DNA Lesson PowerPoint, Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid, Biology,

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This PowerPoint was one very small part of my DNA and Genetics from the website http://sciencepowerpoint.com/index.html . Teaching Duration = 4+ Weeks
A five part, 3,000+ Slide PowerPoint roadmap delivers daily lessons full of meaningful hands-on activities, important red slide notes, built-in quizzes, video links, projects, 3 PowerPoint Review Games with Answers, discussion questions and much more. A homework package and detailed lesson notes chronologically follow the PowerPoint slideshow

The DNA and Genetics Unit covers science topics associated with the DNA molecule, discovery of DNA, DNA's structure, cellular division, cancer, dangers of smoking, meiosis, and genetics. This unit includes a five part interactive and engaging PowerPoint Presentation of 2000+ slides with built-in class notes (Red Slides), lab activities, project ideas, discussion questions, assessments (Quiz Wiz), challenge questions with answers, video links, and much more. Text is in large print (32 font) and is placed at the top of each slide so it can read from all angles of a classroom. A shade technique and color coded text helps to increase student focus and allows the teacher to control the pace of the lesson. The entire unit except for the videos can be edited to fit any curriculum or time requirement. Also included is a 14 page assessment that chronologically goes with the slideshow for nightly homework, as well as an 8 page modified assessment. 12 pages of class notes with images are also included for students who require modifications, as well as answer keys to both of the assessments for support professionals, teachers, and homeschool parents. 13 video links (.flv files) are provided and a slide within the slideshow cues teacher / parent when the videos are most relevant to play. Video shorts usually range from 2-7 minutes (internet connection needed). One PowerPoint review game is included (125+ slides). Answers to the PowerPoint review game are provided in PowerPoint form so students can self-assess. Lastly, several class games such as guess the hidden picture beneath the boxes, and the find the hidden owl somewhere within the slideshow are provided. Difficulty rating 9/10.

Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit:
DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Transcription and Translation, Protein Synthesis, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What's Inside a Cigarette?, Statistics about Smoking, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate.
Sincerely,
Ryan Murphy M.Ed
www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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DNA Lesson PowerPoint, Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid, Biology,

  1. 1. Watson and Crick were able to figure out that one strand went up and one went down. Watson and Crick also found that if they paired Thymine with Adenine and Guanine with Cytosine DNA would look uniform. Learn more at… http://www.nobelprize.org/educa tional/medicine/dna_double_heli x/readmore.html?referer=www.cl ickfind.com.au
  2. 2. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  3. 3. • How old are you? ? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  4. 4. • Answer: Billions of years old. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Product Belongs to Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010
  5. 5. • Answer: Billions of years old. – How? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy This Product Belongs to Ryan P. Murphy Copyright 2010
  6. 6. • The back story of our lives are that we are the product of billions of years of evolution. The very DNA that allows us to pass on our genetic information to our offspring has its roots in primitive microbes that existed billions of years ago. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  7. 7. • The back story of our lives are that we are the product of billions of years of evolution. The very DNA that allows us to pass on our genetic information to our offspring has its roots in primitive microbes that existed billions of years ago. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  8. 8. • DNA Extraction Available Sheet
  9. 9. • Activity! Extracting the Code of Life. – Lab handout can be found in the activities folder. – http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/labs/ext raction/howto/ (More Information) The Instructions For Life
  10. 10. • Activity! DNA Extraction • Procedure: Part I 1.) One class member measures out 100ml of split peas and add to blender. 2.) Add 1ml of table salt to blender. 3.) Add 200 ml of cold water. 4.) Cover and blend on high for 15-20 seconds. 5.) Pour contents through strainer into another container (plastic cup). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  11. 11. • Activity! DNA Extraction • Procedure: Part II 6.) Add 30 ml of liquid detergent and mix in the container. 7.) Let the mixture sit for 5-10 minutes (clean up area during this time) 8.) Pour the mixture into test tubes equally. 9.) Add a pinch of enzymes to each container. • “Gently” very gently swirl for 1 minute. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  12. 12. • Activity! DNA Extraction • Procedure: Part III 7.) Tilt your test tube and slowly pour rubbing alcohol (70-95% isopropyl or ethyl alcohol) into the tube down the side so that it forms a layer on top of the pea mixture. Pour until you have about the same amount of alcohol in the tube as pea mixture. 8.) DNA will rise into the alcohol layer from the pea layer. You can use a wooden stick (cotton swab) or other hook to draw the DNA into the alcohol. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  13. 13. • Procedure: 1) One class member measures out 100ml of split peas and add to blender. 