IPY, IYB…:
freeing biodiversity data before the tipping point




              Bruno Danis, Mélianie Raymond

           ...
Antarctic Biodiversity
• Highly adapted to extreme environment
• High level of endemism
• Mostly marine
• Estimations: pos...
Data availability

• Art 3.1 of Antarctic Treaty
• what? where? when?
• widely disseminated, patchy, hardly
  accessible
•...
Sharing biodiversity data
• science-based, adaptative
  conservation and management
• testing fundamental theories
• conso...
SCAR-MarBIN
 Marine Biodiversity Information Network

• www.scarmarbin.be
• Main funding: Belgian science Policy office
• I...
ANTABIF
 Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility


• www.biodiversity.aq
• Funding: Belgian science Policy office
• Int...
GBIF
Global Biodiversity Information Facility

• www.gbif.org
GBIF’s Mandate
”To facilitate free and open access to biodiversity data
worldwide, via the Internet, to underpin scientifi...
What is GBIF?
                GBIF is a global science/informatics
NOT a
                research infrastructure:
database...
An intergovernmental initiative to share
        biodiversity information



                                Currently:
  ...
Data shared online via GBIF




     (>201 million biodiversity records mapped to a 1 X 1 degree grid)
General philosophy
• Build a network
• Offer free and open access to data and technology
• Expose all the (biodiversity) d...
Who’s in?
[results]: webportal

             taxonomy, biogeography
                   vizualisation
                   open access
...
[results]: RAMS

                                                • The first RAMS
                                         ...
[results]: ANTOBIS

             1,088,044 records
                172 datasets
              106 geodatasets
            ...
[apps]: conservation
World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2001: “establish
comprehensive, effectively managed, and eco...
[apps]: modeling
Bivalve richness
10 environmental variables
[apps]: response to change
Cope or adapt
Move (deeper, south)
Go extinct




          1976 - 2003
      Over 2-fold decre...
[apps]: where should we look?
Southern Limits                         Northern Limits




      Over 2-fold decrease / 10 ...
[apps]: expedition design




 Limopsis prediction
 model fits actual data
 map shows where to go
[apps]: expedition design




 Limopsis prediction
 model fits actual data
 map shows where to go
!

!"#$%&'(&#&)*+'
!
                   [apps]: data exploration
                                                         ...
[apps]: gaps analysis
• taxonomy: some groups
  under-represented
• spatial: deep-sea, Amundsen
  sea,...
• time: paleonto...
[projects] some examples
ANTABIF (www.biodiversity.aq)
SCAR-MarBIN V2 alpha
Antarctic Field Guides
Georeferenced genetic d...
[main] Challenges
Quickly evolving needs from the community
Gaps in the data: taxonomy (microbes, kinetics??),
spatial, te...
[vision] The future

• Polar Information Commons (PIC): framework for
  long-term stewardship of polar data
• ongoing appl...
Jump in!



           www.scarmarbin.be
           www.biodiversity.aq
           www.gbif.org
           www.slideshare....
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Danis&raymond

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Presentation given during the IPY conference in Olso, Norway, in June 2010

