• Which of the two pictures below do you
think Fungi are more closely related to?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
 New Area of Focus: Kingdom Fungi.
 Kingdom Fungi: Multi-cellular (many celled)
 Kingdom Fungi: Multi-cellular (many celled)
organisms that ingests food by absorption
 Kingdom Fungi: Multi-cellular (many celled)
organisms that ingests food by absorption and
reproduce using spores.
• Domains and Kingdoms
Domain Eubacteria Archae-
bacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria Archae-
bacteria
Protista Plantae Fungi Anima...
• Domains and Kingdoms
Domain Eubacteria Archae-
bacteria
Kingdom Eubacteria Archae-
bacteria
Protista Plantae Fungi Anima...
• Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They
absorb their food on the outside instead of on the
inside like animals.
• Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They
absorb their food on the outside instead of on the
inside like animals.
• Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They
absorb their food on the outside instead of on the
inside like animals...
• Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They
absorb their food on the outside instead of on the
inside like animals...
• Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They
absorb their food on the outside instead of on the
inside like animals...
 Fungi also have cell walls consisting largely of
chitin instead of cellulose.
 Fungi also have cell walls consisting largely of
chitin instead of cellulose.
• Which of the two pictures below do you
think Fungi are more closely related to?
• Which of the two pictures below do you
think Fungi are more closely related to?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the two pictures below do you
think Fungi are more closely related to?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which of the two pictures below do you
think Fungi are more closely related to?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Fungi are more closely related to animals
than they are to plants.
• Fungi are more closely related to animals
than they are to plants.
– They are heterotrophic like animals and not
photosy...
• Fungi are more closely related to animals
than they are to plants.
– They are heterotrophic like animals and not
photosy...
• A very diverse Kingdom, with some fungi
that are quite large, and others that are
very small.
• The Honey Mushroom Armillaria
ostoyae, is 3.5 miles across and takes up
1,665 football fields.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
• The Honey Mushroom Armillaria
ostoyae, is 3.5 miles across and takes up
1,665 football fields.
– The small mushrooms vis...
• The Honey Mushroom Armillaria
ostoyae, is 3.5 miles across and takes up
1,665 football fields.
– The small mushrooms vis...
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
 Positives and Negatives of Fungi
+ -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about the
positives roles of fungi at…
h...
 Positives and Negatives of Fungi
+ -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You need to record the positives and
negatives of fungi as we go through this
Kingdom.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Divisions of Fungi
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called
Divisions.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called
Divisions.
– Did King David Come Over For Good
Spaghetti?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called
Divisions.
– Did King David Come Over For Good
Spaghetti?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P...
• Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called
Divisions.
– Did King David Come Over For Good
Spaghetti?
“If you see King
Philli...
 Divisions of Fungi
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi
 Live on land and water.
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi
 Live on land and water.
 Great decomposers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi
 Live on land and water.
 Great decomposers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn m...
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Caution! Quiz to Follow!
– Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next
to your notes. These sketches will help you.
...
• Caution! Quiz to Follow!
– Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next
to your notes. These sketches will help you.
...
• Caution! Quiz to Follow!
– Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next
to your notes. These sketches will help you.
...
• Caution! Quiz to Follow!
– Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next
to your notes. These sketches will help you.
...
• Create three adjectives to describe
Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi based on
the following pictures.
Copyright © 2010 ...
• List of adjectives to describe Chytridiomycota /
Primitive Fungi
•
2006/2007
Small
String
Things
2007/2008
White
Weird
B...
 Zygomycota / Molds
 Mycorrhizal fungi in soil.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Zygomycota / Molds
 Mycorrhizal fungi in soil.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Zygomycota / Molds
 Mycorrhizal fungi in soil.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about Zygomycota at…
http://m...
Spores
Reproductive structure that is
adapted for dispersal and
surviving for extended periods of
time in unfavorable cond...
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Draw a quick sketch of some mold.
• Draw a quick sketch of some mold.
• Zygomycota / Molds are useful in making
many kinds of cheeses.
• List of adjectives to describe Zygomycota / Molds
•
2006/2007
Strings
Green
Gross
2007/2008
Fuzzy
Clear String
Bumps
200...
• Video Link (Optional) Decomposition of
Fruit.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c0En-_BVbGc
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murp...
• Video Link! (Optional) Reverse
Decomposition of a Watermelon
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S12zZhdOckc
• Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains food
molds.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JyqOE2Z-MdU
 Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:
 75% of all Fungi.
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:
 75% of all Fungi.
 Yeast.
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:
 75% of all Fungi.
 Yeast.
 Truffles
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:
 75% of all Fungi.
 Yeast.
 Truffles
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:
 75% of all Fungi.
 Yeast.
 Truffles
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about Ascomyc...
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Please sketch a sac fungi “Ascomycota”
• Please sketch a sac fungi “Ascomycota”
• Please sketch a sac fungi “Ascomycota”
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Fermentation - The anaerobic (no oxygen)
conversion of sugar into carbon dioxide and
alcohol by yeast.
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Carbonation
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Carbonation
• Fermentation:
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Carbonation
Learn more about fermentations at…
h...
• Yeast is a necessary ingredient to make
bread.
• Yeast
• Yeast
• Yeast
• List of adjectives to describe Ascomycota / Sac
Fungi
•
2006/2007
Wrinkly
Short
Mushroom
2007/2008
Orange
Bowl
Pockety
2...
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide
C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
• Activity! (Optional) Making Alcohol
– This alcohol is poisonous and will not be
consumed.
– Learn more at
http://www.ums...
• Procedure:
– A.) Add 2 tablespoons (9.85 ml) of bakers
yeast to one cup (236.5 ml) of warm water.
• Procedure:
– A.) Add 2 tablespoons (9.85 ml) of bakers
yeast to one cup (236.5 ml) of warm water.
– B.) Add 2 tablespoon...
• Procedure:
– C.) Pour mixture into a sports water bottle and
seal tightly.
• Procedure:
– D.) Attach tubing tightly to the end of the
plastic water bottle.
– E.) Attach tube to container filled wit...
• Procedure: Cabbage Water
– F.) Chop the cabbage into small pieces until you have
about 2 cups of chopped cabbage. Place ...
• Procedure: Cabbage Water
– F.) Chop the cabbage into small pieces until you have
about 2 cups of chopped cabbage. Place ...
• Procedure:
– H.) Place other end of tube into the cabbage
water.
– I.) Make Observations about the colors of the
cabbage...
• Questions.
– What occurred in the cabbage solution?
– What was produced in the container with the
yeast?
• Questions.
– What occurred in the cabbage solution?
• Questions.
– What occurred in the cabbage solution?
– The cabbage solution should change colors.
The carbon dioxide gas ...
• Questions.
– What was produced in the container with the
yeast?
• Questions.
– What was produced in the container with the
yeast?
– The yeast used the sugar and through
fermentation crea...
 Mycophycophyta / Lichens:
 Mycophycophyta / Lichens:
 Fungi and algae (Protist) live together (symbiotic)
• Lichen: Algae and fungus growing
together in a symbiotic relationship.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Lichen: Algae and fungus growing
together in a symbiotic relationship.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Lichen: Algae and fungus growing
together in a symbiotic relationship.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Lichen: Algae and fungus growing
together in a symbiotic relationship.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The fungi extract food from the
environment, while the algae are
photosynthetic.
