Website Link: http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.

Copyright © 2010 Rya...
-Please make notes legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-Don’t s...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
• Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise
your hand as soon as you see him.
– He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow...
• Remember!
– Humans share, and are deeply connected to the
millions of species that exist on this planet.
Without them, t...
Taxonomy and Classification Unit

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Let’s go around the room and share where
we live.
• Let’s now break it down from large to small
or from broad to specific.
––––––––-



This unit belongs to Ryan
P. Murphy...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• You live, from broad to specific…
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The Cosmos
The Milkyway Galaxy
The Sol System (solar system)
Plan...
• Please classify the organization of your
grade at school. Include how the school
organizes you, and how you organize
you...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• You are classified by…
– U.S Citizens
– State Residents
– County Residents
– Town Residents
– By Age
– By homeroom
• Gen...
• Taxonomy and Classification Available
Sheet.
– Follows slideshow for classwork.
• Taxonomy and Classification Available
Sheet.
– Follows slideshow for classwork.
• Activity! Pile of Sneakers.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Pile of Sneakers.
– Take off one of your sneakers / footwear and
place it in a pile in the middle of the
class...
• Activity! Pile of Sneakers.
– Take off one of your sneakers / footwear and
place it in a pile in the middle of the
class...
• Activity! Pile of Sneakers.
– Take off one of your sneakers / footwear and
place it in a pile in the middle of the
class...
• Other Option. Nuts and Bolts Classification.
– Please arrange the bolts into groups that have
similar characteristics (a...
“Has anyone
seen my
shoes?” “I
left them
somewhere.”


Taxonomy: The science of classification.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Modern taxonomic classification, based on
the natural concepts and system of the
Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus.

Cop...
• Modern taxonomic classification, based on
the natural concepts and system of the
Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus.

Lea...
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• King Phillip of Spain
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• King Phillip of Spain
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• King Phillip of Spain
Carolus Linnaeus
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Carolus Linnaeus
King Phillip of Spain
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Carolus Linnaeus
King Phillip of Spain
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Carolus Linnaeus
King Phillip of Spain
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Carolus Linnaeus
King Phillip of Spain
• Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
• Carolus Linnaeus
King Phillip of Spain


Classification is a very broad term which
simply means putting things into groups.
 Taxonomy

means giving names to th...


Classification is a very broad term which
simply means putting things into groups.
 Taxonomy

means giving names to th...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• How well do you know some common wildlife by
their taxonomic names?
Danaus plexippus
Micropterus salmoides
Bos taurus
Ma...
• Class Poll, Which naming system do you
prefer, common names or scientific names?
Common Names

Science Names

• Should w...
• Note: The next hundred slides are going to
be a bit silly.
• Note: The next hundred slides are going to
be a bit silly.
– Only by exposing the silliness of common
names will you see...
• Note: The next hundred slides are going to
be a bit silly.
– Only by exposing the silliness of common
names will you see...
• Note: The next hundred slides are going to
be a bit silly.
– Only by exposing the silliness of common
names will you see...
• These are the birds that border forests near
grasslands in the central United States.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird do you think is the Red
Breasted Black Bird?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which bird is the Brown Bird?
• Answer! Umm 

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Black bear (Ursus Americanus)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Brown Bear (Ursus arctos)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – I’m not quite sure but I would
guess White Bear.
– Aren’t we using colors to identify?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Having simple descriptive names for a species
doesn’t work.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Having simple descriptive names for a species
doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears,

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Having simple descriptive names for a species
doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears,
and three brown colored bear...
• Having simple descriptive names for a species
doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears,
and three brown colored bear...
• Having simple descriptive names for a species
doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears,
and three brown colored bear...
• Having simple descriptive names for a species
doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears,
and three brown colored bear...
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Koala Marsupial (Phascolarctos
cinereus)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Koala Marsupial (Phascolarctos
cinereus) It’s not a bear.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
• Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
• Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
• Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
• Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
• Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?

Science Name

Pholcus
phalangioides
• How can you use simple descriptive features
to name single celled organisms like this
ciliate?
– There are millions of d...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Catfish (Ictiobus bubalus) is not a
mammal like a cat.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The Catfish (Ictiobus bubalus) is not a
mammal like a cat.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Am I also a cat since I have whiskers?
• Am I also a cat since I have whiskers?
Mammalian
Order
Pinnipedia, in
the family

Odobenidae.
• Star fish (Asterias Forbesii)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Star fish (Asterias Forbesii)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Star fish (Asterias Forbesii)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis)
• What am I?
• What am I?
• What am I? Clownfish
• What are these?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What are these?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What will happen when I type cat tails on
the internet? Which will I get?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Water flea
• Water flea

Cat Flea
• Water flea

Cat Flea
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Mountain Lion

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Puma

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Catamount.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Cougar

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Panther

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – Silberlöwe (German)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal is this?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer – пума (Russian)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What animal are all of these?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Are you ready for the very confusing
science name?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
One name, for
the whole
planet.

