Environmental Studies Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Matter, Energy, and the Environment Unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 3,500+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 12 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 20 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus: Matter, Dark Matter, Elements and Compounds, States of Matter, Solids, Liquids, Gases, Plasma, Law Conservation of Matter, Physical Change, Chemical Change, Gas Laws, Charles Law, Avogadro's Law, Ideal Gas Law, Pascal's Law, Archimedes Principle, Buoyancy, Seven Forms of Energy, Nuclear Energy, Electromagnet Spectrum, Waves / Wavelengths, Light (Visible Light), Refraction, Diffraction, Lens, Convex / Concave, Radiation, Electricity, Lightning, Static Electricity, Magnetism, Coulomb's Law, Conductors, Insulators, Semi-conductors, AC and DC current, Amps, Watts, Resistance, Magnetism, Faraday's Law, Compass, Relativity, Einstein, and E=MC2, Energy, First Law of Thermodynamics, Second Law of Thermodynamics-Third Law of Thermodynamics, Industrial Processes, Environmental Studies, The 4 R's, Sustainability, Human Population Growth, Carrying Capacity, Green Design, Renewable Forms of Energy (The 11th Hour)

This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com
Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks

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Environmental Studies Lesson PowerPoint

  1. 1. • Key Themes in Environmental Science and Environmental Studies Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  2. 2. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn. Please label. Ice Melting Water Boiling Vapor GasT E M P Heat Added 
  4. 4. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  5. 5. • http://sciencepowerpoint.comWebsite Link:
  6. 6.  New Area of Focus: The Environment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7.  New Area of Focus: The Environment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • Warning! The following area of focus will not paint a happy picture of our environment. There is some… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  9. 9. • Warning! The following area of focus will not paint a happy picture of our environment. There is some… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  10. 10. • Warning! The following area of focus will not paint a happy picture of our environment. There is some… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Warning! The following area of focus will not paint a happy picture of our environment. There is some… • “Doom and Gloom!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • The truth is, the current status of the planet is not good from an environmental standpoint. Many advancements have occurred over the last thirty years, and the environment is in your hands to be changed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • The truth is, the current status of the planet is not good from an environmental standpoint. Many advancements have occurred over the last thirty years, and the environment is in your hands to be changed. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  14. 14. • Wouldn’t it be nice to just imagine that our world doesn’t have any serious problems. Just look at the good. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Wouldn’t it be nice to just imagine that our world doesn’t have any serious problems. Just look at the good. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Wouldn’t it be nice to just imagine that our world doesn’t have any serious problems. Just look at the good. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • “We can recycle matter but we can never recycle high-quality energy.” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • The law of conservation of matter and the first and second laws of energy give us keys for understanding and dealing with environmental problems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • The law of conservation of matter and the first and second laws of energy give us keys for understanding and dealing with environmental problems. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. • Law of Conservation of Matter: (everything must go somewhere) – 5 student volunteers needed to read Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. ―Can I go first.‖ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  23. 23. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. We only borrow some of the earth's resources for a while, taking them from the earth, carrying them to another part of the globe, processing them, using them, and then discarding, reusing, or recycling them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. We only borrow some of the earth's resources for a while, taking them from the earth, carrying them to another part of the globe, processing them, using them, and then discarding, reusing, or recycling them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. We only borrow some of the earth's resources for a while, taking them from the earth, carrying them to another part of the globe, processing them, using them, and then discarding, reusing, or recycling them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  28. 28. • Volunteer #1 • We talk about consuming, or using up material resources, but actually we don't consume any matter. We only borrow some of the earth's resources for a while, taking them from the earth, carrying them to another part of the globe, processing them, using them, and then discarding, reusing, or recycling them. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. ―Hey Buckaroo’s‖ ―Let me speak next‖ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • Volunteer #2 • In the process of using matter we may change it to another form, but in every case we neither create nor destroy any measurable amount of matter. This results from the law of conservation of matter: In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed but merely changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31. • Volunteer #2 • In the process of using matter we may change it to another form, but in every case we neither create nor destroy any measurable amount of matter. This results from the law of conservation of matter: In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed but merely changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32. • Volunteer #2 • In the process of using matter we may change it to another form, but in every case we neither create nor destroy any measurable amount of matter. This results from the law of conservation of matter: In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed but merely changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33. • Volunteer #2 • In the process of using matter we may change it to another form, but in every case we neither create nor destroy any measurable amount of matter. This results from the law of conservation of matter: In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed but merely changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34. • Volunteer #2 • In the process of using matter we may change it to another form, but in every case we neither create nor destroy any measurable amount of matter. This results from the law of conservation of matter: In any physical or chemical change, matter is neither created nor destroyed but merely changed from one form to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35. ―I’m shy but I’ll give speaking a shot.‖