– This is a mutualistic symbiosis.
Copy...
• Crustose
• Foliose
• Fruticose
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Please sketch a lichen “Mycophycophyta”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Please sketch a lichen “Mycophycophyta”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about lichens in the plant portion or...
• Lichens.
– It has some algae (Protist) in it.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Lichens play an important part in weathering,
because they release chemical agents.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Review for some! Weathering is the process
of breaking rock into smaller particles.
Creates Soil.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• Review for some! Weathering is the process
of breaking rock into smaller particles.
Creates Soil.
– Lichens release acid...
Lichen
Rock
Rock after lichen removed
Rock without lichen on it
• The small bits of rock weathered from the
lichen begin to form an early soil base.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Lichens thrive in some of the most hostile and
difficult places to survive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Lichens also exist as epiphytes, attaching
to living plants.
• Lastly, Lichens are indicators of good air
quality.
– They don’t grow in areas with heavy air
pollution.
• The three types of lichens
– -
– -
– -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Crustose: Forms a crust, difficult to remove
without crumbling.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Foliose: Leafy, can be peeled off rock with
knife.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Foliose: Leafy, can be peeled off rock with
knife.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Which is foliose lichen, and which is
crustose lichen in the photograph below?
• Fruticose: Forms shrubby branches.
– Easily removed by hand.
• Which is fruticose, and which is foliose
lichen in the photograph below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is fruticose, and which is foliose
lichen in the photograph below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is fruticose, and which is foliose
lichen in the photograph below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is fruticose, and which is foliose
lichen in the photograph below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is fruticose, and which is foliose
lichen in the photograph below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which is fruticose, and which is foliose
lichen in the photograph below?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Can you find the foliose lichen in this
picture dominated by fruticose lichen?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Foliose Fruticose
Foliose Fruticose
Foliose Fruticose
“This is called Old
Man’s Beard, and it
makes great tinder
for a fire.”
• Quiz Wiz, Name the type of Lichen. 1-10.
• - Crustose, - Foliose, - Fruticose.
• Crusty Leafy Branchy
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Bonus: What is the name of this character
from the Simpsons?
“My hair looks like
foliose lichen.”
“Arrghhh.”
• Quiz Wiz, Name the type of Lichen. 1-10.
• - Crustose, - Foliose, - Fruticose.
• Crusty Leafy Branchy
Copyright © 2010 R...
• Bonus: What is the name of this character
from the Simpsons.
“My hair looks like
foliose lichen.”
“Arrghhh.”
• Sideshow Bob from the T.V. Show The
Simpsons.
“If I have to take
another Quiz Wiz,
I’m going to go
insane!”
Copyright © ...
• Activity! Going Outside to Identify lichens.
– Please try and find the three types of lichens
and sketch them in your jo...
• Activity! Going Outside to Identify lichens.
– Please try and find the three types of lichens
and sketch them in your jo...
• Activity! Going Outside to Identify lichens.
– Please try and find the three types of lichens
and sketch them in your jo...
• List of adjectives to describe Mycophycophyta /
Lichens
•
2006/2007
Crusty
Green
Coverings
2007/2008
Little
Tree like
Th...
 Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi:
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi:
 The leftovers . Much classification
unknown, asexual spore formation.
 -
Copyright ...
 Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi:
 The leftovers . Much classification
unknown, asexual spore formation.
 Includes Ath...
Learn more about Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi at…
http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/wong/Bot201/Myxomycota/De
uterom...
• Penicillin which is humanities great weapon
against bacteria.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Please sketch an imperfect fungi.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• List of adjectives to describe Deuteromycota /
Imperfect Fungi
•2006/2007
Strings
With
Bumps
2007/2008
Little
Lollipop
T...
 Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:
 Mushrooms.
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:
 Mushrooms.
 Decomposition of wood.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:
 Mushrooms.
 Decomposition of wood.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about Basid...
• Some of the mushrooms in this division
can be eaten as a food source.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eating unidentified / non-edible mushrooms
can be deadly.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RULE NUMBER #1
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RULE NUMBER #1 - IF YOU AREN'T
SURE - DON'T EAT IT - many mushrooms
are deadly poisonous!
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• RULE NUMBER #1 - IF YOU AREN'T
SURE - DON'T EAT IT - many mushrooms
are deadly poisonous!
• RULE NUMBER # 2
Copyright © ...
• RULE NUMBER #1 - IF YOU AREN'T
SURE - DON'T EAT IT - many mushrooms
are deadly poisonous!
• RULE NUMBER # 2 - IF IN DOUB...
• If you eat a poisonous mushroom, they may
have to pump out your stomachs contents to
avoid death.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• If you eat a poisonous mushroom, they may
have to pump out your stomachs contents to
avoid death.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan ...
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Please sketch a club fungi “Basidiomycota”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• List of adjectives to describe Basidiomycota /
Club Fungi:
•
2006/2007
Mushrooms
?
?
2007/2008
Umbrella
Mushroom
Colors
...
• Video Link! 5 Divisions of Fungi
– Review for the upcoming quiz.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WqZKHr0ctk
• Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
• Quiz Wiz 1-10, Name the Phylum of Fungi,
I’ll give you a break and allow common
names, unless you want to be a science
h...
• Quiz Wiz 1-10, Name the Phylum of Fungi,
I’ll give you a break and allow common
names, unless you want to be a science
h...
• Note – Very few students have ever
scored really well on this Quiz Wiz.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Name these two?
• Answers to the Quiz: Mushroom Phylums
– Primitive Fungi
– Molds
– Sac Fungi
– Lichens
– Club Fungi
– Imperfect Fungi
Cop...
• Name these two?
• Name these two?
• Name these two?
• Name these two?
• Name these two?
• Video Link! Mushroom madness.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UvTvaxVySlE
– First 30 seconds are slime molds (Protist)
• Activity! Learning the parts of
Basidiomycota / Club Fungi: by making
mushroom houses.
• Mushroom Houses Activity.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mushroom Houses Activity.
– People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t
know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide)
C...
• Mushroom Houses Activity.
– People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t
know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide)
–...
• Mushroom Houses Activity.
– People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t
know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide)
–...
• Mushroom Houses Activity.
– People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t
know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide)
–...
• Mushroom Houses Activity.
– People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t
know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide)
–...
Cap
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Cap
Gills
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Cap
Gills
Stalk
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Cap
Gills
Stalk
Mycellium
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mushroom House Celtic Frame Available.
Name
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Spores
Gnome
• You should be close to this page in your
bundled homework.
• You should be close to this page in your
bundled homework.
• Let’s quickly cover Shrooms / Magic
Mushrooms.
• Magic Mushrooms are Psilocybin
mushrooms. The are fungi mainly of the
psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic
subst...
• Magic Mushrooms are Psilocybin
mushrooms. The are fungi mainly of the
psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic
subst...
• Magic Mushrooms are Psilocybin
mushrooms. The are fungi mainly of the
psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic
subst...
• Dangers of Shrooms
• Dangers of Shrooms
– Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly.
• Dangers of Shrooms
– Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly.
– Sickness.
• Dangers of Shrooms
– Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly.
– Sickness.
– Impaired judgement.
• Dangers of Shrooms
– Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly.
– Sickness.
– Impaired judgement.
– Mental problems ca...
• Dangers of Shrooms
– Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly.
