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(Sara - Mikayla)
2. Linnaean era

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  • 1. LINNAEAN ERA By: Sara Ferrer & Mikayla van den Brenk
  • 2. STARTING POINT OF MODERN TAXONOMYFor nomenclaturalreasons two works of CarlLinnaeus (1707–1778, Fig.4) are regarded as thestarting points of modernbotanical and zoologicaltaxonomy.
  • 3. The global flora SpeciesPlantarum, published in1753 and the tenth editionof Systema Naturae in1758 including globalfauna.
  • 4. The reason for this is thatLinnaeus introduced inthese books a binary formof species names called"trivial names" for bothplants and animals
  • 5. For each species hecreated an epithet thatcould be used togetherwith the genus name. Thetrivial names wereintended for fieldworkand education, and not toreplace the earlier phrasenames.
  • 6. The phrase namesincluded a description ofthe species thatdistinguished it fromother known species inthe genus.
  • 7. With an expandedknowledge of the globalfauna and flora through17th and 18th centuryscientific expeditions, alarge number of newspecies were found andnamed, and more termshad to be added to eachphrase name.
  • 8. By the time of Linnaeusthe situation was reallybad. Linnaeus counted8530 species of floweringplants in 1753.