A Visual History of the Visual Arts - Part 3: "The Age of Globalization"

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A Visual History of the Visual Arts - Part 3 The Age of Globalization - A free supplement to "A Brief History of Knowledge" (Amazon ebook) - The slideshare version is not downloadable. The …

A Visual History of the Visual Arts - Part 3 The Age of Globalization - A free supplement to "A Brief History of Knowledge" (Amazon ebook) - The slideshare version is not downloadable. The downloadable chapters are here: http://www.scaruffi.com/art/history/index.html

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  • 1. Piero Scaruffi A Visual History Of The Visual Arts 2013
  • 2. 2 A Visual History of the Visual Arts Part 3: Multicultural Art 1991-20.. July 2013 Piero Scaruffi www.scaruffi.com
  • 3. This is a free ebook. Needless to say, it took many months to compile it, and the knowledge comes from many years of study. If you feel like supporting this work, make a donation at www.scaruffi.com/support.html
  • 4. All the text is mine but you are welcome to do what you like with it as long as it is for nonprofit purposes. All the pictures (mostly in tiny resolution) are from the artist’s website or museum’s websites or my own photo collection. If you feel that a picture is used improperly, just email me. The goal obviously is to spread knowledge, not to make money. To send comments, corrections, complaints, etc: www.scaruffi.com/email.html If a volunteer would like to list all the illustrations and track down where those artworks are located in the world, it would be a nice addition to this file. I just didn’t find the time.
  • 5. 5 The Age of Globalization •Painting/ textile –Rachid Koraïchi (1947, Algeria) “On A Rumi Invocation” (2009)
  • 6. 6 The Age of Globalization •Painting/ textile –Rachid Koraïchi (1947, Algeria) “Sidi Ahmed Tidjani” (2009)
  • 7. 7 The Age of Globalization •Painting/ textile –Rachid Koraïchi (1947, Algeria) “Invisible Masters” (2010)
  • 8. 8 The Age of Globalization •Painting/ textile –Petre Velicu (1950, Romania) “Gloria” (1997) “La Semaine des Fous” (2003)
  • 9. 9 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Suong Yangchareon (1952, Thailand): hyper- realism “Lompoc” (2012)
  • 10. 10 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Shahla Rosa (1953, USA): surrealism "The Triumph of Andre Breton and Surrealism" (2006) "Breton & the hermetic images of a dream" (2009)
  • 11. 11 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Scott Hess (1955, USA) “The Lotus Flower” (1996)
  • 12. 12 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Scott Hess (1955, USA) “Flood Pain” (1999) “Light” (2003)
  • 13. 13 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Julie Heffernan (1956, USA)
  • 14. 14 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Julie Heffernan
  • 15. 15 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Julie Heffernan
  • 16. 16 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Luc Tuymans (1958, Belgium): contemporary history “Against the Day” (2009)
  • 17. 17 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Peter Doig (1959, Britain) “Okahumkee” (1990) “The Architects Home in The Ravine” (1991)
  • 18. 18 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Tomoko Konoike (1960, Japan) "Chapter Four- The Return-Sirius Odyssey" (2004) "Hidden Mountain-Fusuma" (2008)
  • 19. 19 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Neo Rauch (1960, Germany): social realism + Chagall “Vorfuhrung” (2006) “Aufstand” (2004) “Weiter” (2005)
  • 20. 20 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Neo Rauch “Vorfuhrung” (2006) “Neue Rollen” (2005) "Ordnungshüter“ (2008)
  • 21. 21 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Alexis Rockman (1962, USA) "Host and Vector" (1996) "Manifest Destiny" (2004)
  • 22. 22 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Fang Lijun (1963, China) •Cynical Realism “30th Mary” (2006) “2001.1.5” (2001) “Series 2, No. 2, Howl" (1992)
  • 23. 23 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Matthew Ritchie (1964, Britain) “No Sign of the World” (2004) “Self Portrait 2064” (2003)
  • 24. 24 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Huan Jiang (1964, China) "Shadow of the Spring" (2010) "Duchamp's Fountain" (2010)
  • 25. 25 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Nicole Eisenman (1965, France) “Hanging Birth” (1994) “Man Cloud" (1999)
  • 26. 26 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Nicole Eisenman (1965, France) “Coping” (2008)
  • 27. 27 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Makoto Aida (1965, Japan) “Picture of Waterfall” (2010) "A Path Between Rice Fields"" (1991)
  • 28. 28 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Makoto Aida (1965, Japan) “The Giant Member Fuji Vs King Gidora” (1992) "Harakiri School Girls" (2002)
  • 29. 29 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Makoto Aida (1965, Japan) "Ash Color Mountains" (2011)
  • 30. 30 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Makoto Aida (1965, Japan) “Blender" (2001)
  • 31. 31 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Mengjun Li (1966, China) "Autumn Scenery - Frozen Time" (2007)
  • 32. 32 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Haruko Sasaki (1969, Japan) “Healing Temple of Light #1" (2001)
  • 33. 33 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Jian Guo (1969, China) “Untitled" (2007) “Untitled" (2007)
  • 34. 34 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Jian Guo (1969, China) “Bubble of Yum" (2001)
