• You can now complete this question.
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
-Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations
when appropriate.
-Example of indent.
-Skip a line between topics
-...
• RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very
important and should be recorded in your
science journal.
• BLACK SLIDE: Pay at...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
New Area of Focus: Rivers and Flooding.New Area of Focus: Rivers and Flooding.
• Share! Please share an experience
caused by flooding.
Floods are when more precipitation isFloods are when more precipitation is
delivered to a drainage basin than can bedeliv...
• Flooding causes more damage, and costs
more money than all other natural disasters
combined.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mu...
• Much of that comes from disease and
difficult living conditions post flood.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Why do diseases emerge after a flood?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! Unsanitary drinking water
– Contamination from waste, increase in insects /
pathogens.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. ...
Flooding Dangers / health plan. Learn more at…
http://www.epa.gov/naturalevents/flooding.html
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Sound effects required for the next
couple of slides.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=k0gsduLrfSU
Factors that control flooding.Factors that control flooding.
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Rainfall Intensity: The rate of rainfall.Rainfall Intensity: The rate of rainfall.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Duration: How long the rainfall lasts.Duration: How long the rainfall lasts.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
What would cause a flash flood?
Think of the two factors that control
flooding.
• Answer! Usually a large intensity of rain in a
short duration.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Other flooding can be caused with a small
intensity of rain over a long period of time.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! (Optional) Thunderstorm in the
Classroom. (Sound Effects Off)
• Teacher will go to the middle of the circle
an...
• Absolute Silence
• Rubbing hands together.
• Soft clicking / snap with fingers.
• Soft Clapping with hands.
• Clap on th...
• You can now complete this question.
Flash Flood: A flood that occurs within aFlash Flood: A flood that occurs within a
few hours (usually less than six) of h...
• Video Link! Flash Flood
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MIQrSH6LMgA
• You’re late for an important event and
come to this flooding river.
–Is this a safe crossing?
“Help”
“Help”
HLOKITTY
• You are late for an important event and
come to this flooding river.
– Is this a safe crossing?
• You are late for an important event and
come to this flooding river.
– Is this a safe crossing?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You are late for an important event and
come to this flooding river.
– Is this a safe crossing?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You are late for an important event and
come to this flooding river.
– Is this a safe crossing?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P....
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
“I’m not sure so
the best thing to
do is not to
cross.”
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• What’s so dangerous about a low water
crossing?
• Your car will float for a bit, You can’t steer,
accelerate or break. T...
• What’s so dangerous about a low water
crossing?
• Your car is a boat. Once you start to float
you can’t steer, accelerat...
• Video Link! Low Water Crossing.
– Caution! Extremely Dangerous.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=nsqoI7okZhg&feature=re...
• Question: Should they have crossed?
• Question: Should they have crossed?
• Question: Should they have crossed?
• Question: Should they have crossed?
• Don’t let this happen to you.
– Avoid low water crossings. Wait until the road
is safe or find another way around.
Copyr...
• You can now complete this question.
Flooding along rivers is a natural and
inevitable part of life. Some floods
occur seasonally when…
Flooding along rivers is a natural and
inevitable part of life. Some floods
occur seasonally when…
-Winter or spring rains...
Flooding along rivers is a natural and
inevitable part of life. Some floods
occur seasonally when…
-Winter or spring rains...
Ice Jam: Floating ice can accumulate at aIce Jam: Floating ice can accumulate at a
natural or man-made obstruction and st...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Ice Jams. Learn more at…
http://www.co.monroe.mi.us/governm
ent/departments_offices/emergency_
management/ice_jams_floodin...
• Video Link! Ice Jam
– Just the first few minutes.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYbrqsLFySY
Coastal Flood: Winds generated fromCoastal Flood: Winds generated from
tropical storms and hurricanes can drivetropical s...
• How does this picture related to a storm
surge and increase coastal flooding?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! The wind (breath) causes the water
(hot chocolate) to surge or rise up when it hits
the land (mug).
Copyright © ...
Before Hurricane
Storm Surge
• Coastal Flood: Winds generated from tropical
storms and hurricanes can drive ocean water
inland and cause significant fl...
• Coastal Flood: Winds generated from tropical
storms and hurricanes can drive ocean water inland
and cause significant fl...
• Hurricane Sandy 2012.
• Warning! The New York City Bottleneck.
– New York City is a flood disaster in the
making.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• New York City is located in a bottleneck for
a storm surge.
– If a large hurricane does hit New York City, it’s
location...
• New York City is located in a bottleneck for
a storm surge.
– If a large hurricane does hit New York City, it’s
location...
• New York City is located in a bottleneck for
a storm surge.
– If a large hurricane does hit New York City, its
location ...
• New York City after Hurricane Sandy.
• Subway system.
• New Jersey
Tsunamis: Sometimes referred to as tidalTsunamis: Sometimes referred to as tidal
waves. These waves are produced bywaves....
• Animation showing the 2004 Indonesian
Tsunami traveling across the Indian
Ocean after an earthquake.
New Area of Focus: Tsunami’s
• Location of the earthquake that caused
the Japanese Tsunami of 2011
• Location of the earthquake that caused
the Japanese Tsunami of 2011
Tsunami hit the
shoreline in just
minutes.
• Video! Tsunami Footage.
– Thousands perished so please be very respectful
when viewing.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v...
• Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by
underwater volcanic eruption.
•
• Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by
underwater volcanic eruption.
•
Hold balloon underwater
with stick.
• Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by
underwater volcanic eruption.
•
Hold balloon underwater
with stick.
Underwater
Volc...
• Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by
underwater volcanic eruption.
•
Pop balloon and make
observations.
• Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by
underwater volcanic eruption.
•
Pop balloon and make
observations.
• Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by
underwater volcanic eruption.
•
• Animation of how a volcanic eruption can
cause a tsunami.
• Animation of how a volcanic eruption can
cause a tsunami.
In the open ocean,
the wave goes by
quickly with little
notice
• Animation of how a volcanic eruption can
cause a tsunami.
In the open ocean,
the wave goes by
quickly with little
notice...
• A tsunami wave is not like an ocean wave.
This is a typical ocean wave.
• A tsunami is a surge moving very fast.
• Demonstration! Seeing the wave increase
in size as it approaches land.
Mark the water
line before
Pop balloon and
mark how far
water travels.
A boat in the open ocean will feel
but not really see a large wave.
Mark how far
water travels.
Height and distance traveled
inland by tsunami
• Indonesia did not have the alert systems for
the devastating tsunami of (2004) that killed
more than 256,000 people one ...
• Activity! Video: Indonesian Tsunami Footage.
– Why can’t you just swim through it / tread water
to survive?
– http://www...
• Answer: The currents collect and move
debris which makes swimming incredibly
difficult and dangerous.
Before
Tsunami
After
Tsunami
After
Tsunami
Before
Tsunami
After
Tsunami
After
Tsunami
• What is wrong with calling a Tsunami a
tidal wave?
• Answer! A tidal wave is misnamed
because it does not have to with tides.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer! A tidal wave is misnamed
because it does not have to with tides.
Tides are caused by the gravity of the
moon and...
• An earthquake can cause a slippage in
the plates.
• An earthquake can cause a slippage in
the plates. This displaces enormous
quantities of water which can cause a
tsunami.
• Location of Japan earthquake 2011 at a
subduction zone along the Ring of Fire.
Epicenter of
9.0
Earthquake
• Location of Japan earthquake 2011 at a
subduction zone along the Ring of Fire.
Epicenter of
9.0
Earthquake
• Location of Japan earthquake 2011 at a
subduction zone along the Ring of Fire.
– The plate moved 8 feet closer to the No...
Beneath Ocean
• An underwater landslide can also displace
large amounts of water and cause a
tsunami.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• LaPalma in the Canary Islands: A possible
Tsunami threat to the East Coast of the
U.S. (Landslide on Island).
Copyright ...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes.
– Warning systems.Warni...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes. Then rises suddenly.The...
• Warning signs!Warning signs!
– Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area.
– Bay recedes.Bay recedes. Then rises suddenly.The...
• In the United States, we have some alert
systems.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• In the United States, we have some alert
systems. Indonesia did not have these.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Tsunami’...
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Urban Flood: Streets flood becauseUrban Flood: Streets flood because
cement cannot absorb water. Water run-cement cannot ...
• Coastal Flooding and Hurricane Katrina
Levee failure during Hurricane Katrina. Learn more at…
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_levee_failures_in_Greater_New_Orl...
• Urbanization increases runoff 2 to 6 times
than would occur on natural terrain.
• You can now complete this question.
Wetlands: An area that is regularly wetWetlands: An area that is regularly wet
and has vegetation that is adapted for lif...
• Which is which?
