Molecules, Electrons, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Atoms and Periodic Table of the Elements unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 2000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 15 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus: -Atoms (Atomic Force Microscopes), Rutherford's Gold Foil Experiment, Cathode Tube, Atoms, Fundamental Particles, The Nucleus, Isotopes, AMU, Size of Atoms and Particles, Quarks, Recipe of the Universe, Atomic Theory, Atomic Symbols, #'s, Valence Electrons, Octet Rule, SPONCH Atoms, Molecules, Hydrocarbons (Structure), Alcohols (Structure), Proteins (Structure), Periodic Table of the Elements, Organization of Periodic Table, Transition Metals, Electron Negativity, Non-Metals, Metals, Metalloids, Atomic Bonds, Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, Metallic Bonds, Ionization, and much more.

This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks

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Molecules, Electrons, Physical Science Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Second Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen – H O –H –O- HDihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO) is a colorless and odorless chemical compound, also referred to by some as Dihydrogen Oxide.
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indents when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics - -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Label please. Neutron Proton Electron
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com
  6. 6. • Activity! Online Atom Builder. • http://www.freezeray.com/flashFiles/atomB uilder.htm • http://www.sharewareconnection.com/the- atom-builder.htm – Sodium Na – Calcium Ca – Potassium K – Beryllium Be – Aluminum Al Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • You should doing page 5 and 6 in your bundle.
  8. 8. • Additional Available Sheet. Orbitals, – Find P+, N, and E-, Atomic #, Mass and more.
  9. 9. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. – Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol on note card. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. – Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol on note card. • Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. – Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol on note card. • Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron – Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the correct number of protons. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. – Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol on note card. • Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron – Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the correct number of protons. – Repeat for neutrons, calculate correctly, (different color, slightly larger) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. – Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol on note card. • Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron – Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the correct number of protons. – Repeat for neutrons, calculate correctly, (different color, slightly larger) – Roll very small balls into electrons (different color). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Activity! Each table group needs to build one of the SPONCH elements out of clay. – Provide Name, Atomic #, and Atomic Symbol on note card. • Yellow = Proton, Red = Neutron, Green = Electron – Roll balls of clay into fairly large circles for the correct number of protons. – Repeat for neutrons, calculate correctly, (different color, slightly larger) – Roll very small balls into electrons (different color). – Arrange on table to show electron orbitals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. – Up quark = blue Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. – Up quark = blue – Down quark = green Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. – Up quark = blue – Down quark = green – Gluons = any color Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. – Up quark = blue – Down quark = green – Gluons = any color Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. – Up quark = blue – Down quark = green – Gluons = any color Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Proton (+) Neutron (O)
  22. 22. • Slice open a neutron and proton and place three quarks and gluons inside. – Up quark = blue – Down quark = green – Gluons = any color Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Proton (+) Neutron (O) Proton =Yellow Neutron =Red Electron=Green S P O N C H
  23. 23. • Activity Worksheet! Create electron dot diagrams in your journal for the following elements. – Also include atomic #, symbol, name and amu. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • What is SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Answer! SPONCH are the biologically important elements of life. • 99% of life is made up of these atoms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • Electron Orbitals Available Sheet
  27. 27.  S-  P-  O-  N-  C-  H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28.  S-Sulfur  P-  O-  N-  C-  H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29.  S-Sulfur  P-Phosphorus  O-  N-  C-  H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30.  S-Sulfur  P-Phosphorus  O-Oxygen  N-  C-  H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31.  S-Sulfur  P-Phosphorus  O-Oxygen  N-Nitrogen  C-  H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32.  S-Sulfur  P-Phosphorus  O-Oxygen  N-Nitrogen  C-Carbon  H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33.  S-Sulfur  P-Phosphorus  O-Oxygen  N-Nitrogen  C-Carbon  H-Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. S – atomic number # 16 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. S – atomic number # 16 P – atomic number # 15 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. S – atomic number # 16 P – atomic number # 15 O – atomic number # 8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. S – atomic number # 16 P – atomic number # 15 O – atomic number # 8 N – atomic number # 7 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. S – atomic number # 16 P – atomic number # 15 O – atomic number # 8 N – atomic number # 7 C – atomic number # 6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Activity! SPONCH Elements • Create an atomic model for each element in SPONCH. S – atomic number # 16 P – atomic number # 15 O – atomic number # 8 N – atomic number # 7 C – atomic number # 6 H – atomic number # 1 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH?
  43. 43. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH?
  44. 44. Name: Sulfur Symbol: S Atomic Number: 16 Atomic Mass: 32.066 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. Name: Phosphorus Symbol: P Atomic Number: 15 Atomic Mass: 30.97376 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH?
