic Illusions – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tBNHPk-Lnkk
  24. 24. • On the next series of slides. • Say the color of the words below. • (Not the actual words) • Try to do it as fast as you can. • Is it difficult? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. • Repeat! See if it is easier upside down. • On the next series of slides. • Say the color of the words below. • (Not the actual words) • Try to do it as fast as you can. • Is it difficult? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. Can you see the mans face?
  39. 39. • Please record what you see beneath this box. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Answer! The white marks say the word LIFT. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Answer! The white marks say the word LIFT. L I F T Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Shrinking Head Illusion: – On the next slide stare into this animation for two minutes and then teacher will change slides.
  43. 43. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Observation Basics. – Our perceptions are not photographs, they are constructions - something that our minds manufacture. – What we perceive is partially determined by what we know or believe. – Constructive perception has survival value - it helps us make sense of the world. – So, seeing is not necessarily believing. – USE YOUR JOURNAL! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45.  Inference: A conclusion based on your observations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Let’s Play…I’m thinking of a person in this classroom… Yes/No Questions only. You are allowed 4 questions and then need to make an inference.
  53. 53. • Activity! How well do you observe the world around you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Activity! How well do you observe the world around you. – Observe each scene for 1 minute and then answer some questions afterward. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Questions for the street scene. – How many vehicles were driving? • Two were driving, two were parked Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Questions for the street scene. –How many vehicles were driving? • Two were driving, two were parked. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Questions for the street scene. –What type of vehicles were they? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Questions for the street scene. –What type of vehicles were they? • Utility van with no labels and small 4 door SUV. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Questions for the street scene. –What colors were they? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Questions for the street scene. –What colors were they? • Utility van was white, SUV was dark blue with no license plate on the front. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Questions for the street scene. –Was it raining? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Questions for the street scene. –Was it raining? –Answer: No. But the SUV’s wipers were on, conditions were overcast and the SUV could have just possibly come from the rain or driven through a sprinkler. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Questions for the street scene. –What was the speed limit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • Questions for the street scene. –What was the speed limit? • 35 mph • What country is this picture in? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • Questions for the street scene. –What was the speed limit? • 35 mph • What country is this picture in? • The United States most likely because 35 mph is not Metric. The U.S. is one of the few countries to use the Old English System. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Questions for the street scene. –How many witnesses were there, what were they doing? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Questions for the street scene. –How many witnesses were there, what were they doing? • One witness, he was mowing the lawn. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • Questions for the street scene. –What season was it? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Questions for the street scene. –What season was it? • Summer, the leaves were well established and green. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Questions for the street scene. • Two were driving, two were parked. • Utility van with no labels and small 4 door SUV. • Utility van was white, SUV was dark blue with no license plate on the front. • It was not raining. • 35 mph (No Metric here, must be in the US) • One witness, he was mowing the lawn. • Summer, the leaves were well established and green. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • Question about the backyard scene? – What was the color of the roof of the shed? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • What color was the roof? – Answer: You can’t tell from the photograph. In this area of the country the roofs are dark colored shingles so that’s what we construct in our head. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • If we lived in the Slovenia, Germany , our constructions would be different as the rooftops here are all orange. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Activity! How well do you observe the world around you. – Observe each scene for 30 seconds and then answer some questions afterward. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Is this a picture of a boys room or girls room? Why?
  79. 79. • Is this a picture of a boys room or girls room? Why?
  80. 80. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • What color was the sky?
  82. 82. • What color was the sky?
  83. 83. • Which of the following roadways were shown? • A.) 16, 74, 674, • B.) 74, 39, 901, • C.) 73, 29, 601 • D.) 74, 28, 602 • E.) None of the above
  84. 84. • Which of the following roadways were shown? • A.) 16, 74, 674, • B.) 74, 39, 901, • C.) 73, 29, 601 • D.) 74, 28, 602 • E.) None of the above
  85. 85. • Which of the following roadways were shown? • A.) 16, 74, 674, • B.) 74, 39, 901, • C.) 73, 29, 601 • D.) 74, 28, 602 • E.) None of the above
  86. 86. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Questions about the street scene? – What type of location are the people at? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Questions about the street scene? – What type of location are the people at? • Airport, Train Station, Bus Station? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Questions about the street scene? – Describe the person who walked away with someone else’s green suitcase. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Questions about the street scene? – Describe the person who walked away with someone else’s green suitcase. • Male, 5’8” Black Hair, Red short sleeved shirt and blue jeans and wearing a backpack. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • What is this a picture of? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • What is this a picture of? – A women (adult) with blonde hair, maroon shirt and wearing eyeglasses. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Questions for the ocean scene? – Specifically, where was this photo taken? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Questions for the ocean scene? – Specifically, where was this photo taken? – Picture taken by passenger on a bus or train (tinted windows). Image is of a women sitting by the window seat. No smoking sign can be seen in the reflection. Her left arm is against her cheek. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • What is the grand opening for? • Hint- You have all most likely been there. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. Path of Travel
  100. 100. I hypothesize that a condiment station is next to this wall.
