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Inner Planets Astronomy Lesson PowerPoint, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package,......

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 8 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow and meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and follow up questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation. Teaching Duration = 5+ weeks. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEOs, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Blackholes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Spacetime and much more. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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  • 1. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 3. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 4. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 5. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 6. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 7. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 8. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 9. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 10. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 11. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 12. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 13. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 14. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 15. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 16. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 17. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 18. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 19. • Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. – He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 20. • Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. – He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 21.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 22.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 23.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 24.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 25.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 26.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 27.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 28.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 29.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 30. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 31. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 32. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 33. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 34. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 35. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 36. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus MarsMercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 37. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus MarsMercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 38. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 39. • Which planet rotates opposite of all the others? Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 40. • Which planet rotates opposite of all the others? Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 41. • Which planet rotates opposite of all the others? Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 42. • Can you do it one more time? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 43. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 44. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 45. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 46. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 47. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 48. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 49. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Mars Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 50. On the next slide, teacher to minimize out of slideshow and assist students in dragging inner planets to their correct order.
  • 51. Answer:
  • 52. Answer:
  • 53. • What is the connection between this story and the planet earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 54. • Answer! The distance to planet Earth from the Sun is just right. Not to hot, and not to cold. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 55. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 56. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 57. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 58. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 59. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 60. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 61. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 62.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 63.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 64.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  150 Million Kilometers or Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 65.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  150 Million Kilometers or  1 AU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 66.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  150 Million Kilometers or  1 AU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 67. How units in astronomy are measured, Learn More: http://www.telescope.org/nuffield_21_sci/astrounits.htm
  • 68. • What planet am I? I am about 9.5 AU from the sun.
  • 69. • What planet am I? I am about 9.5 AU from the sun.
  • 70. • What planet am I? I am about .7 AU from the sun.
  • 71. • What planet am I? I am about .7 AU from the sun.
  • 72. • What planet am I? I am about .7 AU from the sun.
  • 73. • Inner Planets – Mercury, Venus, Earth,
  • 74. • What’s inside?
  • 75. • Activity! Gathering information about the Sun and the Inner Planets. – Please create two pages in your journal of the next slide. – Please Google “Virtual Tour Solar System” – Record important factoids about each of the inner planets. – The more information the better. • 5 would be the absolute minimal per planet.
  • 76. • Mercury: Searching for facts online. – Search “Virtual Tour Mercury” – http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science /space/solar-system/mercury-article.html – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/merc ury.html – http://www.space.com/mercury/ – http://www.seasky.org/solar-system/solar- system-intro.html
  • 77. • Activity! Visit the websites about Venus and record information for the unit assessment. • http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/solar- system/mercury-article.html • http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/venus.html • http://www.space.com/venus/http://nineplanets.org/venus.html • http://www.solarspace.co.uk/Venus/venus.php
  • 78. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 79. THE SUN
  • 80. THE SUN Mercury
  • 81. THE SUN Mercury Venus
  • 82. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth
  • 83. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars
  • 84. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars
  • 85. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt
  • 86. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt
  • 87. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 88. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 89. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 90. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 91. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 92. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 93. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth. http://science.nationalgeographic .com/science/space/solar- system/mercury-article.html
  • 94.  Area of Focus: Mercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 95. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 96. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 97. • Mercury: Searching for facts online. – Search “Virtual Tour Mercury” – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/mercury.html – http://www.space.com/mercury/ – http://www.seasky.org/solar-system/solar-system-intro.html
  • 98. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 99. Mercury has little to no atmosphere and is heavily cratered
  • 100. • The Caloris Basin. Largest known crater in the solar system.
  • 101. • Symbol – Mercury (Commerce / Speed) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 102. • Symbol – Mercury (Commerce / Speed) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 103. First probe to gather information on this innermost planet
  • 104. First probe to gather information on this innermost planet March 29, 1974
  • 105. If you weighed 100 lbs on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury
  • 106. If you weighed 100 lbs on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury
  • 107. If you weighed 100 lbs on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury
  • 108. • Forget about the planets temperature and lack of atmosphere… – Would you want to go school for a day on Mercury?