– Sickness.
– Impaired judgement.
– Mental problems ca...
• One serious danger, among all the others
associated with shrooms.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• One serious danger, among all the others
associated with shrooms.
– The effects are often delayed, so people will eat
mo...
• Video! Dangers of Magic Mushrooms.
– In folder
• Activity! Handout about the dangers of Magic
Mushrooms.
– This reading was written by someone who uses
magic mushrooms a...
 The 3 Roles of Fungi
 -
 -
 -
• Glomeromycota: Group of fungi essential
for terrestrial ecosystem function.
– Mutualistic symbionts
 Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps
organisms (plants) grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps
organisms (plants) grow.
 Root
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps
organisms (plants) grow.
 Root
Fungi
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps
organisms (plants) grow.
 Root
Fungi
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more ab...
• Which plant has helpful Mycorrhizae fungi
in the soil providing nutrients to the plant?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• The fungi will help the plant absorb
valuable nutrients so the plant can grow?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Look how the majority of the this plants
roots are connected to the symbiotic fungi.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video (Optional) Mycorrhizal Fungi
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXPQ-NRH6-Y
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Hyphae / Part of the Mycellium- The part
of the fungus that feeds, grows, and
ultimately may produce a mushroom.
Copyrig...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
They look for molecules to
break down.
• Mushrooms are just the fruiting body
(reproductive structure) of the expansive
fungi made of mycelium threads.
Copyright...
• Mushrooms are just the fruiting body
(reproductive structure) of the expansive
fungi made of mycelium threads.
Mushroom
...
• Mushrooms are just the fruiting body
(reproductive structure) of the expansive
fungi made of mycelium threads.
Mushroom
...
• You can’t pick a mushroom and put it in
soil and expect it to survive like you can a
plant. You break the fragile myceli...
• Video! Mycelium threads, Techno time
Elapse over 12 days.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mycellium threads can clean pollution. They
are natures cleaners and recyclers.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Next important role of fungi.
• Next important role of fungi.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Saprobic- Decomposes dead things…logs,
feces, corpses, and recycles nutrients.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Look at this
humongous fungus.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What if plant and animal matter never
broke down?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What if plant and animal matter never
broke down?
– The entire planet would be covered in leaves,
dead things, and feces...
• What if plant and animal matter never
broke down?
– The entire planet would be covered in leaves,
dead things, and feces...
• Insects will also aid in decomposition of
animals and waste.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Insects will also aid in decomposition of
animals and waste.
– Optional Video: Rabbit time-elapse
decomposition.
– http:...
• Final Role of Fungi.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Parasitic- Fungi absorbs nutrients
(SPONCH) from living cells.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Parasitic- Fungi absorbs nutrients
(SPONCH) from living cells.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Parasitic Fung, Learn mor...
“I want to
show you
this
problem
I’ve been
having with
my feet.”
• Athletes Foot / tinea pedis
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“I saw this crusty
red spot.”
“I think I am
getting a fungal
infection.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Ringworm / tinea corporis.
– Not actually a worm but a fungus.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“My mouth hurts,
I think I’m
getting a fungal
infection.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Candidiasis moniliasis / Yeast Infections
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Candidiasis moniliasis / Yeast Infections
– Picture of infection in mouth but also occurs
in genital area of woman.
Copy...
“This robe is
making me
sweaty.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Jock Itch / Tinea cruris
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Jock Itch / Tinea cruris
– A fungal infection that effects the groin area of
boys and men.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murp...
• Luckily, many over the counter medication
exists to eliminate these parasitic fungi from
attacking our cells, such as…
C...
• Parasitic fungi aren’t all bad. Some kill off
insect colonies that are considered pests
by farmers, or colonies that get...
• Parasitic fungi aren’t all bad. Some kill off
insect colonies that are considered pests
by farmers, or colonies that get...
• Video! Creepy Cordyceps Fungi.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XuKjBIBBAL8
Killer Fungi
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You should be close to these questions in
your bundled homework.
 Asexually, Fungi reproduce by…
 -
 -
 -
• Review! Asexual reproduction is
reproduction involving the cells of a single
parent.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Asexually, Fungi reproduce by
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Budding / Splitting in two.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Budding / Splitting in two.
Offspring
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Budding / Splitting in two.
?
Offspring
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Budding / Splitting in two.
Bud Scar
Offspring
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Fragmentation / Break off and grow.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Mycelium threads before fragmentation /
disruption.
• Mycelium threads after fragmentation /
disruption. Many new colonies will form.
• Mycelium threads after fragmentation /
disruption. Many new colonies will form.
 Sporulation / releases spores which are
tiny reproductive bodies.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Learn more about Fungal Reproduction at…
https://www.boundless.com/biology/fungi/the-reproductive-cycles-of-
fungi/introdu...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of
chromosomes.
– Haploid cells have ha...
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
• Sexually, Fungi reproduce when two haploid
spores form a diploid.
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Which letter is haploid, diploid, and
fertilization?
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
– Sexual - Gametangia produce gametes.
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
– Sexual - Gametangia produce gametes.
•...
• Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
– Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
– Sexual - Gametangia produce gametes.
•...
• Fungi produce a sporangia during their
reproductive cycle.
• Sporulation / releases spores which are
tiny reproductive bodies.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Picture of mature sporangia releasing spores
 Spores are microscopic and travel through
the air.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Spores are microscopic and travel through
the air.
 Storage containers help but spores will always
enter.
Copyright © 2...
 Spores are microscopic and travel through
the air.
 Storage containers help but spores will always
enter.
Microscopic S...
Spores do not contain a large
food reserve such as the seeds
of plants.
Spores do not contain a large
food reserve such as the seeds
of plants.
The spores will
develop quickly
if they land on a
...
• Excess mold (spores) can become a serious
health risk and need to be removed.
 To prevent mold growth…
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Turns on Light
Turns on Light ?
Turns on Light FAN
Turns on Light FAN
If taking a shower,
turn this on because..
No
moisture,
no mold
No
moisture,
no mold
hopefully
• Certain types of mold growing on surfaces is
often called mildew.
• Certain types of mold growing on surfaces is
often called mildew.
Learn more about ways to prevent mold growth in your h...
 Limit moisture.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Best name for an antifungal product that
isn’t currently on the market.
Mildew
• Best name for an antifungal product that
isn’t currently on the market.
Mildew
• Best name for an antifungal product that
isn’t currently on the market.
Mildew
• Best name for an antifungal product that
isn’t currently on the market.
Mildon’t
• Best name for an antifungal product that
isn’t currently on the market.
Mildon’t
Okay, Moving
on…
 Limit warm temperatures.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Limit warm temperatures.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot”
“Did anybody see me.”
 Limit warm temperatures.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“Hoot” “Hoot”
“Did anybody see me.”
 Prevent spores from entering.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Prevent spores from entering.
– (Bags / Containers) Air tight is best.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Limit available food sources.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• If one moldy strawberry is left in the group…
• If one moldy strawberry is left in the group…
• Which strawberry should be removed from
the group?
• Which strawberry should be removed from
the group?
• Which strawberry should be removed from
the group? Or…
• You should be close to these questions in
your bundled homework.
• Video Podcast: Fungi
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dj9m7Oc36wM
• Video Link! Fungi Crash Course
– Optional and Advanced.