2) Add 1ml of table salt to blender. 3) Add 200 ml of cold water. 4) Cover and blend on high for 15-20 seconds. 5) Pour contents through strainer into another container (plastic cup). 6) Add 30 ml of liquid detergent and mix in the container. 7) Let the mixture sit for 5-10 minutes (clean up area during this time). 8) Pour the mixture into test tubes equally. 9) Add a pinch of enzymes to each container. 10) “Gently” very gently swirl for 1 minute. 11) Tilt your test tube and slowly pour rubbing alcohol (70-95% isopropyl or ethyl alcohol) into the tube down the side so that it forms a layer on top of the pea mixture. Pour until you have about the same amount of alcohol in the tube as pea mixture. 12) DNA will rise into the alcohol layer from the pea layer. You can use a wooden stick (cotton swab) or other hook to draw the DNA into the alcohol. http://www.biologyjunction.com/extracting_dna.htm
  14. 14. • Activity! DNA Extraction – Directions will be provided. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  15. 15. • Activity! DNA Extraction – Directions will be provided. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  16. 16. • Activity! DNA Extraction – Directions will be provided. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  17. 17. • Activity! DNA Extraction – Directions will be provided. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  18. 18. • Activity! DNA Extraction – Directions will be provided. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  19. 19. • Activity! DNA Extraction – Directions will be provided. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  20. 20. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  21. 21. • The meat tenderizer was added to break down the protein that the DNA is wrapped around. • This allows the protein to be extracted. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  22. 22. • Did your final extraction look like this? – This is DNA, the genetic molecules in each cell. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about DNA extraction at… http://www.chem.umn.edu/services/lecturedemo/info/DNA.htm
  23. 23.  DNA  -  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  24. 24.  DNA: Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  25. 25.  Shape is called double helix. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  26. 26.  DNA is a polymer (Long molecule). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  27. 27.  DNA is a polymer (Long molecule). Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy A tightly wound package of DNA.
  28. 28. • Activity! How long is the DNA chain inside of a cell? – Take your best guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  29. 29. • Answer: The DNA in cells can hold lots of information and are very long. – Each cell has about 1.8 meters (6 feet) of DNA. 1.8 meters of DNA Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  30. 30. • Video! DNA wrapping. Shows how 1.8 meters of DNA can be found in a single cell. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AF2wwMReTf8 Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  31. 31.  The units of DNA are called nucleotides. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  32. 32.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  33. 33.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  34. 34.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  35. 35.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  36. 36.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  37. 37.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  38. 38.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  39. 39.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  40. 40.  DNA has the information for our cells to make proteins. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  41. 41.  DNA through transcription makes mRNA.  mRNA = Messenger RNA. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  42. 42. Transcription, Learn more at http://biology.about.com/od/cellularpro cesses/ss/Dna-Transcription.htm
  43. 43.  mRNA through translation makes proteins with the help of ribosomes. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  44. 44. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  45. 45. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  46. 46. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  47. 47. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  48. 48. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  49. 49. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  50. 50. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  51. 51. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  52. 52. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  53. 53. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  54. 54. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  55. 55. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  56. 56. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  57. 57. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  58. 58. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  59. 59. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  60. 60. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  61. 61. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  62. 62. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  63. 63. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  64. 64. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  65. 65. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  66. 66. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  67. 67. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  68. 68. • . Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  69. 69. • Video Link! Transcription and Translation. – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41_Ne5m
  70. 70. • Important Note: Most DNA is found in the nucleus.