  • 109. • Forget about the planets temperature and lack of atmosphere… – Would you want to go school for a day on Mercury? One Day on Mercury =
  • 110. • Forget about the planets temperature and lack of atmosphere… – Would you want to go school for a day on Mercury? One Day on Mercury = 58 days, 15 hours on Earth.
  • 111. • In 2012, Ice was discovered at the pole in places permanently shielded from the sun.
  • 112. • In 2012, Ice was discovered at the pole in places permanently shielded from the sun.
  • 113. • In 2012, Ice was discovered at the pole in places permanently shielded from the sun.
  • 114. • Mercury’s rotation is on a wobble. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 115. • Mercury’s rotation is on a wobble. – As it approaches noon, the sun goes back the way it came, then stops and goes again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 116. • Mercury’s rotation is on a wobble. – As it approaches noon, the sun goes back the way it came, then stops and goes again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 117. • Video Link! Surface of Mercury (Optional) – Nice video that shows how surface data is collected. – Can be music / video during research gathering in several slides. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLstq-vuppQ
  • 118. • Mercury – Close to the sun with no moons. – Little to no atmosphere (heavily cratered) – In the Sun the temperatures can reach 800 F or 420 C, – In the shade, the temperatures can drop to -279 F, -173 C – 88 day year (travels very fast) – 1407 hour day (Very Long Day) Mercury Information: Learn more: http://nineplanets.org/mercury.html
  • 119.  Area of Focus: Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 120. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 121. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 122. • Activity! Visit the websites about Venus and record information for the unit assessment. – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/venus.ht ml – http://www.space.com/venus/http://nineplanets.or g/venus.html – http://www.solarspace.co.uk/Venus/venus.php – http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Venus/VenusP lanet.html
  • 123. • Venus Symbol
  • 124. • Venus: The Goddess of Love and Beauty. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 125. • Brightest object in the sky besides the sun and moon.
  • 126. • Brightest object in the sky besides the sun and moon. Morning Star / Evening Star
  • 127. • Where is Venus?
  • 128. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 129. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 130. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 131. • Which planet is larger, Venus or Earth?
  • 132. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – Venus is considered earth’s sister planet because the two are very similar. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 133. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – Venus is considered Earth’s sister planet because the two are very similar in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 134. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – They also are very close to each other, and have a similar composition and density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 135. • Venus is the closest planet to earth.
  • 136. • How fun would it be to visit Venus?
  • 137. • Venus has a constant temperature of 480 Degrees Celsius or 864°F. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 138. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 139. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 140. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 141. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 142. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 143. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 144. “I can’t breathe.” “It burns.”
  • 145. • Pressure on the surface is 90 times that of Earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 146. • Pressure on the surface is 90 times that of Earth. – Equal to being about a mile under the sea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 147. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit.
  • 148. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up!
  • 149. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up! – The atmosphere is toxic!
  • 150. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up! – The atmosphere is toxic! – The pressure would crush you!
  • 151. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 152. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 153. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 154. • The surface of Venus is rather smooth in many places. – However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains.
  • 155. • The surface of Venus is rather smooth in many places. – However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains. However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains.
  • 156. • Elevation image of Venus
  • 157. • Elevation image of Venus
  • 158. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth,
  • 159. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 160. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 161. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 162. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 163. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 164. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 165. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus Note: no evidence that Maat Mons is currently active.
  • 166. • Canyons on Venus,
  • 167. • Canyons on Venus, – Not as deep as the Grand Canyon.
  • 168. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 169. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 170. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 171. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 172. Day on Venus = 243 Earth Days
  • 173. Day on Venus = 243 Earth Days Year on Venus = 224.7 Earth Days
  • 174. • Video! Visiting the surface of Venus. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ro- EG0ZCvKE
  • 175. • Video Link! Venus: A fly by tour (Animation) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HqFVxWfVtoo
  • 176. • Video Link: Recent lava flow from a volcano on Venus. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHqPpz7vXn U&feature=fvst
  • 177. • Video Link! (Optional) Venus and Mercury, – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73VZT6kj2 UA (44:16 minutes)
  • 178. Some Facts about Venus VENUS Distance from Sun 108 million km (67 million miles) 0.72 AU (Earth=1 AU) Length of Day 243 Earth days Length of Year 224.7 Earth days Temperature 462º degrees Celsius Day or Night. 894º F
  • 179.  New Area of Focus: Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 180. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 181. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, air, – Largest of the inner planets – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 182. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, air, – Largest of the inner planets – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 183. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 184. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 185. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 186. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 187. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 188. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 189. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air. – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 190. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air, – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 191. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air, – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 192. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air, – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation.