  101. 101. • Questions about the grand opening. – What is the grand opening for? • This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow color scheme) or another fast food chain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy McDonalds
  102. 102. • Questions about the grand opening. – What is the grand opening for? • This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow color scheme) or another fast food chain. You can see the illuminated value menus in the upper right hand corner, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy McDonalds
  103. 103. • Questions about the grand opening. – What is the grand opening for? • This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow color scheme) or another fast food chain. You can see the illuminated value menus in the upper right hand corner, and the Coca-Cola drink dispenser on the left. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy McDonalds
  104. 104. • Questions about the grand opening. – What is the grand opening for? • This is most likely a McDonalds (Red and Yellow color scheme) or another fast food chain. You can see the illuminated value menus in the upper right hand corner, and the Coca-Cola drink dispenser on the left. Coca-Cola is affiliated with the McDonalds Corporation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy McDonalds
  105. 105. • Questions about the previous scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. • Where is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. • Where is this? • A place of worship. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • Who is in this picture? Where? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Caution! The next series of slides requires maturity. – Teacher must decide right now if the class can handle the next segment.
  110. 110. • Questions about the Skittles. – What three letter word comes to mind after seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. • Questions about the Skittles. – What three letter word comes to mind after seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy It’s okay to take a risk in this situation and say what you think?
  112. 112. • Questions about the Skittles. – What three letter word comes to mind after seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. • Questions about the Skittles. – What three letter word comes to mind after seeing the skittles… ___ ___ ___ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy S E X
  114. 114. This was not a coincidence.
  115. 115. Subliminal messages are everywhere on purpose. Your brain may see it and understand it without you even knowing it.
  116. 116. “Your subconscious saw me…”
  117. 117. • Videos! (Optional) Subliminal Advertisements (ARIA Awards and BMX) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hJTGGlDZUzk ARIA AWARDS – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FEpdTZGfxCQ Derren Brown BMX
  118. 118. • Let’s go back a few slides and look for some hidden messages placed into the slide. (Full Image on Next Slide)
  119. 119.  Collaborates (talks) with others. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy S C I e N C e For RealT O D A Y F U N
  120. 120.  Collaborates (talks) with others. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy S C I e N C e For RealT O D A Y F U N
  121. 121. Can you find the message $?
  122. 122.  Hypothesis: An educated guess to your problem / question that is testable. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Activity! Teacher to collect galls from goldenrod plant.
  124. 124. • Activity! Goldenrod Gall Observation. – Make quick prediction of what you think this is and what may be inside?
  125. 125. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall – A quick lesson in the scientific method. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall – A quick lesson in the scientific method. – Make an observation of your goldenrod in the form a detailed drawing in your journal of the outside of the gall. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall – A quick lesson in the scientific method. – Make an observation of your goldenrod in the form a detailed drawing in your journal of the outside of the gall. – Ask a question / Form a hypothesis (educated guess) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall – A quick lesson in the scientific method. – Make an observation of your goldenrod in the form a detailed drawing in your journal of the outside of the gall. – Ask a question / Form a hypothesis (educated guess) – Conduct an experiment (dissect it and record a picture of what you find inside.). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall – A quick lesson in the scientific method. – Make an observation of your goldenrod in the form a detailed drawing in your journal of the outside of the gall. – Ask a question / Form a hypothesis (educated guess) – Conduct an experiment (dissect it and record a picture of what you find inside.). – Accept or reject the hypothesis. Make a new hypothesis if wrong. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Activity! The Goldenrod Gall – A quick lesson in the scientific method. – Make an observation of your goldenrod in the form a detailed drawing in your journal of the outside of the gall. – Ask a question / Form a hypothesis (educated guess) – Conduct an experiment (dissect it and record a picture of what you find inside.). – Accept or reject the hypothesis. Make a new hypothesis if wrong. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. Larvae of the stem gall fly.
