The Creed - I Believe In Creation

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This presentation covers proofs for the creation of the universe by God and examines Biblical and philosophical evidence regarding how it was carried out.

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The Creed - I Believe In Creation

  1. 1. I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only The CreedSon, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he roseagain from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the I BELIEVE in CREATION right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holycatholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen
  2. 2. I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his onlySon, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he roseagain from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holycatholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen
  3. 3. " In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” - Genesis 1:1The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  4. 4. “Astronomy leads us to a unique event, a universe which was created out of nothing, one with the very delicate balance needed to provide exactly the conditions required to permit life, and one which has an underlying (one might say ‘supernatural’) plan.” - Arno Penzias, Physicist, Nobel laureateThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  5. 5. “Out of nothing didst Thou create heaven and earth – a great thing and a small – because Thou are Almighty and Good, to make all things good, even the great heaven and the small earth. Thou wast, and there was nought else from which Thou didst create heaven and earth.” - Augustine, ConfessionsThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  6. 6. What about Evolution? “An atheist before Darwin could have said, following Hume: "I have no explanation for complex biological design. All I know is that God isnt a good explanation, so we must wait and hope that somebody comes up with a better one." I cant help feeling that such a position, though logically sound, would have left one feeling pretty unsatisfied, and that although atheism might have been logically tenable before Darwin, Darwin made it possible to be an intellectually fulfilled atheist.” - Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker Question: Does evolution answer the question of existence?The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  7. 7. What about Evolution? “It seems to me that Richard Dawkins constantly overlooks the fact that Darwin himself, in the fourteenth chapter of The Origin of Species, pointed out that his whole argument began with a being which already possessed reproductive powers. This is the creature the evolution of which a truly comprehensive theory of evolution must give some account. Darwin himself was well aware that he had not produced such an account. It now seems to me that the findings of more than fifty years of DNA research have provided materials for a new and enormously powerful argument to design.” - Anthony Flew, philosopher and former atheistThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  8. 8. Key Question… “How did God create all that we know?”The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  9. 9. The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  10. 10. Three Possible Creation Scenarios 1. Ex Materia 2. Ex Deo 3. Ex Nihilo Christianity teaches an Ex Nihilo creationThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  11. 11. Ex Materia – Out of Existing Matter Plato taught that matter was eternal and in his work Timaeus , he gives posits the Demiurgos (although there is some foreshadowing of this being in previous works) who is the world former of the Good that Plato writes about in his work the Republic. The Demiurgos works in an ex materia way. He is also a producing cause and not a purposing cause. Finally, the Good is not a personal God of any kind to be worshipped nor is it a creator. Plato is the only Greek philosopher to believe time had a beginning. Key Points: Matter is eternal; creation=formation; Demiurgos is a former not producer; God is not sovereign over everything.The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  12. 12. Ex Materia – Out of Existing Matter Aristotle posited the one he called “The unmoved mover”. To Aristotle, the universe is eternal and the unmoved mover or “First Cause” was Pure Form or Actuality and not infinite. Like Plato’s Good, it was also not a being to be worshipped, but unlike Plato’s Demiurge, the First Cause is a final and purposing cause, but still should not be equated to the same efficient/producing cause of Christianity that brought the universe into being out of nothing since Aristotle held to an eternal universe.The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  13. 13. Ex Deo – Out of God Plotinus’ cosmogony is that God is ‘one’ that created the world ex deo, that is, out of himself. This act is a process of emanation, where the One unfolds itself as a seed unfolds into a flower. His attempt to explain unity and diversity: • Many beings exist • All multiplicity is based on prior unity • There must be an absolute unity that is the basis of all multiplicity • This absolute unity cannot be a being as it is the source of all being and being involves multiplicity • This One absolute unity must necessarily unfold itself to produce self-consciousness, called Intellect • As the One unfolds itself outwardly, it produces the World Soul, or the “many”The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  14. 