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Evolution, Bird Adaptations Lesson, Biology PowerPoint, Bird Beaks

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Change Topics Unit (Evolution and Natural Selection) unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3200+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, ...

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Change Topics Unit (Evolution and Natural Selection) unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3200+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 27 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within the Change Topics Unit:
Concept "Everything is Changing", The Diversity of Life Photo Tour, Evolution History,Scopes Monkey Trials, Darwin, Evolution, Evidences of Evolution, Four Parts to Darwin's Theory, Natural Selection, The Mechanisms for Natural Selection, Divergent Evolution, Convergent Evolution, What does it mean to be living?, Characteristics of Living Things, Origins of Life (Other Theories), Origins of Life (Science Theory), Needs of Living Things, Origins of the Universe (Timeline), Miller-Urey Experiment, Amino Acids, How Water Aided in the Origin of Life, Human Evolution, Hominid Features, Evidences of Human Evolution, Hominid Skulls Ecological Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession, Plant Succession, Animal Succession, Stages of Ecological Succession, Events that Restart Succession.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

The Evolution and Natural / Change Topics Unit explores Evolution, Natural Selection, Characteristics of Life, Life Origins, Human Origins, Earth System History and Ecological Succession.

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Evolution, Bird Adaptations Lesson, Biology PowerPoint, Bird Beaks Evolution, Bird Adaptations Lesson, Biology PowerPoint, Bird Beaks Presentation Transcript

  • • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • • Darwin observed the Galapagos finches while traveling on the H.M.S Beagle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Evolution Available Sheet that follows slideshow for classwork.
  • • Darwin hypothesized that one finch landed on the Island. – This one finch over time and evolved into many different types of finches. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Some finches have small beaks to eats small seeds, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Some finches have small beaks to eats small seeds, other finches have large beaks to crush hard large seeds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Some finches have small beaks to eats small seeds, other finches have large beaks to crush hard large seeds. Other beaks were designed to catch insects. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which Finch is better adapted to crush large seeds that fall to the ground? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which Finch is better adapted to crush large seeds that fall to the ground? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • They even evolved into a Vampire Finch. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Many species were able to thrive if they made the journey to the Galapagos because once they arrived there were very few mammalian predators. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Activity! Bird Monsters.
  •  Please record the following  Beak types (utensils)  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  •  Spoon beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  •  Grabber Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  •  Magnetic Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  •  Tweezer Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  •  Tweezer Beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • In the follow activity: You are required to eat seeds from a tray using different style beaks.
  • • In the follow activity: You are required to eat seeds from a tray using different style beaks. – As Darwin’s finches varied, the type of beak and food sources also vary.
  • • Rules – Nothing hits the floor (slipping hazard). – Obtain seeds casually (not a race) even though in nature it’s a struggle for survival. – No interference, although this does occur in nature a little bit. – Put seeds in cup (without use of hands) – Return neatly at end. – Keep voices down and stay focused on the task. – No complaining please if you get a stinky beak. • The environment / food source determines the usefulness of your beak. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Activity! Bird Eating Monsters. – Please sketch the following trays into your journal. – You will record your table rank (1-4) 1st is the winner, 4th is last in the circle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Activity! Bird Eating Monsters. – Can you make a prediction as to which beak will be the best before the activity begins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Bird Eating Monsters Procedure. A.) You are required to compete (being friendly) with other members of your table to eat the seeds in the tray. B.) Each group member only gets one type of beak for the whole class. You must use only your left hand, collect as many seeds as possible in the time given. A new tray will arrive at your table by rotating from group to group clockwise. C.) Put the seeds in your cup. D.) Estimate your count when down (Record your table rank on your pictures) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Please answer the following in your journal? 1.) What type of beaks were suited for what type of seed? 2.) What beak was overall the best? Why? 3.) Was one of the beaks the worst? Which bird beak will most likely become extinct? 4.) What does this lab tell us about natural selection? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Answer: – The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Answer: – The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. – What’s favorable one year may not be favorable the next. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Answer: – The environment decides which traits are favorable and unfavorable. – What’s favorable one year may not be favorable the next. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival by investigating beak type and foot type. – Each table group gets a token for each member, a white board, and dry erase marker + wipe. – Guess right and keep your token, guess wrong and lose it. Who will survive to the end? – Tokens = surprise at end. More tokens, more of the surprise. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Activity! Bird Structure Function and Survival by investigating beak type and foot type. – Each table group gets a token for each member, a white board, and dry erase marker + wipe. – Guess right and keep your token, guess wrong and lose it. Who will survive to the end? – Tokens = surprise at end. More tokens, more of the surprise. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Good behavior = Bonus tokens to well behaved groups.
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking tough seeds? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking tough seeds? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by catching many small fish from the air? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by catching many small fish from the air? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by tearing through flesh and killing small animals? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its beak through the water to collect food? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by swiveling its beak through the water to collect food? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking through plant matter to find insects? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by breaking through plant matter to find insects? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird can survive in a number of different habitats including coastal waters, agricultural land, and probing deep into insect burrows. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird can survive in a number of different habitats including coastal waters, agricultural land, and probing deep into insect burrows. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of ponds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at surviving by obtaining insects, seeds, and plants from the bottom of ponds. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which bird will be best at stabbing through the water to catch fish and other animals.
  • • Which bird will be best at stabbing through the water to catch fish and other animals.
  • • Which bird will be best at tearing through the body of small birds?
  • • Which bird will be best at tearing through the body of small birds?
  • • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which four birds will be best at eating small insects, seeds, and plant matter with a multi- functional beak? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive in an aquatic environment? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive in an aquatic environment? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by walking through the mud? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by walking through the mud? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by perching on branches? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by perching on branches? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by clinging to the side of trees? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by clinging to the side of trees? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by grasping and killing prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to survive by grasping and killing prey? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to hop around, cling, and eat French Fries? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Which foot type is best adapted to hop around, cling, and eat French Fries? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • What animal has these feet?
  • • What animal has these feet?
  • • What animal has these feet?
  • • What animal has these feet?
  • • Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs
  • • Remember, Birds came from dinosaurs
  • This is grouse foot jewelry -Foot with lots of fine feathers to keep the bird warm on the snow.
  • The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly Pads because its toes are long.
  • The Jacana can walk on top of Lilly Pads because its toes are long.
  • • What type of birds are these?
  • • What type of birds are these? • Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
  • • What type of birds are these? • Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
  • • What type of birds are these? • Finches from the.. Galapagos Islands.
  • • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • • Which letter is the male, and which is the female?
  • • Male birds are generally more flashy than females because they don’t usually sit upon the eggs / need the camouflage. – They try to impress the girls…
  • • Activity! Bird Structure Function. – Who still has their token left?
  • • Tropical birds show many variations in colors. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • “Hey!” “Stop looking at my butt.”
  • • Video Link: Birds of Paradise. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L54bxmZ y_NE Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • • Evolution is the change in the gene pool overtime. – Gene Pools can change when… – Populations can shrink • Diseases, extinctions, introduction of new better adapted species, predators. – Non-random mating • Organisms choose strongest mate, ones in similar boundaries, – Mutations in the genes • Genes can change. Some are good, some are bad. • The environment will decide. – Movement in and out of the population • Immigration, gene flow. – Natural selection • Adaptations to the environment that do well replace poor ones. Usually an advancement.
  • http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • Areas of Focus within the Change Topics Unit: Evolution History, Scopes Monkey Trials, Darwin, Evolution, Evidences of Evolution, Four Parts to Darwin’s Theory, Natural Selection, The Mechanisms for Natural Selection, Divergent Evolution, Convergent Evolution, Diversity of Life Photo Tour, rWhat does it mean to be living?, Characteristics of Living Things, Origins of Life (Other Theories), Origins of Life (Science Theory), Needs of Living Things, Origins of the Universe (Timeline), Miller-Urey Experiment, Amino Acids, How Water Aided in the Origin of Life, Human Evolution, Hominid Features, Evidences of Human Evolution, Hominid Skulls Ecological Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession, Plant Succession, Animal Succession, Stages of Ecological Succession, Events that Restart Succession. Full unit can be found at… http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html
  • • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  • Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  • • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com