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Jude - Part 3

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This presentation is the third message on the book of Jude and examines the first historical examples of apostasy that Jude outlines

This presentation is the third message on the book of Jude and examines the first historical examples of apostasy that Jude outlines

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  • 1. Jude Contending for the Faith A Lesson from History Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 2. Review of 3-4 Meet the Apostates Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 3. "Beloved, while I was making every effort to write you about our common salvation, I felt the necessity to write to you appealing that you contend earnestly for the faith which was once for all handed down to the saints. For certain persons have crept in unnoticed, those who were long beforehand marked out for this condemnation, ungodly persons who turn the grace of our God into licentiousness and deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ." (Jude 3-4) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 4. Question: Who were the Apostates? Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 5. Judaizers? The first candidate for the apostates would be Judaizers. The Judaizers, which were opposed by Paul in Galatia, advocated the mixing of Old Testament law with the New Testament message of grace. However, when one closely examines the characteristics of the false teachers outlined by Jude (e.g. their appetite for fleshy indulgence), they do not seem to dovetail with the message preached by the Judiazers. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 6. Gnostics? Many believe that Gnosticism first emerged in the late Hellenistic or early Imperial period among speculative and syncretistic Jews. Gnosticism was essentially a Greek philosophical belief system that prided itself in having unique, hidden, and superior knowledge about all spiritual matters. In all genuine Gnostic literature, the physical universe is said to have been birthed from the act of an arrogant and powerful subordinate god named ―demiurge‖ who supposedly made a huge mistake by mixing the spiritual and physical realms together in the act of creation. Man was created with a spark of divinity, which, when fully awakened, is supposed to make him completely divine once he sheds his outer ―shell‖. Many Gnostics held that all spirit is good, all physical matter is evil, and therefore God could never take on the form of a human being. This particular aspect of the Gnostic teaching is known as Docetism. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 7. Nicolaitans? Another possible heresy that Jude could be addressing is that of Nicolaitanism, which early second century sources (Irenaeus) say started with the Nicolas identified as a proselyte from Antioch (Acts 6:5). Nicolaitanism sported many of the characteristics of Gnosticism in that it encouraged the practice of physical immorality, a fact called out by Jesus in Revelation 2:15 in His address to the church at Pergamum. Additional evidence of the Nicolaitan-Gnosticism link is that a woman, Jezebel, appeared to be the leader of the group in Thyatira (Revelation 2:20). Like Jude (v11), Christ also referenced the error of Balaam in Revelation 2:14 during his instruction to Pergamum, which seemed to indicate the teachings of Balaam and the apostasy being addressed in Jude were linked at the hip. Further evidence of this is seen in the fact that, since the 19th century, it has been common to view the name (Nicolaitan) as a translation into Greek of the Hebrew name Balaam. The doctrine of the Nicolaitans appears to have been a form of antinomianism: a belief that is based upon a recognition of the mercy of God as the ground of salvation. However, it goes astray in the mistake that man can freely partake in sin because the Law of God is no longer binding. It held the truth on the gratuitous reckoning of righteousness. Nicolaitanism may be the strongest candidate for the heresy Jude was addressing. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 8. Exposition of 5-7 A lesson from History Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 9. "Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire." (Jude 5-7) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 10. Questions to Consider How could God destroy people who knew about Him? What angels are Jude talking about? What was the sin of the angels? "Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire." (Jude 5-7) What do these historical examples have in common? When will ‗the judgment of the great day‘ take place? What was Sodom‘s sin? Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 11. “Now I want to remind you…” Verse(s) Historical Reference False Teacher Verse(s) Reference 5-7 Apostate Israel, fallen angels, and ―these people 8 ungodly residents of Sodom & also‖ Gomorrah 9 Michael‘s restraint with Satan ―But these 10 people‖ 11 Cain, Balaam, Korah ―These‖ 12 14-15 Enoch‘s prediction of judgment ―These‖ 16 17-18 Apostle‘s prophecies of false ―It is these‖ 19 teachers Jude uses repetition via historical references to underscore his warning Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 12. Apostate Israel, Angels, and Gentiles Warnings as to what awaits human and spiritual beings who reject God Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 13. ―after saving a people out of the land of Egypt…‖ "Now it came about at midnight that the Lord struck all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of cattle. Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians, and there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was no home where there was not someone dead. Then he called for Moses and Aaron at night and said, ―Rise up, get out from among my people, both you and the sons of Israel; and go, worship the Lord, as you have said. ―Take both your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and go, and bless me also.‖ The Egyptians urged the people, to send them out of the land in haste, for they said, ―We will all be dead.