• Swamp
• Marsh
A treeless wetland
of grasses, sedges
and cattails.
Characterized by the
presence of tre...
• Which is which?
• Swamp
• Marsh
A treeless wetland
of grasses, sedges
and cattails.
Characterized by the
presence of tre...
• Which is which?
• Swamp
• Marsh
A treeless wetland
of grasses, sedges
and cattails.
Characterized by the
presence of tre...
• Which is which?
• Swamp
• Marsh
A treeless wetland
of grasses, sedges
and cattails.
Characterized by the
presence of tre...
• Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
• Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
• Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
• Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
• Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
Wetlands are extremely importantWetlands are extremely important
because they…because they…
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 ...
Control flooding by absorbing water like aControl flooding by absorbing water like a
sponge.sponge.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
They filter out / break down pollution.They filter out / break down pollution.
(Biogeochemical cycling).(Biogeochemical c...
Provides habitat for many animals andProvides habitat for many animals and
plants.plants.
• Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot.
– Use a book to place two glass slides so they
create a ramp.
– Wrap one in a paper t...
• Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot.
– Use a book to place two glass slides so they
create a ramp.
– Wrap one in a paper t...
• Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot.
– Use a book to place two glass slides so they
create a ramp.
– Wrap one in a paper t...
• Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot.
– Use a book to place two glass slides so they
create a ramp.
– Wrap one in a paper t...
• Questions
–What were your results?
–What is demonstrated in this experiment?
–Should we protect wetlands, Why or why
not...
• Questions
–What were your results?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions
–What were your results?
–Answer: The glass slide with the paper
towel (wetland) absorbed much more
water than...
• Questions
–What is demonstrated in this experiment?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions
–What is demonstrated in this experiment?
–Answer: That wetlands serve a purpose
in the prevention of floods.
...
• Questions
–Should we protect wetlands, Why or why
not?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Questions
–Should we protect wetlands, Why or why
not?
–Answer: Wetlands should be protected
for all of the valuable thi...
• Questions
–Should we protect wetlands, Why or why
not?
–Answer: Wetlands should be protected
for all of the valuable thi...
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
New Area of Focus: Flood PreventionNew Area of Focus: Flood Prevention
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Natural Levee: A long ridge formed by
deposits of sediment alongside a river
channel.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Artificial levee: An embankment raised toArtificial levee: An embankment raised to
prevent a river from overflowing.preve...
Artificial levee: An embankment raised toArtificial levee: An embankment raised to
prevent a river from overflowing.preve...
• Humans create levees to protect land from
the damage caused by flooding.
–Some Nile Levees are 1000’s of years old
Copyr...
The types of leveesThe types of levees
--
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
The types of leveesThe types of levees
--
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the
mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributar...
Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the
mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributar...
Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the
mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributar...
Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the
mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributar...
Ring Levees: Levees that completelyRing Levees: Levees that completely
encircle or “ring”.encircle or “ring”.
Copyright ©...
Setback Levees:Setback Levees:
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Setback Levees: Levees that back-upSetback Levees: Levees that back-up
existing levees. They are further awayexisting lev...
Sublevees: These are behind levees toSublevees: These are behind levees to
prevent water from damaging the leveeprevent w...
Spur levees: A barrier that projects intoSpur levees: A barrier that projects into
the stream to prevent water current fr...
Stabilizing rocks on river bank to preventStabilizing rocks on river bank to prevent
erosion / river changing course.eros...
• If a levee fails, the flooding it causes is
very destructive.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which towns are going to have the most
flood damage?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Which towns are going to have the most
flood damage?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer: Towns C and D will have the
worst flood damage.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Answer: Towns C and D will have the
worst flood damage.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Using levees prevents water from spreading
into the floodplain.
–This makes the flooding worse
downstream.
Copyright © 2...
• Activity! Levee Construction Team
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Levee Construction Team
– The class will be divided into groups of four
students.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Activity! Levee Construction Team
– The class will be divided into groups of four
students.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Activity! Levee Construction Team
– The class will be divided into groups of four
students.
– Each group becomes a const...
• Activity! Levee Construction Team
– The class will be divided into groups of four
students.
– Each group becomes a const...
• Activity! Levee Proposal
– Sketch the following picture in your journal.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Levee Proposal
– Record where the town suffers the most
damage.
– We will be recreating a great flood event us...
• Where did you observe the areas of
concern that may need bank stabilization
and or levee construction?
Copyright © 2010 ...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Example
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Mainline levee system
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Example
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity! Flood Proposal
– Read information about levees from packet.
– Assign roles
• Spokesperson: Presents company na...
• Some PowerPoint advice!
– You should have a presentation that is backed
up by important slides.
• Don’t use PowerPoint a...
• Some PowerPoint advice!
– Involve people. I need two volunteers, one
boy and one girl to read the next slide.
Copyright ...
PowerPoint advice: You should…
PowerPoint advice: You should… KISS
Or read the next slide together.
• PowerPoint advice: “KISS”
–Keep
–It
–Simple
–Silly
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• PowerPoint advice: “KISS”
–Keep
–It
–Simple
–Silly
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• PowerPoint advice: “KISS”
–Keep
–It
–Simple
–Silly
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• PowerPoint advice: “KISS”
–Keep
–It
–Simple
–Silly
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• PowerPoint advice: “KISS”
–Keep
–It
–Simple
–Silly
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• PowerPoint Advice:
– Cheesy Effects do not help your presentation.
– Waiting for information is a waste of time.
– Anima...
How is this color combination?
Do you want to sit through 25
slides of Twinkie Yellow? Be smart
about your color choice. “...
I really enjoy this background color and font
style. I also wanted to make a pretty font.
Black and white is so boring!
Is...
• Some PowerPoint advice
– Visuals are more important than words.
– This is a picture of a tornado forming.
Copyright © 20...
• Some PowerPoint advice
– Visuals are more important than words.
– This is a picture of a tornado forming.
Note – Cycloni...
• Some PowerPoint advice
– Visuals are more important than words.
– This is a picture of a tornado forming.
Note – Cycloni...
• Some PowerPoint advice
– Keep the presentation interactive with your
audience. The presentation is about the
audience, n...
• Some PowerPoint advice!
– Only a few words per slide.
– NO Paragraphs! NO Reading!
– NO Copy and Paste. It’s cheating an...
• The template will be provided shortly for your
levee proposal.
– Don’t make your presentation PowerPointless.
Copyright ...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Tutorial on to use PowerPoint to
scribble / shapes / move the
yellow lines below to create...
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• You can now complete this question.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Dam: A barrier constructed across aDam: A barrier constructed across a
waterway to control the flow or raise thewaterway ...
Importance of DamsImportance of Dams
--
--
--
--
--
--
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Control FloodsControl Floods..
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Generate Power.Generate Power.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Provide clean drinking waterProvide clean drinking water
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Improve navigation.Improve navigation.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Recreation.Recreation.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Industrial uses.Industrial uses.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Agricultural use / irrigation.Agricultural use / irrigation.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Hydroelectric power is a renewable andHydroelectric power is a renewable and
clean source of energy.clean source of energ...
Hydroelectric power is a renewable andHydroelectric power is a renewable and
clean source of energy.clean source of energ...
• Hydroelectric power make up approximately 30
percent of the generating capacity in the U.S.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Mur...
• Largest Dam in the World: The Three
Gorges Dam in China.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Largest Dam in the World: The Three
Gorges Dam in China.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Three Gorges Dam. Environmental Disaster. Learn
more at…
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?
id=chinas-three-go...
• Hoover Dam.
• The Aswan Dam
Some archeological
treasures were lost.
Some archeological
treasures were lost
and people displaced.
• Activity! Aswan Dam Case Study.
– Please answer the questions after reading the
handout.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy...
Lock: A device for raising and loweringLock: A device for raising and lowering
boats between stretches of water ofboats b...
• Write three sentences in the past tense
describing how a lock system works.
– Use the animation below to help you.
• Answer: A lock system works by having a
fixed chamber that can raise or lower a boat
by filling or draining the chamber ...
• Lock system for The Three Gorges Dam in
China.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• How does a hydroelectric dam work?
• Answer: The water has potential energy
(position), and creates kinetic energy
(motion). This motion spins a turbine whic...
• Activity! Indentifying the parts of a
hydroelectric dam.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
River Penstock Powerlines
Intake Reservoir Turbine
Generator Powerhouse
““Oh-No!”Oh-No!”
““Oh-No!”Oh-No!”
““We are goingWe are going
to do it again.”to do it again.”
• What is the name for the circled term?
• What is the name for the circled term?
• Answer: Reservoir
• What is the name for the circled term?
• What is the name for the circled term?
• Answer: River
• What is the name for the circled term?
