The Essentials of Apologetics - Why God (Part 1)?
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The Essentials of Apologetics - Why God (Part 1)?

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This presentation presents the first of three core arguments for the existence of God and presents evidence for God being the beginning cause of the universe.

This presentation presents the first of three core arguments for the existence of God and presents evidence for God being the beginning cause of the universe.

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  • “The Principles of Nature and of Grace, Based on Reason”in Leibniz Selections, ed. P. Wiener (New York: Scriber’s, 1951), 527. From Craig, On Guard, pg. 62.
  • On Guard, 91.
  • God and Philosophy, pg. 189. Gilson – French philosopher and professor
  • I don’t have enough faith to be an atheist, pg. 84-5.
  • I don’t have enough faith to be an atheist, pg. 84-5.

The Essentials of Apologetics - Why God (Part 1)? The Essentials of Apologetics - Why God (Part 1)? Presentation Transcript

  • H o p eForTheHurtingA Study in 1 Peterwww.confidentchristians.orgWhy God…?A Beginning Cause
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseIntroductionThe Most Basic Question in Philosophy
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“Why is there somethingrather than nothing?”- G. W. Leibniz“The Principles of Nature and of Grace, Based on Reason” View slide
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“Why do we have somethingrather than nothing at all?”-Martin Heidegger“The Fundamental Question of Metaphysics” View slide
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause1. Reality is an illusion2. Reality is self-created3. Reality is self-existent4. Reality was created bysomething that is self-existentFour Possible Options for Reality
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseExamining the OptionsAn Appeal to the Best Explanation for Reality
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseReality an Illusion?Student: “Professor, I‟m not sure I even exist!”Professor: “Who ,then, may I say is asking?”• You must exist to deny your own existence; it is self-defeating to claim youdon‟t exist and are just an illusion.• Illusions require something experiencing the illusion.• In other words, reality is not an illusion.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseReality Self-Created?“Because there is a law likegravity, the universe canand will create itself fromnothing”– Stephen HawkingThe Grand Design
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseFirst Problem with Self-Creationparticlesenergymattermotionspace…everythinggravityAre these „nothing‟?quantum vacuum
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseFirst Problem with Self-CreationThis is „nothing‟
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“Nothing is what rocks dreamabout.”- Aristotle
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“Hawkings argument appears to meeven more illogical when he says theexistence of gravity means the creationof the universe was inevitable. But howdid gravity exist in the first place? Whoput it there? And what was the creativeforce behind its birth?Similarly, when Hawking argues insupport of his theory of spontaneouscreation that it was only necessary forthe blue touch paper to be lit to setthe universe going, the question mustbe: where did this blue touch papercome from? And who lit it, if not God?”- John Lennox
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseSecond Problem with Self-Creation• A thing cannot beontologically prior to itself• To create yourself, you musthave existed prior to yourself• Self-creation fails as anexplanation because it isanalytically false
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseTwo Options Down, Two to Go…• Something exists• Nothing cannot create something• Therefore, a necessary andeternal being exists- Jonathan Edwards
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseTwo Options for a Necessary & Eternal Being1 An Eternal Universe“The Cosmos is all there will ever be” – Carl Sagan2 An Eternal Creator“In the beginning, God…” – The BibleVS.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“There are not many options –essentially just two. Either humanintelligence ultimately owes itsorigin to mindless matter; or thereis a Creator. It is strange thatsome people claim that it is theirintelligence that leads them toprefer the first to the second.”- John Lennox
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseSo Which Is It?“However concrete physical reality is sectioned up, the result will be a stateof affairs which owes its being to something other than itself.”– Dallas Willard
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhy Think the Universe Is Not Eternal?• All current scientific evidence points to a beginning of the universe• If the universe had a beginning then it has not always existed• If the universe hasn‟t always existed, then something else must
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseThe Kalam Cosmological Argument for God• Everything that begins to exist has a cause• The universe began to exist• Therefore, the universe has a cause
