Open-access
publishing and the
transformation of
scholarly
communication
SciELO15, 23rd October, 2013
Mark Patterson, Exec...
March 23rd, 2001

Harold Varmus

Pat Brown

Mike Eisen
Open
>
access

Free
access
Feb 1st
2001
October, 2003

October, 2004
Oct 13th
2005
Growth of open access publishing
OA journals with APC
OA journals no APC
OA journals with print subscription

Laakso and B...
%PubMed available as open access in
PMC

14.0%
12.0%
10.0%
8.0%
6.0%
4.0%
2.0%
0.0%
2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

20...
Where’s the disruption?

http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/News070712-X1.1flare.html
First disruption
The megajournal
PLOS ONE growth
25000

20000

15000

10000

5000

0
2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012
Open-access
megajournals
Megajournals as a disruptive force
•
•
•
•

Cost-effective
Scalable, and can grow quickly
Great for authors
Strong competi...
Second disruption
Direct funding of OA
publishing
Print

Online
Estimates the
proportion of open
access content in
Brazil (2008-2011) to
be 63%
“…no doubt due to
the important
contributi...
SciELO as a disruptive force
•
•
•
•

Cost-effective
Scalable, and can grow quickly
Great for authors
Strong competition f...
Funders taking direct action
eLife: motivations
Swift, fair
decisive
process

Exploit
digital
Media

Serve
science

Open
access
eLife – scope
• BROAD
From basic and theoretical work to
translational, applied and clinical research.
• SELECTIVE
Highly ...
Editors
• Editor-in-Chief
• 2 Deputy eds
• 17 Senior eds
• Board of
reviewing eds
~180
eLife Lens http://elifesciences.github.io/articleviewer/
eLife Lens http://elifesciences.github.io/articleviewer/
Third disruption
Reforming research
assessment
Researchers (authors

and readers)

Institutions

Librarians

Funders

Research
assessment
The public

Policy makers
Publi...
Some impact is hard to measure
“Dear Public Library of Science people,
I just listened to a mouse song on line…

I do not ...
The impact
factor is…

• a journal-based metric
• proprietary
• incomplete

http://www.flickr.com/photos/m2w2/191545978/si...
Citations

Policy and practice
Media

Usage

Twitter

Textbooks
Reference managers
Wikipedia
v10
New metrics and indicators of
scholarship

• From one measure to many
• From journal to article
• From one output to many
• Recommendations for
publishers, funders, institutio
ns, metrics suppliers, and
researchers
• >9000 signatories
• Make su...
Summary
• Open access publishing is here to stay
• Disruptive forces are at work





megajournals
direct funding
refo...
Open access is one
part of a much
broader transition
Interoperability
Assessment
Sustainability

http://www.flickr.com/pho...
Happy birthday!
Thank you

Mark Patterson
m.patterson@elifesciences.org
Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication
Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication
Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication
Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication
Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication
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Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication

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Os últimos 15 anos têm testemunhado o surgimento e desenvolvimento da publicação em acesso aberto como principal meio de comunicação científica. Ele é definido por acesso livre e imediato às publicações, associado à eliminação das barreiras de reutilização para que os novos resultados da pesquisa possam atingir o valor máximo e alcançar novas pesquisas, educação e o benefício da sociedade. Apesar dos progressos consideráveis, a publicação em acesso aberto continua a ser uma atividade minoritária, embora forças de ruptura estejam surgindo, as quais têm o potencial de gerar maior transformação. Talvez o freio mais forte no crescimento da publicação em acesso aberto seja o sistema de recompensa acadêmica, que coloca ênfase em títulos de periódicos estabelecidos e métricas baseadas em periódicos nas práticas de avaliação da pesquisa. Uma das chaves para maior progresso é, portanto, considerar o acesso aberto como um aspecto de um conjunto mais amplo de reformas na comunicação científica.

The past 15 years has seen the emergence and development of open-access publishing as a major new mode of scholarly communication. It is defined by free and immediate access to publications, coupled with the removal of reuse barriers so that new research findings can have the maximum value and reach for further research, education and the benefit of society. Despite strong progress, open-access publishing remains a minority activity, although disruptive forces are emerging that have the potential to drive greater transformation. Perhaps the strongest brake on the growth of open-access publishing is the academic reward system, which places emphasis on established journal titles and journal-based metrics in research assessment practices. One of the keys to further progress is therefore to regard open access as one aspect of a broader set of reforms in scholarly communication.

