Technical and environmentalproperties of EU cars and vansDr. Peter MockSenior Researcher, Regional Lead EuropeFebruary 15,...
About the ICCTWho we are and what we do …  Independent nonprofit organization  Provide first-rate, unbiased research and...
About the ICCTWho we are and what we do …                               3
About the ICCTWho we are and what we do …                   For more details, see:                   o  http://www.theicct...
The “Pocketbook”Just released …     Download:     o  http://www.theicct.org/european-vehicle-market-statistics     o  Emai...
The “Pocketbook”What is it? And why do we need it?               Since 2009 / 2011 EU CO2 performance standards          ...
The “Pocketbook”What are the data sources?               ICCT-internal database based on data from:                 –  R....
New vehicle registrations in Europe  Cars: by Member State                                                                ...
New vehicle registrations in Europe  Cars: by brand                                                                  16   ...
New vehicle registrations EuropeThe difference between cars and vans?  Light-commercial vehicles (N1 category):   “… desi...
New vehicle registrations EuropeThe difference between cars and vans?  Light-commercial vehicles (N1 category):   “… desi...
New vehicle registrations in Europe  Vans: by Member State                                                                ...
New vehicle registrations in Europe  Vans: by brand                                                                1.6    ...
CO2 emissions  Cars: by Member StateFigure 3-1: New passenger cars: CO2 emissions by Member State                         ...
CO2 emissions  By Member StateNot in the report – See: http://www.theicct.org/blogs/staff/cartogram-passenger-car-markets-...
CO2 emissions  Cars: by engine technology                                                                    180          ...
CO2 emissions  Cars: by brand (in 2010)                                                                                   ...
CO2 emissions  Vans: by brand (in 2010)                                                                                   ...
CO2 emissions  Cars: Vehicle mass over time                                                                 175           ...
CO2 emissions  Cars: Correlation CO2 emissions and mass                                                      1            ...
CO2 emissions  Cars: Correlation CO2 emissions and mass                                                                  F...
Key technical parameters  Cars: engine power by Member State                                                          100 ...
Key technical parameters  Engine power by engine technology                                                               ...
New vehicle technologies  Cars: market share hybrid-electric vehicles                                                     ...
New vehicle technologies  Cars: market share natural gas vehicles                                                         ...
New vehicle technologies  Cars: market share ethanol vehicles                                                             ...
New vehicle technologies  Cars: market share diesel vehicles                                                              ...
New vehicle technologies  Vans: market share diesel vehicles                                                              ...
New vehicle technologies  Cars: rear-wheel drive                                                                          ...
Key technical parameters  Cars: top speed by brand                                                           230          ...
Criteria pollutant emissions  Cars: market share Euro 3 / 4                                                      100%     ...
Criteria pollutant emissions  Cars: Particulate matter diesel emissions                                                   ...
More information?We have it …! Online: o  This presentation: http://www.theicct.org/webinar-eu-vehicle-market-15-feb o  Po...