– Preview for language.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4DUZhn...
• Guess the hidden picture beneath the
boxes.
– Raise your hand when you think you know.
You only get one guess.
Copyright...
• Guess the hidden picture beneath the
boxes.
– Raise your hand when you think you know.
You only get one guess.
Copyright...
• Guess the hidden picture beneath the
boxes.
– Raise your hand when you think you know.
You only get one guess.
Copyright...
• You should be close to this page in your
bundled homework.
• Activity! Taxonomy Review Game II
• Fungi and Animals
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
• This PowerPoint is one small part of my Taxonomy and
Classification Unit.
• A Seven Part 3,000+ Slide PowerPoint full of...
Areas of Focus within The Taxonomy and Classification Unit:
Taxonomy, Classification, Need for Taxonomy vs. Common Names, ...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• More Units Available at…
Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics
Unit, The Astronomy Topic...
• Thank you for your time and interest in this
curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on
how a unit works and l...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
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Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
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Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
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Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
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Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy
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Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Taxonomy and Classification unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. A 3800+ slide Five Part PowerPoint presentation becomes the roadmap for an amazing and interactive science experience full of built-in lab activities, built-in quizzes, video links, class notes(red slides),review games, projects, unit notes, answer keys, and much more. Also included is a student version of the unit that is much like the teachers but missing the answer keys, quizzes, PowerPoint review games, hidden box challenges, owl, and surprises meant for the classroom. This is a great resource to distribute to your students and support professionals. The Classification and Taxonomy Unit covers topics associated with Taxonomy and Classification. The unit examines all of the Kingdoms of Life in detail. Areas of Focus within The Taxonomy and Classification Unit: -Taxonomy, Classification, Need for Taxonomy vs. Common Names, What is a Species?, Dichotomous Keys, What does Classification Use?, The Domains of Life, Kingdoms of Life,The 8 Taxonomic Ranks, Humans Taxonomic Classification, Kingdom Monera, Prokaryotic Cells, Types of Eubacteria, Bacteria Classification, Gram Staining,Bacterial Food Borne Illnesses, Penicillin and Antiseptic, Oral Hygiene and Plaque, Bacterial Reproduction (Binary Fission), Asexual Reproduction, Positives and Negatives of Bacteria, Protista, Plant-like Protists, Animal-like Protists, Fungi-like Protists, Animalia, Characteristics of Animalia, Animal Symmetry, Phylums of Animalia (Extensive), Classes of Chordata, Mammals, Subclasses of Mammals, Characteristics of Mammals, Fungi, Positives and Negatives of Fungi, Divisions of Fungi (Extensive), Parts of a Mushroom, 3 Roles of Fungi, Fungi Reproduction, Mold Prevention, Plant Divisions, Kingdom Plantae. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Kingdom Fungi Biology Lesson PowerPoint, Taxonomy

  1. 1. • Which of the two pictures below do you think Fungi are more closely related to? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  3. 3.  New Area of Focus: Kingdom Fungi.
  4. 4.  Kingdom Fungi: Multi-cellular (many celled)
  5. 5.  Kingdom Fungi: Multi-cellular (many celled) organisms that ingests food by absorption
  6. 6.  Kingdom Fungi: Multi-cellular (many celled) organisms that ingests food by absorption and reproduce using spores.
  7. 7. • Domains and Kingdoms Domain Eubacteria Archae- bacteria Kingdom Eubacteria Archae- bacteria Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia Cell Type Prokaryotic (No nucleus) Prokaryotic (No nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Single or Multi- Cellular Single (Unicellular) Single (Unicellular) Single (Unicellular) Multicellular Multicellular Multicellular Gets Energy from.. Varies Varies Varies Sunlight Absorbs Hetero- trophs Consumes Food
  8. 8. • Domains and Kingdoms Domain Eubacteria Archae- bacteria Kingdom Eubacteria Archae- bacteria Protista Plantae Fungi Animalia Cell Type Prokaryotic (No nucleus) Prokaryotic (No nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Eukaryotic (Nucleus) Single or Multi- Cellular Single (Unicellular) Single (Unicellular) Single (Unicellular) Multicellular Multicellular Multicellular Gets Energy from.. Varies Varies Varies Sunlight Absorbs Hetero- trophs Consumes Food
  9. 9. • Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They absorb their food on the outside instead of on the inside like animals.
  10. 10. • Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They absorb their food on the outside instead of on the inside like animals.
  11. 11. • Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They absorb their food on the outside instead of on the inside like animals. Excretion of digestive enzymes
  12. 12. • Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They absorb their food on the outside instead of on the inside like animals. Excretion of digestive enzymes
  13. 13. • Kingdom Fungi are inside out compared to us. They absorb their food on the outside instead of on the inside like animals. Excretion of digestive enzymes Organic molecules absorbed by hyphae.
  14. 14.  Fungi also have cell walls consisting largely of chitin instead of cellulose.
  15. 15.  Fungi also have cell walls consisting largely of chitin instead of cellulose.
  16. 16. • Which of the two pictures below do you think Fungi are more closely related to?
  17. 17. • Which of the two pictures below do you think Fungi are more closely related to? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Which of the two pictures below do you think Fungi are more closely related to? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Which of the two pictures below do you think Fungi are more closely related to? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • Fungi are more closely related to animals than they are to plants.
  21. 21. • Fungi are more closely related to animals than they are to plants. – They are heterotrophic like animals and not photosynthetic like plants.
  22. 22. • Fungi are more closely related to animals than they are to plants. – They are heterotrophic like animals and not photosynthetic like plants.
  23. 23. • A very diverse Kingdom, with some fungi that are quite large, and others that are very small.
  24. 24. • The Honey Mushroom Armillaria ostoyae, is 3.5 miles across and takes up 1,665 football fields. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • The Honey Mushroom Armillaria ostoyae, is 3.5 miles across and takes up 1,665 football fields. – The small mushrooms visible above ground are only the tip of the iceberg. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • The Honey Mushroom Armillaria ostoyae, is 3.5 miles across and takes up 1,665 football fields. – The small mushrooms visible above ground are only the tip of the iceberg. – Experts estimate that the giant mushroom is at least 2,400 years old, but could be 7,200 years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  28. 28. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  29. 29.  Positives and Negatives of Fungi + - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about the positives roles of fungi at… http://www.countrysideinfo .co.uk/fungi/importce.htm Find positives and some negatives at… http://www.brighthubeducation.com/sc ience-homework-help/1798-interesting- facts-about-fungi-is-it-good-or-bad/
  30. 30.  Positives and Negatives of Fungi + - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. • You need to record the positives and negatives of fungi as we go through this Kingdom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32.  Divisions of Fungi  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called Divisions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called Divisions. – Did King David Come Over For Good Spaghetti? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called Divisions. – Did King David Come Over For Good Spaghetti? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Phylums in Plants and Fungi are called Divisions. – Did King David Come Over For Good Spaghetti? “If you see King Phillip, tell him his reign is over!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37.  Divisions of Fungi  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38.  Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39.  Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi  Live on land and water.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40.  Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi  Live on land and water.  Great decomposers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41.  Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi  Live on land and water.  Great decomposers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Chrytridiomycota (Primitive Fungi) at… http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/fungi/chytrids.html
  42. 42. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  43. 43. • Caution! Quiz to Follow! – Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next to your notes. These sketches will help you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Caution! Quiz to Follow! – Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next to your notes. These sketches will help you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Caution! Quiz to Follow! – Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next to your notes. These sketches will help you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Caution! Quiz to Follow! – Make a quick sketch of each order of fungi next to your notes. These sketches will help you. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Create three adjectives to describe Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi based on the following pictures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • List of adjectives to describe Chytridiomycota / Primitive Fungi • 2006/2007 Small String Things 2007/2008 White Weird Bubbles 2009/2010 Clear Circular Rootoids 2011/2012 Translucent Spherical Octopus (n.) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49.  Zygomycota / Molds  Mycorrhizal fungi in soil. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50.  Zygomycota / Molds  Mycorrhizal fungi in soil. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51.  Zygomycota / Molds  Mycorrhizal fungi in soil. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Zygomycota at… http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Zygomycota
  52. 52. Spores Reproductive structure that is adapted for dispersal and surviving for extended periods of time in unfavorable conditions.
