PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br /> MarkusVoeltervoelter@acm.org<br />http:...
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />Software Architecture<br />DSLs & MDSD<br />ProductLines<br />
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />voelter@acm.org<br />skype: schoggla...
Software Engineering Radio<br />Experience based on almostthreeyearsofand a numberofsmallerpodcasts<br />
Thissetupis not intendedfor live recording/mixing (DJ-ing)Weuse a separate postproductionstep.Go to Adam Curry ifyouneed l...
IRecording<br />
Mobile Recording<br />Recorder<br />M-Audio Microtrack 24/96<br />-or - <br />M-Audio Microtrack II<br />
Mobile Recording<br />USB PowerSupply<br />APC Power Pack<br />
Mobile Recording<br />Microphones<br />AKG C 520<br />
Mobile Recording<br />Setup<br />Wiring<br />
Mobile Recording/Skype<br />Setup<br />Wiring<br />
Mobile Recording<br />Pricing<br />
Studio Recording<br />Mixer<br />Mackie<br />Onyx 1620<br />incl. <br />Firewire Adapter<br />
Studio Recording<br />Microphones<br />Heil PR 40<br />Shock Mounts<br />  Heil SM2<br />Plus Pop Filters!<br />
Studio Recording<br />Recorder<br />Notebook with<br /><ul><li> Audition or
Audacityor
Tracktion</li></ul>Makesureyourharddiskisdefragged!<br />
Studio Recording<br />Important!Echo Cancelling<br /><br />
Studio Recording<br />Wiring<br />
Studio Recording<br />Settings<br />
Studio Recording<br />Pricing<br />plus Micbooms EUR 100 each<br />
Studio Recording with Voice Strip<br />Voice Strip<br />dbx 286A – Preamp, De-Esser, Enhancer, Expander/Gate<br />Consider...
dbx286A Voice Strip<br />Compressor<br />Smooth thelevels, compresspeakamplitude<br />8<br />7<br />
dbx286A Voice Strip<br />De-Esser<br />Reducesthehisssssing<br />of „s“ and „sh“ sounds<br />Veryuseful!<br />4k<br />4<br />
dbx286A Voice Strip<br />Enhancer<br />Enhancesthelowfrequenciesandthehighs – betterthan an<br />equalizer, goodwith de-es...
dbx286A Voice Strip<br />Expander/Gate<br />Basicallyreducesquietbackgroundnoisetozero<br />-28<br />1.6:1<br />
Studio Recording with 286A<br />Wiring<br />
Studio Recording/Phone<br />Pricing<br />
Studio Recording/Phone<br />Telephone HybridTELOS ONE<br />
Studio Recording/Phone<br />Wiring<br />
Studio Recording/Phone<br />Settings<br />
Studio Recording/Phone<br />Pricing<br />
Studio Overview<br />
Makesureyoudon‘tsaturatethelevelswhenrecording.<br />
Striveforgood Signal/Noise.Thisiseasierthancleaningituplater.<br />
Usegoodcables!Cablescanbethesourceofsignificantwhitenoise!<br />
EQ<br />Add somelowandmid-low, removesomehighfrequencies(people will listen withbadheadphoneswithbad bass – andhigh hiss i...
THE END<br />PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br />THANKS!<br />
PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br /> MarkusVoeltervoelter@acm.org<br />http:...
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />Software Architecture<br />DSLs & MDSD<br />ProductLines<br />
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />voelter@acm.org<br />skype: schoggla...
Software Engineering Radio<br />Experience based on almostthreeyearsofand a numberofsmallerpodcasts<br />
Thissetupis not intendedfor live recording/mixing (DJ-ing)Weuse a separate postproductionstep.Go to Adam Curry ifyouneed l...
IISound Editing<br />
1 Normalizing<br />
1 Normalizing<br />
1 Normalizing<br />
Do not normalizemusic – destroysthedynamicrange.<br />
2 Denoising(optional)<br />
2 Denoising(optional)<br />
2 Denoising(optional)<br />
Do not denoisetoomuch.A littlewhitenoisesoundsnatural. Over-denoisingmakesthingssoundlike in a bucket.Bettersoftwaremakes ...