• What is the name for the circled term?
• Answer: Intake
• What is the name for the circled term?
• What is the name for the circled term?
• Answer: Dam
• What is the name for the circled term?
• What is the name for the circled term?
• Answer: Powerhouse
• What is the name for the circled term?
• Answer: Powerhouse
How a Hydroelectric Dam works. Learn more at…
http://ga.wate...
• You can now complete this question.
• Recommended Video! History Channel
Modern Marvels on Dams.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwTISnePb5M
– Comes with wor...
Dams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoilDams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoil
the flow of great natural rivers, andthe f...
Dams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoilDams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoil
the flow of great natural rivers, andthe f...
• Activity! The Dam Debate.
– You will role play, write, and present a persuasive
speech about a dam proposal in a small t...
• Activity: Dam Debate Project / Speech
– Each student will pick a character randomly.
• Card tells if you are for or agai...
• These are a few of the roles that you will
have to become.
• (The people at the town meeting)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• These are a few of the roles that you will
have to become.
• (The people at the town meeting)
– Pay attention because yo...
• These are a few of the roles that you will
have to become.
• (The people at the town meeting)
• Pay attention because yo...
• Mayor Ferguson:
Town Mayor
• (For Dam)
– Will bring the town
$ (development).
– More jobs to the
town people.
– More tax...
• Mayor Ferguson:
Town Mayor
• (For Dam)
– Will bring the town
$ (development).
– More jobs to the
town people.
– More tax...
• Harold Jingles:
Town Local
• (Against Dam)
– Doesn’t want
development of
town.
– Enjoys the natural
environment.
– Likes...
• Harold Jingles:
Town Local
• (Against Dam)
– Doesn’t want
development of
town.
– Enjoys the natural
environment.
– Likes...
• Ginger Snapps:
• Store Owner
• (For Dam)
– The dam will bring
increased profit to
her general store.
– She will hire mor...
• Ginger Snapps:
• Store Owner
• (For Dam)
– The dam will bring
increased profit to
her general store.
– She will hire mor...
• Allen Story:
• Historical Home
Ownwer
• (Against Dam)
– Owns a home
from the 1700’s,
historical
importance,
– Doesn’t wa...
• Allen Story:
• Historical Home
Ownwer
• (Against Dam)
– Owns a home
from the 1700’s,
historical
importance,
– Doesn’t wa...
• E. Conomy
• Business Woman
• (For Dam)
– Has big business
plans for the town.
– Increase in land
values.
– Working close...
• E. Conomy
• Business Woman
• (For Dam)
– Has big business
plans for the town.
– Increase in land
values.
– Working close...
• Jumping Salmon:
• Tribal Leader
• (Against Dam)
– Destruction of
culturally important
land.
– Subsistence for his
people...
• Jumping Salmon:
• Tribal Leader
• (Against Dam)
– Destruction of
culturally important
land.
– Subsistence for his
people...
• Carla Dean Minium
• Housing Developer
• (For Dam)
– Plans on
developing
Lakeside housing.
– Money and jobs for
town.
– I...
• Carla Dean Minium
• Housing Developer
• (For Dam)
– Plans on
developing
Lakeside housing.
– Money and jobs for
town.
– I...
• T. M. Burr
• Logger
• (Against Dam)
– Damming the river will
ruin destroy valuable
timber land.
– Compensation offered
i...
• T. M. Burr
• Logger
• (Against Dam)
– Damming the river will
ruin destroy valuable
timber land.
– Compensation offered
i...
• Jill Handy:
• Unemployed
• (For Dam)
– Needs a job which
will be offered from
construction.
– More money to the
town and...
• Jill Handy:
• Unemployed
• (For Dam)
– Needs a job which
will be offered from
construction.
– More money to the
town and...
• Cye N. Tist:
• Biologist
• (Against Dam)
– Destruction of river
ecosystem
– To discuss
problems of dam to
river environm...
• Cye N. Tist:
• Biologist
• (Against Dam)
– Destruction of river
ecosystem
– To discuss
problems of dam to
river environm...
• Cody
• Fishing Guide
• (Against Dam)
– Guides for salmon
on the river and will
lose business.
– Loss of business
Increas...
• Cody
• Fishing Guide
• (Against Dam)
– Guides for salmon
on the river and will
lose business.
– Loss of business
Increas...
• Jill Weeters
• Wakeboarder
• (For Dam)
– Looking to go pro
in wake boarding
and the lake will
provide recreation
opportu...
• Jill Weeters
• Wakeboarder
• (For Dam)
– Looking to go pro
in wake boarding
and the lake will
provide recreation
opportu...
• Owen Lars
• Whitewater
Kayaker
• (Against Dam)
– Loss of awesome
whitewater river.
– Loss of tourism
– Loss of recreatio...
• Owen Lars
• Whitewater
Kayaker
• (Against Dam)
– Loss of awesome
whitewater river.
– Loss of tourism
– Loss of recreatio...
• O. L. Slick
• Boat Store Owner
(For Dam)
– New Lake will
increases business
and tourism to
town.
– More boating
opportun...
• O. L. Slick
• Boat Store Owner
(For Dam)
– New Lake will
increases business
and tourism to
town.
– More boating
opportun...
• I. M. Floaten
• Rafting Guide
(Against Dam)
– Damming the river will
ruin his business.
– Loss of money and
jobs from to...
• I. M. Floaten
• Rafting Guide
(Against Dam)
– Damming the river will
ruin his business.
– Loss of money and
jobs from to...
• Rick Culture
• Farmer
• (For Dam)
– New Lake will
provide irrigation
for his crops year
round.
– Increase in food
produc...
• Rick Culture
• Farmer
• (For Dam)
– New Lake will
provide irrigation
for his crops year
round.
– Increase in food
produc...
• Simple Simon
• Organic Farmer
• (Against Dam)
– Loss of nutrient
rich flood waters
means the use of
expensive
fertilizer...
• Simple Simon
• Organic Farmer
• (Against Dam)
– Loss of nutrient
rich flood waters
means the use of
expensive
fertilizer...
• Alotta Powers
• Spokesperson for
Electrical
Company
• (For Dam)
– Increase in electricity
production
– Decrease in elect...
• Alotta Powers
• Spokesperson for
Electrical
Company
• (For Dam)
– Increase in electricity
production
– Decrease in elect...
• Art Vandeleigh
• Ornithologist / Bird
Watcher
• (Against Dam)
– Nesting Eagles rely
on river for survival.
– Eagles are ...
• Art Vandeleigh
• Ornithologist / Bird
Watcher
• (Against Dam)
– Nesting Eagles rely
on river for survival.
– Eagles are ...
• Mrs. Fletcher
• Senior Citizen
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will
provide low cost electricity.
– Wants to the see the...
• Mrs. Fletcher
• Senior Citizen
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will
provide low cost electricity.
– Wants to the see the...
• Patty Meadows
• Archeologist
• (Against Dam)
– Damming the river will
flood important
archeological sites.
– Permanent l...
• Patty Meadows
• Archeologist
• (Against Dam)
– Damming the river will
flood important
archeological sites.
– Permanent l...
• Jacob House
• Developer
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will
provide a lake which will
increase land value.
– Lakeside h...
• Jacob House
• Developer
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will
provide a lake which will
increase land value.
– Lakeside h...
• Linda Dripper
• Director of Water
Quality
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will
provide a lake which will
provide a clean...
• Linda Dripper
• Director of Water
Quality
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will
provide a lake which will
provide a clean...
• Margaret East
• Town Local
• (Againt Dam)
– The large dam and
unsightly powerlines will
take away from the
aesthetic val...
• Margaret East
• Town Local
• (Againt Dam)
– The large dam and
unsightly powerlines will
take away from the
aesthetic val...
• Harvey West
• Angry Town Local
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will help
the town get out of debt.
– Increase in housing...
• Harvey West
• Angry Town Local
• (For Dam)
– Damming the river will help
the town get out of debt.
– Increase in housing...
• Bobbie Law Keeper
• Local Police Chief
• (Against Dam)
– He is the only officer in
the town. Increased
traffic to town +...
• Bobbie Law Keeper
• Local Police Chief
• (Against Dam)
– He is the only officer in
the town. Increased
traffic to town +...
• Dr. Sidney Jones
• School Principal
• (Against Dam)
– Current school is to
small to accommodate
rapid increase in
studen...
• Dr. Sidney Jones
• School Principal
• (Against Dam)
– Current school is to
small to accommodate
rapid increase in
studen...
• Dr. Gina Reynolds
• Engineer
• (Against Dam)
– The core material that
is being proposed for
the dam is not ideal.
– The ...
