J-STAGE - growing journal collection and its role

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J-STAGE é uma plataforma de periódicos eletrônicos com 1.600 periódicos e 2.3 milhões de artigos de sociedades acadêmicas japonesas. O sistema tem contribuído para a digitalização de periódicos …

J-STAGE é uma plataforma de periódicos eletrônicos com 1.600 periódicos e 2.3 milhões de artigos de sociedades acadêmicas japonesas. O sistema tem contribuído para a digitalização de periódicos acadêmicos japoneses desde o seu lançamento em 1999. Sociedades-membro podem usar o J-STAGE gratuitamente com pequenos custos adicionais para o seu orçamento. Consequentemente, mais de 80% dos periódicos estão disponíveis em acesso aberto. As estatísticas de uso mostram que dezenas de milhões de artigos são baixados anualmente, e muitos desses acessos são de fora do Japão. Estatísticas de uso no exterior indicam claramente que a plataforma de e-periódicos cumpriu o objetivo de aumentar a divulgação dos resultados do Japão em P&D em todo o mundo.

J-STAGE is an e-journal platform with 1,600 journals and 2.3 million articles from Japanese academic societies. The system has contributed to the digitization of Japanese academic journals since its launch in 1999. Member societies can use J-STAGE free of charge with little additional costs to their budget. Accordingly, more than 80% of the journals are available as open access. Usage statistics show that tens of millions of articles are downloaded annually, and many of these accesses are from outside Japan. Overseas usage statistics clearly indicate that the e-journal platform has filled the objective of enhancing the dissemination of Japan’s R&D results worldwide.

J-STAGE es una plataforma de e-journal con 1.600 revistas y 2,3 millones de artículos de sociedades académicas japonesas. El sistema ha contribuido a la digitalización de las revistas académicas en Japón desde su lanzamiento en 1999. Las Sociedades miembros pueden usar J-STAGE de forma gratuita con pequeños costos adicionales para su presupuesto.

Por consiguiente, más de 80% de las revistas están disponibles como acceso abierto. Las estadísticas de uso muestran que decenas de millones de artículos se descargan cada año, y muchos de estos accesos son de fuera de Japón. Las estadísticas de uso del extranjero indican claramente que la plataforma e-journal ha llenado el objetivo de mejorar la difusión de los resultados de Japón en I+D en todo el mundo.

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  • I’d like to thank you for taking time out of your conference schedule to come here today.
  • This is a quick review of organizational changes of JST in chronological order.
    There used to be two organization.
    One is Japan Information Center of Science and Technology which supplied STI service .
    The other is Research Development Corporation of Japan which is a funding agency.
    These two organization are merged into JST in 1996.
    So, JST has STI service and funding.
  • JST is now known as one of the big R&D funding agencies.
    We fund researchers in the academia and the industry more systematically based on specific designated areas, or policy-driven areas for promoting the generation of “innovation” in Japan.
    In addition, JST is now actively involved in a wide spectrum of areas including R&D funding, technology transfer and raising public awareness about science , not to mention building a sound and solid infrastructure of science and technology information.
    The pie chart shows that our STI (or Scientific and Technological Information) Departments account for 7 % of the total budget of 1.2 billion US dollars.
  • This chart shows a list of databases and services by JST.
    We have many services such as bibliographic database, researchers database and job seeking database.
    I would like to introduce you some of them.
    J-Stage is e-journal platform for academic societies in Japan.
    Currently, 16 hundreds journals and 2.2 million articles are released on J-STAGE.
    About 75% of journals are free of charge.
    “ReaD&Researchmap” is a researcher database. It includes 220 thousands of researchers information.
    .
    Japan Link Center shortly called JaLC is the 9th DOI registration agency in the world .
    JaLC will be increasingly cooperating with other institutes and organizations to construct a solid and versatile STI infrastructure for Japan.
  • J-STAGE is a platform operated by the JST for publishing scholarly electronic journals in Japan. Currently offering some 1,600 journals and 2.3 million articles, it is the largest such service in Japan. It contains many English-language articles as well as Japanese. All the abstracts can be viewed free of charge, and more than 80 percent of the journals allow free viewing of full texts.