  50. 50. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. Name: Oxygen Symbol: O Atomic Number: 8 Atomic Mass: 15.9994 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. Name: Nitrogen Symbol: N Atomic Number: 7 Atomic Mass: 14.00674 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. Name: Carbon Symbol: C Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass: 12.0107 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • Which orbital diagram below matches up with the letters from the word SPONCH? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. Name: Hydrogen Symbol: H Atomic Number: 1 Atomic Mass: 1.00794 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • There are just over one hundred different kinds of known atoms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • There are just over one hundred different kinds of known atoms. • Ninety two of these elements are naturally occurring (i.e. they are found on the earth), and the remainder have been made artificially in nuclear reactors. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65.  Octet Rule – Elements want 8 electrons in their outer shell (valence). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66.  Octet Rule – Elements want 8 electrons in their outer shell (valence). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Octete Rule: Learn more http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/General_Chemistry /Octet_Rule_and_Exceptions
  67. 67. • Octet Rule – Elements want 8 electrons in their outer shell (valence). –Go to your mini periodic table and complete. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
  69. 69. • Using Lewis dot structures = The number of electrons in outer shell. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Using Lewis dot structures = The number of electrons in outer shell. – You can now make molecules following the octet rule. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Using Lewis dot structures = The number of electrons in outer shell. – You can now make molecules following the octet rule. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Lewis Dot Structures: Learn more…http://www.chem.ucla.edu/harding/le wisdots.html
  72. 72. • (Optional Link): Khan Academy • Periodic Groups: Octet Rule (12 min) Advanced Video. • http://www.khanacademy.org/video/groups -of-the-periodic-table?playlist=Chemistry
  73. 73. H He Li Be B C N O F Ne Na Mg Al Si P S Cl Ar K Ca Sc Ti Ga Ge As Se Br Kr
  74. 74. • Using Lewis dot structures = The number of electrons in outer shell. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. -S- -P- -O- -N- -C- H- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” “I want to be paired.” paired.” t to be ed.” “I want to be paired.”be
  84. 84.  Molecule: Two or more atoms join together chemically.
  85. 85.  Molecule: Two or more atoms join together chemically.
  86. 86.  Molecule: Two or more atoms join together chemically.
  87. 87.  Molecule: Two or more atoms join together chemically.
  88. 88. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings.
  89. 89. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH.
  90. 90. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom.
  91. 91. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. S
  92. 92. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. -S-
  93. 93. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot P
  94. 94. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot -P-
  95. 95. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands O
  96. 96. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands -O-
  97. 97. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot N
  98. 98. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot -N-
  99. 99. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot • Carbon has two hands both feet -C
  100. 100. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot • Carbon has two hands both feet -C-
  101. 101. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot • Carbon has two hands both feet. • Hydrogen has only one hand. H
  102. 102. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot • Carbon has two hands both feet. • Hydrogen has only one hand. H-
  103. 103. • Activity! SPONCH Greetings. – Six people will be assigned atoms from SPONCH. – They need to shake hands with another atom. • Sulfur has two hands. • Phosphorus has two hands one foot • Oxygen has two hands • Nitrogen has two hands 1 foot • Carbon has two hands both feet. • Hydrogen has only one hand.
  104. 104. • First Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen –H –H
  105. 105. • First Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen –H H- -H –H
  106. 106. • First Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen –H H- -H –H Hydrogen (H2) is a colorless, odorless, flammable gas which is compressed to high pressure.
  107. 107. • Second Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen –H –H –O-
  108. 108. • Second Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen – H O –H –O- H
  109. 109. • Second Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen – H O –H –O- H
  110. 110. • Second Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen – H O –H –O- HDihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO) is a colorless and odorless chemical compound, also referred to by some as Dihydrogen Oxide.
  111. 111. • Second Greeting – Meeting between Two Hydrogen and One Oxygen – H O –H –O- HDihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO) is a colorless and odorless chemical compound, also referred to by some as Dihydrogen Oxide.
  112. 112. • Third Greeting – Meeting between Two Oxygen and One Carbon –O- –O- –C-
  113. 113. • Third Greeting – Meeting between Two Oxygen and One Carbon CO O
  114. 114. • Third Greeting – Meeting between Two Oxygen and One Carbon CO O
  115. 115. • Third Greeting – Meeting between Two Oxygen and One Carbon CO O Carbon dioxide (chemical formula CO2) is a naturally occurring chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms bonded to a single carbon atom.
  116. 116. • Fourth Greeting – Meeting between two Nitrogen –N- N
  117. 117. • Third Greeting – Meeting between two Nitrogen N N
  118. 118. • Third Greeting – Meeting between two Nitrogen N N Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7. Elemental nitrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, and mostly inert diatomic gas at standard conditions, constituting 78.09% by volume of Earth' atmosphere.
  119. 119. • Fifth Greeting – Meeting between one Carbon and four Hydrogen –H –H –H –H C
  120. 120. • Fifth Greeting – Meeting between one Carbon and four Hydrogen C H H H H
  121. 121. • Fifth Greeting – Meeting between one Carbon and four Hydrogen C H H H
  122. 122. • Fifth Greeting – Meeting between one Carbon and four Hydrogen C H H H H Methane (CH4) is a colourless, odourless, non-toxic and flammable gas, and is the most simple of the hydrocarbons.