3 Compressing(Dynamic Processing)<br />
3 Compressing(Dynamic Processing)<br />
3 Compressing(Dynamic Processing)<br />
CompressorSettingsCompress 	50 :1 	above 		-20dBExpand 	   2:1	below  	-20dBFlat		   1:1	below		-30dB<br />3 Compressing (...
3b Multiband-Compressing<br />(Thisis an alternative tothecompressor in step 3)Don‘tbotheraboutsettings – usetheBroadcastp...
4 Normalize (again!)<br />
5 Filter (optional)<br />
6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />Only do thisifnormalnoisecancellingis not enough.<br />E.g. in caseofmicshufflen...
6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />
6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />
6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />Attention!<br />Don‘tmakethingstooquiet!<br />(cf. Noisecancelling). Nullingsome...
EQ<br />Add somelowandmid-low, removesomehighfrequencies(people will listen withbadheadphoneswithbad bass – andhigh hiss i...
Data Exchange<br />Use a losslessformat!<br />WAV, FLAC, AIFF<br />
IIIContent Editing<br />
Don‘tcut all thebreaks!Cutting out breathingbreaksmakesthingssoundartificial.Don‘tmakeittoodense.<br />
Be sure that the intonation of the resulting sentence still works!For example, if you want to cut out relative clause that...
Cut on a zerocrossingor on „s“-sounds These always sound exactly the same for a given person. Vowels sound differently dep...
THE END<br />PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br />THANKS!<br />
PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br /> MarkusVoeltervoelter@acm.org<br />http:...
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />Software Architecture<br />DSLs & MDSD<br />ProductLines<br />
About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />voelter@acm.org<br />skype: schoggla...
Software Engineering Radio<br />Experience based on almostthreeyearsofand a numberofsmallerpodcasts<br />
Thissetupis not intendedfor live recording/mixing (DJ-ing)Weuse a separate postproductionstep.Go to Adam Curry ifyouneed l...
IVMasteringandEncoding<br />
Makesureeverythinghasthesame level.MaybeuseLevelator!<br />
Mix Intermediate music a littlebitquieter(itisperceivedtobelouder)<br />
Mix Stereoitdoesnotresult in biggerfiles!<br />
Ifyouhavetwopeopletalking, mix theirvoice+20/-20 left/right.<br />
Create themixdownand save itasWAVuse a variant that LAME understands, eg. Windows PCM, 4 byte PCM<br />
UseLAME‘scommandlinetoencodethe MP3<br />lame.exe             -q 0                       --lowpass 10   --resample 44   -b...
UseLAME‘scommandlinetoencodethe MP3<br />  --tt &lt;title&gt;<br />  --ty &lt;year&gt;<br />  --tn &lt;number&gt;<br />  -...
MP3 Bitrate<br />Sample Rate 44100<br />
Makesureyouset all theMP3 tags, includingthe cover image.<br />
VLicensing<br />
Youhavetodefine a license.Do not try to come up with your own license!<br />
Creative<br />Commons<br />
Customize a licenseforyourwork<br />
ExampleLicense<br />
VIMusic andStuff<br />
Unlessyouknowspecificallywhatyou‘redoing, stayawayfromcommercialmusic.(it‘s a swampof legal risks: licensingfees, GEMA, RI...
http://creativecommons.org/legalmusicforvideos<br />http://music.podshow.com<br />http://podsafeaudio.com/<br />
Jingles & Stuff<br />http://newmediacreative.com/<br />http://thegeoffsmith.com<br />
Voices<br />http://eurovoice.de<br />
Production Music<br />License-Free Music youcanuse in yourproductions<br />(youpay a fixeddownloadfee, that‘s it.)<br />
Production Music<br />Oftenyoucangetseveralvariants, cuts, loops, etc. for a song.<br />
Production Music<br />http://www.opuzz.com <br />http://www.neosounds.com/<br />http://musicbakery.com <br />http://www.sm...
Sound Effects<br />http://www.audionetworkplc.com<br />http://www.stonewashed.net/<br />http://www.freesound.org/  Thisone...
VIIDistribution<br />
Hosting<br />Blogging Engine w/EnclosuresUnlimitedBandwidthadditional 250 MB  storageeachmonth… acceptabledownloadspeed… a...