  • 193. • Earth – Only planet known to support life. – Complex system of land, water, and air, – Largest of the inner planets. – Densest planet in the solar system. – Oceans (liquid water) can exist. – Atmosphere, 78% Nitrogen and 21% oxygen, shields from radiation and keeps the planet’s temperature just right. – Inner core helps create a magnetic field which protects the planet from radiation. The earths EM field may be fading: Reading Article from National Geographic http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/0 9/0909_040909_earthmagfield.html
  • 194. • Video Link! Planet Earth (Optional) – Just enjoy this one. Earth is by far the most amazing planet. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jdsmh6gBB9Q Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 195. Some Facts about Earth Earth Distance from Sun 93,000,000 miles or 149,597,891 km Length of Day 23 hours 56 minutes Length of Year 365 Days, 6 hours, 16 minutes Temperature 15°C Average. Hottest 70.7°C Coldest -89.2 C
  • 196. • Thought Question about Earth? – What if the Earth rotated on its axis once every 243 days like on Venus?
  • 197. • Thought Question about Earth? – What if the Earth rotated on its axis once every 243 days like on Venus? How would plants grow? What would we eat? How hot would it get in the summer? How cold in the winter? Would the poles freeze? How would winds and weather be different?
  • 198. • Thought Question about Earth? – What if the Earth rotated on its axis once every 243 days like on Venus? How would plants grow? What would we eat? How hot would it get in the summer? How cold in the winter? Would the poles freeze? How would winds and weather be different? Would we even be here?
  • 199. • Thought Question about Earth? – What if the Earth rotated on its axis once every 243 days like on Venus? How would plants grow? What would we eat? How hot would it get in the summer? How cold in the winter? Would the poles freeze? How would winds and weather be different? Would we even be here?
  • 200. • Thought Question about Earth? – What if the Earth rotated on its axis once every 243 days like on Venus? How would plants grow? What would we eat? How hot would it get in the summer? How cold in the winter? Would the poles freeze? How would winds and weather be different? Would we even be here? The answer is no.
  • 201. • Symbol for Earth.
  • 202. • Which is the shape of Earth?
  • 203. • Which is the shape of Earth? answer is…
  • 204. • Which is the shape of Earth? answer is…
  • 205. If you weighed a 100 lbs on this planet? You would weigh 100 pounds
  • 206. If you weighed a 100 lbs on this planet? You would weigh 100 pounds
  • 207. If you weighed a 100 lbs on this planet? You would weigh 100 pounds
  • 208. • Earth Available Sheet, Formation, Seasons, EM Field, Phases of the Moon.
  • 209. • Earth Available Sheet, Formation, Seasons, EM Field, Phases of the Moon.
  • 210. • How did the moon get here / form?
  • 211. • Theories on how moon was formed? – The Fission Theory: The Moon was once part of the Earth and somehow separated from the Earth early in the history of the Solar System. The present Pacific Ocean basin is the most popular site for the part of the Earth from which the Moon came. – The Capture Theory: The Moon was formed somewhere else, and was later captured by the gravitational field of the earth. – The Condensation Theory: The Moon and the Earth condensed together from the original nebula that formed the Solar System. – The Colliding Planetesimals Theory: The interaction of earth- orbiting and Sun-orbiting planetesimals (very large chunks of rocks like asteroids) early in the history of the Solar System led to their breakup. The Moon condensed from this debris. – The Ejected Ring Theory: A planetesimal the size of Mars struck the earth, ejecting large volumes of matter. A disk of orbiting material was formed, and this matter eventually condensed to form the Moon in orbit around the earth.
