Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous            since january 2008          www.scaruffi.com/leonardo1
Leonardo Art/Science Evening Rendezvous           Since January 2008                     usfcalendar.usfca.edu (LASER)    ...
Bay Area LASERs of 2013                        www.lasertalks.com•   14 january                          •   6 february•  ...
Leonardo Art/Science Evenings             March 11, 2013 • Terry Berlier (Artist) on her “Where the   beginning meets the ...
Leonardo Art/Science Evenings               April 4, 2013 • Jesse Houlding (Visual Artist) on   "Phenomena as material" • ...
At the National Academy of Sciences        March 21, 2013               oHali Felt, Author of Soundings               oKev...
Los Angeles LASERs                       Imagining Nature                         Thu, March-07-2013                      ...
LASERs of 2013 UC Berkeley                                       New YorkUSF  Stanford                                    ...
A History of Silicon ValleyThe Greatest Creation of Wealth in History              (a moral tale)
How it all Started• 1891: Leland Stanford• 1930s: Fred Terman• 1956: Bill Shockley                               10
Culture• Artistic renaissance  – 1907: Frederick Meyer (founder,    California College of the Arts and    Crafts, 1907)  –...
Culture• Artistic renaissance  – 1935: the San Francisco Museum of Art, the    second museum in the USA devoted    exclusi...
Musical renaissance• Henry Cowell   – Atonality, non-Western modes,     percussion ensembles, chance   – The first electro...
Meanwhile elsewhere…• The automated office:   – typewriters (a field dominated by Remington     Rand),   – adding machines...
Meanwhile elsewhere…• Main centers for research on electronic  computing:  – Boston (Harvard and MIT),  – Philadelphia (Mo...
Meanwhile elsewhere…• AT&T Bell Labs’ transistor (1949)                                 16
Culture• The “beats”• Eastern philosophy• 1951: Zen apostle Alan Watts  moves to San Francisco• 1952: the literary magazin...
Society• Esalen Institute at Big Sur (1962)• Free Speech Movement (1964)• Ken Kesey’s “Merry Pranksters”• First hippie fes...
Society• All these movements are hostile to  technological progress                                19
Integrated Circuits• Fairchild spinoffs: Amelco (Jean Hoerni),  Molectro (James Nall), General  Microelectronics (Don Fari...
High-tech Creativity• SRI  – Doug Engelbart’s NLS (1968): a    graphical user interface and a    hypertext system running ...
High-tech Creativity• Xerox PARC (1970) :  – Alan Kay’s Dynabook and    Smalltalk  – Not faster computation but better    ...
The Home Computer• The Homebrew Computer Club  (1975)• Another Bay Area community of  counterculture• Journalists and stor...
Unix• Unix ethics and philosophy a good match  for the Bay Area’s utopian ideology• A technology ignored by the big comput...
The Internet• Just like the personal computer and the  Unix, the Internet too was largely shaped by  a community of eccent...
Homework for youWhy did it happen here and not elsewhere, and why it is still not happening anywhere else?                ...
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Ucla2013

  1. 1. Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous since january 2008 www.scaruffi.com/leonardo1
  2. 2. Leonardo Art/Science Evening Rendezvous Since January 2008 usfcalendar.usfca.edu (LASER) events.stanford.edu (LASER) www.nasonline.org (DASER) http://dma.ucla.edu (LASER) www.unex.berkeley.edu (LASER) www.leonardo.info 2
  3. 3. Bay Area LASERs of 2013 www.lasertalks.com• 14 january • 6 february• 11 march • 4 april• 13 may • 6 june • 5 june• 8 july • 8 august • 7 august• 9 september • 10 october • 9 october• 4 november • 12 december • 11 december If you are not on the Art/Science mailing lists, email 3 p@scaruffi.com (piero scaruffi)
  4. 4. Leonardo Art/Science Evenings March 11, 2013 • Terry Berlier (Artist) on her “Where the beginning meets the end” • Curt Frank (Stanford) on "Historical Pigments: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly" • Deborah Gordon (Stanford) on "Anternet: How ant colonies use interaction networks" • Katharine Hawthorne (Choreographer) on “Choreography as Research” If you are not on the Art/Science mailing lists, email 4 p@scaruffi.com (piero scaruffi)
  5. 5. Leonardo Art/Science Evenings April 4, 2013 • Jesse Houlding (Visual Artist) on "Phenomena as material" • Chris McKay (NASA) on "The Curiosity Mars Mission" • Vijaya Nagarajan (USF) on "Embedded Mathematics in Womens Ritual Art Designs in southern India" • Niki Ulehla (Puppet Maker) on "Marionettes, forms and relationships" If you are not on the Art/Science mailing lists, email 5 p@scaruffi.com (piero scaruffi)
