Meets people’s needs Ensures stability in the government The roles of the Singapore government Maintains sovereignty Builds a nation
Why is having a good government important?(hint: link to Chapter 3)
The Three Gears Government
Governance is the way a government manages the resources of the country so as to carry out its functions. What is governance?
The ability to:
come up with good and sound policies and implement the policies effectively
manage the resources of the country well in order to achieve economic and social development
How does the government work?
Principles of Governance Leadership is Key Anticipate Change and Stay Relevant Reward for Work and Work for Reward A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All
How Singapore turned improbable into reality Read the newspaper article. Discuss the answers in groups of 4. Write down your answers.
How do the principles of governance lead to Singapore’s progress? Principles of governance Singapore’s progress
Principle 1: Leadershipis Key
What makes a good leader?
What makes a good leader?
A good character
Honest and capable
Integrity to do what is right and not what is popular
Practical decision making
Need to be groomed
E.g. 2: Since 1980s, government introduced policies to control private car ownership and charging motorists for road usage. Decisions are practical, not popular Many Singaporeans were unhappy because it was harder to own cars, but as a result of the policies, Singapore does not suffer from traffic congestion all the time.
Vision of Singapore as a distinctive global city for the arts has driven the development of the arts in Singapore
Council opened up more opportunities for development of local talents through international collaborations and co-productions
Mr Liu Thai Ker, former chairman of the National Arts Council (NAC)
What is the message of this source?
Principle 2: Anticipate Change &Stay Relevant The need to be forward-looking. Implementing policies for future needs.
NEWater Anticipated that Singapore may have difficulties renewing its water agreements with Malaysia which end in 2011 and 2016 Found alternative sources: NEWater & desalinated water
NEWater Ensures that Singapore is self-sufficient Ensures that Singapore’s future water needs are met
Integrated Resorts Tourism is important to Singapore’s economy Intense competition from neighbouring countries Need to improve tourist industry to capture growing market!
Integrated Resorts Decision to build 2 Integrated Resorts Marina Bay Sentosa
World-class destinations to attract more tourists and offer a unique attraction to the rest of the world
Creates more employment
Latest data from Singapore Tourism Board (STB)
tourism receipts from January to December 2010 were estimated to reach S$18.8 billionSTB attributed a significant proportion of the high growth of 49% in tourism receipts to the opening of the Integrated Resorts last year
‘Reward for Work & Work for Reward’ Principle 3: Meritocracy A system that rewards hard work and talent Encourages people to do well Everybody in the society an equal opportunity to achieve their best regardless of background
‘Reward for Work & Work for Reward’ Principle 3: Example: Education Students who perform well are rewarded Edusave Scholarship (top 10%) Merit Bursary schemes (top 25%)
Sharing the surplus from Singapore’s growth as a reward for their hard work Recognize the contributions of NS men Help lower income households with living expenses Reward low-wage workers for work Share earnings with all Singaporeans
Principle 4: ‘A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All’
‘A Stake for Everyone, Opportunities for All’
Having a say in decision-making greater sense of belonging to the country
Brings about a committed workforce, integrated society and political stability
Example: Feedback on Casino as part of IR
Government consulted people on this issue
People voiced opinions and feedback about social repercussions
National framework and social safeguards put into place
Name: _____________________________________ ( ) Class: __________________ Principles of Governance Social Studies, Sec 3 Exp/N, Chapter 2
To what extent is “Reward for Work and Work for Reward” the most important principle to promote Singapore’s progress? Explain your answer. Social Studies, Sec 3 Exp/N, Chapter 2