  53. 53. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  54. 54. • Draw a quick sketch of some mold.
  55. 55. • Draw a quick sketch of some mold.
  56. 56. • Zygomycota / Molds are useful in making many kinds of cheeses.
  57. 57. • List of adjectives to describe Zygomycota / Molds • 2006/2007 Strings Green Gross 2007/2008 Fuzzy Clear String Bumps 2009/2010 Yucky Hairy Thin 2011/2012 Yucky Green Pimply Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • Video Link (Optional) Decomposition of Fruit. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c0En-_BVbGc Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Video Link! (Optional) Reverse Decomposition of a Watermelon – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S12zZhdOckc
  60. 60. • Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains food molds. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JyqOE2Z-MdU
  61. 61.  Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62.  Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:  75% of all Fungi.  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63.  Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:  75% of all Fungi.  Yeast.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64.  Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:  75% of all Fungi.  Yeast.  Truffles Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65.  Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:  75% of all Fungi.  Yeast.  Truffles Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66.  Ascomycota / Sac Fungi:  75% of all Fungi.  Yeast.  Truffles Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Ascomycota at… http://tolweb.org/Ascomycota
  67. 67. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  68. 68. • Please sketch a sac fungi “Ascomycota”
  69. 69. • Please sketch a sac fungi “Ascomycota”
  70. 70. • Please sketch a sac fungi “Ascomycota”
  71. 71. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  72. 72. • Fermentation - The anaerobic (no oxygen) conversion of sugar into carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast.
  73. 73. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  74. 74. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  75. 75. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  76. 76. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  77. 77. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  78. 78. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  79. 79. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  80. 80. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  81. 81. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 Carbonation
  82. 82. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 Carbonation
  83. 83. • Fermentation: Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2 Carbonation Learn more about fermentations at… http://chemistry.about.com/od/lecturenoteslab1/f/What-Is- Fermentation.htm
  84. 84. • Yeast is a necessary ingredient to make bread.
  85. 85. • Yeast
  86. 86. • Yeast
  87. 87. • Yeast
  88. 88. • List of adjectives to describe Ascomycota / Sac Fungi • 2006/2007 Wrinkly Short Mushroom 2007/2008 Orange Bowl Pockety 2009/2010 Porous Deformed Mutated 2011/2012 Pockety Shriveled Pudding Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  90. 90. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  91. 91. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  92. 92. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  93. 93. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  94. 94. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  95. 95. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  96. 96. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  97. 97. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  98. 98. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  99. 99. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  100. 100. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  101. 101. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  102. 102. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  103. 103. Sugar Ethyl Alcohol Carbon Dioxide C6H12O6 2C2H5OH + 2CO2
  104. 104. • Activity! (Optional) Making Alcohol – This alcohol is poisonous and will not be consumed. – Learn more at http://www.umsl.edu/~microbes/pdf/fungus1.pdf
  105. 105. • Procedure: – A.) Add 2 tablespoons (9.85 ml) of bakers yeast to one cup (236.5 ml) of warm water.
  106. 106. • Procedure: – A.) Add 2 tablespoons (9.85 ml) of bakers yeast to one cup (236.5 ml) of warm water. – B.) Add 2 tablespoons of sugar into the container. Sucrose or Fructose.
  107. 107. • Procedure: – C.) Pour mixture into a sports water bottle and seal tightly.
  108. 108. • Procedure: – D.) Attach tubing tightly to the end of the plastic water bottle. – E.) Attach tube to container filled with cabbage water.
  109. 109. • Procedure: Cabbage Water – F.) Chop the cabbage into small pieces until you have about 2 cups of chopped cabbage. Place the cabbage in a large beaker or other glass container and add boiling water to cover the cabbage. Allow at least ten minutes for the color to leach out of the cabbage. (Alternatively, you can place about 2 cups of cabbage in a blender, cover it with boiling water, and blend it.) G.) Filter out the plant material to obtain a red-purple- bluish colored liquid. This liquid is at about pH 7. (The exact color you get depends on the pH of the water.)
  110. 110. • Procedure: Cabbage Water – F.) Chop the cabbage into small pieces until you have about 2 cups of chopped cabbage. Place the cabbage in a large beaker or other glass container and add boiling water to cover the cabbage. Allow at least ten minutes for the color to leach out of the cabbage. (Alternatively, you can place about 2 cups of cabbage in a blender, cover it with boiling water, and blend it.) G.) Filter out the plant material to obtain a red-purple- bluish colored liquid. This liquid is at about pH 7. (The exact color you get depends on the pH of the water.)
  111. 111. • Procedure: – H.) Place other end of tube into the cabbage water. – I.) Make Observations about the colors of the cabbage solution, bubbles, and anything else.
  112. 112. • Questions. – What occurred in the cabbage solution? – What was produced in the container with the yeast?
  113. 113. • Questions. – What occurred in the cabbage solution?
  114. 114. • Questions. – What occurred in the cabbage solution? – The cabbage solution should change colors. The carbon dioxide gas coming through the tube changed the pH of the water.
  115. 115. • Questions. – What was produced in the container with the yeast?
  116. 116. • Questions. – What was produced in the container with the yeast? – The yeast used the sugar and through fermentation created alcohol and carbon dioxide gas. The CO2 gas traveled through the tube into the cabbage solution as noted by the bubbles and pH change.
  117. 117.  Mycophycophyta / Lichens:
  118. 118.  Mycophycophyta / Lichens:  Fungi and algae (Protist) live together (symbiotic)
  119. 119. • Lichen: Algae and fungus growing together in a symbiotic relationship. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Lichen: Algae and fungus growing together in a symbiotic relationship. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Lichen: Algae and fungus growing together in a symbiotic relationship. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Lichen: Algae and fungus growing together in a symbiotic relationship. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • The fungi extract food from the environment, while the algae are photosynthetic. – This is a mutualistic symbiosis. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Crustose
  125. 125. • Foliose
  126. 126. • Fruticose
  127. 127. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  128. 128. • Please sketch a lichen “Mycophycophyta” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • Please sketch a lichen “Mycophycophyta” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about lichens in the plant portion or visit… http://www.lichen.com/biology.html
  130. 130. • Lichens. – It has some algae (Protist) in it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. • Lichens play an important part in weathering, because they release chemical agents. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132. • Review for some! Weathering is the process of breaking rock into smaller particles. Creates Soil. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. • Review for some! Weathering is the process of breaking rock into smaller particles. Creates Soil. – Lichens release acid so that is chemical weathering. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134. Lichen Rock
  135. 135. Rock after lichen removed Rock without lichen on it
  136. 136. • The small bits of rock weathered from the lichen begin to form an early soil base. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. • Lichens thrive in some of the most hostile and difficult places to survive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138. • Lichens also exist as epiphytes, attaching to living plants.