  • This picture shows the framework of J-STAGE project.
    Most of scholarly journals in Japan are published by respective academic societies.
    JST is running the project by national budget, it costs about 500 million yen per year, including assistance for publishers by a support center, as well as system management.
  • The journals registered with J-STAGE contain peer-reviewed papers in science and technology, including the humanities and social sciences. The hosted journals must meet the following THESE conditions and pass a screening process.
    No 1. peer-reviewed journals published by Japanese noncommercial societies
    No 2. should be published regularly.
    No 3. should accept papers contributed from people outside of the society.
    No 4. The society should bear the cost of data
  • This is a brief history of J-STAGE
    During the 14 years since the service was begun, J-STAGE has upgraded and gained new functions.
    When J-STAGE launched in 1999, then relatively advanced functions like full-text searching, linking to cited articles, electronic appendix functions were implemented.
    J-STAGE was upgraded into J-STAGE2 in 2003. With this version, the service began offering an advance publication function that is typical aspect of e-journal, My J-STAGE for registering user favorites and receiving notifications alerting the user to new issues, and access statistics reports compliant with the COUNTER international standard.
  • J-STAGE3 was released in May 2012 as the newest version. Of the functions newly implemented in J-STAGE3, the biggest is support for XML contents. It is now possible to upload data compliant with the Journal Article Tag Suite (JATS), an international standard XML format. The submission and review systems offered as an optional services have become an ASP services, the ScholarONE Manuscripts and Editorial Manager systems, which are widely used internationally.
    Linking with CrossCheck, a service for preventing plagiarism provided by CrossRef, is also offered as of 2012.
  • This chart shows the journal categories on J-STAGE. The largest one is the medicine pharmacy journals by 30%, the second is engineering by 28%, followed by the fields of biological sciences. Recently, journals of social sciences have been increased.
  • 87% of journals on J-STAGE are free of charge, and the rest including partially free.
  • The language used in J-STAGE are English and Japanese.
    All journals on J-STAGE have both English and Japanese Interface for browsing
    And 21% of them are entirely English journals, 48% are a mixture of English and Japanese. The remaining 31% are journals which are written in Japanese only.
    Most of the articles have the English abstracts, even though the full text is provided in Japanese.★
  • It is important for encouraging innovation in our country that the articles on J-STAGE are widely read and used in Japan. At the same time, communicating Japan’s research results widely outside Japan and having them used worldwide, one of the objectives of J-STAGE, is a way of contributing to the global society. Of the papers downloaded from J-STAGE, around 10 million accesses are from outside Japan per year. The majority of these are downloaded from China, India, South Korea and other parts of Asia, from North America, and from European countries.
  • We can see, then, that the scholarly journals published in Japan on J-STAGE are widely read by researchers across the globe, making worldwide contributions. In 2011, off the 236 Japanese journals having impact factor, 110 are published on J-STAGE, which gives a picture of how the journals on J-STAGE are steadily having a global impact. Of course some Japanese journals put out by major overseas publishers obtain high Impact Factors. However, when it comes to the growth of Impact Factor, journals on J-STAGE show relatively higher increase rate than those on platforms outside Japan.
    Comparing J-STAGE to the impact factor of journals in MEDLINE, however, these results show that J-STAGE is having a greater impact than platforms outside Japan.
    J-STAGE will continue to contribute to the world’s intellectual activities by rapidly and openly communicating outstanding research results originating in Japan to the rest of the world.
  • J-STAGE is in cooperation with many organization and services. And making links both outbound and inbound.
    Core system we enhanced is Japan Link Center called JaLC.
    When a DOI has been assigned to digital content, cross-linking with the content is facilitated, greatly expanding the distribution and use of that content.
  • JaLC was certified as the 9th registration agency in March 2012.
    The biggest feature of JaLC is its administration.
    These four public organizations NDL, JST, NIMS and NII signed the MOU on JaLC administration.
