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Inner Planets Astronomy Lesson PowerPoint, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars,

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, …

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Astronomy Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 8 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow and meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and follow up questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation. Teaching Duration = 5+ weeks. Areas of Focus in the Astronomy Topics Unit: The Solar System and the Sun, Order of the Planets, Our Sun, Life Cycle of a Star, Size of Stars, Solar Eclipse, Lunar Eclipse, The Inner Planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Moon, Craters, Tides, Phases of the Moon, Mars and Moons, Rocketry, Asteroid Belt, NEOs, The Torino Scale, The Outer Planets and Gas Giants, Jupiter / Moons, Saturn / Moons, Uranus / Moons, Neptune / Moons, Pluto's Demotion, The Kuiper Belt, Oort Cloud, Comets / Other, Beyond the Solar System, Types of Galaxies, Blackholes, Extrasolar Planets, The Big Bang, Dark Matter, Dark Energy, The Special Theory of Relativity, Hubble Space Telescope, Constellations, Spacetime and much more. If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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  • 1. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 3. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 4. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 5. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 6. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 7. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 8. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 9. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 10. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 11. • This unit will also cover.. • Learning the Inner Planets • The Habitable Zone • Astronomical Units • Focus on Mercury • Focus on Venus • Focus on Earth • Axial Tilt / Seasons • Synchronous Orbit of the Moon • Phases of the Moon
  • 12. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 13. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 14. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 15. • This unit will also cover.. • Tidal Forces • The Apollo Missions • Focus on Mars • Exploration of Mars • Space Race • Rocketry • Space Shuttle Program • Forces in Rocketry • Parts of a Rocket • Building Soda Bottle Rockets
  • 16. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 17. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 18. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 19. • Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. – He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 20. • Keep an eye out for “The-Owl” and raise your hand as soon as you see him. – He will be hiding somewhere in the slideshow “Hoot, Hoot” “Good Luck!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 21.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 22.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 23.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 24.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 25.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 26.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 27.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 28.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 29.  New Area of Focus: The Inner Planets. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 30. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 31. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 32. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 33. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 34. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 35. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 36. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus MarsMercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 37. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus MarsMercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 38. • Can you name the inner planets by sight? – Give it a shot below. Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 39. • Which planet rotates opposite of all the others? Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 40. • Which planet rotates opposite of all the others? Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 41. • Which planet rotates opposite of all the others? Venus MarsMercury Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 42. • Can you do it one more time? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 43. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 44. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 45. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 46. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 47. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 48. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Mars Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 49. • Can you do it one more time? Mercury Venus Mars Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 50. On the next slide, teacher to minimize out of slideshow and assist students in dragging inner planets to their correct order.
  • 51. Answer:
  • 52. Answer:
  • 53. • What is the connection between this story and the planet earth? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 54. • Answer! The distance to planet Earth from the Sun is just right. Not to hot, and not to cold. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 55. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 56. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 57. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 58. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 59. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 60. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 61. • Which planets are too hot, too cold, and just right? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 62.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 63.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 64.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  150 Million Kilometers or Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 65.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  150 Million Kilometers or  1 AU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 66.  AU = Astronomical Unit, Distance from Earth to the Sun.  93 Million Miles or  150 Million Kilometers or  1 AU Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 67. How units in astronomy are measured, Learn More: http://www.telescope.org/nuffield_21_sci/astrounits.htm
  • 68. • What planet am I? I am about 9.5 AU from the sun.
  • 69. • What planet am I? I am about 9.5 AU from the sun.
  • 70. • What planet am I? I am about .7 AU from the sun.
  • 71. • What planet am I? I am about .7 AU from the sun.
  • 72. • What planet am I? I am about .7 AU from the sun.
  • 73. • Inner Planets – Mercury, Venus, Earth,
  • 74. • What’s inside?
  • 75. • Activity! Gathering information about the Sun and the Inner Planets. – Please create two pages in your journal of the next slide. – Please Google “Virtual Tour Solar System” – Record important factoids about each of the inner planets. – The more information the better. • 5 would be the absolute minimal per planet.
