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Dynamic Earth, Earth Science Lesson PowerPoint

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This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package,......

This PowerPoint is one small part of the Geology Topics unit from www.sciencepowerpoint.com. This unit consists of a five part 6000+ slide PowerPoint roadmap, 14 page bundled homework package, modified homework, detailed answer keys, 12 pages of unit notes for students who may require assistance, follow along worksheets, and many review games. The homework and lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow. The answer keys and unit notes are great for support professionals. The activities and discussion questions in the slideshow are meaningful. The PowerPoint includes built-in instructions, visuals, and review questions. Also included are critical class notes (color coded red), project ideas, video links, and review games. This unit also includes four PowerPoint review games (110+ slides each with Answers), 38+ video links, lab handouts, activity sheets, rubrics, materials list, templates, guides, 6 PowerPoint review Game, and much more. Also included is a 190 slide first day of school PowerPoint presentation.
Areas of Focus within The Geology Topics Unit: -Plate Tectonics, Evidence for Plate Tectonics, Pangea, Energy Waves, Layers of the Earth, Heat Transfer, Types of Crust, Plate Boundaries, Hot Spots, Volcanoes, Positives and Negatives of Volcanoes, Types of Volcanoes, Parts of a Volcano, Magma, Types of Lava, Viscosity, Earthquakes, Faults, Folds, Seismograph, Richter Scale, Seismograph, Tsunami's, Rocks, Minerals, Crystals, Uses of Minerals, Types of Crystals, Physical Properties of Minerals, Rock Cycle, Common Igneous Rocks, Common Sedimentary Rocks, Common Metamorphic Rocks.
This unit aligns with the Next Generation Science Standards and with Common Core Standards for ELA and Literacy for Science and Technical Subjects. See preview for more information
If you have any questions please feel free to contact me. Thanks again and best wishes. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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  • 1. • Ring of Fire: A zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that encircles the basin of the Pacific Ocean. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 2. http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Website Link:
  • 3. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 4. -Nice neat notes that are legible and use indentations when appropriate. -Example of indent. -Skip a line between topics -Don’t skip pages -Make visuals clear and well drawn.
  • 5. • RED SLIDE: These are notes that are very important and should be recorded in your science journal. • BLACK SLIDE: Pay attention, follow directions, complete projects as described and answer required questions neatly. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 6. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. MurphyCopyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 7. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 8. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 9. • Activity! Please make a puzzle from a magazine page. Puzzle should be no more than 15 large pieces. • Solve yourself and then switch puzzles with you neighbor. • Question to answer on next slide.
  • 10. • Questions – What strategies did you use to complete the puzzle? 3-5 sentences please. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 11. Question? Look at the map below, do see any puzzle pieces, if so were would they fit? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 12. Possible Answers! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 13. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 14. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 15. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 16. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 17. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 18.  Area of Focus: Plate Tectonics Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 19.  Plate tectonics: The earth’s crust and upper mantle are broken into sections called plates.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 20.  Plate tectonics: The earth’s crust and upper mantle are broken into sections called plates.  These plates float on the mantle like rafts (moving very slowly) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 21. • There are 8 primary plates and several more secondary plates that make up the earth’s landmass.
  • 22. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 23. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 24. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 25. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 26. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 27. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 28. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 29. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 30. • African Plate, Antarctic Plate, Australian Plate, Eurasian Plate, Indian Plate, North American Plate, Pacific Plate, South American Plate.
  • 31. • The speed at which the plates move is about the speed at which your fingernails grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 32. • The speed at which the plates move is about the speed at which your fingernails grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They are all slow
  • 33. • The speed at which the plates move is about the speed at which your fingernails grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy They are all slow The African Plate's speed is estimated at around 2.15 cm (0.85 in) per year
  • 34. • The speed at which the plates move is about the speed at which your fingernails grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 35. • The speed at which the plates move is about the speed at which your fingernails grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Tonga Microplate Samoa 24 cm (9.4 inches) a year.
  • 36. • The speed at which the plates move is about the speed at which your fingernails grow. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy The yearly distance traveled varies from plate to plate. Some move at 3 centimeters while other's move around 6 cm per year. Tonga Microplate Samoa 24 cm (9.4 inches) a year.
  • 37. • Activity! Everyone slide in your chair two feet southwest from your current location. (N. American Plate)
  • 38. • Activity! Everyone slide in your chair two feet southwest from your current location. (N. American Plate)
  • 39. • Activity! Everyone slide in your chair two feet southwest from your current location. (N. American Plate) This is the GPS location that your children may sit in if they take this class.
  • 40. • Activity! Everyone slide in your chair two feet southwest from your current location. (N. American Plate) This is the GPS location that your children may sit in if they take this class.