Puma concolor
One name, for
the whole
planet.
One name, for
the whole
planet.
• Science classification uses characteristics
to name species.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Science classification uses characteristics
to name species.
• Puma concolor

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Science classification uses characteristics
to name species.
• Puma concolor

Felis Catus domesticus

Copyright © 2010 R...
• Science classification uses characteristics
to name species.
• Puma concolor

Felis Catus domesticus

Copyright © 2010 R...
• The science name becomes the universal
name for the whole world to study and
understand.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murph...
• There are about 1.3 million known species
of living organisms

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• There are about 1.3 million known species
of living organisms

Neat news article about the number of species on planet e...
• Estimates range the number of species on
this planet between 10-100 million.
– Imagine 100 million common names based
on...
• Taxonomy and Classification Available
Sheet.
– Follows slideshow for classwork.
• Which naming system makes more sense?
Common Names

Science Names

• Should we use the science system or the
common syst...


A species…

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Is a group of organisms with similar characteristics.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Must produces fertile offspring.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• A mule is the offspring of a male donkey
and a female horse. A mule is almost
always sterile.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• A mule is the offspring of a male donkey
and a female horse. A mule is almost
always sterile.
– Donkey Equus assinus has...
• A mule is the offspring of a male donkey
and a female horse. A mule is almost
always sterile.
– Donkey Equus assinus has...
• A mule is the offspring of a male donkey
and a female horse. A mule is almost
always sterile.
– Donkey Equus assinus has...
• A mule is the offspring of a male donkey
and a female horse. A mule is almost
always sterile.
– Donkey Equus assinus has...
• A mule is not a species but a hybrid between
a horse and a donkey.
– The correct scientific classification is
hybrid (Eq...
• Can these two mate?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Horse zebra hybrid (sterile), called a Zebroid.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is a Tigon?
“Pretend I’m a
female lion.”
• Tigon: Offspring of a male tiger Panthera
tigris and a female lion Panthera leo.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What is a Liger?
“Pretend I’m a
female Tiger.”
• Liger: Offspring of a male lion Panthera
leo and a female tiger Panthera tigris.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear as a p...
• Which name is real and which is made up for
this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid?
– Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear as a p...
Domestic Cow Bos
taurus, and the American
bison, Bison bison
Domestic Cow Bos taurus,
and the American bison,

Bison bison
Cross of the yak (Bos grunniens) and the
American bison (Bison bison)
Cross of the yak (Bos grunniens) and the
American bison (Bison bison)


Has similar DNA.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can a bird and a dog mate?
• Why two very different species generally can’t
mate.
– Chromosomal differences
• If closely related then can happen (hyb...
• Why two very different species generally can’t
mate.
– Chromosomal differences
• If closely related then can happen (hyb...
• It doesn’t work like this
• It doesn’t work like this (Hippocrab)
• Or this… (Crocodillafrog)
• Or Croc-A-fly
• Or this Zebrant
• Or Rhinochicken
• Or Doggyhorse
• Or this Dorse
• Or Pugrilla
• Or Gerbilon
• Or the Squirolf
• Or the turteraffe
• Or Dogman
• Or Sharkbird
• Or thankfully this…
• Or thankfully this… Shark-A-kitty


Phylogeny -The history of a species as they
change through time. Who came from
whom?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Phylogenetic tree: A tree like chart showing
the evolutionary relationships among
various biological species.

Copyright...
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• A clade is a group of organisms that includes
an ancestor and all descendants of that
ancestor.
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clades are correct?
• Which colored clade is incorrect?
• Which colored clade is incorrect?
• Who is more closely related to the
Coyote?
– The Gray Wolf or the Red Fox?
• Who is more closely related to the
Coyote?
– The Gray Wolf or the Red Fox?
• Who is more closely related to the Crab
Eating Fox?
– The Gray Fox or the Maned Wolf ?
• Who is more closely related to the Crab
Eating Fox?
– The Gray Fox or the Maned Wolf ?
• Who is more closely related to the Cape
Hunting Dog?
– The Domestic Dog or the Bush Dog?
• Who is more closely related to the Cape
Hunting Dog?
– The Domestic Dog or the Bush Dog?
• Which species is the oldest?
• Which species is the oldest?
• Which species is the youngest?
• Which species is the youngest?
• Which species evolved from
SCYPHOZOA?
• Which species evolved from
SCYPHOZOA?
• Which two species are considered
TRIPLOBLAST?
• Which two species are considered
TRIPLOBLAST?
• Which two species are considered
TRIPLOBLAST?
Learn more about phylogeny at…
http://tolweb.org/tree/learn/concepts/whatisphylogeny.html


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...


Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to
determine the identity of items in the natural
world.

Copyright © 2010...
• Taxonomy and Classification Available
Sheet.
– Follows slideshow for classwork.
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs?___________
– I have feathers but don’t ...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...
• Please use the key to answer the
questions below.
– I have no feathers but legs? Lizard
– I have feathers but don’t swim...


