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To begin with the end in mind means to start with a clear understanding of your destination. It means to know where you’re going so that you better understand where you are now so that the steps you take are always in the right direction.
Backward design is essentially starting at the end and working backwards.
It encompasses deciding what your targeted goal is and then working backward to achieve success.
Ralph Tyler described backward design about 50 years ago…
“ Educational objectives become the criteria by which materials are selected, content is outlined and examinations are prepared…The purpose of a statement of objectives is to indicate the kinds of changes in the student to be brought about so that instructional activities can be planned and developed in a way likely to attain these objectives.”