  123. 123. • Sixth Greeting PO4 – Meeting between one Phosphorus and four Oxygen. P O O O O
  124. 124. • Sixth Greeting PO4 – Meeting between one Phosphorus and four Oxygen. P O O O O
  125. 125. • Sixth Greeting PO4 – Meeting between one Phosphorus and four Oxygen. P O O O O
  126. 126. • Sixth Greeting PO4 – Meeting between one Phosphorus and four Oxygen. P O O O O
  127. 127. • Sixth Greeting PO4 – Meeting between one Phosphorus and four Oxygen. P O O O O Phosphate has empirical formula PO3−4 . It consists of one central phosphorus atom surrounded by four oxygen atoms in a tetrahedral arrangement.
  128. 128. • Seventh Greeting SH2 (Hydrogen Sulfide) – Meeting between one Sulfur and Two Hydrogen. S H H
  129. 129. • Seventh Greeting SH2 (Hydrogen Sulfide) – Meeting between one Sulfur and Two Hydrogen. S HH
  130. 130. • Seventh Greeting SH2 (Hydrogen Sulfide) – Meeting between one Sulfur and Two Hydrogen. S HH
  131. 131. • Seventh Greeting SH2 (Hydrogen Sulfide) – Meeting between one Sulfur and Two Hydrogen. S HH Hydrogen sulfide is a colorless, very poisonous, flammable gas with the characteristic foul odor of rotten eggs.
  132. 132. • Video Link. Lewis Dot Diagrams – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ulyopnxjAZ8
  133. 133. • Name the famous scientists below?
  134. 134. • Name the famous scientists below?
  135. 135. • Name the famous scientists below?
  136. 136. • Name the famous scientists below?
  137. 137. • Name the famous scientists below?
  138. 138. • Name the famous scientists below?
  139. 139. • Name the famous scientists below?
  140. 140. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  141. 141. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  142. 142. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  143. 143. • Let’s try a water molecule. H2O H=O ll H
  144. 144. • Let’s try a water molecule. H2O – When using Lewis Dot Structures, a single bond is represented with one line. H=O ll H
  145. 145. • Let’s try a water molecule. H2O – When using Lewis Dot Structures, a single bond is represented with one line. H=O ll H
  146. 146. • Let’s try a water molecule. H2O – When using Lewis Dot Structures, a single bond is represented with one line. – Paired electrons get dots. H=O ll H
  147. 147. • Activity! Whiteboards,
  148. 148. • Activity! Whiteboards, Worksheet,
  149. 149. • Activity! Whiteboards, Worksheet, and Molecule Set.
  150. 150. • Activity! Whiteboards, Worksheet, and Molecule Set. Oxygen
  151. 151. • Activity! Optional. Build Molecules with Legos. Learn more at… – http://mindandhand.mit.edu/educators/curriculum -packages/lego-chemistry.shtml
  152. 152. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Try Water H2O Draw it and then build it – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  160. 160. • Let’s try Methane CH4
  161. 161. • Let’s try Methane CH4 C
  162. 162. • Let’s try Methane CH4 C H H H H
  163. 163. • Let’s try Methane CH4 C H H H H
  164. 164. • Let’s try Methane CH4 C H H H H
  165. 165. • Let’s try Methane CH4 C H H H H
  166. 166. • Let’s try Methane CH4 C H H H H
  167. 167. • Some helpful tools. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  169. 169. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring. – Hydrogens are on the outside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring. – Hydrogens are on the outside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring. – Hydrogens are on the outside. – The smaller number is usually on the inside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy C C3H8
  173. 173. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring. – Hydrogens are on the outside. – The smaller number is usually on the inside. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy C C3H8
  174. 174. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring – Hydrogens are on the outside – The smaller number is usually on the inside – Double or triple bonds can often form Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring – Hydrogens are on the outside – The smaller number is usually on the inside – Double or triple bonds can often form Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. • Some helpful tools. – Carbon can form a backbone or ring – Hydrogens are on the outside – The smaller number is usually on the inside – Double or triple bonds can often form Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen forms a double bond here.
  177. 177. • Try C3H8 (Propane) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen forms a double bond here. -C- -C- -C- H- H- H- H- H- H- H- H-
  178. 178. • Try C3H8 (Propane) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen forms a double bond here. -C- -C- -C- -C- H- H- H- H- H- H- H- H-
  179. 179. • Try C3H8 (Propane) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Oxygen forms a double bond here. -C- -C- -C- -C-
  180. 180. • Activity! Use the whiteboards to create Lewis Dot Structures for some common molecules.
  181. 181. • Activity! Use the whiteboards to create Lewis Dot Structures for some common molecules. – Recommended to record the correct molecules in your journal after whiteboard use.