  • 41. • Activity! Everyone slide in your chair two feet southwest from your current location. (N. American Plate) This is the GPS location that your children may sit in if they take this class. Grandchildren?
  • 42. The Big Idea that plate tectonics most deals with is…
  • 43. Plate tectonics is the driving force in Geology. It is a very BIG Concept and plays a major role in everything we will study in this unit.
  • 44. It causes…
  • 45.  Continental Drift: The gradual movement of the continents across the earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more at… http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/geology/tectonics.h tml
  • 46. • Video! Plate Tectonics. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ryrXAGY1dmE
  • 47. • In 1912, The German geologist Alfred Wegener proposed continental drift. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 48. • In 1912, The German geologist Alfred Wegener proposed continental drift. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “I say.” “Africa and South America fit strangely like two puzzle pieces.”
  • 49. • In 1912, The German geologist Alfred Wegener proposed continental drift. – Not accepted until the 1950’s! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 50. • In 1912, The German geologist Alfred Wegener proposed continental drift. – Not accepted until the 1950’s! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Alfred Wegener at… http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/hi story/wegener.html Hanks explains Alfred Wegener: Preview from language… Great Minds Video at… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nbU809Cyrao
  • 51. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 52. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 53. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 54. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 55. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 56. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 57. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 58. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 59. The theory that all geologic phenomena may be explained as the result of existing forces having operated uniformly from the origin of the earth to the present time. Gravity, Erosion, Chemical Reactions, and more happen today the same as they did billions of years. Some things don’t change. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 60. The theory that all geologic phenomena may be explained as the result of existing forces having operated uniformly from the origin of the earth to the present time. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 61. The theory that all geologic phenomena may be explained as the result of existing forces having operated uniformly from the origin of the earth to the present time. Gravity, Erosion, Chemical Reactions, and more happen today the same as they did billions of years ago. Coolest new word of the day coming up…
  • 62.
  • 63.
  • 64.
  • 65.  Evidence for continental drift.  -  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 66.  The shapes match. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 67. • Activity! Google Earth. Looking more in depth at the puzzle fit. – Download at http://www.google.com/earth/index.html – Continental shelf Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 68.  Same fossils found on different continents Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 69. • Same fossils found on different continents – These are the pictures on the puzzle pieces. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 70.  The same rock structures on different continents Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 71. Example
  • 72. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  • 73. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  • 74. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  • 75. “Whoa” “A time machine!.” “I’m going back 50 million years.”
  • 76.  Fossils of plants and animals on Antarctica Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 77.  Magnetic layers in sea floor spreading Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 78. • Magnetic layers in sea floor spreading Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 79. • Magnetic layers in sea floor spreading Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 80. • Magnetic layers in sea floor spreading Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 81. • Magnetic layers in sea floor spreading Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 82. • Magnetic layers in sea floor spreading Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 83. • The magnetic poles can shift “fairly” suddenly on this planet. – Right now, North is in the Arctic, the North Pole could shift to someplace else. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 84. • The magnetic poles can shift “fairly” suddenly on this planet. – Right now, North is in the Arctic, the North Pole could shift to someplace else. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 85. • The magnetic poles can shift “fairly” suddenly on this planet. – Right now, North is in the Arctic, the North Pole could shift to someplace else. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 86. • Iron within cooling molten rock orients itself to the poles before hardening. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 87. • Iron within cooling molten rock orients itself to the poles before hardening. – The ocean floor shows evidence of a changing magnetic field, and sea-floor spreading. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 88. • Iron within cooling molten rock orients itself to the poles before hardening. – The ocean floor shows evidence of a changing magnetic field, and sea-floor spreading. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 89. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 90. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 91. Cut out two sets of sea floor and tape together
  • 92. Cut out two sets of sea floor and tape together
  • 93. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 94. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 95. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 96. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 97. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 98. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 99. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 100. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 101. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 102. • Activity! (Optional) Sea Floor Spreading – Worksheet / Cut Outs in folder.
  • 103. • Note how the oceanic plates are much older the further they are from the mid-Atlantic ridge.
  • 104. • 800 million years before Pangea, the continents were together in the supercontinent Rodinia.
  • 105. • Climatic changes created a snowball earth where the entire planet was covered in a mile thick of ice.
  • 106. • Climatic changes created a snowball earth where the entire planet was covered in a mile thick of ice. (Mass extinction of ocean life)
  • 107. • Climatic changes created a snowball earth where the entire planet was covered in a mile thick of ice. (Mass extinction of ocean life)
  • 108. • Behold the Supercontinent! Pangea ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 109. • Behold the Supercontinent! Pangea Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Applause!
  • 110. • Behold the Supercontinent! Pangea Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy End Applause!
  • 111.  Pangea: The “Supercontinent”  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 112.  Pangea: The “Supercontinent”  All of the plates were once together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 113.  Pangea: The “Supercontinent”  All of the plates were once together. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 114. The Big Idea about Rodinia and Pangea is…
  • 115. The Earth is 4.6 Billion Years Old Supercontinent Rodinia was 800 Million Years Ago
  • 116. The position of the continents have also changed.