  71. 71. • Important Note: Most DNA is found in the nucleus.
  72. 72. • Important Note: Most DNA is found in the nucleus. Small amounts of DNA are found in the mitochondria organelle (mtDNA) –Learn more abaout mtDNA at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_DNA
  73. 73. • Important Note: Most DNA is found in the nucleus. Small amounts of DNA are found in the mitochondria organelle (mtDNA) –Learn more http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondrial_DNA
  74. 74. • You can now do this question for homework.
  75. 75. • Watson and Crick (1953) Discovered structure of DNA. – One of the most important biological discoveries in the last 100 years. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  76. 76. • Watson and Crick (1953) Discovered structure of DNA. – One of the most important biological discoveries in the last 100 years. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  77. 77. Watson and Crick were able to figure out that one strand went up and one went down.
  78. 78. Watson and Crick were able to figure out that one strand went up and one went down.
  79. 79. Watson and Crick were able to figure out that one strand went up and one went down.
  80. 80. Watson and Crick were able to figure out that one strand went up and one went down. Watson and Crick also found that if they paired Thymine with Adenine and Guanine with Cytosine DNA would look uniform.
  81. 81. Watson and Crick were able to figure out that one strand went up and one went down. Watson and Crick also found that if they paired Thymine with Adenine and Guanine with Cytosine DNA would look uniform. Learn more at… http://www.nobelprize.org/educa tional/medicine/dna_double_heli x/readmore.html?referer=www.cl ickfind.com.au
  82. 82. James Watson
  83. 83. James Watson Francis Crick
  84. 84. “Am I Watson or Crick?”
  85. 85. “I am James Watson.”
  86. 86. “Am I Watson or Crick?”
  87. 87. “I am Francis Crick.”
  88. 88. Francis Crick
  89. 89. Francis Crick
  90. 90. Francis Crick James Watson
  91. 91. James Watson
  92. 92. James Watson
  93. 93. James Watson Francis Crick
  94. 94. “What year did we discover the structure of DNA.”
  95. 95. 1953
  96. 96. • Activity Reading. Who discovered DNA? – Please complete 3 of the 5 questions on the last page.
  97. 97. • Please answer 3 of the 5 questions below from the difficult reading. – 1.) Name four people in this article and how they contributed to the discovery of DNA’s structure? – 2.) What role did Maurice Wilkins play in the discovery of DNA’s structure? – 3.) What two things in DNA’s structure did Watson and Crick figure out that Rosalind Franklin missed? – 4.) Describe the relationship between of Rosalind Franklin to Watson, Crick, and Wilkins? – 5.) How does getting things done first / taking risks relate to this article? – 6.) Find three words that you did not know from the reading and use a dictionary / resource to define them? – 7.) Create a comic book sequence between Rosalind Franklin, Maurice Wilkins, James Watson, and Francis Crick from something discussed in the article.
  98. 98. • Rosalind Franklin? Who is she? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  99. 99. • She took X-Ray pictures of DNA’s structure and lectured about phosphate being a part of the outside of the molecule. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  100. 100. • She took X-Ray pictures of DNA’s structure and lectured about phosphate being a part of the outside of the molecule. – Watson attended her lecture. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  101. 101. • Watson and Crick used her photograph and lectures to create a failed model of the helix. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  102. 102. • Watson and Crick used her photograph and lectures to create a failed model of the helix. – Maurice Wilkins who was working with Rosalind Franklin showed Watson her experiments. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  103. 103. • In 1962, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  104. 104. • In 1962, Watson, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  105. 105. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  106. 106. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  107. 107. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins won the Nobel Prize for physiology/medicine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  108. 108. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins won the Nobel Prize for physiology/medicine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  109. 109. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins won the Nobel Prize for physiology/medicine. – Franklin had died of Ovarian Cancer. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  110. 110. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins won the Nobel Prize for physiology/medicine, – Franklin had died of Ovarian Cancer. – The cancer that killed her may have been caused by working with X-Rays.