• Dr. Gina Reynolds
• Engineer
• (Against Dam)
– The core material that
is being proposed for
the dam is not ideal.
– The ...
• Dr. Tom Feeley
• Engineer
• (For Dam)
– The planned earthen
gravity dam is
perfectly safe.
– Many safety measures
in the...
• Dr. Tom Feeley
• Engineer
• (For Dam)
– The planned earthen
gravity dam is
perfectly safe.
– Many safety measures
in the...
• Make Your Own
• Career ___________
• (Against Dam)
• -
• -
• -
• Make Your Own
• Career ___________
• (For Dam)
• -
• -
• -
• Preparing for your speech.
• Preparing for your speech
– This is scary if you are not prepared.
• Preparing for your speech
– This is scary if you are not prepared.
This guy is
so unprepared.
This speech is
a waste of time.
What is he
talking about?
Did he prepare at
all for this project?
I look engaged
but I’m just faking..
This is just opinion, he
has no facts.
This speech is the worst.
Oh Brother, I should have
prepared a better speech.
• Welcome
– Town People, Press, Businesses
• Introduction
– Who you are?
– Why are you here? (For or Against Dam / Thesis)...
• Welcome
– Town People, Press, Businesses
• Introduction
– Who you are?
– Why are you here? (For or Against Dam / Thesis)...
• You can now complete this question.
• Complete this question between
presentations.
– List the person and their reason for being for or
against the dam.
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– When you think you know, raise your hand.
You only get one guess.
Co...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– When you think you know, raise your hand.
You only get one guess.
Co...
• Try and figure out the picture beneath the
boxes.
– When you think you know, raise your hand.
You only get one guess.
Co...
• You can now record information in the
white space and then neatly color the
pictures.
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• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
• This PowerPoint is only small part of my Rivers,
Lakes, and Water Quality Unit.
– This unit includes a four part 2,150 s...
Areas of Focus within The Rivers and Water Quality Unit:
Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Par...
http://www.teacherspay
teachers.com/Product/P
hysical-Science-
Curriculum-596485
http://www.teachersp
ayteachers.com/Produ...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found
at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel
free to contact me with any...
• http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
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Flooding PowerPoint, Flood, Hydroelectric Dams

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sciencepowerpoint.com delivers a four part 2150+ slide PowerPoint slideshow becomes the roadmap for an amazing and interactive science experience. Complete with bundled homework package, many built-in quizzes, hands-on activities with directions, unit notes, answer keys, video links, rubrics, review games, and much more.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information.
Areas of Focus within The Rivers Unit -Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Parts of River (Vocabulary), Stream Order, Erosion and Deposition, Water Quality, Chemical Properties of Water, Bio-Indicators of Water Quality (EPT richness), Physical Properties of Water Quality, Rivers and Flooding, Factors that Control Flooding, Types of Flooding, Tsunami's, Wetlands, Flood Prevention, Levees, Dams and Ecosystem, Importance of Dams, Impacts of Dams, Hydropower, Parts of Dam, Salmon (Life Cycle), Systems of Help Salmon, Fish (General), Layering in a Lake, Lake Turnover, Nutrients and Lakes.
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks + PowerPoint Review Games
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint.com

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Flooding PowerPoint, Flood, Hydroelectric Dams

  1. 1. • You can now complete this question.
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  6. 6. New Area of Focus: Rivers and Flooding.New Area of Focus: Rivers and Flooding.
  7. 7. • Share! Please share an experience caused by flooding.
  8. 8. Floods are when more precipitation isFloods are when more precipitation is delivered to a drainage basin than can bedelivered to a drainage basin than can be readily absorbed or stored within the basin.readily absorbed or stored within the basin. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Flooding causes more damage, and costs more money than all other natural disasters combined. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Much of that comes from disease and difficult living conditions post flood. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Why do diseases emerge after a flood? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Answer! Unsanitary drinking water – Contamination from waste, increase in insects / pathogens. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. Flooding Dangers / health plan. Learn more at… http://www.epa.gov/naturalevents/flooding.html
  17. 17. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. Sound effects required for the next couple of slides. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=k0gsduLrfSU
  20. 20. Factors that control flooding.Factors that control flooding. -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. Rainfall Intensity: The rate of rainfall.Rainfall Intensity: The rate of rainfall. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. Duration: How long the rainfall lasts.Duration: How long the rainfall lasts. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy What would cause a flash flood? Think of the two factors that control flooding.
  24. 24. • Answer! Usually a large intensity of rain in a short duration. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Other flooding can be caused with a small intensity of rain over a long period of time. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • Activity! (Optional) Thunderstorm in the Classroom. (Sound Effects Off) • Teacher will go to the middle of the circle and rotate very slowly in a circle around the room. Continue to make the sound effect until the teacher passes you again, where you can make the new sound effect. – Order on next slide.
  27. 27. • Absolute Silence • Rubbing hands together. • Soft clicking / snap with fingers. • Soft Clapping with hands. • Clap on thighs “Pitter-Pat”. • Stomp Feet “Boom!-Boom!” • Clap on thighs “Pitter-Pat”. • Soft Clapping with hands. • Soft clicking / snap with fingers. • Rubbing hands together. • Absolute Silence
  28. 28. • You can now complete this question.
  29. 29. Flash Flood: A flood that occurs within aFlash Flood: A flood that occurs within a few hours (usually less than six) of heavyfew hours (usually less than six) of heavy or excessive rainfall or dam or leveeor excessive rainfall or dam or levee failure.failure. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • Video Link! Flash Flood – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MIQrSH6LMgA
  31. 31. • You’re late for an important event and come to this flooding river. –Is this a safe crossing?
  32. 32. “Help” “Help”
  33. 33. HLOKITTY
  34. 34. • You are late for an important event and come to this flooding river. – Is this a safe crossing?
  35. 35. • You are late for an important event and come to this flooding river. – Is this a safe crossing? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • You are late for an important event and come to this flooding river. – Is this a safe crossing? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • You are late for an important event and come to this flooding river. – Is this a safe crossing? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. “I’m not sure so the best thing to do is not to cross.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • What’s so dangerous about a low water crossing? • Your car will float for a bit, You can’t steer, accelerate or break. The pressure of the water will force your car off the road. – You will end up down the creek without a.. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • What’s so dangerous about a low water crossing? • Your car is a boat. Once you start to float you can’t steer, accelerate or break. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Video Link! Low Water Crossing. – Caution! Extremely Dangerous. – http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=nsqoI7okZhg&feature=related
  49. 49. • Question: Should they have crossed?
  50. 50. • Question: Should they have crossed?
  51. 51. • Question: Should they have crossed?
  52. 52. • Question: Should they have crossed?
  53. 53. • Don’t let this happen to you. – Avoid low water crossings. Wait until the road is safe or find another way around. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • You can now complete this question.
  55. 55. Flooding along rivers is a natural and inevitable part of life. Some floods occur seasonally when…
  56. 56. Flooding along rivers is a natural and inevitable part of life. Some floods occur seasonally when… -Winter or spring rains, coupled with melting snows, fill river basins with too much water, too quickly.
  57. 57. Flooding along rivers is a natural and inevitable part of life. Some floods occur seasonally when… -Winter or spring rains, coupled with melting snows, fill river basins with too much water, too quickly. -Torrential rains from hurricanes or tropical systems can also produce river flooding.
  58. 58. Ice Jam: Floating ice can accumulate at aIce Jam: Floating ice can accumulate at a natural or man-made obstruction and stopnatural or man-made obstruction and stop the flow of water.the flow of water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. Ice Jams. Learn more at… http://www.co.monroe.mi.us/governm ent/departments_offices/emergency_ management/ice_jams_flooding.html
  61. 61. • Video Link! Ice Jam – Just the first few minutes. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IYbrqsLFySY
  62. 62. Coastal Flood: Winds generated fromCoastal Flood: Winds generated from tropical storms and hurricanes can drivetropical storms and hurricanes can drive ocean water inland and cause significantocean water inland and cause significant flooding.flooding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • How does this picture related to a storm surge and increase coastal flooding? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • Answer! The wind (breath) causes the water (hot chocolate) to surge or rise up when it hits the land (mug). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. Before Hurricane
  66. 66. Storm Surge
  67. 67. • Coastal Flood: Winds generated from tropical storms and hurricanes can drive ocean water inland and cause significant flooding. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Coastal Flood: Winds generated from tropical storms and hurricanes can drive ocean water inland and cause significant flooding. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-mdhqvctyD0 (Video) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • Hurricane Sandy 2012.