  182. 182. • Activity! Use the whiteboards to create Lewis Dot Structures for some common molecules. – Recommended to record the correct molecules in your journal after whiteboard use.
  183. 183. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  184. 184. • Hydrogen + hydrogen = Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Hydrogen + hydrogen = H2 Gas – Full shell =  elements Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. • Hydrogen + hydrogen = H2 Gas – Full shell =  elements Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. Try Methane CH4 Draw it and then build it • Black = Carbon • Yellow = Hydrogen
  188. 188. • Now using electron dot diagrams Create molecules like Methane CH4
  189. 189. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  190. 190. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • What is the empirical formula for this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • What is the empirical formula for this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  195. 195. • Table Salt NaCl Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • Table Salt NaCl Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Table Salt NaCl Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • Table Salt NaCl Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Table Salt NaCl Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy View animation of Salt (NaCl) being added water to create saltwater at… http://clasfaculty.ucdenver.edu/callen/1202/Battle/Destroy/Wx/Weathering/Dissoluti onSalt.swf
  200. 200. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  201. 201. • Double Bond O2 Gas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. • Double Bond O2 Gas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203. • Double Bond O2 Gas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy O=O
  204. 204. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  205. 205. • Try a triple bond N2 Gas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Try a triple bond N2 Gas Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy N=N
  207. 207. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  208. 208. • Please create electron structure and then build CCl4. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. • Please create electron structure and then build CCl4. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. • Please create electron structure and then build CCl4. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. • Please create electron structure and then build CCl4. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  213. 213. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 – Hint- It forms a double bond. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 – Hint- It forms a double bond. – Double bonds occur when an atom isn’t completely involved. A difficult orbital thing that we aren’t going to cover. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 – Hint- It forms a double bond. – Double bonds occur when an atom isn’t completely involved. A difficult orbital thing that we aren’t going to cover. – Each oxygen will share 4 electrons with the carbon, Carbon then = 8 , and Oxygen =8  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 – Hint- It forms a double bond. – Double bonds occur when an atom isn’t completely involved. A difficult orbital thing that we aren’t going to cover. – Each oxygen will share 4 electrons with the carbon, Carbon then = 8 , and Oxygen =8  – Black = Carbon – Red = oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Red = oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. • Carbon Dioxide Gas CO2 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Red = oxygen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy O=C=O
  220. 220. • Activity Worksheet! Lewis dot structures and molecule building. – Worksheet supported by slideshow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. • What Element are these?
  222. 222. • What Element are these?
  223. 223. • What Element are these?
  224. 224. • What Element are these?
  225. 225. • What Element are these?
  226. 226. • Which one is essential for life?
  227. 227. • Answer! Phosphorus (Part of DNA)
  228. 228. • Which one is rat poison?
  229. 229. • Answer! Arsenic
  230. 230. • How are these two elements similar?
  231. 231. • Answer! They both have 5 valence electrons?
  232. 232. • Answer! They both have 5 valence electrons?
  233. 233. Arsenic takes the place of Phosphorus in your DNA which causes death.
  234. 234. • Carbohydrates: What three elements do you think can be found in carbohydrates based on their name? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  235. 235. • Carbohydrates: What three elements do you think can be found in carbohydrates based on their name? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  236. 236. • Carbohydrates: What three elements do you think can be found in carbohydrates based on their name? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  237. 237. • Carbohydrates: What three elements do you think can be found in carbohydrates based on their name? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “Did anybody see hiding in those Carbohydrates.”