  • 35. 35 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Shazia Sikander (1969, Pakistan) “Pleasure Pillars" (2001) “Veil' n Trail” (1997)
  • 36. 36 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Shazia Sikander (1969, Pakistan) “Still from four-minute Quicktime digital file" (2001) “Hood's Red Rider #2” (1997)
  • 37. 37 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Laura Owens (1970) (2002)
  • 38. 38 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Hyun-su Park (South Korea) (2012)
  • 39. 39 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Chris Finley (1971, USA) “The Speaker” (2007)
  • 40. 40 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Miguel Calderon (1971, Mexico) “Aggressively Mediocre/Mentally Challenged/Fantasy Island (circle one)” (1998)
  • 41. 41 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Joshua Hagler (1979, USA) "The Mind Recedes the Blood is Wise the Soundless Mouth is Open" (2010)
  • 42. 42 The Age of Globalization •Painting –Parker Ito (1986, USA): paintings that cannot be digitized "The Agony and the Ecstasy" (2012)
  • 43. 43 The Age of Globalization •Painting/ Optical illusion & Stencil art –Mike Hewson (1985, New Zealand)
  • 44. 44 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Chen Zhen (1955, China) "Fifty Stokes to Each“ (1998)
  • 45. 45 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Ai Weiwei (1957, China) “Snake Ceiling" (2010) “Absent" (2011) “Fairytale" (2007)
  • 46. 46 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Cai Guo-Qiang (1957, China) “Inopportune Stage 2” (2004) “Inopportune Stage 1” (2008)
  • 47. 47 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Cai Guo-Qiang “Head on“ for 99 life-sized replicas of wolves and a glass wall (2006)
  • 48. 48 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Thomas Hirschhorn (1957, Switzerland) “The Subjecter” (2010) “Cavemanman” (2002)
  • 49. 49 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Thomas Hirschhorn (1957, Switzerland)
  • 50. 50 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Maurizio Cattelan (1960, Italy) “The Ninth Hour” (1999) “Another Fucking Readymade” (1996): The artist stole another artist’s artworks from another gallery to set up his own art show “All” (2011), a retrospective of his own works hanging from a ceiling
  • 51. 51 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Internet Art –Byron Kim (1961, USA) "Synecdoche" (1991): a work in progress, a a grid of hundreds of monochromatic panels, each one in the skin color of a person
  • 52. 52 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Toshio Iwai (1962, Japan) “Piano” (1995), audiovisual installation
  • 53. 53 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Tracey Emin (1963, Britain) “My Bed” (1998): The artist’s own unmade bed surrounded by condoms and other objects “Everyone I Have Ever Slept With” (1995): A tent internally pasted with the names of all the sexual partners of the artist.
  • 54. 54 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Jae Rhim Lee (19??, USA) The “Infinity Burial Project” proposes alternatives for the postmortem body that promote and facilitate an individual engagement with the process of decomposition.” (2012)
  • 55. 55 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –David Levine (1970, USA): A cross between installation, performance, and theater "Farmers’ Theater" (2007): the actor is a potato farmer doing real-life potato planting in a real field in front of the audience "Habit" (2012): three actors perform a 90- minute drama on a continuous loop for eight hours a day inside afurnished, fully functional house and are free to improvise ordinary actions such as cooking.
  • 56. 56 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Imran Qureshi (1972, Pakistan) “Blessings Upon the Land of My Love” (2011) “Give & Take” (2013) “Bleed” (2013)
  • 57. 57 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Golan Levin (1972, USA) “Dialtones - A Telesymphony.” (2001) for the audience’s mobile phones “An Audiovisual Environment Suite” (2000) Computer program “Messa di Voce” translating Jaap Blonk’s vocals into a painting (2003)
  • 58. 58 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Art –Tino Sehgal (1976, Germany): situationist art, art that constructs experiences, not objects "This Progress" (2010): the audience is escorted up a spiral staircase by a child, a teenager, etc all the way to an elderly person, each escort asking them about progress.
  • 59. 59 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Internet Art –Keith Obadike (1973, USA) Blackness for sale on eBay in 2001: "This heirloom has been in the possession of the seller for twenty-eight years. Mr. Obadike's Blackness has been used primarily in the United States and its functionality outside of the US cannot be guaranteed. Buyer will receive a certificate of authenticity. Benefits and Warnings Benefits: 1. This Blackness may be used for creating black art. 2. This Blackness may be used for writing critical essays or scholarship about other blacks. 3. This Blackness may be used for making jokes about black people and/or laughing at black humor comfortably. (Option#3 may overlap with option#2) 4. This Blackness may be used for accessing some affirmative action benefits. (Limited time offer. May already be prohibited in some areas.) 5. This Blackness may be used for dating a black person without fear of public scrutiny. 6. This Blackness may be used for gaining access to exclusive, "high risk" neighborhoods. 7. This Blackness may be used for securing the right to use the terms 'sista', 'brotha', or 'nigga' in reference to black people. (Be sure to have certificate of authenticity on hand when using option 7).