  70. 70. • Warning! The New York City Bottleneck. – New York City is a flood disaster in the making. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • New York City is located in a bottleneck for a storm surge. – If a large hurricane does hit New York City, it’s location would make a storm surge much worse. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • New York City is located in a bottleneck for a storm surge. – If a large hurricane does hit New York City, it’s location would make a storm surge much worse. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • New York City is located in a bottleneck for a storm surge. – If a large hurricane does hit New York City, its location would make a storm surge much worse. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • New York City after Hurricane Sandy.
  75. 75. • Subway system.
  76. 76. • New Jersey
  77. 77. Tsunamis: Sometimes referred to as tidalTsunamis: Sometimes referred to as tidal waves. These waves are produced bywaves. These waves are produced by earthquakes or volcanic activity.earthquakes or volcanic activity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • Animation showing the 2004 Indonesian Tsunami traveling across the Indian Ocean after an earthquake.
  79. 79. New Area of Focus: Tsunami’s
  80. 80. • Location of the earthquake that caused the Japanese Tsunami of 2011
  81. 81. • Location of the earthquake that caused the Japanese Tsunami of 2011 Tsunami hit the shoreline in just minutes.
  82. 82. • Video! Tsunami Footage. – Thousands perished so please be very respectful when viewing. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w3AdFjklR50
  83. 83. • Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by underwater volcanic eruption. •
  84. 84. • Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by underwater volcanic eruption. • Hold balloon underwater with stick.
  85. 85. • Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by underwater volcanic eruption. • Hold balloon underwater with stick. Underwater Volcano
  86. 86. • Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by underwater volcanic eruption. • Pop balloon and make observations.
  87. 87. • Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by underwater volcanic eruption. • Pop balloon and make observations.
  88. 88. • Demonstration! Creating a tsunami by underwater volcanic eruption. •
  89. 89. • Animation of how a volcanic eruption can cause a tsunami.
  90. 90. • Animation of how a volcanic eruption can cause a tsunami. In the open ocean, the wave goes by quickly with little notice
  91. 91. • Animation of how a volcanic eruption can cause a tsunami. In the open ocean, the wave goes by quickly with little notice The power of the wave becomes noticeable as the wave approaches shore
  92. 92. • A tsunami wave is not like an ocean wave. This is a typical ocean wave.
  93. 93. • A tsunami is a surge moving very fast.
  94. 94. • Demonstration! Seeing the wave increase in size as it approaches land. Mark the water line before
  95. 95. Pop balloon and mark how far water travels.
  96. 96. A boat in the open ocean will feel but not really see a large wave.
  97. 97. Mark how far water travels.
  98. 98. Height and distance traveled inland by tsunami
  99. 99. • Indonesia did not have the alert systems for the devastating tsunami of (2004) that killed more than 256,000 people one morning. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Activity! Video: Indonesian Tsunami Footage. – Why can’t you just swim through it / tread water to survive? – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bblk6hD- l5c&feature=results_main&playnext=1&list=PLC DE1E3BA0A9F00B2 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Answer: The currents collect and move debris which makes swimming incredibly difficult and dangerous.
  102. 102. Before Tsunami After Tsunami
  103. 103. After Tsunami
  104. 104. Before Tsunami After Tsunami
  105. 105. After Tsunami
  106. 106. • What is wrong with calling a Tsunami a tidal wave?
  107. 107. • Answer! A tidal wave is misnamed because it does not have to with tides. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • Answer! A tidal wave is misnamed because it does not have to with tides. Tides are caused by the gravity of the moon and sun, not from tectonic forces. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • An earthquake can cause a slippage in the plates.
  110. 110. • An earthquake can cause a slippage in the plates. This displaces enormous quantities of water which can cause a tsunami.
  111. 111. • Location of Japan earthquake 2011 at a subduction zone along the Ring of Fire. Epicenter of 9.0 Earthquake
  112. 112. • Location of Japan earthquake 2011 at a subduction zone along the Ring of Fire. Epicenter of 9.0 Earthquake
  113. 113. • Location of Japan earthquake 2011 at a subduction zone along the Ring of Fire. – The plate moved 8 feet closer to the North American Plate in a few seconds Epicenter of 9.0 Earthquake
  114. 114. Beneath Ocean
  115. 115. • An underwater landslide can also displace large amounts of water and cause a tsunami. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. • LaPalma in the Canary Islands: A possible Tsunami threat to the East Coast of the U.S. (Landslide on Island). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  121. 121. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  122. 122. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. Then rises suddenly.Then rises suddenly. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. • Warning signs!Warning signs! – Earthquake in area.Earthquake in area. – Bay recedes.Bay recedes. Then rises suddenly.Then rises suddenly. – Warning systems.Warning systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. • In the United States, we have some alert systems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. • In the United States, we have some alert systems. Indonesia did not have these. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Tsunami’s. Learn more at… http://www.windows2universe.org/earth/tsunami1.html
  128. 128. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. Urban Flood: Streets flood becauseUrban Flood: Streets flood because cement cannot absorb water. Water run-cement cannot absorb water. Water run- off creates floods.off creates floods. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  130. 130. • Coastal Flooding and Hurricane Katrina
  131. 131. Levee failure during Hurricane Katrina. Learn more at… http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2005_levee_failures_in_Greater_New_Orl eans
  132. 132. • Urbanization increases runoff 2 to 6 times than would occur on natural terrain.
  133. 133. • You can now complete this question.
  134. 134. Wetlands: An area that is regularly wetWetlands: An area that is regularly wet and has vegetation that is adapted for lifeand has vegetation that is adapted for life in saturated-soil conditions.in saturated-soil conditions. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. • Which is which? • Swamp • Marsh A treeless wetland of grasses, sedges and cattails. Characterized by the presence of trees growing on mineral soils with poor drainage.
  136. 136. • Which is which? • Swamp • Marsh A treeless wetland of grasses, sedges and cattails. Characterized by the presence of trees growing on mineral soils with poor drainage.
  137. 137. • Which is which? • Swamp • Marsh A treeless wetland of grasses, sedges and cattails. Characterized by the presence of trees growing on mineral soils with poor drainage.
  138. 138. • Which is which? • Swamp • Marsh A treeless wetland of grasses, sedges and cattails. Characterized by the presence of trees growing on mineral soils with poor drainage.
  139. 139. • Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
  140. 140. • Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
  141. 141. • Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
  142. 142. • Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
  143. 143. • Which is a marsh and which is a swamp?
  144. 144. Wetlands are extremely importantWetlands are extremely important because they…because they… -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. Control flooding by absorbing water like aControl flooding by absorbing water like a sponge.sponge. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. They filter out / break down pollution.They filter out / break down pollution. (Biogeochemical cycling).(Biogeochemical cycling). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. Provides habitat for many animals andProvides habitat for many animals and plants.plants.
