Jude - Part 4

2,073 views
1,942 views

Published on

This presentation examines Jude 8-10, which is a brief profile of the apostates Jude is writing against

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,073
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
79
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Jude - Part 4

  1. 1. Jude Contending for the Faith Profiling the Apostates Jude – Contending for the Faith
  2. 2. Review of 5-7 A lesson from History Jude – Contending for the Faith
  3. 3. "Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire. Yet in the same way these men…‖ - Jude 5-8 Despite the previous warnings (lit. translated ―but yet nevertheless…‖), the apostates continue in their sin and exhibit the same traits as the historical apostate Jews, angels, and Gentiles Jude – Contending for the Faith
  4. 4. Exposition of 8-10 A Picture of an Apostate Jude – Contending for the Faith
  5. 5. "Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties. But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, ―The Lord rebuke you!‖ But these men revile the things which they do not understand; and the things which they know by instinct, like unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed." (Jude 8-10) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  6. 6. Word Study - Dreaming Greek Meaning enupniazomai ① Have visions in dreams ② Dream (divinely suggested) Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. ―"Yet in the same way these men, also by (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject New Testament and other early Christian literature. authority, and revile angelic majesties. ‖ - Jude 8 Interpretation & Application The word Jude uses for ―dreaming‘ is used elsewhere in the New Testament only in Acts 2:17 and once in the LXX in Isaiah 56:10. The word doesn‘t refer to normal dreams a person has while sleeping, but rather divine visions that the apostates say they received. To justify certain deviant behavior or beliefs, man seems to always cite divine approval, even though God makes it plain in His word that such endorsement does not come from Him. Using these phony visions and counterfeit authority, the apostates of Jude‘s day were leading people astray and causing them to sin. All such claims to divine revelation should be checked against the Word of God for validation. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  7. 7. “these men, also by dreaming…” Islam‘s Mohammad was supposedly meditating in a cave when the angel Gabriel appeared in a vision, pinned Mohammad up against the wall, and commanded him to ―recite‖. Further visits by Gabriel and other visions allegedly resulted in the Koran, which literally means ―the recitation‖. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  8. 8. “these men, also by dreaming…” ―I have  heard what the prophets have said who   prophesy  falsely in My name, saying, ‗I had a  dream, I had a dream!‘  ―How long? Is there anything in the hearts of the prophets who prophesy falsehood, even these prophets of the  deception of their own heart, who intend to  My  make  people forget My name by their dreams which they relate to one another, just as their fathers  forgot My name  because of Baal?‖ (Jeremiah 23:25-27) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  9. 9. “these men, also by dreaming…” Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormon church, claimed that he was the recipient of visions and visitations from angels and John the Baptist who provided Smith with a set of golden tablets from which the Book of Mormon was supposedly translated. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  10. 10. “these men, also by dreaming…” ―If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, and the sign or the wonder comes true, concerning which he spoke to you, saying, ‗ Let us go after other gods (whom you have not known) and let us serve them,‘ you shall not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams; for the Lord your God is  testing you to find out if  love the Lord your God  you  with all your heart and with all your soul. ― shall follow You  the Lord your God and fear Him; and you shall keep His commandments, listen to His voice, serve Him, and  tocling  Him.‖ (Deuteronomy 13: 1-4) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  11. 11. “these men, also by dreaming…” A False Prophet A False Authority Proclaim A False god A False christ A False gospel Jude – Contending for the Faith
  12. 12. "Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties.‖ -Jude 8 Immoral – Defiant - Irreverent Jude – Contending for the Faith
  13. 13. "Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire. The apostate Jews, angels, and Gentiles did all three: defiled the flesh, rejected authority, and reviled angelic majesties "Yet in the same way these men . . . defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  14. 14. “Defile the flesh…” The body/flesh (sarx), Jude says, is defiled – a Greek term (miaino) used in the present tense and indicative mood (indicating the activity is current and real) that literally means to dye with another color or to stain. It can also mean to pollute. Jude says characteristic number one of apostate teachers is they are involved, whether external or behind closed doors, in physical immorality. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  15. 