  • 60. 60 The Age of Globalization •Conceptual Internet Art –Keith Obadike (1973, USA) 8. This Blackness may be used for instilling fear. 9. This Blackness may be used to augment the blackness of those already black, especially for purposes of playing 'blacker-than-thou'. 10. This Blackness may be used by blacks as a spare (in case your original Blackness is whupped off you.) Warnings: 1. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used during legal proceedings of any sort. 2. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used while seeking employment. 3. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used in the process of making or selling 'serious' art. 4. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used while shopping or writing a personal check. 5. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used while making intellectual claims. 6. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used while voting in the United States or Florida. 7. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used while demanding fairness. 8. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used while demanding. 9. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used in Hollywood. 10. The Seller does not recommend that this Blackness be used by whites looking for a wild weekend."
  • 61. 61 The Age of Globalization •Guerrilla art –Mauro "Ffortissimo" Dinucci (1963, Argentina) "Sunset Piano Opus Two for Twelve Pianos" (2013)
  • 62. 62 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Monika Fleischmann (1950, Germany) & Wolfgang Strauss (1951, Germany) “Liquid Views” (1993) “Interfacing the Archive” (2012)
  • 63. 63 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Shu Lea Cheang (1954, Taiwan) “Brandon” (1998), a website documenting the life and death of a girl pretending to be a boy who was raped and murdered
  • 64. 64 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Perry Hoberman (1954, USA) “Timetable” (1999) “Workaholic” (2000)
  • 65. 65 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Bill Seaman (1956, USA) “World Generator” (1996) “Engine of Engines” (2011)
  • 66. 66 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Victoria Vesna (1959, USA) “Bodies” (1993), a website to construct bodies “Zero@wavefunction” (2002), nanoart
  • 67. 67 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Rand Miller (1959, USA): gaming “Myst” (1993), first “artistic” videogame
  • 68. 68 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Natalie Bookchin (1962, USA): gaming –John Klima (1971, USA): gaming “Metapet” (2003) “Train” (2003)
  • 69. 69 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Feng Mengbo (1966, China): retro gaming “Long March: Restart” (2008) “Talmud Project” (1999) “Q4U” (2001)
  • 70. 70 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Eduardo Kac (1962, Brazil): telerobotics “Rara Avis” (1996), telerobotics and telecasting
  • 71. 71 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Ken Goldberg (1961, USA): telerobotics –Eric Paulos (1969) and John Canny (1959): telerobotics –Adrianne Wortzel (1941): telerobotics “Telegarden” (1995), remotely tending a garden “PRoP0” (1997) “Camouflage Town” (2001)
  • 72. 72 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Karl Sims (1962, USA): simulated evolution “Panspermia” (1990) “Galapagos” (1997) “Tori” (1991)
  • 73. 73 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Christa Sommerer (1964, Austria) & Laurent Mignonneau (1967, France): simulated evolution “A-Volve” (1994) “Interactive Plant Growing” (1992)
  • 74. 74 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia installations –Olafur Eliasson (1967, Denmark) “The Forked Forest Path” (1998) “Your Strange Certainty Still Kept” (1996)
  • 75. 75 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia installation –Olafur Eliasson (1967, Denmark) “Your Mobile Expectations" (2007) “One-way colour tunnel” (2007)
  • 76. 76 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Kara Walker (1969, USA): black paper silhouettes “Grub for Sharks: A Concession to the Negro Populace” (2004) “Slavery! Slavery!” (1997) “?” (date?)
  • 77. 77 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Kara Walker (1969, USA) ““The End of Uncle Tom and the Grand Allegorical Tableau of Eva In Heaven” (1995)
  • 78. 78 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Kara Walker “Presenting Negro Scenes Drawn Upon My Passage Through the South and Reconfigured for the Benefit of Enlightened Audiences Wherever Such May Be Found, By Myself, Missus K.E.B. Walker, Colored” (1997)
  • 79. 79 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Jacob Dahlgren (1970, Sweden) “I, the world, things, life” “The Wonderful World of Abstraction” (2006) “Sydney 2006 for coffee mugs and aluminium” (2008)
  • 80. 80 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Camille Utterback (1970, USA) “Abundance” (2007) “Aurora Organ” (2009) “Text Rain” (1999)
  • 81. 81 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Marnix de Nijs (1970, Holland) "Physiognomic Scrutinizer" (2008) for face-recognition software
  • 82. 82 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Deborah Aschheim (1964, USA) “Earworm” (2008) “June 10” (2007)
  • 83. 83 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive •Agnes Hegedus (1964, Hungary) Virtual world “Memory Theater” (1997)
