The Creed - I Believe In Christs Substitutionary Death Part 1

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This presentation is part 1 of a message that examines the substitutionary death of Christ and why is was necessary.

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The Creed - I Believe In Christs Substitutionary Death Part 1

  1. 1. I BELIEVE in Godthe Father Almighty, Maker The Creed of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose I BELIEVE in CHRIST‘S again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the SUBSTITUTIONARYholy right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the DEATH catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen Part 1
  2. 2. I BELIEVE in Godthe Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the holy catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen
  3. 3. ―Of all the dispositions and teachings of thinkers and ethicists, the one doctrine that I have no sufficient counter for is Jesus on that Cross.‖ - Gandhi The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  4. 4. Key Question… ―Why Did Jesus Have to Die?‖ …and what did it accomplish? The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  5. 5. First Step – Understand the Depravity of Man The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  6. 6. John Wayne Gacy was put to death by lethal injection in the early morning hours of May 10, 1994 for the rape and murder of 33 young men and boys, 29 of whom he buried in the crawl space beneath his own Chicago home between the years of 1972 and 1978. After his death, he was delivered into the hands of Dr. Helen Morrison to perform a very unique autopsy. Dr. Morrison had previously interviewed Gacy, along with many other serial killers, in an attempt to isolate personality traits that were common among such ruthless murderers. Now at the request of Gacy‘s family, Dr. Morrison was going to remove the brain of the notorious serial killer in hopes of discovering some sort of physical abnormality that would provide answers for why Gacy destroyed so many innocent lives. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  7. 7. quot;He is a serial killer when he is a fetus, even as soon as sperm meets egg to create the genes of a new person‖ -Dr. Helen Morrison • Determinism: human actions are caused by another, not by one‘s self. • Indeterminism: human actions are not caused by anything. • Self-Determinism: human actions are self-caused. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  8. 8. ―The heart is more deceitful than all else And is desperately sick; Who can understand it?‖ - Jeremiah 17:9 The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  9. 9. ―You cannot slander human nature; it is worse than words can paint it.‖ - Charles Spurgeon The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  10. 10. Man Created in God‘s Image quot;Then God said, ―Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.‖ God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.― (Genesis 1:26-27) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  11. 11. Man Created in Man‘s Image quot;When Adam had lived one hundred and thirty years, he became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth.‖ (Genesis 5:3) quot;Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.‖ (Psalm 51:5) Depravity is a condition passed from sinful parents to their children The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  12. 12. quot;Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great on the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.‖ (Genesis 6:5) ― The fool has said in his heart, ―There is no God.‖ They are corrupt, they have committed abominable deeds; There is no one who does good. The Lord has looked down from heaven upon the sons of men To see if there are any who understand, Who seek after God. They have all turned aside, together they have become corrupt; There is no one who does good, not even one.‖ (Psalm 14:1-3) quot;Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.‖ (Psalm 51:5) quot;Indeed, there is not a righteous man on earth who continually does good and who never sins.‖ (Ecclesiastes 7:20) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  13. 13. quot;―For out of the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, slanders.‖ (Matthew 15:19) quot;for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,‖ (Romans 3:23) quot;Therefore, just as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned‖ (Romans 5:12) quot;If we say that we have no sin, we are deceiving ourselves and the truth is not in us.‖ (1 John 1:8) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  14. 14. ―Whatever weakens your reasoning, impairs the tenderness of your conscience, obscures your sense of God, or takes away your relish for spiritual things, in short – if anything increases the authority and the power of the flesh over the Spirit, that to you becomes sin however good it is in itself.‖ - Suzanna Wesley on Sin The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  15. 15. What is ―Depravity‖…? Diaphtheirō: ―To cause someone to become perverse or depraved, as a type of moral destruction—‗to deprave, to pervert, to ruin, to cause the moral ruin of‖ quot;If anyone advocates a different doctrine and does not agree with sound words, those of our Lord Jesus Christ, and with the doctrine conforming to godliness, he is conceited and understands nothing; but he has a morbid interest in controversial questions and disputes about words, out of which arise envy, strife, abusive language, evil suspicions, and constant friction between men of depraved mind and deprived of the truth, who suppose that godliness is a means of gain.quot;(1 Timothy 6:3-5) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  16. 16. ―The Moment Lyle Reloaded‖ ―The moment in the course of the Menendez brothers' double murder when Lyle and Erik had emptied their shotguns into the bodies of their parents, but realized their mother was still alive, crawling around in the blood…. Mom was alive and whimpering and, as Maury puts it, poor-little-rich-boy Lyle quot;went out of the house and then came back in to blow away the mother‖ …quot;That was the crushing blow for the whole abuse defense,quot; he said. quot;That jolted audiences. There's been a backlash. Abuse defenses are now looked at cynically, and audiences are falling back on the old beliefs in good and evil.quot; They are, moreover, capable of making subtle philosophic distinctions between modes of evil‖ - Ron Rosenbaum, Staring into the Heart of Darkness The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  17. 