‖ . . . Now the sons of Israel had done according to the word of Moses, for they had requested from the Egyptians articles of silver and articles of gold, and clothing; and the Lord had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have their request. Thus they plundered the Egyptians. Now the sons of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, aside from children. A mixed multitude also went up with them, along with flocks and herds, a very large number of livestock. . . . Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years. And at the end of four hundred and thirty years, to the very day, all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt." (Exodus 12:29-41) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 14. ―destroyed those who did not believe…‖ "The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying, ―How long shall I bear with this evil congregation who are grumbling against Me? I have heard the complaints of the sons of Israel, which they are making against Me. ―Say to them, ‗As I live,‘ says the Lord, ‗just as you have spoken in My hearing, so I will surely do to you; your corpses will fall in this wilderness, even all your numbered men, according to your complete number from twenty years old and upward, who have grumbled against Me. ‗Surely you shall not come into the land in which I swore to settle you, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun. ‗Your children, however, whom you said would become a prey—I will bring them in, and they will know the land which you have rejected. ‗But as for you, your corpses will fall in this wilderness. ‗Your sons shall be shepherds for forty years in the wilderness, and they will suffer for your unfaithfulness, until your corpses lie in the wilderness. ‗According to the number of days which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day you shall bear your guilt a year, even forty years, and you will know My opposition. ‗I, the Lord, have spoken, surely this I will do to all this evil congregation who are gathered together against Me. In this wilderness they shall be destroyed, and there they will die.‘ ‖ As for the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land and who returned and made all the congregation grumble against him by bringing out a bad report concerning the land, even those men who brought out the very bad report of the land died by a plague before the Lord. But Joshua the son of Nun and Caleb the son of Jephunneh remained alive out of those men who went to spy out the land.― (Numbers 14:26-38) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 15. ―We learn from history that we learn nothing from history.‖ - George Bernard Shaw Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 16. ―destroyed those who did not believe…‖ " For I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud and all passed through the sea; and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea; and all ate the same spiritual food; and all drank the same spiritual drink, for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them; and the rock was Christ. Nevertheless, with most of them God was not well-pleased; for they were laid low in the wilderness. Now these things happened as examples for us, so that we would not crave evil things as they also craved. Do not be idolaters, as some of them were; as it is written, ―The people sat down to eat and drink, and stood up to play.‖ Nor let us act immorally, as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in one day. Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents. Nor grumble, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the destroyer. Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come." (1 Corinthians 10:1-11) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 17. ―destroyed those who did not believe…‖ Did not believe … how? Did not believe … in what? These people had seen God in action so their issues was not believing that there was a God, but they did not trust in God. "And without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is and that He is [faith that] a rewarder of those who seek Him [faith in]." (Hebrews 11:6) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 18. Profile of Apostasy "Then he [Moses] took the book of the covenant and read it in the hearing of the people; and they said, ―All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient!‖ Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw the God of Israel; and under His feet there appeared to be a pavement of sapphire, as clear as the sky itself. Yet He did not stretch out His hand against the nobles of the sons of Israel; and they saw God, and they ate and drank. Now the Lord said to Moses, ―Come up to Me on the mountain and remain there, and I will give you the stone tablets with the law and the commandment which I have written for their instruction.‖ So Moses arose with Joshua his servant, and Moses went up to the mountain of God. But to the elders he said, ―Wait here for us until we return to you. And behold, Aaron and Hur are with you; whoever has a legal matter, let him approach them.‖ Then Moses went up to the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain. The glory of the Lord rested on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it for six days; and on the seventh day He called to Moses from the midst of the cloud. And to the eyes of the sons of Israel the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a consuming fire on the mountain top. Moses entered the midst of the cloud as he went up to the mountain; and Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights." (Exodus 24:7-18) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 19. Profile of Apostasy " Now when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down from the mountain, the people assembled about Aaron and said to him, ―Come, make us a god who will go before us; as for this Moses, the man who brought us up from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.‖ Aaron said to them, ―Tear off the gold rings which are in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring them to me.‖ Then all the people tore off the gold rings which were in their ears and brought them to Aaron. He took this from their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool and made it into a molten calf; and they said, ―This is your god, O Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt.‖ Now when Aaron saw this, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made a proclamation and said, ―Tomorrow shall be a feast to the Lord.