  111. 111. • In 1962, Watson, Crick, and Wilkins won the Nobel Prize for physiology/medicine, – Franklin had died of Ovarian Cancer. – The cancer that killed her may have been caused by working with X-Rays. – The Nobel Prize only goes to living recipients, and can only be shared among three winners.
  112. 112. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  113. 113. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  114. 114. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  115. 115. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  116. 116. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  117. 117. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  118. 118. • Who thinks we should give an honorary Nobel Prize to Rosalind Franklin? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  119. 119. • Who thinks we should give an honorary Nobel Prize to Rosalind Franklin? – Lets give a short round of applause to Rosalind Franklin. – “Our Lady of DNA” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  120. 120. • Who thinks we should give an honorary Nobel Prize to Rosalind Franklin? – Lets give a short round of applause to Rosalind Franklin. – “Our Lady of DNA” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more about Rosalind Franklin at… http://www.biography.com/people/rosalind- franklin-9301344
  121. 121. • You can now do this question for homework.
  122. 122. • Activity! Draw DNA in Detail. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  123. 123. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  124. 124. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  125. 125. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  126. 126. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  127. 127. A A AG T C T T Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  128. 128.  Each unit called a nucleotide of DNA consists of 3 parts.  -  -  - Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  129. 129. A A AG T C T T Nucleotide
  130. 130.  Phosphate backbone Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  131. 131. A A AG T C T T Phosphate Backbone Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  132. 132.  A 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  133. 133. A A AG T C T T Ribose Sugar Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  134. 134.  A nitrogen base attached to the sugar Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  135. 135. A A AG T C T T Nitrogen Base Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  136. 136. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  137. 137. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  138. 138. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  139. 139. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  140. 140. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  141. 141. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  142. 142. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  143. 143. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  144. 144. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  145. 145. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  146. 146. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  147. 147. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  148. 148. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  149. 149. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  150. 150. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  151. 151. • Nucleic Acids – P O N C H (Nucleotide) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  152. 152.  There are four different types of nucleotides found in DNA  A is for adenine  G is for guanine  C is for cytosine  T is for thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  153. 153.  There are four different types of nucleotides found in DNA  A is for adenine  G is for guanine  C is for cytosine  T is for thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  154. 154.  There are four different types of nucleotides found in DNA  A is for adenine  G is for guanine  C is for cytosine  T is for thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  155. 155.  There are four different types of nucleotides found in DNA  A is for adenine  G is for guanine  C is for cytosine  T is for thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  156. 156.  There are four different types of nucleotides found in DNA  A is for adenine  G is for guanine  C is for cytosine  T is for thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  157. 157.  There are four different types of nucleotides found in DNA  A is for adenine  G is for guanine  C is for cytosine  T is for thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy –Learn more about the structure of DNA at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/ha ndbook/basics/dna
  158. 158. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  159. 159. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  160. 160. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  161. 161. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  162. 162. A A AG T C T T Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  163. 163. A A AG T C T T Nucleotide Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  164. 164. A A AG T C T T Phosphate Backbone Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  165. 165. A A AG T C T T Ribose Sugar Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  166. 166. A A AG T C T T Nitrogen Base Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  167. 167. • Can you touch the following on this moving image of the double helix. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  168. 168. • Can you touch the following on this moving image of the double helix. Phosphate Backbone Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  169. 169. • Can you touch the following on this moving image of the double helix. Phosphate Backbone Ribose sugar Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  170. 170. • Can you touch the following on this moving image of the double helix. Phosphate Backbone Ribose sugar Nitrogen Base Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  171. 171.  A goes with T  C goes with G  WRONG! T – C or G - A Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  172. 172.  A goes with T  C goes with G  WRONG! T – C or G - A Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  173. 173.  A goes with T  C goes with G  WRONG! T – C or G - A Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  174. 174.  A goes with T  C goes with G  WRONG! T – C or G - A Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  175. 175. • Activity! Which of the base pairs below is incorrect. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Adenine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  176. 176. • Answers! Which of the base pairs below is incorrect. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Adenine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Same challenge next slide  Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  177. 177. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Adenine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  178. 178. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Adenine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  179. 179. • The almost final challenge on next slide, find the incorrect base pairing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  180. 180. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  181. 181. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  182. 182. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  183. 183. • Final challenge on next slide, find the incorrect base pairing. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  184. 184. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Adeninie Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Adeninie Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine
  185. 185. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Adeninie Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine – Adenine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Thymine - Adeninie Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine
  186. 186. • Activity Puzzle. – Teacher to minimize out of slideshow on the next slide and assist students in completing the puzzle. Selected students should go to the board and get assistance from peers.
