History of  Educational Technology <ul><li>Richard Schwier </li></ul><ul><li>University of Saskatchewan </li></ul>Attribut...
Go ahead...
Why bother? <ul><li>because Alec and Rob say so  </li></ul><ul><li>rich tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian edtech vs. US...
Why Engineers Should Know Edgar Dale
Why me? <ul><li>because Alec & Rob say so </li></ul><ul><li>old guy syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>know a lot of old dudes </l...
It’s Greek to me <ul><li>Elder Sophists and  Future Shop salespeople </li></ul>
Greek Philosophy <ul><li>Four questions of cause:  material formal efficient functional </li></ul>
Greek Philosophy <ul><li>4 questions of cause:  material, formal, efficient, functional </li></ul>
seven cardinal virtues  & seven deadly sins <ul><li>chastity </li></ul><ul><li>temperance </li></ul><ul><li>charity </li><...
Question 1: <ul><li>What is your earliest memory of an educational technology? </li></ul>
Question 2: <ul><li>Who is the most influential non-Canadian scholar in educational technology you can name? </li></ul>
Question 3 <ul><li>Who is the most influential CANADIAN scholar in educational technology you can name? </li></ul>
Posse cup quiz How many of these people can you name?
And how about these?
and these?
List of “thinkers” in ECT according to <ul><li>Wikipedia: Karl Fisch Ian Jukes Jamie McKenzie Scott McLeod Alan November S...
What is CNIE?
Canadian Network for  Innovation in Education - 2007 AMTEC - 1971 CADE - 1980s CAVA - 1961 EMAC-1968 DAVI - 1958 ETRAC - 1...
Journals as moving targets AMTEC <ul><li>CAVA News - 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Media - 1969 - 1971 </li></ul><ul>...
Journals as moving targets AECT <ul><li>AVCR - 1952-1977 </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Communication and Technology (ECTJ)...
Panaceas for schools <ul><li>Film - 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>Television - 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed instruction - ...
MPATI
A Turning Point:  Social responsibility <ul><li>One Laptop Per Child  (August, 2006 Ted Talk, Nicholas Negroponte) </li></...
Movement -not technology but epistemology <ul><li>Objectivism </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitivism </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivi...
Shifts in ET   from  Teemu Arina
Shifts in ET Objectivism Cognitivism Social Learning Constructivism
Shifts in ET Objectivism Cognitivism Social Learning Constructivism Individual growth Group growth
Distinctly Canadian
Common mis-speakings <ul><li>ET is a new discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Media comparison studies </li></ul><ul><li>Data = kn...
The Future
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Some History Of Educational Technology

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An overview of some significant people and trends in educational technology with a Canadian flavour

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Some History Of Educational Technology

  1. 1. History of Educational Technology <ul><li>Richard Schwier </li></ul><ul><li>University of Saskatchewan </li></ul>Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.5 Canada
  2. 2. Go ahead...
  3. 3. Why bother? <ul><li>because Alec and Rob say so </li></ul><ul><li>rich tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian edtech vs. USA edtech </li></ul><ul><li>enjoy knowing where you fit - river of life </li></ul><ul><li>past provides understanding of the future </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Engineers Should Know Edgar Dale
  5. 5. Why me? <ul><li>because Alec & Rob say so </li></ul><ul><li>old guy syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>know a lot of old dudes </li></ul><ul><li>actually studied with some old dudes </li></ul><ul><li>started out in the USA </li></ul><ul><li>came to Canada early enough to witness much of its growth and transformation </li></ul>
  6. 6. It’s Greek to me <ul><li>Elder Sophists and Future Shop salespeople </li></ul>
  7. 7. Greek Philosophy <ul><li>Four questions of cause: material formal efficient functional </li></ul>
  8. 8. Greek Philosophy <ul><li>4 questions of cause: material, formal, efficient, functional </li></ul>
  9. 9. seven cardinal virtues & seven deadly sins <ul><li>chastity </li></ul><ul><li>temperance </li></ul><ul><li>charity </li></ul><ul><li>diligence </li></ul><ul><li>patience </li></ul><ul><li>kindness </li></ul><ul><li>humility </li></ul><ul><li>lust </li></ul><ul><li>gluttony </li></ul><ul><li>greed </li></ul><ul><li>sloth </li></ul><ul><li>wrath </li></ul><ul><li>envy </li></ul><ul><li>pride </li></ul>
  10. 10. Question 1: <ul><li>What is your earliest memory of an educational technology? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Question 2: <ul><li>Who is the most influential non-Canadian scholar in educational technology you can name? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Question 3 <ul><li>Who is the most influential CANADIAN scholar in educational technology you can name? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Posse cup quiz How many of these people can you name?
  14. 14. And how about these?
  15. 15. and these?
  16. 16. List of “thinkers” in ECT according to <ul><li>Wikipedia: Karl Fisch Ian Jukes Jamie McKenzie Scott McLeod Alan November Seymour Papert Will Richardson Gary Stager John Sweller Joyce Kazman Valenza David Warlick David Marcovitz </li></ul>Rick (abridged): Comenius James Finn Robert Gagné Albert Bandura Seymour Papert Marshall McLuhan Allan Paivio Nicholas Negroponte M. David Merrill Elizabeth Boling Macy Driscoll George Siemens Stephen Downes Brent Wilson David Jonassen Charles Reigeluth Andy Gibbons Etienne Wenger Denys Hlynka Terry Anderson
  17. 17. What is CNIE?
  18. 18. Canadian Network for Innovation in Education - 2007 AMTEC - 1971 CADE - 1980s CAVA - 1961 EMAC-1968 DAVI - 1958 ETRAC - 1968
  19. 19. Journals as moving targets AMTEC <ul><li>CAVA News - 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Media - 1969 - 1971 </li></ul><ul><li>Media Message - 1973 - </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Journal of Educational Communication 1983 - 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian Journal of Learning & Technology 2001 - ?? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Journals as moving targets AECT <ul><li>AVCR - 1952-1977 </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Communication and Technology (ECTJ) - 1978 - 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Journal of Instructional Development 1978-1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Technology Research & Development 1992 - ?? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Panaceas for schools <ul><li>Film - 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>Television - 1950s </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed instruction - 1960s </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic instructional design - 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Computers - 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet - 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Social networks & Web 2.0 - 2000s </li></ul>
  22. 22. MPATI
  23. 23. A Turning Point: Social responsibility <ul><li>One Laptop Per Child (August, 2006 Ted Talk, Nicholas Negroponte) </li></ul><ul><li>http://tinyurl.com/2gbo5p </li></ul>
  24. 24. Movement -not technology but epistemology <ul><li>Objectivism </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitivism </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivism </li></ul><ul><li>Collective constructionism - Social learning </li></ul>Individuals Groups
  25. 25. Shifts in ET from Teemu Arina
  26. 26. Shifts in ET Objectivism Cognitivism Social Learning Constructivism
  27. 27. Shifts in ET Objectivism Cognitivism Social Learning Constructivism Individual growth Group growth
  28. 28. Distinctly Canadian
  29. 29. Common mis-speakings <ul><li>ET is a new discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Media comparison studies </li></ul><ul><li>Data = knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge - understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Models of complex systems are true </li></ul><ul><li>Computers can replace teachers </li></ul><ul><li>ET = computers + internet + schools </li></ul><ul><li>North Americans invented ET </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Future

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