  133. 133. Larvae of the stem gall fly. Scat
  134. 134. Fly injects egg into stem of goldenrod plant.
  135. 135. Fly injects egg into stem of goldenrod plant. The egg releases chemicals that cause the plant to grow cells in that area.
  136. 136. Fly injects egg into stem of goldenrod plant. The egg releases chemicals that cause the plant to grow cells in that area. The Larvae feeds from plant and is relatively safe inside the tough gall.
  137. 137. Fly injects egg into stem of goldenrod plant. The egg releases chemicals that cause the plant to grow cells in that area. The Larvae feeds from plant and is relatively safe inside the tough gall. The larvae will mature and chew hole to find mate and then new goldenrod stem to continue the process.
  138. 138. Fly injects egg into stem of goldenrod plant. The egg releases chemicals that cause the plant to grow cells in that area. The Larvae feeds from plant and is relatively safe inside the tough gall. The larvae will mature and chew hole to find mate and then new goldenrod stem to continue the process.
  139. 139. Gall fly injecting egg.
  140. 140. Escape hole from the adult fly
  141. 141. • Three common gall types exist,
  142. 142. • Three common gall types exist, the stem gall,
  143. 143. • Three common gall types exist, the stem gall, ball gall,
  144. 144. • Three common gall types exist, the stem gall, ball gall, and leaf gall.
  145. 145. Goldenrod galls don’t generally harm the plant. -Note the double galls on this plant.
  146. 146. • Stem gall fly larvae are an important food source for many birds during the winter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Parasitic Wasp – lays egg in gall and larvae eats the stem gall fly larvae inside. Eurystoma obtusiventris Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. Just mates with female and does not inject egg into goldenrod
  149. 149. • Stem gall fly larvae has a natural anti- freeze in it’s body to prevent freezing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • NASA was interested in this biological antifreeze as a way to prevent humans from freezing in the cold of deep space.
  151. 151. • Activity! Investigating the scientific method and soda cans. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • Soda and the Scientific Method. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • Soda and the Scientific Method. – Problem: What type of soda should we bring on a rafting trip? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Soda and the Scientific Method. – Problem: What type of soda should we bring on a rafting trip? – We are going rafting down a Class V section of whitewater. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • Soda and the Scientific Method. – Problem: What type of soda should we bring on a rafting trip? – We are going rafting down a Class V section of whitewater. – The first rapid called “The Turbine” will definitely flip the raft and everything on it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Please set up the spread sheet below. (6 by 7) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium mg Calories Sugar g Mass g Volume. ml Density g/cm3 Can you find?
  157. 157. • Please set up the spread sheet below. (6 by 7) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium mg Calories Sugar g Mass g Volume. ml Density g/cm3 Can you find? 375ml 375ml 375ml 375ml 375ml
  158. 158. • Soda and Scientific Method – Please find the information to complete the spreadsheet from the soda can labels. – Weigh each can on a balance. (In grams) – Feel free to place them in water to simulate the whitewater experience after spreadsheet is complete. (Keep area dry as wet floors are pose a slipping hazard) – Based on all of your findings, what soda should we bring and why? Use your data! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Soda and Scientific Method – Please find the information to complete the spreadsheet from the soda can labels. – Weigh each can on a balance. (In grams) – Feel free to place them in water to simulate the whitewater experience after spreadsheet is complete. (Keep area dry as wet floors are pose a slipping hazard) – Based on all of your findings, what soda should we bring and why? Use your data! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. • Soda and Scientific Method – Please find the information to complete the spreadsheet from the soda can labels. – Weigh each can on a balance. (In grams) – Feel free to place them in water to simulate the whitewater experience after spreadsheet is complete. (Keep area dry as wet floors are pose a slipping hazard) – Based on all of your findings, what soda should we bring and why? Use your data! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • Soda and Scientific Method – Please find the information to complete the spreadsheet from the soda can labels. – Weigh each can on a balance. (In grams) – Feel free to place them in water to simulate the whitewater experience after spreadsheet is complete. (Keep area dry as wet floors are pose a slipping hazard) – Based on all of your findings, what soda should we bring and why? Use your data! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. • Soda and Scientific Method – Please find the information to complete the spreadsheet from the soda can labels. – Weigh each can on a balance. (In grams) – Feel free to place them in water to simulate the whitewater experience after spreadsheet is complete. (Keep area dry as wet floors are pose a slipping hazard) – Based on all of your findings, what soda should we bring and why? Use your data! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • Soda and Scientific Method – Please find the information to complete the spreadsheet from the soda can labels. – Weigh each can on a balance. (In grams) – Feel free to place them in water to simulate the whitewater experience after spreadsheet is complete. (Keep area dry as wet floors are pose a slipping hazard) – Based on all of your findings, what soda should we bring and why? Use your data. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Answers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  165. 165. • Answers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  166. 166. • Soda and Scientific Method – Determine the density of each soda D= M/V – Mass (g) – Density = ----------------- = _______ g/cm3 – Volume cm3 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  168. 168. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  169. 169. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  170. 170. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  171. 171. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  172. 172. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  173. 173. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  174. 174. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  175. 175. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  176. 176. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  177. 177. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  178. 178. • Which one will float in water? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  179. 179. • Which one will float in water? Diet Coke Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Brand of Soda Sodium Calories Sugar Mass Volume. H2O Density Coke 45mg 140 39g 388g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Sunkist 70mg 190 50g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Mt. Dew 65mg 170 46g 387g 375 ml 1.03 g/cm3 Diet Coke 40mg 0 0 370g 375 ml .98 g/cm3 Sprite 60mg 140 38g 380g 375 ml 1.01 g/cm3 375 ml
  180. 180. • Answer: The diet soda floats because it has a density of less than 1. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. • Answer: The diet soda floats because it has a density of less than 1. – The regular soda sinks because the abundance of sugar increases its density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. • Answer: The diet soda floats because it has a density of less than 1. – The regular soda sinks because the abundance of sugar increases its density. – We should bring Diet Coke as it will not sink to the bottom of the river? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. • Answer: The diet soda floats because it has a density of less than 1. – The regular soda sinks because the abundance of sugar increases its density. – We should bring Diet Coke as it will not sink to the bottom of the river? – Any objections or other considerations? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. • Answer: The diet soda floats because it has a density of less than 1. – The regular soda sinks because the abundance of sugar increases its density. – We should bring Diet Coke as it will not sink to the bottom of the river? – Any objections or other considerations? – Should we bring Mtn. Dew? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Video Link! (Optional) Mtn. Dew Mouth. – How Mtn. Dew and other sodas can cause serious tooth decay if misused. – http://www.mefeedia.com/video/14377911 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. • Activity! CSI Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. • Activity! CSI – You will visit a crime scene. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Activity! CSI – You will visit a crime scene. – Sketch out the scene focusing on all of your observations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • Activity! CSI – You will visit a crime scene. – Sketch out the scene focusing on all of your observations. – Create a hypothesis (educated guess) of what happened based on your observations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Activity! CSI – You will visit a crime scene. – Sketch out the scene focusing on all of your observations. – Create a hypothesis (educated guess) of what happened based on your observations. – Draw a conclusion based on evidence. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Activity! (Optional) Times Have Changed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • Activity Sheet Available, Times have changed, Trials, Average. – Variance and Standard Deviation Extension
  193. 193. • Note- The learning today will only partly be about variations in sound.
  194. 194. • Note- The learning today will only partly be about variations in sound. – Learning how to conduct trials is an important skill that will occur in this activity.
  195. 195. • We must use the scientific method to gather empirical and measurable evidence.
  196. 196. • We must use the scientific method to gather empirical and measurable evidence. – The sample size should be large.
  197. 197. • We must use the scientific method to gather empirical and measurable evidence. – The sample size should be large. – Random sampling techniques should be used.
  198. 198. • We must use the scientific method to gather empirical and measurable evidence. – The sample size should be large. – Random sampling techniques should be used. – All biases should be avoided and poorly collected data should be thrown out.
  199. 199. • Please create the following spreadsheet. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials Old New 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials Old New
  200. 200. • Please create the following spreadsheet. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials Old New 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10Trials Old New
  201. 201. • Problem: Can you determine an old penny from a new penny by the sound it makes when dropped?
