Introduction to beekeeping


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  • What is a bee It’s not a wasp Scared of bees – why The swarm The hive Getting stung – why and how Bees – what do they do Collect nectar Bee products Honey Pollen Royal Jelly Bee diseases CCD Keeping bees Why How The Hive Other equipment Smoker Veil Swarming Getting Honey Next steps
  • Introduction to beekeeping

    1. 1. Introduction To Bees and Beekeeping
    2. 3. The honey bee – apis mellifera
    3. 4. Bees are not wasps
    4. 5. Not all bees are the same
    5. 6. Why are we scared of bees?
    6. 7. <ul><li>“ A huge swarm of deadly African bees spreads terror over American cities by killing thousands of people. “ </li></ul>
    7. 8. <ul><li>“ Corporate smuggling of South American killer bees into the United States results in huge swarms terrorizing the northern hemisphere. “ </li></ul>
    8. 9. … but there’s hope Bee Movie – Dreamworks – Nov 07
    9. 10. Stinging is bad for bees
    10. 12. What have bees ever done for us? <ul><li>In the UK about 70 crops are dependent on, or benefit from, visits from bees. </li></ul><ul><li>Bees pollinate the flowers of many plants which become part of the feed of farm animals. </li></ul><ul><li>The economic value of honey bees and bumble bees as pollinators of commercially grown insect pollinated crops in the UK has been estimated at over £200 million per year. </li></ul><ul><li>They are responsible for pollination of approximately one third of the United States' crop species, including such species as: almonds, peaches, soybeans, apples, pears, cherries, raspberries, blackberries, cranberries, watermelons, cantaloupes, cucumbers and strawberries. </li></ul><ul><li>In the US it’s over $15billion </li></ul>
    11. 13. <ul><li>&quot;If the bee disappears from the surface of the earth, man would have no more than four years to live. No more bees, no more pollination, no more plants, no more animals, no more man.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Einstein - apparently </li></ul>
    12. 15. FACT: Honeybees are the only insects that produce food for humans.
    13. 19. The Bee Colony <ul><li>1 queen </li></ul><ul><li>250 drones </li></ul><ul><li>20,000 female foragers </li></ul><ul><li>40,000 female house-bees </li></ul><ul><li>5,000 to 7,000 eggs </li></ul><ul><li>7,000 to 11,000 larvae being fed </li></ul><ul><li>16,000 to 24,000 larvae developing into adults in sealed cells </li></ul>
    14. 21. The birds and the bees??? <ul><li>The queen makes only one mating flight during her life. </li></ul><ul><li>Stores the sperm from up to 20 drones that she collects on that flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Drones that mate with her die in the act. </li></ul><ul><li>She can store the sperm for up to 5 years. </li></ul>
    15. 22. The Queen <ul><li>Queens will lay almost 2,000 eggs a day. </li></ul><ul><li>A rate of 5 or 6 a minute. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 175,000-200,000 eggs are laid per year. </li></ul><ul><li>A single hive contains approximately 40-45,000 bees! </li></ul>
    16. 24. A bee’s life <ul><li>1-2 days Cleans cells and keeps the brood warm </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 days Feeds older larvae </li></ul><ul><li>6-11 days Feeds youngest larvae </li></ul><ul><li>12-17 days Produces wax, builds comb, carries food, undertaker duties </li></ul><ul><li>18-21 days Guards the hive entrance </li></ul><ul><li>22+ days Flying from hive begins, pollinates plants, collects pollen, nectar and water. </li></ul>
    17. 25. A bee <ul><li>A bee travels an average of 1600 round trips in order to produce one ounce of honey; up to 6 miles per trip. To produce 2 pounds of honey, bees travel a distance equal to 4 times around the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Bees from the same hive visit about 225,000 flowers per day. One single bee usually visits between 50-1000 flowers a day, but can visit up to several thousand. </li></ul>
    18. 26. … many bees
    19. 27. <ul><li>Bees eat honey primarily to fuel their wing muscles. </li></ul><ul><li>They fly within a radius of up to 4 miles of their hive though few go that far. </li></ul><ul><li>Their top speed is about 22mph (32 Km/h). </li></ul><ul><li>Honey fuel consumption is approximately 7 million miles per gallon (2,25Km/litre) of honey. </li></ul>
    20. 28. Swarms
    21. 29. Swarms <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction </li></ul><ul><li>Overcrowding/Space </li></ul>
    22. 30. Swarms – bad news for beekeeepers <ul><li>You don’t want it to happen </li></ul><ul><li>Lose half your bees – your flying bees </li></ul><ul><li>Need to wait 3 weeks for bees to hatch. </li></ul>
    23. 31. Bee diseases <ul><li>Varroa </li></ul><ul><li>European Foul Brood </li></ul><ul><li>American Foul Brood </li></ul><ul><li>Nosema </li></ul><ul><li>Acarine </li></ul><ul><li>Sacbrood </li></ul><ul><li>Chalkbrood </li></ul><ul><li>Wax moth </li></ul>
    24. 32. CCD – Colony Collapse Disorder <ul><li>CCD – Colony Collapse Disorder </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Complete absence of adult bees in colonies, with little or no build-up of dead bees in or around the colonies. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of capped brood in colonies. Bees normally will not abandon a hive until the capped brood have all hatched. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Presence of food stores, both honey and bee pollen: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>which are not immediately robbed by other bees </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>which when attacked by hive pests such as wax moth and small hive beetle, the attack is noticeably delayed. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Big in the USA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No one knows why </li></ul></ul>
    25. 33. An Apiary
    26. 35. The Hive Stand Alighting board Brood chamber Queen excluder Honey supers Roof
    27. 36. Brood Chamber
    28. 37. Honey Super and QE
    29. 38. Other beekeeping equipment
    30. 39. Beekeeping Technology
    31. 41. Want to get involved? <ul><li>North London Beekeepers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// </li></ul></ul><ul><li>London Beekeepers </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taste of Beekeeping 23 rd September </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British Beekeepers Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    32. 43. <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>