  • 84. 84 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive •Kazuhiko Hachiya (1966, Japan) “Inter Dis-communication Machine” (1993), interconnected virtual reality
  • 85. 85 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Masaki Fujihata (1956, Japan) “Field Works” (2002), reconstructing collective memories into cyberspace “Global Interior Project” (1996)
  • 86. 86 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Knowbotic Research (Switzerland, founded 1991): Yvonne Wilhelm (1962), Christian Huebler (1962), Alexander Tuchacek (1962) “Simulation Mosaik Data Klaenge” (1993) “Dialogue with the Knowbotic South” (1997)
  • 87. 87 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Mona Hatoum (1952, Lebanon) “Current Disturbance” (1996): the sound and light of flashing lightbulbs “Light Sentence” (1992): a single moving light bulb illuminates the wire mesh walls and sculptures of a dark room “Impenetrable” (2009)
  • 88. 88 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Jim Campbell (1956, USA): LED matrix installations “LED Explosion” (2010) “Fifth Avenue Cutaway” (2001)
  • 89. 89 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Pierre Huyghe (1962, France) “L’Expédition Scintillante” (2002) - on three stages
  • 90. 90 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Erwin Redl (1963, Austria) : LED matrix installations “Matrix II” (2000) “Fade I” (2004) “Matrix XV” (2007)
  • 91. 91 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Ben Goldman’s United Visual Arts (founded 2003): LED matrix installations “Origin” (2011) “Speed of Light” (2010)
  • 92. 92 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Rafael Lozano-Hemmer (1967, Canada) “Displaced Emperors Relational Architecture 2” (1997)
  • 93. 93 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation –Jennifer McCoy (1968) and Kevin McCoy (1967) “Every Shot Every Episode” (2001), a database of 10000 shots from episodes of a tv soap opera “201 - a space algorithm” (2001) allows the viewer/user to re-edit Kubrick’ “2001 Space Odyssey”
  • 94. 94 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Scott Snibbe (1969, USA) "Boundary Functions" (1998) “Deep Walls" (2002)
  • 95. 95 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Chris Milk (1975, USA) "The Treachery of Sanctuary" (2012)
  • 96. 96 The Age of Globalization •Multimedia Installation/ Interactive –Hisako Yamakawa (1977, Japan) “Kodama" (2005): by monitoring the audience, the forest appears to "collect" their voices by converting sound waves into images reminiscent of large air bubbles
  • 97. 97 The Age of Globalization •Performance/ Body Art –Janine Antoni (1964, Bahamas) "Loving Care" (1993): uses her hair as a paintbrush pushing the viewers out of the room
  • 98. 98 The Age of Globalization •Performance/ Body Art –Stahl Stenslie (1965, Norway) “CyberSM" (1993), full- body telematic suit
  • 99. 99 The Age of Globalization •Performance/ Body Art –Wafaa Bilal (1966, Iraq) "The 3rd I" (2010): for one year a titanium plate was implanted in the artist's head and a camera attached to it so that his life could be streamed live on the Internet "Domestic Tension" (2007): the artist lived in a gallery for 30 days, eating and drinking what was donated to him, broadcast live over the Internet with an Internet-controlled system whereby people from all over the world could trigger paintballs shot at him (more than 60,000 people from 130 countries pressed the button to shoot him)
  • 100. 100 The Age of Globalization •Performance/ Body Art –Stelarc/ Stelios Arcadiou (1972, Australia): augmenting the human body - cyborgs (“the human body is obsolete”) “Exoskeleton" (1999)
  • 101. 101 The Age of Globalization •Artifiction –Cameron Hockenson (1975, USA): pen and ink, digital photograph “Seed For a Forest Without a Home” (2010) “A Memory of Childhood” (2010)
  • 102. 102 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Sebastiao Salgado (1944, Brazil) “Workers” (1993) “Oil Well Burhan Kuwait” (1991)
  • 103. 103 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Sebastiao Salgado (1944, Brazil) “Sahel: The End of the Road” (2004)
  • 104. 104 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Sebastiao Salgado (1944, Brazil) “Sahel: The End of the Road” (2004)
  • 105. 105 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Jeff Wall (1946, Canada): oneiric realism –Andreas Gursky (1955, Germany): industrial realism “Chicago Board of Trade II” (1999) “After Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison - the Preface (2001)
  • 106. 106 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Robert Buelteman (1954): cameraless photography
  • 107. 107 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Tracey Moffatt (1960, Australia): narrative realism “Up in the Sky” (1997)
  • 108. 108 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Taiquan Tian (1960, China) "Red Guards Cemetery" (2012) “Memory of Totem” (2007)
  • 109. 109 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Renee Cox (1960, Jamaica) “The Yo Mama” (1993) “River Queen” (2004)
  • 110. 110 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Stephen Galloway (1962) “Nebular” (2011)
  • 111. 111 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Gregory Crewdson (USA, 1962) "Beneath the Roses" (2005) “Untitled" (2006)
  • 112. 112 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Ken Gonzales-Day (1964) “Ramoncita at the Cantina” (1996)