  148. 148. • Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot. – Use a book to place two glass slides so they create a ramp. – Wrap one in a paper towel. – Place 100 drops on each. – Record your observations of each in journal Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. • Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot. – Use a book to place two glass slides so they create a ramp. – Wrap one in a paper towel. – Place 100 drops on each. – Record your observations of each in journal Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot. – Use a book to place two glass slides so they create a ramp. – Wrap one in a paper towel. – Place 100 drops on each. – Record your observations of each in journal Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. • Activity! Wetland vs. Parking Lot. – Use a book to place two glass slides so they create a ramp. – Wrap one in a paper towel. – Place 100 drops on each. – Record your observations of each in journal Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152. • Questions –What were your results? –What is demonstrated in this experiment? –Should we protect wetlands, Why or why not? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153. • Questions –What were your results? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154. • Questions –What were your results? –Answer: The glass slide with the paper towel (wetland) absorbed much more water than the just the glass slide (urban) area. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155. • Questions –What is demonstrated in this experiment? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156. • Questions –What is demonstrated in this experiment? –Answer: That wetlands serve a purpose in the prevention of floods. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157. • Questions –Should we protect wetlands, Why or why not? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  158. 158. • Questions –Should we protect wetlands, Why or why not? –Answer: Wetlands should be protected for all of the valuable things they do. Many wetlands are protected for this reason. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. • Questions –Should we protect wetlands, Why or why not? –Answer: Wetlands should be protected for all of the valuable things they do. Many wetlands are protected for this reason. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Wetlands and flood control. Learn more at… http://water.epa.gov/type/wetlands/flood.cfm
  160. 160. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. New Area of Focus: Flood PreventionNew Area of Focus: Flood Prevention Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. • Natural Levee: A long ridge formed by deposits of sediment alongside a river channel. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. Artificial levee: An embankment raised toArtificial levee: An embankment raised to prevent a river from overflowing.prevent a river from overflowing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. Artificial levee: An embankment raised toArtificial levee: An embankment raised to prevent a river from overflowing.prevent a river from overflowing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • Humans create levees to protect land from the damage caused by flooding. –Some Nile Levees are 1000’s of years old Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. The types of leveesThe types of levees -- -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. The types of leveesThe types of levees -- -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168. Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributaries. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  169. 169. Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributaries. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributaries. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Some areas near river should flood
  171. 171. Mainline: Levees that lie along theMainline: Levees that lie along the mainstream and tributaries.mainstream and tributaries. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172. Ring Levees: Levees that completelyRing Levees: Levees that completely encircle or “ring”.encircle or “ring”. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173. Setback Levees:Setback Levees: Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174. Setback Levees: Levees that back-upSetback Levees: Levees that back-up existing levees. They are further awayexisting levees. They are further away from the existing levee.from the existing levee. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. Sublevees: These are behind levees toSublevees: These are behind levees to prevent water from damaging the leveeprevent water from damaging the levee when it overflows.when it overflows. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. Spur levees: A barrier that projects intoSpur levees: A barrier that projects into the stream to prevent water current fromthe stream to prevent water current from slamming a levee. Not a true levee.slamming a levee. Not a true levee. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. Stabilizing rocks on river bank to preventStabilizing rocks on river bank to prevent erosion / river changing course.erosion / river changing course. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. • If a levee fails, the flooding it causes is very destructive. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • Which towns are going to have the most flood damage? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180. • Which towns are going to have the most flood damage? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. • Answer: Towns C and D will have the worst flood damage. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. • Answer: Towns C and D will have the worst flood damage. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. • Using levees prevents water from spreading into the floodplain. –This makes the flooding worse downstream. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. • Activity! Levee Construction Team Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • Activity! Levee Construction Team – The class will be divided into groups of four students. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. • Activity! Levee Construction Team – The class will be divided into groups of four students. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. • Activity! Levee Construction Team – The class will be divided into groups of four students. – Each group becomes a construction firm and presents a proposal to construct a levee to the class. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Activity! Levee Construction Team – The class will be divided into groups of four students. – Each group becomes a construction firm and presents a proposal to construct a levee to the class. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Types of Levees. Learn more at… http://www.mvm.usace.army.mil/floodcontrol/levees/levees. asp
  189. 189. • Activity! Levee Proposal – Sketch the following picture in your journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Activity! Levee Proposal – Record where the town suffers the most damage. – We will be recreating a great flood event using a miniature of the town. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Where did you observe the areas of concern that may need bank stabilization and or levee construction? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Example
  193. 193. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Mainline levee system
  195. 195. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Example
  197. 197. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • Activity! Flood Proposal – Read information about levees from packet. – Assign roles • Spokesperson: Presents company name, gives a quick sales pitch of plan. • Fluvial Geologist: Discusses where team observed the most damage to the town. • Engineer: Discusses proposal of where flood prevention measures will occur. You only have a limited amount of resources (next slide / yellow bars). • Team leader: Makes sure everything gets done well. Answers questions at end, discusses budget. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Some PowerPoint advice! – You should have a presentation that is backed up by important slides. • Don’t use PowerPoint as a crutch for not knowing your content. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Some PowerPoint advice! – Involve people. I need two volunteers, one boy and one girl to read the next slide. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. PowerPoint advice: You should…
  202. 202. PowerPoint advice: You should… KISS Or read the next slide together.
  203. 203. • PowerPoint advice: “KISS” –Keep –It –Simple –Silly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. • PowerPoint advice: “KISS” –Keep –It –Simple –Silly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • PowerPoint advice: “KISS” –Keep –It –Simple –Silly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • PowerPoint advice: “KISS” –Keep –It –Simple –Silly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • PowerPoint advice: “KISS” –Keep –It –Simple –Silly Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. • PowerPoint Advice: – Cheesy Effects do not help your presentation. – Waiting for information is a waste of time. – Animations can take away from your presentation. – Wait! I’m not finished reading this. Where is it going? I’m not ready yet! “Arrrgh, I hate animations!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. How is this color combination? Do you want to sit through 25 slides of Twinkie Yellow? Be smart about your color choice. “Keep it Simple” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. I really enjoy this background color and font style. I also wanted to make a pretty font. Black and white is so boring! Is this font to small? Is this Font to Big? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. • Some PowerPoint advice – Visuals are more important than words. – This is a picture of a tornado forming. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. • Some PowerPoint advice – Visuals are more important than words. – This is a picture of a tornado forming. Note – Cyclonic formation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213. • Some PowerPoint advice – Visuals are more important than words. – This is a picture of a tornado forming. Note – Cyclonic formation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. • Some PowerPoint advice – Keep the presentation interactive with your audience. The presentation is about the audience, not you! Challenge them! “WOW!” “Thanks for showing me how to make a tornado in a bottle instead of a boring slideshow.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • Some PowerPoint advice! – Only a few words per slide. – NO Paragraphs! NO Reading! – NO Copy and Paste. It’s cheating and boring. – Tornado Formation – A tornado is a violently rotating column of air in contact with and extending between a cloud (often a thunderstorm cloud) and the surface of the earth. Winds in most tornadoes blow at 100 mph or less, but in the most violent, and least frequent, wind speeds can exceed 250 mph. – Tornadoes, often nicknamed "twisters," typically track along the ground for a few miles or less and are less than 100 yards wide, though some monsters can remain in contact with the earth for well over fifty miles and exceed one mile in width. – Several conditions are required for the development of tornadoes and the thunderstorm clouds with which most tornadoes are associated. Abundant low level moisture is necessary to contribute to the development of a thunderstorm, and a "trigger" (perhaps a cold front or other low level zone of converging winds) is needed to lift the moist air aloft. – Once the air begins to rise and becomes saturated it will continue rising to great heights and produce a thunderstorm cloud, if the atmosphere is unstable. An unstable atmosphere is one where the temperature decreases rapidly with height. – Atmospheric instability can also occur when dry air overlays moist air near the earth's surface. Finally, tornadoes usually form in areas where winds at all levels of the atmosphere are not only strong, but also turn with height in a clockwise, or veering, direction. – Tornadoes can appear as a traditional funnel shape, or in a slender rope-like form. Some have a churning, smoky look to them, and others contain "multiple vortices" - small, individual tornadoes rotating around a common center. Even others may be nearly invisible, with only swirling dust or debris at ground level as the only indication of the tornado's presence. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. • The template will be provided shortly for your levee proposal. – Don’t make your presentation PowerPointless. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Tutorial on to use PowerPoint to scribble / shapes / move the yellow lines below to create your levee proposal.
  218. 218. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. • You can now complete this question. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. Dam: A barrier constructed across aDam: A barrier constructed across a waterway to control the flow or raise thewaterway to control the flow or raise the level of water.level of water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. Importance of DamsImportance of Dams -- -- -- -- -- -- Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. Control FloodsControl Floods.. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. Generate Power.Generate Power. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. Provide clean drinking waterProvide clean drinking water Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  225. 225. Improve navigation.Improve navigation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. Recreation.Recreation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227. Industrial uses.Industrial uses. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228. Agricultural use / irrigation.Agricultural use / irrigation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229. Hydroelectric power is a renewable andHydroelectric power is a renewable and clean source of energy.clean source of energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  230. 230. Hydroelectric power is a renewable andHydroelectric power is a renewable and clean source of energy.clean source of energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Benefits of dams. Learn more at… http://bbmb.gov.in/english/benefit_large_dam.asp
  231. 231. • Hydroelectric power make up approximately 30 percent of the generating capacity in the U.S. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  232. 232. • Largest Dam in the World: The Three Gorges Dam in China. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  233. 233. • Largest Dam in the World: The Three Gorges Dam in China. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  234. 234. Three Gorges Dam. Environmental Disaster. Learn more at… http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm? id=chinas-three-gorges-dam-disaster
  235. 235. • Hoover Dam.
  236. 236. • The Aswan Dam
  237. 237. Some archeological treasures were lost.
  238. 238. Some archeological treasures were lost and people displaced.
  239. 239. • Activity! Aswan Dam Case Study. – Please answer the questions after reading the handout. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The Aswan Dam, 20 years later in the Mediterranean Sea Ecosystem http://ocean.tamu.edu/Quarterdeck/QD3.1/Elsayed/elsayed.html
  240. 240. Lock: A device for raising and loweringLock: A device for raising and lowering boats between stretches of water ofboats between stretches of water of different levels.different levels. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • Write three sentences in the past tense describing how a lock system works. – Use the animation below to help you.
  242. 242. • Answer: A lock system works by having a fixed chamber that can raise or lower a boat by filling or draining the chamber with water.
  243. 243. • Lock system for The Three Gorges Dam in China. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244. • How does a hydroelectric dam work?
