2553 la786 week 2 class (24 june 2010) slideshow

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สไลด์ประกอบการศึกษาวิชา น.๗๘๖ ครั้งที่ ๒ (๒๔ มิถุนายน ๒๕๕๓)

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2553 la786 week 2 class (24 june 2010) slideshow

  1. 1. ครั้งที่ ๒ ๒๔ มิถุนายน ๒๕๕๓ Thursday, 24 June 2010 1
  2. 2. ระบบกฎหมายที่สําคัญของโลก ระบบกฎหมายสหภาพยุโรป Thursday, 24 June 2010 2
  3. 3. ระบบกฎหมายที่สําคัญของโลก Thursday, 24 June 2010 3
  4. 4. civil law common law religious law socialist law Thursday, 24 June 2010 4
  5. 5. an introduction Thursday, 24 June 2010 5
  6. 6. civil law Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  7. 7. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  8. 8. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis • accessible & written collections Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  9. 9. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis • accessible & written collections • codified statutes (Code of Hammurabi) Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  10. 10. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis • accessible & written collections • codified statutes (Code of Hammurabi) • not determined by judges Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  11. 11. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis • accessible & written collections • codified statutes (Code of Hammurabi) • not determined by judges • created by legislature. Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  12. 12. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis • accessible & written collections • codified statutes (Code of Hammurabi) • not determined by judges • created by legislature. Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  13. 13. civil law • Roman’s Corpus Juris Civilis • accessible & written collections • codified statutes (Code of Hammurabi) • not determined by judges • created by legislature. Thursday, 24 June 2010 6
  14. 14. common law Thursday, 24 June 2010 7
  15. 15. common law • decisions of courts (case law/precedent) Thursday, 24 June 2010 7
  16. 16. common law • decisions of courts (case law/precedent) • complicated binding Thursday, 24 June 2010 7
  17. 17. common law • decisions of courts (case law/precedent) • complicated binding • evolves through gradual steps Thursday, 24 June 2010 7
  18. 18. common law • decisions of courts (case law/precedent) • complicated binding • evolves through gradual steps • interpretation of statutes. Thursday, 24 June 2010 7
  19. 19. religious law Thursday, 24 June 2010 8
  20. 20. religious law • God • reality • knowledge • codes of ethics & morality • endorsed by the state Thursday, 24 June 2010 8
  21. 21. religious law • God • Hindu law • reality • knowledge • codes of ethics & morality • endorsed by the state Thursday, 24 June 2010 8
  22. 22. religious law • God • Hindu law • reality • Halakha • knowledge • codes of ethics & morality • endorsed by the state Thursday, 24 June 2010 8
  23. 23. religious law • God • Hindu law • reality • Halakha • knowledge • Biblical law • codes of ethics & morality • endorsed by the state Thursday, 24 June 2010 8
  24. 24. religious law • God • Hindu law • reality • Halakha • knowledge • Biblical law • codes of ethics & • Sharia. morality • endorsed by the state Thursday, 24 June 2010 8
  25. 25. legal traditions Thursday, 24 June 2010 9
  26. 26. legal traditions • Chthonic legal tradition Thursday, 24 June 2010 9
  27. 27. legal traditions • Chthonic legal tradition • Talmudic legal tradition Thursday, 24 June 2010 9
  28. 28. legal traditions • Chthonic legal tradition • Talmudic legal tradition • Islamic legal tradition Thursday, 24 June 2010 9
  29. 29. legal traditions • Chthonic legal tradition • Talmudic legal tradition • Islamic legal tradition • civil law tradition. Thursday, 24 June 2010 9
  30. 30. legal pluralism Thursday, 24 June 2010 10
  31. 31. pluralistic systems Thursday, 24 June 2010 11
  32. 32. pluralistic systems • civil law and common law Thursday, 24 June 2010 11
  33. 33. pluralistic systems • civil law and common law • civil law and religious law Thursday, 24 June 2010 11
  34. 34. pluralistic systems • civil law and common law • civil law and religious law •common law and religious law. Thursday, 24 June 2010 11
  35. 35. socialist law Thursday, 24 June 2010 12
  36. 36. socialist law • civil law system + Marxist- Leninist ideology Thursday, 24 June 2010 12