  139. 139. • Lastly, Lichens are indicators of good air quality. – They don’t grow in areas with heavy air pollution.
  140. 140. • The three types of lichens – - – - – - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • Crustose: Forms a crust, difficult to remove without crumbling. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. • Foliose: Leafy, can be peeled off rock with knife. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. • Foliose: Leafy, can be peeled off rock with knife. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  145. 145. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  146. 146. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  147. 147. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  148. 148. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  149. 149. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  150. 150. • Which is foliose lichen, and which is crustose lichen in the photograph below?
  151. 151. • Fruticose: Forms shrubby branches. – Easily removed by hand.
  152. 152. • Which is fruticose, and which is foliose lichen in the photograph below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • Which is fruticose, and which is foliose lichen in the photograph below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Which is fruticose, and which is foliose lichen in the photograph below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • Which is fruticose, and which is foliose lichen in the photograph below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Which is fruticose, and which is foliose lichen in the photograph below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. • Which is fruticose, and which is foliose lichen in the photograph below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Can you find the foliose lichen in this picture dominated by fruticose lichen? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. Foliose Fruticose
  160. 160. Foliose Fruticose
  161. 161. Foliose Fruticose
  162. 162. “This is called Old Man’s Beard, and it makes great tinder for a fire.”
  163. 163. • Quiz Wiz, Name the type of Lichen. 1-10. • - Crustose, - Foliose, - Fruticose. • Crusty Leafy Branchy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Bonus: What is the name of this character from the Simpsons? “My hair looks like foliose lichen.” “Arrghhh.”
  165. 165. • Quiz Wiz, Name the type of Lichen. 1-10. • - Crustose, - Foliose, - Fruticose. • Crusty Leafy Branchy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. • Bonus: What is the name of this character from the Simpsons. “My hair looks like foliose lichen.” “Arrghhh.”
  167. 167. • Sideshow Bob from the T.V. Show The Simpsons. “If I have to take another Quiz Wiz, I’m going to go insane!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168. • Activity! Going Outside to Identify lichens. – Please try and find the three types of lichens and sketch them in your journal. • Please stay together as a group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  169. 169. • Activity! Going Outside to Identify lichens. – Please try and find the three types of lichens and sketch them in your journal. • Please stay together as a group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. • Activity! Going Outside to Identify lichens. – Please try and find the three types of lichens and sketch them in your journal. • Please stay together as a group. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171. • List of adjectives to describe Mycophycophyta / Lichens • 2006/2007 Crusty Green Coverings 2007/2008 Little Tree like Things 2009/2010 Crusty Wet Moisty 2011/2012 Green Cornflakes w/ branches Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172.  Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi:  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173.  Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi:  The leftovers . Much classification unknown, asexual spore formation.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174.  Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi:  The leftovers . Much classification unknown, asexual spore formation.  Includes Athletes foot, Penicillin. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. Learn more about Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi at… http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/faculty/wong/Bot201/Myxomycota/De uteromycota.htm
  176. 176. • Penicillin which is humanities great weapon against bacteria. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  178. 178. • Please sketch an imperfect fungi. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • List of adjectives to describe Deuteromycota / Imperfect Fungi •2006/2007 Strings With Bumps 2007/2008 Little Lollipop Things 2009/2010 Dippin Dots On a Stick 2011/2012 Leafless Coconut Tree Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180.  Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181.  Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:  Mushrooms.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182.  Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:  Mushrooms.  Decomposition of wood. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183.  Basidiomycota / Club Fungi:  Mushrooms.  Decomposition of wood. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Basidiomycota at… http://tolweb.org/Basidiomycota
  184. 184. • Some of the mushrooms in this division can be eaten as a food source. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Eating unidentified / non-edible mushrooms can be deadly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • RULE NUMBER #1 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • RULE NUMBER #1 - IF YOU AREN'T SURE - DON'T EAT IT - many mushrooms are deadly poisonous! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • RULE NUMBER #1 - IF YOU AREN'T SURE - DON'T EAT IT - many mushrooms are deadly poisonous! • RULE NUMBER # 2 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • RULE NUMBER #1 - IF YOU AREN'T SURE - DON'T EAT IT - many mushrooms are deadly poisonous! • RULE NUMBER # 2 - IF IN DOUBT - READ RULE NUMBER #1 AGAIN! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • If you eat a poisonous mushroom, they may have to pump out your stomachs contents to avoid death. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • If you eat a poisonous mushroom, they may have to pump out your stomachs contents to avoid death. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  195. 195. • Please sketch a club fungi “Basidiomycota” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • List of adjectives to describe Basidiomycota / Club Fungi: • 2006/2007 Mushrooms ? ? 2007/2008 Umbrella Mushroom Colors 2009/2010 Toad from Mario 2011/2012 Shroomy And Groovy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Video Link! 5 Divisions of Fungi – Review for the upcoming quiz. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3WqZKHr0ctk
  198. 198. • Kingdom Fungi Available Sheet.
  199. 199. • Quiz Wiz 1-10, Name the Phylum of Fungi, I’ll give you a break and allow common names, unless you want to be a science hero and use their Division name. – Primitive Fungi – Molds – Sac Fungi – Lichens – Club Fungi – Imperfect Fungi Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Quiz Wiz 1-10, Name the Phylum of Fungi, I’ll give you a break and allow common names, unless you want to be a science hero and use their Division name. – Primitive Fungi – Molds – Sac Fungi – Lichens – Club Fungi – Imperfect Fungi Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. • Note – Very few students have ever scored really well on this Quiz Wiz. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. • Name these two?
  203. 203. • Answers to the Quiz: Mushroom Phylums – Primitive Fungi – Molds – Sac Fungi – Lichens – Club Fungi – Imperfect Fungi Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. • Name these two?
  205. 205. • Name these two?
  206. 206. • Name these two?
  207. 207. • Name these two?
  208. 208. • Name these two?
  209. 209. • Video Link! Mushroom madness. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UvTvaxVySlE – First 30 seconds are slime molds (Protist)
  210. 210. • Activity! Learning the parts of Basidiomycota / Club Fungi: by making mushroom houses.
  211. 211. • Mushroom Houses Activity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. • Mushroom Houses Activity. – People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213. • Mushroom Houses Activity. – People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide) – Create your best mushroom work of art, make a fairy house, dreamland, whatever. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. • Mushroom Houses Activity. – People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide) – Create your best mushroom work of art, make a fairy house, dreamland, whatever. – Just include the following labels in your whimsical drawing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • Mushroom Houses Activity. – People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide) – Create your best mushroom work of art, make a fairy house, dreamland, whatever. – Just include the following labels in your whimsical drawing. – You will have 20 minutes, must be whimsical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. • Mushroom Houses Activity. – People like drawing mushrooms, why I don’t know, but I’ll go with it. (Example-next slide) – Create your best mushroom work of art, make a fairy house, dreamland, whatever. – Just include the following labels in your whimsical drawing. – You will have 20 minutes, must be whimsical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Mycellium network of hyphae
  217. 217. Cap Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. Cap Gills Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. Cap Gills Stalk Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. Cap Gills Stalk Mycellium Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. • Mushroom House Celtic Frame Available. Name
  222. 222. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Spores Gnome
  223. 223. • You should be close to this page in your bundled homework.