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  • Danis&raymond

    1. 1. IPY, IYB…: freeing biodiversity data before the tipping point Bruno Danis, Mélianie Raymond www.gbif.org www.biodiversity.aq
    2. 2. Antarctic Biodiversity • Highly adapted to extreme environment • High level of endemism • Mostly marine • Estimations: possibly 20.000 species • Under-studied (especially the deep sea) • Probably very sensitive to CC • but where’s the data?
    3. 3. Data availability • Art 3.1 of Antarctic Treaty • what? where? when? • widely disseminated, patchy, hardly accessible • (expensive) data and expertise are vanishing!
    4. 4. Sharing biodiversity data • science-based, adaptative conservation and management • testing fundamental theories • consolidation of the community • undisputed evidence of change/ shifts
    5. 5. SCAR-MarBIN Marine Biodiversity Information Network • www.scarmarbin.be • Main funding: Belgian science Policy office • International Polar Year 2007/08 • Census of Antarctic Marine Life • Ocean Biogeographic Information System • Global Biodiversity Information Network
    6. 6. ANTABIF Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility • www.biodiversity.aq • Funding: Belgian science Policy office • International Year of Biodiversity • Evolution and Biodiversity in Antarctica • Australian Antarctic Division • Global Biodiversity Information Network
    7. 7. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility • www.gbif.org
    8. 8. GBIF’s Mandate ”To facilitate free and open access to biodiversity data worldwide, via the Internet, to underpin scientific research, conservation and sustainable development.” GBIF is govt-initiated, and govt. funded, in response to government agency needs in biodiversity information access and management; GBIF is in service to science, as a global ‘public good’
    9. 9. What is GBIF? GBIF is a global science/informatics NOT a research infrastructure: database or data aggregator • promoting global participation, linking up a global network of participants (decentralised structure); • enabling online publishing and sharing of biodiversity data; • Promoting development of data capture & exchange standards; • Building an informatics infrastructure; • Building capacity; • Catalysing development of analytical tools.
    10. 10. An intergovernmental initiative to share biodiversity information Currently: • 54 countries; • 44 International Organisations
    11. 11. Data shared online via GBIF (>201 million biodiversity records mapped to a 1 X 1 degree grid)
    12. 12. General philosophy • Build a network • Offer free and open access to data and technology • Expose all the (biodiversity) data and metadata • Remain community-driven • Adopt strong standardization • Work for science, conservation, management
    13. 13. Who’s in?
    14. 14. [results]: webportal taxonomy, biogeography vizualisation open access 725,000 visitors 5,075,000 hits 32,000,000 dld records V2alpha coming up
    15. 15. [results]: RAMS • The first RAMS • Board of 60+ editors all taxa all species • Feeds WoRMS, CoL and EoL valid species • 16,475 taxa 0 3,750 7,500 11,250 15,000 • 9,346 species
    16. 16. [results]: ANTOBIS 1,088,044 records 172 datasets 106 geodatasets 5,235 taxa Feeds OBIS, GBIF Downloadable WebGIS Webservices
    17. 17. [apps]: conservation World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2001: “establish comprehensive, effectively managed, and ecologically representative networks of marine protected areas by 2012” By 2010, collate relevant data for as many of the 11 priority regions as possible (and other regions as appropriate), and characterise each region in terms of biodiversity patterns and ecosystem processes, physical environmental features and human activities. By end 2011, submit proposals for candidate areas for protection to the CCAMLR Scientific Committee. By 2012, submit proposals on a representative system of Southern Ocean MPAs to the CCAMLR Commission.
    18. 18. [apps]: modeling Bivalve richness 10 environmental variables
    19. 19. [apps]: response to change Cope or adapt Move (deeper, south) Go extinct 1976 - 2003 Over 2-fold decrease / 10 years Over 2-fold increase / 10 years Atkinson et al 2004
    20. 20. [apps]: where should we look? Southern Limits Northern Limits Over 2-fold decrease / 10 years Over 2-fold increase / 10 years Barnes Atkinson et al 2004 et al., 2009
    21. 21. [apps]: expedition design Limopsis prediction model fits actual data map shows where to go
    22. 22. [apps]: expedition design Limopsis prediction model fits actual data map shows where to go
    23. 23. ! !"#$%&'(&#&)*+' ! [apps]: data exploration Strugnell J. British Antarctic Survey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
    24. 24. [apps]: gaps analysis • taxonomy: some groups under-represented • spatial: deep-sea, Amundsen sea,... • time: paleontology • huge datasets are missing
    25. 25. [projects] some examples ANTABIF (www.biodiversity.aq) SCAR-MarBIN V2 alpha Antarctic Field Guides Georeferenced genetic data Polar Macroscope Synthesis Antarctic Biodiversity Atlas
    26. 26. [main] Challenges Quickly evolving needs from the community Gaps in the data: taxonomy (microbes, kinetics??), spatial, temporal, institutional, IPY data Fear to publish (but happy to use) The community needs to value the publication of data Funding: hard to make a DB look sexy...
    27. 27. [vision] The future • Polar Information Commons (PIC): framework for long-term stewardship of polar data • ongoing applications: fill the gaps, strategic conservation planning, optimized expedition design,... • flying across disciplines...?
    28. 28. Jump in! www.scarmarbin.be www.biodiversity.aq www.gbif.org www.slideshare.net/scarmarbin

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