  187. 187. • Try and figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  188. 188. “Remember me.” “I’m Rosalind Franklin and I took X-ray pictures of DNA.”
  189. 189. • Activity! What is the mystery animal in the box below? • G - ___ • T - ___ • A - ___ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  190. 190. • Answer! What is the mystery animal in the box below? • G - __ • T - __ • A - __ CATGAA! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  191. 191. • Activity! What is best game to play in the whole wide world? • A - ___ • T - ___ • C - ___ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  192. 192. • Answer! What is best game to play in the whole wide world? • A - _T__ • T - _A__ • C - _G__ Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  193. 193. • Activity! (Optional) – DNA Tag. – One person is it. They safely chase people around the zone. If you’re about to get tagged, all you have to do is say any nucleotide and you are safe until they come back to tag you again where you must say a new base. The “it” can’t hover. If you get tagged, your it. Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  194. 194. • Activity! (Optional) “Adenine” – “Thymine” – This game requires one person to be blind folded. Everyone else moves away and freezes. When they say “Adenine” you must respond with “Thymine”. When you get found you are out. This sounds like a rip-off of Marco Polo! Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  195. 195. • Activity! (Optional) “Cytosine” – “Guanine” – This game requires one person to be blind folded. Everyone else moves away and freezes. When they say “Cytosine” you must respond with “Guanine”. When you get found you are out. “That is the same game as before.” “Good Grief!” Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  196. 196. • Activity! How fast can you read the left half of the genetic code below? – Saying the base pairs represented by their letter. A –- G –- T - T - C - A –- G –- T - A -- C – A – A – G – Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  197. 197. • Activity! How fast can you read the left half of the genetic code below? – Saying the base pairs represented by their letter. Adenine –- Guanine –- Thymine - Thymine - Cytosine - Adenine–- Guanine –- Thymine - Adenine -- Cytosine – Adenine – Adenine – Guanine – Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  198. 198. • Activity! How fast can you read the corresponding base pairs absent on the right half of the genetic code below? – Saying the base pairs represented by their letter. A –- G –- T - T - C - A –- G –- T - A -- C – A – A – G – Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  199. 199. • Activity! How fast can you read the corresponding base pairs absent on the right half of the genetic code below? – Saying the base pairs represented by their letter. A –- Thymine G –- Cytosine T - Adenine T - Adenine C - Guanine A –- Thymine G –- Cytosine T - Adenine A -- Thymine C – Guanine A – Thymine A – Thymine G – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  200. 200. • Activity! How fast can you read the corresponding base pairs absent on the right half of the genetic code below? – Saying the base pairs represented by their letter. Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Thymine - Adenine Cytosine - Guanine Adenine –- Thymine Guanine –- Cytosine Thymine - Adenine Adenine -- Thymine Cytosine – Guanine Adenine – Thymine Adenine – Thymine Guanine – Cytosine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  201. 201. • Purines are the larger of the two types of bases found in DNA. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  202. 202. • Pyrimidine Bases are the smaller bases found in DNA. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  203. 203. • Which one of the two nitrogen base pairs is Purine? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  204. 204. • Answer! Guanine is Purine, Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  205. 205. • Answer! Guanine is Purine, Thymine is a Pyrimidine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  206. 206. • Which one of the two nitrogen base pairs is Pyridimine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  207. 207. • Answer! Thymine is the Pyridimine and Guanine is the Purine (These two don’t pair) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  208. 208. • Answer! Thymine is the Pyridimine and Guanine is the Purine – (These two don’t pair) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  209. 209. • A big base (Purine) goes with a little base (Pyrimidine). A-T / C-G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  210. 210. • A big base (Purine) goes with a little base (Pyrimidine). A-T / C-G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  211. 