Ornella sg[1][1]

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Ornella sg[1][1]

  1. 1. ENGLISH GUIDE<br />Ornella Scoponi Plecito <br />6st grades.<br />English Level 6<br />UNIT I.<br />Vocabulary. Give me the meaning of each phrasal verbs.<br />*take up______________________________________________________________.<br />*decide on ____________________________________________________________.<br />*apply for______________________________________________________________.<br />* be accepted to/ into ___________________________________________________.<br />* be rejected by_________________________________________________________.<br />* sing up for____________________________________________________________.<br />*enroll in_______________________________________________________________.<br />*switch to_______________________________________________________________. <br />Grammar. The present perfect for past events related to the present.<br />Although the present perfect expresses a past event or state, it is used to convey information that has relevance to the present.<br />I love animals and the outdoors, so I’ve decided to become a naturalist.<br />The following adverbs and expressions are often used with the present perfect: ever, never, already, yet, so far, still (with the negative), once, twice, (three) times.<br />Have you ever thought about a career in law?<br />We´ve never considered that course of action <br />She´s already decided on a career in business <br />I still haven’t made up my mind about what I’ll do after school.<br />He’s been rejected by medical school three times.<br />Exercises: Use the last adverbs to complete the sentences. <br />It _________ tired to me to run.<br />I have _________ seen her before.<br />I didn’t eat my tacos _________.<br />Have you ___________ played football soccer?<br />I got an A in Economy ____________.<br />The adverbs just, recently, and lately describe past events that have occurred in recent time.<br />She’s just been accepted to a top business school.<br />They’ve recently made plans to get married.<br />Have you made any progress with your job search lately?<br />NOTE: The adverb lately is rarely used in affirmative statements in the present perfect.<br />Exercises: Use the last adverbs to complete the sentences.<br />I ________live in Guadalajara 3 years.<br />___________ my mom talk me about men’s.<br />Monica __________went out jail.<br />Grammar. The present perfect and the present perfect continuos for unfinished or continuing actions<br />Use either the present perfect or the present perfect continuous to describe unfinished or continuing actions Speakers often choose the present perfect continuous instead of the present perfect when they want to suggest that the action will continue. Note that this is not a sharp distinction rule. <br />Ballard has searched for shipwrecks for many years. (The speaker is not necessarily suggesting that Ballard will continue to search.)<br />He has been searching for shipwrecks for many years. (The speaker may be suggesting that Ballard will continue to search.)<br />Exercises: Complete de sentences with present perfect continuous and present perfect <br />You _______________ (wait ) here for two hours.<br />I _____________(see) that movie twenty times.<br />She __________________(work) at that company for three years.<br />James ______________ (teach) at the university since June.<br />People _______________ (travel) to the Moon<br />Vocabulary. Dreams and goals. Match the word to its best meaning <br />3510915320040Be a superstar.I finally buy a car, that’s only mine I want to finish high school/ I’ll have a house, and I’ll be married.I will be the best doctor in TorreonI’ll have the best grades, and be the best in my career 00Be a superstar.I finally buy a car, that’s only mine I want to finish high school/ I’ll have a house, and I’ll be married.I will be the best doctor in TorreonI’ll have the best grades, and be the best in my career <br />*fulfill ( )<br />*short-term/ long-term goal ()<br />*childhood()<br />*take steps to achieve ( )<br />*set goals for oneself ( )<br />UNIT II.<br />Grammar. Adjective clauses<br />Whose, where, and when introduce adjective clauses about possession, location, and time. <br />People whose jobs require frequent social contact have the most opportunity to lie (possession).<br />There’s no place in the world where people are completely honest all the time (location)<br />There has never been a time when some form of lying wasn’t a part of everyday life. (Time)<br />In formal English, when a relative pronoun is the object of a preposition, the preposition appears at the beginning of the clause. In informal English, the preposition usually appears at the end. <br />FORMAL: The participants in the study deceived many of the people with whom they interacted. <br />INFORMAL: The participants in the study deceived many of the people who (or that) they interacted with.<br />FORMAL: Money is a subject about which people are rarely honest<br />INFORMAL: Money is a subject which (or that) people are rarely honest about.<br />FORMAL: The researcher form whom we received the survey is studying attitudes about lying. <br />INFORMAL: The researcher who (or whom) we received the survey from is studying attitudes about lying. <br />FORMAL: Most people save their biggest lies for the person to whom they are closest<br />INFORMAL: Most people save their biggest lies for the person who (or whom) they are closets to. <br />Exercises: choose one of the following words for each sentence (who, from whom, with whom, when, whose, which, where, why)<br />The girl ________ came into the room was tall and dark.<br />There's a problem _________ worries me.<br />The police found the man ____________they had been searching.<br />Look at that girl __________ brother is a footballer.<br />This is the station _________we get off.<br />Surely the reason ________he stole the money is obvious.<br />Vocabulary. Ways to take and avoid responsibility.<br />

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