  36. 36. • Volunteer #3 • When you throw away something, remember there is no "away." Everything we think we have thrown away is still here with us in one form or another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37. • Volunteer #3 • When you throw away something, remember there is no "away." Everything we think we have thrown away is still here with us in one form or another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38. • Volunteer #3 • When you throw away something, remember there is no "away." Everything we think we have thrown away is still here with us in one form or another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39. ―Nice work little bro.‖ ―I’ll take it from here.‖ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40. • Volunteer #4 • How does this affect environmental science ? Although we can certainly make the environment cleaner, the law of conservation of matter says we will always be faced with pollution of some sort. This means that we must trade-off one form of pollution for another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41. • Volunteer #4 • How does this affect environmental science ? Although we can certainly make the environment cleaner, the law of conservation of matter says we will always be faced with pollution of some sort. This means that we must trade-off one form of pollution for another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. • Volunteer #4 • How does this affect environmental science ? Although we can certainly make the environment cleaner, the law of conservation of matter says we will always be faced with pollution of some sort. This means that we must trade-off one form of pollution for another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  43. 43. • Volunteer #4 • How does this affect environmental science ? Although we can certainly make the environment cleaner, the law of conservation of matter says we will always be faced with pollution of some sort. This means that we must trade-off one form of pollution for another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • Volunteer #4 • How does this affect environmental science ? Although we can certainly make the environment cleaner, the law of conservation of matter says we will always be faced with pollution of some sort. This means that we must trade-off one form of pollution for another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. ―Nice work, ―I’ll take it from here.‖ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • Volunteer #5 • This trade-off involves making controversial scientific, political, economic, and ethical judgments about what is a dangerous pollution level, and to what degree a pollutant must be controlled, and what amount of money we are willing to pay to reduce the amount of a pollutant to a harmless level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • Volunteer #5 • This trade-off involves making controversial scientific, political, economic, and ethical judgments about what is a dangerous pollution level, and to what degree a pollutant must be controlled, and what amount of money we are willing to pay to reduce the amount of a pollutant to a harmless level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • Volunteer #5 • This trade-off involves making controversial scientific, political, economic, and ethical judgments about what is a dangerous pollution level, and to what degree a pollutant must be controlled, and what amount of money we are willing to pay to reduce the amount of a pollutant to a harmless level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • Volunteer #5 • This trade-off involves making controversial scientific, political, economic, and ethical judgments about what is a dangerous pollution level, and to what degree a pollutant must be controlled, and what amount of money we are willing to pay to reduce the amount of a pollutant to a harmless level. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. ―I’ll go again‖ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • Volunteer #1 Again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • Volunteer #1 Again. • The "throwaway" society found in most industrial countries is based on using more and more of the earth's matter and energy resources at a faster and faster rate. The earth receives a constant flow of energy from the sun, but for all practical purposes little matter enters or leaves the earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • Volunteer #1 Again. • The "throwaway" society found in most industrial countries is based on using more and more of the earth's matter and energy resources at a faster and faster rate. The earth receives a constant flow of energy from the sun, but for all practical purposes little matter enters or leaves the earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. ―I think it’s time for the teacher to read one!‖ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • Even with such a technological advance, the second energy law tells us that as we use more and more energy to transform matter into products and then recycle these products, the disorder in the environment will increase. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • Even with such a technological advance, the second energy law tells us that as we use more and more energy to transform matter into products and then recycle these products, the disorder in the environment will increase. Thus the second energy law tells us that the more we try to order, or "conquer" the earth, the greater the disorder we put into the environment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • We will always attempt to order the environment to some extent for our benefit, but the second energy law helps us understand that we should do so with ecological wisdom, care, and restraint. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • We will always attempt to order the environment to some extent for our benefit, but the second energy law helps us understand that we should do so with ecological wisdom, care, and restraint. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • Round of applause for our speakers Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • The average baby goes through 5,000 diapers before being potty-trained. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • The average baby goes through 5,000 diapers before being potty-trained. – Because 95 percent of these diaper are disposable, most of them end up in landfills. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • The average baby goes through 5,000 diapers before being potty-trained. – Because 95 percent of these diaper are disposable, most of them end up in landfills. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • The average baby goes through 5,000 diapers before being potty-trained. – Because 95 percent of these diaper are disposable, most of them end up in landfills. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • We need cradle to cradle, not cradle to grave. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • Old Coke bottles could be reused after washing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • New Coke bottles cannot be reused, but can be recycled which requires energy. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • This Juice Box is made, used once, and then discarded in a landfill. “Cradle to Grave” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • In nature – One organisms waste is another organisms food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • In nature – One organisms waste is another organisms food. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy ―Where’s the feces!‖
  70. 70. • Video Link! (Optional) Decomposition of a pig’s head over 120 days. – Caution! This is somewhat graphic. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zwUHrK0nLiM
  71. 71. • Activity! Two types of packaging peanuts. – Observe the two types of packaging peanuts. – What are the differences and similarities? – Which one is better for the environment? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  72. 72. • Answer! They are both very similar, But these packaging peanuts are biodegradable. The others are not. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  73. 73. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  74. 74. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  75. 75. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  78. 78. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  79. 79. • In our society, our waste is just that. – Very little of this waste can be utilized again. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  80. 80. • Activity! Waste turned into a useful product. – What was the original use of this product? – What can the new use of this product become? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  81. 81. • Answer: Old tires can be chopped up to become soft rubber ground cover for play structures. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  82. 82. • Energy Flow Lesson Available Sheet
  83. 83. • Activity, Examining energy flow Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  84. 84. • Activity, Examining energy flow – Please find one thing on your person and draw it in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  85. 85. • Activity, Examining energy flow – Please find one thing on your person and draw it in your science journal. – What is it made of? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  86. 86. • Activity, Examining energy flow – Please find one thing on your person and draw it in your science journal. – What is it made of? – Where was it made? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  87. 87. • Activity, Examining energy flow – Please find one thing on your person and draw it in your science journal. – What is it made of? – Where was it made? – Where was it purchased? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  88. 88. • Activity! Mapping our stuff, a lesson in energy flow. – You get to draw lots of small trucks and vehicles. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  89. 89. • Activity – Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  90. 90. • Activity – Draw a one page poster that shows every raw material from its collection, transportation, manufacturing, and delivering to assembly and redistribution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  91. 91. • Activity – Draw a one page poster that shows every raw material from its collection, transportation, manufacturing, and delivering to assembly and redistribution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  92. 92. • Activity – Draw a one page poster that shows every raw material from its collection, transportation, manufacturing, and delivering to assembly and redistribution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  93. 93. • Activity – Draw a one page poster that shows every raw material from its collection, transportation, manufacturing, and delivering to assembly and redistribution. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  94. 94. • Activity – Draw a one page poster that shows every raw material from its collection, transportation, manufacturing, and delivering to assembly and redistribution. – End with you picking up the item. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  95. 95. • Example – A pencil Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  96. 96. • Example – A pencil – Made of Wood (timber) Local? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  97. 97. • Example – A pencil – Made of Wood (timber) Local? – Graphite – Ore (mined) Not local Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  98. 98. • Example – A pencil – Made of Wood (timber) Local? – Graphite – Ore (mined) Not local – Eraser – Oil based (petroleum) Not Local Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • Example – A pencil – Made of Wood (timber) Local? – Graphite – Ore (mined) Not local – Eraser – Oil based (petroleum) Not Local – Purchased at Wal-Mart somewhere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • Example – A pencil – Made of Wood (timber) Local? – Graphite – Ore (mined) Not local – Eraser – Oil based (petroleum) Not Local – Purchased at Wal-Mart somewhere. – Assembled in New York State, USA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  102. 102. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  103. 103. All Energy starts at the Sun.
  104. 104. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  105. 105. The Sun’s Energy goes into plants
  106. 106. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  107. 107. This is hard work and requires lots of energy.
