• Brown tree snake: Has killed off many native
birds in Hawaii which never had snakes
before they were introduced.
Copyrig...
 New Area of Focus: Exotic Species
 New Area of Focus: Exotic Species
 Exotic species: A species that has been
introduced to an ecosystem that is not
native to the area.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan...
 Endemic: Has lived in the area for a
considerable amount of time. (Native)
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Human activities (globalization) have
greatly increased the spread of exotic
species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Human activities (globalization) have
greatly increased the spread of exotic
species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Human activities (globalization) have
greatly increased the spread of exotic
species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Activity Reading Ahead.
• I will discuss the way exotics are spread.
• Along the way you will see some readings
/ exotic...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Water is added to ballast tanks to help
keep the boat balanced.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Local ballast water is pumped into empty
cargo vessel
• Local ballast water is pumped into empty
cargo vessel  Boat travels across ocean.
• Local ballast water is pumped into empty
cargo vessel  Boat travels across ocean.
The same ballast water is emptied in ...
• This is an example of a submarine, the
same process occurs with large ships.
• This is an example of a submarine, the
same process occurs with large ships.
• This is an example of a submarine, the
same process occurs with large ships.
• This is an example of a submarine, the
same process occurs with large ships.
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Exotic species travel by…
– Ballast water
– Boat hulls
– Aquaculture escape
– Intentional introductions
– Aquarium relea...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Other ways exotic species are spread.
– Domestic animals become feral
– Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it)
– Scie...
• Readings / Links
• Zebra Mussels
– http://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/clams/zebra.html
• Nile Perch
– http://library....
• Prepare a short presentation to the class.
• Who (exotic)?, What, Where, When, Why?
• Video Link! (Optional) Everglade Exotics.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJvZMTO4
QVY Part I (5:25) Fish
– http://www....
• You can now complete these questions on
your bundled homework.
• You can now complete these questions on
your bundled homework.
 Negative impacts of invasive exotic
species.
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Negative impacts of invasive exotic
species.
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
 -
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Increased predation.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Brown tree snake: Has killed off many native
birds in Hawaii which never had snakes
before they were introduced.
Copyrig...
• Brown tree snake: Has killed off many native
birds in Hawaii which never had snakes
before they were introduced.
Copyrig...
 Increased competition.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
• Without predators, rabbits introduced to
Australia spread and destroyed the
landscape leaving very little food and water...
 Spread disease.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Asian chestnut blight fungus
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Asian long horn beetle is destroying native
trees.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Didymo: AKA rock snot (diatom / algae)
Covers rocks and destroys fisheries.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Habitat destruction.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Eurasian Water Milfoil: Spreads rapidly
and chokes lakes and ponds.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Some lakes have Eurasian Water Milfoil
patrols. They check boats to make sure
milfoil is not caught on the propeller and...
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in
the picture below.
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in
the picture below.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in
the picture below.
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in
the picture below.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in
the picture below.
Answer: Check the interior of the boat and
the anchor as well.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in
the picture below.
• Answer: Trailer Hitch
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Try and find the Eurasian Water Mifoil in
the picture below.
• The vehicle that drops the boat in the
water can pick up the aquatic plant.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
 Cause the extinction of a native species.
• Goats were dropped off on oceanic islands
so sailors could visit the islands years later
and eat goats.
Copyright © 2010...
• Goats were dropped off on oceanic islands
so sailors could visit the islands years later
and eat goats.
– These goats dr...
 Damage the economy.
• Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship
ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since
covered everything costing mill...
• Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship
ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since
covered everything costing mill...
• Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship
ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since
covered everything costing mill...
• Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship
ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since
covered everything costing mill...
• Video Link (Optional) Exotics and the
Great Lakes Ecosystem
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-
V5513w1XSk
• Corn root worm: Damages corn crops.
• Kudzu: Grows really fast and is difficult to
control.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Kudzu: Grows really fast and is difficult to
control. What is this a picture of?
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
House
• Video Link! (Optional) Kudzu
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiYrqucl
2vg&feature=related
 Damage to human health.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Africanized Bee: AKA Killer Bees, much
more aggressive than native honey bees.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
• Video! Asian Flying Carp: These carp can
leap into the air. They can weigh a lot and
cause bodily harm.
– http://www.you...
Video! Asian Flying Carp
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=InENM6
fwIwE
 Biological control: The purposeful
introduction of natural enemies to control
exotic species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
 Biological control: The purposeful
introduction of natural enemies to control
exotic species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
 Biological control: The purposeful
introduction of natural enemies to control
exotic species.
Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. M...
• Weevil introductions have occurred to see if
they will eat the Eurasian Milfoil that is
choking waterways.
Copyright © 2...
• Some argue that this kind of approach is
just putting fuel on to the fire.
• Some argue that this kind of approach is
just putting fuel on to the fire. The
introduced control exotic may alter the
e...
• Some argue that this kind of approach is
just putting fuel on to the fire. The
introduced control exotic may alter the
e...
• Video Link! Hank explains invasive exotic
species.
– Preview for language.
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDOwTXobJ3k
• Activity! Creating a wanted poster for an
invasive exotic species.
–One page, should have WANTED in bold
print.
–Use the...
• Research Page provided that needs to be
completed before WANTED Poster can be
constructed
• Great Websites to visit for research.
– Plants:
http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/invasivet
utorial/List.htm
– Worldw...
• List and links of some Top Invasive Exotic
Species to choose from.
• Asian Carp
• Rabbits
• Cane Toads
• Kudzu
• Gray Sq...
• Example without answers to questions.
•
Wanted
Zebra Mussel
(Driessina polymorpha)
The damage it
causes to
people and th...
• You can now complete these questions on
your bundled homework package.
• You can now complete these questions on
your bundled homework package.
• Try to figure out the picture beneath the
boxes first.
– Raise your hand when you know, you only get
one guess.
Copyrigh...
And an invasive
exotic species to the
Great Lake
Ecosystem…
• Try to figure out the picture beneath the
boxes first.
– Raise your hand when you know, you only get
one guess.
Copyrigh...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and
Literacy Opportunity Worksheet
– Visit some of the many provided links or..
– Art...
• This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology
Interactions Unit. This unit includes
• 3 Part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint
• ...
Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit:
Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the
Biosphere, ...
• Please visit the links below to learn more
about each of the units in this curriculum
– These units take me about four y...
Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide
Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_In...
• Thank you for your time and interest in this
curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on
how a unit works and l...
• The entire four year curriculum can be found at...
http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to
contact me with any...
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem
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This PowerPoint was one very small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html .This unit includes a 3 part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint loaded with activities, project ideas, critical class notes (red slides), review opportunities, challenge questions with answers, 3 PowerPoint review games (125 slides each) and much more. A bundled homework package and detailed unit notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow.
Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thank you again and best wishes.

Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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Exotic Species Lesson PowerPoint, Invaisive Species, Animals, Plants, Ecosystem

  1. 1. • Brown tree snake: Has killed off many native birds in Hawaii which never had snakes before they were introduced. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2.  New Area of Focus: Exotic Species
  3. 3.  New Area of Focus: Exotic Species
  4. 4.  Exotic species: A species that has been introduced to an ecosystem that is not native to the area. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5.  Endemic: Has lived in the area for a considerable amount of time. (Native) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  6. 6.  Human activities (globalization) have greatly increased the spread of exotic species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  Human activities (globalization) have greatly increased the spread of exotic species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8.  Human activities (globalization) have greatly increased the spread of exotic species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Activity Reading Ahead. • I will discuss the way exotics are spread. • Along the way you will see some readings / exotic species (6 reading links) • Decide with your group (6 groups) which reading you would like. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, • Prepare a short presentation to the class. • Who (exotic)?, What, Where, When, Why?
  10. 10. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Water is added to ballast tanks to help keep the boat balanced. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Local ballast water is pumped into empty cargo vessel
  14. 14. • Local ballast water is pumped into empty cargo vessel  Boat travels across ocean.
  15. 15. • Local ballast water is pumped into empty cargo vessel  Boat travels across ocean. The same ballast water is emptied in a new port releasing the exotic species.
  16. 16. • This is an example of a submarine, the same process occurs with large ships.
  17. 17. • This is an example of a submarine, the same process occurs with large ships.
  18. 18. • This is an example of a submarine, the same process occurs with large ships.
  19. 19. • This is an example of a submarine, the same process occurs with large ships.