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Technical and environmental characteristics of EU cars and vans

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Presentation from a one-hour webinar hosted by the LowCVP on the technical and environmental characteristics of the EU passenger car fleet. Based on data from the ICCT's 2011 pocketbook of European vehicle market statistics. Down that report at <http: />

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Technical and environmental characteristics of EU cars and vans

  1. 1. Technical and environmentalproperties of EU cars and vansDr. Peter MockSenior Researcher, Regional Lead EuropeFebruary 15, 2012LowCVP webinar
  2. 2. About the ICCTWho we are and what we do …  Independent nonprofit organization  Provide first-rate, unbiased research and technical scientific analysis to environmental regulators  Improve the environmental performance and energy efficiency of road, marine, and air transportation 2
  3. 3. About the ICCTWho we are and what we do … 3
  4. 4. About the ICCTWho we are and what we do … For more details, see: o  http://www.theicct.org/about-icct o  Including video clips and broschure 4
  5. 5. The “Pocketbook”Just released … Download: o  http://www.theicct.org/european-vehicle-market-statistics o  Email for print copy: peter@theicct.org 5
  6. 6. The “Pocketbook”What is it? And why do we need it?   Since 2009 / 2011 EU CO2 performance standards for passenger cars and vans   First set of “official” CO2 monitoring data available from European Environmental Agency: http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/co2- cars-emission   A good example for comprehensive collection of statistical data see US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): http://www.epa.gov/otaq/fetrends.htm   ICCT “Pocketbook” to provide more details than currently available, but not to be considered official data! 6
  7. 7. The “Pocketbook”What are the data sources?   ICCT-internal database based on data from: –  R. L. Polk (commercial database) –  UK Vehicle Certification Agency (VCA) –  German Kraftfahrtbundesamt (KBA) –  Automobil Revue magazine (Switzerland) –  Manufacturers and suppliers   Data compiled by ICCT staff, with assistance from Ökopol Institute (Germany). 7
  8. 8. New vehicle registrations in Europe Cars: by Member State 100% 16 Others 90% EU-12 New passenger cars – Market share EU-27 (in 2010) 14 Austria 80% Netherlands Others New passenger cars – Registrations [million] Belgium 12 EU-12 70% Spain Austria Netherlands Belgium Italy 10 60% Spain 8 Italy 50% United Kingdom 40% 6 United Kingdom 30% France 4 France 20% 2 Germany 10% Germany 0 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 2-1: New passenger cars: Registrations by Member State 8
  9. 9. New vehicle registrations in Europe Cars: by brand 16 100% Mercedes-Benz BMW 90% Audi 14 New passenger cars – Market share EU-27 (in 2010) Opel New passenger cars - Registrations [million] Mercedes-Benz 80% BMW Citroën 12 Audi Fiat Opel 70% Citroën Peugeot 10 Fiat 60% Ford Peugeot 8 50% Ford Renault Renault 6 40% VW VW 30% 4 20% Others 2 Others 10% 0 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 2-3: New passenger cars: Registrations by brand 9
  10. 10. New vehicle registrations EuropeThe difference between cars and vans?  Light-commercial vehicles (N1 category): “… designed and constructed for the carriage of goods …” Car! Van! 10
  11. 11. New vehicle registrations EuropeThe difference between cars and vans?  Light-commercial vehicles (N1 category): “… designed and constructed for the carriage of goods …” Car! Van! Van? Car? 11
  12. 12. New vehicle registrations in Europe Vans: by Member State 1.6 100% Others New light-commercial vehicles – Market share EU-27 (in 2010) New light-commercial vehicles - Registrations [million] Others 90% EU-12 1.4 EU-12 Sweden Sweden 80% Portugal Portugal Netherlands 1.2 Netherlands Belgium 70% Spain Spain 1.0 Italy 60% Italy 0.8 50% Germany Germany 40% 0.6 United Kingdom United Kingdom 30% 0.4 20% France 0.2 France 10% 0.0 0% 2009 2010Figure 2-5: New light-commercial vehicles: Registrations by Member State 12