  • Once a society uploads journal contents, the contents are disseminated via various features on J-STAGE, enjoying high visibility by virtue of being on Google, Scopus, Ebsco, ProQuest, PubMed etc. Every article is allotted a DOI.
    In this way the papers published on J-STAGE can easily be searched and viewed by readers and scientists around the world. The linked entities are expected to continue growing even beyond those shown here.
  • Now, needless to say, technology continues to develop at breakneck speed, changing academic publishing environments worldwide. J-STAGE needs to decide how to respond.
    Let me introduce some challenges we are planning to work on.
    Today, resources or authors as well as journal articles begin to have their own identifiers. Such identification enables the publishers streamlining of workflow, and developing strategies with high accuracy.
    As you know, Impact Factor has been made controversial issues. We need to follow new trend like article-level metrics from this context.
  • We are now planning to implement a data repository in J-STAGE.
    If J-STAGE is able to include data accompanied with academic papers such as experimental data, It would be help to promote efficient research activities, leading to innovations.
  • One big issue of J-STAGE is “Promotion”.
    We are planning to select well-established journal as leading journals, and to provide them in a style of journal packages.
    Journals package will have even more attractive and practical option, especially in the variety of titles available via J-STAGE.
    And such changes will make the publishing societies take a long hard look at the way they do business.
  • Through J-STAGE, we are disseminating Japan’s science and technology information to the world.
    We would appreciate if we could also share useful points from such kind of view.

Transcript

  • 1. J-STAGE growing journal collection and its role SciELO 15 YEARS CONFERENCE, São Paulo 25.10.2013 Mitsuru MIZUNO Director Department of Database for Information and Knowledge Infrastructure Japan Science and Technology Agency
  • 2. Today’s agenda • Introduction – About JST • J-STAGE – – – – – Outline Brief history Contents and distribution Japan Link Center (JaLC) Challenges Department of Databases for 2
  • 3. History of JST 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2005 2010 2011 Japan Information Center of Science and Technology (JICST) Aug 1957 - Sep 1996 Integration Japan Science and Technology Corporation Oct 1996 – Sep 2003 Independent Administrative Institution Japan Science and Technology Agency Oct 2003 - Present Research Development Corporation of Japan (JRDC) Jul 1961 – Sep 1996 Department of Databases for 3
  • 4. JST Major Activities Creation of Advanced Technology Technology Transfer and Innovation Program Promoting Dissemination of Scientific and Technological Information Promotion and Support of International Cooperation in Science and Technology Research Promoting Science Communication 11/12/13 Revenue and Expenditures in Fiscal Year 2011 (Estimate) (millions of yen) Others 782 Commissioned research funds 5,371 Operating income 6,783 Government subsidy 104,960 Others 6,539 Commissioned research 5,371 Promoting public understanding of S&T 8,442 Researcher exchange and research support 4,293 Promoting dissemination of STI 7,364 Creating advanced technology 60,057 Promoting technology transfer and innovation 25,741 4
  • 5. Current JST Databases/Services Information Infrastructure for Innovation Database of Researchers Directory of Japanese Academic Societies Career Database for Researchers ReaD & Researchmap Gakkai Meikan JREC-IN Electronic Journal Platform for Academic Societies J-STAGE Comprehensive Gateway Linking Multiple S&T Databases J-GLOBAL Evidence-based Evaluation Methods for Decision Making J-GLOBAL foresight Reference Service Integration of Linking Japanese Databases in the Scholarly Content Life Science Field With   Digital Object National National Identifiers Consortium Bioscience Japan Link Center for JaLC Database Center Gateway to Japan’s S&T Information for International Users Science Links Japan E-Learning Service For Engineers Web Learning Plaza Online Dictionary of Organic Compounds Nikkaji Web Guide to Research Opportunities in East Asia Asia Science And Technology Portal We support your R&D with science and technology-related databases and portals. Department of Databases for 5
