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Principles of Governance
 

Principles of Governance

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    Principles of Governance Principles of Governance Presentation Transcript

    • Governance in Singapore
    • What does a government do?
    • Meets people’s needs
      Ensures stability in the government
      The roles of the Singapore government
      Maintains sovereignty
      Builds a nation
    • Why is having a good government important?(hint: link to Chapter 3)
    • The Three Gears
      Government
    • Governance is the way a government manages the resources of the country so as to carry out its functions.
      What is governance?
    • The ability to:
      • come up with good and sound policies and implement the policies effectively
      • manage the resources of the country well in order to achieve economic and social development
      GOOD governance?
    • How does the government work?
    • Principles of Governance
      Leadership is Key
      Anticipate Change and
      Stay Relevant
      Reward for Work and
      Work for Reward
      A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All
    • How Singapore turned improbable into reality
      Read the newspaper article.
      Discuss the answers in groups of 4.
      Write down your answers.
    • How do the principles of governance lead to Singapore’s progress?
      Principles of governance
      Singapore’s progress
    • Principle 1:
      Leadershipis Key
    • What makes a good leader?
    • What makes a good leader?
      • A good character
      • Honest and capable
      • Moral courage
      • Integrity to do what is right and not what is popular
      • Practical decision making
      • Need to be groomed
    • E.g. 2: Since 1980s, government introduced policies to control private car ownership and charging motorists for road usage.
      Decisions are practical, not popular
      Many Singaporeans were unhappy because it was harder to own cars, but as a result of the policies, Singapore does not suffer from traffic congestion all the time.
      • Vision of Singapore as a distinctive global city for the arts has driven the development of the arts in Singapore
      • Council opened up more opportunities for development of local talents through international collaborations and co-productions 
      Mr Liu Thai Ker,
      former chairman of the National Arts Council (NAC)
    • What is the message of this source?
    • Principle 2:
      Anticipate Change &Stay Relevant
      The need to be forward-looking.
      Implementing policies for future needs.
    • NEWater
      Anticipated that Singapore may have difficulties renewing its water agreements with Malaysia which end in 2011 and 2016
      Found alternative sources: NEWater & desalinated water
    • NEWater
      Ensures that Singapore is self-sufficient
      Ensures that Singapore’s future water needs are met
    • Integrated Resorts
      Tourism is important to Singapore’s economy
      Intense competition from neighbouring countries
      Need to improve tourist industry to capture growing market!
    • Integrated Resorts
      Decision to build 2 Integrated Resorts
      Marina Bay
      Sentosa
      • World-class destinations to attract more tourists and offer a unique attraction to the rest of the world
      • Creates more employment
    • Integrated Resorts
      • Latest data from Singapore Tourism Board (STB)
       tourism receipts from January to December 2010 were estimated to reach S$18.8 billionSTB attributed a significant proportion of the high growth of 49% in tourism receipts to the opening of the Integrated Resorts last year
    • ‘Reward for Work & Work for Reward’
      Principle 3:
      Meritocracy
      A system that rewards hard work and talent
      Encourages people to do well
      Everybody in the society an equal opportunity to achieve their best regardless of background
    • ‘Reward for Work & Work for Reward’
      Principle 3:
      Example: Education
      Students who perform well are rewarded
      Edusave Scholarship (top 10%)
      Merit Bursary schemes (top 25%)
    • Sharing the surplus from Singapore’s growth as a reward for their hard work
      Recognize the contributions of NS men
      Help lower income households with living expenses
      Reward low-wage workers for work
      Share earnings with all Singaporeans
    • Principle 4:
      ‘A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All’
    • ‘A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All’
      • Having a say in decision-making  greater sense of belonging to the country
      • Brings about a committed workforce, integrated society and political stability
    • Example: Feedback on Casino as part of IR
      • Government consulted people on this issue
      • People voiced opinions and feedback about social repercussions
      • National framework and social safeguards put into place
    • Name: _____________________________________ ( ) Class: __________________
      Principles of Governance
      Social Studies, Sec 3 Exp/N, Chapter 2
    • To what extent is “Reward for Work and Work for Reward” the most important principle to promote Singapore’s progress? Explain your answer.
      Social Studies, Sec 3 Exp/N, Chapter 2