Based on characteristics and uses process of
comparison and elimination.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which shark fin fits the following
description?
– Tail not separated into a top and bottom fin.
End of tail is blunt ins...
• Which shark fin fits the following
description?
– Tail not separated into a top and bottom fin.
End of tail is blunt ins...
• Which shark fin fits the following
description?
– Tail not separated into a top and bottom fin.
End of tail is blunt ins...
• Which two shark fins fit the following
description?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which two shark fins fit the following
description?
– Upper part of tail extends far beyond the
bottom. Tip of top tail ...
• Which two shark fins fit the following
description?
– Upper part of tail extends far beyond the
bottom. Tip of top tail ...
• Which shark fin fits the following
description?
– Trunk before tail fin has small fin.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which shark fin fits the following
description?
– Trunk before tail fin has small fin.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Use constant characteristics rather than ones that
disappear or vary with the season or other
environmental factor.

Cop...
• Use constant characteristics rather than ones that
disappear or vary with the season or other
environmental factor.

Cop...
• Use characteristics which can be directly
observed.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Use characteristics which can be directly
observed.

Black and White
color with orange
around neck…

Copyright © 2010 Ry...
• Use characteristics which can be directly
observed.

And they love
each other…

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Use characteristics which can be directly
observed.

And they love
each other…

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Use characteristics which can be directly
observed.

And they love
each other…

“They form
mating pairs is
a better
desc...
• What is a big insect to you?
• What is a big insect to you?
• What is a big insect to you?
• Use quantitative (numbered) measurements
with an amount or dimension rather than
vague terms like…

Copyright © 2010 Rya...
• Use quantitative (numbered) measurements
with an amount or dimension rather than
vague terms like… "big" and "small."

C...
• Use quantitative (numbered) measurements
with an amount or dimension rather than
vague terms like… "big" and "small."

C...
• Use quantitative (numbered) measurements
with an amount or dimension rather than
vague terms like… "big" and "small."

C...
• Use quantitative (numbered) measurements
with an amount or dimension rather than
vague terms like… "big" and "small."

C...
• Use quantitative (numbered) measurements
with an amount or dimension rather than
vague terms like… "big" and "small."
“O...
• Rules to Follow When Using a
Dichotomous Key
– Always read both choices, even if the first
seems to be the logical.
– Un...
• Rules to Follow When Using a
Dichotomous Key
– Always read both choices, even if the first
seems to be the logical.
– Un...
• Rules to Follow When Using a
Dichotomous Key
– Always read both choices, even if the first
seems to be the logical.
– Un...
• Rules to Follow When Using a
Dichotomous Key
– Always read both choices, even if the first
seems to be the logical.
– Un...
• Rules to Follow When Using a
Dichotomous Key
– Always read both choices, even if the first
seems to be the logical.
– Un...
• Activity! Guess Who / 7 Questions?

– Create a series of questions to find the
three secret members of the class that I
...
• Activity! Wacky People Available Sheet
– Use a dichotomous key to find the names for
various humanoids.
– Assignment is ...
• Activity! Wacky People Available Sheet
– Use a dichotomous key to find the names for
various humanoids.
– Assignment is ...
Start here every time

Y / N and then
go where
directed until
you find the
species name.
Patterned
Mulywumpus

Lugio Wirum
Eggur Ondy

Tri D. Duckt Elle E. Funk

Tunia petalos

Grif
Leon

Rita Nita

C. Nile

Cue...
• Activity – EEK Dichotomous Key
– http://www.dnr.state.wi.us/org/caer/ce/eek/veg/
treekey/treestart.htm

Collect a leaf a...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Leaf for EEK Dichotomous key.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity Worksheet! Salamander (Order
Caudata) Dichotomous Key.
– Use a dichotomous key to identify salamanders

Copyrig...
Slimy Salamander

Jefferson Salamander

Spotted

Newt

Two Lined

Mud puppy

Tiger
Four toed

Red-backed
Siren

Marbled
• You should be close to page 4/5 in your
bundle.


Classification uses…

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Homology: Similarities between organisms

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Embryonic homology

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the following is a blastula (early embryo) of
a sea urchin, starfish, frog, and human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a
human, chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a
human, chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the embryos below is a human,
chicken, fish, and cat?

Human

Learn more about homology at…
http://evolution.b...


DNA: Similar genes aid in classification

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• DNA provides insight into how similar and
how different organisms are.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• DNA provides insight into how similar and
how different organisms are. This allows
taxonomist to classify organisms more...
• DNA provides insight into how similar and
how different organisms are. This allows
taxonomist to classify organisms more...
• Humans and Chimpanzee share 94% of
the same genes.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Humans and Chimpanzee share 94% of
the same genes.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Humans and Chimpanzee share 94% of
the same genes.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Humans and Chimpanzee share 94% of
the same genes.
– We can get a blood transfusion from a chimp.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
• Red Pandas
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
– Red Pandas more closely relat...
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
– Red Pandas more closely relat...
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
– Red Pandas more closely relat...
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
– Red Pandas more closely relat...
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
– Red Pandas more closely relat...
• Red Pandas and Giant Pandas both eat
bamboo.
– Giant Pandas are more closely related to…
– Red Pandas more closely relat...