  • 113. 113 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Charles Cohen (1968): pornography, erasure “16b” (2001) “Hotteen” (2001)
  • 114. 114 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Gerard Byrne (1969, Ireland) The series "A Country Road, A Tree, Evening" (2006) recreates the settings of Samuel Beckett's play “Waiting for Godot”
  • 115. 115 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Cenci Goepel (Germany, 1972) and Jens Warnecke (Germany, 1969) “title” (date)
  • 116. 116 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Wim Tellier (1979, Belgium) “Naked Sleepers”
  • 117. 117 The Age of Globalization •Photography –Liu Bolin (1973, China) “Hide in the City” (2005-)
  • 118. 118 The Age of Globalization •Digital photomontage –Martina Lopez (1952, USA) “Questioning Nature's Way, 2” (1998) “Heirs Come to Pass, 3” (1991) “Revolution in Time, 1” (1994)
  • 119. 119 The Age of Globalization •Digital Photomontage –Casey Williams (1947, USA): photography + painting “Lake Tent”
  • 120. 120 The Age of Globalization •Digital Photomontage –Evi Moechel "Zazie" (1956, Germany) "When the Eye of Pandora's Mask Screams" (2011) “Epaves”
  • 121. 121 The Age of Globalization •Computer art –Louis Bec (1936, France) “Malaskunodousse” (1999), artificial life model “The Protospone Mex”, semi- autonomous software entity
  • 122. 122 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –Andreas Müller-Pohle (1951, Germany) “Blind Genes” (2002) “Digital Score I” (1995)
  • 123. 123 The Age of Globalization •Computer art –Charlotte Davies (1954, Canada): virtual reality Virtual world "Osmose" (1995) Virtual world "Ephemere" (1998)
  • 124. 124 The Age of Globalization •Computer art –Peter d'Agostino (1945, USA): virtual reality “VR/RV - A Recreational Vehicle in Virtual Reality" (1994)
  • 125. 125 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –Rebecca Allen (1953, USA): 3D worlds “Emergence - Bush Soul” (1998)
  • 126. 126 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –Daniel Canogar (1964, Spain) “Horror Vacui” (1999) “Otras Geologias” (2005)
  • 127. 127 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –Dieter Huber (1962, Austria) –Warren Neidich (1956, USA) –Carl Fudge (1962, Britain) Huber: “Klone 76” (1997) Neidich: “Conversation Map” (2002) Fudge: “Rhapsody Spray” (2000)
  • 128. 128 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –William Latham (1961, Britain) “Hood2” (1995) “Biogenesis” (1993, video)
  • 129. 129 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –Graham Harwood (1960, Britain) "If Comix Mental" (1991), the first computer-generated graphic novel
  • 130. 130 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –David Small (1965, USA): rethinking the book “Stream of Consciousness” (1998) “Talmud Project” (1999)
  • 131. 131 The Age of Globalization •Computer Art –Jodi: Joan Heemskerk (1968, Netherlands) & Dirk Paesmans (1965, Belgium): "Screen Grab" art (live computer-user improvisation) “My%Desktop” (2002)
  • 132. 132 The Age of Globalization •Computer art –Vuk Cosic (1966, Serbia): ASCII art
  • 133. 133 The Age of Globalization •Computer art –Shirley Shor (1971, Israel)
  • 134. 134 The Age of Globalization •Internet art –1991: Tim Berners-Lee invents the WorldWide Web –1994: First International Conference on the WWW –1994: net.art movement (Vuk Cosic) –1994: äda'web online art gallery (Benjamin Weil) –1999: Rhizome online archive of new media art (Mark Tribe) –1999: net_condition show at ZKM in Karlsruhe
  • 135. 135 The Age of Globalization •Internet art –Gerard Hovagimyan (1950, USA) “BKPC (Barbie & Ken Politically Correct)” (1994)
  • 136. 136 The Age of Globalization •Internet art –Olia Lialina (1971, Russia) –Heath Bunting (1966, Britain) Bunting: "Read Me“ (1998) "My Boyfriend Came Back from the War“ (1996)
  • 137. 137 The Age of Globalization •Internet art/ Alternative Browers –I/O/D (Britain): Matthew Fuller, Colin Green, Simon Pope –Mark Napier (1961, USA) “Riot“ (1999) I/O/D4 - "WebStalker" (1997)
  • 138. 138 The Age of Globalization •Internet art/ Alternative Browers –Warren Sack (1962, USA) –ART+COM (founded 1988, Germany) “Conversation Map” (1999) “Terravision” (1994)
  • 139. 139 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Mike Kelley (1954, USA) –Stan Douglas (1960, Canada) Kelley: “Extracurricular Activity Projective Reconstruction #1” (2000) Douglas: "Hors-champs" (1992)
  • 140. 140 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Douglas Gordon (1966, Britain) –Matthew Barney (1967, USA) Gordon: "24 Hour Psycho" (1993), a 24- hour slow-motion version of Hitchcock's film Barney: "The Cremaster Cycle" (2002)
  • 141. 141 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Chris Doyle (1952, USA) “Idyllwild” (2012) “Apocalypse Management” (2009)
  • 142. 142 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Shirin Neshat (1957, Iran) “Rapture” (1999)
  • 143. 143 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Christian Marclay (1955, Switzerland) “The Clock” (2010), a 24-hour compilation of time-related scenes from movies “Video Quartet” (2002)
  • 144. The Age of Globalization •Video Art –Doug Aitken (1968, USA) “Migration” (2008) “Sleepwalkers” (2007) 144 “Interiors” (2002)
  • 145. 145 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Nathalie Djurberg (1978, Sweden) “The Parade” (2011)
  • 146. 146 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Ryoichi Kurokawa (1978, Japan) “Parallel Head” (2008) “Rheo” (2009) “Sirens” (2012)