  238. 238. • Carbohydrates: What three elements do you think can be found in carbohydrates based on their name? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  249. 249.  Carbohydrate: A group of organic compounds, including sugars, starches and fiber, that is a major source of energy for animals. Made of C, H, O (1:2:1) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  250. 250. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  251. 251. • Make Glucose C6H12O6 Black = Carbon Red = Oxygen Yellow = Hydrogen Note – Red should not touch another red, and it works easier if carbon is in a chain for building purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. • Make Glucose C6H12O6 Black = Carbon Red = Oxygen Yellow = Hydrogen Note – Red should not touch another red, and it works easier if carbon is in a chain for building purposes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • Sugars take many forms Glucose C6H12O6 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254.  Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255.  Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256.  Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  257. 257.  Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  258. 258.  Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  259. 259.  Hydrocarbon: An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Hydrocarbons: http://www.eoearth.or g/article/Hydrocarbon_ chemistry?topic=49557
  260. 260. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  261. 261. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Propane C3H8 Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  262. 262. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Propane C3H8 Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Propane C3H8 Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Propane C3H8 Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  265. 265. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Propane C3H8 Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  266. 266. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  267. 267. • Butane C4H10 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow= Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  268. 268. • Butane C4H10 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow= Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. • Butane C4H10 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow= Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  270. 270. • Butane C4H10 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow= Hydrogen
  271. 271. • Pentane C5H12 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  272. 272. • Pentane C5H12 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow = Hydrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  273. 273. • Pentane C5H12 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow = Hydrogen
  274. 274. • Pentane C5H12 Draw it and then build it – Black = Carbon – Yellow = Hydrogen
  275. 275. • Activity Simulator: Build a Molecule • http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/buil d-a-molecule
  276. 276.  Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with an OH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  277. 277.  Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with an OH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  278. 278.  Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with an OH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  279. 279.  Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with an OH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  280. 280.  Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with an OH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  281. 281.  Alcohol: Mostly carbon and hydrogen with an OH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more: http://www.chemguide. co.uk/organicprops/alco hols/background.html
  282. 282. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Alcohol C2H6O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  283. 283. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Alcohol C2H6O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Alcohol C2H6O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Alcohol C2H6O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Alcohol C2H6O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  287. 287. • Create Lewis Dot Structure and then build Alcohol C2H6O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  288. 288. • Which molecule below is C2H6O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  289. 289. • Which molecule below is C2H6O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  290. 290. • Which molecule below is C2H6O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  291. 291. • Which molecule below is C2H6O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  292. 292. • Which molecule below is C2H6O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  293. 293. • Answer! Ethanol C2H6O
  294. 294. • Answer! Ethanol C2H6O
  295. 295. • Which molecule below is C3H8O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  296. 296. • Which molecule below is C3H8O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  297. 297. • Which molecule below is C3H8O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  298. 298. • Which molecule below is C3H8O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  299. 299. • Which molecule below is C3H8O? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  300. 300. • Answer! Propanol C3H8O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  301. 301. • Answer! Propanol C3H8O and C3H8O Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  302. 302. • What alcohol molecule is this a picture of? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  303. 303. • What alcohol molecule is this a picture of? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  304. 304. • C3H8O
  305. 305. • C3H8O
  306. 306. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle • Obtain Materials, Safety Sheet, and Procedure at… • http://www.nuffieldfoundation.org/practical- chemistry/whoosh-bottle-demonstration
  307. 307. • Whoosh Bottle Video Link: – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0aqH1JgmZ_4
  308. 308. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air.
  309. 309. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air. – When mixed it becomes heavier than air and sinks to bottom of bottle.
  310. 310. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air – When mixed it becomes heavier than air and sinks to bottom of bottle. – Combustion reaction will be very fast.
  311. 311. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air – When mixed it becomes heavier than air and sinks to bottom of bottle. – Combustion reaction will be very fast. – The equation for the reaction is…
  312. 312. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air – When mixed it becomes heavier than air and sinks to bottom of bottle. – Combustion reaction will be very fast. – The equation for the reaction is… (CH3)2CHOH(g) + 9/2 O2  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)
  313. 313. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air – When mixed it becomes heavier than air and sinks to bottom of bottle. – Combustion reaction will be very fast. – The equation for the reaction is… (CH3)2CHOH(g) + 9/2 O2  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) Isopropyl Oxygen Carbon Water Alcohol Dioxide
  314. 314. • Activity (Optional) Whoosh Bottle – Alcohol vaporizes easily and mixes with air – When mixed it becomes heavier than air and sinks to bottom of bottle. – Combustion reaction will be very fast. – The equation for the reaction is… (CH3)2CHOH(g) + 9/2 O2  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g) Isopropyl Oxygen Carbon Water Alcohol Dioxide Was water found at the end of the reaction?