211. • A big base (Purine) goes with a little base (Pyrimidine). A-T / C-G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  212. 212. • A big base (Purine) goes with a little base (Pyrimidine). A-T / C-G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  213. 213. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  214. 214. • Which is the Purine, and which is the Pyrimidine? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  215. 215. • Which is the Purine, and which is the Pyrimidine? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  216. 216. Purines (Bigger) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  217. 217. Purines (Bigger) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  218. 218. Purines (Bigger) Pyrimidines (Smaller) Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  219. 219. • Which is the Purine, and which is the Pyrimidine? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  220. 220. • Which is the Purine, and which is the Pyrimidine? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  221. 221. Pyrimidine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  222. 222. Pyrimidine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  223. 223. Pyrimidine Purine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  224. 224. Pyrimidine Purine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Learn more at… http://chemistry.umeche.maine.edu/CHY431/ Basics/PurPyrm.html
  225. 225. • Can you point to a Purine on the twisting double helix below? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  226. 226. • What are differences between DNA and RNA? Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  227. 227.  RNA  - Single strand  - Uracil replaces Thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  228. 228.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Uracil replaces Thymine Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  229. 229.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Uracil replaces Thymine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Just Ribose sugar, not deoxy like DNA
  230. 230.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Uracil replaces Thymine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  231. 231.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Uracil replaces Thymine. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy –Note: Should probably be the other way around. RNA likely evolved long before DNA.
  232. 232.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Thymine replaces Uracil Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy –Note: Should probably be the other way around. RNA likely evolved long before DNA.
  233. 233.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Thymine replaces Uracil Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy –Note: Should probably be the other way around. RNA likely evolved long before DNA. –One suggestion is this: cytosine (C) occasionally converts into uracil (U) by deamination. If this U is not removed, at the next replication it will act as a template for an adenine (A) on the new strand, and there will have been a mutation from G to A. Having thymine (T) as the regular base in DNA makes it easy for a cell to spot a deamination, because U should not be there at all. The cell then removes the U with a DNA repair enzyme (e.g. uracil glycosylase). –Do you want to know why Thymine replaces Uracil in DNA? –The short and sweet explanation is under this box.
  234. 234.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Thymine replaces Uracil Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy –Note: Should probably be the other way around. RNA likely evolved long before DNA. –One suggestion is this: cytosine (C) occasionally converts into uracil (U) by deamination. If this U is not removed, at the next replication it will act as a template for an adenine (A) on the new strand, and there will have been a mutation from G to A. Having thymine (T) as the regular base in DNA makes it easy for a cell to spot a deamination, because U should not be there at all. The cell then removes the U with a DNA repair enzyme (e.g. uracil glycosylase).
  235. 235.  RNA  - Single strand.  - Thymine replaces Uracil Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy –Note: Should probably be the other way around. RNA likely evolved long before DNA. –One suggestion is this: cytosine (C) occasionally converts into uracil (U) by deamination. If this U is not removed, at the next replication it will act as a template for an adenine (A) on the new strand, and there will have been a mutation from G to A. Having thymine (T) as the regular base in DNA makes it easy for a cell to spot a deamination, because U should not be there at all. The cell then removes the U with a DNA repair enzyme (e.g. uracil glycosylase). “Short and Sweet?” “Holy Base Pair.”
