Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - The Preservation of the Saints
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Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - The Preservation of the Saints

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This presentation presents a case for eternal security or the preservation of the saints where salvation is concerned.

This presentation presents a case for eternal security or the preservation of the saints where salvation is concerned.

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Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - The Preservation of the Saints Sovereignty, Free Will, and Salvation - The Preservation of the Saints Presentation Transcript

  • Sovereignty Free Will & Salvation
  • The Preservation of the Saints
  • Can you lose your salvation?
  • Westminster Confession of Faith "They whom God hath accepted in His beloved Soneffectually called and sanctified by His Spirit can neithertotally nor finally fall away from a state of grace, but shall certainly persevere therein to the end and be eternally saved."
  • Some Say Yes… ―If anyone says that a man once justified cannot lose grace and therefore that he who falls and sins never was truly justified, let him be accursed.‖ -Catholic Church Council of Trent: 6/23―Persons truly regenerate, by neglecting grace and grieving the Holy Spirit with sin, fall away totally, and at length finally, from grace into eternal reprobation‖ - Conference of the Remonstrants 11/7
  • Four Kinds of People1. People who are not saved who know they are not saved2. People who are saved who know they are saved3. People who are saved who don‘t know they are saved4. People who are not saved who believe they are saved www.confidentchristians.org
  • Making sure… ―Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to makecertain about His calling and choosing you; for as long asyou practice these things, you will never stumble; for in thisway the entrance into the eternal kingdom of our Lord andSavior Jesus Christ will be abundantly supplied to you. ‖ (2 Peter 1:10–11)
  • What evidence is there that says aChristian cannot lose their salvation?
  • New Covenant based on Abrahamic Covenant ―Now the Lord said to Abram, ―Go forth from your country, And from your relatives And from your father‘s house, To the land which I will show you; And I will make you a greatnation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing; And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.‖ (Genesis 12:1–3) Abraham called Abraham blessed Abraham exhibits faith The unconditional Abrahamic covenant is the pattern for our faith (cf. Rom. 4; Galatians)
  • Jesus on the Preservation of the Saints―This is the will of Him who sent Me, that of all that He has given Me I lose nothing, but raise it up on the last day. ―For this is the will of My Father, that everyone whobeholds the Son and believes in Him will have eternal life, and I Myself will raise him up on the last day.‖ ‖ (John 6:39–40) ―My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father‘s hand. ‖ (John 10:27–29)
  • Jesus on the Preservation of the Saints ―I am no longer in the world; and yet they themselves are in the world, and I come to You. Holy Father, keep them in Your name, the name which You have given Me, that they may be one even as We are. While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled. . . .Father, I desire that they also, whom You have given Me, be with Me where I am, sothat they may see My glory which You have given Me, for You loved Me before the foundation of the world. ‖ (John 17:11–12, 24)
  • Paul on the Preservation of the Saints―For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren; and these whom He predestined, He also called; and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified. ‖ (Romans 8:29–30) ―Who will separate us from the love of Christ? Will tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, ornakedness, or peril, or sword? For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities,nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord. ‖ (Romans 8:35, 38–39) ―In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is given as a pledge of our inheritance, with a view to the redemption of God‘s own possession, to the praise of His glory. ‖ (Ephesians 1:13–14)―For I am confident of this very thing, that He who began a good work in you will perfect it until the day of Christ Jesus. ‖ (Philippians 1:6)―For this reason I also suffer these things, but I am not ashamed; for I know whom I have believed and I am convinced that He is able to guard what I have entrusted to Him until that day. ‖ (2 Timothy 1:12)
  • The Doctrine of Adoption―But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, so that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.‖ (Galatians 4:4–5) ―He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will‖ (Ephesians 1:5) In Paul‘s day, a father could legally disinherit his own son(s) so they would receivenothing that was his. However, if that same father adopted a son, the law prevented him from ever disinheriting that son; it was illegal and couldn‘t be done. It is nocoincidence that Paul says we are ‗adopted‘ sons and not just sons; we cannot lose our inheritance with God.
  • Who ultimately safeguards the salvation of the believer – God or the person?