  • 147. 147 The Age of Globalization •Video art –Davide "Quayola" Quagliola (1982, Italy) “Strata #1” (2007) “Matter” (2012) "Architectural Density" (2006)
  • 148. 148 The Age of Globalization •Immersive/interactive Video Installation –Luc Courchesne (1952, Canada) “The Visitor - Living by Numbers” (2001), interactive video “Portrait One” (1990), interactive video
  • 149. 149 The Age of Globalization •Immersive/interactive Video Installation –Michael Naimark (1952) –Jeffrey Shaw (1944) –Toni Dove (1946) Dove: "Artificial Changelings" (1998) Naimark: "Be Here Now" (1995) Shaw: "Place, a user manual" (1995)
  • 150. 150 The Age of Globalization •Immersive/interactive –Dmitry Gelfand (1974, Russia) and Evelina Domnitch (1972, Belarus): ephemeral art- science “Hydrogeny" (2011) “Camera Lucida" (2005)
  • 151. 151 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Charles Ray (1953, USA) “Oh! Charley, Charley, Charley” (1992) “Tractor” (2004)
  • 152. 152 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Petah Coyne (1953, USA) “Brides in Mourning” (1991) “Vermillion Fog” (2008)
  • 153. 153 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Shanshan Sheng (1957, China) “The Wall” (2009)
  • 154. 154 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Ron Mueck (1958, Australia) “Mask II” (2001) “In Bed” (2005) “Big Baby” (1997)
  • 155. 155 •Sculpture –Nick Cave (1959, USA): soundsuits “Soundsuit 1” (2006) The Age of Globalization
  • 156. 156 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Nick Cave (1959, USA): soundsuits “Soundsuit 1” (2006)
  • 157. 157 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Gavin Turk (1967, Britain): waxworks of himself “Pop” (1993)
  • 158. 158 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Pawel Althamer (1967, Poland) "Almech" (2012) "Venetians" (2013) "Balloon" (2007)
  • 159. 159 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Pawel Althamer (1967, Poland) "Venetians" (2013)
  • 160. 160 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Wenling Chen (1969, China) "China Scenery #2" (2007) “God of Materialism”
  • 161. 161 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Jason deCaires Taylor (1974, Britain): Museo Subacuático de Arte “Man on Fire" (2009) “Inheritance" (2011)
  • 162. 162 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Jason deCaires Taylor (1974, Britain): Museo Subacuático de Arte “Silent Evolution" (2010)
  • 163. 163 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Nathalie Djurberg (1978, Sweden) “The Parade” (2012)
  • 164. 164 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/ 3D (computer-aided) –Michael Rees (1958, USA) “Anja Spine” (1998) “Putto” (2003)
  • 165. 165 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/ 3D (computer-aided) –Karin Sander (1957, Germany): miniature people
  • 166. 166 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/ Satire –Maurizio Cattelan (1960, Italy) “The Ninth Hour” (1999) “Frank & Jamie” (2002)
  • 167. 167 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/ Hyper-realism –Patricia Piccinini (1965, Australia) “Bottom Feeder” (2009) “Undivided” (2004)
  • 168. 168 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site sculpture/ Land art –Lois Weinberger (1947, Austria) "Garden" (1994)
  • 169. 169 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site sculpture –Gu Wenda (1955, China) “Babel of the Millennium" (1999) “Temple of Heaven" (1998)
  • 170. 170 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site –Diana Thater (1962, USA) “Knots + Surfaces” (2001) “Delphine” (1999)
  • 171. 171 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site sculpture/ Land art –Adrian Gray (1961, Britain)
  • 172. 172 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site –Adrian Gray (1961, Britain)
  • 173. 173 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site –Jim Denevan (1961, USA) Ocean Beach, San Francisco
  • 174. 174 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site –Jim Denevan (1961, USA) “The Anthropologist” (2010, Lake Baikal, the world's largest single artwork)
  • 175. 175 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site –Rachel Whiteread (1963, Britain) “House” (1993) “Embankment” (2006)
  • 176. 176 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Site –Jorge Pardo (1963, Cuba) “Pier” (1997)
  • 177. 177 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/ Site –Janet Echelman (1966, USA): floating sculptures “Her Secret Is Patience” (2009) “She Changes” (2005) “Every Beating Second” (2011)
  • 178. 178 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Junk –Gerhard Trimpin (1951, Germany) “If VI was IX: Roots and Branches”
  • 179. 179 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Found objects –Subodh Gupta (1964, India) “Very Hungry God” (2006): skull of stainless steel utensils
  • 180. 180 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Junk –Barry McGee (1966, USA) Untitled (2004) Untitled, Untitled, Untitled (2005, 2000, 2004)
  • 181. 181 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Light –Leo Villareal (1967, USA) “Multiverse” (2008)
  • 182. 182 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture –Kumi Yamashita (1968, Japan) “Constellation - Mana” for nail and thread “City View” for wood, light and cast shadow
  • 183. 183 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Kinetic –Reuben Margolin (1970, USA) “Double Rainbow" (2008) “Pentagonal Wave" (2007)