  • 117. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 118. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 119. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 120. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 121. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 122. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 123. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 124. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 125. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 126. Gondwondaland and Laurasia were two mega continents before Pangea. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 127. • Activity! Recreating Pangea with cutouts of the continental plates. – Can you cut-out the continents in one cut?
  • 128. • Activity! Recreating Pangea with cutouts of the continental plates. – Can you cut-out the continents in one cut?
  • 129. • Activity! Recreating Pangea with cutouts of the continental plates. – Can you cut-out the continents in one cut?
  • 130. • Activity! Recreating Pangea with cutouts of the continental plates (Sheet Provided)
  • 131. • Activity! Recreating Pangea with cutouts of the continental plates (Sheet Provided) – Please use the animation on the next slide to practice creating Pangea and then moving the continents to their current location.
  • 132. • Activity! Recreating Pangea with cutouts of the continental plates (Sheet Provided) – Please use the animation on the next slide to practice creating Pangea and then moving the continents to their current location. – Then go back to Pangea and back to current day until you can do it without the animation.
  • 133. Nice reading about continental drift and evidence to support this theory at… http://einstein.byu.edu/~masong/htmstuff/textbo okpdf/C31.pdf See step by step animation at… http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/geology /tectonics.html
  • 134. • Future Supercontinent 250 million years from now.
  • 135. • Future Supercontinent 250 million years from now. Lets officially name the new Supercontinent before everyone else… Each group gets to come up with one name to share and then we will vote.
  • 136. • Future Supercontinent 250 million years from now. Lets officially name the new Supercontinent before everyone else… Each group gets to come up with one name to share and then we will vote. Update: It already has a name…
  • 137. • Future Supercontinent 250 million years from now. Lets officially name the new Supercontinent before everyone else… Each group gets to come up with one name to share and then we will vote. Update: It already has a name… The name is…
  • 138. • Future Supercontinent 250 million years from now. Lets officially name the new Supercontinent before everyone else… Each group gets to come up with one name to share and then we will vote. Update: It already has a name… The name is…
  • 139. • Future Supercontinent 250 million years from now. Lets officially name the new Supercontinent before everyone else… Each group gets to come up with one name to share and then we will vote. Update: It already has a name… The name is… Learn more about Amazing Amasia at… http://www.ouramazingplanet.com/2406-future-earth-supercontinent- amasia.html
  • 140. The Big Idea that Amasia deals with is…
  • 141. We live on a constantly changing and dynamic planet.
  • 142. • You can now complete this question on the bundled homework.
  • 143. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 144.  New Area of Focus: Earth’s Interior. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 145. • Learning about the earth’s interior. The force behind our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 146. • Learning about the earth’s interior. The force behind our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “Come on.” “This is ridiculous.” “How can anybody know what’s inside the earth?”
  • 147. • We know the material of the interior of the earth based on how P and S waves move through the planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 148. Learn more about P and S Waves at… http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_scienc e/terc/content/visualizations/es1009/es1009pa ge01.cfm
  • 149. • Activity! Making Waves with a Slinky • Teacher will demonstrate waves after we learn them. (Eye Wear!) – Draw waves in journal. – Try and identify waves after sketches. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 150. • Mechanical Waves are waves which propagate through a material like rock. – They can be Longitudinal and Transverse
  • 151. • Mechanical Waves are waves which propagate through a material like rock. – They can be Longitudinal and Transverse
  • 152. • Mechanical Waves are waves which propagate through a material like rock. – They can be Longitudinal and Transverse
  • 153. • Longitudinal wave: A wave that is propagated in the same direction as the displacement of the transmitting medium
  • 154. • Longitudinal wave: A wave that is propagated in the same direction as the displacement of the transmitting medium – Primary Wave, (P-Wave) Arrives first / Fast
  • 155. • Longitudinal wave: A wave that is propagated in the same direction as the displacement of the transmitting medium – Primary Wave, (P-Wave) Arrives first / Fast
  • 156. • Transverse Waves: The particle displacement is perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation
  • 157. • Transverse Waves: The particle displacement is perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation • Secondary Wave (S-Wave) Slower but powerful.
  • 158. • Transverse Waves: The particle displacement is perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation • Secondary Wave (S-Wave) Slower but powerful.
  • 159. • Video Link! Longitudinal and Transverse Waves. (Interesting) – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLAB- d8VnZ8
  • 160. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 161. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 162. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 163. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 164. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 165. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 166. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 167. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 168. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 169. • Which is a longitudinal wave, and which is a transverse wave?
  • 170. • Is this a transverse wave or longitudinal wave?