  236. 236. • Activity Link! (Advanced) Transcription to Translation digital simulation – http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/begin/d na/transcribe/ The Met codon is AUG
  237. 237. • Music Video Link! Hip Hip Hooray for DNA – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LIZG6iicLU
  238. 238. • Activity! Building DNA and labeling it. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  239. 239. • Activity! Building DNA and labeling it. – You are required to construct a model of DNA in the shape of double helix. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  240. 240. • Activity! Building DNA and labeling it. – You are required to construct a model of DNA in the shape of double helix. – The model should be a 3-D representation of the double helix. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  241. 241. • Activity! Building DNA and labeling it. – You are required to construct a model of DNA in the shape of double helix. – The model should be a 3-D representation of the double helix. – The 3-D model should be able to be placed on a sheet of paper towel with the correct parts labeled. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  242. 242. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! A T C G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  243. 243. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! – Phosphate backbone = Twizzler’s Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  244. 244. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! – Phosphate backbone = Twizzler’s – Adenine – Green A T C G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  245. 245. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! – Phosphate backbone = Twizzler’s – Adenine – Green – Thymine – Orange A T C G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  246. 246. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! – Phosphate backbone = Twizzler’s – Adenine – Green – Thymine – Orange – Cytosine – Red Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  247. 247. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! – Phosphate backbone = Twizzler’s – Adenine – Green – Thymine – Orange – Cytosine – Red – Guanine – Yellow T G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  248. 248. • Materials to build double helix. • Note: The better behaved you are, the more materials you get ! – Phosphate backbone = Twizzler’s – Adenine – Green – Thymine – Orange – Cytosine – Red – Guanine – Yellow – Toothpick – Deoxyribose sugar – Twist to make double helix. – Build a single stranded mRNA with clear representing Uracil with extra parts. A T C G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  249. 249. ?
  250. 250. PhosphateBackbone
  251. 251. PhosphateBackbone
  252. 252. Adenine PhosphateBackbone
  253. 253. Adenine PhosphateBackbone
  254. 254. Adenine Thymine PhosphateBackbone
  255. 255. Adenine Thymine PhosphateBackbone
  256. 256. Adenine Thymine Cytosine PhosphateBackbone
  257. 257. Adenine Thymine Cytosine PhosphateBackbone
  258. 258. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone
  259. 259. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone
  260. 260. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine
  261. 261. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine
  262. 262. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine
  263. 263. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine
  264. 264. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine
  265. 265. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine
  266. 266. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine
  267. 267. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine ????????
  268. 268. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine Ribose Sugar
  269. 269. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine Ribose Sugar
  270. 270. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine Ribose Sugar Nitrogen Bases
  271. 271. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine Ribose Sugar
  272. 272. Adenine Thymine Cytosine Guanine PhosphateBackbone Purine Purine Pryimidine Pryimidine Ribose Sugar Nucleotides
  273. 273. • Video Link (Optional) DNA Khan Academy – http://www.khanacademy.org/video/dna?playl ist=Biology
  274. 274.  DNA replication: The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create a new identical strand.
  275. 275.  DNA replication: The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create a new identical strand. Hopefully 
  276. 276.  DNA replication: The double helix is unwound and bases are matched to create a new identical strand. Hopefully  –Step by step found at…(Advanced but visual) http://www.wiley.com/college/pratt/0471393878/student/animations/dna_repli cation/
  277. 277. • Proteins and enzymes pull DNA strands apart. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy Transcription is when a segment of DNA is copied into RNA by the enzyme, RNA polymerase
  278. 278. • Activity! Each group 1-5 needs to verbalize to the class the corresponding base pair before it attaches to the DNA. – Teacher will point to a group so be ready. – Teacher may repeat as necessary.
  279. 279. • Primers add new nucleotides A-T, C-G Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  280. 280. • Video Link! (Optional) DNA and DNA Replication Crash Course. – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8kK2zwjRV0M –Caution, some mild language used.
  281. 281. • You should be close to the end of page 2 in your bundled homework package.
  282. 282. • You can also complete this question for homework.