  • 184. 184 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Kinetic –Pe Lang (1974, Switzerland) "Moving Objects n°692-803" (2012)
  • 185. 185 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Nanoart –Frederik De Wilde (1975, Belgium) “Scan, Hostage prototype 1.0, V01D-1” (2012), nano-engineered blackest black
  • 186. 186 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Glass –Dale Chihuly (1941, USA)
  • 187. 187 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Glass –Dale Chihuly (1941)
  • 188. 188 The Age of Globalization •Sculpture/Cardboard –Ann Weber (1950) "O California, Best Beloved Land” (2010)
  • 189. 189 The Age of Globalization •BioArt –Eduardo Kac (1962, Brazil) “Alba” (2000), glowing rabbit “Time Capsule” (1997), a microchip implant, a live televison broadcast, an telerobotic interface to a remote database
  • 190. 190 The Age of Globalization •BioArt –Stelarc/ Stelios Arcadiou (1972, Australia) “Extra Ear” (2006), a surgically constructed ear connected to an Internet antenna
  • 191. 191 The Age of Globalization •BioArt –Oron Catts (1967, Australia) Oron Catts and Ionat Zurr: “Noark” (2007), a cabinet of curiosity of modified living fragments of a number of different organisms
  • 192. 192 The Age of Globalization •BioArt –Phil Ross (1966, USA) “Mycotecture Series” (2006) “Mycotecture Series” (2012)
  • 193. 193 The Age of Globalization •Robot –David Hanson (1969, USA): hyper-realistic robots –Simon Penny (1955, Australia): computer- controlled interactive robot “Albert Hubo” (2005) “Petit Mal” (1993)
  • 194. 194 The Age of Globalization •Second Life Art: –John Rafman (1981, Canada): Kool-Aid Man (2008) –Cao Fei (1978, China): RMB City (2008) •Social Media Art –Brooklyn Museum’s 1stfans (Jan 2009) –Hrag Vartanian’s exhibition #Social Graph (November 2010) –Man Bartlett (1981, USA): "#24hKith" (2010) –An "Xiao" Mina (19??, USA): "Morse Code Tweets" (2009) –Tumblr Art Symposium (March 2013)
  • 195. 195 The Age of Globalization •Social Media Art Fei: RMB City (2008) Rafman: Kool-Aid Man (2008) Mina: "Morse Code Tweets" (2009) Bartlett: "#24hKith" (2010)
  • 196. 196 The Age of Globalization •Collage –Vik Muniz (1961, Brazil)
  • 197. 197 The Age of Globalization •Collage –Hilary Pecis (1979, USA)
  • 198. 198 The Age of Globalization •Industrial Design –Jonathan Ive (1967, Britain), chief designer at Apple since 1992: iPod (2001), iPhone (2007), iPad (2010)
  • 199. 199 The Age of Globalization •Graphic Design –João Marques Fernandes (1969) and Edgar Coelho Silva (1975, Portugal) –Annu Palakunnathu Matthew (1964, Britain) “I Love Calpe 5” (1999) “Bollywood Satirized” (1999)
  • 200. 200 The Age of Globalization •Graphic Design –Olaf Hajek (1965, Germany) “African Beauty" (2011) New York Times (2012)
  • 201. 201 The Age of Globalization •Graphic Design –Giulio Iurissevich (1972, Italy)
  • 202. 202 The Age of Globalization •Graphic Design –Tatiana Plakhova (1981, Russia)
  • 203. 203 The Age of Globalization •3D Street Painting –Julian Beever (1959, Britain)
  • 204. 204 The Age of Globalization •3D Street Painting –Tracy Lee Stum (1961, USA)
  • 205. 205 The Age of Globalization •Street Painting/ 3D-pavement art –Kurt Wenner (1971, USA)
  • 206. 206 The Age of Globalization •Street Painting/ 3D-pavement art –Kurt Wenner (1971, USA)
  • 207. 207 The Age of Globalization •Street Painting/ 3D-pavement art –JR (1983, France) Rio’s favela “Morro da Providencia” (2008) Kibera, Jenya (2009)
  • 208. 208 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Quentin Tarantino (1963, USA) "Reservoir Dogs" (1992) "Pulp Fiction" (1994)
  • 209. 209 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Tsai Ming-liang (1957, Taiwan) "Rebels of the Neon God" (1993) “Vive l'Amour" (1994)
  • 210. 210 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Tsai Ming-liang (1957, Taiwan) "What Time Is It There?" (2001) “Visage” (2009)
  • 211. 211 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Wong Kar-wai (1958, China) “In the Mood for Love” (2000) “2046” (2004) “Chungking Express” (1994)
  • 212. 212 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Hirokazu Kore-eda (1962, Japan) "Afterlife" (1998)
  • 213. 213 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Wong Kar-wai (1958, China) "Days of Being Wild" (1991) "Ashes of Time" (1994) "Chungking Express" (1994)
  • 214. 214 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Luc Besson (1959, France) –Jean-Marie Jeunet (1953, France) "Delicatessen" (1992) "City of Lost Children" (1995) "La Femme Nikita" (1991) "The Professional" (1994)
  • 215. 215 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Mike Figgis (1948, Britain) “Leaving Las Vegas” (1995) “Timecode” (2000)
  • 216. 216 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Peter Jackson (1961, New Zealand): "Heavenly Creatures" (1994) –Alejandro Inarritu (1963, Mexico): "21 Grams" (2003) –Christopher Nolan (1970, Britain): "Memento" (2000)
  • 217. 217 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Jim Jarmusch (1953, USA): "Dead Man" (1995) –Kevin Smith (1970, USA): “Dogma” (1999)
  • 218. 218 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Joel Coen (1954, USA) "Fargo" (1996) "Big Lebowski" (1998) “Barton Fink” (1991)
  • 219. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Jan Svankmajer (1934, Czech) “Surviving Life" (2010) "Dimensions of Dialogue” (1982) “Conspirators of Pleasure" (1996)