  315. 315. This is really difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is really difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  316. 316.  Protein: Group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are an essential part of living cells. ONCH Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  317. 317. • Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein. Mostly made of ONCH. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  318. 318. • Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein. Mostly made of ONCH. Amino Acids contain both a carboxyl group (COOH) and an amino group (NH2) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  319. 319. • Amino Acids are the building blocks of protein. Mostly made of ONCH. Amino Acids contain both a carboxyl group (COOH) and an amino group (NH2) – Try and build the protein below. – Black = Carbon – Yellow = Hydrogen – Red = Oxygen – Blue = Nitrogen – Purple = R group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  320. 320. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  321. 321. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  322. 322. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  323. 323. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  324. 324. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  325. 325. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  326. 326. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  327. 327. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  328. 328. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  329. 329. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  330. 330. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  331. 331. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  332. 332. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  333. 333. • Try and create one of the many Amino Acids called Alanine, CH3-CH(NH2)-COOH – C (put me in the middle) – CH3 (Attach me to the C) – NH2 (Attach to the C in the middle) – COOH (Attach me to the C in the middle) – H (Attach me to the C in the middle)
  334. 334. • Try and build one of the many Amino Acids called Glycine, NH2-CH2-COOH (different structure) than prior Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Red = Oxygen Blue = Nitrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  335. 335. • Try and build one of the many Amino Acids called Glycine, NH2-CH2-COOH (different structure) than prior Black = Carbon Yellow = Hydrogen Red = Oxygen Blue = Nitrogen Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  336. 336. • Try and find the NH2 groups, and COOH group in the Amino Acid, Glutamine H2N-CO-(CH2)2- CH(NH2)-COOH COOH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  337. 337. • Try and find the NH2 groups, and COOH group in the Amino Acid, Glutamine H2N-CO-(CH2)2- CH(NH2)-COOH COOH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  338. 338. • Try and find the NH2 groups, and COOH group in the Amino Acid, Glutamine H2N-CO-(CH2)2- CH(NH2)-COOH COOH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  339. 339. • Try and find the NH2 groups, and COOH group in the Amino Acid, Glutamine H2N-CO-(CH2)2- CH(NH2)-COOH COOH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  340. 340. • Try and find the NH2 groups, and COOH group in the Amino Acid, Glutamine H2N-CO-(CH2)2- CH(NH2)-COOH COOH group Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  341. 341. • These are some of the various amino acids that make up proteins, the building blocks of life. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  342. 342. • Available Sheet. Electron Dot Structures,
  343. 343. • We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  344. 344. • We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron. – The electrons don’t orbit the nucleus like the planets orbit the sun. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  345. 345. • We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron. – The electrons don’t orbit the nucleus like the planets orbit the sun. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  346. 346. • We’ve learned the Bohr model of the electron. – The electrons don’t orbit the nucleus like the planets orbit the sun. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  347. 347. This is extremely difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is extremely difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  348. 348. This is extremely difficult learning ahead and I’m going to try my best to learn it. I’m not going to give up. This is extremely difficult and I’m going to quit as soon as I don’t know it. I’m going to check out completely or create issues for those choosing A.
  349. 349. • Video Link! Cassiopeia Project – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5MMWpeJ 5dn4&feature=fvsr
  350. 350. • Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle – You can't know with certainty both where an electron is and where it's going next. – That makes it impossible to plot an orbit for an electron around a nucleus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  351. 351. • Electrons can get excited and enter a higher energy state. (energy added).
  352. 352. • Electrons can get excited and enter a higher energy state. (energy added). – As they get further from the nucleus, their force gets weaker and they can be removed more easily.
  353. 353. • Electrons can get excited and enter a higher energy state. (energy added). – As they get further from the nucleus, their force gets weaker and they can be removed more easily. (Next Part in the Unit, Atomic Bonding)
  354. 354. • Electrons can drop to a lower energy state (energy removed).
  355. 355. • Two aspects of electron orbitals n = shell Period (horizontal row) on periodic table.
  356. 356. • Two aspects of electron orbitals n = shell Period (horizontal row) on periodic table. Energy levels increase Each period (Quantum)
  357. 357. • Fill up orbitals in the order 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p - until you run out of electrons Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  358. 358. • Fill up orbitals in the order 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p - until you run out of electrons Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  359. 359. • Fill up orbitals in the order 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, 4p - until you run out of electrons Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Pauli Exclusion Principle: No two electrons in an atom can have identical quantum numbers. Different spins
  360. 360. 1s-orbital
  361. 361. 2s-orbital
  362. 362. 3s-orbital
  363. 363. 4s-orbital
  364. 364. 2px-orbital
  365. 365. 2py-orbital
  366. 366. 2pz-orbital
  367. 367. 3px-orbital
  368. 368. 3py
  369. 369. 3pz
  370. 370. 4px
  371. 371. 4Py
  372. 372. 4Pz
  373. 373. 3dz2 (squared)
  374. 374. 3dyz
  375. 375. 3dxz
  376. 376. 3dxy
  377. 377. 3d x2y2
  378. 378. 4dz2
  379. 379. 4dyz
  380. 380. 4dxy
  381. 381. 4dxz
  382. 382. 4d x2y2
  383. 383. 4fz3 (cubed)
  384. 384. 4fxz2
  385. 385. See 2 min video at… https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K-jNgq16jEY
  386. 386. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  387. 387. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹
  388. 388. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p
  389. 389. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p 3S 3p 3d
  390. 390. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p 3S 3p 3d 4S 4p
  391. 391. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p 3S 3p 3d 4S 4p
  392. 392. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p 3S 3p 3d 4S 4p Hint for later, the 4s has less energy so it fills up before the 3d
  393. 393. • Video Link (Optional) Energy Shells and Spectral Lines • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g6FYtS GMVSw
  394. 394. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Please record
  395. 395. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6
  396. 396. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6
  397. 397. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6
  398. 398. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Carbon #6 So it has 6 electrons
  399. 399. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Carbon #6 So it has 6 electrons 1S2
  400. 400. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Carbon #6 So it has 6 electrons 1S2 2S2
  401. 401. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Carbon #6 So it has 6 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P2 Not 2p6 because we don’t have the electrons. We only have 2 because 2+2+2 =6 (carbon)
  402. 402. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Carbon #6 So it has 6 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P2 Not 2p6 because we don’t have the electrons. We only have 2 because 2+2+2 =6 (carbon) = 6
  403. 403. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Carbon #6 So it has 6 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P2 Not 2p6 because we don’t have the electrons. We only have 2 because 2+2+2 =6 (carbon) = 6
  404. 404. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons
  405. 405. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2
  406. 406. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2
  407. 407. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6
  408. 408. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6 3S2
  409. 409. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6 3S2 3P2
  410. 410. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6 3S2 3P2 Again, not 3p6 because Silicon only has 14 electrons.