  • 212. • Theories on how moon was formed? – The Fission Theory: The Moon was once part of the Earth and somehow separated from the Earth early in the history of the Solar System. The present Pacific Ocean basin is the most popular site for the part of the Earth from which the Moon came. – The Capture Theory: The Moon was formed somewhere else, and was later captured by the gravitational field of the earth. – The Condensation Theory: The Moon and the Earth condensed together from the original nebula that formed the Solar System. – The Colliding Planetesimals Theory: The interaction of earth- orbiting and Sun-orbiting planetesimals (very large chunks of rocks like asteroids) early in the history of the Solar System led to their breakup. The Moon condensed from this debris. – The Ejected Ring Theory: A planetesimal the size of Mars struck the earth, ejecting large volumes of matter. A disk of orbiting material was formed, and this matter eventually condensed to form the Moon in orbit around the earth.
  • 213. Theories on moon formation, Learn more: http://www.universetoday.com/47996/how- was-the-moon-formed/
  • 214. • Video Link! Formation of the moon. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibV4MdN5wo0
  • 215. • Video Link! Formation of the Moon – Longer Version – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m8P5ujNwEwM
  • 216. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer.
  • 217. • It’s warmer in summer time because… – A.) The sun increases its energy during the summer. – B.) The earth is closer to the sun in the summer and further away in the winter. – C.) The greenhouse effect is intensified as plants grow more in the summer. – D.) The axial tilt of the planet at 23.5º causes the seasons as more direct light hits our area of the planet during this time. – E.) Ocean currents from the polar regions do not flow south during the summer.
  • 218. • Earth Available Sheet, Formation, Seasons, EM Field, Phases of the Moon.
  • 219. • Many college students think the earth is closer to the sun in the summer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 220. • Many college students think the earth is closer to the sun in the summer. WRONG! The earth is further away. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 221. • The earths orbit is elliptical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 222. • The earths orbit is elliptical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 152,400,000 km 147,600,000 km
  • 223. • The earths orbit is elliptical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 152,400,000 km 147,600,000 km
  • 224. • The earths orbit is elliptical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 152,400,000 km 147,600,000 km
  • 225. • The earths orbit is elliptical. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy 152,400,000 km 147,600,000 km
  • 226. The Sun Closer in the Winter
  • 227. The Sun Closer in the Winter The Sun Is further away in summer
  • 228. More Direct
  • 229. More Direct Less Direct
  • 230. More Direct Less Direct Glancing Winter
  • 231. More Direct Less Direct Glancing Summer Winter
  • 232. • The axial tilt causes the sun to be lower in the sky.
  • 233. • The axial tilt causes the sun to be lower in the sky. – The length of the day is also shorter during winter in the Northern hemisphere.
  • 234. • Why are Alaska and Canada cold places? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 235. • On what latitudes are the warmest temperatures on Earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 236. • On what latitudes are the warmest temperatures on Earth? Oº degrees Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 237. • At what latitudes is the temperature coolest on the earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 238. • At what latitudes is the temperature coolest on the earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy From 90º N and S to 45º N and S
  • 239. • At what latitudes is the temperature coolest on the earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy From 90º N and S to 45º N and S
  • 240. • Activity Link! Watch video and conduct activity if desired. (Optional) – http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/video/2012/no v/02/science-demonstration-changing-seasons- video1
  • 241. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice)
  • 242. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date has the shortest day?
  • 243. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date has the shortest day?
  • 244. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date has the shortest day?
  • 245. • The winter solstice
  • 246. • The winter solstice
  • 247. • The winter solstice is the moment when the earth is at a point in its orbit where one hemisphere is most inclined away from the sun.
  • 248. • The winter solstice is the moment when the earth is at a point in its orbit where one hemisphere is most inclined away from the sun. – Shortest day and longest night of the year (Around December 21st)
  • 249. • Diagram showing Stonehenge at the beginning of the summer solstice. 24 sec video at.. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vYyydFSrq2Q
  • 250. • Diagram showing Stonehenge at the beginning of the summer solstice. –
  • 251. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date do you feel has the longest day of the year?