The 3 Domains of Life. All life is either…
 Archaeabacteria
 Eubacteria
 Eukarya

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The 3 Domains of Life. All life is either…
 Archaea
 Eubacteria
 Eukarya

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The 3 Domains of Life. All life is either…
 Archaea
 Bacteria
 Eukarya

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The 3 Domains of Life. All life is either…
 Archaea
 Bacteria
 Eukarya

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The 3 Domains of Life. All life is either…
 Archaea
 Bacteria
 Eukarya

Learn more about the Domains of Life at…
htt...
“Excuse Me”
“Does anyone
know where
I can find
some good
food.”


The Kingdoms of life.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

Note: The use of
Archaeabacteria is
a bit dated. Now
called...


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

Note: The use of
Archaeabacteria is
a bit dated. Now
called...


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

Note: The use of
Archaeabacteria is
a bit dated. Now
called...


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.

ea

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.
Blue Green Algae
now called
Cyanobacteria

ea

Copyright © 2...


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.
Blue Green Algae
now called
Cyanobacteria

ea

Copyright © 2...


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.
Blue Green Algae
now called
Cyanobacteria

ea

Copyright © 2...


The Kingdoms of life.
 All

life belongs to one of these.
Blue Green Algae
now called
Cyanobacteria

ea

Learn more ab...
“I’m dressed as
King Phillip.”
“Am I late for
the spaghetti
dinner?”
• Taxonomy and Classification Available
Sheet.
– Follows slideshow for classwork.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bacteria
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Bacteria
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria
Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Archaea

Universal Ancestor
Copyright © 201...
Eukaryotic
(Cells with
Nucleus)
Prokaryotic
(Cells with
no Nucleus)

Bacteria

Eukarya share
more in
common with
Archaea t...
• Until recently (1984), scientists believed all
life got its energy from the sun.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Until recently (1984), scientists believed all
life got its energy from the sun.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Until recently (1984), scientists believed all
life got its energy from the sun. A whole
new system existed on the ocean...
• Until recently (1984), scientists believed all
life got its energy from the sun. A whole
new system existed on the ocean...
• Until recently (1984), scientists believed all
life got its energy from the sun. A whole
new system existed on the ocean...
• Until recently (1984), scientists believed all
life got its energy from the sun. A whole
new system existed on the ocean...
• Some bacteria can create energy without
light at the bottom of the ocean under
enormous pressures,

Copyright © 2010 Rya...
• Some bacteria can create energy without
light at the bottom of the ocean under
enormous pressures, hot and cold
temperat...
• Archaebacteria can create energy without
light at the bottom of the ocean under
enormous pressures, hot and cold
tempera...
• Video Link! Hydrothermal Vents. (5 min)
– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D69hGvCsW
gAwithout light.

Copyright © 2010 R...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about Archaea at…
http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/archaea/archaea.html

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Bacteria can also be found in extreme
places.

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Bacteria can also be found in extreme
places. (Extremophiles)

Their cell membrane is
a bit different which
allow them t...
• Bacteria can also be found in extreme
places. (Extremophiles)
– Many scientists think this type of life may be
found in ...
• Video Link! Archaea
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W25nI9kpxtU

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“By the way, I
really enjoy
eating
Spaghetti.”


Domains and Kingdoms


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain
Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleus)

Prokaryotic
(No
...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleus)

Proka...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleu...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleu...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleu...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleu...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleus)

Proka...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Cell Type

Prokaryotic
(No
nucleus)

Proka...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Eubacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Ce...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animali...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animali...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animali...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...


Domains and Kingdoms

Domain

Bacteria

Archaea

Kingdom

Bacteria

Archaea

Protista

Plantae

Fungi

Animalia

Cell T...
• Video Link! Hank Explains Bacteria, Archaea,
and Protists
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vAR47-g6tlA

Copyright © 2010...
“Can I come
over for good
spaghetti”
• Taxonomy and Classification Available
Sheet.
– Follows slideshow for classwork.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Does anyone know King Phillip?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Does anyone know King Phillip?
– Will someone invite him over for dinner?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Does anyone know King Phillip?
– Will someone invite him over for dinner?
– He likes spaghetti?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Does anyone know King Phillip?
– Will someone invite him over for dinner?
– He likes spaghetti?
– Make sure the spaghett...


The 8 Taxonomic ranks. All living things
have 8 names.
 1)
 2)
 3)
 4)
 5)
 6)
 7)
 8)

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...


Domain - Did

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Kingdom - King

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Phylum - Phillip

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Class - Come

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Order - Over

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Family - For

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Genus - Good

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy


Species – Spaghetti

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What does “Did King Phillip Come Over
For Good Spaghetti” stand for?

Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer!
– 1) Domain – 2) Kingdom – 3) Phylum – 4) Class –
– 5) Order – 6) Family – 7) Genus – 8) Species –

Did
King
Phi...
• Answer!
– 1) Domain – 2) Kingdom – 3) Phylum – 4) Class –
– 5) Order – 6) Family – 7) Genus – 8) Species –

Did
King
Phi...
• Answer!
– 1) Domain – 2) Kingdom – 3) Phylum – 4) Class –
– 5) Order – 6) Family – 7) Genus – 8) Species –

Did
King
Phi...
• Answer!
– 1) Domain – 2) Kingdom – 3) Phylum – 4) Class –
– 5) Order – 6) Family – 7) Genus – 8) Species –

Did
King
Phi...
• Answer!
– 1) Domain – 2) Kingdom – 3) Phylum – 4) Class –
– 5) Order – 6) Family – 7) Genus – 8) Species –

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• Answer!
– 1) Domain – 2) Kingdom – 3) Phylum – 4) Class –
– 5) Order – 6) Family – 7) Genus – 8) Species –

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Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint
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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Taxonomy and Classification unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. A 3800+ slide Five Part PowerPoint presentation becomes the roadmap for an amazing and interactive science experience full of built-in lab activities, built-in quizzes, video links, class notes(red slides),review games, projects, unit notes, answer keys, and much more. Also included is a student version of the unit that is much like the teachers but missing the answer keys, quizzes, PowerPoint review games, hidden box challenges, owl, and surprises meant for the classroom. This is a great resource to distribute to your students and support professionals. The Classification and Taxonomy Unit covers topics associated with Taxonomy and Classification. The unit examines all of the Kingdoms of Life in detail. Areas of Focus within The Taxonomy and Classification Unit: -Taxonomy, Classification, Need for Taxonomy vs. Common Names, What is a Species?, Dichotomous Keys, What does Classification Use?, The Domains of Life, Kingdoms of Life,The 8 Taxonomic Ranks, Humans Taxonomic Classification, Kingdom Monera, Prokaryotic Cells, Types of Eubacteria, Bacteria Classification, Gram Staining,Bacterial Food Borne Illnesses, Penicillin and Antiseptic, Oral Hygiene and Plaque, Bacterial Reproduction (Binary Fission), Asexual Reproduction, Positives and Negatives of Bacteria, Protista, Plant-like Protists, Animal-like Protists, Fungi-like Protists, Animalia, Characteristics of Animalia, Animal Symmetry, Phylums of Animalia (Extensive), Classes of Chordata, Mammals, Subclasses of Mammals, Characteristics of Mammals, Fungi, Positives and Negatives of Fungi, Divisions of Fungi (Extensive), Parts of a Mushroom, 3 Roles of Fungi, Fungi Reproduction, Mold Prevention, Plant Divisions, Kingdom Plantae. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Kingdoms of Life, Whittakers System of Organization, Biology Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. Website Link: http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Please make notes legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. – He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6. • Remember! – Humans share, and are deeply connected to the millions of species that exist on this planet. Without them, the systems that support life on this planet would fail. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. Taxonomy and Classification Unit Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Let’s go around the room and share where we live.
  9. 9. • Let’s now break it down from large to small or from broad to specific. ––––––––-  This unit belongs to Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States New Hampshire Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Merrimack County Andover Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Our County Our Town Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Our County Our Town Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Our County Our Town Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Our County Our Town Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Our County Our Town Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • You live, from broad to specific… – – – – – – – – – – The Cosmos The Milkyway Galaxy The Sol System (solar system) Planet Earth North American Continent United States Our State Our County Our Town Address • Number on road • Apartment at this number. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • Please classify the organization of your grade at school. Include how the school organizes you, and how you organize yourselves. (work in table groups) (Must be respectful of others!) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • You are classified by… – U.S Citizens – State Residents – County Residents – Town Residents – By Age – By homeroom • Gender – By peer groups • Umm Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Taxonomy and Classification Available Sheet. – Follows slideshow for classwork.
  34. 34. • Taxonomy and Classification Available Sheet. – Follows slideshow for classwork.
  35. 35. • Activity! Pile of Sneakers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Activity! Pile of Sneakers. – Take off one of your sneakers / footwear and place it in a pile in the middle of the classroom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Activity! Pile of Sneakers. – Take off one of your sneakers / footwear and place it in a pile in the middle of the classroom. – Classify the types of footwear into different groups based on their similarities and differences. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Activity! Pile of Sneakers. – Take off one of your sneakers / footwear and place it in a pile in the middle of the classroom. – Classify the types of footwear into different groups based on their similarities and differences. – Describe the physical features of each group, why are they placed where they are? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Other Option. Nuts and Bolts Classification. – Please arrange the bolts into groups that have similar characteristics (a few groups). – Describe the physical features of each group, why are they placed where they are? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. “Has anyone seen my shoes?” “I left them somewhere.”
  41. 41.  Taxonomy: The science of classification. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Modern taxonomic classification, based on the natural concepts and system of the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Modern taxonomic classification, based on the natural concepts and system of the Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus. Learn more about Carolus Linnaeus at.. http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/history/linnaeus.html Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
  45. 45. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus?
  46. 46. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • King Phillip of Spain
  47. 47. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • King Phillip of Spain
  48. 48. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • King Phillip of Spain Carolus Linnaeus
  49. 49. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • Carolus Linnaeus King Phillip of Spain
  50. 50. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • Carolus Linnaeus King Phillip of Spain
  51. 51. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • Carolus Linnaeus King Phillip of Spain
  52. 52. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • Carolus Linnaeus King Phillip of Spain
  53. 53. • Which portrait is of Carolus Linnaeus? • Carolus Linnaeus King Phillip of Spain