  • 76. • Mercury: Searching for facts online. – Search “Virtual Tour Mercury” – http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science /space/solar-system/mercury-article.html – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/merc ury.html – http://www.space.com/mercury/ – http://www.seasky.org/solar-system/solar- system-intro.html
  • 77. • Activity! Visit the websites about Venus and record information for the unit assessment. • http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/space/solar- system/mercury-article.html • http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/venus.html • http://www.space.com/venus/http://nineplanets.org/venus.html • http://www.solarspace.co.uk/Venus/venus.php
  • 78. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 79. THE SUN
  • 80. THE SUN Mercury
  • 81. THE SUN Mercury Venus
  • 82. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth
  • 83. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars
  • 84. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars
  • 85. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt
  • 86. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt
  • 87. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 88. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 89. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 90. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 91. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 92. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 93. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth. http://science.nationalgeographic .com/science/space/solar- system/mercury-article.html
  • 94.  Area of Focus: Mercury Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 95. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 96. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 97. • Mercury: Searching for facts online. – Search “Virtual Tour Mercury” – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/mercury.html – http://www.space.com/mercury/ – http://www.seasky.org/solar-system/solar-system-intro.html
  • 98. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 99. Mercury has little to no atmosphere and is heavily cratered
  • 100. • The Caloris Basin. Largest known crater in the solar system.
  • 101. • Symbol – Mercury (Commerce / Speed) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 102. • Symbol – Mercury (Commerce / Speed) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 103. First probe to gather information on this innermost planet
  • 104. First probe to gather information on this innermost planet March 29, 1974
  • 105. If you weighed 100 lbs on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury
  • 106. If you weighed 100 lbs on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury
  • 107. If you weighed 100 lbs on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury
  • 108. • Forget about the planets temperature and lack of atmosphere… – Would you want to go school for a day on Mercury?
  • 109. • Forget about the planets temperature and lack of atmosphere… – Would you want to go school for a day on Mercury? One Day on Mercury =
  • 110. • Forget about the planets temperature and lack of atmosphere… – Would you want to go school for a day on Mercury? One Day on Mercury = 58 days, 15 hours on Earth.
  • 111. • In 2012, Ice was discovered at the pole in places permanently shielded from the sun.
  • 112. • In 2012, Ice was discovered at the pole in places permanently shielded from the sun.
  • 113. • In 2012, Ice was discovered at the pole in places permanently shielded from the sun.
  • 114. • Mercury’s rotation is on a wobble. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 115. • Mercury’s rotation is on a wobble. – As it approaches noon, the sun goes back the way it came, then stops and goes again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 116. • Mercury’s rotation is on a wobble. – As it approaches noon, the sun goes back the way it came, then stops and goes again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 117. • Video Link! Surface of Mercury (Optional) – Nice video that shows how surface data is collected. – Can be music / video during research gathering in several slides. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qLstq-vuppQ
  • 118. • Mercury – Close to the sun with no moons. – Little to no atmosphere (heavily cratered) – In the Sun the temperatures can reach 800 F or 420 C, – In the shade, the temperatures can drop to -279 F, -173 C – 88 day year (travels very fast) – 1407 hour day (Very Long Day) Mercury Information: Learn more: http://nineplanets.org/mercury.html
  • 119.  Area of Focus: Venus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 120. • Activity Sheet Available: Research Inner Planets.