  6. 6. At the National Academy of Sciences March 21, 2013 oHali Felt, Author of Soundings oKevin Finneran, Director, Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy (COSEPUP) oConnie Imboden, Photographer oHeather Spence, Marine Biologist Organizer: JD Talasek http://www.cpnas.org/events/daser-032113.html6
  7. 7. Los Angeles LASERs Imagining Nature Thu, March-07-2013 Speaking Your MindOrganizer: Thu, April-18-2013Victoria Vesna Space and Place Thu, May-09-2013 http://artsci.ucla.edu/?q=laser 7
  8. 8. LASERs of 2013 UC Berkeley New YorkUSF Stanford Washington UCLA San Francisco: Jan 2008 Silicon Valley: Feb 2009 Washington: Mar 2011 New York: Sep 2011 UCLA: Jan 2013 8 Berkeley: Jun 2013
  9. 9. A History of Silicon ValleyThe Greatest Creation of Wealth in History (a moral tale)
  10. 10. How it all Started• 1891: Leland Stanford• 1930s: Fred Terman• 1956: Bill Shockley 10
  11. 11. Culture• Artistic renaissance – 1907: Frederick Meyer (founder, California College of the Arts and Crafts, 1907) – 1913: Ralph Stackpole (founder, California Society of Etchers/ California School of Fine Arts) – 1921: Ansel Adams’ photographs of Yosemite 11
  12. 12. Culture• Artistic renaissance – 1935: the San Francisco Museum of Art, the second museum in the USA devoted exclusively to modern art – 1939: Villa Montalvo’s artist residency program, the first one in the Western United States – 1946: Frank Stauffacher’s "Art in Cinema" at the Museum of Art, the first time in the USA that an art museum presented a series of experimental films 12
  13. 13. Musical renaissance• Henry Cowell – Atonality, non-Western modes, percussion ensembles, chance – The first electronic rhythm machine (1930)• Lou Harrison (studied with Cowell) – Chinese opera, Native-American folk, jazz, gamelan…• John Cage too studied with Cowell… 13
  14. 14. Meanwhile elsewhere…• The automated office: – typewriters (a field dominated by Remington Rand), – adding machines (a field dominated by Burroughs), – tabulating machines (a field dominated by IBM) – cash registers (a field dominated by NCR)• Midwest and East Coast industries dominate office automation 14
  15. 15. Meanwhile elsewhere…• Main centers for research on electronic computing: – Boston (Harvard and MIT), – Philadelphia (Moore School of Electrical Engineering, BRL), – New Jersey (Bell Labs, Princeton, RCA Labs), – New York (Columbia and IBM) – and Europe 15
  16. 16. Meanwhile elsewhere…• AT&T Bell Labs’ transistor (1949) 16
  17. 17. Culture• The “beats”• Eastern philosophy• 1951: Zen apostle Alan Watts moves to San Francisco• 1952: the literary magazine titled “City Lights” and the first all- paperback bookstore in the USA• 1955: Allen Ginsberg‘s recitation of his poem “Howl”• 1956: Jack Kerouac moves to San Francisco 17
  18. 18. Society• Esalen Institute at Big Sur (1962)• Free Speech Movement (1964)• Ken Kesey’s “Merry Pranksters”• First hippie festival (1965)• The "Summer of Love" (1966)• Black Panther Party (1966)• Monterey’s rock festival (1967)• Stewart Brand’s "Whole Earth Catalog“ (1968)• The first “Earth Day” is held in San Francisco (1970)• Gay Pride Parade (1970) 18
  19. 19. Society• All these movements are hostile to technological progress 19
  20. 20. Integrated Circuits• Fairchild spinoffs: Amelco (Jean Hoerni), Molectro (James Nall), General Microelectronics (Don Farina), Intersil (Jean Hoerni); AMD (Jerry Sanders ), etc• Texas Instruments, Motorola and RCA do not spawn a similar genealogical tree of semiconductor startups• A commune 20
  21. 21. High-tech Creativity• SRI – Doug Engelbart’s NLS (1968): a graphical user interface and a hypertext system running on the first computer equipped with a mouse and connected to a remote computer (9 Dec 1968) – Not artificial intelligence but augmented intelligence 21
  22. 22. High-tech Creativity• Xerox PARC (1970) : – Alan Kay’s Dynabook and Smalltalk – Not faster computation but better interaction – Casual, informal and egalitarian workplace – The equivalent for a workplace of the alternative lifestyle preached by the hippies 22
  23. 23. The Home Computer• The Homebrew Computer Club (1975)• Another Bay Area community of counterculture• Journalists and store owners are the real visionaries 23
  24. 24. Unix• Unix ethics and philosophy a good match for the Bay Area’s utopian ideology• A technology ignored by the big computer manufacturers and left in the hands of a community of eccentric independents 24
  25. 25. The Internet• Just like the personal computer and the Unix, the Internet too was largely shaped by a community of eccentric independents• The consumer is the producer• E-mail itself is a user invention, never planned by the Arpanets bureaucracy 25
  26. 26. Homework for youWhy did it happen here and not elsewhere, and why it is still not happening anywhere else? 26

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