  54. 54.  Classification is a very broad term which simply means putting things into groups.  Taxonomy means giving names to things. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55.  Classification is a very broad term which simply means putting things into groups.  Taxonomy means giving names to things. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • How well do you know some common wildlife by their taxonomic names? Danaus plexippus Micropterus salmoides Bos taurus Marmota monax Notophthalmus viridescens Meleagris gallopavo Cyanocitta cristata Rana Catesbiana Odocoileus virginianus Groundhog White Tailed Deer Largemouth Bass Domestic cow Blue Jay Turkey Newt Bull Frog Monarch Butterfly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Class Poll, Which naming system do you prefer, common names or scientific names? Common Names Science Names • Should we use the science system or the common system? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • Note: The next hundred slides are going to be a bit silly.
  78. 78. • Note: The next hundred slides are going to be a bit silly. – Only by exposing the silliness of common names will you see the importance of a naming and classification system.
  79. 79. • Note: The next hundred slides are going to be a bit silly. – Only by exposing the silliness of common names will you see the importance of a naming and classification system.
  80. 80. • Note: The next hundred slides are going to be a bit silly. – Only by exposing the silliness of common names will you see the importance of a naming and classification system.
  81. 81. • These are the birds that border forests near grasslands in the central United States. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Which bird do you think is the Red Breasted Black Bird? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  83. 83. • Answer! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Which bird is the Brown Bird?
  85. 85. • Answer! Umm  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Answer – Black bear (Ursus Americanus) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Answer – Brown Bear (Ursus arctos) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Answer – I’m not quite sure but I would guess White Bear. – Aren’t we using colors to identify? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Having simple descriptive names for a species doesn’t work. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Having simple descriptive names for a species doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Having simple descriptive names for a species doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears, and three brown colored bears. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Having simple descriptive names for a species doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears, and three brown colored bears. One white bear, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Having simple descriptive names for a species doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears, and three brown colored bears. One white bear, and one black and white bear, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • Having simple descriptive names for a species doesn’t work. I see five black colored bears, and three brown colored bears. One white bear, and one black and white bear, and a few kinda of brown and black with some white. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Answer – Koala Marsupial (Phascolarctos cinereus) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Answer – Koala Marsupial (Phascolarctos cinereus) It’s not a bear. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
  102. 102. • Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
  103. 103. • Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
  104. 104. • Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
  105. 105. • Which one is the Daddy Long Legs?
  106. 106. • Which one is the Daddy Long Legs? Science Name Pholcus phalangioides
  107. 107. • How can you use simple descriptive features to name single celled organisms like this ciliate? – There are millions of different singled celled species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. • The Catfish (Ictiobus bubalus) is not a mammal like a cat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  111. 111. • The Catfish (Ictiobus bubalus) is not a mammal like a cat. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112. • Am I also a cat since I have whiskers?
  113. 113. • Am I also a cat since I have whiskers? Mammalian Order Pinnipedia, in the family Odobenidae.
  114. 114. • Star fish (Asterias Forbesii) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. • Star fish (Asterias Forbesii) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • Star fish (Asterias Forbesii) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. • Seahorse (Hippocampus abdominalis)
  118. 118. • What am I?
  119. 119. • What am I?
  120. 120. • What am I? Clownfish
  121. 121. • What are these? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • What are these? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • What will happen when I type cat tails on the internet? Which will I get? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Water flea
  125. 125. • Water flea Cat Flea
  126. 126. • Water flea Cat Flea
  127. 127. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128. • Answer – Mountain Lion Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Answer – Puma Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Answer – Catamount. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. • Answer – Cougar Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136. • Answer – Panther Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138. • Answer – Silberlöwe (German) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  139. 139. • What animal is this? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140. • Answer – пума (Russian) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • What animal are all of these? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. • Are you ready for the very confusing science name? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. One name, for the whole planet. Puma concolor
  144. 144. One name, for the whole planet.
  145. 145. One name, for the whole planet.
  146. 146. • Science classification uses characteristics to name species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Science classification uses characteristics to name species. • Puma concolor Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. • Science classification uses characteristics to name species. • Puma concolor Felis Catus domesticus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. • Science classification uses characteristics to name species. • Puma concolor Felis Catus domesticus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • The science name becomes the universal name for the whole world to study and understand. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. • There are about 1.3 million known species of living organisms Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • There are about 1.3 million known species of living organisms Neat news article about the number of species on planet earth at… http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/30/science/30species.html?_r=0 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • Estimates range the number of species on this planet between 10-100 million. – Imagine 100 million common names based on…? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Taxonomy and Classification Available Sheet. – Follows slideshow for classwork.