  411. 411. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6 3S2 3P2
  412. 412. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6 3S2 3P2 =14
  413. 413. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Silicon #14 So it has 14 electrons 1S2 2S2 2P6 3S2 3P2 =14
  414. 414. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Don’t Fill w/ Iodine
  415. 415. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Iodine #53 So it has 53 electrons Don’t Fill w/ Iodine
  416. 416. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Iodine #53 So it has 53 electrons 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p5
  417. 417. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Iodine #53 So it has 53 electrons 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p5
  418. 418. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Iodine #53 So it has 53 electrons 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p5 =53
  419. 419. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 Optional Method. Try Iodine #53 So it has 53 electrons 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p5 =53 Electrons fill low energy orbitals (closer to the nucleus) before they fill higher energy ones. The 4f orbitals don't fill until after the 6s.
  420. 420. 1S1
  421. 421. 1S1
  422. 422. 1S1 1S2
  423. 423. 1S1 1S2
  424. 424. 1S1 1S2 Aufbau principle: Electrons enter the lowest energy first
  425. 425. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1
  426. 426. 1S1 Note: it should be written like this but making superscript is a bit challenging in .ppt 1S²
  427. 427. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 More energy further from nucleus. New period = Increase quantum number
  428. 428. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1
  429. 429. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1
  430. 430. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 Note: It should be written like this but using superscript is a bit challenging in .ppt 1S²,2S¹
  431. 431. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1
  432. 432. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1
  433. 433. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1
  434. 434. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 1S2, 2S1, 2P2
  435. 435. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 1S2, 2S1, 2P2
  436. 436. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 1S2, 2S1, 2P2
  437. 437. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 1S2, 2S1, 2P2
  438. 438. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 1S2, 2S1, 2P2
  439. 439. 1S1 1S2 1S2, 2S1 1S2, 2S1, 2P2
  440. 440. 1S2 Si Can you try?
  441. 441. Si Can you try?
  442. 442. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2
  443. 443. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2
  444. 444. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2
  445. 445. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2
  446. 446. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2
  447. 447. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2
  448. 448. Si Can you try? 1S2, 2S2, 2P6,3S2,3P2 Add the numbers.(14)
  449. 449. Si Can you try?
  450. 450. Si Can you try? 1s22s22p63s2
  451. 451. Si Can you try? 1s22s22p63s2
  452. 452. Si Can you try? 1s22s22p63s2
  453. 453. Si Can you try? 1s22s22p63s2
  454. 454. Si Can you try? 1s22s22p63s2 Mg
  455. 455. Si Fill in the blank? Mg Kr 1s2, 2s2,2p6,3s2,3p6,3d10,4s2,4p6
  456. 456. Si Fill in the blank? Mg Kr 1s2, 2s2,2p6,3s2,3p6,3d10,4s2,4p6
  457. 457. SiMg Kr 1s2, 2s2,2p6,3s2,3p6,3d10,4s2,4p6 The oddity is the position of the 3d orbitals. They are shown at a slightly higher level than the 4s - and so it is the 4s orbital which will fill first, followed by all the 3d orbitals and then the 4p orbitals.
  458. 458. SiMg Kr 1s2, 2s2,2p6,3s2,3p6,3d10,4s2,4p6 The oddity is the position of the 3d orbitals. They are shown at a slightly higher level than the 4s - and so it is the 4s orbital which will fill first, followed by all the 3d orbitals and then the 4p orbitals.
  459. 459. Si Can you try? K No D Orbital w/ Potassium
  460. 460. Si Can you try? K 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s1, 3p6, 4s1
  461. 461. Si Can you try? K 1s2, 2s2, 2p6, 3s1, 3p6, 4s1 Or.. [Ar] 4s1
  462. 462. Can you try? K P
  463. 463. Can you try? K P 1s2, 2s2, 3s2 3p3
  464. 464. Can you try? K P 1s2, 2s2, 3s2 3p3Short hand?