  37. 37. socialist law • civil law system + Marxist- Leninist ideology • Communist states Thursday, 24 June 2010 12
  38. 38. socialist law • civil law system + Marxist- • limited private property Leninist ideology • limited privacy • Communist states • limited intellectual property • characteristics • limited human rights • limited ruling classes • limited adversary of judicial • no diversity of political views process. • superiority of the Communist Party Thursday, 24 June 2010 12
  39. 39. anarchy Thursday, 24 June 2010 13
  40. 40. anarchy • the absence of state Thursday, 24 June 2010 13
  41. 41. anarchy • the absence of state • common sense? Thursday, 24 June 2010 13
  42. 42. anarchy • the absence of state • common sense? • freedom? Thursday, 24 June 2010 13
  43. 43. Wikipedia: legal systems of the world <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Legal_systems_of_the_world> Factbook list of legal systems <https://www.cia.gov/library/ publications/the-world-factbook/ fields/2100.html> Thursday, 24 June 2010 14
  44. 44. ทําไมระบบกฎหมายต่าง ๆ จึงแตกต่างกัน Thursday, 24 June 2010 15
  45. 45. ทําไมต้องเข้าใจระบบ กฎหมายต่าง ๆ Thursday, 24 June 2010 16
  46. 46. เห็นอะไรจากระบบ กฎหมายที่แตกต่างกัน Thursday, 24 June 2010 17
  47. 47. คําถาม? Thursday, 24 June 2010 18
  48. 48. civil law Thursday, 24 June 2010 19
  49. 49. • the nature • the French • the German • the Chinese Thursday, 24 June 2010 20
  50. 50. the nature Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  51. 51. the nature • Roman law Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  52. 52. the nature • Roman law • written into a collection or code Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  53. 53. the nature • Roman law • written into a collection or code • not determined by judges Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  54. 54. the nature • Roman law • written into a collection or code • not determined by judges • created by legislature: Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  55. 55. the nature • Roman law • written into a collection or code • not determined by judges • created by legislature: • new & old statutes Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  56. 56. the nature • Roman law • written into a collection or code • not determined by judges • created by legislature: • new & old statutes • changes necessitated by court decisions Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  57. 57. the nature • Roman law • written into a collection or code • not determined by judges • created by legislature: • new & old statutes • changes necessitated by court decisions • new statutory concepts. Thursday, 24 June 2010 21
  58. 58. Legislation is the source of law. Thursday, 24 June 2010 22
  59. 59. The four subgroups • French civil law: France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Canadian Quebec, US Louisiana, Italy, Spain & their colonies • German civil law: Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Greece, Brazil, Portugal, Turkey, Japan, South Korea &Taiwan • Scandinavian civil law: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway & Sweden • Chinese law: China. Thursday, 24 June 2010 23
  60. 60. law of France • judicial law • civil law (droit civil) • criminal law (droit pénal) • administrative law • administrative law (droit administratif) • constitutional law (droit constitutionnel). Thursday, 24 June 2010 24
  61. 61. French case law • Constitutional Council • administrative jurisdictions: administrative courts, Commission des recours des réfugiés, Commission d'aide sociale, Section disciplinaire des ordres professionnels, Audit Offices, Regional Audit Offices, State Council & Court of jurisdictional issues. Thursday, 24 June 2010 25
  62. 62. French environmental code http://195.83.177.9/code/liste.phtml?lang=uk&c=40 Thursday, 24 June 2010 26
  63. 63. law of Germany • Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany (Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland) • Civil Code (Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch or BGB): public law (Öffentliches Recht) & private law (Privatrecht) • criminal law (Strafgesetzbuch). Thursday, 24 June 2010 27
  64. 64. classical Chinese law • Confucianism ( ): human morality & wrong actions • Legalism ( ): political philosophy that upholds the rule of law • China, Japan, Korea,Vietnam, Taiwan & Singapore • fa ( ): fair, straight & just • yi ( ): social rightness • li ( ): order • li ( ): rites, rules of propriety • zhi ( ): control Thursday, 24 June 2010 28
