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The States of Matter

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  • 1. By: Jacob Martin 8th GradeTHE STATES OF MATTER
  • 2.  A solid is the state of matter that has a definite shape and volume. SOLIDS
  • 3.  The particles are very close together because they have a very strong attraction for each other.  Since they are so close, they cannot move around. So they just vibrate in place. PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS
  • 4.  There are two types of solids: Crystalline and Amorphous. TYPES OF SOLIDS Crystalline Amorphous Particles in a repeated pattern of rows Particles have no special arrangement. Particles don’t move around Particles don’t move around Ex: iron, diamond, ice Ex; glass, rubber, wax
  • 5.  Rocks  Wood  Pillows  People  Pizza EXAMPLES OF SOLIDS
  • 6.  A liquid is the state of matter that has a definite volume but takes the same shape of its container. LIQUIDS
  • 7.  The particles move fast enough to overcome the attraction of some particles.  The particles slide past each other. PROPERTIES OF LIQUIDS
  • 8.  Soda  Water  Lava  Juice  Milk EXAMPLES OF LIQUIDS
  • 9.  All liquids have surface tension.  Surface tension – a force that holds together particles at the surface of a liquid.  ST makes some liquids to form spherical drops (like water).  Liquids have different ST’s than each other. SURFACE TENSION
  • 10. EXAMPLES OF SURFACE TENSION  Ex: Water Rubbing alcohol
  • 11. VISCOSITY  All liquids have viscosity.  Viscosity – a liquid’s resistance to flow  The viscosity of a liquid depends on the attraction between it’s particles.
  • 12.  Ex: Water has a low viscosity, and that is why we have rivers. Honey has a high viscosity be cause it takes forever to flow. EXAMPLE OF VISCOSITY Water Honey
  • 13.  A gas is the state of matter that has no definite shape or volume. GASES
  • 14.  Particles in a gas move quickly enough they can break away from their attraction for other particles.  The amount of empty space between gas particles can change. PROPERTIES OF GASES
  • 15.  Helium  Oxygen  Nitrogen  Carbon dioxide  Argon EXAMPLES OF GASES