  283. 283. • Figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  284. 284. • Figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  285. 285. • Figure out the picture under the boxes. – Raise your hand when you think you know. – You only get one guess. Copyright © 2010 Ryan P. Murphy
  286. 286. • Video Link! Essential Characteristics of Life are Conserved, First Half of Video. • (Optional / Advanced) – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bILvTe2_FEE
  287. 287. • Video Link! (Optional) Transcription, Translation Crash Course.+ Review DNA – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=itsb2SqR-R0
  288. 288. • DNA Review Game
  289. 289. • This PowerPoint is one small part of my DNA and Genetics Unit. • This unit includes… – A five part 3,000 slide PowerPoint roadmap. – 14 page bundled homework package, answer keys, lesson notes, rubrics, materials list, guide, and much more. – PowerPoint Review Game, games, flashcards, crosswords, and more. – http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics _Unit.html
  290. 290. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p= 1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?j ournal=tstPlease visit at least one of the “learn more” educational links provided in this unit and complete this worksheet.
  291. 291. • “AYE” Advance Your Exploration ELA and Literacy Opportunity Worksheet – Visit some of the many provided links or.. – Articles can be found at (w/ membership to NABT and NSTA) • http://www.nabt.org/websites/institution/index.php?p=1 • http://learningcenter.nsta.org/browse_journals.aspx?jo urnal=tst
  292. 292. Areas of Focus within The DNA and Genetics Unit: DNA, DNA Extraction, Structure of DNA, Discovery of the Double Helix, Rosalind Franklin, Nucleotides, RNA, Cell Division, Mitosis, Phases of Mitosis, Chromosomes, Cancer, Ways to Avoid Cancer, What is Inside a Cigarette?, Facts about Smoking?, Anti-Smoking Ads, Meiosis, Phases in Meiosis, Mendelian Genetics, Gregor Mendel, Punnett Squares, Probability, Dihybrid Cross, Codominance, Bio-Ethics, Stem Cell Debate, Cloning Debate –Full Unit found at… –http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html
  293. 293. • Please visit the links below to learn more about each of the units in this curriculum – These units take me about four years to complete with my students in grades 5-10. Earth Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Geology Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Geology_Unit.html Astronomy Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Astronomy_Unit.html Weather and Climate Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Weather_Climate_Unit.html Soil Science, Weathering, More http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Soil_and_Glaciers_Unit.html Water Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Water_Molecule_Unit.html Rivers Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/River_and_Water_Quality_Unit.html = Easier = More Difficult = Most Difficult – 5th – 7th grade 6th – 8th grade 8th – 10th grade
  294. 294. Physical Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Science Skills Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Science_Introduction_Lab_Safety_Metric_Methods. html Motion and Machines Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Newtons_Laws_Motion_Machines_Unit.html Matter, Energy, Envs. Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Energy_Topics_Unit.html Atoms and Periodic Table Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Atoms_Periodic_Table_of_Elements_Unit.html Life Science Units Extended Tour Link and Curriculum Guide Human Body / Health Topics http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Human_Body_Systems_and_Health_Topics_Unit.html DNA and Genetics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/DNA_Genetics_Unit.html Cell Biology Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Cellular_Biology_Unit.html Infectious Diseases Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Infectious_Diseases_Unit.html Taxonomy and Classification Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Taxonomy_Classification_Unit.html Evolution / Natural Selection Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Evolution_Natural_Selection_Unit.html Botany Topics Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Plant_Botany_Unit.html Ecology Feeding Levels Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Feeding_Levels_Unit.htm Ecology Interactions Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Interactions_Unit.html Ecology Abiotic Factors Unit http://sciencepowerpoint.com/Ecology_Abiotic_Factors_Unit.html
  295. 295. • Thank you for your time and interest in this curriculum tour. Please visit the welcome / guide on how a unit works and link to the many unit previews to see the PowerPoint slideshows, bundled homework, review games, unit notes, and much more. Thank you for your interest and please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Best wishes. • Sincerely, • Ryan Murphy M.Ed • ryemurf@gmail.com
  296. 296. • The entire four year curriculum can be found at... http://sciencepowerpoint.com/ Please feel free to contact me with any questions you may have. Thank you for your interest in this curriculum. Sincerely, Ryan Murphy M.Ed www.sciencepowerpoint@gmail.com

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