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhy Think the Universe Had a Beginning?• Second Law of Thermodynamics – the universe is running down• Expanding Universe – confirmed through Hubble telescope• Radiation Echo – discovered in the 1930‟s; evidence for big bang• Galaxy Seeds – discovered in the 1990‟s by COBE explorer• Einstein‟s theory of relativity – proves universe had a beginning
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhy Think Something Needs a Cause?• Infinite series of regresses – not possible• Things popping into existence from nothing – never observed (whythink a tiger just won‟t pop into existence right next to you now?)
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhat about the Quantum Vacuum?• Does Quantum Mechanics (QM)show that things come into existencefrom nothing?• At least 10 different interpretationsexist of the mathematical equations ofQM, some fully deterministic andsome indeterminate.• No one knows which is correct• More importantly, the quantumvacuum is not „nothing‟.• The vacuum is a sea of fluctuatingenergy governed by physical lawshaving a physical structure. Noevidence suggests that things comeinto being from nothing.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhat about the Multi-Verse?• The multiple universe theorypostulates the simultaneousexistence of many, possibly infinitelymany, parallel universes in whichalmost anything which is theoreticallypossible.• A multi-verse still has the problem ofan infinite regress. Such an issue isnot limited to this universe; it appliesto any reality.• Scientifically, there is no evidence forit, and good reasons for thinking thatsuch a thing does not exist. No modelhas evidence showing any reality thatextends into the infinite past.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhat about the Multi-Verse?• In 2003, Arvind Borde, Alan Guth, andAlexander Vilenkin were able to provethat any universe which has, onaverage, been expanding throughoutits history cannot be infinite in thepast but must have a past space/timeboundary.• What makes their proof so powerful isthat it holds regardless of the physicaldescription of the very early universe.• Their theorem implies that thequantum vacuum state which mayhave characterized the early universecannot be eternal in the past but musthave had an absolute beginning.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“It is said that an argument is whatconvinces reasonable men and aproof is what it takes to convinceeven an unreasonable man. With theproof now in place, cosmologists canno longer hide behind the possibilityof a past-eternal universe. There isno escape, they have to face theproblem of a cosmic beginning.”- Dr. Alexander Vilenkin, Physicist
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseDrowning the FishSpontaneous creation from nothing…quantum vacuums….multi-verses…These and other such propositions by naturalistic scientists are an exampleof “drowning the fish”. You can use all the water in the oceans in an attemptto drown the animal, but in the end, it will still be there affirming its existenceand presence.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhy Deny the Possibility of God?“Many people do not like theidea that time has abeginning, probablybecause it smacks ofdivine intervention.”– Stephen Hawking
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhy Deny the Possibility of God?“There are only two possibilities as to how lifearose; one is spontaneous generation arisingto evolution, the other is a supernaturalcreative act of God, there is no thirdpossibility. Spontaneous generation that lifearose from non-living matter was scientificallydisproved 120 years ago by Louis Pasteur andothers. That leaves us with only one possibleconclusion, that life arose as a creative act ofGod. I will not accept that philosophicallybecause I do not want to believe in God,therefore I choose to believe in that which Iknow is scientifically impossible”– Dr. George WaldProfessor Emeritus of Biology, HarvardNobel Prize winner in Biology
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“At first the scientific community was veryreluctant to accept the idea of a birth of theuniverse. Not only did the Big Bang modelseem to give in to the Judeo-Christian ideaof a beginning of the world, but it alsoseemed to have to call for an act ofsupernatural creation. . . .It took time,observational evidence, and carefulverification of predictions made by the BigBang model to convince the scientificcommunity to accept the idea of a cosmicgenesis. . . . The Big Bang is a verysuccessful model . . . that imposed itselfon a reluctant scientific community.”- J. M. Wersinger
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseThe Option of a CreatorWhy God is the Best Explanation for Reality
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“But why anything at all is, orexists, science knows not,precisely because it cannot evenask the question. To this supremequestion, the only conceivableanswer is that each and everyparticular existential energy, eachand every particular existing thing,depends for its existence upon apure Act of existence.”- Etienne Gilson