  • God Keeps the Believer Safe ―For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified. ‖ (Hebrews 10:14) ―Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection ofJesus Christ from the dead, to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are protected by the power ofGod through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. ‖ (1 Peter 1:3–5)―These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, so that you may know that you have eternal life. ‖ (1 John 5:13) ―Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, To those who are the called, beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ‖ (Jude 1) ―Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to make you stand in the presence of His glory blameless with great joy, to the only God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen. ‖ (Jude 24–25)
  • Word Study - Kept Greek Meaning tēreō tetērēmenois ① to retain in custody, keep watch over, guard someone; a prisoner ② to cause a state, condition, or activity to continue, keep, hold,―Jude, a bond-servant of Jesus Christ, and brother ofJames, To those who are the called, beloved in God the reserve, preserve kept Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. (2000). A Greek-Father, and for Jesus Christ: May mercy and English lexicon of the New Testament and other earlypeace and love be multiplied to you. . . . And the angels who Christian literature.did not stay within their own position of authority, but lefttheir proper dwelling, he haskept in eternal chains undergloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day‖ (Jude 1-2. 6) Interpretation & Application This is how Paul describes himself in Philemon 1 (―Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus…‖). With this term, Jude might very well be referencing the eternal security of the believer. Prisoners can and do escape, but their breakout is only possible if the one holding them is remiss in their handling – something not possible with an all-powerful and all-knowing God. Unlike the false teachers that were accosting the early Church, Jude writes to those who are under the lock and seal of Christ Notice that in vs. 6, the unrighteous angels are ―kept" also., but for judgment. Thus there are two ‗prisoners‘ of God. In the same way the ungodly angels cannot ‗lose‘ their punishment, the Christian cannot lose their salvation
  • But if it‘s by faith we‘re saved, what if aChristian begins to show unfaithfulness toward God?
  • God Remains Faithful even when we Don’t―If we are faithless, He remains faithful, for He cannot deny Himself.‖ (2 Timothy 2:13)
  • Some Good Theology in Song I know youve washed me white Turned my darkness into light I need your peace to get me through To get me through this night I cant live by what I feel But by the truth your word reveals Im not holding on to you But you‘re holding on to me You‘re holding on to me - ―East to West‖, Casting Crowns
  • God Remains Faithful even when we Don’t"for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable." (Romans 11:29)
  • Doesn‘t eternal security imply a person can sin all they want without fear of consequence?
  • No, Scripture is clear on the subject ―What shall we say then? Are we to continue in sin so thatgrace may increase? May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in it?‖ (Romans 6:1–2) www.confidentchristians.org
  • No, Scripture is clear on the subject―Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus. ‖ (Romans 6:11) ―For through the Law I died to the Law, so that I might live to God. ‖ (Galatians 2:19) ―But may it never be that I would boast, except in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, through which the world has been crucified to me, and I to the world. ‖ (Galatians 6:14)―As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance, ‖ (1 Peter 1:14)―He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed. ‖ (1 Peter 2:24)―No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. ‖ (1 John 3:9) www.confidentchristians.org
  • Westminster Confession of Faith "Nevertheless, believers may through the temptations of Satan and of the world,through the prevalency of corruption remaining in them, through the neglect of theirmeans of preservation fall into grievous sins and for a time continue therein, whereby they incur Gods displeasure and grieve His Holy Spirit come to be deprived of some measure of their graces and comfort, have their hearts hardened and their consciences wounded, hurt and scandalize others and bring temporal judgments upon themselves."
  • Stop! What about these verses?