  • 171. • Is this a transverse wave or longitudinal wave?
  • 172.  P Wave: Primary wave. Moves lateral Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 173.  P Wave: Primary wave. Moves lateral Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 174.  P Wave: Primary wave. Moves lateral Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 175.  P Wave: Primary wave. Moves lateral Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 176.  P Wave: Primary wave. Moves lateral Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 177.  S Wave: Secondary waves. Stronger and moves back and forth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 178.  S Wave: Secondary waves. Stronger and moves back and forth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 179.  S Wave: Secondary waves. Stronger and moves back and forth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 180.  S Wave: Secondary waves. Stronger and moves back and forth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 181.  S Wave: Secondary waves. Stronger and moves back and forth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 182. • Is this a Primary wave or a secondary wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 183. • Is this a Primary wave or a secondary wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 184. • Is this a Primary wave or a secondary wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 185. • Is this a Primary wave or a secondary wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 186. • Is this a Primary wave or a secondary wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 187. • Where do we see this type of wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 188. • Answer! Ocean / on water. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 189. • Rayleigh waves can also move through the earth in an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 190. • Is this a Primary Wave? Explain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 191. • Is this a Primary Wave? Explain. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 192. • Answer! This is primary wave because it moves lateral (across) and not up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 193. • Answer! This is primary wave because it moves lateral (across) and not up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 194. • Answer! This is primary wave because it moves lateral (across) and not up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 195. • These waves are felt first during an earthquake. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 196. • Last type of wave. • Love Wave, side to side and up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 197. • Last type of wave. • Love Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 198. • Last type of wave. • Love Wave, side to side and up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 199. • Last type of wave. • Love Wave, side to side and up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 200. • Last type of wave. • Love Wave, side to side and up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 201. • Last type of wave. • Love Wave, side to side and up and down. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 202. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 203. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 204. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 205. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 206. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 207. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 208. • Which is a Rayleigh Wave, and which is a Love Wave? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 209. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it one more time.”
  • 210. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 211. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 212. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 213. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 214. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 215. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 216. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 217. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 218. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 219. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 220. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 221. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 222. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 223. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 224. • What two types of waves can be seen below? Which is which? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 225. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 226. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 227. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 228. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 229. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 230. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 231. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 232. • Which wave is faster? S or P. • S-Wave P-Wave Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 233. • Name the wave?
  • 234. • Name the wave?
  • 235. • Name the wave?
  • 236. • Name the wave?
  • 237. • Name the wave?
  • 238. • Name the wave?
  • 239. • Name the wave?
  • 240. • Name the wave?
  • 241. • Name the wave?
  • 242. • Name the wave?
  • 243. • Name the wave?
  • 244. • Name the wave?
  • 245. • Name the wave? Which one is a Longitudinal Wave?
  • 246. • Name the wave? Which one is a Longitudinal Wave?
  • 247. • Name the wave? Which one is a Longitudinal Wave?
  • 248. • Name the wave? Which ones are Transverse Waves?
  • 249. • Name the wave? Which ones are Transverse Waves?
  • 250. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 251. • Please Draw the following.
  • 252.  Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 253. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 254. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 255. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 256. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 257. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 258. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 259. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 260. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 261. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it one more time.”
  • 262. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 263. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 264. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 265. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 266. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 267. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 268. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 269. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 270. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 271. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it one more time upside down.”
  • 272. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 273. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 274. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 275. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 276. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 277. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 278. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 279. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 280. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 281. • Layers of the Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 282. • Layers of the Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 283. • Layers of the Earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 284. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 285. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 286. • Layers of the earth Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 287. • Earth’s layers formed early in its long history. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 288. • Earth’s layers formed early in its long history. – (Archean Eon) Gravity pulled heavy elements toward the middle. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 289. The Big Idea that the layers formed 4.5 bya. deals with is…
  • 290. The Earth is 4.6 Billion Years Old The layers formed very early
  • 291. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 292. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 293. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 294. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 295. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 296. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 297. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 298. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 299. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 300. • Inner Core: Solid Iron and Nickel (Dense). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 301. • Should you touch this? Why? – It just came out of the fire. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 302. • Answer! No, you will burn your hand. – Dense metal such as iron takes a long time to cool. Our Earth has been hot for a long time because it’s one large hunk of hot metals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 303. • Answer! No, you will burn your hand. – Dense metal such as iron takes a long time to cool. Our Earth has been hot for a long time because it’s one large hunk of hot metals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Also frictional heating
  • 304. • Answer! No, you will burn your hand. – Dense metal such as iron takes a long time to cool. Our Earth has been hot for a long time because it’s one large hunk of hot metals. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Also frictional heating and heat generation from radioactive decay.