‖ So the next day they rose early and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. Then the Lord spoke to Moses, ―Go down at once, for your people, whom you brought up from the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves. ―They have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them. They have made for themselves a molten calf, and have worshiped it and have sacrificed to it and said, ‗This is your god, O Israel, who brought you up from the land of Egypt!‘ ‖" (Exodus 32:1-8) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 20. Profile of Apostasy "For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness, because that which is known about God is evident within them; for God made it evident to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. Professing to be wise, they became fools, and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and crawling creatures. Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them. For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen." (Romans 1:18-25) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 21. ―And angels who did not keep their own domain …‖ Two possibilities for who these angels are: 1. The host of angels who rebelled against God and followed Satan (Rev. 12:7-10). Unlikely as Jude says they are kept in eternal bonds in darkness and not free. 2. The ―sons of God‖ mentioned in Genesis 6:1-4 where angels, in some form or fashion, sinned in conjunction with women to produce a race of creatures that appeared to herald the flood of Noah. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 22. ―And angels who did not keep their own domain …‖ ―Enoch, thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the Watchers of the heaven who have left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth do, and have taken unto themselves wives: "Ye have wrought great destruction on the earth‖ - Book of Enoch, 12:4 Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 23. ―And angels who did not keep their own domain …‖ Even though the Book of Enoch is not recorded in the Old Testament, God inspired Jude to use it because it was considered historically valid, and it supported his overall theme. Jude‘s quote and thoughts from Enoch come from the pseudepigraphal book of 1 Enoch, which his audience apparently knew. Enoch‘s message was evidently passed down through oral tradition and finally recorded in a book called 1 Enoch. It, and other books such as The Book of Jubilee, The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs, and The Assumption of Moses (from which Jude probably quoted in verse 9), was not part of the Old Testament canon. But being accurate, Jude and the Holy Spirit together deemed it satisfactory to use in his work. Enoch was a hero to the Old Testament saints because, like Elijah later in the book of 2 Kings, he was taken by God into glory without dying (Genesis 5:24; may be a typology of the Rapture). Enoch‘s prophecy is the earliest human prophecy found anywhere in Scripture, with it predating the words of Moses, Samuel, and the Hebrew prophets by many centuries. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 24. Word Study - Abandoned Greek Meaning apoleipō ① To depart from a place with the suggestion of finality ―And angels who did not keep their own ② Desert Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. domain, but abandoned their proper (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under New Testament and other early Christian literature. darkness for the judgment of the great day‖ - Jude 6 Interpretation & Application The simple verb leipō means ―to leave.‖ The prefixed preposition apo makes the compound verb mean ―to leave behind.‖ These angels left heaven behind; they had abandoned – for all time – the rightful place in which God had placed them. They were done with it forever. The verb is aorist in tense which refers to a once-for-all act. This was apostasy with a vengeance with them literally burning their bridges behind them. Moreover, they had descended to a foreign place, the earth, and into a foreign relationship, the human race. This is what the apostate does – they forever turn their back on God and pursue lifestyles, false religions, and sinful behaviors that are not what God intended them to have. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 25. ―He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness…‖ • Kept: same word used to describe believers secured by God for glory; these are secured by God for punishment • Eternal bonds: these angels are bound with chains, while believers are free in Christ • Darkness: always symbolic for judgment. Darkness is simply defined as the absence of light. Believers have the light of God in their lives while the enemies of God live in darkness Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 26. ―for the judgment of the great day…‖ 1. Bema Seat 2. Sheep/Goat 3. White Throne This judgment This judgment This judgment concerns itself concerns itself concerns itself with the believers with living Jews unbelieving rewards. Occurs and Gentiles at humans and after the the end of the fallen angels. Rapture in tribulation. Occurs outside Heaven. Occurs on earth. of earth. 1 Cor. 3:11-15 Matt. 25: 31-46 Rev. 20: 11-15 Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 27. ―for the judgment of the great day…‖ Sheep/Goat / Judgment of OT Saints White Believer‘s works Judgment Throne Judgment Eternity (Unsaved, 2nd Coming Fallen Rapture Angels) Tribulation Millennium 7 years 1,000 years Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 28. ―For some, Hell is simply a truth realized too late.‖ - Os Guinness Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 29. ―just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.‖ - Jude 7 Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 30. Sodom: ‫ ,סְ ד ֹמָ ה‬whose root literally means ―to burn‖ Gomorrah: from ‫ ,עֲ מ ָֹרה‬that can mean ―people of fear‖ Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 31. ―just as odom and Gomorrah … S This verse begins with an adverb of comparison having the meanings of ―in the same manner as, after the fashion of, as, just as.