  • Hebrews 6 ―For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of theheavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted thegood word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame. For ground that drinksthe rain which often falls on it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whosesake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and close to being cursed, and it ends up being burned. ‖ (Hebrews 6:4–8) www.confidentchristians.org
  • Hebrews 6 … Keep Reading… ―Though we speak in this way, yet in your case, beloved, we feel sure ofbetter things—things that belong to salvation. For God is not unjust so as to overlook your work and the love that you have shown for his name in serving the saints, as you still do. And we desire each one of you to show the sameearnestness to have the full assurance of hope until the end, so that you maynot be sluggish, but imitators of those who through faith and patience inherit the promises (Hebrews 6:9-12) www.confidentchristians.org
  • Hebrews 6 … Who Does it Sound Like? ―For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been madepartakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of Godand put Him to open shame. For ground that drinks the rain which often falls on it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and close to being cursed, and it ends up being burned. ‖ (Hebrews 6:4–8) ―He took up his discourse and said, ―The oracle of Balaam the son of Beor, And the oracle of the man whose eye is opened‖ (Numbers 24:3) ―forsaking the right way, they have gone astray, having followed the way of Balaam, the son of Beor, who loved the wages of unrighteousness‖ (2 Peter 2:15) ―‗But I have a few things against you, because you have there some who hold the teaching of Balaam, who kept teaching Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols and to commit acts of immorality. ‖ (Revelation 2:14) www.confidentchristians.org
  • Hebrews 6 … Who Does it Sound Like? ―For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been madepartakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of Godand put Him to open shame. For ground that drinks the rain which often falls on it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and close to being cursed, and it ends up being burned. ‖ (Hebrews 6:4–8) ―While I was with them, I was keeping them in Your name which You have given Me; and I guarded them and not one of them perished but the son of perdition, so that the Scripture would be fulfilled. ‖ (John 17:12) ―Jesus said to him, ―He who has bathed needs only to wash his feet, but is completely clean; and you are clean, but not all of you.‖ ‖ (John 13:10) ―Jesus answered them, ―Did I Myself not choose you, the twelve, and yet one of you is a devil?‖ ‖ (John 6:70) www.confidentchristians.org
  • A countless Multitude of Unbelievers ―For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been madepartakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of Godand put Him to open shame. For ground that drinks the rain which often falls on it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and close to being cursed, and it ends up being burned. ‖ (Hebrews 6:4–8) ―When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore. And they came up on the broad plain of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city, and fire came down from heaven and devoured them. And the devil who deceived them was thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are also; and they will be tormented day and night forever and ever. ‖ (Revelation 20:7–10) www.confidentchristians.org
  • “You will know them by their fruits…” ―For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been madepartakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of Godand put Him to open shame. For ground that drinks the rain which often falls on it and brings forth vegetation useful to those for whose sake it is also tilled, receives a blessing from God; but if it yields thorns and thistles, it is worthless and close to being cursed, and it ends up being burned. ‖ (Hebrews 6:4–8) The people above experienced many things from God, and yet yielded a fruit (no spiritual life) that was bad, which indicates they were never saved to begin with. ―You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes nor figs from thistles, are they? ―So every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. ―A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. ―Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. ―So then, you will know them by their fruits. ‖ (Matthew 7:16–20) www.confidentchristians.org
  • ―In these verses he is not questioning the perseverance of the saints; we might say that rather he is insistingthat those who persevere are the true saints. But in fact he is stating a practical truth that has verified itself repeatedly in the experience of the church. Those who have shared the covenant privileges of the people ofGod, and then deliberately renouncethem, are the most difficult persons of all to reclaim for the faith.‖ - F. F. Bruce www.confidentchristians.org
  • Hebrews 10 ―For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a terrifying expectation of judgment and thefury of a fire which will consume the adversaries. Anyone who has set aside the Lawof Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who said,―Vengeance is Mine, I will repay.‖ And again, ―The Lord will judge His people.‖ It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God. ‖ (Hebrews 10:26–31) www.confidentchristians.org
  • Hebrews 10 Explained―For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a terrifying expectation of judgment and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries. Anyone who has set asidethe Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who said, ―Vengeance is Mine, I will repay.‖ And again, ―The Lord will judge His people.‖ It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God. ‖ (Hebrews 10:26–31) Those who get the gospel message delivered to them but reject it have no where else to turn for salvation. Continuing in a willful, sinful life is evidence that a person never was born again. www.confidentchristians.org