14. Comparing Greek and Biblical Views Biblical Plotinus Plato Aristotle Ex Nihilo Ex Deo Ex Materia Ex Materia Separate Beings Initiator Father One Good Universe One Being Creates by Son Intellect Demiurge Unmoved Mover Gives Life Spirit Soul World Soul Soul Remember that the Greek thinkers arrived at their conclusions via General Revelation alone.The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  15. 15. Biblical Creation " In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.“ (Genesis 1:1-2)Herbert Spencer was an evolutionist/scientist who said all reality is made up of 5 components: Time, Force, Action, Space, Matter Time Force Action Space Matter “In the beginning, God created the Heavens and the earth.”The Creed – I Believe in God
  16. 16. Correct Way to Think about Creation God is to creation like a painter is to their painting, or a sculptor is to their sculpture… He created the world and manifests Himself in it. The universe and world are not “of” God (pantheism) but distinct from Him. Creator Creation Uncreated Created Infinite Finite Eternal Temporal Necessary Contingent Changeless ChangingThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  17. 17. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Kalam Cosmological Argument – Originating Cause • Everything that begins to exist must have a cause • The universe began to exist • Therefore, the universe had a cause “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.” - Genesis 1:1The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  18. 18. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Vertical Cosmological Argument – Sustaining Cause • Everything in the universe is dependent (contingent) • If every part of the universe is dependent, then so is the whole • Therefore, the universe is dependent right now on some independent / Necessary Being for its present existence "He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together." Colossians 1:17 "And He ... upholds all things by the word of His power..." Hebrews 1:2-3The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  19. 19. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Teleological Argument – Argument from Design • Behind every complex design is a designer • The universe has a complex design • Therefore, the universe has a designer “Biologists must constantly keep in mind that what they see was not designed, but rather evolved.” – Francis Crick, co-discoverer of DNAThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  20. 20. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Teleological Argument – Argument from Design 1. Anthropic Principle 2. Irreducible Complexity 3. Specified Complexity “...as I became exposed to the law and order of the universe, I was literallyhumbled by its unerring perfection. I became convinced that there must be a divineintent behind it all... My experiences with science led me to God. They challenge science to prove the existence of God. But must we really light a candle to see the sun?” (Dr. Wernher von Braun, the father of rocket science)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  21. 21. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Teleological Argument – Anthropic Principle • Oxygen currently makes up 21 percent of the atmosphere. Were it 25 percent, fires would erupt everywhere and if it were 15 percent, humans would suffocate. • If gravity was altered by 0.00000000000000000000000000000000000000001 percent, the sun would not exist and the moon would crash into earth. Further, if the centrifugal force of planetary movements did not precisely balance the gravitational forces, nothing could be held in orbit around the sun. • If the universe was expanding at a rate one millionth more slowly than it is, the temperature on earth would be 10,000 degrees. • If Jupiter was not exactly where it is, earth would be bombarded by space material that would threaten life on the planet.The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  22. 22. “Now some people have tried to avoid this conclusion by saying that we shouldn’t be surprised at the incredible fine-tuning of the universe because if the universe were not fine-tuned, then we wouldn’t be here to be surprised about it. Given that we are here, we should expect the universe to be fine- tuned. But the fallacy of this reasoning can be made clear by means of an illustration. Suppose you’re traveling abroad and are arrested on a trumped up drug charge and dragged before a firing squad of 100 trained marksmen to be executed. The command is given: Ready. Aim. Fire! You hear the deafening roar of the guns. And you discover that you are still alive, that all the 100 trained marksmen missed! Now what do you conclude? I really shouldn’t be surprised at the improbability of them all missing because if they hadn’t missed, then I wouldn’t be here. Since I am here, I should, expect them all to miss. Of course not! You would rightly conclude that they all missed on purpose, that the whole thing was set up, for some reason, by someone. In exactly the same way, given the incomprehensibly improbable fine-tuning of the universe for intelligent life, it is rational to conclude that this is not the result of chance, but design.” - William Lane CraigThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  23. 23. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Teleological Argument – Irreducible Complexity Charles Darwin admitted that, “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed, which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.” Scientists now know that many such entities exist. In Darwin’s time, scientists could not see into what biochemist Dr. Michael Behe calls “Darwin’s black box”, which is the cell. Darwin thought the cell to be a simple structure, however time and scientific advances have proven him wrong. Instead, there is advanced complexity all the way down.The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  24. 24. Apologetic Proofs for Creation Teleological Argument – Specified Complexity Darwinist Richard Dawkins admits that the message found in just the cell nucleus of an amoeba is more than all thirty volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica, with the entire amoeba itself having as much information in its DNA as 1,000 complete sets of the Encyclopedia Britannica. The important thing to understand is that the makeup of these entities is not random, but instead the information is highly organized. “It is important to understand that we are not reasoning by analogy. The sequence hypothesis applies directly to the protein and the genetic text as well as to written language and therefore the treatment is mathematically identical.” - Herbert P. Yockey, BiologistThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  25. 25. “Incidentally, is it not to be wondered at that our archaeologist immediately infers intelligent origin when faced with a few simple scratches whereas some scientists, when faced with the 3.5 billion letter sequence of the human genome, inform us that it is to be explained solely in terms of chance and necessity?” -John Lennox, PhD, Mathematics, Philosophy “If science is based on experience, then science tells us that the message encoded in DNA must have originated from an intelligent source. What kind of intelligent agent was it? On its own, science cannot answer this question; it must leave it to religion and philosophy. But that should not prevent science from acknowledging evidences for an intelligent cause origin wherever they may exist.” - Dean Kenyon, BiophysicistThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  26. 26. The Power of General Revelation “But the basic reality of God is plain enough. Open your eyes and there it is! ” – Romans 1:19, The MessageThe Creed – I Believe in God
  27. 27. Seven Orthodox Views of Creation I. Young Earth – Earth is thousands of years old. 1. Standard Six-Day Creation 2. Ideal-Time II. Old Earth – Earth could be millions/billions of years old. 1. Long ‘Days’ 2. Revelatory-Days 3. Day-Age 4. Literary Framework 5. Gap /Ruin-ReconstructionViewThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  28. 28. Young/Old Earth Agreements /Disagreements I. Agreements 1. Direct supernatural creation of all forms of life 2. Opposition to Naturalism (no supernatural cause) 3. Opposition to Macroevolution 4. Historicity of Genesis account II. Disagreements 1. Age of the earth 2. Literal days/allegorical days view of Genesis account Age of the earth should not be a test for orthodoxyThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  29. 29. Days of Creation FORM FULLNESS Day One Day Four 1:14-19 1:3-5• Speak light into existence • Speak Lights into the Expanse to• Separate light/dark • Separate/Rule Day/Night for Signs,• Ordered Time for seasons, for Days/Years light/dark Day Two Day Five 1:6-8 1:20-23• Speak to Separate Waters • Speak Waters to Team with Fish• Order: Waters below Expanse • Separate Birds to Fly in Expanse Waters above • Bless Day Three Day Six 1:24-31 1:9-13 • Speak Earth to Bring Forth Living• Speak to Separate Waters Below so Creation in Kind Dry Land Appears • Let Us Make Man in Our Image• Name: Earth/Sea • Let Them Rule• Speak Earth to Sprout Plants • Bless • Divide PlantsThe Creed – I Believe in Creation 29
  30. 30. Scripture Refutes Macroevolution “Then God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees on the earth bearing fruit after their kind with seed in them”; and it was so. The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit with seed in them, after their kind; and God saw that it was good … God created the great sea monsters and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarmed after their kind, and every winged bird after its kind; and God saw that it was good … Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures after their kind: cattle and creeping things and beasts of the earth after their kind”; and it was so. God made the beasts of the earth after their kind, and the cattle after their kind, and everything that creeps on the ground after its kind; and God saw that it was good.” - Genesis 1:11-12, 21, 24-25The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  31. 31. Scripture Refutes Macroevolution “All flesh is not the same flesh, but there is one flesh of men, and another flesh of beasts, and another flesh of birds, and another of fish.” (1 Corinthians 15:39)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  32. 