  108. 108. Modern Methods of Tree Removal use fuels.
  109. 109. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  110. 110. Skidder uses energy to pull logs to loading area through the forest.
  111. 111. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  112. 112. Cherry picker picks up logs and places them onto a truck.
  113. 113. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  114. 114. Logging truck travels many miles, using energy and releasing heat.
  115. 115. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  116. 116. Wood is delivered and unloaded to a mill.
  117. 117. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  118. 118. Wood is cut in a mill, using saws, belts, electronics, water, all of which require energy.
  119. 119. Wood crates are loaded with forklift and put onto a truck to deliver wood to the factory many miles away.
  120. 120. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  121. 121. Forklift removes wood from truck and stores it in the pencil factory for later.
  122. 122. End Part I, Wood at the factory. Start Part II.
  123. 123. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  124. 124. • Part II, Pencil tip – Graphite / Ore.
  125. 125. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  126. 126. • TNT is used to help excavate mine.
  127. 127. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  128. 128. Ore is excavated using heavy machinery.
  129. 129. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  130. 130. Old Practices + New Technology =  for the environment.
  131. 131. Some ores are taken from a tunnel mine which require smaller machinery working in tight places + life support systems in support.
  132. 132. Big trucks are loaded with the ore to be delivered.
  133. 133. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  134. 134. The ore needs to be crushed in some cases, separated, and then melted to extract the impurities. Heat and energy are used.
  135. 135. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  136. 136. The ore is heated to very high temperatures to melt the substance and separate it.
  137. 137. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  138. 138. After metal has been refined, it is loaded on to a train or truck to be transported.
  139. 139. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  140. 140. Heavy machinery loads and unloads ore from a train for further transport.
  141. 141. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  142. 142. • Eraser – Petroleum based
  143. 143. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  144. 144. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  145. 145. Millions of years ago
  146. 146. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  147. 147. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  148. 148. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  149. 149. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  150. 150. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  151. 151. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  152. 152. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  153. 153. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  154. 154. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  155. 155. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  156. 156. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  157. 157. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  158. 158. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution
  159. 159. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat
  160. 160. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat
  161. 161. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat
  162. 162. Name Raw Material Raw Material Raw Material Finished Product at store Factory that assembles raw material into product Major Distribution Center Regional Distribution Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat Heat
  163. 163. • Good Luck – Have heat / energy coming off every step of the way. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. • Video – How it’s Made – Inside the factories. – Choose any of the videos (Metals show the most heat loss). – Sorry about the commercials at the beginning. – http://science.discovery.com/videos/how-its- made-household/ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. • Questions to answer for energy flow brainstorm.
  166. 166. • Questions to answer for energy flow brainstorm. – How many resources go into making your stuff?
  167. 167. • Questions to answer for energy flow brainstorm. – How many resources go into making your stuff? – Does this change anything? Will you still throw away a pencil without really using it?
  168. 168. • Materials Economy (The Story of our Stuff) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLBE5QAYXp8
  169. 169.  Environmental science: The study of interactions among physical, chemical, and biological components of the environment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170.  Environmental studies is the study of human interactions with their environment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171. • Key Themes in Environmental Science and Environmental Studies Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172. • Plan on speaking with your table group briefly in front of the class about one the following topics… – You will see these topics on the assessment. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173. • Science is a process. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174. • Science is a process. – Science is a method of learning more about the world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. • Science is a process. – Science is a method of learning more about the world. – Science constantly changes the way we understand the world. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy ―Don’t forget TINSTAAFL.‖
  177. 177. • Energy conversions underlie all ecological processes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy ―Don’t forget TINSTAAFL.‖
  178. 178. • Energy conversions underlie all ecological processes. – Energy cannot be created; it must come from somewhere. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy ―Don’t forget TINSTAAFL.‖
  179. 179. • Energy conversions underlie all ecological processes. – Energy cannot be created; it must come from somewhere. – As energy flows through systems, at each step more of it becomes unusable. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy ―Don’t forget TINSTAAFL.‖
  180. 180. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  185. 185. • The Earth itself is one interconnected system. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  186. 186. • The Earth itself is one interconnected system. – Natural systems change over time and space. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  187. 187. • The Earth itself is one interconnected system. – Natural systems change over time and space. – Biogeochemical systems vary in ability to recover from disturbances. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. • Groundwater Contamination: The act of contaminating or polluting the groundwater. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  189. 189. • Sources of groundwater contamination.