Podcast Directoriesmakesureyouregisterwith all themainstreamdirectories<br />
Podcast Directories: iTunes Store<br />
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Transcript of "Professional Podcasting Guide"

  1. 1. PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br /> MarkusVoeltervoelter@acm.org<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />
  4. 4. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />Software Architecture<br />DSLs & MDSD<br />ProductLines<br />
  5. 5. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />voelter@acm.org<br />skype: schogglad<br />
  6. 6. Software Engineering Radio<br />Experience based on almostthreeyearsofand a numberofsmallerpodcasts<br />
  7. 7. Thissetupis not intendedfor live recording/mixing (DJ-ing)Weuse a separate postproductionstep.Go to Adam Curry ifyouneed live recordingtips!<br />
  8. 8.
  9. 9. IRecording<br />
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Mobile Recording<br />Recorder<br />M-Audio Microtrack 24/96<br />-or - <br />M-Audio Microtrack II<br />
  12. 12. Mobile Recording<br />USB PowerSupply<br />APC Power Pack<br />
  13. 13. Mobile Recording<br />Microphones<br />AKG C 520<br />
  14. 14. Mobile Recording<br />Setup<br />Wiring<br />
  15. 15. Mobile Recording/Skype<br />Setup<br />Wiring<br />
  16. 16. Mobile Recording<br />Pricing<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Studio Recording<br />Mixer<br />Mackie<br />Onyx 1620<br />incl. <br />Firewire Adapter<br />
  19. 19. Studio Recording<br />Microphones<br />Heil PR 40<br />Shock Mounts<br /> Heil SM2<br />Plus Pop Filters!<br />
  20. 20. Studio Recording<br />Recorder<br />Notebook with<br /><ul><li> Audition or
  21. 21. Audacityor
  22. 22. Tracktion</li></ul>Makesureyourharddiskisdefragged!<br />
  23. 23. Studio Recording<br />Important!Echo Cancelling<br /><br />
  24. 24. Studio Recording<br />Wiring<br />
  25. 25. Studio Recording<br />Settings<br />
  26. 26. Studio Recording<br />Pricing<br />plus Micbooms EUR 100 each<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Studio Recording with Voice Strip<br />Voice Strip<br />dbx 286A – Preamp, De-Esser, Enhancer, Expander/Gate<br />Considerablyimprovesthequalityofyourvoice!<br />
  29. 29. dbx286A Voice Strip<br />Compressor<br />Smooth thelevels, compresspeakamplitude<br />8<br />7<br />
  30. 30. dbx286A Voice Strip<br />De-Esser<br />Reducesthehisssssing<br />of „s“ and „sh“ sounds<br />Veryuseful!<br />4k<br />4<br />
  31. 31. dbx286A Voice Strip<br />Enhancer<br />Enhancesthelowfrequenciesandthehighs – betterthan an<br />equalizer, goodwith de-esser<br />6.5<br />3<br />
  32. 32. dbx286A Voice Strip<br />Expander/Gate<br />Basicallyreducesquietbackgroundnoisetozero<br />-28<br />1.6:1<br />
  33. 33. Studio Recording with 286A<br />Wiring<br />
  34. 34. Studio Recording/Phone<br />Pricing<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Studio Recording/Phone<br />Telephone HybridTELOS ONE<br />
  37. 37. Studio Recording/Phone<br />Wiring<br />
  38. 38. Studio Recording/Phone<br />Settings<br />
  39. 39. Studio Recording/Phone<br />Pricing<br />
  40. 40. Studio Overview<br />
  41. 41.
  42. 42. Makesureyoudon‘tsaturatethelevelswhenrecording.<br />
  43. 43.
  44. 44. Striveforgood Signal/Noise.Thisiseasierthancleaningituplater.<br />
  45. 45. Usegoodcables!Cablescanbethesourceofsignificantwhitenoise!<br />
  46. 46. EQ<br />Add somelowandmid-low, removesomehighfrequencies(people will listen withbadheadphoneswithbad bass – andhigh hiss isannoying)<br />
  47. 47.
  48. 48. THE END<br />PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br />THANKS!<br />
  49. 49.
