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Dr. Diane Harris



A PowerPoint presentation from the Town Hall Meeting held on 4/17/08 in Marietta, GA.

A PowerPoint presentation from the Town Hall Meeting held on 4/17/08 in Marietta, GA.



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    Dr. Diane Harris Dr. Diane Harris Presentation Transcript

    • Diane M. Harris, Ph.D. UCLA Center for Excellence in Pancreatic Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University Eating the Rainbow: Strategies to Increase Vegetable and Fruit Consumption in Schoolchildren
    • Topics
      • Background
        • Fruits, vegetables, whole grains – and health
        • Disease prevention starts in childhood
      • Ways to get kids to eat fruits & veggies
        • At home
        • At school
          • Farm-to-School programs
      • Macronutrients
        • carbohydrates
          • simple and complex
        • fats
        • proteins
      • Micronutrients
        • vitamins
        • minerals
      • Water
      • Phytochemicals
      Food Composition
    • D. Heber allicin quercetin kaempferol sulforaphane isothiocyanate indoles lycopene anthocyanins β - carotene lutein vitamin C
    • Diets Rich in Fruits and Vegetables Reduce Risk for:
      • Many types of cancer
      • Stroke and heart disease
      • High blood pressure
      • Type II Diabetes
      • Osteoporosis
      • Arthritis
      • Excess weight gain
    • Copyright ©2002 American Association for Cancer Research O'Shaughnessy, J. A. et al. Clin Cancer Res 2002;8:314-346
    • Healthy Eating is Important Throughout the Lifespan
    • “ Creating the Healthiest Food Environment the Country Has Ever Seen”
      • Partners:
      • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
      • United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)
      • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
      • American Cancer Society (ACS)
      • American Diabetes Association (ADA)
      • American Heart Association (AHA)
      • California Department of Health Services (CDHS)
      • National Alliance for Nutrition and Activity (NANA)
      • Produce for Better Health Foundation (PBH)
      1991 2007
    • Trends in Consumption of Five or More Recommended Vegetable and Fruit Servings for Cancer Prevention, Adults 18 and Older, US, 1994-2005 Note: Data from participating states and the District of Columbia were aggregated to represent the United States. Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System CD-ROM (1984-1995, 1996, 1998) and Public Use Data Tape (2000, 2003, 2005), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006.
    • Percent of Youth and Adults in Georgia Who Consume 5 or More Servings of Fruits and Vegetables Per Day, 2005 Source: Georgia Dept. of Human Resources, Div. Public Health
    • Trends in Overweight* Prevalence (%), Adults 18 and Older, US, 1992-2004 1992 1995 1998 *Body mass index of 25.0 kg/m 2 or greater. Source: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, CD-ROM (1984-1995, 1998) and Public Use Data Tape (2004), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1997, 2000, 2005. 2004 Less than 50% 50 to 55% More than 55% State did not participate in survey
    • What Can I (We) Do?
    • Typical American Plate
    • Include Kids in the Process
      • Let them assist in menu planning
      • Take them to the grocery store, farmer’s market
      • Teach them to cook
      • Grow your own
        • Plant a “kitchen” garden (can be in containers)
    • Farm to School Programs
    • Types of Farm to School Programs
      • School gardens, greenhouses, compost/recycling
      • Salad bars in school cafeterias
      • Purchase of food from local sources
      • Field trips to local farms and farmer’s markets
      • Chef/farmer in class, cooking demos
      • Nutrition-based curriculum (e.g. Harvest-of-the-Month – CA Dept. Public Health)
    • Emory Rollins Day Picnic 4/10/08
    • “ A Delicious Revolution” http://www.edibleschoolyard.org/ “ The aim of education is to provide children with a sense of purpose and a sense of possibility, and with skills and habits of thinking that will help them live in the world. A key way to learn these skills and habits is to learn how to eat well and how to eat right.” - Alice Waters
    • http://www.georgiaorganics.org/about_us/Georgia%20Organic%20Farm%20to%20School%20Guide.pdf
    • Selected California Programs
      • Santa Monica Farmers Market Salad Bar
      • Davis Parcel Tax
      • Berkeley School Lunch Initiative
      • Located at Martin Luther King, Jr. Middle School in Berkeley, CA (public school)
        • Begun 1994
      • 1-acre garden + kitchen classroom
      • Using food systems as a unifying concept, students learn how to grow, harvest, and prepare nutritious seasonal produce
    • Dietary Guidelines in the Life Cycle Determinants of Chronic Disease Risk “ metabolic programming” VLW Go Infancy Infancy Childhood Childhood Puberty Puberty Adolescence Young Women & Men Birth Menopause Conception
    • Benefits of Farm-to-School Programs
      • For schools:
        • Buy and feature farm fresh foods such as fruits and vegetables, eggs, honey, meat, and beans on their menus
        • Incorporate nutrition-based curriculum
        • Provide students experiential learning opportunities through farm visits, school gardens, and recycling programs
        • Support local economy
      • For farmers:
        • Have access to new markets through schools
        • Connect to their community through participation in programs designed to educate kids about local food and sustainable agriculture
      • http://www.farmtoschool.org/
      • National program initiated in 2000
      • Lead organizations:
        • Center for Food & Justice (CFJ), a division of the Urban & Environmental Policy Institute at Occidental College
        • The Community Food Security Coalition (CFSC)
      • Effort in GA organized by Georgia Organics
        • www.georgiaorganics.org
      National Farm-to-School