‖ Here it introduces a comparison showing a likeness between the angels of verse 6 and the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah of this verse. But the likeness between them lies deeper than the fact that both were guilty of committing sin. It extends to the fact that both were guilty of the same identical sin. The angels went after something they should not have and so did the people of Sodom and Gomorrah. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 32. Word Study - Indulged Greek Meaning ekporneuo ① Indulge in illicit sexual relations ② Debauchery Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. "just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the around them, since they in the same way as New Testament and other early Christian these indulged in gross immorality and literature. went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire.‖ - Jude 7) Interpretation & Application The prefixed preposition ek (ἐκ) indicates in the usage of the word a lust that gluts itself, satisfies itself completely. The force of ek (ἐκ) which itself means ―out,‖ is ―out and out.‖ It signifies a giving of one‘s self utterly – ―completely sexually immoral‖ is how it reads in the Greek. The words ―strange flesh,‖ that is, flesh of a different and in this case an opposite (diametrically opposed) nature, speak of the angels‘ intercourse with women, the latter being forbidden flesh. The sin of the angels was against nature. In the case of the cities mentioned, it was the sin which Paul mentions in Romans 1:27, a departure from the natural use and against nature. This word and verse speak to the fact that God punishes those who practice sin which is contrary to God‘s design. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 33. ―went after strange flesh …‖ ―and they [the men of Sodom] called to Lot and said to him, ―Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us that we may have relations with them. . . . They [the angels] struck the men who were at the doorway of the house with blindness, both small and great, so that they wearied themselves trying to find the doorway.― (Genesis 19:11) Two Points on the above verses: 1. The Sin of Sodom was homosexuality (not un-hospitality or rape has critics assert). Jude confirms this fact. 2. Even after they had been supernaturally afflicted, the men of Sodom continued to pursue their sin. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 34. ―People go to Hell sweating.‖ - John MacArthur Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 35. ―exhibited as an example…‖ ―My God would never hurt anyone…‖ My God would not send anyone to Hell…‖ Fact: The real God punishes sin, punishes apostasy, and has given us examples such as Sodom and Gomorrah to prove His point. The verb ―exhibited‖ means ―to lie exposed,‖ and is used in classical writings of food on the table ready for the guests, and of a corpse laid out for burial. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 36. ―exhibited as an example…‖ "Unless the Lord of hosts Had left us a few survivors, We would be like Sodom, We would be like Gomorrah." (Isaiah 1:9) "―Like the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah with its neighbors,‖ says the Lord, ―no one will live there, nor will a son of man reside in it." (Jeremiah 49:18) "For the iniquity of the daughter of my people Is greater than the sin of Sodom, Which was overthrown as in a moment, And no hands were turned toward her." (Lamentations 4:6) "and if He condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction by reducing them to ashes, having made them an example to those who would live ungodly lives thereafter;" (2 Peter 2:6) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 37. ―undergoing the punishment of eternal fire…‖ ―So it will be at the end of the age; the angels will come forth and take out the wicked from among the righteous, and will throw them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.‖ (Matthew 13:49-50) "You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?" (Matthew 23:33) Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 38. Apostate Israel, Angels, and Gentiles What final applications can we make from these examples? Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 39. Concluding thoughts "Now I desire to remind you, though you know all things once for all, that the Lord, after saving a people out of the land of Egypt, subsequently destroyed those who did not believe. And angels who did not keep their own domain, but abandoned their proper abode, He has kept in eternal bonds under darkness for the judgment of the great day, just as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, since they in the same way as these indulged in gross immorality and went after strange flesh, are exhibited as an example in undergoing the punishment of eternal fire." (Jude 5-7) • It doesn‘t matter whether you are spiritually created beings (angels), a nation hand-chosen by God (Israel), or a society/culture that lives in a sinful way without regard for God‘s presence … those who reject God will in turn be rejected and judged by Him. • The certainty of God‘s judgment has been demonstrated via examples set forth in historic space/time; any rejection of them disregards the truth of reality and God‘s Word. • We need to respond to the reality of these examples with evangelism and a desire to share the truth with those who do not know God so they will understand their wrong living and turn to God for forgiveness; experience His love, and avoid His wrath. Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 40. Charlie Peace was a notorious English criminal who lived in the 1800‘s. When he was being taken to the gallows, a priest followed him and read to him about Heaven and Hell. When the priest began talking about Hell, Peace asked him ―Are you talking about Hell?‖ The priest responded Yes. Peace then said, ―Let me tell you something – I‘m about to be hanged right now. And if I believed 1/10th of what you said, I would crawl across England on my hands and knees on broken glass if I could just save one person from this Hell that you so glibly talk about.‖ Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 41. ― The wheels of God‘s judgment may grind slow but they grind exceedingly fine‖ -A. W. Tozer ―Do not be deceived, God is not mocked; for whatever a man sows, this he will also reap.‖ – Galatians 6:7 Jude – Contending for the Faith
  • 42. Jude Contending for the Faith A Lesson from History Jude – Contending for the Faith