  • 252. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date do you feel has the longest day of the year? Summer solstice is when axial tilt is most inclined towards the sun (June 21st ish)
  • 253. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date do you feel has the longest day of the year? Summer solstice is when axial tilt is most inclined towards the sun (June 21st ish)
  • 254. • Solstice: Either the shortest day of the year (winter solstice) or the longest day of the year (summer solstice) What date do you feel has the longest day of the year? Summer solstice is when axial tilt is most inclined towards the sun (June 21st ish)
  • 255. • This is a 2,300 year old solar observatory in Peru.
  • 256. • This is a 2,300 year old solar observatory in Peru.
  • 257. • This is a 2,300 year old solar observatory in Peru.
  • 258. • Video Link! Winter Solstice at Newgrange in Ireland (Optional) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ngADMns8W78
  • 259. • Is this a winter solstice or summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere?
  • 260. • Is this a winter solstice or summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere?
  • 261. • Is this a winter solstice or summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere?
  • 262. • Is this a winter solstice or summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere?
  • 263. • Which is winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and which is summer solstice?
  • 264. • Which is winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and which is summer solstice?
  • 265. • Which is winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and which is summer solstice?
  • 266. • Which is winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and which is summer solstice?
  • 267. • Which is winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and which is summer solstice?
  • 268. • Which is winter solstice in the northern hemisphere and which is summer solstice?
  • 269. • Different parts of the world have seasons at different months of the year. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 270. • This is a ski resort in New Zealand during our summer? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 271. • Equinox: Either of the two times each year (about March 21 and September 23) when the sun crosses the equator.
  • 272. • Equinox: Either of the two times each year (about March 21 and September 23) when the sun crosses the equator. – Day and night are everywhere on earth equal in length.
  • 273. • Equinox: When the sun crosses the celestial equator, when day and night are of equal length
  • 274. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 275. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 276. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 277. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 278. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 279. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 280. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 281. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 282. • Which is, equinox, winter solstice in the northern hemisphere, and which is summer solstice?
  • 283. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 284. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 285. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 286. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 287. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 288. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 289. • Which letter is the winter solstice, equinox, and which is the summer solstice?
  • 290. West East North South
  • 291. West East North South
  • 292. West East North South Dec 21st
  • 293. West East North South Dec 21st March 21
  • 294. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21
  • 295. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Winter Solstice
  • 296. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice
  • 297. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice
  • 298. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice
  • 299. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice
  • 300. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice Zenith: The point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer.
  • 301. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice Zenith: The point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer. Spring Equinox
  • 302. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice Zenith: The point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer. Spring Equinox
  • 303. West East North South Dec 21st March 21 June 21 Summer Solstice Winter Solstice Zenith: The point on the celestial sphere vertically above a given position or observer. Spring Equinox
  • 304. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 305. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 306. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 307. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 308. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 309. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 310. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 311. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 312. Name the season for Mr. Pink
  • 313. Northern Hemisphere
  • 314. More direct light
  • 315. More direct light
  • 316. More direct light
  • 317. More direct light
  • 318. More direct light
  • 319. More direct light
  • 320. More direct light
  • 321. More direct light
  • 322. More direct light
  • 323.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 324.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 325.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 326.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 327.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 328.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 329.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 330.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 331.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 332.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 333.  The tilt of the earth’s axis 23.5 degrees Summer = Northern Hemisphere is tilted into more direct light. Winter = Northern Hemisphere tilts away from the direct light. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 334. • Seasons simulator (Optional) and Quiz – http://highered.mcgraw- hill.com/sites/007299181x/student_view0/chapter 2/seasons_interactive.html
  • 335. • The season are caused by three factors.
  • 336. • The season are caused by three factors. 1.) Revolution of Earth around the Sun.
  • 337. • The season are caused by three factors. 1.) Revolution of Earth around the Sun. 2.) Tilt of the Earths axis
  • 338. • The season are caused by three factors. 1.) Revolution of Earth around the Sun. 2.) Tilt of the Earths axis 3.) Parallelism of the axis.
  • 339. • The season are caused by three factors. 1.) Revolution of Earth around the Sun. 2.) Tilt of the Earths axis 3.) Parallelism of the axis.
