• Save
Bliss Bibliographic Classification: The Theories and Works of Henry Evelyn Bliss
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Bliss Bibliographic Classification: The Theories and Works of Henry Evelyn Bliss

on

  • 6,213 views

A class presentation for Theories of Knowledge Organization at the Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto

A class presentation for Theories of Knowledge Organization at the Faculty of Information Studies, University of Toronto

Statistics

Views

Total Views
6,213
Views on SlideShare
6,163
Embed Views
50

Actions

Likes
4
Downloads
0
Comments
0

2 Embeds 50

http://subjectobject.net 40
http://www.slideshare.net 10

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Bliss Bibliographic Classification: The Theories and Works of Henry Evelyn Bliss Bliss Bibliographic Classification: The Theories and Works of Henry Evelyn Bliss Presentation Transcript

  • Bliss Bibliographic Classification The Theories and Works of Henry Evelyn Bliss
  • H. E. Bliss (1870-1955)
    • Attends City College of New York 1885-1888.
    • 1892 hired by library at City College, remains there until retirement
    • 1910 - Library Journal article announcing system
    • 1935 - Outline of system
    • 1940-1953 - Completes 4 volumes
  • H.E. Bliss (cont)
    • Garfield: “His goals and aspirations were different from those of Melvil Dewey, whom he certainty surpassed in intellectual ability, but by whom he was dwarfed in organizational ability and drive. Dewey was a businessman, but he was in no sense as profound in his accomplishments.” (Garfield, 1975)
  • Theories of Knowledge Organization
    • The Organization of Knowledge and the System of the Sciences (1929)
    • KO and its relation to social organization, organization of scientific research and education, and libraries
    • A theory of classification and history of classifications of knowledge
    • Order in nature = Order of knowledge
    • Cannot master universe of knowledge, but insight can be gained from juxtaposition of sciences
  • Theories of Knowledge Organization (cont)
    • The Organization of Knowledge in Libraries and the Subject-Approach to Books (1939)
    • Application of prior principles to bibliographic classification: shelf order, classified catalogues and bibliographies.
    • Commentary of existing classification systems
    • Order in Knowledge = Order in Libraries
    • Principles of successful system: coherent, comprehensive, consistent with organization of science and education
  • BC1 - Principles
    • Consensus
    • Collocation
    • Subordination
    • Alternative Locations
    • Economy of Notation
  • Consensus
    • Belief in majority opinion
    • Organization of sciences gradually approaches consensus
    • Changes in disciplines rare at level of major classes
    • Variation and innovation happens at micro level
    • Innovation develops from previous disciplines: Philosophy of Human Nature Psychology
  • Subordination & Collocation
    • Specific subordinated to the general
    • Classes co-ordinate in array ordered from general and independent to specific and dependant (gradation by specialty)
    • Theoretical and Applied aspects of discipline kept together:
          • B Physics
          • BG Properties of Matter
          • BS Aerodynamics
          • BT Aviation and Aeronautics
  • Alternative Locations
    • Photography: CFP-Y (physical chemistry) or VR (art)
    • Psychology: I (psychology) or AI (philosophy)
    • International law: RJ (international relations) or SB (law)
    • But…
    • OWT The Business Women or,
    • TJKW Women in Business …. ?
  • Alternative Locations: Problems
    • Given universe of subjects A, B, C and possible alternative classes 1 and 2 for each:
    • A1, B1, C1
    • A2, B1, C1
    • A1, B2, C1
    • A2, B2, C1
    • A1, B1, C2 … etc
  • Notation
    • Notation secondary to classification
    • Does not always show hierarchy of classification:
        • SM Property Law
        • SMU Personal Property
        • SMV Chattel Mortgages
        • SMW Intellectual Property
    • 0-9 and A-Z for majority of notation
    • Limited to 3 or 4 places (not including synthesis)
  • BC1 - Main Classes
    • 0-9 “Anterior Numerical Classes”
      • Special Collections, Periodicals, Miscellanea
    • A-G Philosophy, Physics, Chemistry, Biology
    • H-T Anthropology, Social Sciences, History
    • U-Y Arts, Languages, Literature.
  • BC1 - Synthesis
    • 22 systematic schedules, with many sub-schedules.
    • Most are applicable to specific discipline
    • Four applicable to entire system
      • 0-9, mimicking Anterior Numerical Classes
      • Also Geographical, Languages and Nationalities, Historical Periods
      • “ History of Shipbuilding in Maine in the 18th Century”
      • UN3 bai, K (or) UN3 K bai (or) UN bai 3K
    • Principle of alternatives: No citation order
  • BC1 - Some Problems
    • Biases: Both standard U.S./N. American/English Language/Western bias and Discriminatory (OI Inferiorities in Races and Peoples)
    • No concept of interdisciplinarity
    • Philosophy: Scattered throughout
    • Principles contradictory: Alternative locations vs Consensus
    • Over complication: of schedules, of alternative locations
  • BC1 - Conclusions
    • Founded on solid theoretical principles, but not successfully implemented in practice
    • Bliss came at the tail end of the enumerated systems and the beginning of the fully faceted systems. BC1 is a complicated joining of both
    • Worked alone without an opportunity to fine tune when encountering practical problems of library classification
  • Thank You