  190. 190. • Sources of groundwater contamination.
  191. 191. • Sources of groundwater contamination.
  192. 192. • Sources of groundwater contamination.
  193. 193. • Sources of groundwater contamination.
  194. 194. • Sources of groundwater contamination. Learn more about sources of groundwater pollution at… http://www.lenntech.com/groundwater/pollution- sources.htm
  195. 195. • Groundwater contamination can travel with the water as it travels under the ground naturally.
  196. 196. • Fracking: A slang term for hydraulic fracturing. – It is a procedure of creating fractures in rocks and by injecting fluid into cracks to force them further open. The larger fissures allow more oil and gas to flow out through the hole.
  197. 197. • Fracking: A slang term for hydraulic fracturing. – It’s a procedure of creating fractures in rocks and injecting fluid into cracks to force them further open.
  198. 198. • Fracking: A slang term for hydraulic fracturing. – It’s a procedure of creating fractures in rocks and injecting fluid into cracks to force them further open. The larger fissures allow more oil and gas to flow out through the hole.
  199. 199. • Fracking is associated with many environmental problems.
  200. 200. • Fracking is associated with many environmental problems. – The fluid pumped into the ground may contain formaldehyde, acetic acids, citric acids, and boric acids, among hundreds of other contaminants.
  201. 201. • Fracking is associated with many environmental problems. – Each well uses millions of gallons of locally- sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated. – Pollution from truck traffic, chemical contamination around storage tanks, and habitat fragmentation and damage from drilling to environmentally sensitive area.
  202. 202. • Fracking is associated with many environmental problems. – Each well uses millions of gallons of locally- sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated. – Pollution from truck traffic, chemical contamination around storage tanks, and habitat fragmentation and damage from drilling to environmentally sensitive areas.
  203. 203. • Fracking is associated with many environmental problems. – Each well uses millions of gallons of locally- sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated . – Pollution from truck traffic, chemical contamination around storage tanks, and habitat fragmentation and damage from drilling to environmentally sensitive areas.
  204. 204. • Fracking is associated with many environmental problems. – Each well uses millions of gallons of locally- sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated . – Pollution from truck traffic, chemical contamination around storage tanks, and habitat fragmentation and damage from drilling to environmentally sensitive areas.
  205. 205. • Fracking: The good… – Domestic fossil fuel production . • Note: Fossil fuel use is causing climate change. – It’s cleaner than coal when burned. – Jobs, money for landowners, and big money for oil and gas corporations.
  206. 206. • Fracking: The good… – Domestic fossil fuel production . • Note: Fossil fuel use is causing climate change. – It’s cleaner than coal when burned. – Jobs, money for landowners, and big money for oil and gas corporations. Note: Going after more fossil fuels is not in the best interest of our environment and climate.
  207. 207. • Hydraulic Fracturing from above.
  208. 208. • Hydraulic Fracturing from above.
  209. 209. • Hydraulic Fracturing from above.
  210. 210. • Hydraulic Fracturing from above.
  211. 211. • Hydraulic Fracturing from above.
  212. 212. • Video Link! Hank explains Hydrualic Fracturing. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=51wOisfdIPo
  213. 213. • Activity! Visit Love Canal, NY using Google Earth. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
  214. 214. • The original plan was for a canal to be dug for hydropower between the Upper and Lower Niagara Rivers.
  215. 215. • Around the time the canal was being dug, Nikola Tesla found an economic way to send electricity long distances with AC current.
  216. 216. • William T. Love’s hopes for the canal and the benefits it would bring were lost. The first part of the canal was dug and abandoned.
  217. 217. • The Hooker Chemical Company bought the dug canal and put drums of chemicals into the hole and covered it with dirt.
  218. 218. • Houses and an elementary school were then built on top of the soil by developers.
  219. 219. • The houses and school were built right on top of the chemical drums.
  220. 220. • The houses and school were built right on top of the chemical drums. These drums eventually rust…and then…
  221. 221. • Activity! Love Ca