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A PowerPoint presentation from the Town Hall Meeting held on 4/17/08 in Marietta, GA.

A PowerPoint presentation from the Town Hall Meeting held on 4/17/08 in Marietta, GA.

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Dr. Diane Harris Dr. Diane Harris Presentation Transcript

  • Diane M. Harris, Ph.D. UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University Eating the Rainbow: Strategies to Increase Vegetable and Fruit Consumption in Schoolchildren
  • Topics
    • Background
      • Fruits, vegetables, whole grains – and health
      • Disease prevention starts in childhood
    • Ways to get kids to eat fruits & veggies
      • At home
      • At school
        • Farm-to-School programs
    • Macronutrients
      • carbohydrates
        • simple and complex
      • fats
      • proteins
    • Micronutrients
      • vitamins
      • minerals
    • Water
    • Phytochemicals
    Food Composition
  • D. Heber allicin quercetin kaempferol sulforaphane isothiocyanate indoles lycopene anthocyanins β - carotene lutein vitamin C
  • Diets Rich in Fruits and Vegetables Reduce Risk for:
    • Many types of cancer
    • Stroke and heart disease
    • High blood pressure
    • Type II Diabetes
    • Osteoporosis
    • Arthritis
    • Excess weight gain
  • Copyright ©2002 American Association for Cancer Research O'Shaughnessy, J. A. et al. Clin Cancer Res 2002;8:314-346
  • Healthy Eating is Important Throughout the Lifespan
  • “ Creating the Healthiest Food Environment the Country Has Ever Seen”
    • Partners:
    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
    • United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    • American Cancer Society (ACS)
    • American Diabetes Association (ADA)
    • American Heart Association (AHA)
    • California Department of Health Services (CDHS)
    • National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity (NANA)
    • Produce for Better Health Foundation (PBH)
    1991 2007
  • Trends in Consumption of Five or More Recommended Vegetable and Fruit Servings for Cancer Prevention, Adults 18 and Older, US, 1994-2005 Note: Data from participating states and the District of Columbia were aggregated to represent the United States. Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System CD-ROM (1984-1995, 1996, 1998) and Public Use Data Tape (2000, 2003, 2005), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006.
  • Percent of Youth and Adults in Georgia Who Consume 5 or More Servings of Fruits and Vegetables Per Day, 2005 Source: Georgia Dept. of Human Resources, Div. Public Health
  • Trends in Overweight* Prevalence (%), Adults 18 and Older, US, 1992-2004 1992 1995 1998 *Body mass index of 25.0 kg/m 2 or greater. Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CD-ROM (1984-1995, 1998) and Public Use Data Tape (2004), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997, 2000, 2005. 2004 Less than 50% 50 to 55% More than 55% State did not participate in survey
  • What Can I (We) Do?
  • Typical American Plate
  •  
  • Include Kids in the Process
    • Let them assist in menu planning
    • Take them to the grocery store, farmer’s market
    • Teach them to cook
    • Grow your own
      • Plant a “kitchen” garden (can be in containers)
  • Farm to School Programs
  • Types of Farm to School Programs
    • School gardens, greenhouses, compost/recycling
    • Salad bars in school cafeterias
    • Purchase of food from local sources
    • Field trips to local farms and farmer’s markets
    • Chef/farmer in class, cooking demos
    • Nutrition-based curriculum (e.g. Harvest-of-the-Month – CA Dept. Public Health)
  • Emory Rollins Day Picnic 4/10/08
  • “ A Delicious Revolution” http://www.edibleschoolyard.org/ “ The aim of education is to provide children with a sense of purpose and a sense of possibility, and with skills and habits of thinking that will help them live in the world. A key way to learn these skills and habits is to learn how to eat well and how to eat right.” - Alice Waters
  •  
  • http://www.georgiaorganics.org/about_us/Georgia%20Organic%20Farm%20to%20School%20Guide.pdf
  • Selected California Programs
    • Santa Monica Farmers Market Salad Bar
    • Davis Parcel Tax
    • Berkeley School Lunch Initiative
    • Located at Martin Luther King, Jr. Middle School in Berkeley, CA (public school)
      • Begun 1994
    • 1-acre garden + kitchen classroom
    • Using food systems as a unifying concept, students learn how to grow, harvest, and prepare nutritious seasonal produce
    http://www.edibleschoolyard.org
  • Dietary Guidelines in the Life Cycle Determinants of Chronic Disease Risk “ metabolic programming” VLW Go Infancy Infancy Childhood Childhood Puberty Puberty Adolescence Young Women & Men Birth Menopause Conception
  • Benefits of Farm-to-School Programs
    • For schools:
      • Buy and feature farm fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables, eggs, honey, meat, and beans on their menus
      • Incorporate nutrition-based curriculum
      • Provide students experiential learning opportunities through farm visits, school gardens, and recycling programs
      • Support local economy
    • For farmers:
      • Have access to new markets through schools
      • Connect to their community through participation in programs designed to educate kids about local food and sustainable agriculture
    • http://www.farmtoschool.org/
    • National program initiated in 2000
    • Lead organizations:
      • Center for Food & Justice (CFJ), a division of the Urban & Environmental Policy Institute at Occidental College
      • The Community Food Security Coalition (CFSC)
    • Effort in GA organized by Georgia Organics
      • www.georgiaorganics.org
    National Farm-to-School