  • 305. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 306. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 307. Less Hot and Dense Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 308. Hot and Dense Less Hot and Dense Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 309. Learn more about the layers of the earth… http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/structure.html
  • 310. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 311. • The spinning inner cores of solid and liquid iron creates a giant electromagnetic field around our planet. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 312. • The spinning inner cores of solid and liquid iron creates a giant electromagnetic field around our planet. Without it, earth is… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 313. • The spinning inner cores of solid and liquid iron creates a giant electromagnetic field around our planet. Without it, earth is… Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 314. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 315. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 316. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 317. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 318. • Electric Fields: The funky area near any electrically-charged object. – Replace electrostatic for funky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 319. • Electric Fields: The funky area near any electrically-charged object. – Replace electrostatic for funky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 320. • Electric Fields: The funky area near any electrically-charged object. – Replace electrostatic for funky. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 321. • Visit a magnetic field simulator. http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/mag nets-and-electromagnets
  • 322. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field.
  • 323. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. EM Field refers to Electromagnetic
  • 324. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. EM Field refers to Electromagnetic
  • 325. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Pass out a paper plate to everyone. – Draw a Earth about the size of a golf ball in the center. – Spread iron filings all around the plate.
  • 326. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created.
  • 327. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings.
  • 328. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings.
  • 329. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings.
  • 330. • Activity! Drawing the earth’s EM Field. – Spread iron filings all around the plate. – From below, place a magnet beneath the earth and record the magnetic field that is created. – Sketch the magnetic field / directions of the iron filings. Copy your sketch into you science journal and label as the EM Field
  • 331. • Electromagnetic field protects the earth from charged particles. – It also creates the Aurora borealis (Northern Lights)
  • 332. Earths EM field. Learn more: http://image.gsfc.nasa.gov/poetry/ magnetism/magnetism.html
  • 333. • Video Link. Aurora borealis – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FcfWsj9OnsI – It needs music http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPFr1nVwwsA
  • 334. • Activity! Surgery Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 335. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 336. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 337. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “This earth smells really bad.”
  • 338. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy “This earth smells really bad.” It also appears to be missing a layer. This is not good.
  • 339. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. (Hardboiled egg) – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 340. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. (Hardboiled egg) – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 341. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. (Hardboiled egg) – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of each as we cover. • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 342. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. (Hardboiled egg) – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of each as we cover. • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Be prepared to show the teacher / memorize the layers of your egg at end”
  • 343. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Note: The egg example is missing a layer. Lets pretend the yolk represents the inner and outer core. Draw in the layers with a marker if you can. It’s tricky
  • 344.  Inner Core: Solid Iron and Nickel (Dense). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 345. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 346. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 347.  Outer Core: Liquid Iron and Nickel Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 348. • What’s next?
  • 349.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 350.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 351.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 352.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 353.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Good word for flowing / capable of being shaped: Plastic
  • 354.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Good word for flowing / capable of being shaped: Plastic
  • 355.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Good word for flowing / capable of being shaped: Plastic
  • 356.  Mantle: Composed of Magnesium Silicates, Iron, Calcium, Oxygen, Aluminum.  - Outer Mantle (asthenosphere) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 357. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 358. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 359. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 360. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 361. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 362. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 363. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 364. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 365. • Review! Heat from the earth rises and run along plates causing them to move. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 366.  Lithosphere: The outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle.  -
  • 367.  Lithosphere: The outer part of the earth, consisting of the crust and upper mantle.  Lithosphere is broken into tectonic plates.
  • 368. Cracked Egg shell resembles the plates that surround the earth. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 369. What do think this is a model of?
  • 370. What do think this is a model of?
  • 371. Crust / Lithosphere Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Note: The egg example is missing a layer. Lets pretend the yolk represents the inner and outer core. Draw in the layers with a marker if you can.
  • 372. Crust / Lithosphere Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 373. Crust / Lithosphere Asthenosphere Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 374. Crust / Lithosphere Asthenosphere Mantle Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 375. Crust / Lithosphere Asthenosphere Mantle Outer Core (Liquid) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 376. Crust / Lithosphere Asthenosphere Mantle Outer Core (Liquid) Inner Core (Solid) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 377. ? ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 378. ? ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 379. Yolk ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 380. Yolk ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 381. Yolk Mantle Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 382. ? ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 383. ? ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 384. ? White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 385. ? White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 386. Inner Core White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 387. Inner Core White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 388. Inner Core White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 389. Inner Core White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 390. Inner Core White Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 391. Asthenosphere
  • 392. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. (Hardboiled egg) – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Time to show the teacher you know the layers of the earth.
  • 393. • Activity! Surgery on the earth. – Each team of surgeons will perform surgery on the earth. (Hardboiled egg) – You need to use an incredibly sharp (plastic knife) to make a series of incisions. – Record a detailed sketch of… • Eggcrust / Lithosphere (Any cracks / Plates) • Asthenosphere • Mantle • Outer Core • Inner Core Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Time to show the teacher you know the layers of the earth. Athenosphere Lithosphere
  • 394. • Video (Optional) Layers of the earth Rap! – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q9j1xGaxYzY Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 395. • Video Link! (Optional) Hank explains the core of the earth. – Preview for language. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YHqlzCBpu_Q
  • 396. • You can now complete this 5 Part Question on the homework.