32. Scriptures Speaking to Creation “You alone are the Lord. You have made the heavens, The heaven of heavens with all their host, The earth and all that is on it, The seas and all that is in them. You give life to all of them And the heavenly host bows down before You.” (Nehemiah 9:6) “The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands. Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge. There is no speech, nor are there words; Their voice is not heard.” (Psalm 19:1-3)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  33. 33. Scriptures Speaking to Creation "By the word of the Lord the heavens were made, And by the breath of His mouth all their host.“ (Psalm 33:6) “It is I who made the earth, and created man upon it. I stretched out the heavens with My hands And I ordained all their host.” (Isaiah 45:12) “Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, and the one who formed you from the womb, “I, the Lord, am the maker of all things, Stretching out the heavens by Myself And spreading out the earth all alone,” (Isaiah 44:24)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  34. 34. Christ as Instrumental Cause “ In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being … He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.” (John 1:1-3, 10) “yet for us there is but one God, the Father, from whom are all things and we exist for Him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we exist through Him.” (1 Corinthians 8:6)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  35. 35. Christ as Instrumental Cause “For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created through Him and for Him.” (Colossians 1:16) “God, after He spoke long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in these last days has spoken to us in His Son, whom He appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the world.” (Hebrews 1:1-2)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  36. 36. The Brilliance of Christ in Creation John Polkinghorne, British particle physicist and professor at Cambridge, noted that the expansion and contraction rates were so precise in the nanoseconds of the Big Bang, that it would be like taking aim at a one-inch square 20 billion light years away and hitting it bull’s eye on the first try. “Gentlemen”, said Polkinhorne, “there is no free lunch.”The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  37. 37. Why a Right View of Creation Matters 1. Creation has a bearing on how one views the Creator Only God as described in the Bible is uncreated, infinite, eternal, necessary, and changeless. A cosmogony position that holds to anything else will be flawed in literally every direction in which it expands “The history of mankind will probably show that no people has ever risen above its religion, and man’s spiritual history will positively demonstrate that no religion has ever been greater than its idea of God.” – A. W. TozerThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  38. 38. Why a Right View of Creation Matters 2. A Good Apologetic Demands a Right View of Origins Every philosophical system and worldview must pass through the same series of questions to determine where they stand in regard to reality: 1. Where did all of ‘this’ come from and how did it come? 2. What has gone wrong with the world? 3. How will the world be set right from the state it is currently in?The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  39. 39. Why a Right View of Creation Matters “Take away the first three chapters of Genesis, and you cannot maintain a true Christian position nor give Christianity’s answers” – Francis Schaeffer The God Who is ThereThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  40. 40. Why a Right View of Creation Matters 3. A Correct view of Ourselves Demands a Right View of Origins “You and me baby me aint nothin but mammals So lets do it like they do on the Discovery Channel” - Blood Hound GangThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  41. 41. Why a Right View of Creation Matters In Mary Shelly’s (who was not a Christian) book Frankenstein, Dr. Frankenstein is a doctor who creates a perfectly benign and peaceful being. The more the creation observes human behavior, the more it begins to mimic human behavior and starts to become evil. The creation confronts the doctor and tells him that when he was brought into this world, he didn’t understand why people needed government and controls and police, but as he observed people and read history, he turned away in horror at what man was capable of. People could be kind, but also evil. Why both – where does that capacity come from? The creation concludes this: you were created in the image of a perfect being, and you’ve fallen away from it.The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  42. 42. "By faith we understand that the worlds were prepared by the word of God, so that what is seen was not made out of things which are visible."(Hebrews 11:3)The Creed – I Believe in Creation
  43. 43. Originating Cause Sustaining Cause “For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.” (Romans 11:36) Final CauseThe Creed – I Believe in Creation
  44. 44. I BELIEVE in God the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only The CreedSon, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he roseagain from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the I BELIEVE in CREATION right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holycatholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen

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