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause1. Reality is an illusion2. Reality is self-created3. Reality is self-existent4. Reality was created bysomething that is self-existentRevisiting the Four Possible Options for Reality
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“I may say that when I was a young manand was debating these questions veryseriously in my mind, I for a long timeaccepted the argument of the First Cause,until one day, at the age of eighteen, I readJohn Stuart Mills Autobiography, and Ithere found this sentence: "My fathertaught me that the question Who mademe? cannot be answered, since itimmediately suggests the further question`Who made god?" That very simplesentence showed me, as I still think, thefallacy in the argument of the First Cause.If everything must have a cause, then Godmust have a cause.”- Bertrand Russell
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseA Category Mistake“What does the color blue taste like?”“Where is the bachelor‟s wife?”Positing a self-existent first cause is philosophically sound; youdon‟t make the unmade.
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“A Self-Existent, Eternal God?? Gimme a Break! Impossible!Typical Skeptical Objection
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“A Self-Existent, Eternal Universe?? Gimme a Break! Impossible!The Christian Response
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseFact: You Must Go Back to A Self-Existent, Eternal Something• If you deny a self-existent, necessary, and eternal Creator, you mustautomatically embrace a self-existent, necessary, and eternal universe(or a combination of the two, which is pantheism).• Every drop of scientific data points to the conclusion that the universehad a beginning and is not eternal.• Why is an eternal Creator preposterous and an eternal universe not?Perhaps because an eternal universe is an amoral entity who doesn‟thold anyone accountable?
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseWhat Kind of First Cause Are We Talking About?• The cause must be supernatural in nature (it created the natural).• The cause must be powerful (incredibly).• The cause must be eternal (self-existent; no infinite regress of causes).• The cause must be omnipresent (it created space and is not limited by it).• The cause must be timeless and changeless (it created time).• The cause must be immaterial (because it transcends space/physical).• The cause must be personal (defined as “having intent”).• The cause must be necessary (as everything else depends on it).• The cause must be infinite and singular as you cannot have two infinites.• The cause must be diverse yet have unity.• The cause must be intelligent (supremely).• The cause must be purposeful (it deliberately created everything).• The cause must be moral (no moral law can be had without a giver).• The cause must be caring (or no moral laws would have been given).
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseThe Bible Describes Just Such a Cause• God is supernatural (Genesis 1:1)• Powerful (Jeremiah 32:17)• Eternal (Psalm 90:2)• Omnipresent (Psalm 139:7)• Timeless/changeless (Malachi 3:6)• Immaterial (John 5:24)• Personal (Genesis 3:9)• Necessary (Colossians 1:17)• Infinite/singular (Jeremiah 23:24, Deut. 6:4)• Diverse yet with unity (Matthew 28:19)• Intelligent (Psalm 147:4-5)• Purposeful (Jeremiah 29:11)• Moral (Daniel 9:14)• Caring (1 Peter 5:6-7)
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“Astronomers now find they have paintedthemselves into a corner because theyhave proven, by their own methods, thatthe world began abruptly in an act ofcreation to which you can trace the seedsof every star, every planet, every livingthing in this cosmos and on the earth. Andthey have found that all this happened asa product of forces they cannot hope todiscover. . . . That there are what I oranyone would call supernatural forces atwork is now, I think, a scientifically provenfact.”- Robert Jastrow, NASA Scientist
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseConclusionsFinal Thoughts
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseOf the Four Options for Reality, God is the Best ExplanationWhich is more reasonable to believe:(1) That an impersonal, non-conscious, meaningless, purposeless, andamoral universe that had its own beginning accidentally created personal,conscious, moral beings who are obsessed with meaning and purpose, or(2) That a personal, conscious, purposeful, intelligent, moral, eternal Godcreated beings in His likeness and established the universe and its laws togovern their existence?
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning Cause“The best data we have[concerning the origin of theuniverse] are exactly what Iwould have predicted, had Inothing to go on but the fivebooks of Moses, the Psalms,and the Bible as a whole.”- Arno Penzias, Nobel Astrophysicist
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseFor More Information/Presentationswww.powerpointapologist.orgwww.confidentchristians.org
  • The Essentials of Apologetics – Why God: A Beginning CauseFor More Apologetics Resourceswww.apologetics315.com
  • H o p eForTheHurtingA Study in 1 Peterwww.confidentchristians.orgWhy God…?A Beginning Cause