  65. 65. law = li( )+ li( ) + fa( ) + zhi( ) Thursday, 24 June 2010 29
  66. 66. modern Chinese law • Republic of China: Constitution, Civil Code, Code of Civil Procedures, Criminal Code, Code of Criminal Procedures & administrative law • People’s Republic of China: socialist. Thursday, 24 June 2010 30
  67. 67. rule of law: fǎzhì ( ) • thin theory of rule of law: • the law is supreme • all citizens are equal • thick theory of rule of law: • + political, social, and economic concept. Thursday, 24 June 2010 31
  68. 68. Administrative Permission Law + Legislative Law = better rule of law Thursday, 24 June 2010 32
  69. 69. Nevertheless, • National People’s Congress’s ineffectiveness • ill-supremacy of the Constitution • political pressure on the judiciary • a high level of corruption • inadequate legal professions. Thursday, 24 June 2010 33
  70. 70. คําถาม? Thursday, 24 June 2010 34
  71. 71. common law Thursday, 24 June 2010 35
  72. 72. Thursday, 24 June 2010 36
  73. 73. a common law tradition the English common law tradition the classification of English law case law the doctrine of judicial precedent using cases Thursday, 24 June 2010 36
  74. 74. a common law tradition Thursday, 24 June 2010 37
  75. 75. the English common law tradition Thursday, 24 June 2010 38
  76. 76. the classification of English law Thursday, 24 June 2010 39
  77. 77. Thursday, 24 June 2010 40
  78. 78. common law v statute law common law v equity common law v civil law matters of fact v matters of law Thursday, 24 June 2010 40
  79. 79. case law Thursday, 24 June 2010 41
  80. 80. the doctrine of judicial precedent Thursday, 24 June 2010 42
  81. 81. using cases Thursday, 24 June 2010 43
  82. 82. คําถาม? Thursday, 24 June 2010 44
  83. 83. socialist law Thursday, 24 June 2010 45
  84. 84. Thursday, 24 June 2010 46
  85. 85. the socialist concept of law civil law and socialist systems from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to the Russian Federation Thursday, 24 June 2010 46
  86. 86. the socialist concept of law Thursday, 24 June 2010 47
  87. 87. socialist ideology Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  88. 88. socialist ideology Marxism Leninism Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  89. 89. socialist ideology Marxism common law civil law Leninism Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  90. 90. socialist ideology Marxism capitalist bourgeois common law imperialistic civil law exploitative Leninism Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  91. 91. socialist ideology Marxism capitalist bourgeois common law all law civil law imperialistic exploitative Leninism Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  92. 92. socialist ideology Marxism capitalist bourgeois common law instrument all law civil law imperialistic exploitative Leninism Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  93. 93. socialist ideology Marxism capitalist economic policy bourgeois common law instrument all law civil law imperialistic exploitative social policy Leninism Thursday, 24 June 2010 48
  94. 94. ideal socialist society Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  95. 95. ideal socialist society no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  96. 96. ideal socialist society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  97. 97. ideal socialist society slave-owning society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  98. 98. ideal socialist society medieval feudalism slave-owning society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  99. 99. ideal socialist society capitalism medieval feudalism slave-owning society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  100. 100. ideal socialist society socialism capitalism medieval feudalism slave-owning society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  101. 101. ideal socialist society classless society socialism capitalism medieval feudalism slave-owning society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  102. 102. ideal socialist society equality classless society socialism capitalism medieval feudalism slave-owning society chaos no legal system Thursday, 24 June 2010 49
  103. 103. socialist concept of law Thursday, 24 June 2010 50