  • 6. Challenges for the Japanese Academic Journals Publishing Aims of J-STAGE project • Disseminating Japan’s research results to the world • Encouraging accessibility to Japanese scholarly journals under oligopolistic situation in international academic resources • Acceleration of better productivity of research activities Background • In Japan, academic journals are published by societies, which sometimes have relatively weak financial bases. • A progression of digitization is 62% as to journals published by academic societies in Japan (2011), this is behind as compared with other countries. • Competent submissions go overseas as there are not enough leading e-journal titles in Japan. Department of Databases for 6
  • 7. J-STAGE Largest Scientific and Technical Electronic Journal Platform in Japan Launched in 1999 1,600 journals (2.3 million articles) All abstracts are free. More than 80 percent of full texts are free. -Please read the access policy on the site before using contents on J-STAGE. Department of Databases for 7
  • 8. J-STAGE Format of Metadata: XML Formats of body (full-text): XML or PDF • Optional Services • Alliances with other literature databases and search engines Department of Databases for 8
  • 9. All journals on J-STAGE are… 1. Peer-reviewed journals published by Japanese noncommercial societies, whose offices are located in Japan (joint publication with foreign publishers may be acceptable). 2. Journals should be published regularly. 3. Journals should accept papers contributed not only by society members but by nonmembers as well. 4. The society should bear the cost of data (full-text PDF or XML, bibliographic XML data, etc.) production and monitor the quality of uploaded data. Department of Databases for 9
  • 10. J-STAGE 1 (1999-2003) • Released in 1999 • • • • • Full-text search Electronic appendix publishing Access statistics service Links to cited references Submission and review system J-STAGE 2 (2003-2012) • Released in 2003 • • • • • Access statistics system conforming to COUNTER standard Advance publication Pay per view (credit card payment) My J-STAGE (user-specific page) Upgraded submission and review system Department of Databases for 10
  • 11. J-STAGE 3 (2012-) • Released in 2012 • • • • • XML (JATS0.4) compliance OpenID compliance Support for CrossCheck service Linking to SNS services Upgraded submission and review system (ASP systems powered by ScholarOne Manuscripts, Editorial Manager) Department of Databases for 11
  • 12. Number of titles and societies 1400 1300 1200 1100 1000 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Department of Databases for FY201 2 FY201 1 FY201 0 FY2009 FY2008 FY2007 FY2006 FY2005 FY2004 FY2003 FY2002 FY2001 FY2000 FY1 999 Reports Proceed ings J ourna ls S ocieties 12
  • 13. Journals on J-STAGE (subject categories) Medicine,Pharmacy 10.9% Engineering 29.8% 13.5% Biosciences Chemistry Physics 2.5% Interdisciplinary studies Social Sciences, Humanities 2.9% 12.3% 28.1% Department of Databases for (As of September, 2013) 13
  • 14. J-STAGE provides valuable contents for free Subscriptions Required 13.0% Free 87.0% (As of September, 2013) Department of Databases for 14
  • 15. Languages English 21% English/ Japanese 48% Japanese 31% (As of September, 2013) Department of Databases for 15
  • 16. Top 20 most downloaded J-STAGE journals (full text) Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan 1,047,825 Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 615,421 Nihon Hotetsu Shika Gakkai Zasshi 562,186 Rigakuryoho Kagaku 560,201 Practica Oto-Rhino-Laryngologica 557,970 Orthopedics & Traumatology 511,617 Folia Pharmacologica Japonica 497,717 Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 495,855 Internal Medicine 485,549 Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 474,442 Chemistry Letters 433,974 Circulation Journal 409,577 Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan 406,172 Kobunshi 394,374 NIPPON GOMU KYOKAISHI 385,062 JAPANESE JOURNAL OF ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY 376,791 Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 366,753 Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association) 355,553 Analytical Sciences 329,534 Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 329,295 Department of Databases for (May 2013 to December 2013) 16
  • 17. Worldwide distribution from / to J-STAGE J-STAGE provided about 10 million full-text downloads from abroad in 2012. Iran 1.3% Indonesia 0.8% Taiwan 1.1% Other 11.6% Unknown 0.1% Brazil 1.3% South Korea 1.8% Sweden 1.8% India 3.1% EU 3.2% United States 5.7% China 10.3% PDF (full text) downloads in FY2011 Department of Databases for Japan 57.8% From 210 countries / regions 17