15. “Defile the flesh…” "For this is the will of God, your sanctification; that is, that you abstain from sexual immorality; that each of you know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, not in lustful passion, like the Gentiles who do not know God; and that no man transgress and defraud his brother in the matter because the Lord is the avenger in all these things, just as we also told you before and solemnly warned you. For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in sanctification. So, he who rejects this is not rejecting man but the God who gives His Holy Spirit to you." (1 Thessalonians 4:3-8) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  16. 16. Profile of an Apostate Started in 1968 by David Berg (a.k.a. "Moses David‖; 1919–1994), the Children of God or Family International is one of the most deviant of all cultic groups. Extreme and unconventional sexual teaching and conduct — including religious prostitution and encouragement of sexual activity between adults and children (now supposedly discouraged), and ―flirty fishing‖, which is the use of women proselytizing through offers of sex — have made the group a target of numerous press exposés, government investigations, and public scorn. The group still boasts 25,000 members worldwide. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  17. 17. “Reject Authority…” The word ―reject‖ (athetousin) means to destroy something that has already been established and the word ―authority‖ (kyriotēs) is taken he more familiar Greek term kurios for ―lord‖. These false teachers are rejecting (currently performing the act as indicated by the present verb tense and indicative mood) the established lordship of Christ and the teaching of His apostles. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  18. 18. “Reject Authority…” ― Why do you call Me, ‗Lord, Lord,‘ and do not do what I say?" (Luke 6:46) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  19. 19. “Reject Authority…” "They have set their mouth against the heavens, And their tongue parades through the earth. They say, ―How does God know? And is there knowledge with the Most High?‖" (Psalm 73:9,11) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  20. 20. “Reject Authority…” It‘s been said that a person is never more like the devil than when they tell a lie. However, more true, is that a person is never more like Satan than when they rebel. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  21. 21. “Revile Angelic Majesties…” Finally, Jude says they revile angelic majesties. Why does Jude say that the false teachers revile (literally blaspheme - blasphēmeō) angels and not God? Throughout all of redemptive history, angels have had a special role in establishing God‘s moral order. For example, God gave them the ministry of helping communicate His law (Deuteronomy. 33:2; Acts 7:53; Galatians. 3:19; Hebrews. 2:1–2). Jude also states later in his letter that the angels will be involved in the final judgment of the wicked (Jude 14b–15). The apostates that Jude was condemning had no interest in obeying anyone‘s moral code of conduct, so in effect, as the false teachers blaspheme God‘s messengers, they blaspheme God Himself. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  22. 22. ―But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses, did not dare pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, ―The Lord rebuke you!‖ (Jude 9) Where does Jude get his information for this? Jude – Contending for the Faith
  23. 23. The Assumption of Moses ―The Assumption of Moses‖ is a Jewish apocryphal pseudepigraphical work of unknown date and authorship. The book is known from a single 6th century manuscript in Latin that was discovered by Antonio Ceriani in the Ambrosian Library in Milan in the mid 19th century and published in 1861. Based on the literal translation of idioms within the text, it is generally accepted that the extant Latin version is a translation from Greek, with the Greek itself probably a translation from Hebrew. The text is in twelve chapters and purports to be secret prophecies revealed by Moses to Joshua when God chose to end Moses‘ life. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  24. 24. The Assumption of Moses The fragments in the book deal with the funeral of Moses as such: (1) Michael is commissioned to bury Moses, (2) Satan opposes his burial on two grounds: (a) he claims to be the lord of matter (hence the body should be handed over to him). To this claim Michael rejoins, ‗The Lord rebuke thee, for it was God‘s spirit which created the world and all mankind.‘ (b) He brings the charge of murder against Moses (the answer is wanting). The story is based on Deuteronomy 34:6, ―He buried him in the valley … but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.‘ ‖ Jude – Contending for the Faith
  25. 25. “But Michael the Archangel…” The name Michael means ―Who is like God?‖ An archangel (from archē (ἀρχη), ―first in rank,‖) is a chief angel, evidently in authority over other angelic ranks. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  26. 26. “But Michael the Archangel…” "―But the prince of the kingdom of Persia was withstanding me for twenty-one days; then behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, for I had been left there with the kings of Persia. . . . However, I will tell you what is inscribed in the writing of truth. Yet there is no one who stands firmly with me against these forces except Michael your prince.― (Daniel 10:13,21) " ―Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued." (Daniel 12:1) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  27. 27. “But Michael the Archangel…” " And there was war in heaven, Michael and his angels waging war with the dragon. The dragon and his angels waged war, and they were not strong enough, and there was no longer a place found for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, the serpent of old who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him." (Revelation 12:7-9) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  28. 