Los últimos 15 años han visto la aparición y el desarrollo de la publicación en acceso abierto como principal medio de comunicación académica. Se define por el acceso libre e inmediato a las publicaciones, junto con la eliminación de las barreras de reutilización para que los nuevos resultados de la investigación puedan tener el máximo valor y alcance para investigación posterior, educación y el beneficio a la sociedad. A pesar de grandes progresos, la publicación de acceso abierto sigue siendo una actividad minoritaria, aunque surgen fuerzas disruptivas que tienen el potencial de impulsar una mayor transformación. Tal vez el freno más fuerte en el crecimiento de la publicación de acceso abierto es el sistema de recompensa académica, que hace hincapié en los títulos de revistas establecidas y las métricas basadas en revistas para las prácticas de evaluación de la investigación. Una de las claves para seguir avanzando por lo tanto, es considerar el acceso abierto como un aspecto de un conjunto más amplio de reformas en la comunicación académica.

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  • Focus on the third part
  • Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication

    1. 1. Open-access publishing and the transformation of scholarly communication SciELO15, 23rd October, 2013 Mark Patterson, Executive Director, eLife
    2. 2. March 23rd, 2001 Harold Varmus Pat Brown Mike Eisen
    3. 3. Open > access Free access
    4. 4. Feb 1st 2001
    5. 5. October, 2003 October, 2004
    6. 6. Oct 13th 2005
    7. 7. Growth of open access publishing OA journals with APC OA journals no APC OA journals with print subscription Laakso and Björk BMC Medicine 2012 10:124 doi:10.1186/1741-7015-10-124
    8. 8. %PubMed available as open access in PMC 14.0% 12.0% 10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
    9. 9. Where’s the disruption? http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/News070712-X1.1flare.html
    10. 10. First disruption The megajournal
    11. 11. PLOS ONE growth 25000 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
    12. 12. Open-access megajournals
    13. 13. Megajournals as a disruptive force • • • • Cost-effective Scalable, and can grow quickly Great for authors Strong competition for conventional approaches • An open platform for research communication
    14. 14. Second disruption Direct funding of OA publishing
    15. 15. Print Online
    16. 16. Estimates the proportion of open access content in Brazil (2008-2011) to be 63% “…no doubt due to the important contribution of SciELO.”
    17. 17. SciELO as a disruptive force • • • • Cost-effective Scalable, and can grow quickly Great for authors Strong competition for conventional approaches • An open platform for research communication
    18. 18. Funders taking direct action
    19. 19. eLife: motivations Swift, fair decisive process Exploit digital Media Serve science Open access
    20. 20. eLife – scope • BROAD From basic and theoretical work to translational, applied and clinical research. • SELECTIVE Highly influential work that advances understanding, opens new doors or has real-world impacts.
    21. 21. Editors • Editor-in-Chief • 2 Deputy eds • 17 Senior eds • Board of reviewing eds ~180
    22. 22. eLife Lens http://elifesciences.github.io/articleviewer/
    23. 23. eLife Lens http://elifesciences.github.io/articleviewer/
    24. 24. Third disruption Reforming research assessment
    25. 25. Researchers (authors and readers) Institutions Librarians Funders Research assessment The public Policy makers Publishers
    26. 26. Some impact is hard to measure “Dear Public Library of Science people, I just listened to a mouse song on line… I do not have the funds to subscribe to the traditional science journals. Tomorrow my students will hear the same mouse song I listened to and I am sure they will be as enchanted and interested as I am. The idea of open access to original research papers is very exciting to someone in my position… I can assure you that the availability of research papers will benefit the future of scientific research by providing motivation and stimulation for millions of fledgling scientists. Sincerely, Science Teacher”
    27. 27. The impact factor is… • a journal-based metric • proprietary • incomplete http://www.flickr.com/photos/m2w2/191545978/sizes/z/in/photostream/
    28. 28. Citations Policy and practice Media Usage Twitter Textbooks Reference managers Wikipedia
    29. 29. v10
    30. 30. New metrics and indicators of scholarship • From one measure to many • From journal to article • From one output to many
    31. 31. • Recommendations for publishers, funders, institutio ns, metrics suppliers, and researchers • >9000 signatories • Make sure you sign up today http://www.flickr.com/photos/24736216@N07/7758828268/ (CC BY-NC2.0)
    32. 32. Summary • Open access publishing is here to stay • Disruptive forces are at work     megajournals direct funding reform of assessment and much more…
    33. 33. Open access is one part of a much broader transition Interoperability Assessment Sustainability http://www.flickr.com/photos/anandham/4499539060/
    34. 34. Happy birthday! Thank you Mark Patterson m.patterson@elifesciences.org
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