  • 18. IF growth of Japanese journals indexed in MEDLINE • Contribution to gaining Impact Factor (IF) – Of 236 IF journals from Japan in 2011, 110 are published on J-STAGE Japan overall (journals) 205 200 236 200 - Those registered with J-STAGE 101 96 110 100 2009 2010 2011 Trend in IF-gaining journals registered with J-STAGE – Growth in IF of Japanese journals in MEDLINE (2000-2009) 189.4% 147.0% Journals using platforms outside Japan K. HAYASHI , T. KUROSAWA , M. MATSUDA. Analysis of publishing structure of Japanese medical journals indexed in MEDLINE and their impact . Johokanri . 2012, vol. 55, no. 6, p. 412. Journals using J-STAGE Department of Databases for 18
  • 19. Japan Link Center   Institutional repositories, etc. (university bulletins, research institute reports, and other reports) ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・ ・ Database search services outside Japan DOI linking organizations E-journals outside Japan DOI DOI DOI ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・ ・ DOI DOI ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・ ・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・ ・ DOI DOI ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・・・・・ ・ ・ DOI DOI E-journals in Japan DOI DOI DOI, URL, ISSN, title, bibliographic information, database entry number Direct use of DOI information Research information sites, etc. Databases in Japan Department of Databases for Information and Knowledge Infrastructure JAPAN SCIENCE for Department of Databases AND TECHNOLOGY AGENCY (JST) 19 19
  • 20. What is the Japan Link Center (JaLC)? About the Japan Link Center (JaLC) • The JaLC is the only Japanese organization (and the 9th in the world) authorized by the IDF as a Registration Agency (RA) for DOI • Domestic institutions work together to perform central functions using DOI to promote management and distribution of digital content. • Administered jointly by academic institutions in Japan. MOU on JaLC Project Administration (signed May 28, 2012) •National Diet Library (NDL) •Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) •National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) •National Institute of Informatics (NII) Department of Databases for 20 20
  • 21. Alliance with literature databases and search engines -The brand names and product names are registered trademarks of their respective companies. Department of Databases for 21
  • 22. Challenges: ID-based systematic analysis  Integrated analysis of dispersed information by assigning identifiers to researchers, affiliations, keywords, etc.  Access log (COUNTER Compliant), altmetrics that help journals to develop their respective strategies in Japan ex. Personal name Identification overseas funding information altmetrics Share IDs Institutions © Altmetric 2012 researchers information list of personnel Common ID researchers DB of researchers Recruitment information J-STAGE Access log … Affiliations Public sector projects keywords Private sector reports patents papers news business Department of Databases for 22
  • 23. Challenges: J-STAGE as a data repository I. Searching content associated with papers ・ good identification with DOIs I. DOI ・ bidirectional search for articles and data content DOI DOI DOI Life sciences data inputs Collaborative Databases DOI DOI DOI Search & Utilize the data Private sector Assigning DOI *DOI: Digital Object Identifier II. Adding features of a data repository II. DOI etc. DOI DOI DOI INNOVATION ・ government-funded research achievements ・ temporary projects etc. Promoting efficient research activities/creative endeavors Department of Databases for 23
  • 24. Promote the Journals on J-STAGE • JST is working with the publishing societies to promote the journals. • We are also planning to select well-established leading journals on J-STAGE and provide intensive support (like journals package promotion) to them for distributing across the globe. Readers Side: helps researchers find high-visibility articles from 1,600 titles provides opportunities for potential readers Publishers Side: supports publishers to gain prestige on J-STAGE gives chances to get prioritized supports for publication from JST Department of Databases for 24
  • 25. Thank you very much for your attention Through J-STAGE and JaLC, JST is disseminating Japan’s science and technology information to the world. J-STAGE https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/ 25