  245. 245. • Answer: The water has potential energy (position), and creates kinetic energy (motion). This motion spins a turbine which can generate electricity. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. • Activity! Indentifying the parts of a hydroelectric dam. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  249. 249. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  250. 250. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  251. 251. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  252. 252. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  253. 253. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  254. 254. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  255. 255. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  256. 256. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  257. 257. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  258. 258. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  259. 259. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  260. 260. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  261. 261. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  262. 262. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  263. 263. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy River Penstock Powerlines Intake Reservoir Turbine Generator Powerhouse
  264. 264. ““Oh-No!”Oh-No!”
  265. 265. ““Oh-No!”Oh-No!” ““We are goingWe are going to do it again.”to do it again.”
  266. 266. • What is the name for the circled term?
  267. 267. • What is the name for the circled term? • Answer: Reservoir
  268. 268. • What is the name for the circled term?
  269. 269. • What is the name for the circled term? • Answer: River
  270. 270. • What is the name for the circled term?
  271. 271. • What is the name for the circled term? • Answer: Intake
  272. 272. • What is the name for the circled term?
  273. 273. • What is the name for the circled term? • Answer: Dam
  274. 274. • What is the name for the circled term?
  275. 275. • What is the name for the circled term? • Answer: Powerhouse
  276. 276. • What is the name for the circled term? • Answer: Powerhouse How a Hydroelectric Dam works. Learn more at… http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/hyhowworks.html
  277. 277. • You can now complete this question.
  278. 278. • Recommended Video! History Channel Modern Marvels on Dams. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MwTISnePb5M – Comes with worksheet to be completed during the video. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  279. 279. Dams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoilDams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoil the flow of great natural rivers, andthe flow of great natural rivers, and displace human populations.displace human populations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  280. 280. Dams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoilDams can also disrupt ecosystems, spoil the flow of great natural rivers, andthe flow of great natural rivers, and displace human populations.displace human populations. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about the positives and negatives of dams at… http://ijolite.geology.uiuc.edu/05sprgclass/geo49 7/class%2013%20/big%20dams.htm
  281. 281. • Activity! The Dam Debate. – You will role play, write, and present a persuasive speech about a dam proposal in a small town. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  282. 282. • Activity: Dam Debate Project / Speech – Each student will pick a character randomly. • Card tells if you are for or against dam. • Gender isn’t important, just change name. – Students prepare a short speech in character about dam. – We will have a town meeting to discuss the possible dam. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  283. 283. • These are a few of the roles that you will have to become. • (The people at the town meeting) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. • These are a few of the roles that you will have to become. • (The people at the town meeting) – Pay attention because you will be given time to trade your role to a peer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. • These are a few of the roles that you will have to become. • (The people at the town meeting) • Pay attention because you will be given time to trade your role to a peer. • Gender doesn’t matter, just change first name of card picked (Jim  Jill) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. • Mayor Ferguson: Town Mayor • (For Dam) – Will bring the town $ (development). – More jobs to the town people. – More tax revenue.
  287. 287. • Mayor Ferguson: Town Mayor • (For Dam) – Will bring the town $ (development). – More jobs to the town people. – More tax revenue.
  288. 288. • Harold Jingles: Town Local • (Against Dam) – Doesn’t want development of town. – Enjoys the natural environment. – Likes the simple life of a small town.
  289. 289. • Harold Jingles: Town Local • (Against Dam) – Doesn’t want development of town. – Enjoys the natural environment. – Likes the simple life of a small town.
  290. 290. • Ginger Snapps: • Store Owner • (For Dam) – The dam will bring increased profit to her general store. – She will hire more people. – Provide more services to the town.
  291. 291. • Ginger Snapps: • Store Owner • (For Dam) – The dam will bring increased profit to her general store. – She will hire more people. – Provide more services to the town.
  292. 292. • Allen Story: • Historical Home Ownwer • (Against Dam) – Owns a home from the 1700’s, historical importance, – Doesn’t want to see reservoir flood his home. – Won’t relocate.
  293. 293. • Allen Story: • Historical Home Ownwer • (Against Dam) – Owns a home from the 1700’s, historical importance, – Doesn’t want to see reservoir flood his home. – Won’t relocate.
  294. 294. • E. Conomy • Business Woman • (For Dam) – Has big business plans for the town. – Increase in land values. – Working closely with mayor.
  295. 295. • E. Conomy • Business Woman • (For Dam) – Has big business plans for the town. – Increase in land values. – Working closely with mayor.
  296. 296. • Jumping Salmon: • Tribal Leader • (Against Dam) – Destruction of culturally important land. – Subsistence for his people. – Destruction of the environment.
  297. 297. • Jumping Salmon: • Tribal Leader • (Against Dam) – Destruction of culturally important land. – Subsistence for his people. – Destruction of the environment.
  298. 298. • Carla Dean Minium • Housing Developer • (For Dam) – Plans on developing Lakeside housing. – Money and jobs for town. – Increase in tourism to town.
  299. 299. • Carla Dean Minium • Housing Developer • (For Dam) – Plans on developing Lakeside housing. – Money and jobs for town. – Increase in tourism to town.
  300. 300. • T. M. Burr • Logger • (Against Dam) – Damming the river will ruin destroy valuable timber land. – Compensation offered is not enough. – Many plants and animals will be lost / productive land submerged.
  301. 301. • T. M. Burr • Logger • (Against Dam) – Damming the river will ruin destroy valuable timber land. – Compensation offered is not enough. – Many plants and animals will be lost / productive land submerged.
  302. 302. • Jill Handy: • Unemployed • (For Dam) – Needs a job which will be offered from construction. – More money to the town and for the schools. – More tax revenue to build better roads in town.
  303. 303. • Jill Handy: • Unemployed • (For Dam) – Needs a job which will be offered from construction. – More money to the town and for the schools. – More tax revenue to build better roads in town.
  304. 304. • Cye N. Tist: • Biologist • (Against Dam) – Destruction of river ecosystem – To discuss problems of dam to river environment.
  305. 305. • Cye N. Tist: • Biologist • (Against Dam) – Destruction of river ecosystem – To discuss problems of dam to river environment.
  306. 306. • Cody • Fishing Guide • (Against Dam) – Guides for salmon on the river and will lose business. – Loss of business Increase in tourism to town.
  307. 307. • Cody • Fishing Guide • (Against Dam) – Guides for salmon on the river and will lose business. – Loss of business Increase in tourism to town.
  308. 308. • Jill Weeters • Wakeboarder • (For Dam) – Looking to go pro in wake boarding and the lake will provide recreation opportunities for boaters. – Increase in tourism to the town.
  309. 309. • Jill Weeters • Wakeboarder • (For Dam) – Looking to go pro in wake boarding and the lake will provide recreation opportunities for boaters. – Increase in tourism to the town.
  310. 310. • Owen Lars • Whitewater Kayaker • (Against Dam) – Loss of awesome whitewater river. – Loss of tourism – Loss of recreation.
  311. 311. • Owen Lars • Whitewater Kayaker • (Against Dam) – Loss of awesome whitewater river. – Loss of tourism – Loss of recreation.
  312. 312. • O. L. Slick • Boat Store Owner (For Dam) – New Lake will increases business and tourism to town. – More boating opportunities. – Has plans with mayor for local marina.
  313. 313. • O. L. Slick • Boat Store Owner (For Dam) – New Lake will increases business and tourism to town. – More boating opportunities. – Has plans with mayor for local marina.
  314. 314. • I. M. Floaten • Rafting Guide (Against Dam) – Damming the river will ruin his business. – Loss of money and jobs from tourism decrease. – Last great whitewater opportunity in area.
  315. 315. • I. M. Floaten • Rafting Guide (Against Dam) – Damming the river will ruin his business. – Loss of money and jobs from tourism decrease. – Last great whitewater opportunity in area.
  316. 316. • Rick Culture • Farmer • (For Dam) – New Lake will provide irrigation for his crops year round. – Increase in food production and profit.
  317. 317. • Rick Culture • Farmer • (For Dam) – New Lake will provide irrigation for his crops year round. – Increase in food production and profit.
  318. 318. • Simple Simon • Organic Farmer • (Against Dam) – Loss of nutrient rich flood waters means the use of expensive fertilizers. – Decrease in organic food and animal production.
  319. 319. • Simple Simon • Organic Farmer • (Against Dam) – Loss of nutrient rich flood waters means the use of expensive fertilizers. – Decrease in organic food and animal production.
  320. 320. • Alotta Powers • Spokesperson for Electrical Company • (For Dam) – Increase in electricity production – Decrease in electrical cost to town. – Less Blackouts. – More jobs and growth opportunities.
  321. 321. • Alotta Powers • Spokesperson for Electrical Company • (For Dam) – Increase in electricity production – Decrease in electrical cost to town. – Less Blackouts. – More jobs and growth opportunities.