  • 220. 220 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Lars von Trier (1956, Denmark) “Europa” (1991) "Kingdom" (1995) “Dogville” (2003)
  • 221. 221 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Lars von Trier (1956, Denmark) "Melancholia" (2011)
  • 222. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Atom Egoyan (1960, Canada) "Sweet Hereafter" (1997) “Exotica” (1994)
  • 223. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Alex Proyas (1963, Australia) “Dark City” (1998)
  • 224. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Andrew Niccol (1964, New Zealand) “Gattaca” (1997)
  • 225. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Majid Majidi (1959, Iran) “The Color Of Paradise” (1999) “Baran” (2011) “Children of Heaven” (1997)
  • 226. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Darren Aronofsky (1969, USA) "Pi" (1998) “Requiem for a Dream” (2000) “The Fountain” (2006)
  • 227. The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Paul Thomas Anderson (1970, USA) "Hard Eight" (1996) “Boogie Nights” (1997) "There Will Be Blood" (2007) "The Master" (2012)
  • 228. 228 The Age of Globalization •Cinema –Christian Petzold (1960, Germany) –Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck (1973, Germany) "The State I Am In" (2000) “The Lives of Others" (2006)
  • 229. 229 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Frank Gehry (1929): •Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (1997) •Walt Disney Concert Hall, Los Angeles (2005) •Hotel Marques de Riscal, Elciego, Spain •IAC (2007) see next page…
  • 230. 230 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Frank Gehry
  • 231. 231 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Dennis Lau: Central Plaza, Hong Kong (1992) –Rafael Vinoly (1944, Uruguay): Jongno Tower, Seoul (1999) –CY Lee (1938, Taiwan): Taipei 101 (2004)
  • 232. 232 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Lee Polisano (1952, USA): World Financial Center, Shanghai (2006) –Paul Andreu (1938, France): National Center for the Performing Arts, Beijing (2008) –Rem Koolhaas (1944, Netherlands) and Ole Scheeren: China Central Television, Beijing (2009)
  • 233. 233 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Nikken Sekkei Chamber of Commerce, Dubai (1995) NEC Supertower, Tokyo (1990)
  • 234. 234 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Leo Daly architects: Jumeirah Beach hotel (1997, Dubai) –Tom Wright (1957, Britain): Burj Al Arab hotel, Dubai (1999) –Hazel Wong: Emirates Towers , Dubai (2000) –Ellerde Becket: Kingdom Centre (2001, Saudi Arabia)
  • 235. 235 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Dominique Perrault (1953): Bibliotheque de France (Paris, 1997) –Jan Kaplicky (1937, Czech): The Ark (2001, Doncaster, Britain) –Peter Cook and Colin Fournier: Kunsthaus Graz (Austria, 2002) –Henning Larsen: Opera House (Copenhagen, 2005)
  • 236. 236 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Agustin Hernandez's Complejo Calakmul (1994, Mexico City) –Teodoro Gonzalez de Leon, Francisco Serrano and Alejandro Fierro: Arcos Bosques (1997, Mexico City)
  • 237. 237 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Skidmore, Owings & Merrill Gateway IV, Chicago (1983) DLI63/Korea Life Insurance, Seoul (1985) China World Trade Center Tower 3 (2009, Beijing)
  • 238. 238 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Mario Botta (1943, Switzerland): SFMOMA, San Francisco (1995) –Rafael Moneo (1937, Spain): Cathedral, Los Angeles (2002) –Jeanne Gang (1964, USA): Aqua Building, Chicago (2009)
  • 239. 239 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Jean Nouvel (1941) Institute of the Arab World (1987, Paris) Angbar Tower (2005, Barcelona)
  • 240. 240 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Kisho Kurokawa (1934, Japan) Republic Plaza (1995, Singapore) Nakagin Capsule Tower (1972, Tokyo) National Art Center, Tokyo (2005)
  • 241. 241 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Hiroshi Hara (1936, Japan) Sky Tower, Osaka (1993)
  • 242. 242 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Richard Meier (1934, USA): Getty Center, Los Angeles (1997) –Kohn Pedersen Fox: Mori/Roppongi Building, Tokyo (2003) –Ma Yansong: Absolute Towers (Ontario, 2011)
  • 243. 243 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Daniel Libeskind (1946) Denver Art Museum (2006) Creative Media Centre, Hong Kong (2010) Reflection Towers, Singapore (2012)
  • 244. 244 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Adrian Smith (USA, 1944) Burj Dubai (2010, Dubai) Jin Mao Building (1998, Shanghai)
  • 245. 245 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Zaha Hadid (Iraq, 1950) Herault Culture Sport (Montpelier) CMA CGM Head Office (Marseilles) Guangzhou Opera House (2011)
  • 246. 246 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Santiago Calatrava (1951, Spain) Satolas TGV Station (1993, Lyons, France) Turning Torso (2005, Malmo, Sweden) Arts and Science Museum (Valencia, Spain)
  • 247. 247 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Moshe Safdie (1938, Israel): Marina Bay Sands, Singapore (2010) –Arc Studio: Pinnacles, Singapore (2009)
  • 248. 248 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Chalermchai Kositpipat (1955, Thailand) "Wat Rong Khun/ White temple" (1997)
  • 249. 249 The Age of Globalization •Architecture –Vincent Callebaut (1977, Belgium) “Lilypad”