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3.2 rules of nomeclature
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3.2 rules of nomeclature

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(Valentina-Paula-Laura) rules of nomeclature.

(Valentina-Paula-Laura) rules of nomeclature.

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  • 1. By: paula castellanos,lauragomez y valentina molina
  • 2.  Oneof the first attempts to create rules in botanical taxonomy was made by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778– 1841) in Théory élémentaire de la botanique in 1813.
  • 3.  Therehe stated that published names should have priority according to the date of publication, starting with Linnaeus (withouth mentioning a particular year).
  • 4.  TheEnglish did not follow that rule. On a congress in Paris, 100 botanists adopted the rules in a book by the son Alphons de Candolle (1806–1873), Lois de nomenclature adoptee from 1867
  • 5.  Kuntzes strict application of insufficient nomenclature laws and the nomenclatural mess he made triggered botanists to create a code of botanical nomenclature.
  • 6.  In Europe this was decided on a botanical congress in Vienna in 1905. During this meeting the starting point for priority of botanical names was set to 1753, the year of Linnaeus Species Plantarum.
  • 7.  In 1842 a British ornithologist Hugh Edwin Strickland (1811–1853) elaborated the first nomenclatural laws for zoology, the "Strickland Code".
  • 8.  The latest botanical code decided upon in Vienna 2005 opens up for extended possibilities to reject or conserve plant names to promote nomenclatural stability.
  • 9.  Changes in the zoological code are decided upon by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, elected by the international society of zoologists.

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