  322. 322. • Art Vandeleigh • Ornithologist / Bird Watcher • (Against Dam) – Nesting Eagles rely on river for survival. – Eagles are on endangered species list. – River ecosystem is better for birds than reservoir.
  323. 323. • Art Vandeleigh • Ornithologist / Bird Watcher • (Against Dam) – Nesting Eagles rely on river for survival. – Eagles are on endangered species list. – River ecosystem is better for birds than reservoir.
  324. 324. • Mrs. Fletcher • Senior Citizen • (For Dam) – Damming the river will provide low cost electricity. – Wants to the see the town grow because it is difficult having to drive long distances for services and goods. – Remembers the Flooding that destroyed town (1921). – Her son needs a job.
  325. 325. • Mrs. Fletcher • Senior Citizen • (For Dam) – Damming the river will provide low cost electricity. – Wants to the see the town grow because it is difficult having to drive long distances for services and goods. – Remembers the Flooding that destroyed town (1921). – Her son needs a job.
  326. 326. • Patty Meadows • Archeologist • (Against Dam) – Damming the river will flood important archeological sites. – Permanent loss of knowledge.
  327. 327. • Patty Meadows • Archeologist • (Against Dam) – Damming the river will flood important archeological sites. – Permanent loss of knowledge.
  328. 328. • Jacob House • Developer • (For Dam) – Damming the river will provide a lake which will increase land value. – Lakeside houses that will be built will increase tax revenue, more services for town. – Working closely with the mayor. – More construction jobs will be needed.
  329. 329. • Jacob House • Developer • (For Dam) – Damming the river will provide a lake which will increase land value. – Lakeside houses that will be built will increase tax revenue, more services for town. – Working closely with the mayor. – More construction jobs will be needed.
  330. 330. • Linda Dripper • Director of Water Quality • (For Dam) – Damming the river will provide a lake which will provide a clean source of drinking water. – No more water bans. – Decrease in water bills, cleaner, and tastier water.
  331. 331. • Linda Dripper • Director of Water Quality • (For Dam) – Damming the river will provide a lake which will provide a clean source of drinking water. – No more water bans. – Decrease in water bills, cleaner, and tastier water.
  332. 332. • Margaret East • Town Local • (Againt Dam) – The large dam and unsightly powerlines will take away from the aesthetic value of the town. – The river is part of the towns place and should be protected. – She remembers playing in the river when she was younger.
  333. 333. • Margaret East • Town Local • (Againt Dam) – The large dam and unsightly powerlines will take away from the aesthetic value of the town. – The river is part of the towns place and should be protected. – She remembers playing in the river when she was younger.
  334. 334. • Harvey West • Angry Town Local • (For Dam) – Damming the river will help the town get out of debt. – Increase in housing market and more jobs – Angry at people who oppose growth.
  335. 335. • Harvey West • Angry Town Local • (For Dam) – Damming the river will help the town get out of debt. – Increase in housing market and more jobs.
  336. 336. • Bobbie Law Keeper • Local Police Chief • (Against Dam) – He is the only officer in the town. Increased traffic to town + hundreds of new workers may cause problems. – Needs more staff, more vehicles (marine), and more money if this happens. – The town isn’t ready yet.
  337. 337. • Bobbie Law Keeper • Local Police Chief • (Against Dam) – He is the only officer in the town. Increased traffic to town + hundreds of new workers may cause problems. – Needs more staff, more vehicles (marine), and more money if this happens. – The town isn’t ready yet.
  338. 338. • Dr. Sidney Jones • School Principal • (Against Dam) – Current school is to small to accommodate rapid increase in students. – New School will need to be created + increase in staff. – Money will be needed to build a new school. – The town isn’t ready yet.
  339. 339. • Dr. Sidney Jones • School Principal • (Against Dam) – Current school is to small to accommodate rapid increase in students. – New School will need to be created + increase in staff. – Money will be needed to build a new school. – The town isn’t ready yet.
  340. 340. • Dr. Gina Reynolds • Engineer • (Against Dam) – The core material that is being proposed for the dam is not ideal. – The layout of the land, lack of proposed spillway, and history of major floods events puts people and property at risk.
  341. 341. • Dr. Gina Reynolds • Engineer • (Against Dam) – The core material that is being proposed for the dam is not ideal. – The layout of the land, lack of proposed spillway, and history of major floods events puts people and property at risk.
  342. 342. • Dr. Tom Feeley • Engineer • (For Dam) – The planned earthen gravity dam is perfectly safe. – Many safety measures in the construction process will be used.
  343. 343. • Dr. Tom Feeley • Engineer • (For Dam) – The planned earthen gravity dam is perfectly safe. – Many safety measures in the construction process will be used.
  344. 344. • Make Your Own • Career ___________ • (Against Dam) • - • - • -
  345. 345. • Make Your Own • Career ___________ • (For Dam) • - • - • -
  346. 346. • Preparing for your speech.
  347. 347. • Preparing for your speech – This is scary if you are not prepared.
  348. 348. • Preparing for your speech – This is scary if you are not prepared.
  349. 349. This guy is so unprepared.
  350. 350. This speech is a waste of time.
  351. 351. What is he talking about?
  352. 352. Did he prepare at all for this project?
  353. 353. I look engaged but I’m just faking..
  354. 354. This is just opinion, he has no facts.
  355. 355. This speech is the worst.
  356. 356. Oh Brother, I should have prepared a better speech.
  357. 357. • Welcome – Town People, Press, Businesses • Introduction – Who you are? – Why are you here? (For or Against Dam / Thesis) • Body Paragraph – Discuss your most important reason (for/against) the dam, relate to who you are. – Discuss a few secondary reasons, • Conclusion – Bring argument together (Quick Summary) – Offer solutions – Reinforce your main argument – Thank people for listening and urge them to vote (for/against) – Reminders: Be persuasive, provoke emotion, convince audience to take action. Back up conclusions with facts. Reminder: Be persuasive, provoke emotion, convince audience to take action. Back up conclusions with facts, cite these facts. Ex.) A World Environment Report (2005) found that reservoirs from dams have a significant impact on global biodiversity.
  358. 358. • Welcome – Town People, Press, Businesses • Introduction – Who you are? – Why are you here? (For or Against Dam / Thesis) • Body Paragraph – Discuss your most important reason (for/against) the dam, relate to who you are. – Discuss a few secondary reasons, • Conclusion – Bring argument together (Quick Summary) – Offer solutions – Reinforce your main argument – Thank people for listening and urge them to vote (for/against) – Reminders: Be persuasive, provoke emotion, convince audience to take action. Back up conclusions with facts.
  359. 359. • You can now complete this question.
  360. 360. • Complete this question between presentations. – List the person and their reason for being for or against the dam.
  361. 361. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – When you think you know, raise your hand. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  362. 362. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – When you think you know, raise your hand. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  363. 363. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. – When you think you know, raise your hand. You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  364. 364. • You can now record information in the white space and then neatly color the pictures.
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  382. 382. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php? p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx? journal=tstPlease visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  383. 383. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to and NSTA) • http://www.sciencedaily.com/ • http://www.sciencemag.org/ • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx? journal=tst
  384. 384. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/
  385. 385. • This PowerPoint is only small part of my Rivers, Lakes, and Water Quality Unit. – This unit includes a four part 2,150 slide PowerPoint roadmap. – 13 page bundled homework, modified version, 8 pages of lesson notes, built-in visual quizzes, review game, 23 video links, hands-on activities with instructions and questions, crossword, rubrics, projects, answer keys, readings, materials list, curriculum guide, and much more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quali ty_Unit.htm
  386. 386. Areas of Focus within The Rivers and Water Quality Unit: Watersheds, Rivers of the United States, Sections of a River, Parts of River (Vocabulary), Stream Order, Erosion and Deposition, Water Quality, Chemical Properties of Water, Bio-Indicators of Water Quality (EPT richness), Physical Properties of Water Quality, Rivers and Flooding, Factors that Control Flooding, Types of Flooding, Tsunami’s, Wetlands, Flood Prevention, Levees, Dams and Ecosystem, Importance of Dams, Impacts of Dams, Hydropower, Parts of Dam, Salmon (Life Cycle), Systems of Help Salmon, Fish (General), Layering in a Lake, Lake Turnover, Nutrients and Lakes. Full Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.h tm
  387. 387. http://www.teacherspay teachers.com/Product/P hysical-Science- Curriculum-596485 http://www.teachersp ayteachers.com/Produ ct/Life-Science- Curriculum-601267 http://www.teachersp ayteachers.com/Produ ct/Earth-Science- Curriculum-590950
  388. 388. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  389. 389. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  390. 390. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed
  391. 391. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/

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