  • Hebrews 10 Explained―For if we go on sinning willfully after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, but a terrifying expectation of judgment and the fury of a fire which will consume the adversaries. Anyone who has set asidethe Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses. How much severer punishment do you think he will deserve who has trampled under foot the Son of God, and has regarded as unclean the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has insulted the Spirit of grace? For we know Him who said, ―Vengeance is Mine, I will repay.‖ And again, ―The Lord will judge His people.‖ It is a terrifying thing to fall into the hands of the living God. ‖ (Hebrews 10:26–31) The word used for ‗sanctified‘ here is not what is used for a move toward purity or holiness, but it means ‗consecrate‘ or ‗dedicate‘. These apostates had identified with the church, had chosen to dedicate themselves to Christ, but defected and turned from Christ, proving they were never saved. www.confidentchristians.org
  • Revelation 3 ‗He who overcomes will thus be clothed in white garments; and I will not erase hisname from the book of life, and I will confess his name before My Father and before His angels. ‖ (Revelation 3:5)Opponents of eternal security argue that the verse above implies a believer‘s name can be erased from the Lamb‘s book of life. This is nowhere stated in the text oranywhere else in Scripture. First, it says that believers are already clothed in white garments, which indicates righteousness from God. Second, it simply says that believer‘s names are permanently inscribed in the book of life – they are there to stay. www.confidentchristians.org
  • 1 Corinthians 9―Therefore I run in such a way, as not without aim; I box in such a way, as not beating the air; but I discipline my body and make it my slave, so that, after I have preached to others, I myself will not be disqualified.‖ (1 Corinthians 9:26–27) The context of this passage is concerned with evangelism and the rewards thatcome from Christian service. Paul references a prize to be won rather than the gift of salvation that is received. Christians can indeed be disqualified from their service (e.g. preachers that commit gross sins and are exposed, etc.) and Paul was stating that he disciplines himself so this will not happen to him. www.confidentchristians.org
  • 2 Timothy 2:12―If we endure, we will also reign with Him; If we deny Him, He also will deny us‖ (2 Timothy 2:12) How does a person deny Christ? Peter denied Christ and yet did not lose his salvation. The word ‗deny‘ in the Greek means ‗refuse‘, which makes sense: anyonerefusing Christ will be refused by Christ. And how do unbelievers or false believers show their denial of Christ: ―They profess to know God, but by their deeds they deny Him, being detestable and disobedient and worthless for any good deed. ‖ (Titus 1:16) www.confidentchristians.org
  • ―But I know people/have a friend/relative who taughtSunday school, went to church for years, was really intoChristianity and now will have nothing to do with God. What about them…?
  • “They all are not of us…”―They went out from us, but they were not really of us; for if they had been of us, they would have remained with us; but they went out, so that it would be shown that they all are not of us.‖ (1 John 2:19) www.confidentchristians.org
  • “no firm root…” ―The one on whom seed wassown on the rocky places, this isthe man who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy; yet he has no firm root in himself, but is only temporary, and when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately he falls away. ‖ (Matthew 13:20–21) www.confidentchristians.org
  • “I never Knew You…” ―Not everyone who says to Me, ‗Lord, Lord,‘ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father who is in heaven willenter. ―Many will say to Me on that day, ‗Lord, Lord, did we notprophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Yourname perform many miracles?‘ ―And then I will declare to them, ‗I neverknew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness.‘ ‖ (Matthew 7:21–23) www.confidentchristians.org
  • Conclusions• A believer is preserved by God and can never lose their salvation• Eternal security is not a blank check to sin. Scripture warns against this thought. Further, the desires of the believer are changed so they desire righteousness and not sin.• There are those who appear to be Christians but are not. Abandoning the Christian life is evidence of a person never being born again. www.confidentchristians.org
  • Eternally secure ―Now that God has taken my salvation out of the control of my own will, and put it under the control of His, and promised to save me, not according to my working or running, but according to his own grace and mercy, I have the comfortable certainly that he is faithful and will not lie to me, and that He is also great and powerful, sothat no devils or opposition can break Him or pluck me from Him. . . . Thus it is that, if not all, yet some, indeed many , are saved . . . Furthermore, I have the comfortable certainty that I please God, not by reason of the merit of my works, but by reason of His merciful favor promised to me, so that, if I work too little or badly, He doesimpute it to me, but with fatherly compassion pardons me and makes me better. This is the glorying of all the saints in their God.‖ - Martin Luther www.confidentchristians.org
  • One Last ThoughtThe goal of the Christian life is not to see how far you can go to the edge before you lose your salvation. The goal is to stay as close to God as you possibly can so you can walk in truth, avoid theconsequences of sin, and enjoy all the benefits that come from living agodly life. This attitude makes the question of whether a person can lose their salvation not worth asking from a practical standpoint. www.confidentchristians.org
  • The Preservation of the Saints