  • 397. • You can now complete this 5 Part Question on the homework.
  • 398. • What is fire? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 399. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Thermal Energy: The total kinetic energy of particles that make up an object. The more kinetic energy an object has, the more thermal energy it has. Thermal energy also deals with the number of particles that are found in an object. The faster the particles are moving, the hotter the object becomes.
  • 400. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Thermal Energy: The total kinetic energy of particles that make up an object. The more kinetic energy an object has, the more thermal energy it has. Thermal energy also deals with the number of particles that are found in an object. The faster the particles are moving, the hotter the object becomes.
  • 401. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Thermal Energy: The total kinetic energy of particles that make up an object. The more kinetic energy an object has, the more thermal energy it has. Thermal energy also deals with the number of particles that are found in an object. The faster the particles are moving, the hotter the object becomes.
  • 402. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Thermal Energy: The total kinetic energy of particles that make up an object. The more kinetic energy an object has, the more thermal energy it has. Thermal energy also deals with the number of particles that are found in an object. The faster the particles are moving, the hotter the object becomes.
  • 403. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Thermal Energy: The total kinetic energy of particles that make up an object. The more kinetic energy an object has, the more thermal energy it has. Thermal energy also deals with the number of particles that are found in an object. The faster the particles are moving, the hotter the object becomes.
  • 404.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 405.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 406.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 407.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 408.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 409.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 410. Learn more about heat transfer at… http://www.wisc- online.com/Objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=sce304
  • 411.  Convection: Vertical circulation in which warm rises and cool sinks. Flow of heat by this circulation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 412. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 413. • Which colored arrows are incorrect based on the convection current patterns and plate movements below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 414. • Answer! The blue arrows. The plates should be moving toward each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 415. • Answer! The blue arrows. The plates should be moving toward each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 416. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it again.”
  • 417. • Try Again! Which colored arrows are incorrect based on the convection current patterns and plate movements below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 418. • Answer! The purple arrows should be diverging instead of converging. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 419. • Answer! The purple arrows should be diverging instead of converging. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 420.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 421.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 422.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 423.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 424.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 425.  Please create your own definitions for the following words based on the picture.  Convection  Conduction  Radiation Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 426.  Convection: Vertical circulation in which warm rises and cool sinks. Flow of heat by this circulation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 427. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 428. • Which colored arrows are incorrect based on the convection current patterns and plate movements below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 429. • Answer! The blue arrows. The plates should be moving toward each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 430. • Answer! The blue arrows. The plates should be moving toward each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 431. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it again.”
  • 432. • Try Again! Which colored arrows are incorrect based on the convection current patterns and plate movements below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 433. • Answer! The purple arrows should be diverging instead of converging. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 434. • Answer! The purple arrows should be diverging instead of converging. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 435. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it one more time.”
  • 436. • Try Again! Which colored arrows are incorrect based on the convection current patterns and plate movements below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 437. • Answer! The light blue arrows should be diverging instead of converging. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 438. • Answer! The light blue arrows should be diverging instead of converging. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 439.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 440.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 441.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 442.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 443.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heat transfer is the transfer of energy by means of photons in electromagnetic waves.
  • 444.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heat transfer is the transfer of energy by means of photons in electromagnetic waves.
  • 445.  Conduction: The movement of heat from one molecule to another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Heat transfer is the transfer of energy by means of photons in electromagnetic waves. Heat Transfer. Learn more at… http://www.wisc- online.com/Objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=sce304
  • 446. • Advection: The transfer of energy from one location to another from moving an object containing energy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 447. • Advection: The transfer of energy from one location to another from moving an object containing energy Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 448. • Activity sheet available. Temperature and Conduction.
  • 449. • Activity! Each table group will get two clear containers filled with water. – Teacher will place two colored ice cubes (frozen water with food coloring) into each container. – One container has a heavy chain frozen in it so that the block of ice will sink. – Place both into the water at the same time and record a picture of each with description in your journal.
  • 450. • In fluids, such as water and air, convection is a more efficient method of heat transfer than conduction. – Conduction was at work in both, it transferred less heat than convection which was visible as the colored water moved around the container.
  • 451. • Activity / Demonstration (Optional) Tea-Bag Rocket. Convection Current – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_st7NWnNtoY
  • 452. • Activity Sheet Available: Conduction Again
  • 453. • Please record the following spreadsheet into your journal. 3 x 16 Minutes Wax Paper Cup Temp (C) Styrofoam Cup Temp (C) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  • 454. • Activity! Conduction – Place a styrofoam cup and wax paper cup into two similar containers. – Place weights into each cup so the container cannot float. – Place thermometers in each cup at the same place. – Teacher to pour 100 ml of boiling water into graduated cylinders and then into container (not into cup with weights). • Caution! Water will be very hot. – Record temperature of each on spreadsheet.