  465. 465. Can you try? K P 1s2, 2s2, 3s2 3p3Short hand? [Ne] 3s2 3p3 Ne
  466. 466. Can you try? K Al
  467. 467. Can you try? K Al [Ne] 3s2 3p1
  468. 468. K Electron Configuration: Learn More: http://education.jlab.org/qa/electron_config.html
  469. 469. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6
  470. 470. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2
  471. 471. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8
  472. 472. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18
  473. 473. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32
  474. 474. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18
  475. 475. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18 1
  476. 476. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18 1
  477. 477. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18 1
  478. 478. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18 1
  479. 479. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18 1 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s1
  480. 480. 1S2 2S2 2p6 3S2 3p6 3d10 4S2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5S2 5p6 5d10 5f14 6S2 6p6 6d10 7S2 7p6 2 8 18 32 18 1 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p6 4d10 4f14 5s2 5p6 5d10 6s1 [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
  481. 481. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  482. 482. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹
  483. 483. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p
  484. 484. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p 3S 3p 3d
  485. 485. Energy increases as you move up the energy levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 1S¹ 2S 2p 3S 3p 3d 4S 4p
  486. 486. • Recommended link. Khan Academy Electron Orbitals. (Advanced) – #1)http://www.khanacademy.org/video/orbital s?playlist=Chemistry (13 minutes) – #2) http://www.khanacademy.org/video/more- on-orbitals-and-electron- configuration?playlist=Chemistry (15 minutes)
  487. 487. • Name the famous scientists below?
  488. 488. • Name the famous scientists below?
  489. 489. • Name the famous scientists below?
  490. 490. • Name the famous scientists below?
  491. 491. • Name the famous scientists below?
  492. 492. • Name the famous scientists below?
  493. 493. • Name the famous scientists below?
  494. 494. • Video Link! Electron Crash Course. – Optional and Advanced. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rcKilE9CdaA&li st=PL8dPuuaLjXtPHzzYuWy6fYEaX9mQQ8oGr
  495. 495. • Try and be the first to name the picture hidden beneath the boxes? – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. – These two box games are work bonus points on the balancing chemical equations sheet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  496. 496. • Try and be the first to name the picture hidden beneath the boxes? – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. – These two box games are work bonus points on the balancing chemical equations sheet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  497. 497. C3OH6
  498. 498. C3OH6
  499. 499. C3OH6
  500. 500. C3OH6
  501. 501. C3OH6
  502. 502. C3OH6
  503. 503. C3OH6
  504. 504. C3OH6
  505. 505. C3OH6
  506. 506. C3OH6
  507. 507. C3OH6
  508. 508. • Try and be the first to name the picture hidden beneath the boxes? – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. – These two box games are work bonus points on the balancing chemical equations sheet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  509. 509. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  510. 510. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  511. 511. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  512. 512. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  513. 513. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  514. 514. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  515. 515. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  516. 516. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  517. 517. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  518. 518. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  519. 519. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  520. 520. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  521. 521. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  522. 522. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  523. 523. • Try and be the first to name the picture hidden beneath the boxes? – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. – These two box games are work bonus points on the balancing chemical equations sheet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  524. 524. 2,
  525. 525. 2, 8,
  526. 526. 2, 8, 1 = 11
  527. 527. 2, 8, 1 = 11
  528. 528. • Try and be the first to name the picture hidden beneath the boxes? – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. – These two box games are work bonus points on the balancing chemical equations sheet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  529. 529. “Again?” “Seriously”
  530. 530. • Optional Basic Organic Chem / Molecules of Life and Health (Mini- Unit Available)
  531. 531. • You should have already completed page 5 and 6.
  532. 532. • You should have already completed page 5 and 6.
  533. 533. • You should be working on page 7 in your bundle.
  534. 534. • You should be working on page 7 in your bundle.
  535. 535. • You can now neatly label in the white spaces around each picture and color as desired to the following…
  536. 536. • Electrons and Orbitals Review Game.
  537. 537. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  538. 538. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.sciencedaily.com/ • http://www.sciencemag.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  539. 539. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com
  540. 540. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Areas of Focus within The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit: Atoms (Atomic Force Microscopes), Rutherford’s Gold Foil Experiment, Cathode Tube, Atoms, Fundamental Particles, The Nucleus, Isotopes, AMU, Size of Atoms and Particles, Quarks, Recipe of the Universe, Atomic Theory, Atomic Symbols, #’;s, Valence Electrons, Octet Rule, SPONCH Atoms, Molecules, Hydrocarbons (Structure), Alcohols (Structure), Proteins (Structure), Atomic Bonds, Ionic Bonds, Covalent Bonds, Metallic Bonds, , Precipitation Reactions, Acids and Bases, Electron Negativity, Polar Bonds, Chemical Change, Exothermic Reactions, Endothermic Reactions, Laws Conservation of Matter, Balancing Chemical Equations, Oxidation and Reduction, Periodic Table of the Elements, Organization of Periodic Table, Transition Metals, Acids and Bases, Non-Metals, Metals, Metalloids, Ionization.
  541. 541. • This PowerPoint roadmap is one small part of my Atoms and Periodic Table Unit. • This unit includes a four part 2000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap. • 13 page bundled homework that chronologically follows slideshow • 14 pages of unit notes with visuals. • 3 PowerPoint review games. • Activity sheets, rubrics, advice page, curriculum guide, materials list, and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com
  542. 542. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  543. 543. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  544. 544. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com
  545. 545. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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