  • 121. THE SUN Mercury Venus Earth Mars Asteroid Belt Mercury is a small, rocky planet. ~ Mercury has been visited by the Mariner 10 spacecraft. Mariner 10 has mapped a little less than half (45%) of Mercury's surface. ~ Scientists think that there may be *volcanic activity* on Mercury. They are still studying information sent to Earth from the Mariner spacecraft to make sure. ~ The temperature on Mercury ranges from 90 K to 700 K. Venus is a small, rocky planetblanketed in a thick layer of yellowish clouds. These clouds are not made of water (like the ones here on Earth). Instead, they are formed from a poison called sulfuric acid. ~ Venus' surface is very hot - about 400 degrees Celsius! ~ Even though Venus is very cloudy, it's simply *too hot* for rain to form. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Venus was Mariner 2 in 1962. Venus has since been visited by more than 20 spacecraft in all so far! Some of these visiting spacecraft include: Pioneer Venus, Venera 7, Venera 9 and Magellan. Earth is a small, rocky planet which supports a variety of life! As far as we know, Earth is unique from all other planets in this respect. ~ Temperatures at the Earth's center (called the "core") may be as high as 7500 K - That's hotter than the surface of the Sun! ~ The Earth is the densest major body in the solar system. This means that it's the most "compact" of all the planets. For example, you have two loaves of bread, both of the same amount. You smash one loaf of bread flat. Even though both loaves are of the same amount, the smashed bread is *denser* because it is more compact. The Earth is 4.5 to 4.6 billion years old, but the oldest known rocks are less than 4 billion years old. Rocks older than 3 billion years are rare. The oldest fossils of living organisms are less than 3.9 billion years old! ~ The Earth is orbited by one moon. Mars is a small, rocky planet which is cold and lifeless. ~ The first spacecraft to visit Mars was Mariner 4 in 1965. Several others followed including the two Viking landers in 1976. After a long break, Mars Pathfinder landed successfully on Mars on July 4, 1997. ~ Mars has permanent ice caps at both poles made up mostly of solid carbon dioxide. We know this as "dry ice." ~ Very strong winds and vast dust storms sometimes blow through the entire planet for months! ~ Mars has two tiny moons which orbit very close to the surface. Their names are Phobos and Deimos. The Sun is by far the largest object in the solar system. It contains more than 99.8% of the total mass of the Solar System. All energy for our solar system comes from the sun. Check out the Corona Ejections The Sun is, at present, about 70% hydrogen and 28% helium by mass everything else ("metals") amounts to less than 2%. The sun is approximately 93 million miles from Earth.
  • 122. • Activity! Visit the websites about Venus and record information for the unit assessment. – http://www.wwiaviation.com/wavelength/venus.ht ml – http://www.space.com/venus/http://nineplanets.or g/venus.html – http://www.solarspace.co.uk/Venus/venus.php – http://www.spacetoday.org/SolSys/Venus/VenusP lanet.html
  • 123. • Venus Symbol
  • 124. • Venus: The Goddess of Love and Beauty. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 125. • Brightest object in the sky besides the sun and moon.
  • 126. • Brightest object in the sky besides the sun and moon. Morning Star / Evening Star
  • 127. • Where is Venus?
  • 128. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 129. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 130. • Where is Venus? answer is…
  • 131. • Which planet is larger, Venus or Earth?
  • 132. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – Venus is considered earth’s sister planet because the two are very similar. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 133. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – Venus is considered Earth’s sister planet because the two are very similar in size. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 134. • Answer! The earth is slightly larger, but the two are very close. – They also are very close to each other, and have a similar composition and density. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 135. • Venus is the closest planet to earth.
  • 136. • How fun would it be to visit Venus?
  • 137. • Venus has a constant temperature of 480 Degrees Celsius or 864°F. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 138. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 139. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 140. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 141. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 142. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 143. • Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system because of the greenhouse effect. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 144. “I can’t breathe.” “It burns.”
  • 145. • Pressure on the surface is 90 times that of Earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 146. • Pressure on the surface is 90 times that of Earth. – Equal to being about a mile under the sea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 147. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit.
  • 148. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up!
  • 149. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up! – The atmosphere is toxic!
  • 150. • Venus would not be a planet that you would want to visit. – You would burn up! – The atmosphere is toxic! – The pressure would crush you!
  • 151. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 152. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 153. • Thick Clouds created a mystery for many years.
  • 154. • The surface of Venus is rather smooth in many places. – However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains.
  • 155. • The surface of Venus is rather smooth in many places. – However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains. However, astronomers have found evidence for many of the same geological features found on Earth: canyons, volcanoes, lava flows, rift valleys, mountains, craters, and plains.
  • 156. • Elevation image of Venus
  • 157. • Elevation image of Venus
  • 158. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth,
  • 159. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 160. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 161. • Elevation image of Venus If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh 88 pounds on Venus.
  • 162. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 163. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 164. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus
  • 165. • Picture of Maat Mons, – The largest volcano on Venus Note: no evidence that Maat Mons is currently active.
  • 166. • Canyons on Venus,
  • 167. • Canyons on Venus, – Not as deep as the Grand Canyon.
  • 168. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 169. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 170. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 171. • The planet also rotates in a opposite rotation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 172. Day on Venus = 243 Earth Days