17. quot;For all of us have become like one who is unclean, And all our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment; And all of us wither like a leaf, And our iniquities, like the wind, take us away.quot; (Isaiah 64:6) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  18. 18. Depravity‘s Effects Spiritual Death Physical Death Eternal Death ―And you were dead in ―Therefore, just as quot;Then death and Hades your trespasses and through one man sin were thrown into the lake sins,‖ entered into the world, and of fire. This is the second (Ephesians 2:1) death through sin, and so death, the lake of fire. death spread to all men, quot;And if anyone‘s name because all sinned‖ was not found written in (Romans 5:12) the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.‖ (Revelation 20:14-15) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  19. 19. Two Witnesses to Sin – Holy Spirit quot;And He, when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; and concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me; and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has been judged.quot; (John 16:8-11) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  20. 20. Two Witnesses to Sin – Conscience quot;For when Gentiles who do not have the Law do instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having the Law, are a law to themselves, in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them,quot; (Romans 2:14-15) quot; But the Spirit explicitly says that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to deceitful spirits and doctrines of demons, by means of the hypocrisy of liars seared in their own conscience as with a branding iron,quot; (1 Timothy 4:1-2) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  21. 21. Can Natural Mankind Recognize Their Depravity? The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  22. 22. A man came to a preacher and said ‗You talk about how heavy sin is, but preacher, I don‘t feel a thing.‘ The preacher thought for a minute and then asked, ‗If we put 400lbs of weight on a corpse, do you think he‘d feel it‘? The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  23. 23. ―It is a public scandal that gives offense, it is no sin to sin in secret.‖ - French Dramatist Moliner The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  24. 24. ―In every society, no matter what its cultural underpinnings, there is a code of ‗oughtness‘‖ - Ravi Zacharias The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  25. 25. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine Pelagius (c. 354 -420) taught that human beings are born innocent, just as Adam was created. They inherit no sin from Adam, but sin like Adam. Only our sins are imputed to us. His views were condemned by Council of Carthage (416-418) and opposed by Augustine. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  26. 26. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine From the Fourth Century, Augustinian thought stressed the doctrine of the depravity of man and the nature of evil as a privation of the good that God originally created. This influence continued all the way up to the period of the reformation (1400-1500‘s) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  27. 27. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine Martin Luther defended the doctrine of depravity during the Reformation period against one chief rival – Erasmus – and his Christian humanism teaching that began to elevate the nature of man beyond his depraved state. Luther and the reformers were successful against Erasmus. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  28. 28. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine Jacob Arminius (1560-1609), one of the reformers, taught that all people are born depraved and cannot on their own power obey God. Humans are born with a bent toward sin and cannot avoid physical death. One‘s own sin ratifies Adam‘s sin, but Adam‘s sin is not imputed to us. We are in Adam potentially or seminally. The image of God is effaced in man. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  29. 29. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine Moderate Calvinism teaches that we inherit a judicial guilt from Adam and we are legally connected to him; Adam‘s sin is imputed to us. All humans apart from salvation suffer spiritual death and will face physical and eternal death. But in order for God‘s grace to overcome depravity, there must be a cooperation between the free will of man and God. The image of God is effaced in man, but he can respond to God. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  30. 30. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine Strong Calvinism teaches that we inherit a judicial guilt from Adam and we are legally connected to him; Adam‘s sin is imputed to us. All humans apart from salvation suffer spiritual death and will face physical and eternal death. Man cannot cooperate with God; rather God delivers ‗irresistible grace‘ against man‘s will and saves him. The image of God is erased in man – he cannot respond to God on his own. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  31. 31. A Quick Critique of Strong Calvinism quot;―Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, the way a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, and you were unwilling.quot;(Matthew 23:37) quot;―You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did.quot;(Acts 7:51) ―Where there is no freedom of choice, there can be neither sin nor righteousness‖, A. W. Tozer, The Freedom of the Will in That Incredible Christian. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  32. 32. Pleiganism Arminianism Moderate Strong Calvinism Calvinism State at birth Innocent Totally depraved Totally depraved Totally depraved (conscience (conscience (conscience corrupted) corrupted) destroyed) Ability Can obey Cooperate with Cooperate with Cannot cooperate God God God with God Guilt None Potential Judicial/actual Judicial/actual ―In Adam‖ Not at all Potentially Legally/naturally Legally/naturally Inherited from Bad Propensity to sin; Propensity to sin; Necessity to sin; Adam example necessity to die necessity to die necessity to die What is One‘s own One‘s own sin One‘s own sin and One‘s own sin and imputed sin Adam‘s sin Adam‘s sin Spiritual Retained Effaced Effaced Erased image of God Effect of None Sufficient for all Irresistible on the Irresistible on the grace willing unwilling The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  33. 33. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine The Renaissance (―rebirth‖ or ―revival‖) of the 14th – 17th centuries elevated man to the center of reality instead of God. A century later, the Enlightenment arrived and it pushed mankind‘s reason and man himself to full center stage. Gone was the thought of depravity. Modernity stressed reason and ruled out revelation. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  34. 34. Brief History of the Depravity Doctrine Today, sin is out and the sinner has become a patient to be secularly treated. Abraham Maslow, the famous American psychologist, said, ―As far as I know we just don't have any intrinsic instincts for evil.‖ Echoing his statement is Carl Rogers who, along with Maslow is credited with being the founder of the humanist approach to psychology, said, ―I do not find that…evil is inherent in human nature‖ The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  35. 35. ―The usual moral distinctions between good and bad are simply drowned in a maudlin emotion in which we feel more sympathy for the murderer than for the murdered, for the adulterer than for the betrayed, and in which we have actually begun to believe that the real guilty party, the one who somehow caused it all, is the victim, and not the perpetrator of the crime.‖ – Robert Fitch The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  36. 36. ―For several decades, we psychologists looked upon the whole matter of sin and moral accountability as a great incubus, and acclaimed our liberation from it as epoch-making. But at length we have discovered that to be free from sin is also to have the excuse of being sick, rather than being sinful. [We are in] danger of becoming lost. This danger is, I believe, betokened by the widespread interest in existentialism, which we are presently witnessing. In becoming amoral, ethically neutral, and free, we have cut the very roots of our being, lost our deepest sense of selfhood and identity, and with neurotics themselves find ourselves asking, quot;Who am I? What is my deepest destiny?― - Hobart Mowrer onetime President of the American Psychological Society The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  37. 37. Gross takes his reader back to 1941 when the Nazis rolled into the town of Jedwabne where Poles and Jews had been peacefully living side by side for many years. Once the Germans arrived, the Poles asked the simple question ―Is it permitted to kill the Jews?‖ Summarizing parts of Gross‘s book in a 2001 Newsweek article, George Will states, ―A head was hacked off and kicked around. To escape the killers, women fled to a pond and drowned their babies, then themselves. But most were burned alive in a barn while the town was searched for the surviving sick and children. A witness: ‗As for the little children, they roped a few together by their legs and carried them on their backs, then put them on pitchforks and threw them onto smoldering coals.‘‖ Will ends his article by answering the question that was on everyone‘s mind: ―So, again: Why in Jedwabne did neighbors murder their neighbors? Because it was permitted. Because they could.‖ The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  38. 38. ―I freed Germany from the stupid and degrading fallacies of conscience and morality … we will train young people before whom the world will tremble. I want young people capable of violence – imperious, relentless, and cruel.‖ - Adolf Hitler ―Looking at the world at no distant date, what an endless number of lower races will have been eliminated by the higher civilized races throughout the world.‖ - Charles Darwin The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  39. 39. quot;as it is written, ―There is none righteous, not even one; There is none who understands, There is none who seeks for God; All have turned aside, together they have become useless; There is none who does good, There is not even one.‖ ―Their throat is an open grave, With their tongues they keep deceiving,‖ ―The poison of asps is under their lips‖; ―Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness‖; ―Their feet are swift to shed blood, Destruction and misery are in their paths, And the path of peace they have not known.‖ ―There is no fear of God before their eyes.‖quot; (Romans 3:10-18) We are not sinners because we sin, we sin because we are sinners The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  40. 40. Depravity does not mean that man is as bad as he can be … Rather it means that man is as bad off as he can be. quot;I have come as Light into the world, so that everyone who believes in Me will not remain in darkness.quot; (John 12:46) The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  41. 41. What is the Solution? The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  42. 42. The Cross Solves the Problem of Penalty The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  43. 43. The New Birth Solves the Problem of Spiritual/Eternal Death The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  44. 44. Problem Number One Solved quot;For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.quot; (Romans 5:10) Problems Two and Three Solved The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  45. 45. ―For certainly, Christ is much more powerful to save than Adam was to ruin‖ - John Calvin The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  46. 46. What were the results of Dr. Helen Morrison‘s examination of the brain of John Wayne Gacy? Simply that he had a normal male brain. No defects. No abnormalities. No excuses. The Creed – I Believe in Christ‘s Substitutionary Death
  47. 47. I BELIEVE in Godthe Father Almighty, Maker The Creed of heaven and earth: And in Jesus Christ his only Son, our Lord; who was conceived by the Holy Ghost, born of the virgin Mary, suffered under Pontius Pilate, was crucified, dead, and buried; he descended into hell; the third day he rose I BELIEVE in CHRIST‘S again from the dead; he ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the SUBSTITUTIONARYholy right hand of God the Father Almighty; from thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead. I believe in the Holy Ghost; the DEATH catholic church; the communion of saints; the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. Amen Part 1
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