  20. 20. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Zebra Mussels Available Reading http://www.fws.gov/midwest/en dangered/clams/zebra.html
  22. 22. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Reading Link about Nile Perch http://library.thinkquest.org/ 03oct/00946/accounts/fish.h tm
  26. 26. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Feral Hogs Available reading: http://www.tpwd.state.t x.us/huntwild/wild/nuisa nce/feral_hogs/
  28. 28. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Kudzu Available Reading http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/for estry/invasivetutorial/kudzu.htm
  31. 31. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Exotic species travel by… – Ballast water – Boat hulls – Aquaculture escape – Intentional introductions – Aquarium releases – Live food industry (escapes) – Driving vehicles – Escaped ornamental plants – Fishing bait release – Illegal stockings Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Nutria reading available: http://www.dnr.state.md.us/ wildlife/Plants_Wildlife/invnu triafaq.asp
  37. 37. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Japanese Knotweed Available Reading. http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fac t/faja1.htm
  43. 43. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control an exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control another exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • Other ways exotic species are spread. – Domestic animals become feral – Disposal of waste water (has seeds in it) – Science laboratory escape – Sea food packaging disposal – Past government programs. – Moving fill (has seeds) – Land and water alterations – Biological control introductions – Introduce and exotic to control another exotic. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Readings / Links • Zebra Mussels – http://www.fws.gov/midwest/endangered/clams/zebra.html • Nile Perch – http://library.thinkquest.org/03oct/00946/accounts/fish.htm • Feral Hogs / Boar – http://www.tpwd.state.tx.us/huntwild/wild/nuisance/feral_hogs/ • Kudzu – http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/invasivetutorial/kudzu.htm • Nutria – http://www.dnr.state.md.us/wildlife/Plants_Wildlife/invnutriafaq.asp • Japanese Knotweed – http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/faja1.htm
  52. 52. • Prepare a short presentation to the class. • Who (exotic)?, What, Where, When, Why?
  53. 53. • Video Link! (Optional) Everglade Exotics. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJvZMTO4 QVY Part I (5:25) Fish – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=43XN6VBtF XU Part II (5:45) Burmese Python
  54. 54. • You can now complete these questions on your bundled homework.
  55. 55. • You can now complete these questions on your bundled homework.
  56. 56.  Negative impacts of invasive exotic species.  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57.  Negative impacts of invasive exotic species.  -  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58.  Increased predation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Brown tree snake: Has killed off many native birds in Hawaii which never had snakes before they were introduced. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • Brown tree snake: Has killed off many native birds in Hawaii which never had snakes before they were introduced. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61.  Increased competition. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Try and find a rabbit on the Australian landscape beneath this box
  64. 64. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Get Ready!
  65. 65. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • Without predators, rabbits introduced to Australia spread and destroyed the landscape leaving very little food and water for native species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69.  Spread disease. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  70. 70. • Asian chestnut blight fungus Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  71. 71. • Asian long horn beetle is destroying native trees. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Didymo: AKA rock snot (diatom / algae) Covers rocks and destroys fisheries. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73.  Habitat destruction. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • Eurasian Water Milfoil: Spreads rapidly and chokes lakes and ponds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • Some lakes have Eurasian Water Milfoil patrols. They check boats to make sure milfoil is not caught on the propeller and trailer and hitch hikes to the next lake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in the picture below.
  77. 77. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in the picture below.
  78. 78. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in the picture below.
  80. 80. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in the picture below.
  81. 81. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in the picture below.
  83. 83. Answer: Check the interior of the boat and the anchor as well.
  84. 84. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Milfoil in the picture below.
  86. 86. • Answer: Trailer Hitch
  87. 87. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Try and find the Eurasian Water Mifoil in the picture below.
  89. 89. • The vehicle that drops the boat in the water can pick up the aquatic plant.
  90. 90. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93.  Cause the extinction of a native species.
  94. 94. • Goats were dropped off on oceanic islands so sailors could visit the islands years later and eat goats. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Goats were dropped off on oceanic islands so sailors could visit the islands years later and eat goats. – These goats drove mass extinction to most native plants on these islands. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96.  Damage the economy.
  97. 97. • Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since covered everything costing millions of dollars to clean. It also disrupted the ecosystem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since covered everything costing millions of dollars to clean. It also disrupted the ecosystem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since covered everything costing millions of dollars to clean. It also disrupted the ecosystem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Zebra Mussel: This exotic arrived in ship ballast water in the Great Lakes. It has since covered everything costing millions of dollars to clean. It also disrupted the ecosystem. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Video Link (Optional) Exotics and the Great Lakes Ecosystem – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=- V5513w1XSk
  102. 102. • Corn root worm: Damages corn crops.