  • 455. • Activity Sheet Available: Conduction Again
  • 456. • Activity Sheet Available: Conduction Again
  • 457. • Questions. – Which cup was the better insulator of heat? Please use data in your response. – Please measure the temperature of the water on the outside of each container? • Record this temperature in your journal and discuss your findings? “Where did the heat go?” – How does this activity demonstrate conduction?
  • 458. • Questions. – Which cup was the better insulator of heat? Please use data in your response.
  • 459. • Questions. – Which cup was the better insulator of heat? Please use data in your response. – The styrofoam cup was the better insulator of heat because it was ____ degrees cooler than the wax paper cup.
  • 460. • Questions. – Please measure the temperature of the water on the outside of each container? • Record this temperature in your journal and discuss your findings? “Where did the heat go?”
  • 461. • Questions. – Please measure the temperature of the water on the outside of each container? • Record this temperature in your journal and discuss your findings? “Where did the heat go?” – The water on the outside of the wax paper cup was cooler because the thermal energy was transferred into the cup through conduction.
  • 462. • Questions. – How does this activity demonstrate conduction?
  • 463. • Questions. – How does this activity demonstrate conduction? – This activity demonstrates conduction because thermal energy moved through the molecules in the cup. This evident in the recorded temperature changes.
  • 464. • Demonstration (Optional) Gummy Plank – Teacher to set-up a thin metal plank that stretches over a candle. – Place several Gummy Bears in a line on the metal plank. • Do not place a Gummy Bear directly over candle. – Light candle and record time for each Gummy Bear to melt / fall from the plank.
  • 465.  Radiation: Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays, waves, or particles. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 466. • Please record the following spreadsheet into your journal. 3 x 16 Minutes Gravel Temp (C) Light Gravel Temp (C) (Dark) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
  • 467. • Activity! Radiation and earthen materials. – Set-up two clear containers with gravel. – Place thermometers into gravel. – Set-up a lamp that emits sufficient light / heat and place over one gravel container. – Place other container nearby but not under the light. – Record the temperatures of each container every minute until temperature stabilizes.
  • 468. • Radiation Available Sheet
  • 469. Thermal Infrared and Light Waves travel out from light in all directions
  • 470. The energy waves strike the gravel and are absorbed.
  • 471. The visible light is converted into thermal infrared heat
  • 472. The gravel then conducts heat to the other pieces of gravel and thermometer.
  • 473. The gravel then conducts heat to the other pieces of gravel and thermometer.
  • 474. • Radiation Available Sheet
  • 475. • Radiation Available Sheet
  • 476. • Using a frying pan and oil to cook popcorn is a good example of conduction.
  • 477. • Using a frying pan and oil to cook popcorn is a good example of conduction.
  • 478. • Using a frying pan and oil to cook popcorn is a good example of conduction.
  • 479. • Using a hot air popcorn popper is a good example of convection.
  • 480. • Using a hot air popcorn popper is a good example of convection.
  • 481. • Using a hot air popcorn popper is a good example of convection.
  • 482. • Using a microwave to cook popcorn is a good example of radiation.
  • 483. • Using a microwave to cook popcorn is a good example of radiation.
  • 484. • Using a microwave to cook popcorn is a good example of radiation.
  • 485. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 486. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 487. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 488. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 489. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 490. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 491. Conduction Convection Radiation
  • 492. • Video Link (Optional) Heat Transfer Rap – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7Y3mfAG Vn1c&feature=related (Quiz Next)
  • 493. • Quiz Wiz! Word Bank: Convection, Conduction, or Radiation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 494. • Bonus! Who is this?
  • 495. • Answers to Quiz Wiz. Convection, Conduction, Radiation. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 496. • Bonus! Who is this?
  • 497. • Bonus! Who is this?
  • 498. • Bonus! Who is this?
  • 499. • Bonus! Who is this?
  • 500. • Bonus! Who is this?
  • 501. • You can now complete this question on the homework.
  • 502. • Try and figure out the picture beneath the boxes. Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 503. The Northern Lights / Aurora borealis
  • 504. Created in part from the electro magnetic field from the earth’s core
  • 505.  New Area of Focus: Earth’s Plate Boundaries. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 506.  Two types of Crust  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 507.  Continental Crust: Less Dense so it floats higher (Granites) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 508.  Continental Crust: Less Dense so it floats higher (Granites) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 509.  Continental Crust: Less Dense so it floats higher (Granites)  Ocean Crust: More dense so it sinks more (Basalts). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 510.  Continental Crust: Less Dense so it floats higher (Granites)  Ocean Crust: More dense so it sinks more (Basalts). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 511. • Which half of the bench best represents basaltic ocean crust (more dense)? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 512. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 513. • Answer! Ocean crust is more dense so it tends to go under continental crust which is less dense. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 514. • Activity! Touch the ocean plate as it goes by.