  • 340. • The season are caused by three factors. 1.) Revolution of Earth around the Sun. 2.) Tilt of the Earths axis 3.) Parallelism of the axis.
  • 341. I“I’ve graduated college.”
  • 342. I “It’s summer because the Earth is closer to the Sun!”
  • 343. I “It’s summer because the Earth is closer to the Sun!”
  • 344. I“What?”
  • 345. Learn more about the seasons and axial tilt at… http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/climate /cli_seasons.html
  • 346. • Video Link! What causes the seasons? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NweLxtmnzv4
  • 347. • Video Link! Axial Tilt Khan Academy – Optional (Advanced) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05qDIjKevJo
  • 348. • You can now complete this question.
  • 349.  New Area of Focus: The Earth’s Electromagnetic Field. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 350.  New Area of Focus: The Earth’s Electromagnetic Field. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 351. • The spinning inner cores of solid and liquid iron creates a giant electromagnetic field around our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 352. • The spinning inner cores of solid and liquid iron creates a giant electromagnetic field around our planet. Without it, earth is… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 353. • The spinning inner cores of solid and liquid iron creates a giant electromagnetic field around our planet. Without it, earth is… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 354. • Electric Fields: The funky area near any electrically-charged object. – Replace electrostatic for funky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 355. • Electric Fields: The funky area near any electrically-charged object. – Replace electrostatic for funky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 356. • Electric Fields: The funky area near any electrically-charged object. – Replace electrostatic for funky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 357. • Visit a magnetic field simulator. http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/mag nets-and-electromagnets
  • 358. • Earth Available Sheet, Formation, Seasons, EM Field, Phases of the Moon.
  • 359. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field.
  • 360. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. EM Field refers to Electromagnetic
  • 361. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. EM Field refers to Electromagnetic
  • 362. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Pass out a paper plate to everyone. – Draw a Earth about the size of a golf ball in the center. – Spread iron filings all around the plate.
  • 363. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created.
  • 364. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings.
  • 365. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings.
  • 366. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings.
  • 367. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings. Copy your sketch into you science journal and label as the EM Field
  • 368. • Electromagnetic field protects the earth from charged particles. – It also creates the Aurora borealis (Northern Lights)
  • 369. Earths EM field. Learn more: http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/poetry/ magnetism/magnetism.html
  • 370. • Video Link. Aurora borealis – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FcfWsj9OnsI – It needs music http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPFr1nVwwsA
  • 371.  New Area of Focus: The
  • 372.  New Area of Focus: The Moon
  • 373. • Real Scale of Earth and Moon
  • 374. • Real Scale of Earth and Moon Earth
  • 375. • Real Scale of Earth and Moon Earth Moon
  • 376. • Real Scale of Earth and Moon Earth Moon
  • 377. • Real Scale of Earth and Moon Earth Moon If you're measuring the center-to-center distance from the earth to the Moon, the distance would be about 384,403 kilometers/238,857 miles.
  • 378. • Real Scale of Earth and Moon Earth Moon If you're measuring the center-to-center distance from the earth to the Moon, the distance would be about 384,403 kilometers/238,857 miles. Activity! If you want to see the size and scale the earth could be a basketball and the moon a tennis ball and the distance between the two would be 6.4 meters or 21 feet.
  • 379. • Are you ready to see the other side of the moon?
  • 380. • Are you ready to see the other side of the moon? I can’t hear you….
  • 381. • Are you ready to see the other side of the moon? I can’t hear you….
  • 382. • What direction does the moon rotate? • The same or opposite as earth.
  • 383. • What direction does the moon rotate? • The same or opposite as earth. Answer:
  • 384. • It takes the moon the same amount of time to rotate around once as it does for the moon to go around the earth once. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 385. • It takes the moon the same amount of time to rotate around once as it does for the moon to go around the earth once. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy It takes the moon about 27.3 Earth days to rotate once.
  • 386. • It takes the moon the same amount of time to rotate around once as it does for the moon to go around the earth once. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy It takes the moon about 27.3 Earth days to rotate once. It takes about 27.3 Earth days for the moon to go around the earth once.