  103. 103. • Kudzu: Grows really fast and is difficult to control. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • Kudzu: Grows really fast and is difficult to control. What is this a picture of? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. House
  106. 106. • Video Link! (Optional) Kudzu • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiYrqucl 2vg&feature=related
  107. 107.  Damage to human health. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • Africanized Bee: AKA Killer Bees, much more aggressive than native honey bees. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • Video! Asian Flying Carp: These carp can leap into the air. They can weigh a lot and cause bodily harm. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLFe8xfgx24 – They also harm the ecosystem by out competing native fish. (Interspecific Competition) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. Video! Asian Flying Carp http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=InENM6 fwIwE
  111. 111.  Biological control: The purposeful introduction of natural enemies to control exotic species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  112. 112.  Biological control: The purposeful introduction of natural enemies to control exotic species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113.  Biological control: The purposeful introduction of natural enemies to control exotic species. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “I’m new to this neighborhood.” “Have you seen any of those exotic beetles for me to eat?
  114. 114. • Weevil introductions have occurred to see if they will eat the Eurasian Milfoil that is choking waterways. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. • Some argue that this kind of approach is just putting fuel on to the fire.
  116. 116. • Some argue that this kind of approach is just putting fuel on to the fire. The introduced control exotic may alter the ecosystem even more.
  117. 117. • Some argue that this kind of approach is just putting fuel on to the fire. The introduced control exotic may alter the ecosystem even more. Proper management is important.
  118. 118. • Video Link! Hank explains invasive exotic species. – Preview for language. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eDOwTXobJ3k
  119. 119. • Activity! Creating a wanted poster for an invasive exotic species. –One page, should have WANTED in bold print. –Use the internet to research from a list of exotics. –Requires picture of the specimen and name. –Information about exotic. –Describes the negative impacts of the exotic. –What is being done to control the exotic? –How did the exotic arrive? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Research Page provided that needs to be completed before WANTED Poster can be constructed
  121. 121. • Great Websites to visit for research. – Plants: http://www.dcnr.state.pa.us/forestry/invasivet utorial/List.htm – Worldwide: http://www.issg.org/database/species/search. asp?st=100ss – General: – http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/
  122. 122. • List and links of some Top Invasive Exotic Species to choose from. • Asian Carp • Rabbits • Cane Toads • Kudzu • Gray Squirrel • Killer Bees • Starlings • Northern Snakehead • Zebra Mussels • Burmese Python • Water Hyacinth • Nutria • Alewife • Brown Tree Snake • Asian Longhorn Beetle • Rock Snot Didymo • Dutch Elem Disease
  123. 123. • Example without answers to questions. • Wanted Zebra Mussel (Driessina polymorpha) The damage it causes to people and the ecosystem: What is being done to prevent its spread? General information about the species. How did it get here? Works Cited: Use Citation Machine here. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. • You can now complete these questions on your bundled homework package.
  125. 125. • You can now complete these questions on your bundled homework package.
  126. 126. • Try to figure out the picture beneath the boxes first. – Raise your hand when you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. And an invasive exotic species to the Great Lake Ecosystem…
  128. 128. • Try to figure out the picture beneath the boxes first. – Raise your hand when you know, you only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tst Please visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet
  130. 130. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  131. 131. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my Ecology Interactions Unit. This unit includes • 3 Part 2000+ Slide PowerPoint • 12 page bundled homework packaged that chronologically follows PowerPoint, + modified version and answer keys. • 7 pages of unit notes with visuals • 3 PowerPoint review games with answer keys. • Rubrics, games, flash cards and much more. • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactio ns_Unit.html
  132. 132. Areas of Focus within The Ecology Interactions Unit: Levels of Biological Organization (Ecology), Parts of the Biosphere, Habitat, Ecological Niche, Types of Competition, Competitive Exclusion Theory, Animal Interactions, Food Webs, Predator Prey Relationships, Camouflage, Population Sampling, Abundance, Relative Abundance, Diversity, Mimicry, Batesian Mimicry, Mullerian Mimicry, Symbiosis, Parasitism, Mutualism, Commensalism, Plant and Animal Interactions, Coevolution, Animal Strategies to Eat Plants, Plant Defense Mechanisms, Exotic Species, Impacts of Invasive Exotic Species. An entire mini unit of ecological succession is also included with homework, notes, field study project and PowerPoint review gameFull Unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html
  133. 133. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  134. 134. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  135. 135. • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
  136. 136. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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