  155. 155. • Which naming system makes more sense? Common Names Science Names • Should we use the science system or the common system? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156.  A species… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157.  Is a group of organisms with similar characteristics. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158.  Must produces fertile offspring. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. A mule is almost always sterile. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. • A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. A mule is almost always sterile. – Donkey Equus assinus has 62 chromosomes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. • A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. A mule is almost always sterile. – Donkey Equus assinus has 62 chromosomes. – Horse Equus caballus 64 chromosomes Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. • A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. A mule is almost always sterile. – Donkey Equus assinus has 62 chromosomes. – Horse Equus caballus 64 chromosomes • Doesn’t make an embryo well. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. • A mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. A mule is almost always sterile. – Donkey Equus assinus has 62 chromosomes. – Horse Equus caballus 64 chromosomes • Doesn’t make an embryo well. Note: Some hybrids such as the Coywolf (Coyote X Wolf) can reproduce. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • A mule is not a species but a hybrid between a horse and a donkey. – The correct scientific classification is hybrid (Equus caballus x Equus assinus). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • Can these two mate? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • Horse zebra hybrid (sterile), called a Zebroid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. • What is a Tigon?
  168. 168. “Pretend I’m a female lion.”
  169. 169. • Tigon: Offspring of a male tiger Panthera tigris and a female lion Panthera leo. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. • What is a Liger?
  171. 171. “Pretend I’m a female Tiger.”
  172. 172. • Liger: Offspring of a male lion Panthera leo and a female tiger Panthera tigris. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
  174. 174. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
  175. 175. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
  176. 176. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
  177. 177. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear
  178. 178. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear as a pizzly bear or grizlar, Also known
  179. 179. • Which name is real and which is made up for this Polar Bear x Grizzly Bear Hybrid? – Grolar Bear of Polgrizz Bear as a pizzly bear or grizlar, Also known Ursus × inopinatus
  180. 180. Domestic Cow Bos taurus, and the American bison, Bison bison
  181. 181. Domestic Cow Bos taurus, and the American bison, Bison bison
  182. 182. Cross of the yak (Bos grunniens) and the American bison (Bison bison)
  183. 183. Cross of the yak (Bos grunniens) and the American bison (Bison bison)
  184. 184.  Has similar DNA. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Can a bird and a dog mate?
  186. 186. • Why two very different species generally can’t mate. – Chromosomal differences • If closely related then can happen (hybrids) – Most of the time the differences are large. – Behavioral differences • Mating behaviors, times, seasons, locations are different. • Structure differences between the two species. – Internal chemistry differences • Hormones, ovulation, sperm and egg enzyme differences.
  187. 187. • Why two very different species generally can’t mate. – Chromosomal differences • If closely related then can happen (hybrids) – Most of the time the differences are large. – Behavioral differences • Mating behaviors, times, seasons, locations are different. • Structure differences between the two species. – Internal chemistry differences • Hormones, ovulation, sperm and egg enzyme differences.
  188. 188. • It doesn’t work like this
  189. 189. • It doesn’t work like this (Hippocrab)
  190. 190. • Or this… (Crocodillafrog)
  191. 191. • Or Croc-A-fly
  192. 192. • Or this Zebrant
  193. 193. • Or Rhinochicken
  194. 194. • Or Doggyhorse
  195. 195. • Or this Dorse
  196. 196. • Or Pugrilla
  197. 197. • Or Gerbilon
  198. 198. • Or the Squirolf
  199. 199. • Or the turteraffe
  200. 200. • Or Dogman
  201. 201. • Or Sharkbird
  202. 202. • Or thankfully this…
  203. 203. • Or thankfully this… Shark-A-kitty
  204. 204.  Phylogeny -The history of a species as they change through time. Who came from whom? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • Phylogenetic tree: A tree like chart showing the evolutionary relationships among various biological species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  207. 207. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  208. 208. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  209. 209. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  210. 210. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  211. 211. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  212. 212. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  213. 213. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  214. 214. • A clade is a group of organisms that includes an ancestor and all descendants of that ancestor.
  215. 215. • Which colored clades are correct?
  216. 216. • Which colored clades are correct?
  217. 217. • Which colored clades are correct?
  218. 218. • Which colored clades are correct?
  219. 219. • Which colored clades are correct?
  220. 220. • Which colored clades are correct?
  221. 221. • Which colored clades are correct?
  222. 222. • Which colored clades are correct?
  223. 223. • Which colored clades are correct?
  224. 224. • Which colored clade is incorrect?
  225. 225. • Which colored clade is incorrect?
  226. 226. • Who is more closely related to the Coyote? – The Gray Wolf or the Red Fox?
  227. 227. • Who is more closely related to the Coyote? – The Gray Wolf or the Red Fox?
  228. 228. • Who is more closely related to the Crab Eating Fox? – The Gray Fox or the Maned Wolf ?
  229. 229. • Who is more closely related to the Crab Eating Fox? – The Gray Fox or the Maned Wolf ?
  230. 230. • Who is more closely related to the Cape Hunting Dog? – The Domestic Dog or the Bush Dog?
  231. 231. • Who is more closely related to the Cape Hunting Dog? – The Domestic Dog or the Bush Dog?
  232. 232. • Which species is the oldest?
  233. 233. • Which species is the oldest?
  234. 234. • Which species is the youngest?
  235. 235. • Which species is the youngest?
  236. 236. • Which species evolved from SCYPHOZOA?
  237. 237. • Which species evolved from SCYPHOZOA?
  238. 238. • Which two species are considered TRIPLOBLAST?
  239. 239. • Which two species are considered TRIPLOBLAST?
  240. 240. • Which two species are considered TRIPLOBLAST?
  241. 241. Learn more about phylogeny at… http://tolweb.org/tree/learn/concepts/whatisphylogeny.html
  242. 242.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  249. 249.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  250. 250.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  251. 251.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252.  Dichotomous key: A tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. • Taxonomy and Classification Available Sheet. – Follows slideshow for classwork.