  50. 50. PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br /> MarkusVoeltervoelter@acm.org<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />
  51. 51.
  52. 52. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />
  53. 53. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />Software Architecture<br />DSLs & MDSD<br />ProductLines<br />
  54. 54. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />voelter@acm.org<br />skype: schogglad<br />
  55. 55. Software Engineering Radio<br />Experience based on almostthreeyearsofand a numberofsmallerpodcasts<br />
  56. 56. Thissetupis not intendedfor live recording/mixing (DJ-ing)Weuse a separate postproductionstep.Go to Adam Curry ifyouneed live recordingtips!<br />
  57. 57.
  58. 58. IISound Editing<br />
  59. 59.
  60. 60. 1 Normalizing<br />
  61. 61. 1 Normalizing<br />
  62. 62. 1 Normalizing<br />
  63. 63. Do not normalizemusic – destroysthedynamicrange.<br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65. 2 Denoising(optional)<br />
  66. 66. 2 Denoising(optional)<br />
  67. 67. 2 Denoising(optional)<br />
  68. 68. Do not denoisetoomuch.A littlewhitenoisesoundsnatural. Over-denoisingmakesthingssoundlike in a bucket.Bettersoftwaremakes a bigdifference (Audition &gt; Audacity)!Adaptive Denoisingisconvenient.<br />
  69. 69.
  70. 70. 3 Compressing(Dynamic Processing)<br />
  71. 71. 3 Compressing(Dynamic Processing)<br />
  72. 72. 3 Compressing(Dynamic Processing)<br />
  73. 73. CompressorSettingsCompress 50 :1 above -20dBExpand 2:1 below -20dBFlat 1:1 below -30dB<br />3 Compressing (Dynamic Processing)<br />
  74. 74. 3b Multiband-Compressing<br />(Thisis an alternative tothecompressor in step 3)Don‘tbotheraboutsettings – usetheBroadcastpreset<br />
  75. 75. 4 Normalize (again!)<br />
  76. 76.
  77. 77. 5 Filter (optional)<br />
  78. 78.
  79. 79. 6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />Only do thisifnormalnoisecancellingis not enough.<br />E.g. in caseofmicshufflenoises, coughing, backgroundtalking<br />
  80. 80. 6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />
  81. 81. 6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />
  82. 82. 6 Nullingthe „quiet“ track(optional)<br />Attention!<br />Don‘tmakethingstooquiet!<br />(cf. Noisecancelling). Nullingsomethingreallymakesitabsolutelyquiet!<br />
  83. 83.
  84. 84. EQ<br />Add somelowandmid-low, removesomehighfrequencies(people will listen withbadheadphoneswithbad bass – andhigh hiss isannoying)<br />
  85. 85. Data Exchange<br />Use a losslessformat!<br />WAV, FLAC, AIFF<br />
  86. 86.
  87. 87. IIIContent Editing<br />
  88. 88.
  89. 89. Don‘tcut all thebreaks!Cutting out breathingbreaksmakesthingssoundartificial.Don‘tmakeittoodense.<br />
  90. 90. Be sure that the intonation of the resulting sentence still works!For example, if you want to cut out relative clause that typically does not work, since in the original the sentence before the relative clause ends on a high pitch (because of the imaginary comma). If you remove the relative sentence, the remaining part would need to end on a low pitch (because you’ve replaced the comma with an imaginary full stop).<br />
  91. 91. Cut on a zerocrossingor on „s“-sounds These always sound exactly the same for a given person. Vowels sound differently depending on where they are used.<br />
  92. 92.
  93. 93. THE END<br />PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br />THANKS!<br />
  94. 94.
  95. 95. PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br /> MarkusVoeltervoelter@acm.org<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />
  96. 96.
  97. 97. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />
  98. 98. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />Software Architecture<br />DSLs & MDSD<br />ProductLines<br />
  99. 99. About<br />Markus Voelter<br />Independent Consultant<br />http://www.voelter.de<br />voelter@acm.org<br />skype: schogglad<br />
  100. 100. Software Engineering Radio<br />Experience based on almostthreeyearsofand a numberofsmallerpodcasts<br />
  101. 101. Thissetupis not intendedfor live recording/mixing (DJ-ing)Weuse a separate postproductionstep.Go to Adam Curry ifyouneed live recordingtips!<br />
  102. 102.