  224. 224. • You should be close to this page in your bundled homework.
  225. 225. • Let’s quickly cover Shrooms / Magic Mushrooms.
  226. 226. • Magic Mushrooms are Psilocybin mushrooms. The are fungi mainly of the psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin, and occasionally other psychoactive tryptamines. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. • Magic Mushrooms are Psilocybin mushrooms. The are fungi mainly of the psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin, and occasionally other psychoactive tryptamines. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. • Magic Mushrooms are Psilocybin mushrooms. The are fungi mainly of the psilocybe genus that contain the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin, and occasionally other psychoactive tryptamines. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. • Dangers of Shrooms
  230. 230. • Dangers of Shrooms – Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly.
  231. 231. • Dangers of Shrooms – Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly. – Sickness.
  232. 232. • Dangers of Shrooms – Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly. – Sickness. – Impaired judgement.
  233. 233. • Dangers of Shrooms – Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly. – Sickness. – Impaired judgement. – Mental problems can occur like schizophrenia.
  234. 234. • Dangers of Shrooms – Misidentification – Most Shrooms are deadly. – Sickness. – Impaired judgement. – Mental problems can occur like schizophrenia. – They are illegal.
  235. 235. • One serious danger, among all the others associated with shrooms. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  236. 236. • One serious danger, among all the others associated with shrooms. – The effects are often delayed, so people will eat more thinking they didn’t eat enough. When the effects do kick in, they have already overdosed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about “Magic Mushrooms” at… http://science.howstuffworks.com/magic-mushroom.htm
  237. 237. • Video! Dangers of Magic Mushrooms. – In folder
  238. 238. • Activity! Handout about the dangers of Magic Mushrooms. – This reading was written by someone who uses magic mushrooms and knows more than I about their effects. This is informative and hopefully you will educated about the dangers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239.  The 3 Roles of Fungi  -  -  -
  240. 240. • Glomeromycota: Group of fungi essential for terrestrial ecosystem function. – Mutualistic symbionts
  241. 241.  Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps organisms (plants) grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242.  Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps organisms (plants) grow.  Root Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243.  Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps organisms (plants) grow.  Root Fungi Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244.  Mutualistic symbionts – Fungus helps organisms (plants) grow.  Root Fungi Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about this very important division of Fungi at… http://tolweb.org/Glomeromycota
  245. 245. • Which plant has helpful Mycorrhizae fungi in the soil providing nutrients to the plant? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. • The fungi will help the plant absorb valuable nutrients so the plant can grow? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247. • Look how the majority of the this plants roots are connected to the symbiotic fungi. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. • Video (Optional) Mycorrhizal Fungi – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yXPQ-NRH6-Y Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  249. 249.  Hyphae / Part of the Mycellium- The part of the fungus that feeds, grows, and ultimately may produce a mushroom. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  250. 250. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  251. 251. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  252. 252. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  253. 253. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  254. 254. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  255. 255. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  256. 256. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  257. 257. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  258. 258. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  259. 259. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  260. 260. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  261. 261. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They look for molecules to break down.
  262. 262. • Mushrooms are just the fruiting body (reproductive structure) of the expansive fungi made of mycelium threads. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  263. 263. • Mushrooms are just the fruiting body (reproductive structure) of the expansive fungi made of mycelium threads. Mushroom Mycelium threads Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  264. 264. • Mushrooms are just the fruiting body (reproductive structure) of the expansive fungi made of mycelium threads. Mushroom Mycelium threads Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  265. 265. • You can’t pick a mushroom and put it in soil and expect it to survive like you can a plant. You break the fragile mycelium. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  266. 266. • Video! Mycelium threads, Techno time Elapse over 12 days. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  267. 267. • Mycellium threads can clean pollution. They are natures cleaners and recyclers. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  268. 268. • Next important role of fungi.
  269. 269. • Next important role of fungi. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  270. 270.  Saprobic- Decomposes dead things…logs, feces, corpses, and recycles nutrients. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  271. 271. “Look at this humongous fungus.”
  272. 272. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  273. 273. • What if plant and animal matter never broke down? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  274. 274. • What if plant and animal matter never broke down? – The entire planet would be covered in leaves, dead things, and feces until…? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  275. 275. • What if plant and animal matter never broke down? – The entire planet would be covered in leaves, dead things, and feces until…? – But nutrients would never be recycled and plants would die? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  276. 276. • Insects will also aid in decomposition of animals and waste. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  277. 277. • Insects will also aid in decomposition of animals and waste. – Optional Video: Rabbit time-elapse decomposition. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C6sFP_7Vezg Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  278. 278. • Final Role of Fungi. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  279. 279.  Parasitic- Fungi absorbs nutrients (SPONCH) from living cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  280. 280.  Parasitic- Fungi absorbs nutrients (SPONCH) from living cells. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Parasitic Fung, Learn more at… http://www.hsu.edu/pictures.aspx?id=12367
  281. 281. “I want to show you this problem I’ve been having with my feet.”
  282. 282. • Athletes Foot / tinea pedis Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  283. 283. “I saw this crusty red spot.” “I think I am getting a fungal infection.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. • Ringworm / tinea corporis. – Not actually a worm but a fungus. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. “My mouth hurts, I think I’m getting a fungal infection.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  287. 287. • Candidiasis moniliasis / Yeast Infections Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  288. 288. • Candidiasis moniliasis / Yeast Infections – Picture of infection in mouth but also occurs in genital area of woman. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  289. 289. “This robe is making me sweaty.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  290. 290. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  291. 291. • Jock Itch / Tinea cruris Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  292. 292. • Jock Itch / Tinea cruris – A fungal infection that effects the groin area of boys and men. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  293. 293. • Luckily, many over the counter medication exists to eliminate these parasitic fungi from attacking our cells, such as… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  294. 294. • Parasitic fungi aren’t all bad. Some kill off insect colonies that are considered pests by farmers, or colonies that get to large.
  295. 295. • Parasitic fungi aren’t all bad. Some kill off insect colonies that are considered pests by farmers, or colonies that get to large. Called Cordyceps Fungi.
  296. 296. • Video! Creepy Cordyceps Fungi. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XuKjBIBBAL8 Killer Fungi Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  297. 297. • You should be close to these questions in your bundled homework.
  298. 298.  Asexually, Fungi reproduce by…  -  -  -
  299. 299. • Review! Asexual reproduction is reproduction involving the cells of a single parent. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  300. 300.  Asexually, Fungi reproduce by  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  301. 301.  Budding / Splitting in two. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  302. 302.  Budding / Splitting in two. Offspring Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  303. 303.  Budding / Splitting in two. ? Offspring Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  304. 304.  Budding / Splitting in two. Bud Scar Offspring Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  305. 305.  Fragmentation / Break off and grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  306. 306. • Mycelium threads before fragmentation / disruption.
  307. 307. • Mycelium threads after fragmentation / disruption. Many new colonies will form.
  308. 308. • Mycelium threads after fragmentation / disruption. Many new colonies will form.
