• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication
 

Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication

on

  • 324 views

Os últimos 15 anos têm testemunhado o surgimento e desenvolvimento da publicação em acesso aberto como principal meio de comunicação científica. Ele é definido por acesso livre e imediato às ...

Os últimos 15 anos têm testemunhado o surgimento e desenvolvimento da publicação em acesso aberto como principal meio de comunicação científica. Ele é definido por acesso livre e imediato às publicações, associado à eliminação das barreiras de reutilização para que os novos resultados da pesquisa possam atingir o valor máximo e alcançar novas pesquisas, educação e o benefício da sociedade. Apesar dos progressos consideráveis, a publicação em acesso aberto continua a ser uma atividade minoritária, embora forças de ruptura estejam surgindo, as quais têm o potencial de gerar maior transformação. Talvez o freio mais forte no crescimento da publicação em acesso aberto seja o sistema de recompensa acadêmica, que coloca ênfase em títulos de periódicos estabelecidos e métricas baseadas em periódicos nas práticas de avaliação da pesquisa. Uma das chaves para maior progresso é, portanto, considerar o acesso aberto como um aspecto de um conjunto mais amplo de reformas na comunicação científica.

The past 15 years has seen the emergence and development of open-access publishing as a major new mode of scholarly communication. It is defined by free and immediate access to publications, coupled with the removal of reuse barriers so that new research findings can have the maximum value and reach for further research, education and the benefit of society. Despite strong progress, open-access publishing remains a minority activity, although disruptive forces are emerging that have the potential to drive greater transformation. Perhaps the strongest brake on the growth of open-access publishing is the academic reward system, which places emphasis on established journal titles and journal-based metrics in research assessment practices. One of the keys to further progress is therefore to regard open access as one aspect of a broader set of reforms in scholarly communication.

Los últimos 15 años han visto la aparición y el desarrollo de la publicación en acceso abierto como principal medio de comunicación académica. Se define por el acceso libre e inmediato a las publicaciones, junto con la eliminación de las barreras de reutilización para que los nuevos resultados de la investigación puedan tener el máximo valor y alcance para investigación posterior, educación y el beneficio a la sociedad. A pesar de grandes progresos, la publicación de acceso abierto sigue siendo una actividad minoritaria, aunque surgen fuerzas disruptivas que tienen el potencial de impulsar una mayor transformación. Tal vez el freno más fuerte en el crecimiento de la publicación de acceso abierto es el sistema de recompensa académica, que hace hincapié en los títulos de revistas establecidas y las métricas basadas en revistas para las prácticas de evaluación de la investigación. Una de las claves para seguir avanzando por lo tanto, es considerar el acceso abierto como un aspecto de un conjunto más amplio de reformas en la comunicación académica.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
324
Views on SlideShare
324
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
13
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Focus on the third part

Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication Presentation Transcript

  • Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication SciELO15, 23rd October, 2013 Mark Patterson, Executive Director, eLife
  • March 23rd, 2001 Harold Varmus Pat Brown Mike Eisen
  • Open > access Free access
  • Feb 1st 2001
  • October, 2003 October, 2004
  • Oct 13th 2005
  • Growth of open access publishing OA journals with APC OA journals no APC OA journals with print subscription Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-124
  • %PubMed available as open access in PMC 14.0% 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Where’s the disruption? http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/News070712-X1.1flare.html
  • First disruption The megajournal
  • PLOS ONE growth 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
  • Open-access megajournals
  • Megajournals as a disruptive force • • • • Cost-effective Scalable, and can grow quickly Great for authors Strong competition for conventional approaches • An open platform for research communication
  • Second disruption Direct funding of OA publishing
  • Print Online
  • Estimates the proportion of open access content in Brazil (2008-2011) to be 63% “…no doubt due to the important contribution of SciELO.”
  • SciELO as a disruptive force • • • • Cost-effective Scalable, and can grow quickly Great for authors Strong competition for conventional approaches • An open platform for research communication
  • Funders taking direct action
  • eLife: motivations Swift, fair decisive process Exploit digital Media Serve science Open access
  • eLife – scope • BROAD From basic and theoretical work to translational, applied and clinical research. • SELECTIVE Highly influential work that advances understanding, opens new doors or has real-world impacts.
  • Editors • Editor-in-Chief • 2 Deputy eds • 17 Senior eds • Board of reviewing eds ~180
  • eLife Lens http://elifesciences.github.io/articleviewer/
  • eLife Lens http://elifesciences.github.io/articleviewer/
  • Third disruption Reforming research assessment
  • Researchers (authors and readers) Institutions Librarians Funders Research assessment The public Policy makers Publishers
  • Some impact is hard to measure “Dear Public Library of Science people, I just listened to a mouse song on line… I do not have the funds to subscribe to the traditional science journals. Tomorrow my students will hear the same mouse song I listened to and I am sure they will be as enchanted and interested as I am. The idea of open access to original research papers is very exciting to someone in my position… I can assure you that the availability of research papers will benefit the future of scientific research by providing motivation and stimulation for millions of fledgling scientists. Sincerely, Science Teacher”
  • The impact factor is… • a journal-based metric • proprietary • incomplete http://www.flickr.com/photos/m2w2/191545978/sizes/z/in/photostream/
  • Citations Policy and practice Media Usage Twitter Textbooks Reference managers Wikipedia
  • v10
  • New metrics and indicators of scholarship • From one measure to many • From journal to article • From one output to many
  • • Recommendations for publishers, funders, institutio ns, metrics suppliers, and researchers • >9000 signatories • Make sure you sign up today http://www.flickr.com/photos/24736216@N07/7758828268/ (CC BY-NC2.0)
  • Summary • Open access publishing is here to stay • Disruptive forces are at work     megajournals direct funding reform of assessment and much more…
  • Open access is one part of a much broader transition Interoperability Assessment Sustainability http://www.flickr.com/photos/anandham/4499539060/
  • Happy birthday! Thank you Mark Patterson m.patterson@elifesciences.org