  • 515. • Which plates below are ocean plates?
  • 516. • Answer! Nazca Plate.
  • 517. • Answer! Pacific Plate
  • 518. • Answer!
  • 519. • Answer!
  • 520. “Oh-no!” “We are trying it again.”
  • 521. • Which letter is not a ocean plate? A B C D
  • 522. • Which letter is not a ocean plate? B A B C D
  • 523. • Draw a baseball in your journal,
  • 524. • Draw a baseball in your journal, • Please label the seam as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge that encircles the Earth. – (Divergent Boundary)
  • 525. • Activity! Using Google Earth to look at divergent ocean plate boundaries on the sea floor. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
  • 526. • Using OREOS to learn plate boundaries. Each student gets four OREO cookies.
  • 527. • Using OREOS to learn plate boundaries. Each student gets four OREO cookies. – Gently move cookie (plate) over the asthenosphere (filling)
  • 528.  Divergent Boundaries: Crust is created as two or more plates pull away from each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 529.  Divergent Boundaries: Crust is created as two or more plates pull away from each other. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 530. Newer Newer
  • 531. Newer Newer Older Older
  • 532. Newer Newer Older Older
  • 533. Newer Newer Older Older 4 miles thick
  • 534. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show divergent plate boundaries.
  • 535. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show divergent plate boundaries.
  • 536. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show divergent plate boundaries.
  • 537. The Big Idea that plates are constantly formed…
  • 538. Plates are constantly being cycled. Formation and destruction.
  • 539. • Activity! Create a divergent ocean boundary with foam pads / other available resources. – Be creative and make volcanic islands and show lava. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 540. • You can now complete this question.
  • 541. • You can now complete this question.
  • 542.  Convergent Boundaries: Crust is destroyed and recycled back into the interior of the earth.  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 543.  Convergent Boundaries: Crust is destroyed and recycled back into the interior of the earth.  One plate dives under another. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 544.  Ocean vs. Continent (Subduction Zone) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 545. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show a convergent plate boundary.
  • 546. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show a convergent plate boundary.
  • 547. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show a convergent plate boundary.
  • 548. • Gently use another OREO cookie to show a convergent plate boundary.
  • 549. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 550. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 551. “Oh-no!” “Something’s Up.”
  • 552. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 553. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 554. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 555. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 556. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 557. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 558. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 559. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 560. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 561. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 562. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 563. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 564. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 565. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 566. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 567. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 568. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 20-40 miles thick
  • 569. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 20-40 miles thick
  • 570. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 30 Kilometers
  • 571. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 572. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 573. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 574. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 575. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 576. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 577. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 578. “Five bucks the teacher makes us do it again.”
  • 579. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench Direction
  • 580. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench Direction
  • 581. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench Direction
  • 582. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench Direction
  • 583. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 584. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 585. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 586. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 587. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 588. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 589. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 590. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 591. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 592. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 593. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 594. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 595. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 596. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench ?
  • 597. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 4 miles
  • 598. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 6 km
  • 599. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench ?
  • 600. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 20-40 Miles
  • 601. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench 30+ km
  • 602. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 603. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 604. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 605. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 606. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 607. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 608. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 609. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 610. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 611. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 612. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 613. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 614. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 615. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 616. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 617. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 618. Lithosphere Lithosphere Continental Crust Granites Asthenosphere Mountains / Volcanoes Trench
  • 619. The Big Idea that about Subduction zones…
  • 620. Again, Plate Tectonics is a driving force in Geology
  • 621. • Activity! Using Google Earth to look at mountain ranges formed in subduction zones. – http://www.google.com/earth/index.html
  • 622. This area was very active between 150 million to 80 million years ago.
  • 623. Philippine Plate
  • 624. Philippine Plate
  • 625. Philippine Plate
  • 626. Philippine Plate
  • 627. • You can now complete this question.
  • 628. • You can now complete this question.
  • 629. • You can now complete this question.
  • 630. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 631. Learn more about plate boundaries at… http://www.platetectonics.com/book/page_5.asp Another nice website about plate boundaries at… http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamiceart h/plate.html
  • 632. • Dynamic Earth Available sheets that follow Part I for classwork if needed.
  • 633. • What’s the “Ring of Fire”? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 634. • What’s the “Ring of Fire”? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 635.  Ring of Fire: A zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that encircles the basin of the Pacific Ocean. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  • 636.  Ring of Fire: A zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that encircles the basin of the Pacific Ocean. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
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