  13. 13. New vehicle registrations in Europe Vans: by brand 1.6 100% New light-commercial vehicles – Market share EU-27 (in 2010) Others New light-commercial vehicles - Registrations [million] 90% 1.4 Others Nissan Iveco Nissan Opel 80% Iveco 1.2 Opel Mercedes-Benz Mercedes-Benz 70% VW 1.0 VW 60% Ford 0.8 Ford 50% Peugeot 0.6 Peugeot 40% Fiat Fiat 30% 0.4 Citroën Citroën 20% 0.2 10% Renault Renault 0.0 0% 2009 2010Figure 2-6: New light-commercial vehicles: Registrations by brand 13
  14. 14. CO2 emissions Cars: by Member StateFigure 3-1: New passenger cars: CO2 emissions by Member State 14
  15. 15. CO2 emissions By Member StateNot in the report – See: http://www.theicct.org/blogs/staff/cartogram-passenger-car-markets-and-carbon-emissions-eu 15
  16. 16. CO2 emissions Cars: by engine technology 180 New passenger cars - Avearge CO2 emissions [g/km] 170 160 150 Passenger cars – Gasoline Passenger cars – All 140 Passenger cars – Diesel 130 120 1 10 Passenger cars – Gasoline hybrid-electric 100 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 3-5: New passenger cars: CO2 emissions by engine technology 16
  17. 17. CO2 emissions Cars: by brand (in 2010) O th er 200 s New passenger cars – Avearge CO2 emissions [g/km] 190 M er 180 ce des -B en z 170 M its Vo ub lv is o hi 160 A ud B i M sa M N az n W is da D H ac a 150 on ia Va d u xh al 2010 average l 140 C V Šk he O K W ia pe od Fo vr Su un om H fa R A ol l a rd y l zu da e et R ki i o en Se 130 2015 target C Pe ia au at itr La ug lt oë n To eo c M Fi i n yo in at t at 120 110 Smart 100 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Cumulative market share (EU-27)Figure 3-12: New passenger cars: CO2 emissions and market share by brand (2010) 17
  18. 18. CO2 emissions Vans: by brand (in 2010) 260 Iv M ec New light-commercial vehicles – Avearge CO2 emissions [g/km] er o ce d es -B en z 240 To yo ta 220 V W 200 O Fo th rd er s N is sa n 180 2010 average 2017 target O pe 160 l Fi at Pe C itr uge oë o R n t 2020 target en au l t 140 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Cumulative market share (EU-27)Figure 3-13: New light-commercial vehicles: CO2 emissions and market share by brand (2010) 18
  19. 19. CO2 emissions Cars: Vehicle mass over time 175 New passenger cars – Average CO2 emissions [g/km] 2001 170 2002 2003 165 2004 2005 2006 160 2007 155 2008 150 2009 145 2010 140 1200 1225 1250 1275 1300 1325 1350 Mass in running order [kg]Figure 3-24: New passenger cars: CO2 emissions vs. vehicle mass 19
  20. 20. CO2 emissions Cars: Correlation CO2 emissions and mass 1 2 3Figure 3-17: New passenger cars: Sales-weighted correlation of CO2 emissions and vehicle mass 20
  21. 21. CO2 emissions Cars: Correlation CO2 emissions and mass For more details, see: o  http://www.theicct.org/evaluation- parameter-based-vehicle-emissions- 1 targets-eu 2 3Figure 3-17: New passenger cars: Sales-weighted correlation of CO2 emissions and vehicle mass 21
  22. 22. Key technical parameters Cars: engine power by Member State 100 Germany 95 New passenger cars – Engine power [kW] 90 United Kingdom Others 85 EU-27 Spain Austria 80 EU-12 Belgium Netherlands 75 France Italy 70 65 60 55 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 5-1: New passenger cars: Engine power by Member State 22
  23. 23. Key technical parameters Engine power by engine technology 100 Passenger cars – 95 Gasoline hybrid-electric Passenger cars – Diesel 90 New passenger cars – Engine power [kW] 85 Passenger cars – All 80 Passenger cars – Gasoline 75 70 65 Light-commercial vehicles – Diesel 60 55 50 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 5-4: New vehicles: Engine power by type of vehicle and engine technology 23
  24. 24. New vehicle technologies Cars: market share hybrid-electric vehicles 5% New passenger cars – Market share gasoline hybrid-electric vehicles 4% Netherlands 3% 2% United Kingdom Other Spain 1% Belgium EU-27 France Austria Germany Italy EU-12 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 4-2: New passenger cars: Market share gasoline hybrid-electric vehicles by Member State 24