  103. 103. IVMasteringandEncoding<br />
  104. 104.
  105. 105. Makesureeverythinghasthesame level.MaybeuseLevelator!<br />
  106. 106. Mix Intermediate music a littlebitquieter(itisperceivedtobelouder)<br />
  107. 107. Mix Stereoitdoesnotresult in biggerfiles!<br />
  108. 108. Ifyouhavetwopeopletalking, mix theirvoice+20/-20 left/right.<br />
  109. 109. Create themixdownand save itasWAVuse a variant that LAME understands, eg. Windows PCM, 4 byte PCM<br />
  110. 110. UseLAME‘scommandlinetoencodethe MP3<br />lame.exe -q 0 --lowpass 10 --resample 44 -b 96 ./%1.wav ./%1.mp3<br />// highest quality<br />// filter high stuff<br />// sample to 44 KHz<br />// 96 Kbps<br />// in/out files<br />
  111. 111. UseLAME‘scommandlinetoencodethe MP3<br /> --tt &lt;title&gt;<br /> --ty &lt;year&gt;<br /> --tn &lt;number&gt;<br /> --ta &lt;author&gt;<br /> --tl &lt;album&gt;<br /> --tg Speech<br />// Episode title<br />// Publication year<br />// Episode no.<br />// Author<br />// Podcast<br />// Category<br />
  112. 112. MP3 Bitrate<br />Sample Rate 44100<br />
  113. 113. Makesureyouset all theMP3 tags, includingthe cover image.<br />
  114. 114.
  115. 115. VLicensing<br />
  116. 116.
  117. 117. Youhavetodefine a license.Do not try to come up with your own license!<br />
  118. 118. Creative<br />Commons<br />
  119. 119. Customize a licenseforyourwork<br />
  120. 120. ExampleLicense<br />
  121. 121.
  122. 122. VIMusic andStuff<br />
  123. 123.
  124. 124. Unlessyouknowspecificallywhatyou‘redoing, stayawayfromcommercialmusic.(it‘s a swampof legal risks: licensingfees, GEMA, RIAA)<br />
  125. 125. http://creativecommons.org/legalmusicforvideos<br />http://music.podshow.com<br />http://podsafeaudio.com/<br />
  126. 126. Jingles & Stuff<br />http://newmediacreative.com/<br />http://thegeoffsmith.com<br />
  127. 127. Voices<br />http://eurovoice.de<br />
  128. 128. Production Music<br />License-Free Music youcanuse in yourproductions<br />(youpay a fixeddownloadfee, that‘s it.)<br />
  129. 129. Production Music<br />Oftenyoucangetseveralvariants, cuts, loops, etc. for a song.<br />
  130. 130. Production Music<br />http://www.opuzz.com <br />http://www.neosounds.com/<br />http://musicbakery.com <br />http://www.smartsound.com/sonicfire<br />http://www.stockmusic.net/ <br />http://www.proudmusiclibrary.com/ <br />http://www.shockwave-sound.com/ <br />http://www.massivetracks.net <br />http://www.stockmusicvault.com <br />http://freeplaymusic.com <br />http://www.themusicase.com/ <br />http://www.soundloopstudio.com <br />http://www.waynejune.com/production_music.html<br />
  131. 131. Sound Effects<br />http://www.audionetworkplc.com<br />http://www.stonewashed.net/<br />http://www.freesound.org/ Thisoneisgreat! ManyEffects, for Free!<br />
  132. 132.
  133. 133. VIIDistribution<br />
  134. 134.
  135. 135. Hosting<br />Blogging Engine w/EnclosuresUnlimitedBandwidthadditional 250 MB storageeachmonth… acceptabledownloadspeed… acceptableavailability<br />$10 per month!<br />
  136. 136. Podcast Directoriesmakesureyouregisterwith all themainstreamdirectories<br />
  137. 137. Podcast Directories: iTunes Store<br />
  138. 138.
  139. 139. THE END<br />PROFESSIONAL PODCASTINGA guidebased on a coupleofyearsofpodcastingexperience<br />THANKS!<br />

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