  104. 104. socialist concept of law capitalism private ownership inequality Thursday, 24 June 2010 50
  105. 105. socialist concept of law capitalism private transform ownership inequality Thursday, 24 June 2010 50
  106. 106. socialist concept of law capitalism equality private transform common ownership ownership inequality Thursday, 24 June 2010 50
  107. 107. socialist concept of law capitalism equality private transform common ownership ownership inequality socialist personal property property Thursday, 24 June 2010 50
  108. 108. The Communist Party Thursday, 24 June 2010 51
  109. 109. only The Communist Party Thursday, 24 June 2010 51
  110. 110. only The Communist Party plans Thursday, 24 June 2010 51
  111. 111. only The Communist Party plans governs Thursday, 24 June 2010 51
  112. 112. civil law and the socialist systems Thursday, 24 June 2010 52
  113. 113. from the Union Socialist Republics to the Russian Federation Thursday, 24 June 2010 53
  114. 114. คําถาม? Thursday, 24 June 2010 54
  115. 115. ระบบกฎหมายสหภาพยุโรป Thursday, 24 June 2010 55
  116. 116. European Community European Union monism & dualism the institutions the influence the nature Thursday, 24 June 2010 56
  117. 117. European Community Thursday, 24 June 2010 57
  118. 118. 1957 Treaty of Rome Thursday, 24 June 2010 58
  119. 119. European Community 1957 Treaty of Rome Thursday, 24 June 2010 58
  120. 120. 1992 Treaty Community European of of Rome 1957 Treaty Maastricht Thursday, 24 June 2010 58
  121. 121. 1992 Treaty Community European of of Rome 1957 Treaty Maastricht European Union Thursday, 24 June 2010 58
  122. 122. European Union Thursday, 24 June 2010 59
  123. 123. the three pillars European Union Thursday, 24 June 2010 60
  124. 124. the three pillars European Union European Community (EC) Thursday, 24 June 2010 60
  125. 125. the three pillars European Union European Community Common Foreign and (EC) Security Policy (CFSP) Thursday, 24 June 2010 60
  126. 126. the three pillars European Union Police and Judicial European Community Common Foreign and Co-operation (EC) Security Policy (CFSP) (PJC) Thursday, 24 June 2010 60
  127. 127. Thursday, 24 June 2010 61
  128. 128. monism & dualism Thursday, 24 June 2010 62
  129. 129. 1986 Single European Act Thursday, 24 June 2010 63
  130. 130. the institutions Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  131. 131. Council of Ministers the institutions Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  132. 132. decision-making Council of Ministers the institutions Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  133. 133. decision-making Council of European Ministers Council the institutions Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  134. 134. decision-making Council of European European Ministers Council Commission the institutions Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  135. 135. decision-making decision implementing Council of European European Ministers Council Commission the institutions Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  136. 136. decision-making decision implementing Council of European European Ministers Council Commission the institutions European Parliament Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  137. 137. decision-making decision implementing Council of European European Ministers Council Commission the institutions European Parliament consultative & advisory Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  138. 138. decision-making decision implementing Council of European European Ministers Council Commission the institutions European European Court of Parliament Justice consultative & advisory Thursday, 24 June 2010 64
  139. 139. the influence Thursday, 24 June 2010 65
  140. 140. French the influence Thursday, 24 June 2010 65
  141. 141. administrative law French the influence Thursday, 24 June 2010 65
  142. 142. administrative law French German the influence Thursday, 24 June 2010 65
  143. 143. administrative law administrative law French German the influence Thursday, 24 June 2010 65
  144. 144. administrative law administrative law French German the influence common law Thursday, 24 June 2010 65
  145. 145. the nature Thursday, 24 June 2010 66
  146. 146. direct applicability & direct effect Thursday, 24 June 2010 67
  147. 147. supremacy of Community law Thursday, 24 June 2010 68
  148. 148. คําถาม? Thursday, 24 June 2010 69
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