  202. 202. • Problem: Can you determine an old penny from a new penny by the sound it makes when dropped? – Old = Made before 1982 – New = Made after 1982
  203. 203. • Problem: Can you determine an old penny from a new penny by the sound it makes when dropped? – Old = Made before 1982 – New = Made after 1982
  204. 204. • Activity! (Optional) Times Have Changed. – Pennies have changed in composition over the years. (Background Information) • 1793–1857 100% copper • 1857–1864 88% copper, 12% nickel • 1864–1962 bronze (95% copper, 5% tin and zinc) • 1943 zinc-coated steel • 1944–1946 brass (95% copper, 5% zinc) • 1962–1982 brass (95% copper, 5% zinc) • 1982–present 97.5% zinc, 2.5% copper
  205. 205. • Activity! (Optional) Times Have Changed. – Pennies have changed in composition over the years. (Background Information) • 1793–1857 100% copper • 1857–1864 88% copper, 12% nickel • 1864–1962 bronze (95% copper, 5% tin and zinc) • 1943 zinc-coated steel • 1944–1946 brass (95% copper, 5% zinc) • 1962–1982 brass (95% copper, 5% zinc) • 1982–present 97.5% zinc, 2.5% copper
  206. 206. • Make an educated guess called a hypothesis for the problem. – Problem: Can you determine an old penny from a new penny by the sound it makes when dropped?
  207. 207. • Please drop an old penny and a new penny 15 times each from a height of 30 cm onto a hard surface and listen to the sound it makes.
  208. 208. • Example of tester organizing trials. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Old Old Old Old Old New New New New New Trials Old New
  209. 209. • Activity! Times Have Changed – Choose a partner for this project that was not next to you during random order collection. – Keep your random test order hidden from your new partner / listener. – Listener should keep eyes closed during each drop and until pennies have been collected. • Old and new pennies look differently. – Tester and listener must communicate for each drop. Tester says “dropping” and listener says “drop away.” Listener can open eyes when tester says pennies have been collected and mark their guess on the listener spreadsheet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. • Problem: Can you determine an old penny from a new penny by the sound it makes when dropped? –Score your own sheet • (10 pts for correct response) –Gather the entire classes scores to obtain average / mean. • Add all of the scores and divide by the number of students. – What was the average grade / mean (%) • Do our results answer the problem?
  211. 211. • Continuation (Optional) Finding standard deviation and variance. – Standard variation is the square root on the variance. – Variance: The average of the squared differences from the mean.
  212. 212. • Statistical Methods – The mean / average was… – Everyone calculate how far away their data was from the mean / average. • Ex.) The mean was 80 and I got 60 so I was 20 from the mean. – To calculate the variance, take each difference, square it, and then average the result as a class. • Ex) 22 + 4.52 + 1.52 + 3.52 + (rest of class) Divide by total # of students = variance
  213. 213. • The Standard Deviation is just the square root of the Variance. – So square the variance that we found. Example… 6523 = 80.76% We now have a standard to show which scores are high and low and to help answer our problem.
  214. 214. • The Standard Deviation is just the square root of the Variance. – So square the variance that we found. Example… 6523 = 80.76% We now have a standard to show which scores are high and low and to help answer our problem. Standard Deviation and Variance. Learn more at… http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/standard-deviation.html
  215. 215. • Stand Deviation Calculator: – Did we calculate correctly? – http://www.mathsisfun.com/data/standard- deviation-calculator.html
  216. 216. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. “Subliminal advertising”
  219. 219. “Subliminal advertising” “This is wrong on so many levels.”
  220. 220. • Raise your hand when you think you know the picture beneath the boxes. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. Snow White
  222. 222. “Never conclude a lab report with…”
  223. 223. “The End.”
  224. 224. • Remember to use, and encourage others to use the Metric System! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. • You should be very close to completion of your bundle.
  226. 226. • You can now add information to the white spaces around the following. – You can also color the sketches and text.
  227. 227. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk
  228. 228. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk
  229. 229. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience.
  230. 230. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience.
  231. 231. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience. Is safe! Is accurate, precise and methodical. Is unbiased, a seeker of the truth. Can observe and question. Can find solutions, reasons, and research. Works in all weather conditions if safe. Can overcome obstacles. Collaborates (talks) with others.
  232. 232. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience. Is safe! Is accurate, precise and methodical. Is unbiased, a seeker of the truth. Can observe and question. Can find solutions, reasons, and research. Works in all weather conditions if safe. Can overcome obstacles. Collaborates (talks) with others.