  254. 254. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs?___________ – I have feathers but don’t swim?________ – I have no feathers or legs?______ – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim?________ – I have no feathers or legs?______ – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  256. 256. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim?________ – I have no feathers or legs?______ – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  257. 257. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim? Hen – I have no feathers or legs?______ – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  258. 258. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim? Hen – I have no feathers or legs?______ – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  259. 259. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim? Hen – I have no feathers or legs? Snake – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  260. 260. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim? Hen – I have no feathers or legs? Snake – I have feathers and swim?____________ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  261. 261. • Please use the key to answer the questions below. – I have no feathers but legs? Lizard – I have feathers but don’t swim? Hen – I have no feathers or legs? Snake – I have feathers and swim? Duck Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  262. 262.  Based on characteristics and uses process of comparison and elimination. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263. • Which shark fin fits the following description? – Tail not separated into a top and bottom fin. End of tail is blunt instead of pointy? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264. • Which shark fin fits the following description? – Tail not separated into a top and bottom fin. End of tail is blunt instead of pointy? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  265. 265. • Which shark fin fits the following description? – Tail not separated into a top and bottom fin. End of tail is blunt instead of pointy? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  266. 266. • Which two shark fins fit the following description? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  267. 267. • Which two shark fins fit the following description? – Upper part of tail extends far beyond the bottom. Tip of top tail fin curved. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  268. 268. • Which two shark fins fit the following description? – Upper part of tail extends far beyond the bottom. Tip of top tail fin curved. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  269. 269. • Which shark fin fits the following description? – Trunk before tail fin has small fin. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  270. 270. • Which shark fin fits the following description? – Trunk before tail fin has small fin. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  271. 271. • Use constant characteristics rather than ones that disappear or vary with the season or other environmental factor. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  272. 272. • Use constant characteristics rather than ones that disappear or vary with the season or other environmental factor. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  273. 273. • Use characteristics which can be directly observed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  274. 274. • Use characteristics which can be directly observed. Black and White color with orange around neck… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  275. 275. • Use characteristics which can be directly observed. And they love each other… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  276. 276. • Use characteristics which can be directly observed. And they love each other… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  277. 277. • Use characteristics which can be directly observed. And they love each other… “They form mating pairs is a better description.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  278. 278. • What is a big insect to you?
  279. 279. • What is a big insect to you?
  280. 280. • What is a big insect to you?
  281. 281. • Use quantitative (numbered) measurements with an amount or dimension rather than vague terms like… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  282. 282. • Use quantitative (numbered) measurements with an amount or dimension rather than vague terms like… "big" and "small." Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  283. 283. • Use quantitative (numbered) measurements with an amount or dimension rather than vague terms like… "big" and "small." Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. • Use quantitative (numbered) measurements with an amount or dimension rather than vague terms like… "big" and "small." Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. • Use quantitative (numbered) measurements with an amount or dimension rather than vague terms like… "big" and "small." Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. • Use quantitative (numbered) measurements with an amount or dimension rather than vague terms like… "big" and "small." “OH?” “That’s not very Big.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  287. 287. • Rules to Follow When Using a Dichotomous Key – Always read both choices, even if the first seems to be the logical. – Understand the meaning of the terms involved in the key. – When measurements are given, use a scale to measure the specimen. Do not guess at a measurement. – Living things are always variable, so do not base your organism identification in the field on a single observation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  288. 288. • Rules to Follow When Using a Dichotomous Key – Always read both choices, even if the first seems to be the logical. – Understand the meaning of the terms involved in the key. – When measurements are given, use a scale to measure the specimen. Do not guess at a measurement. – Living things are always variable, so do not base your organism identification in the field on a single observation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  289. 289. • Rules to Follow When Using a Dichotomous Key – Always read both choices, even if the first seems to be the logical. – Understand the meaning of the terms involved in the key. – When measurements are given, use a scale to measure the specimen. Do not guess at a measurement. – Living things are always variable, so do not base your organism identification in the field on a single observation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  290. 290. • Rules to Follow When Using a Dichotomous Key – Always read both choices, even if the first seems to be the logical. – Understand the meaning of the terms involved in the key. – When measurements are given, use a scale to measure the specimen. Do not guess at a measurement. – Living things are always variable, so do not base your organism identification in the field on a single observation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  291. 291. • Rules to Follow When Using a Dichotomous Key – Always read both choices, even if the first seems to be the logical. – Understand the meaning of the terms involved in the key. – When measurements are given, use a scale to measure the specimen. Do not guess at a measurement. – Living things are always variable, so do not base your organism identification in the field on a single observation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  292. 292. • Activity! Guess Who / 7 Questions? – Create a series of questions to find the three secret members of the class that I have written on note cards. – Use yes / no questions based on characteristics. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy