Antarctic biodiversity information networks: lessons learnt and upcoming challenges
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Antarctic biodiversity information networks: lessons learnt and upcoming challenges

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This presentation was given during the Belgian IPY symposium, in May 2010....

This presentation was given during the Belgian IPY symposium, in May 2010.
The Southern Ocean ecosystems have an exceptional ecological, biogeographic and political value. We argue that to efficiently understand and protect these ecosystems, it is vital to maintain an effective mechanism for the exchange of scientific information on Antarctic biodiversity. These should be widely disseminated, immediately and freely accessible and carefully checked in order to establish sound management of the Antarctic ecosystems. SCAR’s Marine Biodiversity Information Network (www.SCARMarBIN.be), is an example of such a mechanism, which publishes this information through the Internet. SCARMarBIN is home to the first Register of Antarctic Marine Species (RAMS), available online and constantly updated by a panel of 70 taxonomic experts. Using a geographic information system, SCAR-MarBIN also allows users to view and download reference data on marine organisms. This initiative, funded by the Belgian Science Policy (BELSPO), allows for the first time to quantify the diversity and distribution of life in Antarctica in a wide variety of taxonomic, temporal or spatial contexts. SCAR-MarBIN is also a key tool for the detection of impacts due to global change and to highlight areas of the Southern Ocean that require special protection.
As part of the legacy of the International Polar Year (IPY), various initiatives are working closely to document the biodiversity, ecosystem services and evolutionary processes of the Southern Ocean. The creation of a freely accessible archival system should be considered a top priority, especially during the International Year of Biodiversity (2010). It is our responsibility towards future generations.

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Antarctic biodiversity information networks: lessons learnt and upcoming challenges Antarctic biodiversity information networks: lessons learnt and upcoming challenges Presentation Transcript

  • Antarctic biodiversity information networks lessons learnt and upcoming challenges Bruno Danis, Claude De Broyer www.scarmarbin.be Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • Antarctic Biodiversity • Highly adapted to extreme environment • High level of endemism • Mostly marine • Estimations: possibly 20.000 species • Under-studied (especially the deep sea) • Probably very sensitive to CC • but where’s the data? Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • SCAR-MarBIN Marine Biodiversity Information Network • www.scarmarbin.be • Main funding: Belgian science Policy office • International Polar Year 2007/08 • Census of Antarctic Marine Life • Ocean Biogeographic Information System • Global Biodiversity Information Network Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • ANTABIF Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility • www.biodiversity.aq • Funding: Belgian science Policy office • International Year of Biodiversity • Evolution and Biodiversity in Antarctica • Global Biodiversity Information Network • Australian Antarctic Division Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • Philosophy • Build a network • Offer free and open access to data and technology • Expose all the (biodiversity) data and metadata • Remain community-driven • Adopt strong standardization • Work for science, conservation, management Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • Who’s in? Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [results]: webportal taxonomy, biogeography vizualisation open access 725,000 visitors 5,075,000 hits 32,000,000 dld records V2alpha coming up Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [results]: RAMS • The first RAMS • Board of 60+ editors all taxa all species • Feeds WoRMS, CoL and EoL valid species • 16,475 taxa 0 3.750 7.500 11.250 15.000 • 9,346 species Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [results]: ANTOBIS 1,088,044 records 167 datasets 106 geodatasets 5,235 taxa Feeds OBIS, GBIF Downloadable WebGIS Webservices Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [projects] a few examples ANTABIF (www.biodiversity.aq) SCAR-MarBIN V2 alpha Antarctic Field Guides Georeferenced genetic data Polar Macroscope Synthesis Antarctic Biodiversity Atlas Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [apps]: conservation World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2001: “establish comprehensive, effectively managed, and ecologically representative networks of marine protected areas by 2012” By 2010, collate relevant data for as many of the 11 priority regions as possible (and other regions as appropriate), and characterise each region in terms of biodiversity patterns and ecosystem processes, physical environmental features and human activities. By end 2011, submit proposals for candidate areas for protection to the CCAMLR Scientific Committee. By 2012, submit proposals on a representative system of Southern Ocean MPAs to the CCAMLR Commission. Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [apps]: modeling Bivalve richness 10 environmental variables Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [apps]: detecting change Cope or adapt Move (deeper, south) Go extinct 1976 - 2003 Over 2-fold decrease / 10 years Over 2-fold increase / 10 years Atkinson et al 2004 Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [apps]: expedition design Limopsis prediction model fits actual data map shows where to go Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [apps]: expedition design Limopsis prediction model fits actual data map shows where to go Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • ! !"#$%&'(&#&)*+' ! [apps]: data exploration Strugnell J. British Antarctic Survey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ednesday 26 May 2010
  • [main] Challenges Quickly evolving needs from the community Gaps in the data: taxonomy (microbes, kinetics??), spatial, temporal, institutional, IPY data Fear to publish (but happy to use) The community needs to value the publication of data Funding: hard to make a DB look sexy... Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • Data policy framework • Art III-1c of the Antarctic Treaty: “... scientific observations and results from Antarctica shall be exchanged and made freely available” • IPY: “...the Joint Committee requires that data are made available fully, freely, openly and on the shortest feasible timeframe” Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • [vision] The future • SMB awarded IPY grand prize for data sharing • Polar Information Commons (PIC): framework long-term stewardship of polar data • ongoing applications: fill the gaps, strategic conservation planning, optimized expedition design,... • flying across disciplines... could Belgium lead the way? Wednesday 26 May 2010
  • Questions? www.biodiversity.aq Griffiths HJ. British Antarctic Survey Wednesday 26 May 2010