  25. 25. New vehicle technologies Cars: market share natural gas vehicles 25% New passenger cars – Market share natural gas vehicles 20% Italy 15% 10% EU-27 France 5% Others Netherlands Germany Austria EU-12 Belgium United Kingdom 0% Spain 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 4-3: New passenger cars: Market share natural gas vehicles (mono- and bivalent incl. LPG) by Member State 25
  26. 26. New vehicle technologies Cars: market share ethanol vehicles 25% New passenger cars – Market share ethanol vehicles 20% 15% Sweden 10% Austria Others EU-27 5% France Germany Italy Netherlands Spain Belgium EU-12 0% United Kingdom 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 4-4: New passenger cars: Market share ethanol vehicles (including flex-fuel) by Member State 26
  27. 27. New vehicle technologies Cars: market share diesel vehicles 100% 90% New passenger cars - Market share diesel vehicles 80% Belgium Spain 70% France Others 60% EU-27 Austria 50% France Netherlands Italy 40% Germany EU-12 30% 20% United Kingdom 10% 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 4-1: New passenger cars: Market share diesel vehicles by Member State 27
  28. 28. New vehicle technologies Vans: market share diesel vehicles 100% New light-commercial vehicles – Market share diesel vehicles 90% 2009 2010 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% N1 class I N1 class II N1 class IIIFigure 4-17: New light-commercial vehicles: Market share diesel vehicles by vehicle segment 28
  29. 29. New vehicle technologies Cars: rear-wheel drive 100% New passenger cars – Market share vehicles with rear wheel drive 90% 80% BMW 70% 60% Mercedes-Benz 50% 40% 30% 20% Audi Citroën Fiat Ford 10% All brands Opel Others Peugeot Renault VW 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 4-23: New passenger cars: Market share vehicles with rear-wheel drive by brand 29
  30. 30. Key technical parameters Cars: top speed by brand 230 220 BMW Audi New passenger cars – Top speed [km/h] 210 Mercedes-Benz 200 190 VW All brands Opel 180 Renault Ford Peugeot Citroën 170 Fiat 160 150 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 5-14: New passenger cars: Top speed by brand 30
  31. 31. Criteria pollutant emissions Cars: market share Euro 3 / 4 100% Euro 3 100% Euro 4 90% 90% New passenger cars – Market share Euro 4 vehicles New passenger cars – Market share Euro 3 vehicles 80% 80% 70% 70% 60% 60% 50% 50% 40% 40% 30% 30% 20% 20% 10% 10% 0% 0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Key: EU-27 EU-12 Italy Spain Austria France Netherlands United Kingdom Belgium Germany OthersFigure 6-1 – 6-3: New passenger cars: Market share Euro 3 / 4 vehicles by Member State 31
  32. 32. Criteria pollutant emissions Cars: Particulate matter diesel emissions Euro 3 limit 0.05 New passenger cars – PM emission levels diesel vehicles [g/km] 0.04 Euro 3 vehicles 0.03 Euro 4 limit 0.02 Euro 4 vehicles 0.01 Euro 5 limit Euro 5 vehicles 0.00 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Figure 6-12: New passenger cars: PM emission level diesel vehicles by Member State 32
  33. 33. More information?We have it …! Online: o  This presentation: http://www.theicct.org/webinar-eu-vehicle-market-15-feb o  Pocketbook European Vehicle Market Statistics: http://www.theicct.org/european-vehicle-market-statistics o  ICCT EU website: http://www.theicct.org/europe o  Working paper series on world harmonized test procedure: http://www.theicct.org/series/worldwide-harmonized-light-vehicles-test-procedure-wltp o  ICCT staff blog: http://www.theicct.org/blogs/Staff o  ICCT newsletter: http://theicct.us1.list-manage.com/subscribe? u=d37167dbef1c508895ccc2723&id=ef73e76009&MERGE0=Enter%20email %20address o  Peter Mock (ICCT Regional Lead Europe): peter@theicct.org 33
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