  309. 309.  Sporulation / releases spores which are tiny reproductive bodies. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  310. 310. Learn more about Fungal Reproduction at… https://www.boundless.com/biology/fungi/the-reproductive-cycles-of- fungi/introduction-to-fungal-reproduction/
  311. 311. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
  312. 312. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes.
  313. 313. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes.
  314. 314. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  315. 315. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  316. 316. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  317. 317. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  318. 318. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  319. 319. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  320. 320. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  321. 321. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  322. 322. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  323. 323. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  324. 324. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  325. 325. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Diploid cells contain two complete sets (2n) of chromosomes. – Haploid cells have half the number of chromosomes (n) as diploid - i.e. a haploid cell contains only one complete set of chromosomes.
  326. 326. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  327. 327. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  328. 328. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  329. 329. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  330. 330. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  331. 331. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  332. 332. • Which is haploid, diploid, fertilization?
  333. 333. • Sexually, Fungi reproduce when two haploid spores form a diploid.
  334. 334. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  335. 335. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  336. 336. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  337. 337. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  338. 338. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  339. 339. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  340. 340. • Which letter is haploid, diploid, and fertilization?
  341. 341. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi.
  342. 342. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
  343. 343. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
  344. 344. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores.
  345. 345. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores. – Sexual - Gametangia produce gametes.
  346. 346. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores. – Sexual - Gametangia produce gametes. • The asexual mode of reproduction is far more common.
  347. 347. • Reproductive cycles of the Fungi. – Asexual - Sporangia produce haploid spores. – Sexual - Gametangia produce gametes. • The asexual mode of reproduction is far more common. • Most major taxonomic groups are differentiated by reproductive cycle.
  348. 348. • Fungi produce a sporangia during their reproductive cycle.
  349. 349. • Sporulation / releases spores which are tiny reproductive bodies. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  350. 350. • Picture of mature sporangia releasing spores
  351. 351.  Spores are microscopic and travel through the air. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  352. 352.  Spores are microscopic and travel through the air.  Storage containers help but spores will always enter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  353. 353.  Spores are microscopic and travel through the air.  Storage containers help but spores will always enter. Microscopic Spores enter through air Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  354. 354. Spores do not contain a large food reserve such as the seeds of plants.
  355. 355. Spores do not contain a large food reserve such as the seeds of plants. The spores will develop quickly if they land on a food source.
  356. 356. • Excess mold (spores) can become a serious health risk and need to be removed.
  357. 357.  To prevent mold growth…  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  358. 358. Turns on Light
  359. 359. Turns on Light ?
  360. 360. Turns on Light FAN
  361. 361. Turns on Light FAN If taking a shower, turn this on because..
  362. 362. No moisture, no mold
  363. 363. No moisture, no mold hopefully
  364. 364. • Certain types of mold growing on surfaces is often called mildew.
  365. 365. • Certain types of mold growing on surfaces is often called mildew. Learn more about ways to prevent mold growth in your home at… http://www.wikihow.com/Prevent-Mold-from-Growing-in-Your-Home
  366. 366.  Limit moisture. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  367. 367. • Best name for an antifungal product that isn’t currently on the market. Mildew
  368. 368. • Best name for an antifungal product that isn’t currently on the market. Mildew
  369. 369. • Best name for an antifungal product that isn’t currently on the market. Mildew
  370. 370. • Best name for an antifungal product that isn’t currently on the market. Mildon’t
  371. 371. • Best name for an antifungal product that isn’t currently on the market. Mildon’t Okay, Moving on…
  372. 372.  Limit warm temperatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  373. 373.  Limit warm temperatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “Did anybody see me.”
  374. 374.  Limit warm temperatures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Hoot” “Hoot” “Did anybody see me.”
  375. 375.  Prevent spores from entering. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  376. 376. • Prevent spores from entering. – (Bags / Containers) Air tight is best. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  377. 377.  Limit available food sources. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  378. 378. • If one moldy strawberry is left in the group…
  379. 379. • If one moldy strawberry is left in the group…
  380. 380. • Which strawberry should be removed from the group?
  381. 381. • Which strawberry should be removed from the group?
  382. 382. • Which strawberry should be removed from the group? Or…
  383. 383. • You should be close to these questions in your bundled homework.
  384. 384. • Video Podcast: Fungi – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dj9m7Oc36wM
  385. 385. • Video Link! Fungi Crash Course – Optional and Advanced. – Preview for language. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4DUZhnNo4s
  386. 386. • Guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  387. 387. • Guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  388. 388. • Guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  389. 389. • You should be close to this page in your bundled homework.
  390. 390. • Activity! Taxonomy Review Game II • Fungi and Animals Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  391. 391. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  392. 392. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Taxonomy and Classification Unit. • A Seven Part 3,000+ Slide PowerPoint full of engaging activities, critical class notes, review opportunities, question, answers, games, and much more. • 19 Page bundled homework that chronologically follows the slideshow for nightly review. Modified version provided as well as answer keys. • 24 pages of unit notes with visuals for students and support professionals. • 2 PowerPoint Review Games with Answer Key • Rubrics, videos, templates, materials list, First Day PowerPoint, guide, and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit. html
  393. 393. Areas of Focus within The Taxonomy and Classification Unit: Taxonomy, Classification, Need for Taxonomy vs. Common Names, What is a Species?, Dichotomous Keys, What does Classification Use?, The Domains of Life, Kingdoms of Life,The 8 Taxonomic Ranks, Humans Taxonomic Classification, Kingdom Monera, Prokaryotic Cells, Types of Eubacteria, Bacteria Classification, Gram Staining,Bacterial Food Borne Illnesses, Penicillin and Antiseptic, Oral Hygiene and Plaque, Bacterial Reproduction (Binary Fission), Asexual Reproduction, Positives and Negatives of Bacteria, Protista, Plant-like Protists, Animal-like Protists, Fungi-like Protists, Animalia, Characteristics of Animalia, Animal Symmetry, Phylums of Animalia (Extensive), Classes of Chordata, Mammals, Subclasses of Mammals, Characteristics of Mammals, Classes of Fish, Fashion a Fish Project, Animal Poster Project, Fungi, Positives and Negatives of Fungi, Divisions of Fungi (Extensive), Parts of a Mushroom, 3 Roles of Fungi, Fungi Reproduction, Mold Prevention, Plant Divisions, Photosynthesis, Plant Photo Tour, Non Vascular Plants, Algae, Lichens, Bryophytes, Seedless Vascular Plants, Cone Bearing Plants, Flowering Plants, Monocotyledons, Dicotyledons and much more. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html
  394. 394. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult  5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  395. 395. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  396. 396. • More Units Available at… Earth Science: The Soil Science and Glaciers Unit, The Geology Topics Unit, The Astronomy Topics Unit, The Weather and Climate Unit, and The River Unit, The Water Molecule Unit. Physical Science: The Laws of Motion and Machines Unit, The Atoms and Periodic Table Unit, The Energy and the Environment Unit, and The Introduction to Science / Metric Unit. Life Science: The Diseases and Cells Unit, The DNA and Genetics Unit, The Life Topics Unit, The Plant Unit, The Taxonomy and Classification Unit, Ecology: Feeding Levels Unit, Ecology: Interactions Unit, Ecology: Abiotic Factors, The Evolution and Natural Selection Unit and The Human Body Systems and Health Topics Unit. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  397. 397. • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
  398. 398. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:

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