Grammar(1) – Passive Voice In English, verbs are either in the active voice, or the passive voice. The active voice is most common, but the passive is still used very often. N.B. In English the passive is used much more than in French. When we use the active voice, we express what the subject does. When we use the passive voice, we express what happens to the subject.
Grammar(1) – Passive Voice Form: Form of to be (am/are/is; was/were) + past participle (done, cleaned, eaten etc.) Who or what causes the action (the agent) is often unknown or unimportant with the passive. Examples: The classroom is cleaned everyday. I‘m always invited to parties.
Grammar(1) – Passive Voice To say who or what causes the action, use the preposition by . Examples The classroom is cleaned by the students. The teachers are paid by the state. 50 people are employed by the company. Passive voice can be used in the present, past and future. Here we will focus on the present (i.e. am/is/are + past participle).
Grammar(1) – Passive Voice
Rewrite (or say) the following sentences in passive voice:
Jacqueline writes the essay.
The people speak Russian.
I take the photos on family holidays.
He does the housework.
My mother waters the flowers.
Daniel washes the car every week.
My sister always invites me to parties.
Two big companies finance the running of the university.
Read the questions then watch the video twice
and listen carefully. Then answer the questions.
What do the students in the video have to wear?
What 3 things should you bring to school everyday?
When can you put your hand up?
Write down the names of the objects that you use at school. (e.g. textbook)
What do use a ruler for?
When can you go home?
http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =bsTqM0ItxHQ
What do you think of boarding schools?
What do you think of school uniforms? What are the advantages/disadvantages?