  233. 233. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience. Is safe! Is accurate, precise and methodical. Is unbiased, a seeker of the truth. Can observe and question. Can find solutions, reasons, and research. Works in all weather conditions if safe. Can overcome obstacles. Collaborates (talks) with others. A process that is the basis for scientific inquiry questioning and understanding.
  234. 234. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience. Is safe! Is accurate, precise and methodical. Is unbiased, a seeker of the truth. Can observe and question. Can find solutions, reasons, and research. Works in all weather conditions if safe. Can overcome obstacles. Collaborates (talks) with others. A process that is the basis for scientific inquiry questioning and understanding.
  235. 235. Magnification: The act of expanding something in apparent size. King Henry Died While Drinking Chocolate Milk A study of natural phenomenon. A systematic study and method. Knowledge through experience. Is safe! Is accurate, precise and methodical. Is unbiased, a seeker of the truth. Can observe and question. Can find solutions, reasons, and research. Works in all weather conditions if safe. Can overcome obstacles. Collaborates (talks) with others. A process that is the basis for scientific inquiry questioning and understanding.
  236. 236. • Activity! Science Skills Unit Review Game Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. • Activity! (Optional) Making Goop / Time to show me your science skills. – Available Sheet
  238. 238. • Activity! (Optional) Making Goop • Directions in video and on next slide. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=48- DU0kQtPg
  239. 239. • Materials – Glue bottle (4oz) – 2 mixing bowls – Water – Mixing spoon – Measuring Cups – Borax – Measuring spoon – Sealable Bag
  240. 240. • Procedure: – 1.) Squeeze glue into bowl. – 2.) Fill glue bottle with water, cap, mix, and pour into the glue in bowl. – 3.) Stir and add desired food coloring. – 4.) Set that bowl aside. – 5.) In new bowl mix 1 cup of water with 1 tablespoon of borax and stir. – 6.) Add 1/3 a cup of borax and water mixture into a bowl and stir. – 7.) Slowly add the contents from the glue bowl into the borax bowl while you stir. – 8.) Pick up goop and work it with your hands. Put in plastic bag and clean up area. – 9.)Once area is clean you can play with goop.
  241. 241. • Goop is a polymer you can make from white glue and borax. – Borax is a cleaning agent and natural mineral composed of sodium, boron, oxygen and water. – The Elmer’s glue is a long-chained polymer (Poly Vinyl Acetate), meaning it is a set of molecules that are linked together in a long chain. – When added together, the borate ions bond with water molecules. These long polymers link together to form a matrix that is not very strong. – This why goop is stretchable and considered a Non-Newtonian Fluid. High Viscosity.
  242. 242. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  243. 243. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.sciencedaily.com/ • http://www.sciencemag.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  244. 244. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The Introduction to Science / Metric Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and the Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  246. 246. Areas of Focus within The Science Skills Unit: Lab Safety, Lab Safety Equipment, Magnification, Microscopes, Stereoscopes, Hand Lenses, Electron Microscopes, Compound Light Microscopes, Parts of a Compound Microscope, Metric System, International System of Units, Scientific Notation, Base Units, Mass, Volume, Density, Temperature, Time, Other SI Units, Observation, Inferences, Scientific Method, What is Science? What makes a good scientist? Types of Scientists, Branches of Science, Scientific Method, Hypothesis, Observations, Inferences. Hundreds of PowerPoint samples, the bundled homework package, unit notes, and much more can be previewed at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html
  247. 247. • This PowerPoint is on small part of my Science Skills Unit. This unit includes… • A Four Part 2,000+ Slide PowerPoint presentation full of class activities, review opportunities, project ideas, video linksm discussion questions, and much more. • 16 page bundled homework package that chronologically follows the PowerPoint slideshow. Modified version provided. • Worksheets, curriculum guide, Common Core worksheet. • 15 pages of unit notes with visuals for students who require assistance and support staff. • Many video and academic links • 1 PowerPoint review game with answer key. • Flashcards, rubrics, activity sheets, and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Me tric_Methods.html
  248. 248. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  249. 249. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  250. 250. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
  251. 251. http://www.teacherspaytea chers.com/Product/Physical -Science-Curriculum- 596485 http://www.teacherspayt eachers.com/Product/Life -Science-Curriculum- 601267 http://www.teacherspayt eachers.com/Product/Eart h-Science-Curriculum- 590950
  252. 252. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/

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