  • 387. • It takes the moon the same amount of time to rotate around once as it does for the moon to go around the earth once. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy It takes the moon about 27.3 Earth days to rotate once. It takes about 27.3 Earth days for the moon to go around the earth once.
  • 388. • It takes the moon the same amount of time to rotate around once as it does for the moon to go around the earth once. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy It takes the moon about 27.3 Earth days to rotate once. It takes about 27.3 Earth days for the moon to go around the earth once.
  • 389. • It takes the moon the same amount of time to rotate around once as it does for the moon to go around the earth once. – Therefore, earth-bound observers can never see the 'far-side' of the moon. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy It takes the moon about 27.3 Earth days to rotate once. It takes about 27.3 Earth days for the moon to go around the earth once.
  • 390. • Video! Synchronous Orbit of the earth and the moon. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZIB_leg75Q
  • 391. • The moon use to rotate faster but has slowed down and become locked gravitationally with the earth.
  • 392. • The moon is also moving further away from the earth each year. – About 4 cm a year.
  • 393. “See you Earth, Nice knowing you.”
  • 394. • As the moon gets further away from earth it will slow down its movement away.
  • 395. • As the moon gets further away from earth it will slow down its movement away. – It will eventually stabilize at 1.6 the distance of today.
  • 396. • This will take 15 Billion years!
  • 397. • The Sun will become a red giant in only 5 Billion years destroying both the moon and the earth.
  • 398. • What’s the man of the moon all about?
  • 399. • The man is a series of craters that creates a face.
  • 400.  New Area of Focus: Phases of the Moon Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 401. View from Earth
  • 402. What you see
  • 403. Waxing Crescent
  • 404. Waxing Crescent
  • 405. Waxing Crescent
  • 406. Waxing Crescent First Quarter
  • 407. Waxing Crescent First Quarter
  • 408. Waxing Crescent First Quarter
  • 409. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous
  • 410. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous
  • 411. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous
  • 412. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full
  • 413. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full
  • 414. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full
  • 415. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous
  • 416. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous
  • 417. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous
  • 418. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter
  • 419. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter
  • 420. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter
  • 421. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent
  • 422. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent
  • 423. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 424. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 425. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 426. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 427. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 428. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 429. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 430. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 431. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 432. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 433. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 434. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 435. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 436. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 437. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 438. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 439. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 440. Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Waning Gibbous Last Quarter Waning Crescent Name the phase
  • 441. • Phases of the moon simulators. – http://aspire.cosmic- ray.org/labs/moon/lunar_phase3.swf
  • 442. • Earth Available Sheet, Formation, Seasons, EM Field, Phases of the Moon.
  • 443. Sun Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 444. Sun Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Moon as observed from Earth
  • 445. Sun Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 446. Sun Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 447. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 448. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 449. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 450. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 451. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 452. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 453. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 454. • New Moon
  • 455. • Waxing Crescent
  • 456. • First Quarter
  • 457. • Waxing Gibbous
  • 458. • Full Moon
  • 459. • Waning Gibbous
  • 460. • Third Quarter
  • 461. • Waning Crescent
  • 462. • New Moon
  • 463. • Waxing Crescent
  • 464. • First Quarter
  • 465. • Waxing Gibbous
  • 466. • Full Moon
  • 467. • Waning Gibbous
  • 468. • Third Quarter
  • 469. • Waning Crescent
  • 470. • New Moon
  • 471. • New Moon
  • 472. • Waxing Crescent
  • 473. • Waxing Crescent
  • 474. • First Quarter
  • 475. • First Quarter
  • 476. • Waxing Gibbous
  • 477. • Waxing Gibbous
  • 478. • Full Moon
  • 479. • Full Moon
  • 480. • Waning Gibbous
  • 481. • Waning Gibbous
  • 482. • Third Quarter
  • 483. • Third Quarter
  • 484. • Waning Crescent
  • 485. • Waning Crescent
  • 486. • New Moon
  • 487. • New Moon
  • 488. • Recommendation! Hand sanitizing time.
  • 489. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 490. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 491. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 492. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 493. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate Not on axis!