28. “The Lord Rebuke you…” Michael remembered the high estate from which he (Lucifer) fell, and left his sentence to God.‖ The word ―rebuke‖ is in the optative mode in Greek, the mode that expresses a wish or a desire. The translation could read, ―May the Lord rebuke thee.‖ The particular word for ―rebuke‖ here is epitimaō (ἐπιτιμαω), ―to rebuke another but without any effect upon the person rebuked, the latter not being convicted of any wrongdoing on his part nor brought to the place of conviction or confession, and for either one of two reasons; either the person is innocent, or he is incorrigible, that is, his heart is so hard that he refuses to be convicted of his sin or to confess it. Satan is incorrigible. Jude knew it, and therefore used that particular word. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  29. 29. "But these men revile the things which they do not understand; and the things which they know by instinct, like unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed." (Jude 10) Jude gives us another statement of contrast – the apostates are much different than Michael who was respectful even of Satan; what a contrast that the apostates are disrespectful toward God and the very image they possess that testifies against their behavior. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  30. 30. “Revile the things they do not understand…” Jude – Contending for the Faith
  31. 31. “Revile the things they do not understand…” Jude – Contending for the Faith
  32. 32. Word Study - Instinct Greek Meaning physikōs ① Naturally ② By aid of bodily senses Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. "But these men revile the things which (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the they do not understand; and the things New Testament and other early Christian which they know by instinct, like literature. unreasoning animals, by these things they are destroyed.‖ - Jude 10 Interpretation & Application The only place physikōs is used in the New Testament is in Jude. Jude is saying that the apostates, being devoid of the Spirit, do not know God and revile spiritual things they do not understand, but the only thing they do understand is their fallen, natural, base instincts and it is by and through practicing those things that they will ultimately be destroyed. For the Christian, the war between the flesh and the Spirit will continue until the saints are glorified (Gal. 5:17), but we are admonished not to follow the flesh, but the Spirit until then. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  33. 33. “like unreasoning animals…” ―So that, in effect, religion, which should most distinguish us from beasts, and ought most peculiarly to elevate us, as rational creatures above brutes, is that wherein men often appear most irrational, and more senseless than beasts themselves.‖ - John Locke Jude – Contending for the Faith
  34. 34. “By these things They are destroyed…” "Do you not know that when you present yourselves to someone as slaves for obedience, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin resulting in death, or of obedience resulting in righteousness?" (Romans 6:16) "Therefore what benefit were you then deriving from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the outcome of those things is death." (Romans 6:21) "For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord." (Romans 6:23) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  35. 35. Concluding Thoughts ―Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes nor figs from thistles, are they? ―So every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. ―A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can a bad tree produce good fruit. ―Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. ―So then, you will know them by their fruits." (Matthew 7:15-20) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  36. 36. Concluding Thoughts "―Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire." (Matthew 7:19) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  37. 37. Concluding Thoughts "―The good man out of the good treasure of his heart brings forth what is good; and the evil man out of the evil treasure brings forth what is evil" (Luke 6:45) "By this the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious: anyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor the one who does not love his brother." (1 John 3:10) "It has happened to them according to the true proverb, ―A dog returns to its own vomit,‖ and, ―A sow, after washing, returns to wallowing in the mire.‖" (2 Peter 2:22) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  38. 38. Concluding Thoughts " What use is it, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but he has no works? Can that faith save him? If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food, and one of you says to them, ―Go in peace, be warmed and be filled,‖ and yet you do not give them what is necessary for their body, what use is that? Even so faith, if it has no works, is dead, being by itself. But someone may well say, ―You have faith and I have works; show me your faith without the works, and I will show you my faith by my works.‖ You believe that God is one. You do well; the demons also believe, and shudder. But are you willing to recognize, you foolish fellow, that faith without works is useless?" (James 2:14-20) We are saved by faith alone, but the faith that saves is not alone. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  39. 39. Jude Contending for the Faith Profiling the Apostates Jude – Contending for the Faith

×