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Gordon B. Schmidt (11/22/2013 SAEM) 3 motivational challenges to student academic success
 

Gordon B. Schmidt (11/22/2013 SAEM) 3 motivational challenges to student academic success

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Presentation given to IPFW Student Affairs and Enrollment Management for staff development on November 22nd, 2013.

Presentation given to IPFW Student Affairs and Enrollment Management for staff development on November 22nd, 2013.

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    Gordon B. Schmidt (11/22/2013 SAEM) 3 motivational challenges to student academic success Gordon B. Schmidt (11/22/2013 SAEM) 3 motivational challenges to student academic success Presentation Transcript

    • 3 Motivational Challenges to Student Academic Success Dr. Gordon B. Schmidt, PhD Organizational Leadership & Supervision 11/22/2013
    • Why is he texting in class? IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Multiple goals • People often have many different things going on in their lives • Work-family-school balance- needs from all 3 domains • And potentially a whole host of others • All need effort and attention • They all have time deadlines and goals that overlap in time IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • #1: People always have multiple goals And they are working on them at the same time IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Goal setting over time • My dissertation looked at how people set and change personal goals over time • Lab study- each condition given different assigned goals IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Goal setting over time • Donovan & Williams (2003) • Looked at changing goals of track athletes over course of a season • Found runners reduced goals over time toward actual performance, especially in 2nd half • Initial season goals often below previous best • Campion & Lord (1982) • Students in a college course setting course grade goals • Test scores below goal led to downward goal revision of course goal IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • 2. People use performance information to modify goals So the goal they had yesterday might not be the goal today • Goals motivate people to put in effort and direct attention • But personal goals can be and are often changed • Tie our goals to what seems reasonable and likely IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Procrastination Piers Steel Research IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University. How have you seen students procrastinate?
    • Procrastination • People make decisions about what to do (or delay doing) based on perceived current utility • They look to their time to deadline, preferences, and anxieties IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • 3. People do what seems to have most present marginal value And these preferences differ significantly from person to person • Can make it hard for people to work toward far off goals, especial if their value seems ambiguous or hard to fathom • Utility difference means each person’s reactions can be pretty unique IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • So we got some issues • We want them to focus on school • But they have goals across domains (#1) • We want to help them create goals that motivate them • But then its easy for them to modify those goals over time (#2) • We want to help them set goals that help them to graduate and be successful in school • But graduation is often long term and relatively far away (#3) IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • So what can we do? • 3 major means of help: • Implementation Intentions • Proximal and Distal Goals • Tasks that overlap goal domains • These help us to take the problems we know are there and have interventions that help those specific issues IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • 1. Implementation Intentions • Work by Gollwitzer (1999; & Brandstatter, 1997) • We often have good intentions but don’t follow through • when, where, and how of responses leading to goal attainment • Link anticipated critical situations to goaldirected responses • Ex. "Whenever situation x arises, I will initiate the goal-directed response y!". IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Implementation Intentions • So these help by having clear behaviors to implement in goal related situations • Goal Ex. Reduce litter in my neighbor • Implementation Intention Ex. When I see litter I will pick it up immediately • Implementation Intention Ex. When I see someone litter I will scold them IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Implementation Intentions • Goal: To get an A on the first exam in a class • What are some potential implementation intentions for this? IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • 2. Proximal & Distal Goals • We can have goals that vary on their time horizons • Distal goals: ultimate goal for the future • Ex. Get my college degree • Proximal goals: goals that are more near in time • Ex. Get an A on my next exam • We can use proximal goals as more short term goals that lead up to completion of that long term distal goal IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Proximal & Distal Goal Examples • (Distal) Goal: Get a B for a course • What are some proximal goals we could set? IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • 3. Tasks that overlap domains • If students have multiple goals then tasks that help fulfill multiple goals at once are especially appealing • Highlighting or framing aspects of education that help other goals • Education and family goals • Ex. Communication class helps you to understand and talk to loved ones better IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Tasks that overlap domains • Education and work goals • Focus on application of course content to work domains • Ex. focus on how knowledge of topic will help you to understand better organizational events and other workers’ motivations • Education and recreational goals • Use “fun” activities in course of learning Others? IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.
    • Overall Summary • How people naturally set, revise, and use goals over time offers challenges to how goals have an impact • In understanding these factors we can do particular intervention and find ways to structure goals that help them to remain effective • We need to always be on the lookout for applying these methods and coming up with new ones that fit with reality! IPFW is an Equal Opportunity/Equal Access University.