  • 494. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate Draw earth in middle of plate on axis
  • 495. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 496. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 497. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 498. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 499. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 500. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 501. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate
  • 502. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon
  • 503. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon
  • 504. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent
  • 505. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent
  • 506. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter
  • 507. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter
  • 508. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous
  • 509. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous
  • 510. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon
  • 511. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon
  • 512. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous
  • 513. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous
  • 514. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Third Quarter or Last Quarter
  • 515. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Third Quarter or Last Quarter
  • 516. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Third Quarter or Last Quarter Waning Crescent
  • 517. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Third Quarter or Last Quarter Waning Crescent
  • 518. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Third Quarter or Last Quarter Waning Crescent
  • 519. • Activity! Phases of the Moon with OREOS Draw earth on paper plate New Moon Waxing Crescent First Quarter Waxing Gibbous Full Moon Waning Gibbous Third Quarter or Last Quarter Waning Crescent
  • 520. • Video Link! Phases of the Moon, Eclipses, – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nXseTWTZlks
  • 521. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 522. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 523. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 524. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 525. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 526. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 527. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 528. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 529. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. New First Quarter Full Third Quarter
  • 530. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 531. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 532. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 533. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 534. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 535. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 536. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 537. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 538. • Activity! Match the phase of the moon to the correct picture. Waxing Gibbous First Quarter Waning Crescent Third Quarter A B C D
  • 539. • Activity! Arrange the Moons so they fit next to the correct term. New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent On the next slide teacher needs to minimize out of slideshow. Teacher will assist a group of students as they pretend to move the moon into the correct position. Teacher controls actual movement on their computer.
  • 540. New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent
  • 541. • Activity! Arrange the Moons so they fit next to the correct term. Answer! New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent
  • 542. New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent
  • 543. • Activity! Arrange the Moons so they fit next to the correct term. Answer! New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent
  • 544. New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent
  • 545. • Activity! Arrange the Moons so they fit next to the correct term. Answer! New Full First Quarter Third Quarter Waxing Crescent Waxing Gibbous Waning Gibbous Waning Crescent
  • 546. • This is a freaky picture of full moon inside of a new moon inside of a full moon.
  • 547. • This is a freaky picture of full moon inside of a new moon inside of a full moon.
  • 548. • This is a freaky picture of full moon inside of a new moon inside of a full moon.
  • 549. • New Moon
  • 550. • New Moon
  • 551. • Waxing Crescent
  • 552. • Waxing Crescent
  • 553. • First Quarter
  • 554. • First Quarter
  • 555. • Waxing Gibbous
  • 556. • Waxing Gibbous
  • 557. • Full Moon
  • 558. • Full Moon
  • 559. • Waning Gibbous
  • 560. • Waning Gibbous
  • 561. • Third Quarter
  • 562. • Third Quarter
  • 563. • Waning Crescent
  • 564. • Waning Crescent
  • 565. • New Moon
  • 566. • New Moon
  • 567. . Phases of the moon. Learn more at… http://www.moonconnection.com/moon_ph ases.phtml
  • 568. • What’s a syzygy?
  • 569. • What’s a syzygy? – The nearly straight-line configuration of three celestial bodies (as the sun, moon, and earth during a solar or lunar eclipse) in a gravitational system. Pronounce at: http://www.howjsay.com/index.php?word=syzygy
  • 570. • In lunar calendars, a lunar month is the time between two identical syzygies (new moons or full moons). – 1 lunar month = 29.53059 days
  • 571. • Was this famous Ansel Adams photograph taken on September 15th, 1958…Let’s see by visiting a lunar calendar website. – http://stardate.org/nightsky/moon
  • 572. • Was this famous Ansel Adams photograph taken on September 15th, 1958…Let’s see by visiting a lunar calendar website. – http://stardate.org/nightsky/moon
  • 573. • Activity! Visiting a lunar calendar website to see what the phase of the moon will be in…? http://stardate.org/nightsky/moon – Pick a few dates in the future or past. – - – -
  • 574.  Tides: The rising of Earth's ocean surface caused by the gravitational forces of the Moon and the Sun acting on the oceans. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 575.  Tides: The rising of Earth's ocean surface caused by the gravitational forces of the Moon and the Sun acting on the oceans. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Gravity: